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-37th YEAR 1905 


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Wkea writiag to ad ver ffc —n please mention The Home Mismokaey 


For APRIL, 1907. 


Henrv H . Kelsey 1 


Charles S. Mills 7 


Illustrated D. W. Waldron 10 


Josiah Strong 14 

RUIN AND RESCUE Illustrated 

William T. Elsing 18 

Mary K. Hyde 26 


W. E. Lougee 31* 




Pub! ; shed Monthly, except in July and August, by the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society 



50 Cents a Year 


With the Present Number 

The J\leiv 
Home Missionary 

enters upon its fifth year. The experiment has been re- 


Read on the reverse side of this page the "Verdict" of one month. 

Every monthly issue brings a similar verdict wholly unsolicited. 

The new magazine is produced at" one-half the net cost of the old 

and is a thousand times more readable. With these advantages, 

why is it not self-supporting? We answer frankly, because of 

its large free list. Why may not this free list, in part at least, 

become a paying list? With the hearty co-operation of our 

best friends this is possible. Does five cents a month for 

ten months seem almost too trifling to ask ? Five cents a 

month multiplied by 10,000 will pay every bill of the 

Home Missionary for the year and set free so 

many thousand dollars for field use. 

Try It 


C "The January number of The Home Missionary is the best ever." 

Joshua Coit, Boston, Mass. 
C "I have been reading the January Home Missionary. As a Congrcga- 
tionalist I am proud of it." 

H. P. Dewey, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
C "What a splendid number the January? The best, J think, of all the fine 
numbers I have seen." 

Katharine R. Crowell, East Orange, N. J. . 
C "Enclosed find fifty cents in stamps for Mrs. J. G . The Home Mis- 
sionary is so good that we wish to pay the subscription instead of receiving it 
free as a life member." 

Shelbumc, Mass. 
C "Your magazine is in my opinion far and away the best missionary maga- 
zine published. I am sure zve can make effective use of fifty to seventy-five 
copies if we have them." 

Newton W. Hall, Springfield, Mass. 
H "Better every number, and I always think the last one received can never be 
improved upon. As an inspiration I zvislj, I could make everybody feel it as I 
feel it." 

Mrs. E. M. Weitzell, Albion, Neb. 
C "The January Home Missionary is so instructive and so thrilling that I 
read it from cover to cover at one sitting. The magazine is one of the most in- 
forming and inspiring periodicals that enters our home. Every Congregational 
family in the land ought to take it." 

D wight M. Pratt, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
C "J was made a life member by the Ladies' Society. It did not cost me a cent, 
and I am ashamed any longer to receive this splendid Home Missionary maga- 
zine for nothing. Please find enclosed subscription price for two years. 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 
C "I have been told from childhood that missionary intelligence can never be 
made interesting or popular. But the Home Missionary magazine, as now 
conducted, is a complete refutation of the fallacy. Of all the popular monthlies, 
this is the best." 

New York City. 
C "Why not speak out and congratulate an editor as well as any other human 
when a specially good ficce of work is done! And such, to my thinking, is the 
January Home Missionary. All the issues are exceedingly good and stimulat- 
ing to faith in our country and to zeal in God's service for the same. But the 
latest is the best so far, so it seems to me, and especially on account of Com- 
missioner Watchorn's article." 

Quincy L. Dowd, Roscoe, III. 
C "What a pleasure it is to read The Home Missionary magazine these 
days! I have always read it with more or less interest because my heart is in tthc 
work; but the reading has o f ten been from a sense of duty as well as of interest. 
But what a marvelous new life its Pages have taken on ! When the January issue 
came in, I took it up. looked over its contents and laid it on the table for even- 
ing reading. When I began to read I assure vou I did not lay it down until I 
had been through it from cover to cover. If the Home Missionary continues 
to bring into our Christian homes the same brightness and cheer, I do not see 
how it can fail to add new life to the good work, and send forth eager, hands, 
full of silver, yes, of gold, yes, of fine gold, too, to God's glory. I am ready 
to add my extra third this year." ...... 

Mrs C. A. R., Winchester, Mass. 




APRIL, 1907 

NO. 1 

What One Church has Done 

The Story of the Fourth Church, Hartford, Connecticut. 
2y Rev. Henry H. Kelsey, Pastor 

I HAVE been requested to write a 
brief history of the Fourth 
Church, because some who know 
the story think it will be helpful to 
other churches similarly situated. It 
seems to the writer that this may be 
true, chiefly from the fact that there 
is nothing so very remarkable about it. 
The church has not used extraordi- 
nary methods, nor is its situation and 
environment in the city so different 
from that of very many churches. It 
is a downtown church, in a section 
from which residents have moved 
away but where yet people live in 
upper tenements and flats. What has 
been done in the Fourth Church may, 
therefore, be done in any church. 
Similar, or even greater results are 
possible anywhere. It is the writer's 
conviction that there is no enterprise 
or institution so needed, or so effec- 
tive for the saving of our cities as the 
democratic, evangelistic church. It 
is also his conviction, based upon 
nearly twenty years of experience, 
that there is no city where such 
churches are impossible. 

The Fourth Church of Hartford 
was organized January 10, 1832, born 
out of the revivals of those days and 
brought into being for a distinct, 
evangelistic purpose. A number of 
earnest members of the three other 
Congregational Churches in the city 
had. for two or three years, been as- 
sociated together in work for the 


neglected. They felt that they were 
not doing all they might for the 
salvation of souls, especially for those 
who, by their condition in life, or by 
the crowded churches and the high 
price of seats in them, were shut out 
from the common means of grace. To 
make their work effective, they organ- 
ized themselves into a Church. These 
apostolic spirited people made the 
church self-supporting from the first. 
They went from house to house to 
read and pray with individuals. The 
first year they gave five hundred dol- 
lars to missions. Such a church must 

The first pastor died in the second 
year of his ministry. The second pas- 
tor found the church depleted by re- 


ligious controversy. The third pas- 
tor, Rev. Isaac N. Sprague, had the 
spirit of the founders. Under his 
ministry of eight years, in which 
were repeated revival ingatherings, 
the church grew so that during these 
eight years 630 were received into its 
membership. Then follows a period of 
twenty-five years which was marked 
by the consolidation of the member- 
ship gathered and by conservative and 
constructive, rather than evangelistic, 
methods. The two pastors were Rev. 
William W. Patton, afterwards ed- 
itor of the Advance and President of 
Howard University, and Rev. Na- 
thaniel J. Burton. Dr. Burton's able 
preaching and noble personality at- 
tracted to the church very many 
cultured and resourceful people, but 
the church did not grow. Gradually 
through these twenty-five years the 
church had turned away from its 
original purpose and it ceased to be 
either democratic or evangelistic. 

To save the church for its present 
and future usefulness, it seems as if 
it was necessary that it should be 
brought into the direst straits. In 
1870, upon Dr. Burton's going to 
another church in the city, and the 
organization of a new church not far 
distant, so many of the resourceful 
families left that the old church was 
weakened almost to the point of 
despair, the remnant, however, in 
which were some courageous souls 
and a few people of moderate means 
did not despair, but rallied and held 
the church together until the new day 

To this church, in its discouraged 
and depleted condition, came Rev. 
Graham Taylor in 1880. Revising 
the roll he found but 281 members, 
including the sick, aged and absen- 
tees. For two years he worked along 
old lines, making no progress. In 
1884 in connection with the Fiftieth 
Anniversary, a new purpose was 
formed and the new era began. By 
the aid of the other churches, a float- 
ing debt of $8,500 was paid and a 
helper secured to devote himself to 

evangelistic work for individuals. The 
church then determined that it would 
no longer wait for those who might 
come and minister to it, by renting 
and filling its pews, but that it would 
henceforth live to minister to those 
whom it might serve. In a few 
months results began to appear, and 
from that time to this the church has 
been guided and inspired by its 
original purpose and progress has 
been unbroken. During these years, 
1,400 new members have been re- 
ceived. The church has to-day a 
membership of 1,000 and a Sunday 
School of nearly 1,400, including the 
Home Department and Cradle Roll. 

The Fourth Church has been often 
spoken of as one of the institutional 
churches of the country. It has been, 
and is, institutional in spirit, though 
it has never done many of the things 
usually associated with this type of 
church. It has had neither the rooms 
nor the means to maintain them, nor 
has there been a demand in the 
community, for such week-day class- 
es for instruction in a variety of sub- 
jects as have been maintained in many 
city churches. It has, with ever vary- 
ing method, done the things common 
in thousands of churches. It has al- 
ways wanted, has been continually 
going after and has tried to minister 
to people in all their varying needs, 
but first of all, to help them to possess 
the life provided for all in Christ 

The distinctive features of the 
activities of these later years are the 
Sunday evening service, the Yoke 
Fellows work, the music, and the Sun- 
day school. 

The Sunday Evening Service has 
been enriched by music, made popular 
and evangelistic. During some part 
of every year since 1884, this service 
has been concluded with an after- 
meeting. The congregations have 
often taxed the capacity of the 
church. They always do upon holi- 
days and special occasions. Through 
these services people are continually 
being brought into contact with the 





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church and into its membership. 


The most advertised feature of the 
Fourth Church in the early part of 
this period was its rescue work in con- 
nection with the Yoke Fellows Band. 
Through these, now more than twenty 
years, the hand of help has always 
been held out to men in the thralldom 
of the drink habit, and others who 
have wandered far into sin. In the 
Yoke Fellows room, added to the 
Chapel in 1887, have been held al- 
ways two meetings a week, and some- 
times more, always well attended, in 
which have gathered, and still gather, 
not only men and women who have 
found Christ, and who love the place 
of prayer and testimony, but those 
who want help to the life of liberty in 

It often happens that months go by 
in which there is not a Tuesday even- 
ing meeting in which there are not 
one or more new people who have 
come to seek help into the Christian 
life. No account has ever been kept 
of numbers, but it is safe to say that 
more than a thousand different men 
have found Christian help in that 
room, hundreds of whom we know to 
have lived and some of them died, 
bearing a triumphant witness to the 
Christ who saves. 

The volume and effectiveness of 
this work does not decrease. It was 
never more prospered in respect of 
r nmbers and results than now. 


In 1894 the officers of the church 
determined to substitute, in place of a 
paid quartette, a chorus choir and to 
make the music of the church an in- 
tegral part of its spiritual ministry, 
the office of Choirmaster one of the 
spiritual offices of the church, and 
that the man chosen to this office 
should not only be a competent 
musician, but also a Christian man 
who could receive ordination similar 
to that given to the deacons. 

A leader having these qualifications 

was found, who was ordained to his 
office in March, 1904. An efficient 
chorus choir was established, with 
one paid soloist. This plan has been 
continued since with the greatest 
satisfaction and the very best results. 
The present Choirmaster, Mr. Ralph 
Lyman Baldwin, was ordained to that 
office February 8, 1905, by an impres- 
sive service in which a number of 
prominent musicians took part. 

A choir of sixty voices is maintain- 
ed, which, besides full work at each 
service, renders in special services the 
great oratorios. Four other choirs of 
boys, girls, young men and young 
women, numbering in all over 100, 
are also maintained. Music is cul- 
tivated not only as a culture, but as a 
means of soul development, of spirit- 
ual growth. It is also found to be an 
unequalled power for attraction and 
impression in the church services. 
The four carol choirs sing on special 
occasions, usually as often as once a 
month in a Sunday Service, and give 
week-day carol concerts. The church 
choir was provided with gowns in the 
year 1905 which they wear at all serv- 


The other most prominent feature 
of the recent development of the 
church's life is the Sunday school. 
During all these years the church has 
had a good and an average large Sun- 
day school. Two years ago the pas- 
tor secured an assistant, to have 
especial charge of the Sunday school, 
who had had unusual experience in 
Sunday school work. Through the 
methods introduced by him and the 
influence of his personality, the 
school immediately began to grow, 
and a new and ever deepening and 
widening interest in its work to be 
awakened. This process of growth 
and increasing interest still continues 
as the statistics given below will show, 
and there is no reason evident why 
the same methods will not continue to 
bring similar results, since they are in 
every respect conservative. The aim 


has been and is to introduce only 
right pedagogical methods, to enlist 
the interest of the boys and girls, 
young people and adults, bv adapting 
the life and work of the school to the 
interests of those in each department, 
the pupils being grouped in depart- 
ments according to their age interests, 
and by making everything done true 
and vital to the life of every pupil. 

The average attendance for the year 
1904 was 271. The average attend- 
ance for the year 1905 was 402. The 
enrollment October 1, 1904, was 566. 
The enrollment January 1, 1906, was 


The gain during 1906 was steady 
and large. The enrollment January 
1, 1907 was 

In the Main School 683 

Cradle Roll 140 

Home Department 510 

Names Counted twice 13 

Total Enrollment 1320 

During January and February, 
1907, 106 new members were enrolled. 

Special attention has been given to 
the Home Department and the Cradle 
Roll because it has been found that 
these are the simplest and most ef- 
fective agencies by which the church 
can establish a relation with homes 
and parents. 

The church has thus established re- 
lations, through its Sunday school 
membership, with about 450 families 
not otherwise connected with the 


The growth of the church in mem- 
bership has not been as rapid as the 
number of accessions would seem to 
warrant. Since January 1, 1889, the 
church has added 1,345 members. Its 
membership then was 460. The mem- 
bership December 20, 1906, was but 
965. In the ten years January 1, 1896, 
to January 1, 1906, there were added 
625. During these years the losses by 
death, dismissed and revision of the 
roll were 483. The net gain for these 
ten years was but 142, that is, 23 per 
cent, of the accessions. In 1906 the 
accessions have been 80 ; the losses by 
death 11, by dismissal 33, by revision 
of roll 57, a total of 10 1, so that the 


membership reported January i, 1907, 
was 31 less than last year. These 
figures impressively exhibit the fact 
of the changing constituency of the 
church. It has ministered through 
these latter years at least, and is 
ministering to-day in considerable part 
to a procession. That is, the people 
who come to the church in very few 
instances own their homes ; they come 
and go. Did the church not receive 
constant and large accessions, it would 
rapidly decline. These facts show 
with what emphasis this is also true, 
viz. : that in order to win these new 
members and minister to a shifting 
population several workers are ab- 
solutely necessary, and the mainten- 
ance of an intense, alert, attractive 
and aggressive church life. It is be- 
cause the pastor has had an efficient 
corps of helpers during the last two 
years, made possible by gifts from 
members of other churches, that the 
increase of these years has been at- 

This is in brief outline the story of 
seventy-five years. God let this 
church almost die that He might save 
it. It could not have been saved had 
not its original purpose been recover- 

ed, and it would not have prospered 
if pastor and people had not loyally 
held to and been held up by this pur- 

There are scores of churches in 
which far more remarkable things are 
being done. But that is just why this 
story is of value. Its women have 
organized and worked only as women 
usually work. The men have done 
less in men's organizations than is 
done in many churches. The young 
people have maintained a live Chris- 
tian Endeavor Society. We have 
simply been at it all the time, every 
year, and every month of the year, 
trying to help as many people as pos- 
sible in as many ways as possible. No 
form of organization has been con- 
sidered fixed, instead, our methods 
are perpetually changing. Organiza- 
tion is only co-operative endeavor. 

We have tried never to be spas- 
modic, never conventional, always 
awake to the use of opportunity. We 
have tried to have the preaching vital, 
the music alive with a true devotional 
and evangelistic motive ; we have 
tried to make every service and all 
the life of the church count for the 
most to lay hold of every life for 



Christ and start it in Christian serv- ed in her child. The Fourth Church 

ice at once. has not used a method or witnessed a 

Altogether the most effective single result which are not possible in any 

agency used is the Sunday school, and city. 

the most effective departments of the Have we succeeded ? Looking back 
sunday school to get hold of people, over almost two decades, I see more 
and bring their homes into touch with failure than success. Not once has 
the church and to open a natural, easy all the church been alive to its real 
way for the church to carry its business. Not once have the pastor 
ministry and message into homes are and his helpers wrought as they 
the Home Department and the Cradle might have in the power of the Holy 
Roll. We have not done a thing, except- Spirit. But God has blessed us be- 
ing our music in part, that cannot be yond our faith and will bless every 
done everywhere by any church where minister and every church that is sur- 
there are people. The downtown rendered to do His will. I believe it 
church problem is a hard one, but is His will that our cities should be 
people everywhere are hungry for saved and that the one agency ap- 
love, for real fellowship, for the real pointed for this greatest enterprise is 
Gospel message, for Christ. The the church, and there has never been 
heart of every mother responds to the a day when great victories can be won 
people and the church that is interest- more easily than now. 

An Open Letter From The President 

A Concrete Example in City Evangelization 

To the Editorial Secretary : — 

1 UNDERSTAND that you are to print in the April Home Missionary 
some account of the Fourth Church, Hartford, in viezv of the celebration 

recently of its Seventy-Fifth Anniversary. I cannot forbear sending you a 
special word to accompany that account. The history of the renaissance of 
that church in the last twtenty-five years, its fruitful ministry to the City of 
Hartford and its emergence from a moribund condition to such splendid vigor 
as it has shown through these later years, is one of the finest testimonies to the 
opportunities in city evangelisation, under conspicuous pastoral leadership and 
the devotion of a consecrated people, which the annals of our churches contain. 
1 have been familiar with the story of its progress throughout this period, and 
it has been a constant source of personal inspiration that so much could be done 
under such difficult conditions. While zve are agonising over our great cities, 
marveling what the future has in store for us and for them, in view of their 
enormous growth and their complicated problems, asking ourselves what we 
may do for them, and praying fervently for divine aid, God has written by His 
grace the story of such a church as this, that He might through it give us a 
practical demonstration of what can be done, and call us all to go and do like- 

Here is a Christian enterprise, twenty-five years ago decadent, presenting 
in an aggravated form the problem of the down-tozvn church, lacking resources, 
popular notice and any great numerical strength, which, under the wise and ag- 
gresive leadership of Graham Taylor and Henry H. Kelsey, courageous, master- 
ful, optimistic, devoted men. seeking not their ozvn glory but the extension of 
the Kingdom of God, has become an institution of the most unique value and 
of the most extraordinary fruitfulness. 

The foundation stones of its enlarged life have been earnest evangelism, 


openhearted friendliness for all sorts and conditions of men, and practical 
organization under eminently wise leadership. It has gone out into the high- 
ways and byways of the city, in the love of Christ, to constrain men to come in. 
It has welcomed the prodigal son from the far country ; it has searched for the 
lost sheep; it has fed the hungry, clothed the naked, visited the sick, and gone 
into the prison with the messages of divine love. It has been the friend of the 
friendless, the hope of the despairing, the support of the weak, the messenger 
of light to those that sat in darkness. It has preached good tidings to the poor, 
bound up the broken hearted, proclaimed liberty to the captives and the open- 
ing of the prison to them that were bound. It is a noble example of the joyful 
discharge of the divine commission, "Go ye into all the world" — the world of 
human want and woe. No man can number the thousands zvho have come 
under its influence nor measure the real zvorth of its wide ministries; but for 
such a church we may surely anticipate the commendation of the Master — "In- 
asmuch as ye did it unto one of these my brethren, even these least, ye did it 
unto me." 

And all this great ministry is a demonstration of the mighty power of the 
idea which lies back of it. It has done a vast work zvith very little means with- 
in its ozvn membership. I doubt if there has been in all the twenty-five years a 
single person in its membership who, according to the modern standard, could 
be esteemed wealthy, and very few, if any, who could be called even zvell-to-do. 
The drift of the residence portion of the city is far awtoy from its location. 
Through this movement it has lost not only means, but laymen qualified as 
leaders, and yet it has constantly groivn in strength. It has literally "made 
bricks without straw." It has been a marvel of economy on the one hand and 
of efficiency on the other. It has gone out into the city and gathered assistance 
beyond its own membership ; and yet it spends to-day-upon what is strictly its 
own work only about half of that usually expended to carry on the ministries 
of our larger city churches, and this although it has multiplied its zvorkers and 
broadly extended its service in many directions. 

Moreover, while maintaining this zvork of ministry to the poor and the out- 
cast, it has kept a high standard in the dignity of its zvorship, and has developed 
notably the service of the finest music. As it stands to-day, with its multiform 
efforts, its great membership — a harvest zvrested from an apparently unpromis- 
ing soil — zvith its noble leadership, its warm evangelism, its Yoke Fellozvs' 
Band, its effective, grozving Sunday school, it is well-nigh an ideal for a great 
People's Church. It has recently purchased ground and desires to erect thereon 
a building at an estimated cost of $55,000. Hartford Congregationalism, ex- 
ceptionally intelligent, strong and resourceful, may be, presumably, counted up- 
on to furnish this noble enterprise, zitfiich has so thoroughly demonstrated its 
value, zvith the funds required. That city of zvealth and culture has often 
shown its devotion to high civic ideals by generous provision for its public in- 
stitutions, and it certainly cannot be long before men zvill recognize that such a 
church has as great a claim to large endozvment as the hospital or the library 
or any other philanthropic enterprise, and they zvill put in its hand resources to 
multiply its workers, to extend its influence, and to give the largest pozver to 
all its ministries. 

But, as the President of our Home Missionary Society, I desire to call the 
attention of all, and particularly of those to whom the Lord has entrusted the 
stores of zvealth, to this concrete example of the mission of the Gospel to the 
masses in our great cities. Here is exactly a type of church zvhich our Family 
of the Faith must develop if it is to stand for aggressive Christianity and to do 
its share in the redemption of our cities. Where could great gifts more surely 
bring large fruit for the Kingdom of Christ than in maintaining in the cities 


such centers of evangelism? What institution could more fittingly administer 
such funds than our Congregational Home Missionary Society, placing them 
from year to year at strategic points? 

This great organisation was brought into being for this very purpose, to 
supplement our polity of the independent church by enabling the churches to 
act together in evangelising our land. Hozv largely have we lost sight of this 
great purpose! How far have zve neglected to utilise this instrument ! How- 
many churches under this over-zvorked doctrine of independence, once noble 
fountains of blessing, are nozv steadily diminishing the stream of their influence, 
or have actually dried up altogether, because of failing resources! Hozv often 
we have left such a church merely to care for itself, facing an impossible ] task, 
and virtually by our neglect saying that it zvas no care of ours! In the City of 
Hartford, a strong center of Christian benevolence, the Fourth Church has 
found a helpful ally; but in how many cases local enterprise is either indifferent 
or insufficient to master a difficult situation, and our work is limping or halting 
altogether for lack of aggressive, resourceful aid! Given the right leadership, 
such as the Congregational Home Missionary Society is certain to command, 
and given adequate means, we could, beyond question, produce results in other 
cities, at least reasonably commensurate zvith those of the Fourth Church. We 
should discover, as in that notable instance, that many a spot, which looked up- 
on the surface most unpromising, was after all ready for the good seed, if not 
indeed white to the harvest. 

The zvork in Hartford has been done by men whose supreme devotion to 
the cause has not permitted any blare of trumpets or boastful statement of 
statistics, but their works ate the testimony to the churches of the productive 
value of a noble faith in the message of the Gospel in its application to the deep- 
est needs of those who drift to the heart of the city life. May not that which 
has been frequently called "The Nezv Era in Home Missions" be signalised in 
its opening stages zvith the bestozvment of such resources as shall enable this 
Society to lay hold in this practical fashion of the mighty problem of our city 

It zvas publicly stated a few weeks ago that the amount expended in our 
American metropolis by the Congregational Home Missionary Society and 
other similar agencies, apart from the missions of certain local churches, was 
less than $9,000 a year. How trivial a sum! Can such an effort be character- 
ised as anything more than playing zvith the mighty problem? 

Have we not arrived at a time zvhen zve shall supplement our abstract ex- 
hortations and our comprehensive prayers zvith definite deeds in the revival of 
the drooping faith of the down-ttown church? Let not our Family of 
the Faith be zvithout a witness in the heart of every great city, wherever the 
field is open, and the kingdom needs a Church of the Lord Jesus Christ. 

Without diminishing in the least the zvork in the new towns of the West, 
or in the decadentt villages of Nezv England, or among the foreigners that come 
to our shores, let us not forget the spiritual destitution in many of the congested 
portions of our cities; that often our Christian efforts in [ that mighty sea of 
humanity, with their lack of masterful leadership and their puny resources, are 
utterly inadequate to the problem involved. And let the strong arm of our 
whole Household of Faith come to the rescue. No mission field, hozvever needy, 
in any corner of the earth to-day, can over-match the pathos or the imperative 
urgency of this call. Yours in the zvork of City Evangelisation, 

The Foreign Brethren of the City 

How to Serve Them 

By D. W. Waldron, D. D., 
Secretary of the Boston City Missionary Society 

A DEACON in one of the Boston 
Back Bay churches said to a 
friend the other day, "When I 
grow pessimistic from reading the 
daily papers, with their depressing 
record of crime and corruption, what 
book do you suppose I turn to for re- 
lief?" His friend replied, "Being a 
Bostonian you probablv find comfort 
in Browning, and being a deacon I 
hope you seek solace in the Bible." 
The man said that he consulted 
neither of these, but turned to the 
Boston Directory of Charities ! If 
the good man was cheered by consid- 
ering what is done in our city for the 
physical welfare of widows and 
orphans, for the deaf, dumb, blind and 
crippled, for the insane and mentally 
defective, for the sick, homeless and 
otherwise unfortunate, and for aliens 
equally with the native population, 
much more might he be heartened by 
pondering how this splendid service is 
supplemented by ministry to their 
spiritual needs. The annual reports 
of churches and other religious 
organizations tell what is done in this 
direction, but unfortunately the in- 
formation is not massed and classified 
as in the Directory of Charities. If it 
were, the book would be both a revela- 
tion and an inspiration. 

In the absence of such a compen- 
dium the Boston City Missionary So- 
ciety may be taken as one of many 
representations of the way Christian 
people are trying to fulfil their obliga- 
tions to those who come to us from 
other lands. For ninety years this So- 
ciety has carried on a "ministry at 
large" to the poor and neglected. 
What specific service has it rendered 

to foreigners? In reply it should be 
remembered that the immigration 
problem in Boston differs in one re- 
spect from other large cities. Until 
1847 we were a homogeneous people. 
Then the great famine in Ireland 
brought to our shores an army of 
half-starved peasants, and until 1880 
immigration to this port was pre- 
dominantly Irish. Since then the 
same mixed multitude has come here 
as to other cities. Yet the largest 
racial group is still Irish and, of 
course, Roman Catholic'. 

How far do Protestant influences 
reach this host? The answer, so far 
as the City Missionary Society is con- 
cerned, is encouraging. Some time 
ago it was found that there were 
gathered into churches, chapels and 
Sunday schools, or were receiving re- 
ligious instruction in their homes 
from missionaries, the following 
nationalities : 930 Germans, 804 
Swedes, 448 Irish, 342 Norwegians, 
203 Danes, 260 Jews, 181 French, 62 
Italians, 54 Armenians, 41 Swiss. 29 
Bohemians, 24 Greeks, 12 Hollanders, 
1 1 Poles, and several Welsh, Syrians 
and Finns. These figures represent 
an amount of personal service which 
is priceless in value. It has been the 
policy of the Society from the outset 
to lay strong emphasis upon individual 
effort and house-to-house visitation — 
upon what is called the "hand-picked" 

Preaching should be provided for 
foreigners in their own language 
whenever necessary, but the ultimate 
aim is to absorb them into our insti- 
tutions of religion, and not to estab- 
lish little Germanys, Chinas, Swedens, 



etc. An interesting case in point is 
that of a church organized for Hol- 
landers a few years ago. The time 
came, however, when it was said that 
there was only one person in the con- 
gregation who did not understand 
English, and the church was disband- 
ed. It was obviously unnecessary to 
continue a service for Hollanders in 
their own language. The strangers 
within our gates grasp the idea that 
Christian believers belong to one 
family, having God for a common Fa- 

ther, far more quickly if nationalities 
meet together than if they assemble 
separately. Sometimes the comming- 
ling is quite striking. For instance, 
at a mothers' meeting in one district, 
among the 142 mothers and children 
present were Norwegians, Swedes, 
Danes, Germans, English, Scotch, 
Irish, French and Armenians, besides 
Americans. Ten children representing 
eight nationalities were baptized. The 
scene was most impressive and gave a 
new meaning to Paul's words, "One 

D. W. WALDRON, D. D v 

Chaplain of the Massachusetts House of Representatives since 

1879 — Superintendent of the Boston City Missionary Society 

for the past thirty-five years 



Lord, one faith, one baptism." In 
another case, at a Christmas enter- 
tainment, there was a series of exhibi- 
tions showing how the day is observed 
in the following countries : Scotland, 
England, Africa, Italy, Norway, 
France, Switzerland, Germany, Hol- 
land and America. All who partici- 
pated were connected with the Sunday 
school, and there were others who 
could have represented Denmark, 
Russia, Ireland and Sweden. Jews 
were also present. Here was another 
cbject lesson in Christian unity. The 
bak't box teaches the foreigner that 
all men are free and equal politically. 
The church and Sunday school teach 
him the brotherhood of man and the 
fatherhood of God. 

Here are other object lessons in 
Christian unity. At Franklin Park 
over 1 200 people are gathered for a 
day's outing. A little Armenian boy, 
John Sanjian, approaches the writer, 
and says, "This scene reminds me of 
the Saviour feedinsr five thousand." 



He then takes a copy of the New 
Testament from his pocket and reads 
the account to me, with as much in- 
terest as if I had never heard the story 
before. This lad is now a member of 
one of our prominent Congregational 

The privileges of Rosemary Cottage 
at Eliot, Maine, where we send guests 
for two weeks during the summer, 
are accorded to mothers and children 
of various nationalities. We asked a 
little Norwegian boy, Morton Edwin 
Mathison, what he liked best at Rose- 
mary Cottage. Pointing to the Amer- 
ican flag, he said, "I like best to see 
that flag." Thus the love of Nor- 
wegians for the flag of their country 
inspired the little lad as he looked up- 
on the stars and stripes, and with the 
influences surrounding him we will 
hope he will be a loyal American citi- 

A mother and six children from a 
foreign land learned at the Cottage to 
sing the blessing used there. When 
the family returned and again gather- 
ed with father about their own scantily 
spread table, one of the children said, 
"Wait, papa, before we eat we must 
sine Sfrace," and three times each day 
all join in singing: 



"With Thy gsfts Thy grace bestow, 
Feed our souls with heavenly food, 
Help us worthily to show 
Gratitude for every good. 

In the strength which Thou dost give, 
Help us, Lord, henceforth to live; 
Make us know Thy perfect will — 
In our lives Thy life fulfill." 

"A little child shall lead them," and 
who shall measure the influence of 
this child in her home and on man- 

Seventeen years ago a litttle Ar- 
menian girl was brought into Sunday- 
school by a city missionary. Later 
she was graduated from Northfield 
Seminary, then from the Woman's 
Medical College in Philadelphia. She 
intended to return to her own people 
and work among them as a nurse, but 
this was not considered wise or safe 
under present conditions in Armenia, 
so she sailed last month for Sialkot, 
India, under the auspices of the 
United Presbyterian Board to pursue 
her profession as a physician among 
the women there. Her name is Dr. 
Agavie Gilbakian. 

An Italian and his family, brought 
up Roman Catholics, came to Boston. 
The father was sent to a Protestant 
Mission in search for work. He was 
told that the people there would pray 
for him. Soon after a kind man gave 
him a place for a fruit stand, free of 
charge. He felt that this was a direct 
answer to prayer. Later he lost most 
of his household goods by fire, and 
clothing and furniture were provided 
by the missionary. The kindness 
shown was a link in the chain that 
helped to draw the family to one of 
cur Chapels. He and his wife began to 
attend religious services, their five chil- 
dren came to Sunday school, and at 
length the father and mother and two 
eldest girls united with the church. 
The oldest daughter wished to become 
a missionary to the Italians, and, as 
far as she misrht be able, to carry on 
the work of her faithful friend, the 
missionary. She was sent to Mr. 
Moody's school at Northfield and 

later to New York to a training school 
to prepare for work among her 
countrymen. One result has been that 
most of her relatives have been led to 
attend the Protestant Church. 

Rev. C. R. Hager, M. D., a mission- 
ary in South China, states that with- 
out the financial, religious and moral 
help from the City Missionary So- 
ciety's school he fears the mission 
would have been given up. Money 
contributions of its Chinese school 
have amounted to nearly $4,000. 
What English-speaking Sunday 
school can match this record ? One 
pupil collected money in America 
among his countrymen, then went 
home and built the largest and best 
chapel in the interior of South China, 
and gave it to the American Board. 

There is no "yellow peril" when we 
follow the Golden Rule in our treat- 
ment of Asiatics. The method of the 
Boston City Missionary Society — 
personal service by Christian workers, 
of intelligence and devotion — suggests 
the true solution of the immigration 
problem. It is neither a menace nor 
an evil, but verily a "boon" if we re- 
member the words of the Lord Jesus, 
"All ye are brethren." 


The Kingdom Problem and the 
Downtown Church 

By Josiah Strong, D. D. 

WE ARE living in the midst of 
a great world transformation. 
These periods of change 
mark almost boundless opportunities ; 
they are the mighty hinges of history 
on which turn the destiny of states, 
nations and civilizations. 

Speaking broadly, the civilizations 
of the past have been rural and agri- 
cultural; those of the future are to 
be urban and industrial. Of course, 
there have been great cities in the past, 
and it goes without saying that as 
long as men are fed by the fruits of 
the soil, there will be agricultural in- 
terests and agricultural peoples. But 
it is nevertheless true that there is 
taking place a shifting of the balance 
between country and city — a change 
of opportunities, of power, of in- 
fluence. Already the cities possess 
that power which belongs to predom- 
inant wealth. In 1850, 56 per cent, of 
the wealth of the United States was 
rural, 44 per cent, urban. In forty 
years time, three-fourths of the 
wealth was urban, one-fourth was 
rural. While the wealth of rural dis- 
tricts was increasing four-fold, the 
wealth of the cities increased sixteen- 
fold. This is a commercial age. 
Wealth is increasing far more rapidly 
than population, and its power is in- 
creasing — touching every phase of 
life. That power belongs to the city. 
The power of the press is in the city. 
Here is the tree of the knowledge of 
good and evil (whose leaves are not 
altogether for the healing of the na- 
tions ; some of them are yellow and 
sere) — a tree that daily' sheds its 
leaves, which are carried as by the 
four winds of heaven into every 
hamlet. The press molds public 
opinion and all that that means in a 


In due time the city will have all the 
power which numbers signify in a 
democracy. As we are often told, at 
the beginning of the nineteenth cen- 
tury there were only six cities in the 
United States of 8,000 inhabitants or 
more ; at the end of that century, 517. 
In 1800 less than 4 per cent, of our 
population, our small population, 
lived in cities. In 1900 about 33 per 
cent, of our great population lived in 
cities. In England more than 70 per 
cent, are in cities. Not a few of my 
readers will live to see more than 
half our population urban. Many 
have, supposed that this disproportion- 
ate growth of the city in the United 
States was due to the peculiar con- 
ditions of a new civilization ; but a 
glance at Europe explodes that 
theory. The cities have grown there 
as rapidly as here. For fifty years 
Brussels outstripped New York. 
While our metropolis was adding 
3,000,000 to her population, London 
added 5,000,000 to hers. Many have 
supposed that this flowing tide from 
country to city was quite temporary 
and would soon ebb, but such have not 
studied its causes. Its principal 
causes are two: First, the revolution 
in transportation. Before the nine- 
teenth century it was very difficult to 
supply food and fuel for a "Teat pop- 
ulation. Cities have always been 
about as large as they could well be. 
There has been many a famine in the 
city when grain was rotting on the 
ground only a few leagues away. 
Now we bring food from the other 
side of the globe. The steamship and 
the railway make it possible to feed 
anv number of millions massed at one 
point. Because, man is a gregarious 


animal there has always been a tend- 
ency among men to segregate, and the 
revolution in transportation has lib- 
erated this inherent tendency of hu- 
man nature, so that to-day it is free 
to fulfill itself. 

The other great cause of the dis- 
proportionate growth of the city is 
the revolution in industry. The ap- 
plication of machinery to agriculture 
has driven multitudes from the farm. 
In 1870 there was one man engaged 
in farming for every seventeen acres 
cultivated. In 1890 there was one 
engaged in farming for every twenty- 
six acres cultivated. The improve- 
ment in machinery during these 
twenty years alone drove 4,430,000 
men, plus their families, off from the 

Again, the springing up of manu- 
factures in the city, creating a great 
demand for labor, stimulated this 
movement. Thus we see that the 
causes which have created this dis- 
proportionate growth of the cities' are 
permanent causes. Statistics show 
that for sixty years a steadily decreas- 
ing percentage of our population has 
been engaged in agriculture, and a 
steadily increasing percentage has been 
engaged in the mechanical and fine 
arts. These arts are prosecuted in the 
city. That means the disproportionate 
growth of the city. And this tendency 
of the past sixty years is to continue. 
This is quite in harmony with the 
well-known economic law called En- 
gel's Law. According to this law as 
the income of the famih r increases, 
that proportion of its budget devoted 
to food steadily decreases. Observe, 
I do not say that the amount, but the 
proportion, decreases. A man with an 
income of $100,000 does not eat one 
hundred times as much as a man whose 
income is $1,000, nor can he spend one 
hundred times as much on his table ; 
but he can spend one hundred times as 
much on houses and grounds, on 
furniture and pictures, on art and 
dress, on jewels and ornaments. That 
is to say, there is a necessary limit to 
the amount of food that the world 

can consume. There is no limit, ex- 
cept that of purse, to the consumption 
of the products of the mechanical and 
fine arts. Hence, as the world grows 
richer, a steadily decreasing propor- 
tion of the world's population will 
subsist by providing food ; and a 
steadily increasing proportion will 
gain their livelihood by the mechanical 
and fine arts, which are prosecuted in 
the city; which means the continued 
disproportionate growth of the city. 

Some people imagine that the many 
uncomfortable features of farm life 
drive the young men from the farm, 
and that if we could only make coun- 
try living delightful, we might reverse 
this tide and cause it to flow from the 
citv back to the country. My friends, 
there are thousands of people to-day 
living underground, not because they 
prefer the smut and the dark and the 
danger of the coal mine to the green 
earth and God's blue sky, but because 
there is a demand for coal ; and the 
number who live underground in this 
kind of life will be determined, 
whether it increases or decreases, by 
the increase or decrease of the demand 
for coal. Here is another economic 
law. The comfort or discomfort of 
an occupation does not determine the 
number who engage in it, but the 
kind of people who engage in it. If 
I could devote half an hour to this 
point, which we simply touch in pass- 
ing, I could fully convince you that 
the disproportionate growth of the 
city is not a temporary phenomenon. 
It must necessarily continue. I could 
demonstrate to you that when the 
world's demand for food is supplied, 
the farming population can increase 
only in proportion as the world's pop- 
ulation increases ; whereas the popula- 
tion sustaining itself by the mechanical 
and fine arts will increase as the 
world's population increases, multi- 
plied by the increase of wealth, which 
is increasing at an enormous rate. 
All this means, my friends, that we 
cannot evade the problems of the city. 
Many are trying to do it. "Back to 
the soil !" is a common and a fallacious 



cry. If we could take 100,000 men 
out of the slums and set them on the 
land and then make them successful, 
their success would be at the expense 
of 100,000 other men whom they 
would drive from the soil into the 
city. We should not thereby take 
one step towards the solution of the 
problem of the city. This problem 
must be faced, and the sooner we face 
it, the sooner we shall solve it and 
adjust ourselves to the new conditions 
of the new civilization. 

We have glanced at the inevitable 
problem of the city. Spend a moment 
in considering its complexities, its 
magnitude, its urgency. In cities we 
find a heterogeneous population. In 
every one of our large cities there are 
the representatives of at least fifty 
different countries. In New York 
there are sixty-six different languages 
spoken. Whatever burden immigra- 
tion places on our civilization is more 
than three times as great in the city 
as in the country at large. Do not 
misunderstand me to cast a slur upon 
the immigrant. As our Irish friends 
might say : Many of our best Amer- 
icans were not born in their native 
land ! They are Americans by choice ; 
most of us are Americans by accident ; 
and many a foreigner who has become 
an American puts us to shame by his 
patriotism. Let me repeat to you a 
few words from a letter which I read. 
That letter was written by a young 
man who came to this country young 
enough to get the advantages of our 
public schools and then took a course 
in Columbia University. After 
graduation he wrote: "I am now at 
the age of twenty-one a free American 
citizen, and I have but one great desire 
in life and that is to do something for 
my fellowmen, so that when I am 
called to leave the world I may leave 
it a bit the better." That young man 
was a Russian Jew, and, my friends, 
that Russian was a better American, 
that Jew was a better Christian, than 
many a descendant of the Pilgrim Fa- 
thers who is living a selfish life. Here 
is splendid raw material, but it must 

be Americanized. If we do not Amer- 
icanize the foreigners in our cities, 
they will foreignize the city and so 
foreignize our civilization. 

In the city the problem of poverty 
is accentuated. As a rule, the greater 
the city, the more desperate is the 
poverty. In the city the problem of 
vice and crime is emphasized. For in 
a given city population there are more 
crime and vice than in the same pop- 
ulation in the country districts. In 
the city the oroblem of popular dis- 
content is emphasized. There Dives 
and Lazarus stand face to face. There 
we find the ennui of surfeit and the 
desperation of starvation. It is in the 
city that we find the opportunity for 
destruction, for there wealth is piled 
story upon story. My friends, 
neither sulphur, nor salt oeter, nor 
charcoal, taken separately, is explos- 
ive, but combined they make gun- 
powder. Opportunity for destruction 
where there is no temptation is not 
dangerous ; poverty is not revolution- 
ary when it is governed by conscience. 
Vice and crime are not revolutionary 
when they are quite comfortable, but 
wickedness and wretchedness and op- 
portunity combined make social dyna- 
mite of which the magazine is the city 
slum, awaiting only a casual spark to 
burst into terrific destruction. 

Evidently our cities are the tainted 
spots in our civilization. I need not 
argue that the Church and the home 
are the two great conserving institu- 
tions of society. What of them? Are 
they growing proportionately with the 
city's growth? If I might take the 
time, I could show you by statistics 
that the churches are falling far be- 
hind the growth of' the population of 
our cities. I might also show you that 
as cities grow larger the proportion of 
homes decreases, while the hotel and 
restaurant population increases. The 
majority of men on the farms own 
their homes. When you come to 
cities the size of Boston, 18 per cent, 
only own their homes. In Manhattan, 
only 6 per cent, own their homes. 

Here is the problem of the King- 


dom, so far as the city is concerned. 
It is to save the city by bringing men 
into harmony with all the laws of 
God, physical, mental, moral and social, 
as well as spiritual. When men every- 
where are thus brought into harmony 
with the laws of God, the Kingdom 
will have come. The Kingdom can- 
not come without the salvation of the 
city. Here, then, is the great evange- 
listic problem of the twentieth cen- 
tury; saving the city. I believe, my 
friends, that for the solution of that 
problem the old evangelism is quite 
unequal. If Mr. Moody could again 
clothe himself with flesh and under- 
take our problem of city evangeliza- 
tion, and if he should speak to 1,000 
different souls every night of the 
year, never taking a vacation, it would 
be eighty years before he could get 
around once, and then the city pop- 
ulation would have increased 200 or 
300 per cent, and there would be two 
or three times as many who had not 
heard his message as when he began. 
If we could have twenty Moodys and 
they spoke to 20,000 different souls 
every night in the year, and if the 
cities could and would arrest their 
growth, then our city population 
might hear the Gospel message once 
in four years. 

When the Fourth Church, Hart- 
ford was born out of evangel- 
istic fervor, seventy-five years ago, 
the old evangelism was adapted 
to existing conditions, for then most 
people had been instructed in Chris- 
tian truth and the great object of 
preaching was to bring such stimulus 
to bear upon the conscience and the 
will as to induce men to act upon that 
which they knew and acknowledged 
to be true, knew and acknowledged to 
be their duty. To-day an entirely 
different situation exists in the city, 
especially the 'downtown portions of 
the city. Here are multitudes wholly 
uninstructed. Other multitudes have 
been misinstructed. They have no 
knowledge of Christian truth. To 
what purpose does a man come and 
deliver his message for a week or two? 

The whole conception of life of these 
people must be transformed. That 
can be done only by long persistent, 
daily, living contact with them. It is 
a far easier thing for a church to hire 
an evangelist for a few weeks, let him 
move on, and then, after a few weeks,, 
lapse into their accustomed inactivity,, 
than it is for a church, day after day,, 
week after week, year after year to 
live in vital touch with the multitude, 
giving them new conceptions of life. 
We need not more evangelists, but 
more evangelistic churches, more pas- 
tors, more laymen who are burning 
with evangelistic fervor ; burning with 
the love of humanity. We need 
churches possessed of the spirit of this 
Church, the spirit of service which has 
characterized it during these last 
twenty-five years. I believe, my 
friends, that an institutional, or what 
is, I think, a better term, the social- 
ized church, is fully equal to the salva- 
tion of the downtown city, but it must 
be adequately equipped. Such church- 
es cost much more than the old family 
church. Brethren, are we to provide 
the means? Why, our Congregational 
Churches are giving actually less 
through all church channels for Home 
Missions and Foreign Missions than 
they gave ten years ago. Meanwhile 
the wealth of the country has enor- 
mously increased. If Congregation- 
alists have secured their due share — 
and I would be greatly surprised if 
they had not — they are $240,000,000 
richer to-day than they were ten years 
ago, and yet they are giving less 
through these regular channels of 
charity. My brethren, we have been 
dreaming about City Evangelization. 
It is high time we were out of bed 
and at work. 

But I should misrepresent myself if 
I left on your minds the impression 
that there is any occasion for panic. 
I believe, with all my heart, that the 
Kingdom of God is coming in the 
world. I believe that the sun sets on 
a better world every night. I believe 
that we are fully equal to solving the 
problem of the city if we will but open 



our eyes to recognize it and open our 
hearts and hands to meet it. I believe 
that we have the guarantee of that 
Book that the city is to be saved. 
Turn to the beginning of it ; there we 
see man in a garden. It is a vision of 
perfect beauty, perfect simplicity, 
perfect innocence, of unfallen because 
of untried virtue. We turn to the 
closing pages of this Book, and again 
we see a picture of man perfected. 
In prophetic vision we behold not the 
beauty of innocence, but the beauty of 
holiness; not the insecure peace of 
virtue untried, but the established 
peace of virtue victorious. In this 

first picture we see individualistic 
man ; in this last picture we see social- 
ized man. In the first, unfallen man 
sustains right relations to his Maker ; 
in the last, redeemed man has come 
into right relations with God and with 
his fellows. The beginning of this 
wondrous drama of human life is in 
a garden ; its consummation is in a 
city. The perfected crown of civiliza- 
tion, the full coming of the Kingdom 
of God in the earth is typified by a 
city, a holy city, into which shall enter 
nothing unclean or that maketh a lie. 
Paradise lost* was a garden; Paradise 
regained will be a citv. 

Ruin and Rescue 

By Rev. William T. Elsing 
Pastor of DeWitt Memorial Church, New York 

broken-hearted woman on the 
top floor of a large tenement 
house, cried out to her husband: "I 
hope I'll be dead next Christmas, be- 
cause when Christmas comes and 
everybody is happy, you make my 
life doubly wretched by your drunken 
conduct!" He cursed her and rushed 
downstairs and into the street. 

The woman determined she would 
end her life that very night. She 
lushed to the window, threw open the 
sash and was about to dash herself on 
the stone pavement five stories below, 
when suddenly she gave a shriek ; her 
frightened children ran to her, and 
clung to her skirts. "Look! look! 
children, what is that?" The frighten- 
ed children and the despairing mother 
fixed their eyes upon a cross of fire 
and eagerly gazed upon that symbol 
of redeeming love standing out against 
the black outline of the sky. The 
woman called to a neighbor across the 
hall. "Look at that; what is the 
meaning of that wonderful sign in the 
heavens?" The neighbor replied, "O, 
that is nothing but the cross on the 
City Mission Church in Rivington 
Street; they are celebrating Christ- 
mas and have lisrhted the cross." The 

woman replied, "Well, it is the voice 
and vision of God to me. I was about 
to do an awful thing, and that cross 
stopped me." The next Sunday even- 
ing she was at the mission. Hope and 
faith came into her life. She began 
to work and pray for her husband, and 
soon the whole family united with 
the church. 



In this brief incident we have 
vividly illustrated the ruin and rescue 
work, which is continually going on 
in our great cities and all over our 
land. Sin abounds but grace much 
more abounds. Ruin is wide-spread, 
but rescue work is going on by day 
and by night. No one who has even 
a limited knowledge of the work, 


which is being accomplished can for 
a moment despair as to the final out- 
come. Sometimes along the banks of 
a river we have seen the current ap- 
parently going up stream, but it is 
only a deceitful eddy. Just as surely 
as the great outward course of the 
river is flowing to the sea, so certain 
is the Kingdom coming among men. 




"Do you know who God is?" 

Sin is working ruin, but God's grace, 
made effective through the ministra- 
tions of his children, is working 
miracles today. 

Saturday night has come, a poor 
working man is on his way home with 
his wages in his pocket, but his waver- 
ing feet and divided heart carry him 
to a low saloon instead of his humble 
home. In the course of an evening's 
carousal he gets into a drunken fight. 
His money is gone ; his clothing is 
torn ; his face is bruised, and after 
fiercely fighting with. the officers, he is 
finally thrown on the floor of a cell in 
a station house. No rescuing hand 
saves this poor drunkard ; the half- 
starved wife and children suffer in 
silence until a merciful death releases 
the poor woman from her troubles. 
The two oldest boys become waifs of 
the street. There is every possibility 
that they will become wild Ishmaelites 
in the city wilderness, but a kind, lov- 
ing, Christian heart finds the street 
Arabs and a rescuing hand is extend- 
ed to them and their confidence is 
won. Their names are Willie and 

Johnnie. After a few kindly words, 
Willie, the older lad, is asked if he 
knows who the Saviour is? There is 
a vacant bewildered look on his face, 
and he replies :' "I never heard about 
that man." He is then asked, "Do 
you know who God is ?" And the lad 
immediately replies, "Yes, I know God 
is the man who, if you says a few 
words to Him before you go to sleep, 
He won't hurt you in the night." In 
a great Christian city that is all poor 
Willie knows about our loving Father. 
It is not enough to give a few 
scripture verses to Willie and Johnnie. 
It will take thought and effort, but 
the rescue work is effectively pursued, 
and Willie and Johnnie with a number 
of other lads, are ready to leave the 
crowded district of the great city to 
find a home in the great and wonder- 
ful western country. On the morning 
when the lads are ready to start, a 
photograph of the group is taken. 
None of these lads have Saratoga 
trunks with which to burden the bag- 
gage men. All their worldly goods 
are wrapped up in brown paper. 
There is, however, one lad, who car- 
ries a box with a lock large enough 
for a safe deposit company. When he 
is asked what peculiar treasure he 


Rendezvous under New York Pier 



carries in the mysterious box, he al- 
lows you to take a peep at a happy 
family of white mice. They have 
shared his loneliness, misery and 
hunger in the city wilderness and now 
that he is going to the land of plenty 
in the far West, he is determined that 
his pets shall share in his good for- 

If the rescuing hand is stretched out 
to the needy children at the right 
time marvelous changes are speedily 
wrought. Before the inspection of 
our immigrants was as strict as it 
is now, a city missionary found a boy 
with a remarkable history in a Bowery 
lodging-house. Every night between 
Chatham Square and Cooper Union 
along the Bowery, about ten thou- 
sand men find their homes in lodging- 
houses. The missionary has free ac- 
cess to them, and in many of the 
houses is permitted to hol'd religious 
services. One night he found a fine 
young English lad. The boy had 
lived with his widowed mother in 
London. She was an invalid and un- 
able to earn anything. The boy was 

her only support and she was his only 
friend. One day he came home to the 
attic and found his mother dead. He 
was so frightened that he ran out into 
the street. When he came back later 
his mother's body was gone. The boy 
wandered from London to Liverpool, 
and slipped unobserved on to a 
steamer, and in a half-starved condi- 
tion made his appearance when the 
steamship was far out at sea. Through 
the kindness of the officers he was al- 
lowed to lanl and the missionary 
found him in a Bowery lodging-house. 
The rescue work was immediately 
begun and the missionary took the lad 
to his own home. A hot bath, a suit 
of clothes, and good food made a great 
change in the lad's appearance. After 
a few days a home was found for 
Johnnie in the West, and the mission- 
ary asked his young friend to offer up 
a parting prayer. Johnnie persisted, 
that, although he had learned a great 
deal from his new friend, it was im- 
possible for him to say a prayer. The 
missionary said, "You can write one. 
Here is paper, just write your prayer 





and it will be just as good." The lad 
wrote a brief prayer, which showed 
how completely he had absorbed the 
spiritual teaching of his new-found 
friend. He is now a young farmer 
happy and prosperous in the West. 
If absolutely nothing had been done 
for him he might have joined a 
growler gang or a band of young 
toughs, which is not generally broken 
up until the majority of the members 
become criminals and are lodged in 
the penitentiary. 

The forces spreading ruin are 
strong and continually active ; rescue 
forces must bestir themselves and be 
continually on the alert as to the best 
way of saving men from the destroy- 
ing power of evil. The churches have 
been too much like dispensaries that 
are always glad to treat those that are 
in distress if thev will only apply. 
Now the great difficulty is that many- 

are on the verge of ruin do not know 
just when and where to apply, and 
many more have no strong inclination 
to be helped. Lost men are a good 
deal like people, who are freezing to 
death, they will not come to you for 
life, but they will not spurn you if you 
come to them. Our churches are 
frequently like big ships and they 
cannot quickly move into the little 
rivers, where men are perishing. We, 
therefore, need small rescue missions 
for the purpose of saving those that 
are sinking in sin. 

The rescue mission is the best place 
to get men converted, but a poor place 
to train men in Christian life and 
work. With this thought in mind I 
organized in connection with our 
church a movable mission. I hired 
two rooms in a court where forty 
families were living. I did not want 
to call the place a "mission," I could 
not very well call it a cathedral. I 
therefore simply named it "The White 
Rose" because that did not mean any- 
thing. I had an artist friend and he 
painted a beautiful white rose on a 
piece of tin on a red background. 
When we were all ready to begin 
operations I nailed the White Rose 
sign over the door and sent a wagon 

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load of chairs and a small organ to the 
rooms. When the people in the court 
saw all those chairs and not a pot, pan, 
stove or feather-bed among them, 
every woman in the court had a big 
interrogation point in her head. They 
were not long left in ignorance. 
When the chairs and organ were in 
place, I sent a card decorated with a 
white rose to every tennant in the 
court. The card contained the follow- 
ing invitation: "Come to the White 
Rose this afternoon at half-past two 

At the opening hour the rooms were 
crowded. We began with coffee and 
cake, because no saloon in our neigh- 
borhood is ever opened without free 
refreshments. When the coffee and 
cake had been dispatched a big wom- 
an tried to get out and everybody be- 
gan to shift, because we were so close- 
ly packed together. I said, "Won't 
you please wait a little. I will read 
something from the good Book." Just 
as I started to read the parable of the 
rich man and Lazurus, a woman sit- 
ting close to me put her hand vigor- 
ously on my arm and said : "Look 

here, sir, do you think it is right?" 1 
saw there was fire in her eyes, but 
calmly replied, "I am going to read the 
Bible, don't interrupt me." She an- 
swered, "But do you think it is right, 
sir, for that woman to blackguard 
me?" I said, "Please let me read, and 
when we are through I will hear what 
you have to say." I read the wonder- 
ful parable about the two lives, two 
deaths, and two eternities of the rich 
man and the beggar. Oh ! the luxury 
of preaching Christ to ears unaccus- 
tomed to the Gospel story, and hearts 
hungry for heavenly bread. A death- 
like stillness began to pervade the 
room, heads were bowed, hearts were 
touched, tears were falling. I closed 
by saying, "If any of you women 
want to turn over a new leaf; if you 
want to start for heaven and bring 
your husbands and children along 
with you, and if you want me to say 
a word to Him who is above us all for 
you, please raise your hands." 
Reverently, but spontaneously as if 
moved by the spirit of God, every 
woman asked to be prayed for. After 
the prayer I turned to the woman 

Hfe^^KX fTO 





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Courtesy of Baptist City Missionary Society 


Courtesy of Baptist City Missionary Society 


nearest me and said, "My good wom- 
an, what was it you wanted to say to 
me?" She replied, "Never mind, sir, 
I have as bad a tongue in my head as 
any woman in this house ; it was more 
my fault than her fault. It is all 

That was the way the meetings be- 
gan and we kept them up for six 
months. In the afternoon at two 
thirty o'clock the mothers filled the 
rooms; at four o'clock the children, 
and in the evening we had as fine a 
lot of young toughs as any man could 
possibly desire for an audience. It 
was all virgin soil. After six months, 
when the warm weather came on we 
gave up the mission and invited our 
converts to the church. The next fall 
we started in another locality, but 
within walking distance of our 
church. The new mission we called 
"The Light House," and the work 
was as successful as at the "White 
Rose." It is not possible for any one 
to be in two places at the same time. 
The work at the church demanded my 
attention and I could not be at all the 
meetings held at the "White Rose." I 
therefore went to Mr. Moody's school 
at Mt. Hermon and told the boys that 

I wanted them to select one of their 
number to come and work in the 
"White Rose." I offered to supply 
half the salary if the boys would sup- 
ply the remainder. They did so with 
enthusiasm. One noble fellow, who 
did not have a cent in the world, sub- 
scribed twenty-five dollars and worked 
six weeks on the school farm during 
his vacation and paid his subscription. 
If every Christian had that spirit the 
Kingdom would come with leaps and 

The young man the students sent 
me remained with us two years. The 
experience was as good for him as for 
us. Skipping college and seminary 
the training acquired in actual work 
made him a successful minister of the 
Gospel. In the life of this young 
student the work of ruin and rescue is 
wonderfully well illustrated. A few 
days after he came to the work, he 
said, "None of them knew it, not one 
of them has any knowledge of it; but 
as a little boy I wandered with bare 
feet and a hungry stomach through 
these very streets. 

This noble lad, who had been 
saved from ruin, became the rescuer 
of his own father. 

The City's Need 

From Center to Circumference 

By Mary K. Hyde 

"O, the little birds sang east, and the little birds sang west. 

And I smiled to think God's greatness Hows around our incompleteness, 

Round our restlessness — His rest." 

THE DIVERSITY of opportunity for mission work in the Island of Man- 
hattan may be indicated by the four points of the compass: 

At the extreme north, a pleasure resort frequented from early spring 
until late autumn by thousands of people of all nationalities who come daily, 
but especially on Sundays, for a "good time." 

At the exereme south, piers entered by vessels from every port in the world 
bringing sailors of all races and religions. 

On the east, little Italy, with its hundreds of thousands of Italians: 
On the zvest, Hell's Kitchen with its mixed population of blacks and whites. 
Everywhere else, Jews, Germans, Irish, Syrians, Chinese, French, Span- 
iards, and an occasional American! And of the whole, only a small fragment 
reckoned as church goers. 

What encouragment do Christian workers find among such varied and 
unusual environments? 


A blare of music from a steam organ rends the air, meeting in discord 
another blare from its opposite rival a metallic band. Shouts of hundreds of 
"barkers" are heard on every side above the chatter and din of hilarious plea- 
sure seekers. Lights dazzle and Hare from "grottoes," "galleries," and "mazes." 

Hans and Gretchen drink beer in a rustic arbor, Romeo and Juliet hav& 
their pictures taken, young men and maids roll riotously on skates, small chil- 
aren ride on the merry-go-rounds, while high in the air outlined against the 
sky by brilliant electric lights' ride the adventerous ones who trust themselves 
to the Ferris Wheel or the Circling Swing. 

It is Fort George on a Saturday or Sunday evening in summer time. It is 
Bedlam, it is Pandemonium. 

The young seeking pleasure, the middle-aged seeking novelty, the aged 
seeking rest; the thoughtless, the restless, the reckless — all are here. 

Permits to preach have been granted, and it has been proven that many 
who came seeking pleasure learn to "delight themselves also in the Lord;" 
many zvho come to forget their heart-aches find Flim who says to them, "Come 
unto Me and I will give you rest:" and others ri&ting in dissipation learn that 
"though their sins be as scarlet they shall be as white as snozv." 

It is said that many a man gives his heart to Christ in an open air meeting 
and goes to church the next Sunday for the first time in many years. 

"What peezness do you here?" queries the Hebrew. "What haf you to 
sell? Nothing to sell? You gives azvay zvhat you have for nothings. Eempos- 

He stops to hear of a free religion, zvithout money and zvithout price, for 
many of the young Jezvs of the present day feel that they are behind the times 



tvith their ancient religion, and are ready to accept the fulfillment of their Pro- 
phesies as interpreted by the Nezv Testament. 

"Ain't it sweet, what he says?" asks a ivoman who has been listening, 
while tears roll down her face. 

She is with her husband and a flock of little ones, but confesses that she is 
unhappy because of the recent loss of one of her children. 

"Why aren't you a christian, sister ? Do you go to church?" 

"No, not since I was a girl. I used to go, always, zvhen I lived in the 
country. But since zve was married and moved here, there ain't nobody ever 
asked us to go to church." 


Shrill whistles and deep toots from steamers at docks and ferries, hurdy- 
gurdies at the street-crossings, the continuous roar of heavy trucks rumbling 
over rough pavements, blend in din and discord. 

Streets are lined with docks, old-fashioned warehouses and sailors' lodg- 
ings; at every corner a saloon with its brilliant lights and enticing music; here 
and there the flickering gleam from a mission-house. 

A group of earnest members of the Salvation Army with trombone and 
bass drum on the corner gather to themselves a few sodden wrecks of humanity, 
while the vacant lot with the big white Gospel tent during the summer months 
attracts the flotsam and jetsam of the water front. 

Longshoremen, pedlers, laborers, loafers, sailors from every quarter of the 
globe, constitute what has been well called "the fag end of our population;' 
characterised by dirt, degredation, and drunkeness. 

"I never came in contact with worse heathen in foreign mission fields than 

Courtesy of Baptist City Missionary Society 


From left to right, Jewish, Irish, Spanish 



1 find in these districts of New York City," says a mission worker of long and 
wide experience. 

Here are gathered the offscourings of the earth. In congregations drazvn 
together here at missions may be found Roman Catholics, Jews, Spaniards, 
Italians, and Mohammedans, as zvell as those from England, Scotland, and 

Some of these outcasts zvere reared religiously, others reared in heathen 
lands, zvhile yet more have no knozvledge or thought of religious influences. 

Curiosity or the zvord of a wise personal Christian worker may induce 
these people to attend mission service. Burglars, murderers, suicides, prodigals, 
have confessed their sins and entered on new lives, but thousands have never 
yet heard the name of Jesus the Saviour except in blasphemy. 


Italian, Greek, Armenian, Magyar, Slovak, Polish 


Lanterns swing gaily from the houses, bonfires crackle brightly in the 
streets, fireworks hiss and splutter and rise brilliantly skyzvard. It is the close 
of an Italian festa day on the East Side. The Madonna has been carried 
throughout the neighborhood, followed by thousands of zvorshippers. Prayers 
have been said, votive offerings made, candles burned, zvhile 25,000 people pa- 
raded the streets to the playing of bands. 

A woman at the corner sells clams zvhich she opens fresh for each cus- 
tomer; on the opposite corner, another zvoman sell various kinds of beans so 
popular among the Italians; a man peddles tomatoes, peppers, and chestnuts; 
another sells whirligigs of gay colored papers. A woman crosses the street. 



bearing in her hands a little roast pig in a huge tin pan smoking from the oven; 
children crowd the streets; women in gorgeous shawls of purple, red, or green, 
with the faces of Madonnas or Saint Elizabeths, gossip and chat, while the men 
lounge together over their pipes. 

But festal days have an end. To-morrow is the return to the pick and 
shovel in the trench. 

The Italians have been termed "the oxen of our country" because of their 
patient, plodding, hard working lives. They, to-day, are the ones who dig 
the trenches and lay the foundation stones. 

They are sober, zvilling, and persistent. They have become property hold- 
ers to a great extent, and on the East Side of Manhattan ozvn hundreds of 

Courtesy of Baptist City Missionary Society 


acres of land covered with closely built blocks of houses where the tenants 
croivd like rabbits in burrows. 

While many remain steadfast to their old world religion, the younger gene- 
rations like those of many other races and creeds, are inclined to be careless of 
their established form of zvorship, and Sundays are too generally spent as mere 

These people live in the streets in the summer when a congregation of 
reasonable size may be found zvaiting anyzvhere. No people are more suscept- 
ible to the preaching of our form of Christian faith. It is said that "once their 
minds have grasped the importance of the Truth, and their hearts been touched 
by the power thereof, then their souls long for salvation and are eager to read 
God's own Word." 


The children develop into loyal little Americans, easily taught, and pre- 
ferring always to learn new songs and texts "in American" rather than in their 
native tongue. 


The setting sun, sinking behind the Palisades, sends its last rays across the 
river to linger over those steep hills running down from Eleventh Avenue 
where dzvells a population unique in composition and depravity. 

So notorious has the region become, that it is recognized by the name of 
Hell's Kitchen. By those ztiho shrink from applying such an opprobrious 
epithet to the residence district of human beings, it is distinguished as San Juan 
Hill, a name won from its fierce and bloody race riots 

Here in this district, said to be the most congested in the city, and pos- 
sibly in the world, in one square block (that is a block of houses bounded on- 
the north and south by streets, and on the east and zvest by avenues), may be 
found the homes of over 6,000 people, enough to constitute a township in some 

These blocks of houses are filled with white people of various nationalities 
intermixed with the black race to such an extent that the neighborhood is known 
to the police as the Black and Tan District. The vile and vicious from all over 
the country find hiding place here. 

Yet this dense cloud has its more-or-less silver lining. 

"Something ought to be done for us fellers," exclaimed one who had heard 
the Gospel for the first time. 

Here, as in Little Italy, Christian workers have found their way and gained 
admission to the forlorn and destitute homes, besides conducting church and 
mission zvork. Far from adequate, hozvever, are the means already under way, 
praisezvorthy and encouraging as they may be, to reach so vast a multitude of 
the unregenerate. 


Every bench in every park in the city, except zvhen in extremest cold 
zveather it may be laden with snozv, provides a problem for those zvho believe 
that charity begins at home. 

An army of men, most of them native born Americans, zvithout zvork, with- 
out ambition, zvithout hope in the zt'orld, sit day after day zvaiting for they knozv 
not what. 

"O , the broken hearts and lives in our great cities!" cries one who findi 
his Held of labor among the "dozvn-and-out." 

"I am greatly impressed by the number of men who need some comfort," 
says another. 

"This is the first kind zvord I have heard in years," said a human derelict 
stranded on a park bench, zvhen addressed by a Christian man. 


Has the native American unchurched in a great metropolis less claim on us 
than the native American Indian of the Western plains ? 

Does the negro problem cry less loudly for solution in our crozvded cities 
than in the sunny fields of the South? 

Shall we leave the foreign quarters of our own congested municipalities in 
darkness of superstition, while zve send the Gospel light to lands far across the 

Or shall we agree zvith that clergyman zvho says: 

"It is not a question of uptozvn or dozvntozvn, of city or country, of north, 
eati, south, or zvest, of home or abroad, — but of preaching the Gospel to those 
who need it." 

Effective Methods of Money 

Condensed from an address given by invitation at Hotel Gramatan Jan- 
uary 25, 1907 

By W. E. Lougee 

First: Believe in the cause you re- 
present, or have nothing to do with it. 
Never ask men to give for an object 
that does not fully meet your own ap- 
proval. It does the cause no good, it 
harms the giver and deadens your own 
sense of right. 

Second: Believe that there is plenty 
of money to be had, if only the right 
methods are used to extract it from its 
hiding place. Never was there a time 
when a religious financial revival was 
so much needed as now. The Church 
of Christ is growing enormously in 
wealth, but it is not giving for the ad- 
vancement of His Kingdom on the 
earth anywhere near in proportion to 
this increase. Could the professed fol- 
lowers of Jesus Christ be induced to 
give a tenth of this income for the 
work of the church, or as God has pros- 
pered them, the evangelization of the 
world would soon be an accomplished 

Some years since, I saw a notice in a 
paper that a man in a neighboring state 
had given a modest contribution to an 
object in which I was somewhat in- 
terested. I put his name upon a slip of 
paper and placed it in my "Hoped-for- 
Donor-Box." "What's that?" you ask. 
Well, there is a box in my desk in 
which I place names of individuals that 
come to my notice in various ways. Oc- 
casionally I look over these names in 
a receptive frame of mind, asking God 
to suggest to whom letters should be 
sent, if to any. One day in going over 
the list of names taken from my box, 
your speaker was impressed that he 
ought to write and ask him for $1,000. 
He did so at once, stating very briefly 

in the letter that he did not know 
whether he was worth a hundred or a 
million dollars, but that he did know 
that he had received an impression, 
which he believed was from God, that 
he ought to ask him for this amount. 
He also stated that he would remember 
this letter daily in prayer until the ans- 
wer came. This he did, and daily for 
eight days he asked God that if it were 
His will the money might be given. 
Then a letter came from a city in the 

3 2 


far West; it was very brief and the 
point . The writer stated that he dis- 
liked to be asked to give a stated sum, 
but that there was something in the 
tone of the letter sent that impressed 
him, and concluded by saying, "I will 
gladly send you the $1,000 you ask for." 
I thanked God for this very definite 
answer to prayer, and then thanked the 
man for his letter and gift, and asked 
him if ever he came to New York to 
call. A few weeks later a fine looking 
gentleman appeared at my office door 
and asked, "Is this Mr. Lougee?" I 
acknowledged my identity and he told 
his name and ased how I came to write 
the letter to him. After telling him the 
facts he gave another thousand, and for 
six years he has sent this sum with un- 
failing regularity. Accompanying a 
recent gift from him came this message: 
"May God Almighty bless you for what 
you have done for me. You have been 
a blessing and inspiration to my soul. 
My wife and I pray for you daily by 

This is only one of many examples 
that could be given along this line, but 
only one more will be mentioned. 

Not long since, I was impressed to 
write to a very wealthy man, who is not 
a professing Christian, asking for an in- 
terview. He had been contributing a 
modest sum to our work for two years. 
I felt that he ought to give more, and 
that he would do so if the matter were 
rightly presented. He replied asking me 
to lunch with him at a downtown club 
the next day. I prayed earnestly about 
this luncheon, that I might be led to say 
just the right thing in the right way, 
and at the time appointed I was on 
hand. After lunch, while sipping cof- 
fee, I frankly stated to him the object 
of the letter, which was to ask him for 
$500 annually. I told him that the work 
was a growing one and that we needed 
his support, and said, "I do not know 
what you believe along religious lines, 
but I do wish you to give $500 for the 
express purpose of bringing young men 
face to face with Jesus Christ, for that 
is the great object of our work." With- 

out a moment's hesitation he said, "I 
will do it." I thanked him and told him 
frankly that I hoped and believed that 
this gift would prove a great blessing 
to him in his own life. It is not neces- 
sary to add that the speaker has few 
better friends in the city than that man, 
and he believes that he has received the 
blessing from the Master. I need not 
say that the $500 comes to me unsolici- 
ted each year. 

May I add a fifth principle which is 
the most important of all; that is, seek- 
ing by earnest, constant prayer for Di- 
vine guidance. Never send a letter ask- 
ing for money without following it 
daily with prayer. Never dare to ask a 
man to give for His work without ask- 
ing God to bless both the one who gives 
and the one who receives. Your speak- 
er learned this lesson from Mr. Moody 
when he first entered the work of the 
committee. Well does he remember the 
few days he spent with him in Savan- 
nah. The morning that I was to return 
north he said after breakfast, "Come up 
to my room; I want to talk with you." 
We planned out a trip having special 
reference to finances, to which I was 
just then turning my attention. Then 
he said, "Let us pray." Such a prayer 
I had never listened to: "Oh, Lord, 
Lougee is going on this trip to raise 
money for Thy work. Go with him and 
give him the hearts and attention of 
those upon whom he calls. Help him to 
feel that he comes from Thee and to 
forget himself. Give him tact and wis- 
dom in approaching men, and a con- 
fidence in Thy help and presence." 

I had never been prayed for so direct- 
ly before, and it was an inexpressibly 
sweet experience. It is not necessary 
to add that God opened the way before 
me, and if there has been any success at- 
taining my work in interesting men and 
women in the extension of Christ's 
Kingdom on the earth it has been large- 
ly due to this lesson learned on my 
knees in that little room in the De Soto 
Hotel in Savannah with that man of 
God who knew how to ask God for 
definite things. 

Appointments and Receipts 


February, 1907. 

Not in Commission last year. 

Hindley, D. D., George, Helena, Mont. 
Hodges, W. R., Kremmling, Colo. 
Holcombe, Gilbert T., Amarillo, Texas. 
Martin, George B., Pearl, Idaho. 
Shaw, E. S., Mohall and Deering, No. Dak. 
Snow, W. A., Ellis and Washburn, No. Dak. . 
Totten, G. A., Lawton and Adams, No. Dak. 
Worthington, William, Seattle, Wash. 


Bolger, Thomas T., Pearl, Idaho. 

Brunk, William R., County Line, Carryville and 

Chiplcy, Fla. 
Burhans. P. C, Underwood and out stations. 

No. Dak. 
Garden, William J., Bremen, Ga. 
Faubion, Nathaniel G., Lakeside and Chelan, 


Franzen, Hubert L., Little Ferry, N. J. 

Gasque, Wallace, Atlanta, Ga. 

Green, Edward F., Ashland, Oregon. 

Iorns, Benjamin, Henry, So. Dak. 

Jenkins, Richard C, Arnot, Penn. 

Jones, J. Lewis, lone, Oregon. 

Knight, Plutarch S., Salem, Oregon. 

Larson, Anton R., Lake Preston. So. Dak. 

Luter, Elves D., Panasoffkee and Moss Bluff, Fla. 

McCoy, Robert C, Manchester, La. 

McKay, Charles G., Atlanta, Ga. 

Mack, C. A., Colfax, No. Dak. 

Mirick. E. A., International Falls, Minn. 

Moncol, A. J., Braddock, Penn. 

Pirsons, Edward, St. Joseph, Mo. 

Richert, Cornelius, St. Paul, Minn. 

Swartout, Edgar P., Turton, So. Dak. 

Tingle, George W., Gentry, Ark. 

Veazie, W. C., General Missionary in Texas. 

Waldo, Edwin A., West Palm Beach, Fla. 


February, 1907. 

MAINE— $20. 

Portland, Scarboro Benevolence, 18; Wood- 
fords Station, Mrs. A. Southworth, 2. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE— $598.52; of which legacies, 

Epping, 40 ; Hanover, Estate of Andrew 
Moody, 50; Hollis, A Friend, 4; Hooksett, 9.70; 
Jaffrey, Mrs. N. P. Phelps, 1 ; Nashua, Pilgrim, 
in full, to const. C. A Heald an Hon. L. M., 
3.82; Orford, A Friend, 5; Stratham, 10; Tilton, 
Estate of F. S. Spencer, 475. 

VERMONT— $56. 

Castleton, Rev. H. P. Higley, 30 ; Hubbardston, 
A Friend, 1; Montpelier, Bethany, 10; North 
Troy, S. S., 5; Rutland, S. S., 10. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $1,782.10; of which lega- 
cies, $479-55- 

Mass. Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. J. Coit, Treas., 
14.90; Auburn, 40.04; Berkley, A. E. Dean, 50; 
Dorchester, Central S. S., 10; Easton, Evan, 
90.68 ; Haverhill, West . C. E., 2.25 ; Ipswich, 
Estate of William M. Conant, 100; Leominster, 
Mrs. E. A. H. Grassie, 25; F. A. Whitney, 15; 
Lowell, C. A. Lathrop, 6 ; Marlborough, Legacy 
of Mary S. Fairbanks, 56.17; Northampton, "M. 
C," 10; "C. M.," 20; Richmond, 14.82: Salem, 
Tab., A Friend, 25; South Grafton, Union, 7.75; 
Springfield, 1st, 156.76; Faith, 33.15; T. H. 
Hawks, 25 ; Sudbury, Estate of H. S. Dakin 
Rice, 323.38: Mrs. L. S. Connor, 25; Taunton, 
Mrs. L C. Deane, 15; Turners Falls, Mrs. H. 
B. Crouse, .50; Waltham, 1st, S. S., 20; West 
Brookfield, "Grace C. White, L. M.," 5; West- 
field, 1st, 270.88; Williamsburg, 70; Worcester, 
Pilgrim, 82.47; Union Ch. Bible School, 15.35. 

Woman's H. M. Assoc, (of Mass and R. I)., 
Miss L. D. White Treas. Salary Fund, 22 1 } ; 
Boston, A Friend, 25. Total, $252. 

CONNECTICUT— $7,081.65; of which legacy, 

Miss. Soc. of Conn, by Rev. J. S ; Ives, 171. 15; 
Bethel, 71.32: Chester, 10; Connecticut, A Friend, 
80 ; A Friend, 200; Coventry, 1st. 23.5 s ; Hampton, 
9.4.5; Hartford, 4th, _ 21.82: A Friend, 10; Har- 
winton, 25; New Britain, South S. S., 15; New 

Haven, Mrs. C. H. Curtis, 25 ; C. M. Mead, 30 ; 
Newtown, C. E., 13.07; Norfolk, 50; Norwich, 
Broadway Ch., in memory of Mrs. A. J. Avery, 
50; Mrs. E. Storer, 5; Salisbury, 22.74; So. 
Norwalk 1st, 8.30 ; Waterbury, 2nd, S. S., 20 ; 
Mrs. W. H. Camp, 100; West Hartford, Estate 
of Anson Chappell, 6,000 ; Wilton, add'l, 1 ; 
Windsor, 1st. C. E., 5 ; Woodstock, 1st, 18. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. S. Thayer. 
Treas., 25 ; Hartford, Member of Ex. Com. of 
the Union, 17; Kent, Aux., 29.25; Winsted, 2nd, 
Mrs. H. Gay, 25. $96.25. 

NEW YORK— $863.02. 

Brooklyn. Ch. of the Pilgrims, 719.68: Claver- 
ack, Mrs. E. C. Porter, 10; Clayton, 5; Massena, 
7.50; C. E.. 7.50; New York City, Little Morris's 
Birthday Gifts in memoriam, 2 ; Miss G. Schuyler, 
to; Mr. and Mrs. Don O. Shelton, 20; Mrs. C. 
L. Smith, 25; Oswego Falls, 15.15: C. E.. 10; 
Rushville, 1st. 6.25: Sprakers, H. V. Ouick, 5 ; 
Warsaw, C. E., 18.86; West Bloomfield, C. E., 

NEW JERSEY— $484.71. 

Bound Brook, 33.58; Dover Beth. Scanrl. 1.50; 
East Orange, 1st, 52.20; 1st. S. S.. 25; Trinity, 
175; Swedes, 2.50; Upper Montclair, Christian 
Union, 195. 


Received by Rev. C. A. Jones, Pittsburg, South 
Side Welsh, 5 ; Delta. Welsh, 5 : Duquesne, Beth- 
lehem Slovak, 10; East Smithfield, 4.02: Mc- 
Keesport, 1st, S. S., 5; Milroy, White Memorial. 
10.50; Scranton, Sherman Ave. C. E., 4; Spring 
Brook. Welsh, 7.50; Susquehanna, 1st. 10; 
Titnsville, Scand., 3; WilkesBarre, 1st, Welch, 

Woman's Miss. Union, Mrs. D. Howells Treas. 
Kane, 15; Meadville, 30; Randolph, 3; Williams- 
port, 1st, 5. Total, $53. 

MARYLAND— $2.50. 

Baltimore, Canton, 2.50. 

Washington, Mt. Pleasant, 176. 

Pinehurst. Two Friends, 20. 



GEORGIA— $38.52. 

Atlanta, Central, $38.52. 

ALABAMA— $4.70. 

Received by Rev. A. T. Clarke. Andalnsia, 
Antioch, 1.40: Mobile, 1st, 2.55; Section and 
Ten. Broeck, Union Hill, .75. 

FLORIDA — $33.50. 

Avon Park, Union Evan, 13.50: Cocoanut 
Grove. Union, 12; Esto, 1st, 3.50; Panasoffkee 
and Moss Bluff, 4.50. 

TEXAS— $37-55. 

Ft. Worth, 1st, 32.30; Tyler, 5.25. 

OKLAHOMA— $13.15. 

Seward, 4.15; Weatherford, 1st, 16. 

Less $7 excess in coll. reported from $20.15 
Agra in May Home Missionary 7.00 


Jerome, 5. 

OHIO— $16. 

Oberlin, Mrs. L. G. B. Hi 

INDIANA— $38. 

Fort Wayne, Plymouth, 
A. G. Delch, 2. 

in : W. M. Meai 

36; Indianapolis, Rev. 


Chicago, Rev. G. S. F. Savage, 25. 

"TSSOURI— $52.83. 

Received by Rev. A. K. Wray, Lebanon, 1st, 
1 5 ; Webster Groves, 5; $20.. Aurora, n.; 
Kansas City. Rev. F. L. Johnston, 9.37 ; Mead- 
vine, S ; Sedalia, 2nd, 4.46. 

WISCONSIN— $65.43. 

Janesville, 1st, 61.60; Milwaukee, Mrs. W. D. 
Reed, .55; Slavic, 3.28. 

IOWA— $304.81. 

Iowa Home Miss. Soc, by A. D. Merrill, 
Treas., 300.81 ; Church, German, 4. 

MINNESOTA— $637.05. 

Received bv Rev. G. R. Merrill. Alexandria, 
5.ti; F. C. Meade. 15; Anoka, 1.55; Belgrade, 
6; Edgerton, 15; Hawley, 4.31: Medford, add'l., 
12; Minneapolis, Fremont Ave., 16. 50; Lvndale, 
.12.70; S. S., 10; Park Ave.. 14.58; S. S.," 16.66; 
Plymouth, 94.16; Vine, 17.80: Northfield. no. 81; 
Owatonna, 5; St. Paul, Pacific, 65.44; Wadena, 
S.m. Total, $460.75. 

Gaylord, 7.50: Mazeppa, 1st, 10; Zumbrota, 
1st. 10. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. M. Bristoll, 
Treas. Ada. S. S., 6.50: Austin, Aux., 0.35; 
Crookston, C. E., to: Hawlev, Aux., 7.50: Lake 
City. Aux., 25- C. E„ 5: Lyle. 4; Mantorille, 
2.50; Minneapolis, 1st. 12.50; Park Ave. Aux., 
12.45; Pilgrim. C. E., 5: Lyrdale, Aux., 5; C. E.. 
7.50; S. S.. Primary Dep't.. 5; Tremont Ave. 
Aux.. it; Rochester. Aux.. to: St. Paul. Ply- 
mouth Aux.. 3.50; Soringfield. C. E., 1; Spring 
Valley, C. E., 10. Total, $148.80. 

Nrc City and Ransom, German. 2. 

NEBRASKA— $35.80. 

Germantown, German, add'l., 2 ; Inland, Ger- 
man, 8.50; Lincoln, Salems German, 25.30. 

NORTH DAKOTA— $117.70. 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell. Cleveland, S. 
S., 1.90; Niagara, 22: Oriska, S. S., 8.45; Valley 
City, G. M. Young, 25. Total, 57.35. 

Elbowoods, C. E.. 4; S. S., 5; Esmond, 3; 
Fargo, Scand., 5; Forman, 1st, 2: Glen Ullin, 
25; Harvey, German Ebenezer, 5; Eigenheim, 6; 
German Hoffnungsfeld, 2. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. E. H. Stickney, 
Treas., Abercrombie, S. S., 3.35. 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $93.70. 

Anina and Templeton, 2.35; Bryant, 13; Del- 
mont, German, Karl Bauer. 8; Draper, Murdo, 
and Speirs, 2.85 ; Eureka, German, 25 ; Gettys- 
burg, 1st, 3: Java, Andreas, German, n; Israels, 
German, 3; Meckling, 1.50; Roscoe, A Friend, 2; 
Selby, German, Jonathan Hotmann, 10; Tyn- 
dall, German, 10. 

COLORADO— $101.27. 

Coal Creek. 3.50; Colorado City, 1st, 2; 
Colorado Springs, A Friend, 25; Denver, 4th 
Ave. S. S.. 3.SS:, Pilgrim, .75; Plymouth S. S., 
26.47: Fort Collins, German, 35; Wellington, 
German, Christtts, 5. 

Bib Timber, 3. 

UTAH— $5. 

Salt Lake City, Phillips, 5. 

IDAHO— $5. 
Meadows, 5. 

~*LIFORNIA— $22. 

Fresno, German Zions, 2. 

Woman's H. M. Union of Southern Cal., Mrs. 
E. C. Norton, Treas. Riverside S. S., 20. 

OREGON— $93.64. 

Received by Rev. C. F. Clanp, Beaver Creek, 
to; Condon, 13.75; Salem, S. S., 10. Total, 

Astoria, 1st, 3.35; Beaverton, P>ethel, 7.58; 
A. Reichcn, to. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Oregon, Mrs. C. F. 
Clapp, Trens. Portland, 1st, 38.96. 

WASHINGTON— $170.82. 

Wash. Home Miss. Soc, Rev. TI. B. Hendlev. 
Treas., 118.56; Snecial. 120.81; Beach, 1.20; 
Edmonds, 15.09; Hillyard. 5; McMurray, S. S.. 
3; Richmond, 3.50; Seattle, Edgwater, 44.2=: 
Plymouth, too; Tacoma, Al-ki, .35; Total, 

Orchard Prairie, 28; Wallula, 1.62; West 
Seattle, 29.50. 

BOHEMIA— $10. 

Prague, Rev. T. S. Porter, 10. 


February Receipts. 

Contributions $6,436.81 

Legacies 7,004.55 

— — $13,441.36 

Interest 1,004.64 

Home Missionary 152.05 

Literature 86.75 

Total, $14,684.80 




Receipts in February, 1907. 

Rev. Joshua Coit. Treasurer, Boston, Mass. 

Acton, So., 2.76; Andover, West, 20; Beverly, 

Washington St., 64; Boston, Old South, 186.75; 
Dorchester, 2nd, 20 ; Boxford, West, 2nd, 7 ; 
Brimbecom Fund. Tncome of, 20; Carlisle, 8; 
Dunstable, 62: Fitchburg. Finn, 12.35: Rollstone, 
C. E., 10: General Fund, Tncome of. 50; 
Gloucester, T. Cunningham, 5; Harvard, 7; Law- 



rence, United, 14; Lexington, Hancock, 37; Lit- 
tleton, 7.03: Lowell, 1st, 22. 16; Lynnfieid, So., 
Ladies' Miss. Soc, 10; Lynn, 1st, 5; Maynard, 
Finn, 2.75; Newouryport, No., S. S., 6.16; 
Estate of Caroline W. Fiske, 1,000; Newmarl- 
boro, Mill River, C. E., 3 ; Northbridge, Whitins- 
ville, E. C. Day Band, 14.09 ; Plymouth, Manomet, 
13; Reed Fund, Income of, 120; Rochester, 1st, 
C. E., 1.35 ; Rockport, Pigeon Cove, Ladies' 
Circle, 5; Sharon, 27.60; Southfield, Taft Thank 
Offering, 3; Springfield, Olivet, 14.75; Wake- 
field, 34.48; Waltham, 1st, 42.19; Wellfleet, So., 
5; Wellesley Hills, 1st, 11.34; Westhampton, 20; 
West Springfield, Park St., 40.50; Trustees 
Ashley School and Charitable Fund, 187.02; 
Wilbraham, 1st, 50; Woburn, Scandinavian, 6.92; 
Worcester, Finn, 4.10; Estate of Harriet Damon, 
6.42 ; Designated for Easter School of Theology, 
Newton Center, 1st, 15; Springfield, South, 15; 
Designated for Italian Work, Boston, E. C. 
Hood, 55.55; Designated for Religious Reading 
for the Finns, A/idover, Trustees Phillips Acad., 

W. H. M. A., Lizzie D. White, Treasurer. 

Salaries American International College, 140; 
salary Italian worker, 80 ; salary of Polish work- 
er, 70. 


Regular $2,139.22 

Designated for Easter School of Theo- 
logy . 30.00 

Designated for Italian work 55-55 

Designated for Religious Reading for 

the Finns . 150.00 

W. H. M. A 290.00 

Home Missionary 7.10 

Total, $2,671.87 


Contributions for month of February, 1907. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 

Bethel, 21.70; Bristol, 1st, 48.75; East Hamp- 
ton, 1st, 10.05: Ellsworth, 15; Goshen, Sunday 
School, 29.18; Hartford, 1st, Mrs. Edward A. 
Smith, Personal, 100; Ernest Walker Smith, Per- 
sonal, 100; Herbert Knox Smith, Personal, 100; 
Glenwood, 4.35; Higganum, 13; Killingworth, 7; 
Long Bridge, 6; Middletown, 1st, 23.98; New 
Haven, Danish, and Norwegian, 10.91 ; Redeem- 
er, for Italian work, 25 ; United, 200 ; New 
London, 1st, 14.92; North Guilford, 25; North 
Windham, 1.35; Old Saybrook, for C. H. M. S., 
15.60; South Manchester, Swedish, 3.70; 
Thomaston, for Eagle Rock Chapel, 14.09 ; Tor- 
ringford, 16; for C. H. M. S., 4; Torrington, 
Center, 83.58; Waterbury, 1st, 150; 2nd, Mrs. 
VV. H. Camp, Personal, 10; Italian, 7; Win- 
chester, 36.41; Woodbury, 1st, 10; W. C. H. M. 
U. of Conn., Mrs. George Follett, Secretary, 
Hartford, 1st, Sunday School, Home Department, 
for Italian work, 15; Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, 
Special, 5 ; Hartford, 1st, W. H. M. S., Special, 
50: From Trust Fund for Mohegan Indians, 25. 

Total $1,201.57 

M. S. C $1,181.97 

C. H. M. S 19.60 $1,201.57 

Receipts in February, 1907. 
A. B. Cross, Treasurer. 

Amherst, 17; Auburn, 2.80; Chester, 5.25; 
East Alstead, 5.46; East Sullivan, 5.2?; Keene, 
80; Milton Mills, 2; Nelson, 11.40; Newington, 
6.15. Total, $i35-3i- 


Receipts for the month of January, 1907. 
Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer. 
Brooklyn, Borough Park, 4; 1st, German, 

2.25;- Buffalo, Fitch Memorial, 5; Center Lisle, 
2.25 ; Clayville, 6 ; Cortland, H. E. Ranney, 65 ; 
Derby, Conn., S. S., 5 ; Farmingville, 5 ; Fair- 
view, 6.30; Grand Island, 26; Arthur M. Wood, 
7.10; New Village, 13; North Collins, M. S., 
10; S. S.,' 12.50; Patchogue, 50.73; Syracuse, 
Pilgrim, 2.62; Troy, 12; Wilmington, Y. L. M. 
S., 10; W. H. M. U., as follows: Holland 
Patent, Welsh, 5; Moravia, W. H. M. U., 10; 
Phoenix, M. S., 22; Roland, L. S., 5. Total, 

Receipts for the month of February, 1907. 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer. 

Binghampton, Rev. A. M. Wood, 20 ; Buffalo, 
Pilgrim, 5 ; Chenango Forks, Y. P. M. S., 7 ; 
Clayton, 5 : Dunton, 20 ; Lakeview, 3 ; New- 
burg, 10; North Evans, 10.75; Roland, 10; 
Schenectady, Pilgrim, 15.10. Total, $105.85. 


Receipts in February, 1907. 

Rev. C. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 

Austinburg, 7 ; Barberton, 30 ; Bryn Hyfryd, 
4.15.; Cincinnati, Storrs, Ladies' Union, 5; C. 
£., 4; Jr. C. E., 1.50; Church, 4.50; Personal, 
7.50; S. S., 5 ; Cleveland, Archwood Ave., Per- 
sonal, 3; Kinsman, St., Personal, -z; Pilgrim, for 
Bohemian work, 146; for general work, 84.50; 
Personal, 5; Jones Ave., 12; Hough Ave., C. E., 
15; Union, 13.15; S. S., 6.15; Plymouth, 88.20; 
Euclid Ave., 25; Bethlehem C. E., 2.60; 
Columbus, First, 150; Mayflower, 27; Conneaut, 
10; Geneva, 5; Gustavus, 2; Grafton, 3.65; Hud- 
son, Personal, 14; Jefferson, 26.25; Kirkland, 
Valley View C. E., 2 ; Lorain, First, 34.24 ; 
Lodi, 21; Marietta, First, Personal, 2; Mans- 
field, First, Personal, 2 ; Newark, First, C. E., 
5; Painesville, First, Personal, 6; Ravenna, 4.50; 
S. S., 13.25; Somerdale, Personal, 1; Springfield, 
First, Personal. 35; Lagonda Ave., W. M. S., 
5; Secretary, Pulpit Supply, 15; Toledo, Wash- 
ington St., 11.47; Wauseon, C. E., 4.66; Zanes- 
ville, 13.85. Total, $885.12. 

_ Received from the Ohio Woman's Home Mis- 
sionary Union, Mrs. Geo. B. Brown, Treasurer, 
Toledo : 

Bellevue, W. M. S., 4; Chagrin Falls, L. A., 
4; Cleveland, Franklin Ave., W. M. S., 4; Kins- 
man, W. M. S.. 8. 87; Pilgrim, W. A., 24; Kent, 
W. M. S., 2; Marietta, ' First, W. M. S., 28; 
Harmar, C. K., 5; Medina, W. M. S., 10: Mt. 
Vernon, W. M. S., 8; Ridgeville Corners, W. M. 
S., 1.75; Sandusky, L. G., 4; Springfield, First, 
W. M. S., T6.65; S. S., 20: Strongsville, W. M. 
S., 3; Toledo, Centra?, W. M. S.. 17; Union- 
ville, W. M. S., =: Wakeman, W. M. S., 5; 
West Milgrove, C. E.. 75 ; West Williamsfield, 
W. M. S., 10; Youngstown, Plymouth, W. M. 
S., 8; Zanesville, W. M. S., 3. 

Total $ 192.02 

Grand Total $1,077.14 


Received and Reported at Rooms of the W. H. 
M. A., Boston, from July 1, 1906 to Jan- 
uary 1, 1907. 

Miss Mary C. E. Jackson, Secretary. 

Amesbury, Main St., H. M. S., bbl & box, 
145.90; Andover. Sem. Ch., L. B. S., 175; At- 
1-leboro,' 2nd, Ch., I.. Ben. Soc, box, 2.25; 
Beverly, Washington St. Aux., bbl., 30; Dane 
St. Ch., bbl., 60.45 ; Boston, Miss Plympton, 
pkg., 10: Park St. Ch., Aux., box, 200: Box- 
ford West, F. C. S., bbl.. 61.60; Bridgewater, 
Aux., box, 100 ; Brighton, Fanuil Ch. Aux., bbl., 
no; Bristol, R. I., Aux., bbl., 96.88 ; Brockton, 
Porter Ch., Aux.. 2 bbls., 172; Cambridge, First 
Ch., Aux.. 2 bbls., 110.75; Centerville, Aux., 
pkg., 7; Chelsea, First. W. H. M., bbl., 62.91; 
Chicooee Falls, Aux., bbl., 137; Clinton, Aux.. 
bbl., 60; Dalton, S. Soc, 3 bbls., 260.91; Ded- 



ham, L. C. S., 3 bbls., 226; Dorchester Village wood, Aux., cash & 2 bbls., 45; No. Middleboro, 
Ch., Aux., 2 bbls., 172.84; East Braintree, Miss Aux., box, 53.68; Orange, Aux. box, 95; Mrs. 
C. E. Hobert, shawl, 25; East Providence, R. I., J. K. Moore, pkg., 5; Pawtucket, R. I. H. M. 
Newman Aux., hbl., 89.70; East Weymouth, Soc, box, 200; Peabody, South Ch., 3 bbls., 
First Ch., Aux., box, 15; Fall River, Beneficent 270; Providence. R. I., Cen. Ch., 3 boxes, 538.- 
Soc, 2nd, bbl., 64; Falmouth, Aux., bbl., 60.82; 37; Ben. Ch., H. M. B., bbl., 116. 13; Union Ch., 
Fitchburg, C. C. Ch., L. B. S., box, 68.29; 5 boxes, 425.25; Randolph, Aux., bbl., 107.25; 
Framingham, Plymouth Ch., Aux., box, 140; Roxbury, Immanuel Ch., Helping Hands, M. B., 
Gardner, L. S. & B. S., box, 83.25; Granby, Xmas box, 13.25; Walnut Ave. Ch., bbl., 90; 
Light Bearers, pkg., 1.50; Ladies' Ben. Soc, Saugus, L. Aux. & Girls' Band, bbl., 35; Somer- 
bbl., 62; Great Barrington, L. A. Soc, bbl., 75; ville, West S. Ch., pkg., 11.50; Broadway Ch., 
Hatfield Aux., cash, 25 & 60.56; box, 85.56; Aux., pkg., 20; Prospect Hill, Aux., box & bbl., 
Haverhill, Riverside Ch.. Thought & Work Soc, 100; box, etc., 57; South Lincoln, Aux.; bbl., 77; 
box, 20; Hinsdale, B. Soc, bbl., 100; Holbrook, South Framingham, Grace Ch., Aux., 2 bbls., 
Aux., bbl., 51.19; Holyoke, 2nd, Ch., Aux., 270; 112.95; Southampton, L. B. S., box, 25; Spring- 
Hyde Park, Aux., box, & bbl., 5; Jr. C. E. Soc, field, Mem. Ch., L. H. M., 3 bbls., 300; Stone- 
Xmas box, 18; Jamaica PI. Cen. Ch., Aux., 2; ham, Miss Alice W. Brown, pkg., 15; Sunder- 
bbls.. 62.25 ; Lancaster, Miss Litchfield, pkg., land, Aux., box, 92 ; Swampscott, Aux. & Pro 
10; Lawrence, Trinity Ch., Y. G.'s Soc, Xmas Christo Soc, bbl., 80.60; Taunton, Trin. Ch. Aux.. 
box, 35; Aux., cash & bbl., 115. 16; Lee, Ben. bbl., 53.74; Warren, H. M., Aux., box, 163.20; 
Soc, box. 164.25; Lexington, Hancock Ch., Aux., Watertown, Phillips, S. C, 2 boxes, 228.14; 
bbls., 303.20: Lincoln, Aux., bbl., 118.92; Long- Wellesley, Aux., bbl. & M. O.. 80; Westboro,' 
meadow, Aux., bbl. & cash, 107.54; Lowell, Aux., 2 bbls., 225; West Boylston, Aux., bbl., 
Eliot Ch., W. II. M. A., bbl., 35; Kirk St. Ch., 47.40; West Boxford, F. C. S., 38; Westerly, 
2 boxes, 127.02; Lynn, 1st Ch., box, 27.10; R. I., Aux., bbl., 79.19; Westfield, 1st Ch., L. 
Central Ch., box, 155; A Friend, pkg., 1; Mai- B. S., box, 141.65; Whitinsville, Aux., box. 311- 
den, L. B. S., 1st Ch., box., 30; Marlboro,' Aux., ^^; Wilmington, L. S., bbl., 45; Winchester, 
bbl.. 141.50; Medford. Mystic Ch., bbl., pkg. & Western Missy Soc, 135.58; Woburn, 1st Ch., 
Xmas box, 105.10; Melrose, L. B. S., box, 100.74; L. C. B. R. S., cash, & bbl, 78; Wollaston, 1st 
Millbury, H. M. Dept., 2 bbls., 140; Monson, Ch., L. B. S.. bbl., 125; Woonsocket, R. I., 
Dorcas Soc, box, 100; Natick, pkg., 4; Aux., Globe Ch., L. U., bbl., 60; Worcester, Bethany 
bbl., 55; Newbury, 1st, Parish Aux., bbl., 94.05; Ch., Aux., bbl., 60; Central Ch., Aux., box, 
Newburyport, Belleville Ch. Missy Soc, cash g OM g ft A b Piedmont 
& bbl., 140.24: Newton. Eliot Ch.. Aux., 2 bbls., _,, " ' ... „., .' D ' . 
Tio; Newtonville, L. B. S.. bbl. & box, 166.40; Ch -> Aux - 2 bb1s - I00 : Pilgrim Ch., Aux., 2 
Northampton, Edwards Ch., Aux., 2 pkg., 39; bbls., 80; Plymouth Ch., Aux., box, 200; W. II. 
Northfield, Trin. Ch., L. S., 2 bbls., 65; Nor- M. A., Rooms, box, 35. Total, $11,684.26. 

Attractive New Leaflets 

Issued by the 


Designed especially for Woman's Work 
By Rev. Charles A. Jones 


For distribution on Home Missionary Sunday 
By Rev. Charles A. Jones 


The Congregational Home Missionary Society 
Four page leaflet 


By Rev. H. H. Kelsey 


(Reprinted from The Home Missionary) 
By Rev. W. H. Thrall, D. D. 


(Reprinted from The Home Missionary) 
By Mary Wooster Mills 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 


CHARLES S. MILLS, D.D., President 

H. CLARK FORD, Vice-President 

General Secretary Associate Secretary 

JOSEPH B. CLARK, D.D., Editorial Secretary 


CHARLES S. HILLS, D.D., Chairman Missouri GEORGE R. LBAVITT, D.D....„ Wisconsin 




S. H. WOODROW, D.D Massachusetts FRANK T. BAYLEY, D.D Colorado 


REV. H. H. KBLSEY Connecticut L. H. HALLOCK, D.D Minnesota 

S. PARKBS OADMAN, D.D New York MR. A. F. WHITIN Massachusetts 

MR. W. W. MILLS Ohio E. L. SMITH, D.D Washington 


E. M. VITTUM, D.D Iowa W. H. DAY, D.D So. California 


HUBERT C. HERRING, D.D., Chairman 

One Year Two Years 





Field Secretary, REV. W. G. PUDDEFOOT, South Framlngham, Mass. 

Morita E. Everee, D.D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Ohlcage, 111. 
ReT. S. V. S. Fisher, Scandinavian Department, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Rev. Chas. H. Small, Slavic Department, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Rev. A. E. Ricker Indianapolis, Ind. Rev. H.Sanderson Denver, Oole. 

Geo. R. Merrill, D.D Minneapolis, Minn. J. D. Kingsbury, D.D (New Mexico, Arizona, 

Alfred K. Wray, D.D Carthage, Mo. Utah and Idaho), Salt Lake City. 

Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr West Seattle, Wash. Rev. Chas. A. Jones, 75 Essex St., Hackensack, N.J. 

Rev. W. B. D. Gray Cheyenne, Wyo. Rev. W. S. Bell Helena, Mont. 

Frank E. Jenkins, D.D., The South Atlanta, Ga. Rev. C. G. Murphy, Oklahoma City. 

W. H. Thrall, D.D Huron, S. Dak. Geo. L. Todd, D.D Havana, Cuba. 

Rev. G. J. Powell Fargo, N. Dak. , 


Rev. Charles Harbutt, Secretary . Maine Missionary Society 34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

W. P. Hubbard, Treasurer " " " Box 1052, Bangor, Me. 

Rev. A. T. Hillman, Secretary. .. New Hampshire Home Missionary Society Concord, N. H. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer " " " *' " Concord, N. H. 

Chas. H. Merrill, D.D., Secretary. Vermont Domestic " " " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

J. T. Richie, Treasurer " " " " " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

F. E. Emrlch, D.D., Secretary.. Massachusetts Home " " 809 Cong' 1 House, 

Rev. Joshua Colt, Treasurer " " " " Boston, Mass. 

Rev. J. H. Lyon, Secretary Rhode Island " " " . Central Falls, R. I. 

Joe. W>m. Rice, Treasurer " " " " " Providence, R. I. 

Rev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary Missionary Society of Connecticut Hartford, Oonn. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer " " " Hartford, Conn. 

Rev. C. W. Shelton, Secretary... New York Home Missionary Society, Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer " " " " " Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 

Rev. Charles H. Small, Secretary. Ohio " " " Cleveland, Ohio 

Rev. Charles H. Small, Treasurer. " " " " Cleveland, Ohio 

Rev. Roy B. Guild, Secretary Illinois " " " 153 La Salle St., 

John W. Iliff, Treasurer " " '• " 153 La Salle St., Chicago 

Homer W. Carter, D.D., Secretary Wisconsin " " " Belolt, Wis. 

C. M. Blackman, Treasurer " " " " Whitewater, Wis. 

T. O. Douglass, D.D., Secretary. Iowa " " " Grinnell, Iowa 

Miss A. D. Merrill, Treasurer... " " " " Des Modnes, Iowa 

Rev. J. W. Sutherland, Secretary. Michigan " " " Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer " " " " Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. Henry E. Thayer, Secretary. Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society Topeka, Kan. 

H. C. Bowman, Treasurer " " " " " Topeka, Kan. 

Rev. S. I. Hanford. Secretary ... Nebraska Home Missionary Society.. Lincoln, Neb. 

Rev. Lewis Gregory, Treasurer Lincoln, Neb. 

Rev. John L. Mails, Secretary... South California Home Missionary Society Los Angeles, 0*1. 


Rev. J, K. Harrison, Secretary. . North California Home Missionary Society San Francisco, OaL 


Geo. W. Morgan, Secretary. .. Congregational City Missionary Society St. Louis, Mo. 

Rev. Philip W. Yarrow, Supt. „ ,, „ „ 

Lewis E. Snow, Treasurer „ ,, „ 

LEGACIES — The following form may be used In making legacies: 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of dollars, In trust, to pay over the same in 

months after my decease, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

Treasurer of the Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New York, In the 

year eighteen hundred and twenty-six, to be applied to the charitable use and purposes of said 

(•eelety.amd smder its direction. 

HONORARY LIFB MEMBERS— The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an 
MsBscmry Life Member. 



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Are Sold Direct From the Factory, and in No Other Way 

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A book — not a catalogue— that gives you all the information possessed by 
experts. It tells about the different materials used in the different parts 
of a piano; the way the different parts are put together , what causes pianos 
to get out of order and in fact is a complete encyclopedia. It makes the 
selection of a piano easy. If read carefully, it will make you a judge of 
tone, aetion, workmanship and finish. It tells you how to test a piano ss &'<(' 
and how to tell good from bad. It is absolately the only book of Js"^^ 
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We send it free to anyone wishing to buy a piano. All you 
have to do is to send us your name and address. 

Send a Postal To-day while you think of 
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will be sent to you promptly by mail. 


361-383 West 13th §tr«et, New York 

!W» 8TUi YKAH 1905 


When writing to advertisers please mention The Home Mission. \in 

50 Cents a Year 


Life Members 

of the 


are once more proving their loyalty to its work by 

Cheerfully Surrendering 

their rightful claim to a free copy of the 


and by forwarding the subscription price. 

Every mail brings letters approving the plan, and as yet, not a 
syllable of objection. The proposal seems to have worked back- 
wards and forwards ; but the direction is immaterial so long as it 

Read on the reverse side of this page the practical comment 
of President Mills ; the handsome response of J. William Rice, 
Treasurer for Rhode Island, and for a score of years a mem- 
ber of the National Committee ; and the provident wis- 
dom of Mr. I. F. Kingsbury, of Newton, Massachusetts, 
who makes himself a subscriber for twenty years to 

Again, what will 
you do? 

* * * RESPONSES * * * 

C From President Mills — "Enclosed you zvill find my check for $2.50 
which will pay my subscription since the revision of the magazine. The mis- 
sion of the Home Missionary to our constituency has been steadily grozving 
in my own mind." 

C From J. William Rice, Treasurer of the Rhode Island Society— 
"Your appeal touches me, and here are $5.00 for ten years subscription. Nozv, 
if the other fellozvs will go and do likewise, zvhy there you are, a free man. 
The March number is first-class and zvorth the money." 

C From Isaac F. Kingsbury. West Newton, Massachusetts — "In replv 
to your query 'what zvill you do?' I enclose herewith check for $10 to pay in 
advance for subscriptions to the magazine. I am a life member under a pay- 
ment of my mother many years since, and in recalling her life and devotion, I 
am glad to contribute to this good work" 

C Other Extracts — "I cannot do without the Home Missionary, — the 
brightest magazine in religious journalism. I send $1.00 for tzvo years." 

C "One dollar for two years. We cheerfully surrender our right." 

C "A dollar for tzvo years. I have for some time intended doing this." 

C "For a long time I have had it for nothing. I send a dollar. It is well 
zvorth it." 

C "I am most heartily in favor of having the Home Missionary self- sup- 
porting, and it gives me pleasure to surrender my right to it free." 

C "1 am a life member of the Society, but must help a little more in its 
time of need." 

C "I have had it many years and am thankful. I am nozv in my eighty- 
sixth year. I enclose $2 for four years." 

C "For many years I have read it -monthly with great delight. I gladly 
surrender my claim to a free copy. One dollar for two years." 

C "I wish to surrender this right and hope many more zvill do as I am do- 

C "I heartily approve your suggestion. I enclose one dollar and pray the 
work may go on." 

C "I am perfectly willing and do it gladly. Many thanks for the receipt of 
ike magazine for so many years." 

\ NT) so fori 11. 


^ For MAY, 1907. * 


Hubert C. Herring, General Secretary 38 




George L. Todd 42 

NEVADA Illustrated 

C. L. Mears 45 


Jonn L. Maile 50 


Raymond Calkins : , 52 


Charles A, Jones 54 


George R. Leavitt 58 


L, P. Broad ! 60 


O. C, Clark 63 


A. K. Wray, 66 


Illustrated J. S. PENMAN.... , .... 73 




Published Monthly, except in July and August, by the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society 




vol. lxxxi MAY, 1907 no. 2 

For God and Country 

*jw «>JV *i« 

The wide, wide field of 

American Home 


Need Everywhere 
Promise Glorious 

Opportunities Magnificient 

«£p# <JJv «*Js# 

Hte /wws^ c/o oi/r par£ 


The Path Ahead 

By H. C. Herring, D. D., General Secretary 

UR SOCIETY will soon pass its 8ist milestone. Let us review the 
situation and take a forward look. An obvious place of beginning is 
zvith an inquiry concerning 


The prime element in our assets remains unchanged, — the Gospel of our 
Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Without this zve would be bankrupt. With it 
we have an immeasurable treasure. Its value grows from year to year in the 
enlarging list of lives redeemed by its pozver. To hold in trust the message of 
the eternal love of God in Jesus Christ is a great privilege for any man or 

Our Society is rich, too, in Christian men and women devoted to its serv- 
ice. A fezv are in the office at Nezv York, a larger number have oversight of 
the work as Superintendents and Secretaries, in forty-six States and Terri- 
tories; a still larger number are serving on Boards of Directors and Commit- 
tees of the National and State organizations, and another company, outnumber- 
ing all, are preaching the Gospel under the Society's commission in every cor- 
ner of the land. Add to this the supporters of the work whose prayers and 
gifts enable it to go on, and zve find ourselves in the fellowship of a great com- 
pany zuho belong to our Society, and to whom it belongs. 

During the past tzvo years, the Society has been in the process of reshaping 
its organization so as to drazv together these varied forces in close relations for 
effective service. This process is nozv happily completed. With great unan- 
imity and heartiness the supporters of our zvork all over the land are making 
ready for an advance. An outline of the Society's organization will be found 
elsewhere in this issue. 

Turning to the question of money assets, the Treasurer's report on another 
page shows invested funds to the amount of $469,198.51, an increase of $75,- 
349.15 during the past year. This is a cheering grozvth in our resources. But 
if the debt of $179,926.07 reported April 1, is to be regarded as an asset, it 
must be because of the demand which it makes upon us for quickened faith and 
more earnest prayer. May God give us grace to put the day of debt forever in 
the past! The sum named is $4,000 less than the debt of a year ago. 


This is a growing nation. In all its elements, desirable and undesirable, 
there is expansion. There has never been a time in its history when the call for 
home missionary effort zt'as so great. Four chief types of zvork demand our 

1. The Frontier. The remark is often made that zve no longer have a 
frontier. There is more error than truth in the statement. Wherever an In- 
dian reservation is being opened for settlement, wherever irrigation is redeem- 
ing a great tract of desert, zvherever the discovery of valuable ore starts a nezv 
mining town, wherever the building of a line of railroad brings land hither- 
to valueless into the market, zvherever the erection of a great industrial plant 
makes a city out of a farm, — there you have a frontier as truly as at any stage 
of our history. And these things are being done all over the West. We are 
not keeping pace zvith the demands thus made. 


2. The Country and Village. All over the East and Middle West 
there are communities and churches, long founded, which once had strength or 
the promise of strength. In the shifting of population which goes on in our 
land in extraordinary degree, they find themselves weakened so that the mainte- 
nance of the church is impossible. The buildings are there. A nucleus of 
Christian people is there. Around them are many zvho need the Word of God. 
But without outside help a minister cannot be supported, godlessness creeps in 
and the community lapses towards barbarism. There is no more sacred obliga- 
tion upon the Christian people of this land than to come to the aid of these 
struggling bands of Christians. 

3. The Immigrant. Three thousand people a day come to us from 
foreign shores. They bring a babel of tongues and a medley of customs. They 
bring an even greater confusion of beliefs and no beliefs. We must address 
ourselves to the task of teaching them the truth as it is in Jesus. For their 
sake, for our own sake, for our nation's sake, for Christ's sake, we must shep- 
herd them as they scatter abroad throughout the land. Most of them need the 
Gospel in their ozvn tongue. This means a complicated and exacting task. But 
we cannot decline it. Our Society needs resources to push its work in all the 
thirteen tongues in which it is nozv preaching the Gospel. The zvork in Cuba 
is essentially a part of this duty. Nowhere in the zvorld does the message of 
Christ find readier welcome. The Home Missionary Societies of six Protestant 
denominations are at zvork there and all zvith much encouragement. 

4. The Cities. No emphasis is needed upon the urgency of this task. 
Our cities are multiplying and growing with rapid strides. In them all are 
tzvo dangerous classes — the pleasure seeking rich and the irresponsible poor. 
Society is threatened from both extremes of the social scale. 

It is the imperative obligation of Christian men — poor and rich — to labor 
and pray zvith unstinted diligence to save our cities. If progress seems slozv in 
the staying of civic corruption, or the checking of sensual indulgence, there is 
no cause for discouragement. Our prime concern is so to carry our message to 
tenement and mansion that many shall be turned from darkness to light, from 
the power of Satan unto God. The results zvill shozv in the city's life as the 
years go by. 

Into each of these four avenues of effort there is urgent need that zve 
should push zvith all our power. 


Comprehensively , it is our plan to maintain and enlarge our zvork along 
the lines just named, so far and so fast as our resources permit. But under 
this general plan certain specifications should be made. 

The Society will confine itself to the task for zvhich it exists — the planting 
and maintenance of Congregational Churches. This one thing zve do. Other 
sorts of effort have their due and indispensable place. This sort falls to us and 
has boundless claims upon our devotion. 

We shall in this zvork co-operate closely zvith other homeland societies 
representing our fellozvship of churches. In the interest of both economy and 
efficiency, we shall spare no pains to make our zvork aid theirs, and utilize theirs 
to aid ours. 

We shall plant churches, not for denominational glory, but for the advance 
of the Kingdom. We shall stand ready to enter into equitable arrangement 
with any denomination of Christian people as to the occupancy of new fields. 
We shall not continue to support a church in a given place solely because it is 
there. The question must always be whether it is needed there. On the other 
hand, we shall not lightly surrender any of our churches. We believe that God 
has given us a special and honorable place in the sisterhood of churches, and 


that we have no right to withdraw before the unwarranted encroachment of 
other denominations. We hope, both by our readiness for relations of comity, 
and by our refusal to be crozvded out, to promote the better day when the fric- 
tion of sects will cease. 

We shall be deeply concerned to promote the spirit of evangelism. Our 
Society is evangelistic in its very nature. To extend the rule of Christ over the 
hearts of men is our one aim. We shall not be content, except as we do all that 
lies in our power to make dominant the desire to bring men and zvomen and 
children to accept Christ. The evangelistic spirit should permeate the teaching 
and upbuilding work of the church, the nurture of the little ones of the Hock, 
and all its educational agencies, as well as the specific endeavor to bring tneti 
to the acceptance and confession of Christ. 

We shall seek close relationship zvith the agencies by zvhich the ministry 
of the church is trained. It is of the highest importance to our zOork that we 
have men sufficient in number and adequate in equipment for the important tasks 
with zvhich we are charged. Increased receipts zvill not enable us to meet our 
responsibility, unless there is at hand also a supply of ministers with ample 
spiritual and mental endozvment, ready for service in hard places. 

We shall endeavor to use the money entrusted to us zvith rigid economy. 
We shall guard to the best of our ability against every form of zvaste. But we 
shall remember that the highest economy is effective use, and seek to avoid the 
parsimony which issues in loss. We shall endeavor not to outrun the desire of 
the churches in the assumption of obligations, nor to disgrace them by timid 
distrust of their interest in the cause we seek to serve. 


Four hundred and seventy thousand dollars is the sum named by the Ad- 
visory Committee of the National Council, as needed by our Society for the* 
current year. This includes all amounts received by the State Home Missionary 
Societies, as well as by the National Society. It does not include receipts from 
legacies and investments. Our Society has accepted the sum named as the 
financial goal for the year. If it is received and the legacy receipts do not de- 
crease, it zvill be possible to maintain the work now in existence, make some ex- 
tensions at points of pressing need, and reduce the debt to more manageable di- 

It should be understood, hozvever, that if the gifts of the year fall short of 
the $410,000 in any considerable degree, it zvill mean continuation of the pres- 
ent restricted scale of effort and no reduction of debt. 

We, are, therefore, in co-operation zvith the State Home Missionary So- 
cieties, laying plans for bringing the needs of home missions to every Congre- 
gational Church and every Congregationalist from Maine to California during 
the current year. We ask for a cordial zvelcome to our presentation and a 
generous response. We need from each individual, not a contribution to a col- 

For men of means this subscription may zvell take the form of large gifts 
for special purposes, such as we stand ready to suggest. But, zvhether large or 
small, zve most earnestly urge that the gifts of the year be deliberate and prayer- 
ful, dictated by a sense of the immeasurable importance to America and to the 
zvorld, to time and to eternity, of winning our land for Christ. 

We ask all our fellozv Congregationalists to join us in the re-dedication of 
our efforts and our substance to a forward movement in Home Missions. 

It is a high responsibility which rests upon us. Our past history, 




grace we will make that future the fulfillment of the prophecy of 
our past. we will claim abundant share in- the endeavor to establish 
the rule of christ in all hearts throughout the length and breadth 
of our broad land. tlie board of directors of the home missionary so- 
ciety sent from its meeting last january this word: "the time is a 
crisis. The tides of destiny will not wait. The summons is to our 
entire Congregational fellowship, to every pastor, to every church, to 
every member. The challenge of the situation is the voice of God." 
These are strong words, but they express soberly and accurately the 
nature of the obligation which rests upon us. may the grace of god 
enable us to meet it. 

The Organization of the Society 

1. It is a body consisting of delegates chosen by State Congregational 
Home Missionary Societies. Each Society sends three and one additional for 
each 5000 members of churches forming its constituency. Certain life members 
of the Society also have the privilege of voting. 

2. The territory under its care is for the purpose of its zvork divided into 
three classes: (a) States zvhich raise sufficient money to support the Home 
Misionary work carried on by them. These are knozvn as Constituent States: 
(b) States zvhich fall short of this, but have duly organised Missionary So- 
cieties and contribute a certain percentage of the amount expended within their 
bounds. These are known as Co-operating States: (c) States and territories 
not meeting above conditions ; these are knozvn as Missionary Districts. 

3. Its executive agency is a Board of Directors, chosen at the annual meet- 
ing of the Society, one from each Constituent State and six at large, and an 
Executive Committee of nine chosen by the board to act in its behalf in the de- 
tailed conduct of the affairs of the Society. 

4. The chief administrative officer of the Society is called the General Sec- 
retary. Assistant Secretaries to aid him in his task are appointed by the Board. 

5. All amounts raised in Co-operating States and Missionary Districts go 
to the treasury of the National Society, together with a certain percentage of 
amounts raised in Constituent States, the schedule of the latter being fixed by 
the Board of Directors. 


IN THE summary financial statement for the fiscal year that closed March 
31, zvhich follozvs, it will be observed that zvhile receipts for current work 
are somezvhat less than for the previous year, there has been a gratifying 
increase in the invested funds of the Society in these past twelve months. 

Invested Funds, April 1, 1906 $393,849.36 

Invested Funds, April 1, 1907 469,198.51 

Increase • 75,349-15 

Receipts for Current Work, 1905-06 .$253,435.55 

Receipts for Current Work. 1906-07 223,889.48 

Decrease 29,546.07 

Debt, April 1, 1907 $179,926.67 

Rev. Jose Fortuny-Salvado 

By George L. Todd, D. D. 

ONE MORNING in the latter 
part of May, 1903, a Jesuit 
priest of the order of the Escol- 
apios, called at the mission rooms of 
the Congregational Church in Havana 
and asked to see the Superior. His 
request being granted he briefly in- 
troduced himself and presented a lit- 
tle book entitled "The Divine Plan," 
saying as he did so, "I would be 
pleased to have you read this book. 
I am interested in a new propaganda 
and at some convenient time would 
like to talk the matter over with you." 
He expressed his interest in all good 
work and went away. The little book 
contained a concise statement of the 
nature and attributes of God, the plan 
of salvation, the nature and power of 
the Holy Spirit; from these were 
demonstrated the Fatherhood of God 
and the brotherhood of man. The lat- 
ter part of the book was given to the 
infallibility of the Church, the Virgin 
Mary and the saints. 

A few days later the Escolapio 
called again and asked concerning the 
book. When told that the first part of 
the book was very acceptable but that 
the last part was contrary to our be- 
lief and practice, he smiled and said, 
"Your objections need not separate 
us." He then requested that some 
evening be appointed and a place 
designated where we might talk over 
the matter by ourselves, for, said he, 
"It is not well for me to be seen here 
too often." He was evidently troubled 
and appeared very much in earnest. 
An evening was agreed upon when he 
should come to the pastor's house and 
be given opportunity to say what he 
might wish to say. At the appointed 
time he appeared, dressed like ordi- 
nary men. As he entered the house he 
said very significantly, "We some- 
times dress in this manner at night." 
The conversation continued until a 

late hour. He said that he was one 
of a number appointed to formulate a 
working plan by which to reclaim 
Cuba for the Romish Church and de- 
feat Protestantism in the island. He 
found that he knew very little about 
the faith which he was combating, 
and began to study the matter to learn 
what Protestantism really stood for. 
He re-read church history with a new 
object in view. He had come to look 
upon Martin Luther as a hero. Said 
he, "had I been in his place, and able 
to do so, I would have done as he did. 
Martin Luther protested against the 
evils of the church. I have been do- 
ing so for years. In fact, I have been 
a Protestant for a long time without 
knowing it. I cannot express my 
views openly nor can I conscientiously 
remain silent. I must help to right a 
great wrong. It is a difficult thing to 
break away from old associations and 
old traditions ; it will lead to persecu- 
tion and perhaps death, but I cannot 
live the life of a hypocrite. My own 
brother is the director of the Escol- 
apio College in Guanabacoa ; it is a 
wealthv institution and the most im- 
portant of its kind ; he was my pupil, 
priest and professional man in Spain, 
and in Cuba, are my former pupils. I 
am surrounded bv a strong and com- 
pact circle." With tears in his eyes, 
he said, "What shall I do?" It was a 
crucial moment in the life of an honest 
man, a struggle of conscience with 
ambition, but the resolution came and 
he replied, "I will serve God and fol- 
low the right, let come what may." 
From that moment Jose Fortuny-Sal- 
vado was a new man. He had gained 
a freedom which he had never before 
known. His former associates follow- 
ed him and endeavored to make him 
recant and return to the Romish 
Church : large money considerations 
were held out to him, but he told his 
tempters to leave his room and never 
return. They soon realized that their 




efforts were futile and they left him. 
He often remarked, "Never before 
have I realized that God was with me, 
now I know it for He helps me and 
hears my prayer, I am conscious that 
He is present in my room. I could 
not do what I am doing without Him." 
He went into retirement for a time. 
The hair grew upon his tonsured head 
and the beard upon his smoothly 
shaven face. When he returned he 
came dressed as a man. He had put 
off the old man with his works and 
put on the new with his face glowing 
with a peace that surpassed all his 
former understanding. The first even- 
ing that Senor Fortuny-Salvado at- 
tended the church service he was 
asked to tell something of his ex- 
perience. His emotion was such that 
he could only say, "God is love." His 
tears were more eloquent than words 
could have been. Every heart beat in 
sympathy, and at the close of the serv- 
ice every hand clasped his in brotherly 
welcome. He found himself sur- 
rounded by friends, all eager to as- 
sure him of sympathy. That was a 
scene never to be forgotten. 

Senor Fortuny-Salvado united with 
the Congregational Church in July, 
IQ03. He soon became a helper in 

Sunday school and mission work. He 
wrote an elaborate article entitled, 
"The Triumph of Protestantism over 
Catholicism," which he read to an ap- 
preciative audience. Here was a man 
trained in the highest educational 
circles and in the best methods 
known to the Roman Catholic world, 
eloquent in speech, using the most 
perfect form of the Spanish language, 
at home in the fields of history both 
ancient and modern, well abreast with 
the times in science, philosophy, theol- 
ogy and current events. His work 
was fully satisfactory and he was 
commissioned as missionary by the 
Congregational Home Missionary So- 
ciety, and employed as assistant pas- 
tor in the Congregational Church in 
Havana. On November I, 1903, he 
married Senorita Gregoria Padrosa 
Subirana who united with the church 
on the same evening, having previous- 
ly accepted the evangelical faith. 
Senor Fortuny-Salvado was ordained 
on January 21, 1904, by an ecclesias- 
tical Council composed of the min- 
isters of the Congregational Churches 
of Cuba, assisted by Rev. J. M. Lopez- 
Guillen, who was at that time Super- 
intendent of the work of the American 
Bible Society in Cuba. Senor Fortuny- 
Salvado remained assistant pastor 
in Havana until March 18, 1905, when 
he was placed as pastor of the Con- 
gregational Church in Guanajay; 
That city was a stronghold of Cath- 
olicism. Rev. C. W. Fraser, formerly 
of Key West, had been stationed there 
since September, 1901. Owing to the 
strong opposition of the friars located 
there, Guanajay was pronounced an 
impossible field for an evangelical 
work, and we were strongly advised 
to drop it from our list, but the few 
members of the church there did not 
wish the work to be, dropped, nor did 
it seem best to the superintendent to 
do so. Senor Fortuny-Salvado under- 
took the work at great disadvantage 
and under very discouraging circum- 
stances ; with firm faith in God, a con- 
secrated zeal and earnestness, and an 
indomitable energy and will, he has 



succeeded in a degree far beyond our 
highest expectations. Beginning with 
a church membership of twenty-three 
persons and with many of them in- 
different, he has brought the member- 
ship up to 135, has gained the honor 
and respect of the whole city, and with 
little exception, the friendship of all. 
The mission-house is the favorite 
rendezvous of the young people and 
an asylum for the sufferers from flood 
and the terrors of war. Mrs. Fortuny- 
Salvado is an efficient helper. Their 
little daughter Hilda is a general 
favorite, and the well kept and com- 
fortable home is an object lesson for 
all who enter. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Fortuny-Salvado were born in the 
Province of Catalonia, Spain, of 
which Barcelona is the capital and the 
largest city in the kingdom. The 
Catalans are noted for their activity, 
intelligence and progress. Rev. Jose 
Fortuny-Salvado was born in Reus, 
the second city of the province of 
Catalonia, on August II, 1866, and 
was christened on the 27th day of the 
same month at which time his life was 
consecrated, by his parents, to the 
Jesuit order of the Escolapios, or Es- 
cuelas pias — religious schools — whose 
particular work is the education of the 
youth. At seventeen years of age he 
became a novitiate and for twenty 

years he labored for the bettering the 
mind of the young, teaching them 
faithfully, as he thought right; his 
doctrines were several times question- 
ed, but his superior intelligence and 
devotion to study brought him the 
honors of his profession. He has 
written many articles for publication 
which have been well received. The 
more prominent of his writings are 
the book entitled, "The Divine Plan," 
the article entitled, "The Triumph of 
Protestantism over Catholicism," and 
his recent book in pamphlet form en- 
titled, "Human Perfectability." He 
has published several religious- period- 
icals, among which were "El Faro 
Cristiano," and his present paper. 
"The Literary Review," which is not 
only the mouthpiece of the Congrega- 
tional Church at Guanajay, but has 
been accepted as the organ of the 
teachers' association of the Province 
of Pinar del Rio. Rev. Jose Fortuny- 
Salvado is an indefatigable worker, a 
prolific writer, a man of superior in- 
telligence and a devoted Christian 
character. The Society is fortun-- 
ate in having such a man in their em- 
ploy, and he should receive the en- 
thusiastic support of all concerned in 
the promotion of the Congregational 
Churches in the beautiful island of 


RE AT?/ SALV ^0 




By Rev. Chas. L. Mears 

"O, My Nevada, 

Dearest home on earth to me. 

Heed not their laughter, 

Who make light of thee. 

Love alone has vision 

To behold how fair thou art, 

And thy children only 

Know thy charms by heart. 

My own Nevada," 

"I am not ashamed of thee; 

My own Nevada, 

Thou art home to me." 

(From Nevada State Song). 

through the battle-born State 
of Nevada, in comfortable 
Pullman cars, with thoughts of green 
fields and populous communities, un- 
doubtedly wonder why Nevadans are ■ 
not ashamed of their state — and we 
must confess to our own impression 
on the first overland journey, when 
Nevada landscapes seemed a monot- 
onous succession of sage brush, barren 
hills and salt sinks, — when the Nevada 
towns were significant only for the 
plazas lined with saloons and gamb- 
ling houses, — in those days we sympa- 
thized with the prayer, "God call me 
anywhere, anywhere except Nevada!" 
After living for three years in 
Nevada, knowledge has taken the 
place of prejudice. The wealth of soil 
under the sage brush has been seen 
to blossom like the rose, the rich ledges 
of gold have been revealed under the 
volcanic ash, and back from the vil- 
lage plaza, has been found as cultured, 
generous and attractive people to live 
by, and work with, as can be found in 
any of our great States in the Union. 
Under the clear sky and genial cli- 
mate, we now join heartily in sing- 
ing — "My own Nevada, I am not 
ashamed of thee." "Thou art home 
to me." Nevada to her citizens is a 
land of beauty, of romance, of pros- 
perity and promise. 


We love to think of our State as 
the Holy Land, with Lake Tahoe as 
the Sea of Galilee, the Truckee River 
cur Jordan, with a suggestion of the 
low levels of the Dead Sea in our 
many salt lakes and the region of 
Death Valley. 

Isaiah's prophecies and the imagery 
of Scripture have eloquent interpreta- 
tion in the general topography of the 
state. One learns quickly to love the 
brown hills and desert places, and the 
trips of the Sky Pilot, through the 
desert is made an inspiration by the 
fragrance of desert flowers, the ex- 
hilirating clear air of these high alti- 
tudes, and nowhere could one find a 
more responsive and generous class of 
people, when the preacher makes his 
gospel appeal for help and co-opera- 
tion. ' • 

Nevada, the fourth state of the 
Union in area, is larger than the com- 
bined states of Maine, New Hamp- 
shire, Vermont, Connecticut, Mass- 
achusetts, Maryland, Delaware, West 
Virginia, New Jersey and Rhode Is- 


land. The state is a great broad 
plateau extending from the Sierra 
Nevadas to the Rocky Mountains. 
The average altitude is four thousand 
(4000) feet. The sun shines nearly 
every day in the year. In 1905, there 
were only four days that the sun did 
not make its apearance. We are free 
from the cold winters of the East, the 
blizzards of the Northwest and the 
deep snow of the higher altitudes. 

At the present time Nevada is 
prominent for the discovery of mines 
of fabulous wealth, the largest known 
mineral territory in the world. Yet 
the mines are a small part of Nevada's 
wealth. Irrigation is creating a rich 
farming country, with over one-half 
million acres of new land. Stock 
raising is extensive. Some single 
cattle ranches have as high as 50,000 
breeding cattle ; Nevada sheep bring 
a premium in every market. Alto- 
gether Nevada is a parish of 71,000,- 
000 acres, and the last year-book 
records only one Congregational 
Church in the state. 

Nevada has been systematically 
neglected by Congregationalists. 
Thirty-six years ago, Dr. J. H. War- 
len, the beloved superintendent of 
Home Missions of California, re- 
sponded to the request of some resi- 
dents of Reno, and assisted in the 
organization of the first Congrega- 
tional Church, but apart from the 
Reno church, which is only nine miles 
from the California state-line, our de- 
nomination has made no effort to 
establish additional work, until dur- 
ing the past year a small church has 
been started at Searchlight, four hun- 
dred miles southeast of Reno. 

Until 1902, Nevada work was in 
charge of the Superintendent of Mis- 
sions of Northern California, and dur- 
ing that period California was in- 
creasing rapidly in population and 
had use for all the available Mission- 
arv grants of the Society, while 
Nevada seemed to be on the down 
erade, losing in population, with liv- 
ing expenses very high, and com- 
munities small and widely scattered. 



In the years following the decline of 
the Comstock Mines, Nevada became 
a synonym for open gambling, prize- 
fighting and lawlessness. 

During the past five years, there 
has arisen a New Nevada. The 
United States Government began by 
spending nine million of dollars on 
the Truckee Irrigation project, open- 
ing up half a million acres of rich 
agricultural land. Then followed the 
great gold discoveries at Tonopah and 
Goldfield. These two events have at- 
tracted thousands of people to Neva- 
da, and in the past year so many rich 
mineral lands have been discovered, 
that cities and mining camps are to 
be found from the Oregon line to the 
Colorado River, and from Lake Ta- 
hoe to the Great Salt Lake. The Mo- 
hawk Mine alone has produced over 
six million dollars of ore in the past 

The railways are showing their 
confidence in the state by the building 
this year of about 1600 miles of new 
road, and the Western Pacific and 
Santa Fe are reaching for the traffic 
formerly monopolized by the South- 
ern Pacific. 

Every industry in the state is now 
enjoying great prosperity. Reno is 
the leading city, the location of the 
State University and the commercial 
center of the state ; Reno and the 
nearby railroad town of Sparks have 
a combined population of 20,000, and 
everyone seems confident that the 
present growth will continue. Street 
car lines are now being built to con- 
nect the City Railway system with 
Lake Tahoe and Steamboat Springs, 
and several million dollars is being 
expended on new buildings. 

Dependent upon Reno are the great 
mining communities of Ramsey, 
Olinghouse, Fairview, Yerrington, 
Wonder, Hercules, Victor, Rosebud 
and Vernon. The City of Fallon, at 
the heart of the new irrigation dis- 
trict, is only forty miles from Reno. 

The leading city of Southern 
Nevada is Goldfield, which now has a 
population of 18,000. Seven millions 

of dollars are being spent on new 
buildings and improvements. Close 
by is Tonopah with 6,000, Manhattan 
with 2,000 and Rhyolite with 4,000 

Eastern Nevada is sharing in the 
wealth and progress of the state; the 
railway is now completed to Ely, the 
great Copper Mining City, which 
promises to be the Butte of Nevada. 
AVith a population trebled in the past 
five years, with dividend paying mines 
and rich farms extending the length 
and breadth of the state, the Great 
American Desert vanquished by the 
Automobile and Irrigation Ditch, and 
Death Valley traversed by a railway, 
with thousands of people to minister 
unto, the churches now have a real 
field of permanency and hopefulness. 

The seven hundred millions ex- 
tracted from the Comstock Lode, was 
a curse to Nevada. The men who 
obtained the wealth took it away 
from the state and left behind nothing 
but men ruined by the Stock Gambl- 
ing, which they had promoted. Now 
everything is changed. The mines 
are largely owned and managed by 
men who are building homes in, and 
entering into the life of, the state. 
Dividends are invested in Nevada 
cities in permanent improvements. 
The old helpless, hopeless spirit is 
now replaced by a confidence and in- 
dependence that prophesies large 
thing's for the future. The first mine 
in Nevada without Sunday work is 
now operated by a New York Con- 
gregationalist. The hundreds of 
Easterners, seeking homes in Nevada, 
are giving every encouragement to 
religious growth. Our church at 
Reno has received one hundred adult 
members during the past three years. 
Other denominations have awakened 
to the opportunities of Nevada. The 
Methodists have about twenty church- 
es and a superintendent continually 
on the field. The Presbyterians have 
strong churches at Carson, Elko, 
Tonopah and Goldfield, and have 
made large appropriations for church 
extension in the Goldfield district. 


The Baptists have recently employed 
an evangelist to organize work in new 
communities. The Congregationalists 
in Reno have not been asleep during 
these years, with a rapidly growing 
city to minister unto. The members 
have worked and prayed for reinforc- 
ments for the state work. The pastor 
and delegates have made many pub- 
lic and private appeals to conventions 
and societies to take an interest in 
Nevada. With sorrow, the church has 
been obliged to refuse urgent invita- 
tions to organize work in Nevada 
cities. Now the first encouragements 
have come. The National Society 
with the Sunday School and Publish- 
ing Society promise to send a man 
into the field. The State convention 
of Northern California - has voted to 
take the trip of two hundred and fifty 
miles to Reno for its annual meeting 
in October, demonstrating its interest 
and sympathy with the neighbor 
state across the mountains. The 
Reverend John J. Pool late of Lon- 
don, England, now residing in this 

country for health reasons, has offer- 
ed to assist in the new birth of Con- 
gregationalism in Nevada. Dr. J. D. 
Kingsbury, our Western Secretary, 
at large, stands ready to lend his heart 
and hand to the spiritual reclamation 
of Nevada. The needs are growing 
greater than ever, and the situation 
calls for money and men at once if 
the Sons of the Pilgrims are to have 
any part in the Spiritualization of 
Nevada. Students are now in the 
State University at Reno, who, until 
they entered the University, never 
had the opportunity of attending a 
church service or Sunday school. 
During the past year some of the lead- 
ing students of the University have 
joined our church, and many of them 
must soon return to their homes, 
where no church privileges are to be 
found. A service was recently held in 
a prosperous town in the state with 
forty men in attendance, where there 
had been no service for six months. 
The pastor of the Reno church often 
responds to calls in neighboring 



towns to preach, where there is never 
a Sunday service. At least twenty- 
five churchless communities now pre- 
sent hopeful fields, if only support 
could be assured until the work is 
established. The days of opposition 
to religion, so discouraging in past 
years are now succeeded by earnest 
appeals for ministers and churches. 
Nevada is filled with people who are 
enjoying great material prosperity. 
They wish to do something for a 
Christian work, that is aggressive, 
progressive, brotherly, Christian. 

Nevada to-day offers a magnificent 
opportunity to the Christian mission- 
ary. It has generous, willing, men 
and women, who will repay a thou- 
sand-fold, any real interest taken in 
the spiritual welfare of the state. The 

only question is, who will come, and 
come at once? Shall the Congrega- 
tional denomination demonstrate its 
genius to unite the lovers of Christ 
into one, efficient, Godly, fellowship? 
It can if it will. 

Come! Sons of Plymouth Rock, to 
the help of the Lord, in a land where 
there is no false aristocracy, where 
millionaires and miners cannot be dis- 
tinguished apart, where the field is 
open to build up a common wealth, 
and dedicate its new laws and new life 
to the Christ of God. 

. "And a man shall be as an hiding 
place from the wind, and a covert 
from the tempest; as rivers of water 
in a dry place, as the shadow of. a 
great rock in a weary land." 


Southern California 


A Congregational Constituency of 
Thirty Thousand 

By Rev. John L. Maile 

IN THE extreme southwestern cor- 
ner of the United States lies the fer- 
tile plains, the encircling foot-hills, 
the lofty mountains and the tranquil 
coast line of the Italy of America with 
the preponderance in favor of Southern 

Home Missionary Results 

The Congregational Home Mission- 
ary aspects of this region may be sum- 
marized as follows: 

Tabulated outcome of forty years of 
Christian work — churches ninety, of 
which eighty-five were aided by the 
National Home Missionary Society, and 
forty-seven are now self-supporting. 
Seventy-three pastors and two general 
workers constitute the ministerial force. 
Houses of worship, seventy-four; par- 
sonage homes, thirty-seven. 

Total church membership, 10,000. En- 
rollment in Sunday schools, 9,000. In 
C. E. Societies, 3,000. Estimated num- 
ber of families, 6,000. Probably 30,000 
people look to these ministers and 
churches for as much of religious privi- 
liges as they wish to enjoy. 

Of forty-three fields now assisted 
thirty-one are served by no other de- 

Present Achievements 

During the year ending March 31, 
1907, the new fiscal values put into 
twenty-eight church, parsonage and mis- 
sionary enterprises amount to $164,470. 

Of this total, $15,000 is an annuity 
fund invested in the old-town branch of 
Bethlehem Church and reaches Greeks. 
Italians, Jews, Syrians, and other 
nationalities. The East Main Street 
branch puts into this plant $18,000 in 4 
per cent, benevolence, and reaches 1500 
artisans employed in foundries and 
machine shops near by. 

Our Swedish tabernacle represents 
$36,000, of which $18,000 is proceeds 
from former plant. The college church 
at Claremont costs $25,000. The re- 
maining twenty-four undertakings stand 
for an average of nearly $3,000. 

During this first year of state self- 
support, we raised and expended for 
grants to mission fields and administra- 
tion expenses $10,300, a total of $174,- 

Needs of the Work 

The forty-three existing fields must 
receive a diminishing amount of aid. 
Eight clearly defined new fields should 
be immediately occupied, together with 
strategic points which will develop 
along the line of another trans-conti- 
nental railway line building eastward 
from San Diego. 

Kern City is an operating center on 
the Southern Pacific system and has 
3.000 population. Here we have a new 
and small church organization which is 
struggling with the task of paying for 
a church building site and erection of a 
chapel, which must possess modern con- 
veniences in the way of class and read- 
ing rooms for week-day uses. An audi- 
torium must also be included for Sun- 







day services. Rev. O. F. Thayer is the 
efficient pastor of this difficult enter- 
prise. A large grant of Home Mission- 
ary aid is made to this field and gene- 
rous help will be needed from the 
Church Building Society. 

At Colgrove, Graham, Lawndale, Mt. 
Hollywood and Willowbrook, a church 
lot must be paid for and funds secured 
for the building of the house of wor- 
ship. Doldgeville, a branch of the Beth- 
lehem Institutional Church, located in 
South Pasadena, has dedicated its house 
of worship but is $1,500 short of the 
necessary funds. The church recently 
organized in the Garvanza section of the 
city and the $6,000 church property 
dedicated March 31, are largely the crea- 
tion of the untiring energy of Rev. D. 
D. Hill, the pastor. 

A Great City Outlook 

Los Angeles now has a population of 
250,000 and is rapidly increasing. In 

this city we now have fifteen churches 
and two large additional plants of the 
Bethlehem Institutional Church. 

In nearby circling suburbs we have 
seven other churches, of which six are 
recently gathered. 

Arlington Heights, Los Angeles 

Of our new situations, Arlington 
Heights presents an opportunity of un- 
equaled importance. An elevated mesa 
about two miles square in the south- 
western part of the city is being rapidly 
built up with houses costing from $4,000 
to $15,000. But three years have passed 
since the first residence was erected, and 
now more than one thousand beautiful 
homes are occupied by the owners, and 
the number will be doubled in the not 
distant future. 

Less than a year ago we purchased 
with the proceeds of a loan a splendid 
church site for $7,500, the equity of 
which has increased by at least $3,000. 



This borrowed money must be soon re- 
paid and $6,000 secured for the building 
of a manse that will serve also as a 
place of assembly until the church edifice 
c^n be erected. 

The creative epoch of this enterprise 
begins on the first of May with the com- 
ing of Rev. and Mrs. Stanley Ross 
Fisher. They are superbly equipped for 
the leadership of this commanding op- 

A graduate of Boston University and 
recently from Yale Divinity School, Mr. 
Fisher is accomplished in the languages; 
possesses instrumental and vocal abili- 
ties of high order; he is an hymn- 
uologist and skilled in architecture; also 
is a strong executive in numerous direc- 
tions. European travel has broadened 
his outlook. He is an effective preacher. 

Mrs. Fisher is finely educated, and is 
an accomplished soprano, as is demon- 
strated in the choirs of several large 

churches. She has widely traveled 
abroad and is experienced in church 

During the past twelve months their 
work at Ramona, Cal., has been a great 
success. A church edifice of the Eng- 
lish Gothic country style, has been 
built in a small village, and large ad- 
ditions made to the membership. 

At whatever cost of effort and sacri- 
fice, the money necessary to the strong 
beginning of the Arlington enterprise 
must be forthcoming. 

A large grant of Home Missionary aid 
is necessary for the first year, also a 
considerable sum from the Church 
Building Society. From this movement 
one of the strong churches of the de- 
nomination will result. 

We hail with gladness the inspiring 
outlook which greets the National Home 
Missionary Society in its reorganized 

Northern New England 

By Rev. Raymond Calkins 

Its vast area — In Maine alone 21,000 
square miles of forest — 10,000,000 acres 
of wild land — Rapid growth of popula- 
tion — Development of manufactures — 
Incoming foreigners — Great mission- 
ary problems. 

THE Home Missionary problem, as 
as it exists in Northern New Eng- 
land, differs in no essential respect 
from that problem as it exists in other por- 
tions of our homeland. The only point 
which needs to be borne in mind is that 
Maine, at least, differs from our other 
New England States in the vastness of 
its area and in the sparsity of its pop- 
ulation in its northern portions. Of its 
31,500 square miles of territory, not less 
than 21,000 square miles is forest land, 
and nearly 10,000,000 acres are taxed as 
actually wild land. Not one-fifth of 
Aroostook County, alone almost equal 
in size to the State of Massachusetts, 
has begun to be cleared or cultivated. 
The greater portion of the state still 
awaits its future development. Thus, 
the Home Missionary problem in its 

general features, is more like that of one 
of our Western States, than like other 
portions of the East, or Middle West. 

In Northern New England, we con- 
front, as elsewhere, the problem of the 
foreigner. There are probably 150,000 
French Canadians in the mill towns of 
Maine alone; 5,000 Italians are working 
in our stone quarries; 2,000 Finns are 
occupying and redeeming our abondoned 
farms. Large numbers of Swedes are 
cultivating the soil of Aroostook and 
other counties in the state; and of the 
Russian and German Jews, we have not 
a few. 

In meeting the foreign problem, the 
Interdenominational Commission is of 
inestimable service. According to a 
recent vote of the commission, that de- 
nomination which is the strongest in a 
given community where there is a large 
foreign population, is to have exclusive 
charge of the foreign work. If for any 
reason, that denomination does not take 
up the work, then any church is to be at 
liberty to take it. Our own Maine Mis- 



sionary Society has a missionary among 
the Italians, is seeking for one to shep- 
herd the scattered Scandinavians in set- 
tlements, and contemplates added work 
among the Finns. In Lewiston and 
Waterville, good work is being done for 
the French Protestants who have a 
flourishing church in the latter city. 

The country church problem presses 
in Northern New England as no where 
else. In Maine, out of 260 Congrega- 
tional Churches, no less than 150 may 
be classed as country churches, needing 
endowment or yearly assistance, if they 
are to do their proper work. The dif- 
ficulties encountered in keeping these 
churches up to their proper efficiency is 
increasingly great. It is hard to find 
men ready to go into these small com- 
munities and do the work which needs 
to be done. The yoking of adjoining 
fields is made difficult in our polity 
which vests full power in the local 
church, which often declines to be yoked 
with another. Much patience is required, 
and the progress is slow. 

Peculiar to Maine is its sea-coast 
work, and its island churches. There is 
a flourishing church to-day at Matinicus 
Island, twenty miles out at sea from 
Rockland, and work is being carried on 
also at Outer Long Island, Little Deer 
Isle, Isle au Haut, Deer Isle, Cranberry 
Island and elsewhere. With its 3,000 
miles of coastline, Maine presents al- 
most unlimited opportunities for work 
which thus far the Maine Missionary So- 
ciety has not been able to meet as it 
should. There are so many little set- 
tlements, and their isolation and destitu- 
tion are so great that a considerable out- 
lay is necessary to equip and maintain 
an adequate force to do the work. 
Several missionaries provided with 
power boats could spend their whole 
time cruising about these islands and 
sea-coast settlements preaching a Gos- 
pel of righteousness, of brotherliness 
and of hope. 

The missionary problem in Northern 

New England is bound to become more 
pressing as the unoccupied territory is 
opened up and made economically valu- 
able. We are on the eve, here in Maine, 
of a great industrial advance, and the 
story of Rumford Falls, Millinocket, 
which equal in their sudden development 
that of any western communities, is 
bound to be repeated many times over 
in the coming years. No less than three 
railroad projects recently determined up- 
on, are to open up all the northern 
wilderness. The Alleguash branch of the 
Bangor and Aroostook Railroad is to 
penetrate a distance of 175 miles to the 
sources of the St. John River. The 
Somerset Railroad, recently acquired by 
the Boston and Maine, is to run north 
from the west shore of Moosehead Lake 
to the Canadian frontier, and the Port- 
land and Rumford Falls road is to ex- 
tend northward from the Rangeley 
Lakes to the Canadian-Pacific, opening 
up an entirely new territory. All of 
these extensions mean the bringing in- 
to the state of new business, the develop- 
ment of great tracts of virgin territory, 
the opening of fertile farm lands in the 
Alleguash Valley, and in the wild coun- 
try north of Moosehead. Timber sup- 
plies will be made available which are 
not capable of being floated to the mills 
by water, and water power may be 
utilized now going to waste in the 
streams. With the clearing of arable 
lands and the opening of new settle- 
ments, will come the permanent ad- 
dition of farming areas and of man- 
ufacturing centers. Unless something 
unforseen occurs Maine is about to wit- 
ness a great industrial development 
which will present unparallelled oppor- 
tunities for agressive and constructive 
home missionary work. 

Taken in the aggregate, it is to be 
doubted if any section of the country 
presents as many, as varied, and as pres- 
sing home missionary problems as 
Northern New England. 

The Suggestive Claim of Pennsylvania and 
Adjoining States 

By Rev. C. A. Jones 


was the defiant claim of a 
lad to his fellow who de- 
clared: "You're it!" These three words 
might easily be made the suggestive 
claim of this superintendency to Con- 
gregationalism. For as yet the Pilgrim- 
Puritan faith and polity has scarcely 
touched this 129,030 square miles of terri- 
tory, though the Pilgrim Fathers in 1620 
headed for Virginia and rumors of a 
"Puritan Church" in the 17th century 
at Annapolis are still echoing in Mary- 

land; while the first Congregational 
Church organized in Philadelphia dates 
back to 1698. However, it was the 
Welshmen at Ebensburgh, Cambria 
County, Pa., who scored the permanent 
date: 1797. The 1906 record reads: 
West Virginia, 2 churches; Virginia, 4; 
District of Columbia, 6; Maryland, 6; 
New Jersey, 42; Pennsylvania, 116. 
Total, 176. 

Congregationalism Really Wanted 
These adjoining states stand ready to 
respond heartily to the friendly busi- 



ness-like grip of Congregationalism, 
spiritualized. Already a local denomina- 
tional self-consciousness is leavening the 
lump. New Jersey felt its increasing 
force and the Congregational Union is 
the wholesome result. Philadelphia has 
caught the Congregational contagion 
and now plans for an efficient City Mis- 
sionary Society. Washington, D. C, 
has suspicious symptoms of the same 
malady. And there are other communi- 
ties that have been exposed to the flying 
germs and will ultimately succumb. 
Congregationalism is in the air. It has 
something that the people want, name- 
ly, ecclesiastical, theological, scientific 
liberty. And what the people want, 
they will get, if it is not screwed down 
too tightly and the screwdriver lost. 

Invading the Black Belt 

This superintendency straddles the 
Mason and Dixon line. Within its 
bounds are all the historic battlefields of 
the Army of the Potomac. Here is 
Gettysburg. Here is Appomattox. Some 
of us are "Johnnies;" some of us are 
"Yanks." Congregationalism asks no 
sectional questions. So, with impunity, 
it invades even the Black Belt where 
people seem to know what freedom real- 

ly means, and hasten to fall into line as 
Congregational possibilities come jog- 
ging down the turnpike. Four brand 
new colored Congregational Churches 
within a year! Philadelphia, Trenton, 
Pittsburgh! A general missionary, com- 
missioned especially for this unique 
work, would marshal a host in ten years. 
Thus far these dusky-faced Congrega- 
tionalists have come into fellowship 
against odds, though not necessarily in 
poverty. The Trinity Church, Pitts- 
burgh, brought a membership of 198 and 
a property now worth more than $9,800, 
while they plan a $50,000 plant in the 
very heart of the Smoky City. Oh, for 
money to employ a Congregational 
Moses to guide this 20th century exodus 
through its wilderness into a desired 

Religious Reuben vs. Churchless 

If Congregationalism is strongest in 
the country where the need is least, 
and weakest in the cities where the need 
is greatest, it is high time that the cities 
be Christianized. This superintendency 
is an excellent territory upon which to 
make the test. Thirty great cities, most 
of them without a single church of our 


faith! What becomes of the domiciled 
Pilgrim-Puritans? They are submerged 
and, what is legitimately ours in money 
and men, signally sustains that which is 
not Congregational. Nor do we exactly 
regret this fact. We only wish that 
reasonable financial support would make 
it possible for us to utilize our own 
denominational resources, so that the 
Congregational branch of church work 
may not continue the threadbare tale of 
retrogression in the denominational 
scale. Once we were near the top; now 
we are second cousins to the twelfth 
place. Pennsylvania and adjoining states 
can help to rectify this unsatisfactory 

order. Touch us, fellow-Congregation- 
alists! Help to make us "it!" 
Opportunity's Open Door; Shall We 
Shut it? 
Nearly seventy urgent requests, most 
of them for city churches, need to be 
pigeonholed this year for want of money 
and men. Nineteen hundred and seven's 
apportionment has been generously in- 
creased to $7,000. Yet $10,000 would be 
inadequate to satisfy the absolute need 
of churches already eking out a strug- 
gling existence, to say nothing about 
New Work, clamoring to be tackled, and 
which offers a speedy return of ioo- 
fold for every dollar invested. For the 



local resources of this entire region are 
almost beyond computation, but they 
are slumbering. 

Local Resources to be Utilized 
Anthracite coal mining is not as yet at 
its zenith. Three hundred years hence 
will see black diamonds in abundance in 
es stern Pennsylvania. Bituminous coal 
fields in western Pennsylvania and West 
Virginia command increasing attention. 
There is money in coal lands! Why not 
secure some of it for C. H. M. S. work? 
Natural gas booms every now and then. 
Three miles from Kane, Pa., was recent- 
ly drilled the biggest gas-well in the 
world. It broke away and shot into the 
air a daily waste of 39,848,000 cubic feet. 
About $4,000 a day. Three days ot this 
waste would handsomely equip this 
superintendency for a year. Why not 
make natural gas-wells count for Home 
Missions? Glass making is annually 
growing. A new village, James City, 
Fa., begins its growth by putting up a 
million dollar plate glass factory. Two 
years hence 3,000 people will make good 
use of a Congregational Church. For 
ours is the opportunity to plant it right 
now. Shall we snap it? As for the steel 
industries, they have not as yet gotten 
their second wind. Millions are yet to 
be coined out of steel. Shall we see to 
it that some of these millions favor the 
C. H. M. S. work? 

The Personal Equation 

Men mean more than money. Con- 
gregationalism is getting hold of men. 
Home Missionary laymen like Supt. 
Thomas Addenbrook of Braddock, Pa.; 
Capt. J. H. Fleming of Portsmouth, Va.; 
Engineer Wm. McCannon of Susque- 
hanna, Pa.; not to mention the C. H. 
M. S. Anakim of Jersey, tells us "There 
is yet a brighter day." And, like Oliver 
Twist, we shall keep on shouting 
"More!" The next thing, however, is to 
utilize even still more all the laymen 
who desire to do far more than they are 
now doing, spiritually and financially, 
for the bringing of men face to face with 
Jesus, for this is the prime purpose of 
all missionary work. 

A Menace or a Making 

We mean the immigrant. Nearly one- 

fifth of the annual million disembarking 
at Ellis Island eventually make the Key- 
stone State their Mecca. Misguided at 
the beginning, the Scourge of Attilla the 
Hun will sink into insignificance com- 
pared with the disastrous issue of such 
an annual influx, at no distant date. 
Congregationalism to-day has no ready 
money set apart for a seed-sowing that 
a quarter of a century hence will mean 
countless Congregational trees of right- 
eousness. Except among the Scandi- 
navians and the Slovaks, practically 
nothing is doing in this superintendency. 
There are no funds with which to do. 
Five thousand dollars would start ten 
Immigrant Home Missionary stations. 
An Interesting Conversation 

"Do not these immigrants bring any 
religion with them?" 

"Some of them do; others do not." 

"Do not the respective denominations 
minister to them?" 

"They endeavor so to do. But a re- 
action obtains in the immigrant mind 
against the old country church and re- 
ligion. In the free air of this country 
the old people, especially among the 
reasonably intelligent, soon deprecate 
any compulsory action on the part of 




the local priesthood. The children take 
notice of this and they begin to grow 
decidedly indifferent; religiously, you 
can rate them zero. Then comes the 
public school and a new language and 
choicer American friendships, forces 
that tend to transform the grandchil- 
dren into religious interrogation points. 
Possibly the parents may be practically 
unchanged. Probably they will die in 
the faith of their fathers. The children 
are fast becoming utterly faithless. 
Probably they will augment the ranks of 
the rationalists, in the less reputable 
sense of the word. The grandchildren 
bid fair to become virgin soil for the 
choicest Christian seed that the choicest 
Christian can sow." 
The Conclusion of the Whole Matter 
This superintendency longs to touch 
and to be touched. We have a master 
passion to become a "Congregational 
It." Already we are $13,568 in the game. 
Plans are making to increase this sum 

for the ensuing year. Meanwhile, to 
eradicate all defunct fields and to trans- 
form their unused property into usable 
Congregational cash; to develop into 
greater strength and efficiency the weak 
fields that promise to bring things to 
pass in the near future; to seed this 
portion of God's Countrj' at stragetic 
points so abundantly that its Congrega- 
tional future may be assured, shall con- 
tinue to busy our increasing constitu- 
ency. Indeed, we are pledged as a local 
Pilgrim-Puritan force and as a C. H. 
M. S. national factor, "to aid congrega- 
tions that are unable to support the 
Gospel ministry." So should you in 
your hustling, interested reader, lose 
sight of us for a moment; we trust you 
will immitate the scientific course of the 
skilled deep-sea fishermen, who know 
that they have hooked a "record-break- 
er" — feel our pull and watch our line- 
cuts. Then shall our grateful asknowl- 
edmentbe: "You did touch me. I am it." 

Wisconsin, The Outlook 

By George R. Leavitt, D. D. 

THE EDITOR requests from me 
a view of "the most striking 
needs" and of "some of the 
great opportunities" of Wisconsin as 
a Home Missionary field, at this 
critical time. May the response which 
I gratefully attempt be half as good 
as the invitation which specifies the 
following as qualities to be sought by 
me: "For promise, make it bright; 
for need, make it strong; for oppor- 
tunity, make it overwhelming." The 
text is good. The fault, if I fail, will 
be mine. 

I. A Vision of Need 

Paul, at his conversion, had a vision 
of his relation to the world as a field 
for missions. Afterward, he had more 
visions. He was a man of visions, as 
a characteristic of his apostleship. 
One was of "the man of Macedonia." 
The aptitude for visions, in all the his- 
tory of Christianity, has been a quali- 
fication for apostleship. Samuel J. 
Mills had a vision by the historic hay- 

stack. He saw the man of Macedonia. 
Then, I had his vision — no, my own — 
in the autumn twilight, in the loom of 
the mountains with the breeze rust- 
ling in the grove, and the river mur- 
muring through the valley, and the 
echo of the prayers of generations of 
students in my heart, inspiring my 

Those are epochs of vision. I think, 
now, of Home Missions in Wisconsin, 
What an epoch was that when the 
State Home Missionary Society met 
at Sparta, 1899 and with fear, 
but, with an enthusiasm of consecra- 
tion, adopted self-support! We saw 
the great Commonwealth, still in its 
pioneer stages of history, but with 
over two millions of people. We saw 
our 240 churches, with their member- 
ship of more than 20,000. We saw 
the requirement of doubling our of- 
ferings. And we said, as Mills said: 
"We can if we will." And we did! 
But it needed the vision ! 



And not of Wisconsin only, but of a 
continent. What a vision we had at 
Sparta! A vision renewed for some 
years for some of us, for many of us, 
every year, since that memorable 

Through what an epoch of vision 
we are now passing, centering in the 
meeting in January, in New York, of 
the representatives of our Congrega- 
tional Home Missionary Society ! The 
center in that epoch-making meeting 
being the six hours given to ten 
minute reports of the field agents, 
giving the vivid, mighty, thrilling 
vision of Home Missions in this coun- 
try ! Whose only result could be that 
wonderful meeting following, of re- 
sponse to the appeal for heroic con- 
secration, with its convincing, un- 
changing note: "We can and we 

The appeal of that great meeting 
reached Wisconsin. This is the vision 
we see: One of the greatest Com- 
monwealths in the Union, never grow- 
ing more rapidly, its churches never 
so numerous and strong, with every 
type of Home Mission work rep- 
resented in it; the pioneer work 
largely in the lumber region of the 
north ; the fields, which, after a period 
of growth, are declining or station- 
ary; the promising fields certain to 
become self-supporting and strong; 
the city work in Milwaukee and a 
dozen lesser cities; its work for im- 
migrants and other foreigners — only 
thirty per cent, of its population being 
native born — my own city of Beloit 
being a representative community, 
with its German, and Swedish and 
Norwegian elements, its Greeks and 
Italians and Russians and Armenians 
and Poles, in addition to English, 
Irish, Scotch, Welsh and Africans. 
Never was our need of wise, con- 
secrated Home Mission work so great 
and so urgent. And, never, did the 
Congregationalists of Wisconsin 
more thoughtfully realize that Wis- 
consin is only a part of our field, that 

the Continental work, East, South, 
West, is our work, too, in which we 
must have our share. Nowhere was 
the interest in the reorganization of 
our national work greater than in 
Wisconsin, and the conviction clearer 
that a fitting response calls for our 
service, our money, and never did we 
more vividly realize that it is a new 
vision of the man of Macedonia which 
we see, the need of evangelism, the 
need of giving to men and women, to 
communities, the Gospel of the re- 
deeming love. This is our vision of 

II. Great Opportunities 

The need measures the opportunity. 
The question of our opportunity is of 
meeting the need. How shall we 
realize our opportunity? 

The answer is the same we were 
led, providentially, to give in 1899, 
when we adopted self-support. It is 
embodied in this brief prayer : "Give 
us what we have." 

(a) Give us the men and women 
we have : the effective use of our state 
organization, of the men like Secre- 
taries Carter, Dexter, Whitelaw, and 
men and women like our missionaries, 
as good and devoted as can be found 
anywhere, and of helpers like the 
students of our splendid academies 
and colleges. Give us, too, the effec- 
tive use of our reorganized National 
Society, of such men as Dr. Mills, 
and our new Secretary, Dr. Herring, 
whose hands, with all our consecrated 
strength, we would now uphold. 

(b) Give us the money we have — 
not to wrestle in competition with 
other denominations, but in a new, in- 
telligent devotion of co-operation. 
Give in the spirit of response that fol- 
lowed the Sparta Convention, when 
we needed to double our Home Mis- 
sion offering, and we did it ! The ap- 
peal now comes again. To meet the 
present crisis in Wisconsin, and be- 
yond, give what you have ! It is enough, 
amply enough to meet the need. 

(American Home (^sion3 

05 5ebn from the fl0Uf(T 

Rev. L. P. Broad 

ON THE top of a mountain in 
Southern Vermont, one thousand 
feet above the little village at its 
base is our summer camp. Its principal 
feature is a square log cabin, from 
whose pointed roof Old Glory floats 
throughout the period of our stay; but 
the glory of the site is the complete 
circle of great mountains on the wide 
horizon of the eminence, prominently 
Mount Monadnock in the east, Mount 
Stratton of the Green Mountain range 
in the west, Mount Glebe in the north 
and Mount Wachusett in the south. 

So these four notable mountains are 
at the four points of our cabin compass; 
and, glowing with enthusiasm for the 
redemption of our whole country, Mrs. 
Broad and I easily, in our home mis- 
sionary vision, make them symbolic and 

Monadnock, with us, stands for the 
entire eastern section of the United 
States, Mount Stratton for the west, 
Mount Glebe for the north, and Mount 
Wachusett — fifty-four miles away from 
us as the crow flies — for our great 
Southland. A glance at them all flashes 
before us our whole home missionary 

In making comparison of home mis- 
sionary needs, I invite the reader to 
stand with me, in thought, on our cabin 

rock and look successively at these four 
peaks in their representative home mis- 
mionary character. First we face 

Mount Monadnock. 
Now we are looking straight eastward. 
Behind that majestic peak the sun rises 
upon New England, first striking Maine, 
a unique missionary field. The Aroos- 
took forest country, with its one hun- 
dred thousand new settlers amid the 
moose, deer, bear and caribou, is a 
genuine frontier missionary district. Of 
Maine's 33,000 square miles, one-tenth 
is in beautiful lakes and rivers. All of 
the rest of it is naturally the nation's 
richest forest reserve, and only one- 
half of that area is yet cleared for 
Maine's flourishing cities, towns and 
splendid farms. In lieu of the foreigner, 
Maine has the spiritual care of multi- 
tudes of lumbermen and of the fisher- 
men on its extended coast. 

Mountainous New Hampshire and 
Vermont have their intense rural prob- 
lems, affecting the destinies of thou- 
sands of young people. On this very 
cabin rock on which we stand, five hun- 
dred to seven hundred people gather an- 
nually on a Sunday afternoon, for an 
out-door service, of whom many go to 
no church, Sunday school, or other place 
of prayer. 

Massachusetts' story is soon told. 



Magnificent in its history, patriotism 
and Christian benevolence, Massachu- 
setts has large home missionary needs. 
Unnumbered thousands from other 
countries dwell in sight of her Capitol 
building; while much of the western 
one-fourth of the state is a depleted 
farming district, and a missionary field; 
72,151 alien people settled in Massachu- 
setts in the fiscal year 1904-5. Home 
Missionary Secretary Ives says, "Mass- 
achusetts is the most foreign State of 
the Union." 

As we still gaze on Monadnock, we 
think, too, of Connecticut — brave, con- 
secrated to missions, overwhelmed by 
incoming foreigners; and "Little 
Rhody," able and powerful, but a foreign 

To complete our eastern glance, 
Monadnock shall also represent to us 
New York, the Empire State of the 
East, with its four million city, including 
800,000 Jews and 450,000 Italians, its 
Missionary Adirondacks, and its in- 
comparable Ellis Island, over which the 
irrisistible tidal-wave of foreign immigra- 
tion first sweeps in its steady inunda- 
tion of all America. 

Now turn square round, fellow viewer, 
that we may look at the home mission- 
ary West, over 

Mount Stratton. 
This mountain, you see, is alligator- 
shaped. Look over the head and think 
of Ohio right in the line of your vision; 
that state of heroic beginnings, growing 
industries, and great missionary needs 
among its foreign races. Indiana, just 
beyond, shows its new manufacturing 
centers on the lake, with mixed popula- 
tions; and farther on, Illinois, one thou- 
sands miles away from our cabin rock, 
burdened for the Christianization of its 
mighty city, and its southern mining 
towns. Then glance at the other states 
on the Great Lakes, Michigan, with its 
Upper Peninsula of snow, copper and 
frontier needs, and Wisconsin, with its 
religious problems of immigration to 
its north country. 

Now look beyond the Mississippi and 
see Missouri, with its struggling Chris- 
tian Academies in the bridgeless Ozarks; 

Iowa, with its needy rural districts, and 
Minnesota, with its northern one-third 
still frontier. Beyond the Missouri 
River you see Kansas, with its growing 
foreign population; Nebraska, with its 
foreigners and frontier; the wonderful 
new State of Oklahoma; and Colorado, 
with its plea for Home Missions to save 
its miners from the peril of godlessness, 
and its people from the violent clashings 
of labor and capital. Next^you glance at 
the Dakotas, with their treeless, pro- 
ductive plains, whose frontiersmen must 
be given Christian privileges while they 
lay foundations in that wheat belt which 
must yet feed our army of immigrants; 
Montana, Wyoming and Idaho, too, 
with their gold, cattle and advance 
guard of new settlers. 

Utah looms up as a dark spectre, still 
the slave of Mormonism. Nevada tells 
us of an extraordinary force in our 
national life, dangerous for so small a 
population unless Christianized. And 
since our southwestern Territories, New 
Mexico and Arizona are so identified 
with the West, we will let Mount Strat- 
ton also speak to us of their great mis- 
sionary needs, especially New Mexico, 
with a total population of 250,000, 140,- 
000 of whom are ignorant, superstitious 
Spanish-speaking Mexicans. 

And now, at last you see the Pacific^ 
and hear the beating of its waves on our 
western coast. You see the ships com- 
ing from afar — from icy Alaska, from 
China, Japan and Australia to our ports 
at Seattle, Portland and San Francisco; 
and you realize that the floodgates not 
only of commerce and of the peoples of 
the strange Eastern World are opening 
toward our shores, but of vice and social 
ruin as well. Our flash-light view of 
the West is ended. Instinctively you 
exclaim as you meditate for a moment on 
what you have seen over Mount Strat- 
ton — "May the God of Home Missions 
save our West!" 

Next we turn on our mountain rock 
and look at the extreme north, over 

Mount Glebe. 
Far above the whole country, as thus 
far viewed, we see our Alaska, home of 
Eskimo and gold. But our missionaries 



are there, for all America must be 
Christianized. We throw a greeting to 
those isolated heroes, and pledge them 
our support. 

At this point in our observation, let 
us halt for brief re-capitulation. In the 
East, West and North we have seen 
everywhere deep local missionary needs. 
It may be said, however, that the older 
East and the West fraternize warmly 
with each other to meet those needs. 
The two sections are one in every 
ambition and interest. There are, more- 
over, wealth, general intelligence, zeal 
for education and missionary enterprise 
in this whole vast district north of 
Mason and Dixon's line. It cannot be 
said either, that if any one of these 
localities were not Christianized the 
United States might be disrupted. If 
Utah, for instance, were to become a 
moral sink, the United States would 

There is but one more mountain to 
face. We look at our Southland over 

Mount Wachusett. 
In our fancied gaze we approach the 
South by looking at Maryland, Virginia, 
West Virginia and Kentucky; great 
border states with southern traditions, 
sentiments and vast spiritual needs. But 
beyond these we see the ten extreme 
Southern states which practically con- 
stitute the unit we call the South, name- 
ly: Tennessee, North and South Caro- 
lina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Miss- 
issippi, Arkansas. Louisiana and Texas. 
In these ten states are 20,000,000 of our 
fellow-citizens; 12,000,000 whites, 8,000,- 
000 Negroes. Their difficulties are an 
unfortunate history, trying racial con- 
ditions, and great poverty and illiteracy 
of the masses both white and black. To 
these difficulties there are local excep- 
tions. But above all other obstacles to 
progress, towers the domination of the 
few in everything, from the beginning 
of the South's history to the present 
hour. We do well to remember that 
the Cavaliers, representing authority, 
and not the Pilgrims, representing per- 
sonal freedom were the first settlers of 
the South. 

That personal freedom in word, 

thought and act, which has been the 
North's salvation, has never been the 
boon even of the liberty-loving white 
masses of the South in their civil, social 
or religious affairs; and hence, all its 
ills. Persons, combinations, classes still 

Even the church life of the South is 
overwhelmingly hierarchical with an in- 
tensity unknown in the North; there- 
fore it can never nationalize the Chris- 
tianity of the South. In four years we 
cannot remember to have heard in these 
pulpits one prayer for our whole coun- 

Is it not the task of Northern Chris- 
tianity, to give our beloved South its 
spiritual and mental freedom? We must 
free the whites as well as the Negroes. 
The whites can never draw up the negro 
till they are higher up themselves. The 
South is not alone the 8,000,000 Negroes, 
but also the 12,000,000 white people, 
four-fifths of whom are the grand 
Anglo-Saxon "Common people," wait- 
ing for social and religious freedom, and 
an enlightenment of which they have 
never dreamed. 

In rising to its true life, the South 
labors under one overpowering disad- 
vantage not yet named — the sad lack of 
fellowship between the South and the 
North. This is, too, apparent to be dis- 
cussed. Christ has yet to unite the 
noble brothers, the South and the North, 
simply through better mutual acquain- 
tance; but meanwhile those powerful 
advantages for Christianization which, 
as has been noted, pertain to the East 
and West by the mutual confidence and 
co-operation existing between the sec- 
tions, .are largely denied the South 
This leads us to the profoundest ques- 
tion in our national life to-day, viz: 
How can this union of states perpetually 
exist if these disrupting principles of 
disunion continue to eat away at its very 
heart? Christianity alone, and not 
politics, can save our Union. 

The truth as it appears to me, may be 
succinctly stated thus: The gigantic test 
of the genuineness of Christianity in 
America to-day is its ability to unite the 
North and the South as one Christian 



people; and a first duty of organized 
Home Missions is to do its part by mis- 
sionary effort of every kind to bring 
this about. 

And for this mighty effort the way is 
now absolutely open; first, among the 
millions of practically un-churched 
"Common people" of the white race, 
who fairly rush to enlist under our of- 

fered banner of ecclesiastical freedom; 
and in the cities, where intelligence and 
the growing national spirit will surely 
give welcome and support to full Chris- 
tianity, especially under wise Congrega 
tional leadership. 

In a fair comparison of needs must we 
not give the South precedence? 

J he Treasure State 

By Rev. O. C. Clark 

Its amazing extent — As large as Eng- 
land, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, 
with 25,000 square miles to spare. Its 
amazing resources — Untold natural 
wealth — Its missionary promise and 

THE RESOURCES of Montana, the 
opportunities presented, and the 
burning needs of this great State 
is a theme calling for the discussion of 
a volume rather than a single page. 

Montana is in itself a great Empire. 
Ii/ extent it has as many square miles as 
Great Britain, (England, Ireland, Scot- 
land and Wales), and 25,000 square miles 
to spare. 


First: Its soil, and the outlook for 
husbandry. It is true that great moun- 
tain ranges run through the state, with 
their bald heads, capped with eternal 
snow. But aside from this there are 
still fertile valleys, and broad outstretch- 
ing plains, until the eyes wearies in ex- 
ploring them. 

We rank Montana among the "arid" 
states, and while its soil is rich, — it can 
be depended upon for crops, only as 
water can be provided for irrigation. 
But Montana is said to be the best 
watered State in the Union, and of the 
nearly 100,000,000 acres of land, in the 
state, it is estimated that fully one- 
tenth of it can be supplied with water. 
The factor of irrigation, then, in the de- 
velopment of the arid West, is so fully 
appreciated by the Government that it 
is taking an active part in it, and it is 

expected that next year the Government 
will invest $3,500,000 in Montana alone 
for this purpose, and probably private 
companies will invest twice as much 
more. What this means to the West 
can be understood only by those famil- 
iar with the conditions. A single illus- 
tration of what irrigated lands will pro- 
duce, is taken from the Government's 

In the Bitter Root Valley thirty acres 
of wheat yielded 80 bushels per acre, 
and sold for $1,368. 

Thirty-eight acres of oats yielded 90 
bushels per acre, and sold for $1,368. 

Eighty-six acres of timothy and clover 
yielded 150 tons, the first crop. 

Fruit also is being extensively culti- 
vated, in the western portion of the. 
state, and is yielding rich returns. Ap- 
ples, plums, cherries, pears, prunes and 
the smaller varieties, can be most profi- 
tably cultivated. The land in the Bitter 
Root Valley is being cut up into smaller 
farms, and devoted to this purpose, and 
the price of such lands ranges from $50 
to $500 per acre. 

At the present time the grazing in- 
dustry constitutes an important factor 
in the resources of the state. At the 
last official report there was over 5,000,- 
000 head of stock in the state, with the 
assessed valuation of $28,800,000. Sheep, 
Angora goats, cattle, horses and hogs 
were all enumerated in this estimate. 
The same report shows that the wool 
crop for 1904 amounted to 3,800,000 
pounds, and the average price per pound 
was 16% cents. 

The great forests of Western Montana 



also are an immense source of revenue. 
The out-put of lumber for year ending 
June 30th, 1904, was 253,819,000 feet, 
valued at $2,485,265. 

The coal product of Montana is 
rapidly developing. In ten years, from 
1893 to 1903, the increase of the output 
has been 660,976 tons. In 1903 it pro- 
duced 1,553,265 tons. 

Of course the material interests of 
Montana largely center around the 
precious metals. At the City of Butte, 
the mining industries are developed to 
a wonderful degree. It is claimed that 
Montana produces one-fourth of the cop- 
per output of the world, and that 98 per 
cent, of this comes from Butte. Four- 
teen thousand men are employed in the 
mines and smelters of Butte and Ana- 
conda, with a monthly pay-roll of 
$1,500,000. The Washoe Smelter at Ana- 
conda, has a capacity for handling 5000 
tons daily of ore, and the buildings 
cover 300 acres of ground and cost in 
construction not far from $6,000,000. 

This leview, then will give a little idea 
of the natural resources of the state. 
But it must be remembered that every- 
thing in Montana is only in its begin- 
nings, and notwithstanding the fact that 
statistics abundantly prove that the 
yearly wealth produced from mine, for- 
est and agriculture is not excelled by 
that of any corresponding number of 
people on earth, the opportunity for 
profitable enterprise is practically un- 

Notice some of the crystallized facts 
that stand as demonstration of what it 
has produced. Billings, probably the 
greatest inland wool market on earth, is 
just beginning to gird itself with 
strength. Boazman, in the heart of the 
Gallatine Valley, where her green fields 
bend with crops of barley, wheat, of 
oats that defy comparison, is still young. 
Great Falls, with a water-power second 
only to Niagara, with a powerful smelter 
in operation, still allows it largely to 
run to waste inviting mills and factories 
yet to come. Helena, the State Capital, 
with more money in her banks than any 
other city of the size in the land, — stands 
upon the site of the "Last Chance 


Gulch," where millions of gold have been 
untouched. Butte, with her mountains 
of copper, and Missoula, with her Uni- 
versity, the center of education and cul- 
ture, in the beautiful Bitter Root Valley, 
burdened with fruits and richest viands. 
These all are only the first fruits; har- 
bingers of a richer harvest still to come. 

In addition to the wealth of soil, and 
mine and forest, Montana is a sanitarium 
for health. The water pure and spark- 
ling, and the air free from malarial 
taint. These conditions all combine to 
make Montana pre-eminently the land of 
pure air, bright skies, treasure moun- 
tains, and fertile fields. 

With these conditions present it is 
unnecessary to say that bright, aggres- 
sive, intelligent men of nerve and energy 
from New England and the Middle 
West, and from across the waters are 
making their homes in Montana. And 
not only these, but the "adventurer" is 
there as well; the "get rich quick man" 
is also there. The refugee from justice; 
he has also come in the van, and stand- 
ing in the fore-front is the saloon-keeper 
and in every camp he is the conspicuous 
figure. All are here! A heterogenous, 
cosmopolitan multitude. 

What, then, are the needs of Montana? 



More than all else Montana needs the 
Gospel, and the fruits that the Gospel 
yield. Montana needs men of moral 
conviction, who can impress themselves 
by their sterling integrity and their 
habits of commercial honesty and their 
high ideals of duty upon this young and 
formative state. Men who can prudently 
and wisely withstand the inroads of sin, 
and defend and bolster up the institu- 
tions of Christ. 


Montana needs churches, and schools, 
and Christian homes, and she must have 
them, or the virus of sin and ruin will 
enter the veins of the nation and pollute 
the whole body politic. Montana needs 
men who believe in its future, and who 
are willing to give themselves to help 
mold it. Montana needs money to car- 

ry forward religious work, with the same 
spirit of aggressive enthusiasm that is 
manifest in material enterprises. No 
where in ail the land can men of money 
put their hoarded gold where it will 
bring more rich and lasting returns in 
molding the character of a great nation, 
than by helping to equip the struggling 
religious institutions of Montana. 

The mountain people in all lands have 
always been vigorous in thought and 
action. The people of mountainous 
Switzerland, won political freedom and 
established religious liberty while the 
lowlands of Europe were still struggl- 
ing in ignorance and serfdom. 

But no rock-ribbed land on earth ever 
had before, it higher hopes than the 
"Treasure State" of the Northwest. 
May God pour into this state consecrat- 
ed lives and consecrated dollars! 


Missouri and Arkansas 

By A. K. Wray, D. D. 

THESE TWO states have been 
associated together as one mis- 
sionary field for many years. 
In the latter state, owing to lack of 
funds, no advanced work has been 
done for several years. The one par- 
ticularly bright and promising work 
in the state is located at Rogers, in 
Benton County. Here we have one of 
the best and most flourishing Acade- 
mies in the Southwest. Our church 
here is finely located — owns a good 
house of worship and parsonage with 
ample grounds, and is entirely free 
from debt. The church and Academy 
co-operate heartily in the support of 
high Christian ideals and principles. 

The one other church in the state 
is located thirty miles from Rogers in 
the same county. It is in the midst 
of the fine fruit belt of the state, and 
has a bright future before it. 

The building of railroads through 
various sections of the state and the 
rapid development of the lumber and 
mineral resources are opening up, great 
opportunities for advanced work, just 
as soon as the finances of the Society 
will enable us to go forward. The 
next decade is to mark a most won- 
derful development in this marvel- 
ously rich state, and Congregational- 
isms ought to be in the fore-front of the 
wave of prosperity and growth. Real- 
ly a new state has been born, and we 
ought to take rank among the leading 
forces that are to help shape its policy 
and determine its rank among the 
Commonwealths. Now is the time to 
plant the leaven and sow the seed. 


The best thing that can be said for 
the new Missouri is that she has de- 
clared self-support. This is not the re- 
sult of any sudden accession of 
strength financially or otherwise, but 
rather of the awakening to denomina- 
tional self-consciousness and pride. 

We have come to believe in ourselves 
and in our mission. With able pas- 
tors in all our strong churches — with 
the evangelistic spirit dominant every- 
where — with great opportunities and 
great needs inviting to strenuous ef- 
fort there is every promise of great 
missionary activity and enlargement. 
We confidently say, "watch us grow." 
We are to incorporate the State 
Home Missionary Society and enter 
the list of Co-operating, if not indeeed 
Constituent states of the National So- 
ciety, at the meeting of the State As- 
sociation May, 1907. 


For purposes of convenience we 
may classify the needs and opportuni- 
ties under three heads : Great Cities, 
Mining Districts and Mountain Peo- 

First — The five great and rapidly 
growing cities furnish a perpetual 
challenge to our missionary spirit and 
zeal. To any one at all familiar with 
the staggering city problem in our 
country, the mere mention of five 
great commercial centers in one state 
suggests vast needs and splendid op- 
portunities for the wisest and most 
aggressive missionary work. 

There is to-day opportunity to 
organize two missions in Kansas City, 
one in Joplin, one in Hannibal and one 
in St. Joseph, to say nothing of 
Springfield and St. Louis. In not a 
single one of these points would we 
become a rival of another denomina- 
tion. In most of them we already 
have good Sunday schools, and in 
some of them neighboring pastors 
take time out of their busy lives to 
give occasional preaching. To delay 
in these places is forever to lose the 
opportunity and in some of them im- 
mediate action is necessary to save 
the situation. 

To work such fields successfully re- 



quires strong, well-equipped men; to 
comfortably sustain such men during 
the first years demands liberal aid 
from the Society or other outside 
source. To go at it tentatively or ex- 
perimentally is to invite disappoint- 
ment and ultimate defeat. To begin 
with, a vigorous self-assurance and 
show of strength appeals at once to 
the community, and wins the support 
of its business men in the initial stages 
of the movement. 

Second — The Mining District. 
Within the last few years a large 
section of Southwest Missouri has 
been transformed from a peaceful, 
prosperous agricultural country, into 
one busy, bustling mining camp. Here 
has gathered together in a short space 
of time a dense population from all 
sections of our land. It has been im- 
possible to provide day-schools fast 
enough to accommodate the rapid in- 
crease of population. In these camps 
thousands of men, women and chil- 
dren are living in temporary quarters 
awaiting leisure and money with 
which to construct more permanent 
abodes. Little thought is given to 
schools or social life. The saloon and 
its concomitant evils abound. Other 
thousands are living on the borders of 
the larger cities in the district. These 
constitute a "downtown" problem 
much as is found in the large cities 
everywhere. Take one example. In 
the city of Joplin is a section con- 
taining four or five thousand people, 
and only one church of any kind with- 
in their reach, and that a small, weak 
affair and located quite to one edge of 
the district. 

Here and there scattered ovr the 
district are camps that have sprujg up 
almost in a day, numbering from one 
hundred to five hundred people. In 
many of these camps or villages there 
is absolutely no religious work of any 
sort being done. 

Fully 95 par cent, of all the people 
connected with the mining industry 
of Southwest Missouri are native 
Americans. Many of them have seen 
better days and enjoyed better privi- 

leges. They have come here where 
work is plenty, wages good and 
chances, for retrieving losses in modest 
ventures are offered. Not infrequent- 
ly we find men and women of educa- 
tion and culture hidden away in a 
miner's shack, working, waiting, hop- 
ing for the angel of good fortune to 
return. It would be difficult to find 
greater religious destitution than here 
abounds. There is a crying need for 
missionaries who will live among 
these people and preach to them the 
Gospel of love and hope. The chil- 
dren in these villages will soon be 
men and women and should be trained 
in righteousness which alone will fit 
them for life's duties and respon- 
sibilities. It is their right and our 
plain duty to give them the help they 

Third — In some respects the most 
difficult problem that confronts us in 
Missouri and Arkansas, is the peo- 
ple that inhabit the mountainous sec- 
tions of the two states. This consti- 
tutes our part of the great work that 
must be done all through the South. 
Call these people Mountain Whites — 
call them Ozark Mountaineers — call 
them "poor white trash" — call them 
what you will, but you cannot deny 
them their birth-right as children of 
the Most High. 

For more than two centuries they 
and their ancesters have been seques- 
tered in the shadowy valleys, among 
the rugged hills and mountains, 
neglected and alone. They are far 
removed from the busy, beautiful life 
of this splendid age. They are 
strangers to most of the modern con- 
veniences and comforts that sweeten 
and make cheerful the ordinary life 
of an American. School privileges 
are the most meagre. Their religion 
is half superstition and half tradition. 
The Bible is practically a sealed book. 
The ignorance and inefficiency of the 
native preacher are appalling. Such 
religious services as thev have are few 
and far between. The late Rev. 
Victor E. Loba, who labored for years 
among these people in Missouri and 


literally gave his life for them, said : that no other denomination can ful- 

"I have traveled in wagons or on fill. Others are handicapped by their 

horseback hundreds of miles, and history and traditions. For us it is a 

have been in all sorts of gatherings, free and open field. Our polity ap- 

and have never met a native preacher peals to their free and liberty-loving 

with anything more than the most spirit. They respond quickly to sane 

meagre education." Regular preaching Christian effort in their behalf. The 

and regular Sunday school work are cry of thousands of children and 

unknown among them. young men and women come from 

These people are the purest Amer- the valleys over the mountains saying, 

ican stock you can find anywhere, and "Give us a chance — give us a chance." 

for the most part the virile Scotch- The Great Shepherd says to us, "Give 

Irish blood flows in their veins. ye them to eat." What answer shall 

Congregationalists have a mission we give them and Him? 
to these people, and can do a work 

Gleanings From the Wide Field 



HILL, Rev. Edson J. Moore, pastor, reports the largest Sunday school in 

C West Stezvartstozvn, Rev. Edwin A. Tuck, pastor, has tackled 
a burdensome debt. 

C Conway rejoices in a new house of worship, costing complete $10,000. 
Also the payment of a debt on its parsonage of $800. 


C Mt. J. Lillbach, Revere Training School, succeeds the Rev. V. V. 
Sundelin, resigned. He will visit scattered communities of Finns, 
gather them for services, and introduce them to near pastors and 
churches. This work is widening and full of promise. 

C Miss Signe Sulin, a graduate of the University at Helsingfors, Finland, 
has been engaged to zvork among the immigrants at East Boston. She can 
communicate with Russians, Germans, Finns, Szvedes, Norwegians, Danes and 

C Mr. Stachys Memerides, graduate of Anatolia College, Asia Minor, has 
been added to the workers among the Greeks in Boston and vicinity. 

C Mrs. Calliope Vaitses has been commissioned to do special social and 
visiting zvork among the Greek people. 

C Among the Finns the zvork has been rapidly extending this zvinter. 
Many series of special meetings have been held with numerous conversions. A 
church of thirty-three members zvas organized in Maynard and recognised by 
Council in January. Mr. Pekka Miettinen was ordained by Council in Dec- 
ember to the zvork of the ministry among the Finns in Maynard. 

C Regular public services have been opened in the Italian Mission premises 
recently provided at East Boston. Prof. Gaetano Cavicchia of Dartmouth Col- 
lege conducts the Sunday services for the present. A promising Sunday school 
of about forty members has been gathered. 


C Bunker Hill, a ''new enterprise" in a growing section of Waterbury. 
celebrates the new year by a voluntary reduction of missionary aid from $300 


to $200. 

{[ Alien arrivals in northern New England during 1906 were 8,546, in 
southern New England, 112,020, total, 120,566. For 1900-1906 the total is 

{[ Mianus, between Stamford and Greenwich, is starting the year with a 
new pastor, Rev. John F. Schneider, and plans for a nezv parsonage.. It is 
definitely hoped that permanent growth may result. 



ALBION, Erie County, is taking on nezv denominational life with the 
coming of Home Missionary John H. Barnett, zvho some years ago 
zvr ought well at Nanticoke (Bethel) and Corry ( 1st Church). 

C[ Pittsburgh, 1st Church, zvith its beautiful nezv modern temple, is rejoic- 
ing at the withdrawal of Rev. B. G. Newton's resignation, its efficient pastor 
and Home Missionary helper in works that are State wide. 

C Trenton, Nezv Jersey, St.. Mark's (colored) Congregational Missionary 
Society, with a Home Missionary vice-president, was recently organised. A 
club of ten immediately subscribed for as many copies of Congregational Work, 
Mr. William J. Webb, President. 

C Philadelphia churches and ministers are rapidly awakening to the Pil- 
grim-Puritan possibilities in the grozving Quaker City, and are noiv agitating 
the organization of a C. H. M. S. (Philadelphia) City Missionary Society in 
the near future. The iron is hoi! Strike hard and fast, brethren! 

d Portsmouth, Virginia, Rev. D. K. Young retires from the First Church 
with the Nezv Year, leaving a brand new $7,000 edifice, paid for, excepting the 
C. C. B. S. favors. This is a hustling Southern Congregational Church, zvith 
fine prospects and a fine opportunity for the Pilgrim-Puritan faith and polity. 
Watch her grozv! 

C The Superintendent, zvith the Nezv Year, sent out tzvo hundred and 
twelve Keystone and Cross (card) Messages, containing a seven-fold tocsin, to 
be read publicly in the churches. Many reciprocal replies have been very ap- 



ONE of the Bible readers among the Bohemians, in visiting a home re- 
cently, offered to leave some good Christian reading matter, when the 
woman indignantly replied that she was an infidel, that her husband 
zt'as an infidel, and that they zvere going to bring their children up as infidels. 
Our missionaries have a great deal of this to contend against. 

C Rev. William A. Elliott of Illinois, has entered upon the work at South 
Lorain, a very important home missionary field. That city increased in popula- 
tion 400 per cent, in four years, and it is said of it that there is "boundless 
deviltry, Sunday zuork and zvide open saloons." It is a field to tax a minister's 
best powers and consecration, and Mr. Elliott is proving himself equal to it. 


C The Iozva Home Missionary Society has tzvo missions among the colored 
people of the state. 

4[ At Des Moines a church, nozv numbering sixty members, has been 


organized, and a house of worship is so far completed that its basement can be 
used. Rev. H. W. Porter is pastor. 

C At Buxton, where there are five thousand colored people, a mining 
town, Rev. A. L. De Mond, a product of the A. M. A. schools, has been laboring 
I or a year with good success. It is expected that a church zvill be organised at 
an early date. The lozva Congregational Home Missionary Society stands 
under this enterprise to the amount of $poo. Six hundred of it, hozvever, com- 
ing from one man who is specially interested in the work. 

C The Union Congregational Church of Waterloo, organized a few zveeks 
ago, with Rev. A. B. Keeler, pastor, at the March Communion received forty to 
membership, thus increasing the membership five-fold. The Society assumes 
the entire financial responsibility of this mission, expecting quick and large re- 

C March 5, the Des Moines Pilgrim Church, just nozu resting heavily on 
the Society, had an ingathering of thirty-five, this being the largest access-ion 
in the history of the church. Rev. Arthur Metcalf began his work here only a 
few weeks ago. 


C Partnership in home missionary enlargement is Wisconsin's keynote 
in the new home missionary era, zvith a ?o per cent, increase for the sake 
of a 10 per cent, sharing zvith the National Society, and a moderate re- 
sponse to the growing demands of the northern frontier, besides supporting 
from extras a pastor at the University for students from Congregational homes. 

C A recent visit to a missionary field by the Secretary and Chairman of 
the District Home Missionary Committee, on the plan of the "New Forzvard 
Movement for Information, Fellozvship and inspiration," resulted in a saving 
t.-'f $50 on the proposed application, and the inauguration of plans for self-sup- 
port next year. 

C Effective rallies in different parts of the state are being held to get the 
problems of the nezv partnership, and the grozving work before the men in par- 

It is proposed to haze a National representative with Secretary Carter, 
ziisit each of the ten district conventions held in May and Tune, and also to hold 
rallies between times in the churches. 

C Further emphasis of the partnership idea is shown in the fact that April 
oth-nth in Whitezvater, the W . H. M. U. and Wisconsin Branch of the Wom- 
an's Board, for the first time hold their annual meetings together, and apart 
from the State Convention. 

C Federation is prominent in Wisconsin. Committees appointed by the 
State Conventions of the Baptist and Congregationalists held a joint meeting in 
Madison, March ipth, to consider plans for closer fellozvship and co-operation. 

C Nezv London, Rev. C. A. Boughton, pastor, celebrated the fiftieth an- 
niversary, Februar\ ?-/o. 

C Antigo, Rev. P. H. Ralph, pastor, celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary. 
May 22. 



BELLE Fourche. Since Missionary D. J. Perrin came to this field last 
September, the audiences have increased from thirty to more than fifty 
and the prayer meetings have more than trebled. This is the county seat of 
a country about the size of Massachusetts. A vigorous camping of civic righte- 
ousness has driven the half dozen or more disreputable houses zvhich haz'e al- 
ways reigned in the edge of the tozvn out of the county, and closed up saloons 


on Sunday. A reading room has been inaugurated. 

C Bryant. Rev. T. Leggette. A 38-inch Blymer bell has been purchased 
and one hundred opera chairs secured. Fifteen members have been received 
into the church. The Sunday school has one hundred and fifteen on the roll. 

f[ De Smet. Rev. Z. H. Smith. The missionary and family moved into 
the nezv parsonage during the last month. Parsonage paid for. 

C Glen Viezv. Rev. R. K. Chapman. A nezv church building costing about 
$900 has been built without asking aid from C. C. B. S. The old building ims 
destroyed by tornado in ipo6. Nezv building occupied for the first time Feb- 
ruary 24. 

C Letcher and Loomis. Rev. G. W . Kilbon. Special meetings have been 
held in both churches during January and February, the pastor himself con- 
ducting. The meetings in Loomis zvere especially richly blessed. Many young 
men were converted and a good ingathering is expected. 

C Revillo and Albee. Rev. H. G. Adams. At the Annual Meeting it zvas 
voted to come to self-support at the expiration of the present commission. 
About $800 has been raised for home expenses and $115 for benevolences. 
Twenty-three members have been received during the year, sixteen on confes- 
sion. The average attendance of the Sunday school has increased from twenty- 
nine to forty-seven. 

C Webster. Rev. M. A. Martin, pastor. Soon after taking the pastorate 
of this church in September, 1006, Mr. Martin commenced war upon the saloons 
and soon there was not a saloon remaining in Webster, where before they had 
been rampantly active and offensive to the public eye. Of course, some opposi- 
tion developed and it manifested itself in breaking the windozvs of the Congre- 
gational Church. But friends have multiplied and the church zvindozvs zvere 
quickly repaired, and Webster nozv looks like a temperance town. 

C Wheat on and Sunbeam. Rev. Guy P. Squire, missionary. Mr. Squire, 
who began work in a country field, twenty-five miles from RedHeld, as a student 
in 1900, and who has seen two churches organized and another ready for organ- 
isation, tzvo church buildings and parsonage built in a region otherwise entirely 
destitute of religious privileges, rejoices in nozv announcing that the Held has 
voted to come to self-support at the close of his last commission, January 1, 


C On the Burtrum-Szvanville-Pillsbury field, Pastor A. G. Washington is 
working up with much encouragement the adult Bible class movement. The 
Pillsbury station is in need of singing books. 

CE The pastor of one of our "frontierest" fields zvrites, "J have had one man 
on his knees to-day in my little backroom seeking Christ. I am hopeful, too, 
that his concern is genuine. J-Ie says 'the die is cast.' " 

C At Sacred Heart the coming in of a nezv family or tzvo has made it pos- 
sible for Pastor Wrigley of Granite Falls, to reorganise the Sunday school and 
hold a week of special services zvith good results. 

C Grand Marais, in Cook County, a village of four hundred zvhites and one 
hundred Indians, zvas visited in the summer by General Missionary Fellows 
i and fixed upon as a good place for zvork when times should improve. A Chris- 
tian physician resident there, has ever since been urging the need of the place ; 
no preaching zvithin eighty miles, the opening of the iron mines in the county, 
the probable developments of the coming summer, etc. There was no man will- 
ing to take, in a Minnesota zvinter, this country, eighty miles from anywhere ; 
and there was no money with which to send him, for the reduced appropriation 
of the Society for the state zvas already exhausted. But zvith March 1, God 
has given us a man of missionary fervor and martyr lineage, and put it into the 


heart of a member of Plymouth Church, Minneapolis, to furnish the money for 
the first three months' support. 



REV. B. F. MARSH, D. D., of Daytona, Florida, has led in the organiza- 
tion of a church and the building of a tasteful house of worship at Sea- 
breeze, a growing town two miles from Dayton. The building was 
dedicated January rjj. 

C The Congregational Church at Jacksonville, Florida, is croivded to the 
doors. It is probable that this fine nezu church will have to be pulled dozvn to 
make room for a larger. 


C Austin, Texas, is on Home Missionary ground. But it has a Congrega- 
tional Church about three years old that has been self-supporting from the first. 
It has built and paid for the most attractive house of worship in the city. It 
will seat one thousand, and the congregations are among the largest in the city. 

C A church of twenty-five members was recently organised on a train carry- 
ing Iozva people to Lyford, Texas, in its southern-most county. This is the 
modern Mayflower. 


C A Home Missionary church among the Indians of Louisiana has a 
Ladies' Seminary Aid Society. This Society recently sent $12.50 to Atlanta 
Theological Seminary, out of their poverty, because they felt the need of minis- 
ters of the Gospel. 

C Rev. Walter C. Veazie comes from Colorado to Texas to do general mis- 
sionary work. A dozen pressing fields await his work. 

C Rev. G. S. Butler, Professor of the Biblical Department of Piedmont 
College, Georgia, is preaching at the Old Circular Congregational Church of 
Charleston, South Carolina, zvhile the church is looking for a permanent pas- 

d The coming Panama Canal is arousing the whole Gulf Coast, and calls 
are coming to us to line the coast from Key West to Mexico zuith Congrega- 
tional Churches. 

C Florida has more Congregational Churches in proportion to its popula- 
tion than has Ohio. 


THE Rev. Karl Nezvquist. zvho has been serving Glenwood and Barronett, 
in northzvestern Wisconsin, zvith excellent results, has resigned his work, 
because of ill health, and to visit his aged mother in Sweden, zvho is 
feeble and failing, and desires her son "to come soon." 

C A pastor in northzvestern P ennsylvania writes: "Tzvo zveeks ago zve re- 
ceived a missionary box from the Broadzvay Tabernacle Church. That zvus the 
first missionary box zve have ever received; and zve zvere realy surprised to find 
so many nice things. They are a great help to us." 

C A Norzvegian pastor in northern Wisconsin zvrites: "This is a very hard 
field. Three saloons run open day and night, and Sunday is their harvest day. 
Indians and drunken people get liquor over the bar, without the least protest. 
Last zveek an Indian zvent home drunk, and kicked his squaw to death. When 
he awoke to zvhat he had done, he zvent into the zvoodshed and hung himself by 
a rope." 

The Home Missionary Church as 
an Evangelistic Agency 

By Rev. J. S. Penman 

ON ONE occasion Christ upbraided 
the Pharisees because they could 
discern the face of the sky and fore- 
tell the coming of fair weather from the 
crimson glory of a sunset; yet they 
could not discern "the signs of the 
times." They were in the midst of a 
great spiritual movement; one of the 
greatest spiritual awakenings in the his- 
tory of humanity, and yet they knew it 
not. It was one of those divine hours 
in the history of man, "in which," as 
Renan tells us, "Jewish society exhibited 
the most extraordinary moral and in- 
tellectual state which the human 
species has ever passed through," yet the 
leaders of the nation were oblivious to 
its significance, blind to its meaning. 
The scales were still upon their eyes. 
The veil was still upon their hearts. 

History repeats itself. A great 
Evangelistic movement is sweeping over 
our land. A mighty ethical reveal is 
possessing men's lives. A wondrous 
spiritual yearning is felt in men's hearts. 
Yet the leaders in the church are blind 
to the movings of God's Spirit in the 
ethical revival in society, unmoved by 
the spiritual yearning of the heart that 
wells up from God in the soul. They 
crnnot discern the signs of the times. 

They see only the impending Pagan- 
ism of the land; the' dominance of the 
materialism, commercialism, and sensual- 
ity of society. They do not see the 
fields white already to the harvest. The 
men in the churches are waiting in 
spiritual yearning and unuttered prayer 
for the striking of the Evangelistic note 
and for the sound of the wind in the 
passing of the Spirit that shall tell them 
that the new Pentecost has fully come. 
But the spiritual leaders of the church 
work on in blind faith without vision 
and without power,— work on in the end- 

less routine of services and of the 
ministration of tables. They are uncon- 
scious of the prophetic vision and the 
prophetic power. Here and there in the 
great cities, the Evangelistic passion has 
burst, for a moment, into a flame, kindled 
by the fire of a great soul that has 
lighted his flame across the seas; but 
the fire and the passion dies down again 
and the churches settle down to the dull 
routine of a formal religious life. The 
great mass of the churches and spiritual 
leaders are as yet untouched by the 
Evangelistic passion. It is absent from 
their work. It is wanting in their 
preaching. Evangelism has not as yet 
struck its roots in the life of the church. 
The ministry is not yet moved by its 
passion. Like the spiritual leaders in 
Judaism, they are content with holding 
the citadels of religion in the Temple 
and the Synagogues, — unmoved by com- 




passion for the multitude that are as 
sheep not having a Shepherd. 

What is the cause of this condition in 
the church? Why does Evangelism halt 
and waver along the whole battle line of 
the church advance? Why does the 
church abide in impotence and weakness, 
broken in its power before the forces of 
evil in our towns and cities? It is 
simply because the forces of the church 
have not been mobilized. Its energies 
have not been roused; its services have 
not been uplifted by the spirit of the 
mighty passion of Evangelism. They 
have not mastered the problem that con- 
fronts them. 

The Problem 

It is because the problem is national 
rather than civic that the church halts in 
its advance. It is this fact that gives 
significance to the work of the Mission- 
ary Church. What relation do our mis- 
sionary churches hold to this problem? 
Are they a factor in its solution, or is 
its solution to be found at the strategic 
centres of our civilization? 

They are the key to the situation. It 
has been the failure of the church 
leaders to realize the value of the mis- 
sionary church that largely accounts for 
the arrest of Evangelism in this coun- 
try. While, undoubtedly there is a 
strategic centre in religious work, there 
is also a strategic circumference. The 
scattered forces of the population in the 
villages tend to converge toward the 
great centres. In the Evangelism of 
the circumference of the religious life 
is the hope of the Evangelism of the 
centres. The religious problem is not to 
be solved simply by working at a few 
great strategic churches. The strength 
and power of the religious forces of the 
future are not to be found alone in our 
cities. Students of Social Science tell 
us that our cities are destined to have 
an enormous growth: that the life of the 
country tends towards the great 
centres and will tend at an accelerated 
rate during the next twenty-five years. 
The tendency in population is not centri- 
fugal, but centripetal. Population is 
flowing not from the cities to the vil- 

lages; but from the villages to the cities. 
The character of the rural population 
will largely determine the character of 
the urban population of the future. It 
is this fact that makes village and town 
Evangelism as important, if not more so, 
than city Evangelism. 

Nothing less than a movement in 
Evangelism that shall touch the life of 
our missionary churches will be equal to 
the problem that confronts us. If we 
would solve the problem of the religious 
life in our cities, we must capture for 
Christ the young manhood of our vil- 
lages and towns. No Evangelism that 
simply centres in our large cities will be 
adequate to solve the problem. Our 
large cities need Evangelism, — must sus- 
tain Evangelism, if they are to be kept 
and recovered for Christianity; but great 
missions, repeating themselves year by 
year, in our large centres, only touch a 
portion of the religious life of the coun- 

We are too much enamoured of big 
crowds, sensation, and advertising. We 
desire to save men "en masse;" we are 
not content to save them as individuals. 
It is want of this spirit that has led to 
the passing by of our towns and villages 
in the national work of Evangelism. We 
are still blind to the ways and the calls 
of the Spirit. We are dominated by the 
craze for sensationalism in our religious 
life. Now Christ's ministry was not 
alone to the cities of Galilee, but to the 
villages. He saved men not in masses, 
but as individuals. 

In Evangelizing the villages of our 
land, we save the Christianity of the 
future. The missionary churches are the 
strategic position of the Evangelistic 
movement. Paganism is not so danger- 
ous in the large cities as in the small 
villages. While the forces of evil are 
great in our cities, so are the forces of 
good. It is in the villages that you find 
the danger of Paganism, — the paganism 
that comes from stagnation and drear- 
iness of life, — paganism that threat- 
ens small communities where the con- 
ditions of church life are discouraging; 
the resources small; the ministry chang- 


ing; the paganism that grows under the 
drain of the best young men and women 
to urban life. Stay the paganism on the 
missionary field and you will do much to 
arrest the paganism of the city. Now 
how is this to be done? What is the 
method to be followed? 

The Process of Evangelism 

Evangelism, if it is to be equal to 
present emergencies, must be conducted 
with a broader vision and a more com- 
prehensive plan than has been as yet at- 
tempted. It must be made the normal 
work of every church. It must be de- 
livered from the demon of sensational- 
ism. It must be freed from the craze 
for mobism. We must do away with 
"wheel-chair evangelists," tornado evan- 
gelists," "whirlwind evangelists." When 
Pentecost comes, we may have a whirl- 
wind and speaking of tongues, but you 
cannot manufacture spiritual signs or 
spiritual power. The Spirit of God 
usually works in quiet, sane, intelligent 
ways. There may be emotion, but the 
deepest emotion is not on the surface. 
Christian people are weary to death with 
this sensational evangelism. They want 
evangelism, but it must be Christ-like in 
spirit and divine in method. They will 
no longer stand for the evangelism that 
is abnormal. They demand that evan- 
gelism work through the ministry, — 
through men possessed with the passion 
to save the lost. Evangelism must also 
be continuous, not spasmodic. It must 
be the normal not the exceptional work 
of the church. It must be continuous 
with the whole year of church life. 
Much harm has been done by spasmodic 
evangelism. Too often it has burnt over 
the religious field and left the church 
after it has passed, dry and lifeless. 

Normal evangelism will make more of 
Christian nurture and personal work, less 
of sensation and crowds. It will 
recognize the divine opportunity for re- 
ligious impression in the period of 
adolesence. It will throw its strength 
upon the crisis in the religious life, — the 
period of youth when the destinies of 
life are usually decided. 

The results of evangelism during the 

last thirty years proves the wisdom of 
this method. Seventy-five per cent, of 
the converts won by evangelists have 
been under twenty years of age; 83 per 
cent, of the members of the church have 
come out of the Sunday school; while 
most of the crime begins in the period 
of youth. It is at the period when youth 
is passing into manhood that the work 
of evangelism must be done. 

Normal evangelism will work in and 
through the church, through the min- 
istry of the church, by the membership 
of the church. It will lay stress on the 
work by individual for individuals. By 
this method the church has always 
realized its largest growth and greatest 

It is the spasmodic character and 
abnormal elements in evangelism that 
account for its weakness to-day. The 
national campaign lacks a definite plan. 
What is the effect of Gypsy Smith's 
v/ork in Chicago? What can one man 
do amid heathen forces of such a city? 
He is like an oasis of spiritual life in a 
desert of paganism. One Gypsy Smith 
is not enough for such a work. We 
need fifty men all working and preach- 
ing in a simultaneous mission. And 
they can only be found for the national 
v/ork when every pastor becomes an 
evangelist and is drafted for a mission 
in other centres than their own. 

Now in this work, our missionary 
churches by their organization under 
slate secretaries, are equipped to take the 
lead. I am convinced that all the work 
of evangelism will halt or be merely the 
play upon the surface of the religious 
life of the country, until this work is 
organized broadly and wisely. Never 
was the opportunity greater for such a 
movement than the present hour. Evan- 
gelism fails for want of a clear vision of 
its mission and a definite organization 
for its expression. 

Such evangelism must abhor sensa- 
tionalism; give up the fascination of 
crowds; empty itself of the insane desire 
for fame and advertising; be content to 
work in the ways of quietness and 
obscurity — making itself of no reputation 

7 6 


to win men to Christ. When Evangelism 
works in this way, there will be less ex- 
citement, noise, and talk of numbers, 
but there will be more spiritual results. 
Ihe Characteristics of this Evangelism 

There are three distinct notes that 
must mark the Evangelism of to-day. 
First, the scriptural note. The secret of 
successful Evangelism lies in the Word 
of God. Not the Bible of criticism, but 
the Bible of experience and life is the 
secret of power with men. 

All great awakenings in the past have 
found their inspiration and power 
through the word of God in the Scrip- 
tures. This was true at the beginning 
of Christianity. It has been true through 
all its later development. It was true in 
the Reformation; true in the Puritan 
Revival; true in the Evangelical Revival 
under Edwards and Wesley. It was this 
appeal to the word of God in the Scrip- 
tures that these mighty spiritual awaken- 
ings first roused the hearts of men. 

Never has there been a great spiritual 
awakeningthat neglected the Bible. Never 
have men been moved to repentance and 
righteousness but under the power of 
the word of God. 

That has been the secret of Evangel- 
ism in ancient and modern times. By 
the sword of the spirit the battles of 
Evangelism always have been wor. 

Secondly, the wooing note. It is the 
note of love, not severity, that must 
Christianize the Evangelism of Jesus. 
Men are not driven into the kingdom by 
fear: they are won by love. Evangelism 
has failed too often because men have 
thought they must "compel them to 
come in." Christ did not say "compel;" 
but "constrain them to come in." The 
note of constraint is not compulsion, but 
love. It is the wooing of the preachers 
in the sweet accents of love, laden with 
the spirit of sympathy and tenderness 
that wins the hearts of men. 

It has been well said, "Any man can 
be won, if we only love him enough." 
It is the spirit of love, the note of 
wooing that touches men's hearts. No 
Evangelism can be triumphant that 
lacks this note. It is not the severity 
and judgment of God, but the goodness 

of God that leadeth men to repentance. 
The great Evangelists and preachers 
have always been marked by the wooing 
note. They have won men because they 
have loved men. 

When the Evangelist and preacher are 
baptized again in the spirit of Christ's' 
love and wooing, then Evangelism will 
know again the power of the Evangelism 
of Jesus. 

Thirdly, the passionate note. This 
passion is the fire of God's love in the 
soul. No man can save men's souls who 
is devoid of passion. The passion of 
Jesus for the lost was one secret of His 
power to save the lost. All great move- 
ments in religion have been inspired and 
sustained by passion. No Evangelism 
has ever marched to victory that was 
wanting in the passion of God. Emerson 
has said, "Every great and commanding 
movement in the history of humanity is 
the triumph of enthusiasm." 

Enthusiasm, passion, fervor, agony 
must possess the preacher that would 
save men. Only through the passion of 
love can the breath stir the sleeping 
souls of men. Brilliant preachers, cold 
as icebergs may win men's admiration 
tion. They can never move their hearts 
and wills. A critic of our Gladstone 
once said, " 'Tis a pity Gladstone puts 
so much heat, so much irritability into 
business. Now I am as cool as a fish." 
And Mr. Morley writes, "The worst of 
being as cool as a fish is that you never 
get great things done, you effect no 
improvements and you carry no reforms 
against the lethargy and selfishness of 
men and the tyranny of old custom." 
It is by passion that great things are 
done; reforms achieved men won from 
their indolence and sloth to the life of 
righteousness. The multitude was never 
touched until they beheld the passion of 
God in Jesus Christ. It was this awful, 
holy, divine passion that has touched the 
souls of men in all the ages; melted their 
hearts with contrition and repentance. 

An Evangelism without passion is like 
an ocean liner without its throbbing 
engines. Passion is the power of God in 
the soul that moves, touches, changes 
the hearts of men. 

Appointments and Receipts 


March, 1907. 

Not in commission last year. 

Brown, Amasa A., Gregory, So. Dak. 

Butler, James E., Wheatland, Wyo. 

Gray, Mrs. Annette B., General Miss, in Wyo. 

Mygatt, Albert E., Herrick, So. Dak. 

Shafer, Theodore, Trinidad and Starkville, Colo. 

Williams, Mark W M Cummings, Caledonia and 

Buxton, No. Dak. 
Worthington, William, Seattle, Wash. 

Bliss, Francis C, Minot and Deering, No. Dak. 
Brown, Daniel M., Chamberlain, So. Dak. 
Brown, H. B., Agra, Okla. 
Carden, William J., Bremen, Ga. 
Carlson, Walter G., New Brighton, Minn. 

Champlin, Oliver P., Oriska, No. Dak. 

Cram, Elmer E., Maxhass and Pilgrim, No. Dak. 

Dickson, James M., Moxee Valley, Wash. 

Douglas, Alexander, Wibaux, Mont. 

Dowding, Henry W., Monterey, Penn. 

Fisher, H. P., General Miss, in No. Pacific Conf. 

Gasque, Wallace, Atlanta, Ga. 

Grieb, Edmund, Seattle, Wash. 

Holford, David, Douglas, Alaska. 

Martin, George, R., Pearl, Idaho. 

Mav, N. M., Murdo, Draper and vicinity. So. 

Michael, George, Walker, Minn. 
Miller, Henry G., Jerome, Ariz. 
Spangenberg, Louis E., Dawson, No. Dak. 
Saunders, Eben E., Heaton, No. Dak. 
Van Sickle, Cecil II., Panasoffkee, Fla. 


MAINE— $135.63. 

Bath, Winter Street 32.59; Farmington, S. S., 
20 ; New Castle, 2nd, 16 ; Portland, Miss F. M. 
Simpson, 5 ; Saco, 1st, 62.04. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE— $5,169.07; of which lega- 
cies, $4,987.58. 

N. H. H. M. Soc, by A. B. Cross, Treas. By 
request of donors, 16.09; Concord, South, "G.," 
20; Fitzwilliam Depot, 11.06; Hampstead, 2; 
Hampton, 13.34 '> Hancock, 3 ; Hopkinton, Estate 
of Harriet T. Kelly, 566.25; Pelham, Estate of 
Elizabeth W. Tyler, 4,421.33. 

F. C. I. and H. M. Union, Miss A. A. Mc- 
Farland, Treas., 100; Bristol, Aux., 11; East 
Sullivan, 5. Total, 116. 

VERMONT — $3,276.89; of which legacies, $3,000. 
Vermont Domestic Miss. Soc, by J. T. Ritchie, 
Treas., 158.83; Burlington, - College St. S. S., 
13.61; Ludlow, S. S., 3.45; D. F. Cooledge, 20; 
Mrs. E. Humphrey, 1 ; Middlebury, Mrs. M. W. 
Mead, 1 ; Newport, Estate of Mrs. H. P. Dicker- 
man, 3,000 ;Stowe, H. A. G. Abbe, 20; Strafford, 
9; Vermont, A Friend, 50. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $2,070.17; of which lega- 
cy, $241.74. 

Ashburnham, Cong. Ch., "C. M. Proctor" Fund, 
4; Attleboro, 2nd, S. S., 16.33; Cliftondale, 1st, 
add'l, 3 ; Dalton, 1st, to const. T. E. Warren, Mrs. 
M. E. Dyer and Miss J. R. Field, Hon. L. Mr., 
150; Dedham, 1st, 140.78; Enfield, 73.40; Great 
Barrington, Mrs. E. S. Beckwith, 1; Greenfield, 
1st, 20; Haverhill, Centre S. S., 20; Union S. S., 
Primary Dep't, 3.82; A. E. Welch, 10; Holyoke, 
1st, 9157; Ipswich, Estate of Abigail G. Apple- 
ton, 241.74; Ipswich, Linebrook, 12.55; Leominst- 
•er, F. A. Whitney, 15; Monson, 115.80; New 
Bedford, Trinitarian, 100.37; Newburyport, Pros- 
pect St., 57; Belleville Progressive, Miss. Club, 
3; Newton, 1st, 82.61; Newtonville, Central, 30; 
Northampton, 1st, Dorcas, 25 ; Edwards, 203.57 ; 
Pepperell, S. S., 20; Petersham, Mrs. E. B. 
Dawes, 100 ; Princeton, 1st, 56.56 ; Smiths, Mrs. 
L. A. Smith, 30 ; South Framingham, Mrs. C. A. 
Kendall, 25; South Hadley, Mt. Holyoke Col- 
lege, Y. W. C. A., 100; Stockbridge, Miss C. P. 
Wells, 2; Wellesley, A Friend, 50; Westboro, E| 
Sawyer, 5 ; Winchester, 2nd, 507 ; Worcester, 
Piedmont, 19; "In memory of E. P. S. and J. 
E. S.," S ; H. E. C, 5. 

Woman's H. M. Assoc, (of Mass. and R. I.,) 
Miss L. D. White, Treas., 227. 


Pawtucket, "Cash," 35; Woonsocket, Globe, 
C. E., 6. 


CONNECTICUT— $6,206.02; of which legacy, 

Miss. Soc. of Conn., by Rev. J. S. Ives, 39-56; 
for salaries of Supts., 675. Total, $714.56. 
Bridgeport, Olivet, 34; West End, 14.38; C. M. 
Minor, 15; C. M. M., 35; Bristol, Mrs. M. F. 
Martin, 10; Brooklyn, tst, 20; S. S., 5; Deep 
River, 1st, 20; Hartford, Asylum Hill, Mr. and 
Mrs. O. B. Colton, 25; 4th, 18.18; Center S. S., 
40.02; Peaslee Fund, 11.03; Lebanon, 1st, 20; 
Meriden, Center, J. W. Yale, 10; Manchester, 
Mrs. J. E. Grush, 1; Middletown, 1st, C. E., 10; 
Milford, 1st, 3.01; Naugatuck, 100; New Britain, 
1st Ch. of Christ, C. E., 30; South, 15; A Friend, 
4; New Haven, 1st, 94.24; A Friend, 10; New 
Preston, Rev. H. Upson, 5 ; Newtown, 20 ; North 
Haven, Mrs. A. Bishop, 1 ; Mrs. S. B. Thorpe, 1 ; 
Mrs. C. A. Blakeslee, 3 ; Norwich, Broadway, 
3.000; Park, 198.22; Putnam, 2nd, 74.65; Rock- 
ville, Mrs. J. N. Clark, 1; Salisbury, W. B. H. 
M., 11; Simsbury, Estate of J. L. Tomlinson, 
1,000; So. Norwalk, Woman's Assoc, 5; Wal- 
lingfo'-d, A W. Hull, 150; Westville, 9.54; 
Windham, 1st, 15.80; Windsor Locks, 244.39; of 
which 100, special. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. S. Thayer, 
Treas., 125 ; Hartford, Center, of which 30, spec- 
ial, 55; Newington, Aux., 4; Norwalk, 1st, 23. 
Total, $207. 

NFW YORK — $2,484.76; of which legacy, $99.67. 
Angola. A. H. Ames, s; Antwerp, 1st, 26.81; 
Batavia, Mrs. F. A. Olmsted, 2 ; Brooklyn, 
Puritan, 121.43; Central, Ladies' Aid Soc, 50; 
Henry Ward Beecher Memorial, 20; C. A. Clark, 
8: Fairport, Mrs. A. T. Baker, .50; Flushing, 
1st, 265; Fredonia, H. T. Fuller, 11.75; Honeoya, 
to const. Mrs. Helen North Dill on Hon. L. M., 
50; Jamestown, 5; S. S., 20; Massena, S. S., 5; 
Mt. Vernon, A Friend, 500; Moravia, 1st, 33.25; 
New Lebanon, E. C. Kendall, 1.50; New York 
City, Broadway Tab., 1,110.95; Christ Ch., 34.25; 
Norwich, 1st, 33.82; Riverhead, 1st Ch., C. E. 
13.33; Roscoe, 7; Sherburne, 1st Ch., and S. S., 
24.50; Sidney, 1st, 36; Wawarsing, Estate of 
Clarinda Strong, 99.67. 

NEW JERSEY— $787.32. 

Egg Harbor City, Emanuel, 5 ; Hackensack, 
Mrs. C. A. Jones, Easter offering, 5 ; Little Ferry, 
German Evan., 19: Montclair, 1st. 450; W. B. 
Holmes, 20 ; M. E. _ Fowler, 5 ; Plainfield, 250 ; 
Roselle, H. O. Dwight, 5 ; Verona, 1st, 3.32 ; 
Westfield, M. Welles, 25. 


Received by Rev. C. A. Jones, Philadelphia, 
Bethany, Mrs. E. F. Fales, 5 ; Scranton, Provi- 



dence, 15. Total, 20. Arnot, Puritan, 2; Bangor, 
Welsh, 5; Braddock, Slovak, 8; Chandlers Val- 
ley, Swedes, 2 ; DuBois, Swedes, 3 ; Ebensburg, 
No., 3.75; Forest City, Welsh, 4.3s; Fountain 
Springs, Christ Ch., 2.50; Glen Lyon, 5.50; 
Horatio, 5.68; Le Raysville, C. E., 5; Phila- 
delphia, 4; Germantown, 1st, 18.37; Pittsburgh, 
1st, 9.36; Puritan, 12; Riceville, 5; Ridgway, 
Miss. Soc, 16; C. D. Osterhout, 10; Scranton, 
Puritan, 10; T. Eynon, 10; Sharon, 7; Sugar 
Grove, 4. 


Baltimore, 2nd, C. E., 5; Frostburg, Bowry 
St., 5. 


Washington, 1st, 525; Mrs. C. D. Jones, 1. 


North Carolina, 10; Southern Pines, 56.73. 

GEORGIA— $24.48. 

Baxley, Rev G. N. Green, 10; Haoschton, 
Macedonia Cobell, 1.50; Lindale, 1.98; Powers- 
ville, 10; Woodbury, Jones' Chapel, 1. 

ALABAMA— $13.25. 

Bermingham, Pilgrim, 4; Blackwood, 25; Clio, 
New Hope, .25; Dothan, Newtons Chapel, 4; 
Midland City, Rev. S. Long, 1 ; Christian Hill, 
.75; Thorsby, United Protestant, 3. 

LOUISIANA— $16.19. 

Hammond, 5.37; Iowa and Manchester, 5.82; 
Vinton, 5. 

FLORIDA— $176.23. 

Avon Park, Rev. S. J. Townsend, 5 ; Elarbee, 
Pearl Chapel, 6; Interlachen, 1st, 2; Orange City, 
45 ; West Palm Beach, Union, 50 ; Winter Park, 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. A. Lewis, 
Treas. Lake Helen, Aux., 4; Ormond, Aux., 
6.75. Total, $10.75. 

TEXAS— $107.84. 

State H. M. Committee, 100; Amarillo, 1st, 7.84. 

OKLAHOMA— $123.39. 

Received by Rev. C. G. Murphy. Alpha, 2.45 ; 
Hydro, 1.26; Kingfisher, 17.50; Lawnview, 2; 
Verden, 2.50. Total, $25.71. 

Agra, 1st, 4; Bethel, 5; Forest, 1.75; Gage, 1st, 
10; Hillside, S. S., 4.08; Jennings, 1st, 6; Kiel, 
Parker, 3.40; Okarche, 10.30; Oklahoma City, 
Pilgrim, 16.65 ; Otter Creek, 2.25 ; Pond Creek, 
Union, 23.50; Wellston, 10.75. 

NEW MEXICO— $13.45. 

Albuquerque, E. M. S., 4.05 ; Ranchos de 
Atrisco, 9.40. 

KENTUCKY— $8.80. 

Berea, Ch. and S. S., 3.80; Mr. and Mrs. J. 
W. Raine, 5. 

OHIO— $619.59. 

Ohio Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. C. H. Small, 
618.19; Brighton, 1.40. 

INDIANA— $250.14. 

Fairmount. 18.70; Hammond, 1st, 20; Porter, 
5 ; West Terre Haute, Bethany, 6. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. D. Davis. 
Treas. East Chicago, 15.64; Elmwood, 5; 
Indianapolis, No., 2.47; Peoples, 15; S. S., In- 
fant class, 5; Mavflower, S. S., 2.39; C. E., 
10.60; W. H. M. S., 34.85; Kokomo, qo ; Jr. C. 
E., 5; Lowell, Mrs. S. P. Morey, 1; Porter, 5; 
Riceville, L. A. S., 5 ; Terre Haute, Plymouth, 
3.49. Total, $200.44. 

ILLINOIS— $664.57: of which legacy, $10. 

111. Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. R. B. Guild, 
137-57; Antioch, Ch. and S. S., 24; 
Cambridge, Estate of H. G. Griffin. 10; 
Highland, 1st, 5; Mendon, 28; Morrison, Robert 

Wallace, 400; Oneida, Mrs. F. B. Shedd, 50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. O.Whitcomb, 
Treas. Decatur, 5; Marseilles, C. E., 5. Total, 

MISSOURI— $395.25. 

Kansas City. S. W. Tabernacle, 24.95; S. S., 
11.22; St. Louis, Hyde Park, 60; Pilgrim, 165.21; 
C. E., 16.37; Compton Hill, 113; Willow Springs, 
1st, 4.50. 

MICHIGAN— $2,273.80; of which legacy, 

Allendale, Estate of A. M. Cooley, 2,197.80; 
Flat Rock, C. E., 5; Lawrence, Mrs. C. Halbert, 
1 ; Owosso, Mrs. L. A. Gould, 50 ; Wheatland, 20. 


Clear Lake, Swedes, 3.50 ; Wansau, Scand., 
Rev. C. J. Jensen, 1.50. 

IOWA— $620.16. 

Iowa Home Miss. Soc, by A. D. Merrill, 
Treas., 601.16; Dubuque, Mrs. A. Williams, 4. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. H. K. Edson, 
Treas. Ottumwa, 1st. Abigail Soc, 15. 

MINNESOTA— $2,906.62; of which legacy, 

Biwabik, Rev. E. Larke, 5 ; Burtrum, Palmer, 
1. 13; Cannon Falls, 1st, 18; Dawson, 21.41; 
Dodge Center, Claremont St., 5; Excelsior, 12; 
International Falls, 5.10; 1st, 4.25; Moorhead, 
1st, 44.25 ; Rainy River Valley, 3 ; St. Paul, 
Estate of Anson Blake, 1,500; Shafer, Scand., 6; 
Spencer Brook, Swedes, 2.25 ; Waterville and 
Morristown, 5. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill. Appleton, 7 ; 
Brainerd, 1st, 25; Duluth, Pilgrim, Hon. Ward 
Ames, 25; Elk River, 15; Edgerton, 5; Fairbault, 
50.34; Freeborn, 31; Hancock, 36; Hawley, 3.30; 
Little Falls, 25 ; Mapleton, 23.85 ; Marshall, Rev. 
J. W. Vallentyne. 20; Mankato, 1st, 10; Min- 
neapolis, Pilgrim, S. S. Birthday offering, 13.56; 
Vine, add'l., 1.56; Plymouth, S. S., 38.50; C. A. 
Bovey, 100; First, 400: S. S., 35; Lyndale, 36.35; 
Fremont Ave., 53 ; Morris, 5 ; Ortonville, 20 ; 
New Ulm, 25; Paynesville, 4; Plainview, 25; 
Rochester, Mrs. M. Russell, 25 ; J. A. Malone, 
10; St. Paul, Peoples, 50; Cyril, 45; Shelburne, 
16.75; Sleepy Eye', 29.86; Staples, 15.16; Tyler, 
7; Villard, 3; Walker, 10; Wayzata, 2; Winona, 
2nd, C. E., 2; Winthrop, 25. Total, $1,274.23. 

KANSAS— $7.50. 

Manhattan, Mrs. E. E. Shelley, 5; White City, 
Rev. J. Wilde, 2.50. 

NEBRASKA— $40.50. 

Cowles, Rev. S. Deakin, 5 ; Germantown, 
German, 7; Grafton, C. E. Soc, 5: Hay Springs, 
8.50; Inland, Rev. A. Kern, 2; Norfolk, Zion 
German, 5 ; Rising City, 5 ; Waverly, 3. 

NORTH DAKOTA— $596.69. 

Received by Rev. G J. Powell. Armenia, 
140; Eckleson, 2.75; Edmunds, 2; Fargo, 1st, 
Ladies, 8.30; Fessenden, Ch., S. S., C. E., 25; 
Glenullin, 34; S. S.. 19; Maxbass, .35; Lakota, 
15: Maxbass, 5; Michigan, Ladies' Soc, 5; 
Oriska, 12.60; Pingree, 2.85; Plymouth, C. E., 5; 
Sanborn, 7.33; Sykeston, 7; Valley City, 75. 
Total. $366.18. 

Berthold, 18; Erwin, 7.45; Carrington, A. C, 
Edwards. 375; Fargo, 1st, 38.71; Granville, 6; 
Kensal, 3 ; Lawton and Adams, 2.08; Manvel, 5; 
Marion and Litchville, 9.71; Michigan City, 35; 
Nekoma, 3; Oberon, 6; Rutland, 30.65. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. E. H. Stickney, 
Treas. Fargo, Plymouth. 13; Ladies' Miss. Soc, 
6.55; Harwood, 4.50; Litchville, 3.8c; Manville, 
Ladies' Aid and Miss. Soc, 20; S. S., 8.26; 
Oberon, 6. Total, $62.16. 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $452.61. 

Received bv Rev. W. H. Thrall. Deadwood. 



15.20; Hudson, 35; Lake Preston, S. S., 2.56; 
Jr. C. E., 1; Mrs. A. A. Keith, 5; A Friend, .44; 
Redfield, Jr. C. E., 1; Sioux Falls, 29.92; South 
Shore, 1.36; Willow Lakes, C. E., 10; Jr. C. E., 
2.50. Total, $103.98. 

Aurora, Friends, 87; Friends, 10.50; Bowdle, 
10; Carthage, 4; Carthage, Glenview and Red- 
stone, 2: De Smet, 1st, 12; LakeHenry 3; 
Estelline, 10; Eureka, 12.50; Frankfort, 5; Gar- 
retson, by Rev. J. Danes, 11; Herrick, 18.65; 
Highmore, 7.30; Iroquois, 20.15; Mission Hill, 
5; Meckling, 13.40; Mitchell, 33; Pierre, 17.45; 
Rapid City, C. E., 10; Redstone, 3; Ree Heights, 
15.56; Revillo and Albee, 2; Selby, German, 
23.76; Sunbeam, 1375; Wheaton, 14.02; Turton, 
1st, by Rev. E. P. Swartout, 6.23 ; Valley Springs, 
9.25; Waubay, 6.61. 

Less $49°- 1 1 

erroneously ack. in Jan. receipts from 
Academy 37-5° 

COLORADO— $1,553.97. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson. Cope, 6.50; 
Denver, 1st, 112.75; 2nd, 50; 3rd, 93.40; Park, 
8.60; Harmon, 9.06; S. S., Easter offering, 8.1 1; 
Grand Junction, 50 ; Kremmling, 5 ; Lafayette, 
4.90; Lyons, 5.47; Silverton, 32; Steamboat 
Springs, 14 : Teiluride, 38.20 ; Ladies' Miss. Soc, 
25; S. S., 18.55: C. E., 3-25- Total, $484.79. 
Bethune, "Special Offering," 2.33; Brigh- 
ton, Platte Valley, 5 ; Claremont, 1st, 1 ; 
Special offering, 3.85 ; Colorado Springs, 1st, 
55.27; Cripple Creek, 1st, 50; Denver, Plymouth, 
548.30; So. Broadway, 54.83; S. S., 16; C. E., 
2.75; Ohio Ave., 77.50; Englewood, 2.83; Flagler, 
3.02; Fountain, 1.65; Pueblo, Minnequa, S. S., 
1.75; Seibert, Special offering, 4.15. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. L. D. Sweet, 
Treas. Boulder, 10; Boulevard, 5.80; Colorado 
Springs, 1st, 40; Denver, 2nd, 30; Plymouth, 50; 
Ohio Ave., 10; So. Broadway, 12.50; Fountain, 
5; Fruita, 2.50; Greeley, 15; Longmont, 25; 
Manitou. 2.=o: Montrose, 10; North Denver, 2; 
Pueblo, Pilgrim. 13.40; Stratton, 3.25; White- 
water, 2. Total, $238.95. 
WYOMING— $37.05. 

Big Horn, 2.0=;; Green River, 10; Rock Springs, 
1 st, S. S., 8. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Miss E. McCrum, 
Treas. Cheyenne, 1st, 17. 

MONTANA— $33.15. 

Big Timber, ist, 10; Columbus, 3.15; Wibaux, 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. S. Bell, 
Treas. Billings, 10; C. E., 5. Total, 15. 

UTAH— $35. 

Salt Lake City, A Friend, special, 35. 

IDAHO— $64.77. 

Received by Rev. J. D. Kingsbury, D. D., 
Boise, 1st, 32.15; Mountain Home, 13.62. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Idaho, Mrs. G. W. 
Derr, Treas., 19. 

NEVADA— $20. 

Reno, 1st S. S., 20. 


El Cajon, Mrs. E. D. Abernethy, 100; Pasa- 
dena, A Friend, 5. 

OREGON— $26.80. 

Abany, 1st, 3.80: Beaver Creek, 7; Cedar 
Mills, German, 13; New Era, 3. 

WASHINGTON— $45.75. 

Alberdeen. Swedes, 3.25 ; Granite Falls, Union, 
18; Meyers Falls, 5; North Yakima, Moxee Val- 
ley, 15.50; Spokane, Crobin, Park and Lidger- 

WOCd, 4. 

CUBA— $10. 

Matanzas S. S., 10. 

March Receipts. 

Contributions $19,156.86 

Legacies 13,036.79 


Interest 859.76 

Annuity Settlement 21.330.00 

Home Missionary 196.48 

Literature 29.52 

Total $54,609.41 

Total Net Income for the year ending 
March 31, 1907. 

Contributions $120,421.51 

Legacies, less legal and estate ex- 
penses 87.512.20 

From Income and Annuity Fund.... 15.955.77 

Total $223,889.48 

Home Missionary receipts and literature sales, 
viz.. $1 960.83 credited to publication account. 



Receipts in March, 1907. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston. 

Abington, C. E., 10; Amherst, So.. T3.15; 
Andover, Free, 50; South, Friend, 100; Ashland, 
10; Atlantic, 5.75; Barnstable, Centerville, 9-93! 
Boston, Dorchester, Central, 50; Roxhury, Im- 
manuel-Walnut Ave., 1,244.73; Dorchester, 
Romsey. 5 ; Village, 18 ; St. Mark, 5 ; Boylston, 
Ellis Mendell Fund, 30; Bridgewater, East, 
6.51; Scotland, 3; Brimfield, 1st. 4o;_S. S., 5; 
Brookline. Harvard, 130.34: Cambridge, 1st, 
Svang., 184.58; Carver No. C. E., 30; Chelms- 
ord. Central, 18.75; Chelsea, 1st, 26.60: Chicopee 
Falls, 2nd, 17.19; Fall River, Central, 513.22; 
Fitchburg, Finn, 5.28; Framingham, So. Grace 
Z. E.. 5 : Georgetown, Estate Mary E. Hoyt, 
100: Gurney Fund, Income of. 20: Halifax, 
T.80: Haverhill, Union, i=:.o8; Ward Hill, 7.06; 
Vest. 7.40; Hawley, 5; Hopkinton, ist, 20.94; 
Lawrence, Trinity, 26.53; Lee, X. Y. Z.. 5: 
"" owel!. Swede. 5 : Marion, John Pitcher Fund. 
^5.6t ; Maynard. Finn, i.=;o: Merrimac. 1; Mid- 
Ueboro. Central. 30.98: Millbury. ist. 7.711 Mon- 
ague. Millers Falls, 7; New Bedford, No., 52.21; 
Newton, Eliot. 213: New Salem, C. E.. 5: No. 
"Jew Salem, 3: Northbridge, Center, 12; Packard- 

ville, 5 ; Phelham, 3 ; Plainfield, 6.30 ; Plymouth, 
Italian, 120; Quincy. Finn, 2.30; Park and 
Downs, 5.63 ; Reed Fund, Income of, 127.50 
Royalston, So., 2nd. 14; Scituate, 2.30; Somerset 
S. S., 9: Somerville, Broadway, 48.31; South 
bridge, 3.46; South Dennis, 10; So. Hadley, 15,26 
Springfield, Eastern Ave., 5.22; Emmanuel. 10 
Park, 29.56; St. John's, 6; Upton, 4.47; Way- 
land, 29.15; Whitcomb Fund, Income of. 60: 
Winchendon, No., 3S.48 ; Winchester, ist, 40; 
Westport, Pacific Union. 25 ; Worcester, 2nd, 
Swede. 6 : Designated for Easter School of The- 
ology, Andover, W. P. Fisher, 15; Boston, II. B. 
Day, 15; Cambridge, ist, 15; Holyoke, 2nd, 15; 
No. Adams, 15: Winchester, Preston Pond. 15: 
Designated for Italian Mission, Wellesley, Waban 
S. S.. 11. 

W. H. M. A., Lizzie D. White, Treasurer. 

Salaries, American International College, 93 ; 
Italian worker, 40 ; Polish worker, 35. 


Regular $3,784.79 

Designated for Andover School of The- 
ology 90.00 

Desiarnated for Italian work 11.00 

W. H. M. A 170.00 

Home Missionary 4.00 

Total, $4,059.79 




Receipts in March, 1907. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 

Berlin, 2nd, 30; Sunday School, 25; C. E., 15; 
all for Italian work, Brooklyn, 10; Burlington, 
for C. H. M. S., 7.22 ; Centerbury, Estate of 
Emblem M. Williams, 11.84; Canton Center, 25; 
Chaplin, 7.83; Collinsville, Swedish, 12.50; Spe- 
cial, 3; East Canaan, 3; East Haddam, 1st, 4.26; 
for C. H. M. S., 7.74; C. E., for C. H. M. S., 
5; East Haven, 18.25; Haddam, 1st, 11; Kensing- 
ton, for Italian work, 15; Killingworth, 1; Litch- 
field, C. E., Special, 12.16; Middletown, 1st, 
23.25; Swedish, 4.25; Naugatuck, 125; New 
Haven, 1st, 94.25 ; Redeemer, for Italian work, 
25; New Milford, Sunday School, for Italian 
work, 30; C. E., for Italian work, 7.50; Plain- 
ville, H. A. Frisbie, Personal, 10; Somers, 6; 
South Manchester, 41.35; Washington, Swedish, 
5; Midalesex County Conference, 7.31. 

Total $603.71 

M. S. C $s83-75 

C. H. M. S 1996 $603.71 


Receipts in March, 1907. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer. 

Alstead, 6.90; Bristol, 4.43; Charlestown, 15; 
Concord, 116.92; Dover, 94.52; Dunbarton, 3; 
Fitzwilliam, 11.06; Hampstead, 2; Langdon, .8.75 ; 
Rochester, 18.02; So. Barnstead, 6; Sullivan 
Centre, 5.32. Total, $291.92. 


Receipts in March, 1907- 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer. 

Brooklyn, Italian S. S., 5; Parkville, (2), 
1 1.03; German. 37.50; Glendale, 12.50; East 
Rockaway, 15; Lockport, East Avenue Bible 
School, 25; Longwood, 15; Luzerne, Rev. W. P. 
Harmon, 30; New York, Claremfnt Park, 10; 
Finnish, 10; Spring Valley, 30; W. H. M. U., 
as follows: Brooklyn, Clinton Avenue, 50; New 
Village, W. H. M. S. 5. Total, $256,03. 


Receipts in March, 1907. 

Rev. C. H. Small, Treasurer. 
..Amherst, 3: Ashland, Per., 5; Ashtabula, First, 
25.25; Swedish, 5; Atwater, 4-10; Per., 5; 
Austinburg, C. E., 5; Belpre, C. E., 5; S. S., 3; 
Bluescreek, 3.45; Brownhelm, 3.50; Burton, 3; 
Berea, 11; Centennial, 4.25; Centerville, 5-25; 
Center Belpre, 9.15; Ceylon, 3; Ceredo, W. Va., 
10; Chagrin Falls, C. E., 2; Chardon, C. E., 5; 
Chatham, 15.70: S. S., to; C. E., i; Chillicothe, 
10; Cincinnati, Storrs, 5; S. S., 1.25; C. E., 1.30; 
Walnut Hills, 57.85 : North Fairmount, S. S., 
12.90; C. E., 1.20; Claridon, Per., 1; S. S., 15; 
C. E., 5; Columbus, South, 12.30; First, 37; 
Per., 62.50; Plymouth, 29; Per., 20; S. S., 10; 
Coolville, .44; Miss Comings, 2.22; Croton, 2; 
Cuyahoga, Falls, 4.10; Cleveland, Archwood Ave. 
S. S., 5; Per., 6; Bethlehem, 32.75: Euclid 
Ave., 113.25; S. S., 15; Plymouth. Per., 13; 
Swedish. 10; Hough Ave., 31.83; W. M. S., 
31.83; North S. S., 5; Pilgrim, 125.50; S. S., 5; 
Highland, 7. so; Trinity, 25; Per., 25; Denison 
Ave., 8.05; Kinsman, 35; S. S., 10; C. E., 5; 
Per., 2; Grace, 15; W. M. S., 5; S. S., 6.93; 
C. E., 5; Franklin Ave., 7.60; Union C. E., 5; 
Park, 17.30; Glenville, 5; East Cleveland, 5; 
Eagleville, 4.25; Edinburg, 22.09; Elyria. First, 
105.69; Per., 5; Fort Recovery, 22; Fitchville, 4; 
Florence, 2.35; Freedom, 3; Geneva, 30.69; Per., 

5; Girard, 3.25; Greenfield, 4; Gustavus, 4.75; 
Hudson, Per., 10; Huntington, W. Va., Per., 
5; Huntsburg, C. E., 5; Interest, 2.30; Isle St. 
George, 3; Ireland, 3.88; Johnsonville, 5; Kelley's 
Island, W. M. S., 8.6s;Miss Sarah Kellogg, 11; 
Kent, Per., 5 ; Lakewood, 1 ; Lexington, Per., 2 ; 
Litchfield, 10; Lorain, 2nd, 5.50; S. S., 2; W. 
M. S., 3; Lucas, 10; S. S., 10; Lyme, 2; Marble- 
head, 9.20 ; Marietta, First, Mr. W. W. Mills, 
300; Per., 5; Marietta, Harmar, 10.65; Mans- 
field, 118. So; Per., 5; Mayflower, 10; Mesopo- 
tamia, 5.78; Mt. Vernon, 9; Nebo, 2.30; Newark, 
1st, 7.43; Newport, Ky., 22; S. S., 8; North 
Amherst, 27.25; S. S., 6.75; C. E., 5; No. 
Bloomfield, 5.10; No. Monroeville, 1 ; S. S., 
2.50; Norwalk, 10.70; Oberlin, 2nd, 29.98; Rev. 
I. W. Mctcalf, 100; Per., 1; Oberlin, 1st, 141.97; 
Per., 21; Painesville, First, 14.75; C. E., 3; 
Penfield, 5.30 ; Pierpont, 6.73 ; C. E., 3.27 ; Plain, 
12; Radnor, Per., 5; Ravenna, 11.20; Per., 25; 
S. S., 30; C. E., 2.65; Rochester, 1.10; Rsoots- 
town, C. E., 3.25 ; Richfield, 6.32 ; Rock Creek, 
6.35; Shandon, C. E., 5; S. S., 5; Shawnee, 10; 
S. S., 10; W. M. S., 5; Springfield, First, 31.60; 
Per., 5; S. S., 1; Siloam, 1.15; St. Albans, 3.50; 
Sylvania, 5; Sullivan, 8; S. S., 8; Tallmadge, 
54.25; S. S., 37.14; Toledo, First, 100; 
Second, 7; Washington St., S. S., 25; 
Twinsburg, C. E., 5; Vermilion, 10.86; Per. 10! 
S. S., 3.14; C. E., 4; Washington, 17; Wauseon, 
Per., 5 ; Tyn Rhos, 1 ; Troy, 5.20 ; 
22; S. S., 5.40; Wayland, 11; Wellington, 15; 
S. S., 5; Weymouth, 4.50; York, 7.88; Youngs- 
town, Plymouth, C. E., 3.80; Zanesville, 1. Total, 

Receipts from Ohio Woman's Home Mission- 
ary Union, Mrs. Geo. B. Brown, Treas., Toledo. 

Andover, W. M. S., 5; Ashtabula, First, W. 
M. S., 15; Akron, First, W. M. S., 50; Barber- 
ton, W. M. S., 3; Brownhelm, W. M. S., 5; 
Burton, C. E., 5; Chatham, C. E., 2 ; W. M. S., 
7.25; Chillicothe, W. M. S., 10; Claridon, W. M. 
S., 5; Cleveland, Euclid Ave., W. A., 19.25; Y. 
L., 4; Hough Ave., W. A., 17.50; Park, W. M. 
S., 1.55; Franklin Ave., W. M. S., 5; Dennison 
Ave., W. M. S., 5; Woman's Cong'l Club, 10; 
Cincinnati, Plvmouth, W. M. S., 3 ; Cuyahoga 
Falls, W. M.S., 5; Elyria, First, W. A., 12; 
Geneva, L. G., 10; Litchfield, C. E, 5; Madison, 
W. M. S., 11.20; Mansfield, Mayflower, W. M. 
S., 10; Medina, W. M. S., 14; North Fairfield, 
C. E. 3; Jr. C. E., 50; Norwalk, W. M. S., 
1.50; Oberlin, First, W. M. S, 75; Ravenna, W. 
M. S., 10; Sandusky, W. M. S., 5; Springfield, 
First, 5; Strongsville, C. E., 1.40; Sullivan, W. 
M. S., 3.50; Toledo, Second, J. M. C, 5; Wash- 
ington St., W. M. S., 30; Wauseon, W. A., 12.50; 
Wellington, W. A., 5.50; Wakeman, W. M. S., 
8; Zanesville, C. E., 5. 



Grand total $3,252.22 


Reported at the National Office in February and 
March, 1907. 
Berlin, Conn., Ladies' Aid Soc, box and cash, 
55 j Brooklyn, N. Y., South Ch., box, 177.33; 
Cleveland, Ohio, Euclid Ave., Woman's Ass'n., 
bbl., 94; East Cleveland, Ohio., Woman's Ass'n., 
bb!., 52 ; Farmington, Conn., Ladies' Benev. 
Soc, bbl., 84.62 ; Glen Ridge, N. J., W. H. M. S., 
box, 217; Hartford, Conn., Center Ch., bbl., 
98. Q4; Middletown, Conn., 1st, L. H. M. S.. bbl., 
42.60; Newark, N. J., Belleville, Ave., W. H. M. 
S., two bhls., 95 ; New Haven, Conn., Ch. of the 
Redeemer. L. A. H. M. S., box. and bbl., 150; 
Orange. N. J.. Orange Valley Ch., box., 100; 
Plainfield, N. T., Woman's Ass'n.. Typewriter, 
box, 180; St. Louis, Mo.. Pilgrim, W. H. M. S., 
bbl., 148.33; King's Daughters, pkg., 15: Sharon, 
Conn., L. S. S., bbl., 50; Wallingford, Conn., 
1st, Ladies' Renov. Soc, two bbls. and cash, 
163.16: Wethersfield, Conn., L. A. S., 1 bbl., 
100; Woodbury. Conn., North, Ladies' Aid Soc, 
bbl. Total, $1,822.98. 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 


CHARLES S. MILLS, D.D., President 
H. CLARK FORD. Vice-President 

General Secretary Associate Secretary 

JOSEPH B. CLARK D. D., Editorial Secretary 


CHARLES S. MILLS, D.D., Chairman Missouri S?, ^ GE r, R i£ EA Jn ITT ' DD ^? C , 0n8la 


GEORGE E. HALL, D.D.. New Hampshire J IR. EDWARD TUCKER ;;^ an8 * s 


S. H. WOODROW, D.D Massachusetts 1 RANK T. BAYLEY, DD . .Colorado 


REV. H. H. KELSEY Connecticut L. H. 03ALLOCK, D.D Minnesota 

S. PARKES CADMAN, D.D New York MR. A. F. WHITIN Massachusetts 

MR. W. W. MILLS .Ohio - E. L. SMITH, D.D Washington 


K. M. VITTUM, D.B» Iowa W. H. DAY, D.D So. California 


HUBERT C. HERRING, D.D., Chairman 

One Year Two Years 





Field Secretary, REV. W. G. PUDDEFOOT, South Framingham, Mass. 


Moritz E. Eversz, D.D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Chicago, 111. 

Rev. S. V. S. Fisher, Scandinavian Department, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Rev. Chas. H. Small, Slavic Department, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Rev. A. E. Ricker Indianapolis, Ind. Rev. H. Sanderson Denver, Colo. 

Geo. R. Merrill, D.D ...Minneapolis, Minn. J. D. Kingsbury, D.D. (New Mexico, Arizona, 

Alfred K. Wray, D.D Carthage, Mo. Utah and Idaho), Salt Lake City. 

Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr West Seattle, Wash. Rev. Chas. A. Jones, 75 Essex St., Hackensack, N.J. 

Rev. W. B. D. Gray .Cheyenne, Wyo. Rev. W. S. Bell Helena, Mont. 

Frank E. Jenkins, D.D., The South Atlanta, Ga. Rev. C. G. Murphv Oklahoma City. 

W. H. Thrall, D.D Huron, S. Dak. Geo. L. Todd, D.D Havana, Cuba. 

Rev. G. J. Powell Fargo, N. Dak. 


Rev. Charles Harbutt, Secretary ... Maine Missionary Society 34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

VV. P. Huubard, Treasurer " •• " .Box 1052, Bangor, Me. 

Rev. A. X. Hillman, Secretary .... New Hampshire Home Missionary Society Concord, N. H. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer " '• " •• •• . Concord, N. H. 

Chas. H. Merrill, D.D., Secretary .. Vermont Domestic " " " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

J. X. Richie, Treasurer " *' " " " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

F. K. Emrich, D.D., Secretary. ... Massachusetts Home " " 609 Cong '1 House, Boston, Mass. 

Rev. Joshua (jolt, Treasurer *• •• '• " ....609 Cong '1 House, Boston, Mass. 

llev. J. H. Lyon, Secretary... Rhode Island " *' " Central Falls, 11. 1. 

Jos. Wm. Rice, Treasurer •• " '* " " Providence, 11.1. 

Rev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary Missionary Society of Connecticut Hartford, Conn. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer " " " Hartford, (Jonu. 

Rev. C. VV. Suelton, Secretary Mew York Home Missionary Society Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer •• •• " '• •• Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 

Rev. Charles 11. Small, Secretary .. Ohio " " " ..Cleveland, Uliio 

Rev. Charles H. Small, Treasurer.. " •' '• " Cleveland, (Juio 

Rev. Roy B. Guild, Secretary Illinois " " " .153 La Salle St., Chicago 

John VV. lliff, Treasurer.. •• " •' " 163 La Salle St., Chicago 

Homer VV. Carter, D.D. , Secretary. Wisconsin " " " Beioit, Wis. 

C. M. Biackman, Treasurer '• " " " VVhitewater, Wis. 

X. O. Douglass, D.D., Secretary ... Iowa " " " Grinnell, Iowa 

Miss A. D. Merrill, Treasurer '• " •• " Des Moines, Iowa 

Rev. J. VV. Sutherland, Secretary.. Michigan " " " Lansing, Mich. 

llev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer. " " " " Lansing, Mich. 

Kev. Henry E. Thayer, Secretary. . Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society Topeka, Kan. 

H. C. Bowman, Treasurer " " " " " Topeka, Kan. 

Rev. S. 1. Hanf ord, Secretary Nebraska Home Missionary Society Lincoln, Neb. 

Rev. Lewis Gregory, Treasurer. ... " " " " Lincoln, Neb. 

Rev. John L. Maile, Secretary South California Home Missionary Society Los Angeles, Cal. 

Rev. J. K. Harrison, Secretary. ... North California Home Missionary Society San Francisco, Cal. 


Geo. W. Morgan, Secretary . . . Congregational City Missionary Society .St. Louis, Mo. 

Rev. Philip W. Yarrow, Supt.. „ „ ,, ,. ., „ » 

Lewis E. Snow, Treasurer... „ „ ,, „ ,, ., 

LEGACIES — The following- form may be used in making legacies: 4> 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of dollars, in trust, to pay over the same in 

months after my decease, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

Treasurer of the Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New York, in the 

year eighteen hundred and twenty-six, to be applied (to th« charitable use and purpose* of said 

Soclety.and under its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBER'S — The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an 

Honorary Life Member. « 


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-37th YEAR 1905 

50 Cents a Year 


Life Members 

of the Society in considerable numbers, con- 
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April Home Missionary. 

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For JUNE, 1907. * 


Minnie J. Reynolds 81 



George L, Todd 90 


Charles A. Jones 92 


Roy B. Guild 93 


Our June Number- ^Editorial Notes 95 


The Blue Marble Illustrated Katharine R. Crowell 96 

A Make Believe Mrs. CaswelUBroad 105 

Another Victory at the Front Earnest Bourner Allen 106 

The Most Podular Thing in Town Grace C. White 109 





Published Monthly, except in July and August, by the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society 





JUNE, 1907 

NO. 3 

The Italian and His Church 
at Home 

By Minnie J. Reynolds 

EDITORIAL NOTE:— the following article by Minnie J. Reynolds, is her 
latest contribution to a series that has appeared in this magazine from her 
pen, illustrating different phases of the immigration problem. These articles 
have attracted wide attention, and have been extensively copied by the religious and 
secular press. The present article throws special light upon the character of Italian 
immigration, which has become a notable factor in the great problem. The view- 
point of the author is just now in Sicily, which has the name of furnishing the worst 
and most hopeless class of Italian immigrants. In a personal letter from Miss 
Reynolds, dated at Trapani, Sicily, April 12th, she says: "The observations which I 
have set down in the enclosed article were to me very interesting and surprising, 
and I hope they will form a contribution for The Home Missionary. Were I in 
America I should read such an article with intense interest, for the reason that in 
the secular press, both newspapers and magazines, it is almost impossible to find a 
word of this kind, unless some convulsion takes place like that in France, and even 
then the press is most guarded. It has seemed to me that this picture of conditions 
at home might be enlightening to persons interested in home missions, as yotir 
readers are. I am just now living in an Italian villa on a mountain side, with range 
upon range of mountains back of me, a city 2,500 years old at my feet, and beyond, 
ihe blue, blue Mediterranean. All of this end of Sicily is soaked with history, 
Phoenician, Carthagenian, Greek, Roman, Saracen, Norman; and it is dripping with 
fertility and like a fairyland for natural beauty." 

IT IS an interesting experience 
for one who has studied the 
Italian colony in New York for 
some years, to visit the source and 
fountain of that enormous emigra- 
tion which has almost startled Amer- 
ica in recent years, and see the Italian 
at home. Even the best read and most 
liberal minded New Yorker cannot 
restrain a slight feeling of stupefac- 
tion, on landing upon Italian soil, to 
reflect that it is all Italian. Accus- 
tomed to regard the Italian as the 
poorest, the greenest and the most 
ignorant of the immigrants, perform- 

ing the most menial and ill-paid tasks 
in the community, it is with a kind of 
bewilderment that he gazes at these 
splendid public buildings, these mag- 
nificent semi-tropical parks, these wide 
aiid elegant streets and modern offices 
full of traffic and business, these buz- 
zing electric cars, dashing automo- 
biles and smart private traps with 
their liveried servants — and realizes 
that it is all Italian; that it is Italians 
alone who are carrying on all this im- 
pressive civilization and making all 
this display of wealth and luxury. We 
hear so much in America of the misery 




of the immigrant, the poverty of the 
immigrant, the dangers of immigra- 
tion to the country, that unknown to 
ourselves we get a subconscious im- 
pression that nobody but Americans 
or persons who have been for a long 
time in America have any money or 
any business ability. It is an excellent 
thing for the American to travel in 

rects a number of his ideas about re- 
ligious conditions in Italy. 

There is a false conception among 
Protestants that all Catholics are 
bigoted, intolerant, and animated by 
an intense devotion to their Church ; 
or at any rate, if they do not care 
much about it themselves, that they 
are ready at any moment to resent a 

Photo. Underwood & Underwood, N. Y. 


Europe, just as it is an excellent thing 
for the European to go to America. 
And just as he corrects his ideas of 
material affairs, so the American who 
knows the language, who takes up his 
residence in an Italian family, is ad- 
mitted into its circle of friends and 
relatives, listens to their talk and be- 
comes one of them for the time, cor- 

word against it from a Protestant. I 
believe we get this idea in America be- 
cause most American Catholics are 
Irish. The Irishman clings to his 
Church with an intense affection be- 
cause it has long been the centre of 
his nationality. He has, very much 
againvt his will, been subject to a 
Protestant power politically, and he 




considers that he has been subject to 
much persecution for his faith. Also, 
the Irishman is one of the best fighters 
the world has ever known. He has 
proved his title on many a field of 
glory, and he carries his characteristic 
virtue into the field of polemics. 
Therefore, the Catholic as we know 
him in America is sensitive as to 

French Canadians of to-day, who are 
far more devoted to their Church than 
their race on this side the water, and 
so fearful of assimilation into the 
English population that they turn 
pupils out of their church schools 
perfectly ignorant of the English 
language, although it is most neces- 
sary for their economic advancement. 

Photo. Underv/ood & Underwood, N. Y. 


his faith, touchy about his Church, 
and goes about with a chip upon his 
shoulder. It is the same with the 
modern Greeks, who through long 
centuries of subjection to a power 
alien in race and faith learned to re- 
|gard their Church with intense affec- 
tion and loyalty, as their only centre 
of nationality. And it is so with the 

But it is far otherwise in Italy. In 
proof let me describe the state of af- 
fairs in this city of Trapani, where I 
am now writing. I take Trapani be- 
cause it is a small and remote city, 
little visited by foreigners, and there- 
fore much less affected by foreign in- 
fluence than the great, cosmopolitan, 
tourist haunted cities of the North. 

8 4 



Also, it is in Sicily, in farthest 
Sicily; and to the average New 
Yorker Sicily stands for all that is 
ignorant and unprogressive. Trapani 
has 60,000 inhabitants. Of that num- 
ber I am told by intelligent and ed- 
ucated natives of the city, two-thirds 
never go to confession. Of the re- 
maining 20,000 a large number, 
including a very large majority of the 
men, goes only once a year, at Easter 
time. It is rare in this community 
that any man goes to confession more 
. than once a year, and probably seven 
or eight tenths of them never go at 
all. There are certain other practices 
of the Roman Church which seem 
objectionable to the Protestant ; such 
as the buying of indulgences, accord- 
ing to those notices posted in Catholic 
Churches which offer remission of 
sins for a certain length of time in 
return for certain special devotions ; 
or the buying of souls out of Purga- 
tory by the simple expedient of paying 
for the masses which are to pray them 
out. Forty thousand out of the 60,000 
of this population pay no more at- 
tention to such things than a Pro- 
testant would. The Protestant tourist, 
seeing the ancient churches filled with 
the accumulated pictures, statues and 
votive offerings of centuries, believes 
the whole population steeped in big- 
otry and superstition. As a matter of 
fact, two-thirds of the population re- 
gard these things with no more 
reverence than the tourist himself. 
Of the 40,000 Trapanesi who never 
go to confession, a large number go 
to church occasionally; some of them 
every Sunday, others on special oc- 
casions, the act being as much one of 
social pleasure as religious duty; just 
exactly, in fact, as a good many Prot- 
estants go to church. But there is also 
a considerable number of this liberal 
or indifferent element — just as you 
choose to call it — which never steps 
inside a church, unless it be to look at 
the girls or to watch some church 
spectacle of dramatic or historic in- 
terest. This non-churchgoing element 
includes the voung universitv men, 

and some of them are inspired by so 
active a dislike of the church that 
they will not step inside a church even 
for the ulterior purposes named. 

Right here the Protestant visitor 
from America comes upon a curious 
thing. We have in America a large 
class of what Mr. Walter Laidlaw in 
his church census tables calls "In- 
definite Protestants." Questioned by 
the census taker of the Church Fede- 
ration Society, they will reply that 
they are Protestants, but belong to no 
denomination and attend no church. 
They are married and buried by a 
Protestant minister, but there their 
connection with Protestantism ends. 
There is exactly such an element in 
Catholic Italy. They are married, 
buried, and, in addition, baptized by 
the Catholic clergy ; but that is the 
extent of their connection with the 
church. But the underlying causes in 
the corresponding cases are markedly 
different. The "indefinite Protestant" 
may have slipped out of church going 
for a variety of reasons ; change of 
residence, breaking of old church ties, 
desire to make a holiday of Sunday, 
and so on. But for the most part, get 
down to the bottom facts and you will 
find that the non -church going Prot 
estant no longer believes in the Bible. 
He has ceased to accept the Bible as 
true, he no longer regards Jesus as a 
divine or supernatural being. As a 
logical sequence he stops going to 
church. But he has nothing against 
the church or its clergy. He is in no 
way incensed or embittered against 
either. All the anti-church feeling in 
America comes from across the 
water. There is none of it among 
Americans of the old stock, and in 
fact, non-church goers often con- 
tribute to the benevolent and educa- 
tional work of the church, and even 
to its support. 

The exact reverse of this condition 
exists in Italy. It is true that the 
young university men of Italy are al- 
most to a man agnostics. But the 
mass of the "indefinite Catholic" pop- 
ulation believes in a personal God, in 




Jesus Christ as the Son of God, in the 
Madonna as a divine protectress and 
to a certain extent, varying with in- 
dividuals, in the saints of the Cath- 
olic Church. But it does not believe 
in the church or the priests. Instead, 
it seems inspired by an active dislike 
of them, amounting at times to actual 
hatred. Here in Trapani one can 
hardly enter a social or friendly gath- 
ering without hearing the conversa- 
tion turn sneeringly or contemptously 
upon the priests, and the superstitions 
of the "bigotti." Every person in 
Trapani who is devoted to his church 
is called a "bigotto" — bigot — by the 
"indefinite" element. They speak of 
the priests with a lack of respect 
which no Protestant in America would 
ever use in regard to the clergy of 
any church; call them "crows," "beg- 
gars," and other opprobrious epithets. 
They will tell more scandalous stories 
of priests than any Protestant ever 
thought of ; tales of their dishonesty, 
of their hardheartedness, of their 
private life. But it would be distinct- 
ly unfair to credit their dislike of the 
priests to the immorality of the latter 
as a class. The percentage of priests 
of whom these tales are told is an in- 
finitesimal one. The scorn of the 
priests does not depend at all on in- 
dividual ill-doing. The best educated 
and most intelligent people of the 
community lump the priests together 
and despise them as a whole. Their 
argument is simple. They consider 
the priesthood a "graft" ; a vast 
organization for the purpose of get- 
ting all it can out of the people in the 
way of money and power. The 
church, they will tell you, is based on 
the ignorance and superstition of the 
uneducated. That is its life blood. 
Therefore it is to its interest to main- 
tain ignorance and superstition. 
Every step in education, in progress, 
in the advance of human rights in 
Italy, they say, has been taken in 
spite of the church. The priests are 
educated men, they will tell you. 
Therefore they must know that a man 
cannot forgive sin ; that the Pope can- 

not be infallible; that God is not vile 
enough to keep a soul in Purgatory 
till his relatives have paid for prayers 
enough to get him out; that the silly 
miracles related of the saints and their 
relics cannot be true. Therefore the 
very fact that a man is a priest proves 
him to be living a life of conscious 

All through Sicily the drugstore is 
a sort of club for the better classes. 
In any one of them of an evening a 
group of well-to-do persons may be 
found chatting. Happening to step 
into one one evening with a friend 
and her son, the latter, a high school 
lad of sixteen, fell into controversy 
with a priest. In the course of it the 
boy burst out with, "Well, if I had 
known what they were doing when 
they baptized me I would never have 
let them do it ; and if I ever have any 
children they never shall be baptized." 
No schoolboy in America would say 
such a thing to a clergyman, whether 
Protestant or Catholic. He would 
have too much respect for the man 
and the office, no matter how he re- 
garded the rites of the church. It was 
a piece of impertinence, and the priest 
answered it with suitable dignity when 
he said, "Ah, but you are very young 
my boy." At this point the druggist 
took a hand. 

"I hear," said he to the priest, 
"that that Luca Delia Robbia Madon- 
na in the Church of Santa Maria di 
Gesu opens and closes its eyes at 
times. Tell me, is that true?" 

The priest threw up his hands with 
a deprecating gesture and said in a 
subdued voice, "They say so, Signore, 
but I have never seen it." 

This sort of bullying and baiting of 
a priest could not take place in Amer- 
ica. In fact, it is said in Italy that 
the papacy regards America as the 
most favorable field in the world for 
the propagation of the faith, because 
of the toleration and respect for all 
Churches which there exist. Some 
years ago there was in Trapani a 
priest, Vito Pappalardo, who was ex- 
communicated by the Pope for his 

Photo. Underwood & Underwood, N. Y. 


liberal ideas. He was a professor of 
philosophy and a writer. A beautiful 
marble bust of him now stands in the 
Trapani picture gallery, placed there 
by the city government. It was raised 
to his memory as a scholar and a man 
of letters ; but I confess that I do not 
know any city council in America 
which would have the temerity to 
raise a statue to a priest excommu' 
nicated by the Pope so short a time 
before. It seems to me sometimes that 
they are more independent in some 
things in Italy than we are in Amer- 

For example, Giordano Bruno, the 
philosopher, was burnt to death as a 
heretic in Rome in the vear 1600. The 

other day I observed, scrawled on 
walls in the main street in Trapani, 
the words "Abasso i preti" ; "Viva 
Giordano Bruno'' ; "'Abasso i preti 
ladri" ; "Abasso il papaccio ladro." 
Which mean respectively, "Down with 
the priests ;" "Hurrah for Giordano 
Bruno" ; "Down with the robber 
priests" ; "Down with the big ugly 
thief of a pope." Please remember 
that I am not saying these things, but 
translating literally. Wondering 
much at this ebullition of enthusiasm 
three centuries after the event, I made 
inquiries and found that the govern- 
ment has recently established a mem- 
orial day for Bruno, and it had been 
celebrated a few days before in Trap- 




ani. The theatre, gorgeously dressed 
with flags and lights, was packed to 
the street, and the mayor, a professor 
and a distinguished lawyer pronounced 
discourses on Bruno. The whole 
audience then issued forth, carrying 
flags, and marched to music to the 
statue of Garibaldi, where further dis- 
cources were pronounced. No such 
demonstration could take place in 
America under government auspices. 
It would mean political danger for the 
party attempting it. But they do these 
things in Catholic Italy; and the 
Church maintains a discreet and per- 
haps terrified silence. As for the 
Pope, the class which I have described 
seems to have no more respect for him 
than it has for the priests. A most 
common epithet applied to him is 
"Bestia" — beast. All this means that 
here in Italy in a few years there will 
be some such movement as that which 
has recently convulsed the relations of 
Church and State in France; and that 
Italy will impatiently shake off the 
burden of a State Church. Large 
numbers of men resent bitterly the 
fact that they must be taxed to sup- 
port a church which they neither at- 
tend nor love. I never heard a word 
of objection when monastic refugees 
from France settled in the United 
States recently. But there are growls 
and murmurs here because of those 
who came into Italy at the same time, 
with predictions that not only they, 
but all Italian conventual orders will 
be expelled in time. 

Most of the old convents are forbid- 
den to accept any new members. A 
few aged nuns wander like ghosts 
among the great halls and corridors 
which once sheltered hundreds — in 
Trapani there is one with only three. 
When they are gone, the government 
will take the building, apply it to some 
modern use, or raze to make way 
for some new building. The most 
common fate of these old convents is 
to house a public school. Certain 
sisterhoods are still permitted to re- 
ceive new members, but they are sis- 
terhoods going out into the world and 

engaged in active work, charitable or 
otherwise, like the Sisters of Charity. 
Very few Italian girls are now enter- 
ing nunneries; and this was the more 
surprising to me when I recalled that 
in Quebec and Montreal last summer 
I found the convents all full of life, 
activity and prosperity, flocks of Can- 
adian girls entering them, and even 
discovered under the black robe of one 
novice a beautiful young American 

All this indicates that the Italians 
are outgrowing their Church, both in- 
tellectually and morally. I think if 
the Church had to shift for itself here 
as it does in America, with no source 
of income except voluntary subscrip- 
tions, that two-thirds of the church 
buildings would be closed and two- 
thirds of the priests would be obliged 
to seek other occupations. People are 
not leaving their money to the church 
any more. A large sum was left not 
long ago in Trapani for the assistance 
of the widows and orphans of sailors, 
a class abundant in this seafaring 
town. It was left in charge of a 
secular board of trustees. Not many 
years ago every such charity would 
have been left to the administration 
of the Church. Now almost none are 
so left. 

Aside from the spread of education 
through the extension of the public 
school system, one great fact has had 
a part in bringing about this state of 
things ; the refusal of the papacy to be 
reconciled to the government of Italy, 
To comprehend the effect this has up- 
on Italians, Americans should imagine 
the following situation.: Supposing 
our revolution had occurred at the 
time of the civil war, so that it was as 
fresh in our minds as the latter. Sup- 
posing that at its close Washington, 
commanding all the respect and ad- 
miration which we now feel for him, 
had become king ; and that at present 
his grandson, an aimable and indus- 
trious young man against whom no 
one had a word of complaint, sat upon 
the throne. The feeling of the Amer- 
ican people toward the reigning house 




would then be similar to that of the 
Italians for the House of Savoy. 
Italians take all the pride in their 
magnificent and heroic risorgimento 
that we do in our revolution. They 
revere the House of Savoy as we do 
the name of Washington. They adore 
the name of Garibaldi, and all his 
dashing and splendid deeds. They 
thrill over the martyrdom of Mazzini, 
the masterly statesmanship of Cavour. 
The history of the world does not con- 

tain a more brilliant page than that 
which tells the tale of the rise and 
union of Italy. He would needs be 
a clod who could read that story and 
not tingle with patriotism. 

The Italians appreciate it to the 
full, and glory in it. For them Italian 
history begins with United Italy. It 
is the heroes and events of the revolu- 
tion that they commemorate in statues 
and new streets. All natives who in 
any way opposed the revolution and 

Photo. Underwood & Underwood, N. Y. 





the union, simply occupy the place 
that the Tories did in our revolution. 
The Italian Tories are of but one 
kind; the Pope and his political fol- 

That the Pope should refuse to 
recognize a government which has 
treated him with every courtesy; that 
he should presume to announce him- 
self to the world as a prisoner, when 
he is as free as any citizen of the land ; 
that he should maintain an obstinate 
and continued attitude of disloyalty to 
the government which protects him 
and supports his churches — irritates 
the Italians extremely. Probably no 
Church ever made a more fatal mis- 
take in policy than when the papacy 
ranged itself against the government 
under which it has its seat. The full 
fruits of that policy will be 'seen when 
the country which has housed the 
papacy for fifteen hundred years ; from 
which the Pope thundered his com- 
mands to Europe and crowned and 
uncrowned emperors — when this coun- 
try refuses any longer to rest in the 
Church of the Pope as its State Church. 
To me there are a number of les- 
sons for any church in the situation in 
Italy. One is that it is very dangerous 
for any church to fall below the high- 
est standards of intellect and morality 
in the community where it exists. The 

moment it fails to keep up with the 
most advanced standards it finds it to 
its interest to hold the people upon its 
own lower, plane, where it may retain 
its influence over them. Another les- 
son is that it is very dangerous for 
any church to go into politics ; perilous 
for it to take sides in any great poli- 
tical struggle; to tie up its interests 
with any party, or be identified in the 
public mind with any phase of political 
life. And still a third; when individ- 
uals are no longer swayed by supersti- 
tion, when they are touched by agnos- 
ticism or free thought, when in short 
they no longer seek the church to in- 
sure their own salvation in a future 
life, the only hold the church can then 
retarn over them is through its good 
works. They may reject the doctrines 
of the church; but if they see the 
church educating and uplifting be- 
lated races ; teaching and befriending 
the puzzled child of the immigrant; 
following the American flag with 
schools and churches which embody 
the best we know in America — those 
who no longer love the church for 
their own sake must at least respect 
it for the good it does. Far, far be 
the time when the Church in America 
is referred to in such terms of sneer- 
ing contempt as one hears repeatedly 
in Italy! 

The Treasury 

WE GIVE below a tabulated 
and comparative statement of 
the receipts of the Society, 
from living givers for the month of 
April, 1906 and 1907. 

It is not altogether encouraging; 
although the total receipts for the 
month, including legacies, show an 


Churches Schools C.E. 
! 1 


uals State Soc. 


1 ! 
$7,079.80 j $223.96 | $88.12 

$1,603,33 1 


1,37c;. 52 1 $1,812.25 


5,404.67 ! 60.12 | 

. ! 1 

1,961.91 | 


931.32 i 1,085.55 


increase of more than $10,000, over 
April, 1906: 

The appeal for the $470,000 from 
living givers has already gone out. 
It stands as the judgment of the 
committee constituted by the National 
Council that this sum is needed for 
the work of this Society. 


CUBA IS a land of Promise as 
yet unfulfilled. Her natural re- 
sources are almost unlimited 
but to a great extent undeveloped. 
Her climate is almost perfect. The 
extreme heat of the northern summer 
is seldom known. The cold of the 
northern winter never comes. The 
Gulf-stream carries its genial warmth 
to the confines of the frigid zone. The 
little hills of Cuba should be crowned 
with sanitariums and beautiful homes 
where human beings might breathe in 
the health-giving purity of the breezes 
which always blow direct from the 
great waters surrounding this island 
of sunshine. 

What are the causes of Cuba's lack 
of progress? Human beings. In 
what consists her hope of future pro- 
gress and prosperity? Human beings. 
Her great need is a people, not so 
much a new people as a regenerate 
people. The descendants of the peo- 
ple who murdered the quiet and 
. peaceful Carib are here. The descend- 
ants of that people's slaves are here. 
They have mingled to such an extent 

that it is difficult to draw a dividing 
line. The treatment of them by the 
Church which has professed to care 
for their spiritual and moral welfare 
has not been of such a nature as to 
help them think of moral and spiritual 
things, but rather to keep them in 
ignorance and continuous degradation. 
The clergy naturally fell, morally and 
spiritually, to the level of their own 
teachings and although they may at 
times have preached better things, 
they did not practice what they 
preached. Fully one-third of the chil- 
dren were born out of wedlock. Mar- 
riage was a form which the wealthy 
only could afford, and now multitudes 
must be counted as "bastards and not 
sons." Shall we look for real pros- 
perity until moral and spiritual pros- 
perity is established ? No, a thousand 
times NO. Such conditions may be 
nominally enforced by arms, but never 
really established until the people 
yearn for them from their inmost 
souls. Cuba's fertile lands, her valu- 
able forests, her great mineral wealth 
claim the attention of the whole 




world, but the harbinger of peace and 
the forerunner of prosperity is the 
Gospel of Jesus the Saviour of the 
world. The moral and spiritual decay 
of a resourceful people has left behind 
a compost-heap rich in possibilities. 
Shall we leave it because it is rotten? 
Let the thundertones of indignation 
and the showers of abuse and scandal 
and the torrents of political destruc- 
tion and the floods of cupidity cease. 
We need no more water. Let us 
hasten to cultivate the compost-heap 
and plant the seeds of a practical 
Christianity, educate the children, 
lead the youth from out this wieked 
and adulterous generation to marry 
legitimate wives and plant honorable 
homes, let the breezes of heaven blow 
away the fumes and stench of decay, 
let the vegetation of decency and 
morality and uprightness absorb the 

filth of that decay and the desert shall 
blossom like the rose. "The moun- 
tains and the hills shall break forth 
before you into singing, and all the 
trees of the field shall clap their 
hands. Instead of the thorn shall come 
up the fir-tree, and instead of the briar 
shall come up the myrtle-tree; and it 
shall be to the Lord for a name, for 
an everlasting sign that shall not be 
cut off." "Men of thought and men 
of action, clear th.e way." 

You do not need information con- 
cerning Cuba. If the years of news- 
paper reports and of magazine art- 
icles and of personal experience have 
not enlightened you, what more can 
be done? Cuba is the strategic point 
to be gained in order to enter Latin 
America. She forms the pivot, del- 
icate yet strong, on which will turn 
the destiny of millions of human souls. 





Will the Congregational Churches, 
leaders in education and practical 
Christianity, representatives of so 
large a percentage of a great nation's 
wealth, famed for her devotion to the 
cause of humanity, diligent in busi- 

ness, sitting at the feet of Jesus of 
Nazareth the Saviour of the world, 
permit so wonderful an opportunity as 
Cuba presents go by without grasp- 
ing it with firm and resolute hand? 
God forbid ! 

Home Missions in the 
Old Dominion 

By Rev. C. A. Jones 

ON ST. PATRICK'S Day, March 
17th, our newest Virginia 
Home Missionary church en- 
tered a new pastorate. Rev. H. W 
Dowding, for three years the very 
successful pastor of Hawley Mem- 
orial, Monterey, Pa., takes up the 
Congregational work at Portsmouth, 
Va. This newest Pilgrim-Puritan en- 
terprise in the Old Dominion State 
has, even against odds, shown un- 
usual vigor and thrift, as well as con- 
tinued generosity and self-sacrifice. 
In February, 1905, the First Church 
was organized. It has flourished from 
its conception. Its constituency is 
practically southern and has proved by 
its good works its right to our fellow- 
ship. Small in numbers, these Vir- 
ginia Congregationalists rank first in 
local church finance. Rev. John G. 
Sibson, their first pastor, was obliged 
to retire suddenly from the field by 
reason of sickness. He left them well 
organized and in possession of two 
fine lots, paid for. Rev. D. K. Young, 
Jr., who now retires, leaves them in 
possession of a $7,000 new edifice, 
with no debt upon it, except that of 
the Congregational Church-Building 
Society, whose annual payments can 
be easily handled. While the Ports- 
mouth Congregationalists continue to 
command the respect of all Christian 
people in that city and Norfolk, they 
have handled their finances largely in 
their own circle. Forty or more mem- 
bers will back Mr. Dowding- to the 


A--W *#Pm 

■ v ^sjK^HB 


echo. We shall watch them grow. A 
crisis for them is at hand. Mr. Dowd- 
ing, as a leader, will be equal to it. 
It is the Jamestown Exposition and 
what that may mean to this band of 
Congregationalists. Plans will be 
made to call the attention of every 
Congregationalist in the United States 
to this enterprise. Every visitor to 
the Exposition will find a hearty wel- 
come at the First Congregational 
Church, Park View, Portsmouth, Va., 
just a few squares back of the Naval 
Hospital where Admiral Cervera and 
his captured veterans found, during 
the Spanish-American War, such a re- 
ception as friends, not foes, vouchsafe. 
Visit our "little Johnnie Church" when 
you go to that part of the interesting 

Demands and Opportunities 

By Rev. Roy B. Guild,, Secretary 

ILLINOIS, LIKE ancient Gaul, is divided into three parts for Congrega- 
tional Home Missionary work. Technically we have one Society zvith two 

auxiliaries; practically we have three societies, the Illinois Home Mission- 
ary Society, the Chicago City Missionary Society and the Peoria Missionary 
Society. The Chicago City Missionary Society assumes responsibility for the 
churches inside the limits of that city as does the Peoria Society in that city, 
leaving their suburbs and all the state to the care of the State Society. 

For nearly thirty years we have been self-supporting. At the same time 
the demands of the National Society have not been unheeded. In answer to 
ihese demands an arrangement was made by which the contributions from liv- 
ing givers was divided proportionately between the Illinois Home Missionary 
Society and the Congregational Home Missionary Society, all above a certain 
amount to go to the National Society. This arrangement came to be known as 
the "Illinois Plan" used now in the division of receipts in all constituent states. 
That the plan is a wise one no one doubts, after observing how much stronger 
the appeal is to the contributing public zvhen the needs of city, commonwealth 
ond country are combined. 

The rural districts which, thirty years ago, called for the largest expend- 
iture of funds are to-day of less importance. The zeal that planted many 
churches in country villages, over-reached itself, because many of these villages 
never realised in size the hopes of the early settlers. Many of our churches in 
these communities are to-day unable to maintain regular and effective services 
unaided. To aid them necessitates neglect in unchurched communities about 
our cities and great coal mines. 

This does not mean that our work is therefore finished in these fields. The 
zveakness in many cases is due to a cause that Will before long give us splendid 
opportunities. That cause is the incoming foreign settlers, who have bought 
out the less thrifty American farmers and village merchants. Their children 
will some day wish to go to American churches, and the Congregational 
Church is truly American. To the limit of our ability zve must in these fields' 
continue our work, laying the foundation for greater usefulness in the future. 
There is a far better opportunity for making good citizens of these of' foreign 
birth in the rural district than in the closely settled yet isolated colony of the\ 
great city. 

As Illinois is second in the rank of coal producing states, many industries 
are attracted to sites within our border. The most encouraging outlook for 
planting churches that will become strong and self-supporting, is in these com- 
munities. In East Moline and Ridgeviezw hundreds of homes have been built 
by those employed in the John Deere and Moline Plow works, the Moline Tool 
works and kindred manufacturing plants. Tzvo churches zuere organized in 
ihese communities three miles apart. They are connected by the street-car line, 
zvhich makes it possible for one man to care for both: So successful has the 
undertaking been under the leadership of Rev. H. C. Harris: that we have 
dedicated tzuo church buildings and erected a parsonage, free" of all debt. One 

of the churches will soon come 
to self-support. 

In East St. Louis, the city 
that is growing by leaps and 
bounds, we are having similar 
success in the Plymouth 
Church, of which Rev. R. K. 
Stetson is pastor. In this city 
zv e are handicapped as we are 
in Danville, Bloomington, 
Streator and other cities by 
not having a strong mother 
church. The Plymouth Church 
promises now to become such 
a church, because of the in- 
terest of men of influence who 

years the Goodrich Church in East St. Louis 
but the busy pastor of Plymouth is slowly 


are rallying about the pastor. For 
has been a reproach to our name, 
pulling it out of the "slough 
of despond." 

Our Missionary churches 
in the suburbs of Chicago 
steadily pass from our rolls. 
The last to do so tvas the 
church at Morton Park, near 
the mammoth Western Elec- 
iiic plant on the Burlington 
road. From a condition that 
-warranted receiving $300 a 
year aid. it has called its own 
pastor at $1,200, and is now 
able to help us establish 
ether churches. 

A source of weakness in 


the matter of preserving the 

fruits of our labor is that 

there are so many large 

cities in our state in zvhich 

we do not have any church. 

Chief among these is Joliet. 

The Association to which a 

Joliet church would belong 

feels this loss so keenly that 

it has petitioned the Society 

to undertake the work here 

on a scale, and under a 

leadership that will rally the 

hundreds of Christians zvho 

are, or have been, members 

the miners of Congregational Churches. 

Without giving more illustrations of this character of our zvork, suffice it 

to say, we could profitably spend every dollar given the Society in these new 

industrial communities. From the standpoint of statistics, it might be the most 

satisfactory thing to do, but beyond the factory is the coal mine. Here the need 


is the greatest, and so to the man of the missionary spirit, the opportunity of 
service is the most attractive. 

Coal mines are scattered over two-thirds of our commonwealth. A quarter 
of a million persons depend upon them for a living. These persons represent 
most of the nations of the zvorld. Every coal camp is a miniature Babel. Every 
influence is present that makes for the destruction of body and soul. The gloom 
of the mine makes the brilliancy of the saloon all the more attractive. The con- 
stant hazarding of life in the presence of falling slate and blasting powder 
makes men careless, reckless in every way. They hold life cheap, and so have 
little regard for the soul. The home life in most of the mining toutns reflects 
all these influences, and from infancy, children are accustomed to profanity and 
little regard for the soul. The home life in most of the mining towns reflects 
obscenity. To a causal visitor, the chief task of these little ones is to carry pails 
of beer on Sunday, for half drunken parents — except zvhen a Sunday school 
teacher can get them to the mission church for an hour or two. 

In such a place Christian zvork is full of discouragements. The inspiration 
comes from the needs of the people, and the knowledge that the Gospel, and 
nothing but the Gospel, zvill supply the needs. 

Through the services of our home missionary pastors, inspired by these 
needs, we have had some very satisfactory results. Seatonville may be taken as 
a type. A church building zvas erected here some years ago. A year ago the 
last dollar of indebtedness on church and parsonage zvas met. In the winter 
our State Evangelist, Rev. I . G. Brooks, held special meetings, and the church 
is at last self-supporting. The strong, hopeful spirit greatly encouraged the 
pastor, Rev. Maclnness. This is the only Protestant Church in a community of 
.\,ooo people. 

Eight miles from Seatonville is Cherry, a tozOn that has sprung up almost 
■hi a night. The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad owns the mines. 
Five hundred zvorkmen already on the pay-roll. The population numbers 1,000. 
There is every prospect it zvill double in a year or two. There are fourteen 
saloons and not a place of worship. 

Editor's Outlook 

Our June Number 

IT HAD been our purpose to make 
the June Home Missionary a 
young people's number, including 
in that class the boys and girls and the 
young men and maidens of the Con- 
gregational Church. We have only 
partially realized our intention. Val- 
uable matter accumulated, which it 
was desirable to publish before sum- 
mer. The June number is the latest 
until September. We have, therefore, 
compromised with our intentions, and 
have divided the June issue between 
our older and our younger consti- 
tuency. Our older friends, we doubt 
not, will read with interest the articles 
of Mr. Allen, Miss Crowell, Mrs. 
Broad and Miss White, and our 
younger readers will be very unwise 
if they do not read with care, as we 
are sure they will read with interest, 
the articles of Miss Reynolds, Dr. 
Todd, Secretary Guild and Sec- 
retary McAfee. W T e believe that no 
recent number offers a richer variety 
of matter, or promises greater enlight- 
ment, than the June Home Mission- 

An Important Notice to 

The annual meeting of the National 
Federation of Women's Congrega- 
tional State Home Missionary Organ- 
izations will be held in Cleveland, 
Ohio, next October, in connection 
with the National Council. 

Annie A. McFarland, Secretary. 


C Mr. Charles C. West, for sev- 
eral years a valued member of the 
Executive Committee, has found it 
necessary to resign. His place has 
not yet been filled. 

C Rev. S. V. S. Fisher, for many 

years our Superintendent of the 
Scandinavian Department, has return- 
ed to the pastorate, and this Depart- 
ment has been placed under the care 
of Professors Grauer and Risberg, of 
the Chicago Theological Seminary. 

C Dr. E. D. Curtis, after a long 
and faithful service, has retired from 
the superintendency of Indiana, and 
Rev. Albert E. Ricker, of Aurora, 
Nebraska, whose interest in Home 
Missions has always been active, has 
been appointed in his place. 

C Dr. Frank E. Jenkins, late pas- 
tor of the Central Congregational , 
Church, Atlanta, is now the Superin- 
tendent of "The South," including 
North and South Carolina, Alabama, 
Georgia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Flor- 
ida, Texas and Louisiana. This is a 
large parish, but Dr. Jenkins is a man 
of large experience, as well of sincere 
interest in the development of south- 
ern Congregationalism. Dr. Gale has 
retired from the superintendency of 
Florida, and Rev. A. T. Clarke from 
that of Alabama, to make room for 
this important change. The long ser- 
vice of these brethren will be grate- 
fully remembered. 

C Rev. C. E. Clapp, who since 
1889, has been the beloved Superin- 
tendent of Oregon, has yielded to his 
first and greater love, and exchanges 
the superintendency for a general mis- 
sionaryship in the Northwest, includ- 
ing Oregon, Washington and Idaho. 
To this work of evangelism he will 
carry the love and good wishes of 
many churches and friends. 

C Rev. W. S. Bell, for eighteen 
years joint Superintendent of the 
Home Missionary Society and the 
Sunday School Society in Montana, 
and the fruit of whose labors is his 
enduring monument, has been called 
to become Secretary of the Montana 




Historical Society, upon which ser- 
vice he will enter June 1. Among 
fourteen applicants for the place. 
Mr. Bell was regarded as the most 
promising and available. 

C The Maine Home Missionary 
Society began the celebration of its 
one hundredth anniversary May 7. 
Secretary Harbutt made a report 
covering not only the story of the 
past year, but including many facts 
of historic interest during the last 
century. Dr. Smith Baker presented 
an interesting paper upon the secre- 
taries of the Society, with many of 
whom he has been in personal touch 
and close acquaintance. Dr. H. C. 
Herring, General Secretary of the 
National Society, was cordially re- 
ceived and made an impressive ad- 
dress on "The Century of Home Mis- 
sions." President David N. Beach, of 
Bangor, Rev. Raymond Calkins, of 
Portland, and Rev. S. P. Cook, State 
Missionary of Massachusetts, took 
leading parts in the program. The 
anniversary is in progress at the pres- 
ent writing. 

C Dr. Herring, as General Sec- 
retary of the Society, has had reason 
to regret that he is not possessed of 
several lives to spend in its service. 
The demands upon his time have been 
continuous, and his excursions have 
reached in every direction from the 
office. It is an augury of future pros- 
perity for the Home Missionary So- 
ciety, that its newly elected Secretary 
is everywhere welcomed and every- 
where wanted. 

C Two veteran Superintendents 
have withdrawn from the service of 
the Society within a few months past. 
Rev. J. Homer Parker began work for 
the Home Missionary Society in 1882. 
He was the founder of the Atlanta, 
Georgia, Church, and for some time 
its pastor. He entered Oklahoma at 
the beginning of things, and has been 
an indefatigable Superintendent from 

then until now. His long and tireless 
service has somewhat affected his 
health, and he retires in favor of Rev. 
C. G. Murphy, late of Texas, who has 
been welcomed by the Oklahoma 
churches as their future leader. Rev. 
Harmon Bross, D. D., has been at the 
head of Home Missions in Nebraska 
for twenty years, enjoying the con- 
fidence and sympathy of the churches 
to an unusual degree, and now retires 
with the good will of the Society. 
Rev. S. I. Hanford, a Nebraska pas- 
tor, has succeeded Dr. Bross as Sec- 
retary of the now independent state, 
with every promise of successful 

C Miss M. Dean Moffatt has been 
known in connection with the Field 
Force of this Society since 1895, and 
there are few churches, East or West, 
that have not heard her earnest ad^ 
dresses. In the enforced economy 
that requires a reduction of our Field 
Force, Miss Moffatt has retired, and 
is now engaged in philanthropic work 
in New Haven, Connecticut. 

C Rev. J. K. Harrison, for many 
years Secretary of the North Cali- 
fornia Home Missionary Society, has 
been obliged by ill health to resign 
his work. His services will be greatly 
missed as they have been greatly 
valued. Under his direction the So- 
ciety has come to self-support and en- 
larged prosperity. 

C We are pleased to announce to 
the churches that the day of un- 
pleasantness in Florida is at an end. 
At a recent meeting of the State As- 
sociation all parties made mutual con- 
cessions, buried all animosities, and 
came to an amicable understanding 
for the future. Churches that sep- 
arated from the Association came 
back, and good will crowned the en- 
tire meeting. The Florida case is now 
a matter of history, and while it will 
be remembered with regret, the end is 

Our Young People 

The Blue Marble — A Child's Story 

By Katharine R. Crowell, 
Author of "Coming Americans' 

LISTEN ! Do you not hear it — 
that far-away music, sweet and 
faint, like an echo from fairy 
land? And indeed it must be fairy 
music, for as we listen do we not see 
the blue marble — blue as blue can be 
— falling into the grass and the eager 
little children who, looking for it find 
it not ? The blue marble is gone ! but 
only because it has changed into the 
bluest of blue violets. 

Fairy music — yes ; but "truly" 
music too ; sung by hundreds of chil- 
dren's voices — sweet as sweet can be. 
Except for certain happenings we 
should not hear them — and then there 
would have been no story of the Blue 

Marble ! 

Let me tell you what did happen. 
It was one day last summer — in June 
the "leafy" month; but it was' not 
leafy in the New York street where 
we find Isodor and little six-year-old 
Freda. Oh, no; not leafy — or any- 
thing that is cool and fresh and green. 
Isodor and Freda and hundreds — no 
— thousands — of other children are in 
these crowded streets. Worse than 
crowded. Look at the pushcarts — in 
endless rows — containing almost 
everything you could name and some 
that you could not. You will recog- 
nize them though by sight not by 
sound, for the peddlers are calling 

Courtesy of Federation of Churches and Christian Organizations 


Copyright, 1906, Federation of Churches and Christian Organizations 


their names in outlandish Yeddish. 
Do you know what kind of children 
speak Yeddish? Look at the women 
"shopping" in this shooless place, with 
children in their arms and children 
hanging on to their skirts. There are 
children sitting on the sidewalk, too, 
and children in every doorway and on 
every stoop ; children running up and 
down the middle of the street, shout- 
ing, screaming, playing, fighting — 
and all the while dodging wagons and 
street cars. Such is the "children's 
play-ground," and school vacations 
are just about to begin — must the chil- 
dren spend all the coming summer 
mornings in these hot and noisy 
streets? But wait! A good many 
people have been thinking about the 
summer days and these children. You 
will see presently what this thinking 
has amounted to. 

We must go back a little — it is in 
April and May — is it not? that we see 
sometimes countless birds flying over- 
head? They come from the South 
somewhere. Well ; last May a flock 
of white birds flew away out of the 

city to the country. (And no won- 
der). You must have noticed that in 
some strange way birds always know 
just where to go. Watch our little 
white birds now ! They fly to the 
north and they fly to the south ; to the 
east also and to the west, but every- 
one makes straight -for a college 
campus ! And presently we see a stu- 
dent here and another student there 
holding in his hand a white bird (a 
letter in a white envelope you know 
it really is) and thinking very hard 
over a message it brings — and do you 
know every "bird" carries a message 
about the little children in those hot 
and noisy streets who, unless these 
students can prevent it, are likely to 
spend all the vacation days in the 
streets — in idleness and in learning to 
do wrong things. The students look 
rather sober over the matter, for over 
against the thought of those crowded 
streets with their sights and sounds 
and odors (but let us not speak of the 
odors) and children, rise visions of 
the sea (Ah! its strong and salty 
breezes!) of glorious mountain 




tramps; of long journeys of delight — 
which have been planned to fill their 
vacation days. But a lovlier Vision 
and more winning Voice intercedes 
for the little children ; and so it has 
come about that on this summer 
morning, as Isodor and Freda look 
longingly through iron bars, on fresh 
green grass and the "leafy" walls of a 
beautiful church — for in New York 
many church walls are leafy and cool 
and green — the white birds' message 
is bringing from north and south and 
east and west student volunteers, who 
on these vacation days shall help to 
change all life to come for many a 
boy and girl. 

And this brings us back to Isodor 
and Freda. They are not now looking 
through iron gratings ; for a lovely 
lady fresh and crisp — like her white 
shirtwaist — told them yesterday that 
to-day the gates would swing open 
for them, and sure enough at nine 
o'clock they are wide open, and. hun- 
dreds of children from the streets 
nearby are pouring into the big church 
— one of the twenty-three churches 
where the Federation Daily Vacation 
Bible Schools are to be held, (we will 
glance in at some of them presently) 
— for the crisp young ladies and the 
wide-awake and alert young men who 
will be the teachers have been making 
friends with these tousled little street 
children in ten different neighbor- 
hoods (different, but all alike crowd- 
ed with children) on the east side, 
and ten on the west side — two in 
Brooklyn and one in Jersey City ! We 
must first see where our two little 
friends are — Ah ! there in the midst of 
over two hundred other little Russian 
Jews, we see Freda, with curly hair 
and sparkling eyes. The principal 
tells us that these little Jewish chil- 
dren are among the most lovable of 
God's creatures, and their teacher says 
that Isodor Is-ador-able ! But you 
want to know what is done in these 
vacation schools — for let me tell you, 
they are not a bit like /m-Vacation 
schools ! 

Well, in the first place, all these 

church doors open wide at nine o'clock 
each morning. The children troop in 
and are registered (the first day). At 
9.30 they sing a hymn; then listen to 
a Bible story. (The teachers knozv 
Jwzv to tell Bible stories, and these lit- 
tle street children listen to them en- 
tranced). Then there are calisthenics 
and a song; at 10.30 every boy and 
girl is busy with raffia, hammock 
twine or sewing; at 11.30 after anoth- 
er hymn and the repetition of the 
child's benediction, all the little peo- 
ple march out to the sound of music — 
and that is the end for to-day. Not 
always the end, though. Many of 
them have grand good times playing 
basketball in the afternoons, for in 
this way, the principal fairly captures 
the hearts of his boys. 

Now for our flying visit to some of 
the schools. No. 1 is in the Five 
Points Mission in Park Street. We 
must walk through Mulberry Bend 
to reach it — not the old Bend — but 
"Mulberry Bend as it is." (You 
know this picture?) If not, look for 
it in "The Making of an American." 
Here are Italian children — nearly 
three hundred — fearfully poor but 
bright and dear, as their teacher says 
lovingly. As we glance in we see 
them sewing clothes for baby broth- 
ers and sisters. 

Epiphany Chapel in Stanton Street 
is next, with its poorly dressed but 
winsome faced little Russians. You 
will entirely lose your hearts to the 
little children of the Epiphany kinder- 
garten ! "Ah!" you say, "they are 
just dear." And so they are. Guess 
how many pupils the Epiphany Bible 
school has on its roll. You cannot? 
Then I must tell you — five hundred 
and sixty-one ! Stanton Street chil- 
dren certainly must like Bible stories. 

In School No. 3 — we find Italians 
and Jews — such poverty ! Poor little 
people — but their eyes are bright and 
their hands busy. They will not al- 
ways be poor. They have a perfect 
passion for making hammocks, partly 
because their leader is himself so en- 
thusiastic in the work. School No. 4 



-I— i 






has Irish children — hard to manage, 
very. They keep quite still though, 
to catch every word of the story of 
Joseph, which being long must be 
"continued in our next." Here are 
the chapters : One chapter each day — 
Story of Joseph's boyhood ambitions ; 
Joseph made a slave ; Joseph in 
prison ; Joseph's deliverance ; Joseph's 
brethren. The children love this 
story. The principal plays basketball 
with these boys in the afternoons, and 
to-day they are to play a match with 

children, mostly Bohemians, do not 
miss one session of the whole "sum- 
mer. Could you equal that? The 
rector of a certain dearly-loved 
church, before sailing for Europe re- 
membering the tenement children in 
the neighborhood, asked for a Daily 
Bible School for them, promising to 
see provided all that was needed to 
support it. This is school No. 7 — and 
in it we see another "kind" of chil- 
dren—Germans — orderly, clean and 
industrious, and you should hear them 

Copyright Federation of Churches and Christian Organizations 


another school. No. 5 shows us a new 
combination — Bohemia and Italy. 
You should see some of their work — 
it is fine I can tell you. No. 6 is held 
in a beautiful church on Madison 
Avenue. "But," you say, "where are 
the children? There are no 'slums" 
or tenements here !' " No, but the pas- 
tor of the church wanted a Daily 
Vacation Bible School, paid all ex- 
penses and made it so attractive that 
every morning in the hot summer 
days, the children walk from four to 
ten "long" blocks to attend. Fifty 

sing — perhaps you may before we 
finish. We have time only for another 
peep or two to see the "kind" of chil- 
dren. No. 8 is Irish chiefly. No. 9 
is the Harlem Y. W. C. A. — and is 
for "girls only," but of many nation- 
alities. No. 10 is happy in having al- 
most a garden around the church 
where it is held, and here the children 
from ramshackle tenements work in 
the open air ! The kindergarten in 
this "garten" is worth seeing. No 11 
is in a church to which city children 
owe a great deal of pleasure, for the 




first of the children's summer play- 
grounds was established by it and 
neighboring churches. These chil- 
dren need 2laygrounds ! We speak of 
the crowded blocks on the East side — 
this West side block is nearly as bad. 
It sent more than three hundred chil- 
dren to No. 11! In another school we 
find Irish, Italian, German and Afri- 
can children ; in still another three 
hundred and fifty children. Italian 
chiefly, but with Irish, French, Jewish, 
German and African modifications ! 

garians and Italians (the most in- 
teresting and intellectual, and Amer- 
icans (the most snobbish) they were 
not so popular, especially among the 
Americans. The teacher speaks of 
one boy who yawning disdainfully, re- 
marked that when he was sick he had 
a doctor, and when he got hurt he had 
an operation ! 

But we must see the "Commence- 
ment" of all these schools — even if 
we leave the rest unvisited — saying 
only that owing to the Daily Vacation 


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Copyright, Federation of Churches 


The Ten Commandments are taught 
in the Bible Schools — and it was in 
the last named that a boy recited, 
"Thou shalt not steal," but forgot it 
when a tempting jack-knife same 
within his reach; the next day at the 
close of the lesson he came to the 
teacher of his own accord, and gave 
up the knife. 

"First aid to the injured" talks are 
given in all the schools ; they are 
generally popular — but in one school 
where there are Germans (the best- 
workers) Irish (the most noisy) Hun- 


Bible schools, there were saved from 
the miseries and temptations of the 
streets last summer, 6,696 boys and 
girls. They must have liked the 
schools ! And they must have loved 
their teachers ! Indeed they showed 
that they did by begging them to have 
the schools this year. 

I wonder — don't you? — how many 
schools there will be in Greater New 
York this summer? And why not in 
other cities? Twenty-three? Fifty- 
three? One hundred and three? For 
there are plenty of churches in which 




to hold them; plenty of children (over 
1,000,000) to attend them, and many 
earnest young people in college who 
will surely volunteer to teach. Only 
one thing is lacking ! You can guess 
what it is, I am sure. 

But the Commencement! That is 
the great thing for us at this moment. 

It is held in the Metropolitan 
Temple. Hark! there is that fairy 
music again ! We are nearer now and 
can make out the words. 

I had a marble, made of glass, 
, And blue as blue could be ; 
And once, when playing in the grass, 
It slipped away from me. 

And I have never found it yet, 
And can't, because, you see, 
It turned into a violet 
As blue as blue can be. 

It is the children's favorite song. 
But do watch what is going 
on ! Every corner and crevice of 
the great Temple is filled up to the 
very last seat in the gallery. There 
are eighteen hundred children and six 
hundred teachers, friends and moth- 
ers of the children. Look up at the 
galleries,, the walls and the roof space 
— I said, you know, that during the 
second hour of the school session, the 
children worked with their hands. 
Here are some of the results. Nearly 
four hundred hammocks ; sixty made 
by one school, and six by one little 
girl of another school. There are 
baskets of reed, and dolls' hats of 
raffia ; mats and purses and even sofa 
pillows also of raffia. There are sew- 
ing and embroidery and nine hundred 
- needle-books. There are blank-books 
filled with Bible stories, maps and 
pictures, the result of the Bible study 
in the schools. But see those little 
boys — three of them, Italians — com- 
ing up to the platform. What are 
they going to do? They are moving 
something. Oh, they are sand tables. 
Each boy is making a map. Why! it 
is Palestine, and they have completed 
+1 iem in seven minutes. Their teacher 


is calling out the important towns — 
and as fast as he names them, the lit- 
tle fellows insert small sticks in the 
proper places. Could you do it? 

Ah ! here come some children from 
that leafy church with the garden. 
And here is the kindergarten from St. 
Michael's. Their exhibit is a doll's 
house — just about a perfect doll's 
house — Listen — as they tell the 
story of Blind Bartimaeus. Some 
of the schools are sending up 
little barefoot delegates in blue over- 
alls to recite. And these beautiful 
drills — flower drills, rhythm, wand 
and nurses' drills. 

One of the most beautiful is the 
chanting in unison of the Lord's 
Prayer. Then the children sing "The 
King of Love" — conducted by a 
Princeton Glee Club man. 

Now comes the close. Look ! Look ! 
the flag-bearer from each school is 
mounting the platform and eighteen 
hundred children arise and promise 
allegiance to the flag — and once more, 
they sing "America," and for the last 
time they repeat together the "chil- 
dren's benediction." 

Suffer the little children to come 
unto Me, and forbid them not. 

So end the Daily Vacation Bible 
Schools of 1906, and lo! it is nearly 
time for those of 1907 ! When the 
ninth day of July arrives, you may, 
if you listen, hear again the fairy 

A "Make Believe" 


By Mrs. Caswell-Broad 

CHILDREN, sometimes you play 
a "Make-believe" game. John 
becomes a "make-believe" giant 
in a castle, and you pretend to be very 
much afraid of him. Mary is a 
"make-believe" housekeeper, and all 
her dolls are real live babies. 

Now I want you to "make-believe" 
with me, awhile. Here before you is 
a large, clean blackboard. There is 
nothing on it but a big 

What does that stand for? Annie 
says, "Christian;" Ella, "Church;" 
for the girls think such a big C in 
"The Home Missionary" must mean 
something religious. Robert says 
"Club;" Peter "Coach," and little 
lame Ben thinks it may stand for 

But no. It is a long, long word, 
and you cannot guess. 

Now put on your thinking caps while 
I "make-believe" print another letter 
on this "make-believe" blackboard. 

Oh, you all know that ! and are all 
speaking at once. I hear the words 
"Heart," "Hen," "Heaven," but lit- 
tle Bessie has it. 

H.— HOME. 
The next "make-believe" letter is a 

which begins so many words, and 
this is another long one. And now 
some of you begin to guess at what 
is coming, and I hear the words, 
"Minister," and "Missionary." Yes! 
that is it. 

The last word you will all guess, at 
once, I am sure. It begins with a big 

What a shout But no — it isn't "Sun- 

day school." What do you call it when 
several boys and girls, or men and 
women, meet together once a week or 
month, and talk about something they 
want to do? Ah! James has it! He 
has joined a "Busy Bee" Society. So 
here it is : 

Now here are four very important 
words. Let us put them together on 
our "make-believe" blackboard. 

This is a Society that you and I and 
all the men and women, boys and girls 
in the country may belong to. Let us 
join at once. Why? Because if we 
love our country we want everybody 
who lives here to love our Lord Jesus 

Now that we have joined this So- 
ciety, what must we do? 

i. We must love our country. 

2. We must love the dear old flag 
with its beautiful stars and stripes. 

3. We must sing, "My Country 
'Tis of Thee." 

4. We must save a part of our 
"candy money," a part of our gift 
money, and a part of our earned 
money to send to the 

Once upon a time, away out on the 
prairie there was no Sunday school or 
church, so, of course there was no 

One day a lady told some children 
there, that where she used to live they 
had a Sunday school. These children 
had never seen a Sunday school and 
were much interested in her- story. 

"We want a Sunday school !" they 
cried. "How can we have one?" 

"Well," said the lady, "you must 




first find some one who can pray, to 
take care of it." 

"Can you pray?" asked a little girl 
with blue eyes. 

The lady looked very sober as she 
said softly, "I never pray." 

After school the next day you 
might have seen a group of small 
boys and girls, starting out on a most 
important errand. At the first house 
the little girl of the blue eves knocked 
timidly at the door, and when it was 
opened by a woman, she asked: 

"Is there anybody in this house who 
can pray?" 

"No !" exclaimed the woman, and 
slammed the door in their faces. At 
the next house the inquiry was made 
by a boy, with the same result. From 
house to house trudged the brave lit- 
tle band, always meeting that dread- 

ful word, "No!" 

Quite discouraged they appeared 
before the lady who told them of a 
Sunday school, with the pitiful story : 
"There is nobody anywhere who can 
pray! What shall we do?" 

"I will tell you," said the lady. 
"Write to the 


at New York, and ask for a Mission- 
ary. The child-letter was written, 
and the Missionary was sent, and the 
dear children had a Sunday school, 
and all the people had a minister and 
a church. 

Isn't it worth while to save your 
pennies, and send a missionary to peo- 
ple who do not pray, and children who 
have no Sundav School? 

Another Victory at the Front 

By Rf.v. Ernest Bourner Allen 

IN TIME of war, news from the 
front is awaited with anxious 
eagerness. Who has forgotten 
those days of '98 when we watched 
for word from Dewey and Schley, 
from Wood and Roosevelt? News 
from the King's men is of mightier 
moment. No newspapers print their 
names in type like a yard stick, no 
city gives them a big reception with 
bands and banquets. But God writes 
over their lives what one group of 
honest western men carved on the 
modest tombstone of a missionary 
preacher : 

"If you seek his monument, 
Look around you." 

Let me paint you a picture on the 
canvas of the years. 

I knew him in the middle west 
where he was the pastor of a little 
home missionary church in the sub- 
urbs of a capitol city. It was a dis- 
couraging field, but he held it for ten 
long years. Repeatedly he was called 
to other and larger places, but he 
steadfastly stuck to his place, believ- 
ing that time would tell the story. He 

preached at a little country hamlet 
beside. The usual accompaniment of 
long drives and trying physical ser- 
vice was his lot. But they never 
murmured. I say they, for she was 
made of the same heroic stuff, cast in 
gentler lines. They were proud of 
their girls, — sweet, pure, gentle girls, 
like their mother. 

Then came the call to the West, in 
a great mininp- state. They went be- 
cause — well, it was hard, men were 
not easily found, there was a chance 
to lay foundations, they wanted to 
pioneer for Christ. It was the thing 
to which they had consecrated their 
lives. Folks who do not know the 
joy of giving up one's life called it 
foolish, but these missionaries smiled 
at others' ignorance. 

They settled at the confluence of 
two rivers, where the gold hunters 
established their winter headquarters 
before the war. It is the Mecca of the 
Pacific Northwest — where summer 
nights are cool, and game abounds, 
and the freedom of forest and hill is a 
tonic to bodv, brain and heart. Two 




towns stand in neighborly relations 
where the rivers meet. They have to- 
day a tributary area greater than the 
total land and water surface of Mass- 
achusetts, Delaware, Maryland and 
Rhode Island. Possibilities! That is 
the thrilling word that one utters 
under his breath ! The Christian states- 
man and seer is thinking not only of 
commerce and schools, of mines and 
cities, but of civilization and churches 
and men. Who builds foundations 
here renders service immortal ! 

What did our missionaries find on 
the field? A little handful of hope- 
less, leaderless, homeless people. 
There were just twenty-two, counting 
men, women and children, embarked 
in the Mayflower of a forlorn hope. 
They had no place to meet, nothing 
with which to pay a pastor or buy a 
gallon of oil. No Sunday school or 
Endeavor society existed. Behold 
what God hath zvrought in eighteen 
months; The Sunday school averages 
100; there were 124 on a recent Sab- 
bath. The church enrolls sixty mem- 
bers, the Endeavor society twenty. 
They are completing their own 
church, of pressed brick, veneered, 
and trimmed with sandstone. It will 
cost $7,500 and seat 250. 

Do you know how they did it? I 
have a letter from that missionary 
pastor, my friend. He says the 
Church Building Society have helped 
them, but the most of the money has 
been raised on the field. How? "It 
is given till the blood comes on the 
part of some of us. We have already 
put over $400 into the work. Don't 
you want to have a share in this new 
and glorious work? I hope you can 
help just a little." 

Here is the stuff of which heroes 
are made. Have you caugnt a glimpse 
of this man's consecration? Have you 
given as much in eighteen months as 
he gave out of his meagre salary? 
And he has been partially supporting 
two daughters in a Christian college, 
who are doing their utmost to earn 
their own way. Write these words 
down in your Bible, words he put in 
his letter: 

"I like hard places. 
It gives one a chance 
To draw upon the 
Almighty for supplies." 

Have you ever felt like that? Where 
are the young men and young women 
who think they have hero stuff in 
them? Have you longed to do some 
difficult, dangerous service? What 
sacrifice for the Kingdom will you 
endure ? Are you willing to give "till 
the blood comes," in order to see that 
the Gospel is preached? The Master 
gave His command to every disciple. 
If you cannot give your life, you can 
give your money. It represents life 
and love. You can put money into 
the work of this home missionary pas- 
tor. There are scores like him. To 
tell his story puts iron in one's blood, 
and it ought to put blood into our 
giving! "I have never doubted," he 
says, " never doubted the call to come 
here. It would have been easier to go 
to and into a new church al- 
ready built, but it would not have 
been so heroic nor such a blessing as 
to take this hard place." 

These men and women at the front 
are God's soldiers. God pity us if we 
withhold ample supplies from the men 
at the front. It is heartless for us to 
cheer them when they return, scarred 
and worn by the battles, unless we 
have kept them furnished with the 
ammunition of adequate salaries and 
encouraging words. Many a young 
man could easily give ten dollars a 
year, about forty cents a week, for the 
salary of one of the soldiers of the 
Cross. When the man at the front is 
giving "until the blood comes," no 
man at home can compare with him 
till he, too, gives "until the blood 
comes!" It is costly to be heroic, and 
many of us, alas ! are only tin soldiers ! 
Thousands of Christian young people 
are earning enough money not only 
to buy their clothes and to help the 
home folks, but to have a margin for 
many knicknacks and pleasures. Who 
will really sacrifice to give liberally to 
God? Who will go without dresses, like 




this missionary pastor's wife, in order 
to keep up the church and give it a 
home? What Christian Endeavor so- 
ciety will say: "Count on us for $50 
a year for the most needy home mis- 
sionary field," and raise the money by 
giving, for Christ's dear sake, "until 
the blood comes"? 

We ought to pray for such mis- 
sionary pioneers. The story of their 
labors is like a dash of Hebrews II in 
a modern Bible. Let us make men 
read it by rehearsing the story. All 
honor to the handful of people stand- 
ing by the work of God's Kingdom in 
a hard place. They are building good 
stuff into life's temple — it is like "gold 
and silver and precious stones." I 
covet the honor and blessing of doing 
likewise ! Do you ? Then there are 
some things we ought to do, now and 
always : 

1. We ought to pray for the work 
and the workers. 

2. We ought to give, "until the 
blood comes," in order that our Lord 
may be everywhere known and loved. 

3. We ought to know and tell the 
story of our pioneers on the outposts. 
Start that Mission study class to-day. 
You can. How? Enroll yourself! 

4. We ought to study the problems 
of Christian conquest so as to in- 
telligently co-operate in the great and 
vital plans of our denomination for 
extending Christ's Kingdom. Study 
the ample, inspiring literature our 
Missionary Societies issue. 

5. Every Christian ought to be a 
missionary enthusiast, burning with 
the fire that flamed in the heart of our 
Lord. To be "like Christ" is to be thus 
minded, and He summons us to stand 
by every herald of the cross, every 
campaign for extending the King- 
dom. We ought not to need to be 
coaxed or coddled or convinced. Let 
us follow Him ! 

Home Missionary Acrostic 


H means how it can be done. 

is what we owe, each one. 
M is what my part should be. 
E is every one should see 

How we all must work and plan, 
To help Home Missions all we can. 

M means money, who will say 

T will send a gift to-day? 

S is send it with a prayer. 

S is others' burdens share. 

1 is interest, keen and sure. 
O is offerings for the poor. 

N is now for needs are great. 

S is send e'er 'tis too late. 

For Home Missions everywhere 
Need our money and our prayer. 

The Most Popular Thing in Town 

By Grace C. White 

A COMPANY of girls sat on 
Piney Knoll picking over 
arbutus, and thoroughly en- 
joying their annual May-day excur- 

It was easy to be confidential out 
there, and Celia Thornton drew a 
sigh as she said, "It seems harder to 
do disagreeable things when the days 
are so glorious than it would if the 
weather was disagreeable too!" 

"What do you mean?" asked the 
others in amazement. "What do you 
have to do that you don't like?" 

"Just what everyone of you would 
dislike as much as I do, if you had it 
to do." 

"That isn't telling what it is," said 
Isabel, "and since you have roused our 
curiosity you ought to tell the rest." 

"Well, then, Mr. Wadleigh sent me 
a notification yesterday that I have 
been appointed one of the collectors 
for Missions ; and the first collection 
to be taken is for the C. H. M. S. 
Now, above all things I hate, it is 
going round asking people to give; 
besides, to be honest, I don't know 
what C. H. M. S. stands for." 

"It must be one of the six societies 
that Mr. Wadleigh spoke of Sunday" 
— said Esther. "You know he said a 
new plan had been adopted this year, 
and committees would be appointed to 
solicit for the different societies at 
specified times." 

"And I remember," chimed in 
another, "that he said the gifts to 
Missions were too small for the wealth 
of the church, and it was hoped that 
a house to house soliciting would 
bring better results." 

"Since 'misery loves company' — 
I'll confess that Mr. Wadleigh sent 
me one of those dubious notifica- 
tions," said Bertha. "I do know that 
C. H. M. S. stands for Congregational 
Home Missionary Society, but I don't 

know much more." This opened a 
spirited discussion, and it was plain 
that collecting was a very unpopular 
thing and Missions a bore. 

"It seems strange," said Ruth, "that 
Missions interest anybody very much, 
they are so entirely about people one 
would never expect to see or know, — 
but there is Aunt Sophie, — she gets 
so absorbed in reading the Missionary 
Magazines that I believe I could tell 
her the most interesting news and she 
wouldn't hear it at all. I used to think 
that Missions interested only elderly 
people, but she is young and popular." 

"Another thing about it," said 
Celia, "is that I have no time for it; 
if I attend to half the social things 
I'm planning for, there won't be time 
to hunt around here and there for a 
dollar for Missions. But when 
Mother hears about it, I am afraid 
she will insist on my doing this, and 
giving up some of the things I care so 
much for." "Oh dear," — she added, 
"I don't see how I can ask anybody to 
give to a society I know so little 

It was quiet Mary Morrison who 
was roused to combat their acknowl- 
edged leader. 

"Ignorance does not excuse any of 
us," she said warmly, "and there is no 
more reason for our not understand- 
ing what Home Missions means than 
there is for our not understanding 
what the church bell rings for on Sun- 
day morning! According to Mother, 
Missions are a great deal more im- 
portant to the church than the bell is, 
and ought to speak as loudly to our 
hearts as that does to our ears. Don't 
you see that by appointing you they 
did you the credit of supposing you 
were as intelligent on Missions as you 
are on other things?" She had said 
more than she meant to, but several 
who had been silent looked their ap- 





"I have a plan," said Ruth Edgerly, 
"Why not all go home by my house, 
and ask Aunt Sophie, who is one of 
the Missionary Committee, if she 
won't get some one else — and I al- 
most know she will." They went joy- 
fully ; — but it was not so easy to state 
their trouble as they had thought, for 
she was an enthusiast on Missions and 
they were rather ashamed of their 

Ruth announced to her Aunt Sophie 
that Celia and Bertha had a special 
errand to her. She suspected the 
reason, but waited for them to open 
the subject. 

Time slipped delightfully away, for 
Miss Maxwell knew how to entertain 
young people. She told them many 
incidents and bits of real life, and 
they could have listened the rest of the 
afternoon if Ruth had not asked Celia 
if she had changed her mind or for- 
gotten her errand. Neither Celia nor 
Bertha could find words, and their 
tell-tale blushes made Miss Maxwell 
say quickly, "We have not spoken of 
a special errand. What is it?" No 
one spoke, and Esther came to their 
relief. "It seems to us," she said, "as 
if the Missionary Committee had 
made some mistake ; for both Celia 
and Bertha are so busv with other 
things that we all came to see if you 
could not excuse them." 

The girls looked distinctly grate- 
ful. "Why!" said Miss Maxwell, 
"we thought of you as having more 
freedom of time than most of oui 
young people." "Are you quite sure 
we made a mistake?" 

"I don't know," said Celia apolo- 
getically, "but we could Und time to 
do it if that was all, but there's anoth- 
er thing harder than that, we don't 
like to collect, and Missions aren't 
very popular." "It is so disagreeable 
to ask people to give us something!" 
"Wouldn't it be all right to just send 
out a card to those we were to see, 
asking them to leave their contribu- 
tions at our homes?" 

Among the girls this suggestion 

was popular; but Miss Maxwells 
face showed surprise and amusement. 
"I remember when some, I think, all 
of you, have been here collecting — 
once, it was for food for a fagot party 
— once for quaint costumes for a ball, 
and once for fine old china for a Bos- 
ton Tea Party ! and more than once 
for money to carry out some cherished 
plans of your own ; but I cannot recall 
our ever receiving cards as you sug- 
gest. You have always done it very 
cheerfully, and your experience made 
us think you especially well fitted for 
the work." 

"I am afraid, girls, that it is not the 
collecting you dislike, but the object 
to collect for." 

"We never meant to let you know 
that was the real reason, but it is," 
said Celia in embarrassment. "Mis- 
sions seem so unpopular! and when 
the notice came yesterday, I actually 
didn't know what the capital letters 
stood for." 

"You are right," said Miss Max- 
well with a comprehending smile. 
"It would be adopting a disastrous 
policy to have for our Missionary Col- 
lectors those who are not interested in 
the cause, and disinclined to that par- 
ticular kind of work." With this she 
turned the subject and the girls sup- 
posing she had yielded to their wishes, 
felt relieved. 

Soon they were absorbed in looking 
at curios and listening to stories con- 
nected with them, and so deftly did 
she capture the opportunity before her 
that the incidents belonging to Mis- 
sionary life which she told so graph- 
ically seemed a marvelous unfolding 
of her own pathetic touch with life. 
They cried over the story of brave 
Tiria, and declared vehemently that 
never again would they shop in the 
last days before Christmas, when they 
heard of the lad who helped on a de- 
livery wagon, and being too tired the 
last night to go home, froze to death 
on the seat of the wagon in its shed ! 

Where do you find such wonderful 
experiences, and how do you know 
where to look for them?" they asked, 




very much shocked. 

"Isn't there something I can do for 
Tiria?" asked Celia with tearful eyes. 
"I want to help her right away." 

"Does she interest you so much?" 
asked Miss Maxwell. 

"Interest us?" chorused the girls. 
"We never heard such interesting 
things in all our lives." "The things 
we hear about or read about in the 
papers are so commonplace beside the 
things you know and see." 

Mary Morrison said what they all 
felt when she added, "It is living a life 
that's worth while to be in the heart 
of things the way Missionaries are." 

"I want to take back my 'errand' 
and ask you to forget it," said Celia 
eagerly, "for I would rather help get 
money for Missions and have a part 
in their work than do any other thing 
I know of. 

Miss Maxwell saw the faces made 
bright by awakened hearts, and said 

earnestly, "Girls! I think Missions 
should be 'the most popular thing in 
town.' ' : "And we'll help to make 
them so," was the quick response rich 
in promise. 

These are only glimpses of Mis- 
sionary life," said Miss Maxwell 
gently. "Our Foreign Missionaries 
found Tiria in Micronesia, and the 
boy is one of the pathetic things that 
came into the life of one of our Home 
Missionaries, while the story of the 
Mountain Sunday School is a bit from 
the experiences of an American Mis- 
sionary, and yet 'the half has never 
been told.' " 

It was Celia who spoke first. "I 
said I wasn't interested in Missions, 
but I am now, and the fault has been 
mine of not knowing before what they 
really are." 

"They are splendid!" said Bertha, 
"and I wonder I ever thought they 

Money-Raising and Educationel Missionary 


By Joseph E. McAfee, 
Associate Secretary Presbyterian Board of Home Missions 

THERE are two ways of getting 
money out of people : sand- bag- 
ging, and the other way. The 
fable of the contest between the wind 
and the sun is fresh in the memory. 
There are two ways of inducing 
people to buy goods. One is the way 
of the traditional book-agent who suc- 
ceeds in coming off with the money, 
but who leaves the customer gnashing 
his teeth in the chagrin of having -been 
taken in once more. The other way is 
to set up store and pass over the 
counter goods which people really 
want and are glad to pay their money 
for. There are two ways of exploit- 
ing a field. One is to plunge in and 
smash through, seizing everything 
within reach, sweeping the ground 
clean. The other way is to step with 
more care, plucking only the ripe fruit 

and leaving the immature for a later 
picking. Each method has its recom- 
mendations. The former is more 
properly effectual, is at least more 
summary; it brings the results and 
does not keep one waiting. The other 
is far less summary, but many con- 
sider it in the long run more effectual. 
There is, first, the campaign pro- 
perly so-called. It consists of con- 
certed and simultaneous arousements 
in a given centre or group of centres 
of missionary interest. For instance, 
one of our missionary Boards will 
marshall much of its best force (say) 
in the city of Cleveland for three days, 
or a week, or two weeks. During the 
given period, every church of that de- 
nomination will hear of little or noth- 
ing from morning till night and late 
into the night, except missions. There 




will be meetings of men and meetings 
of women and meetings of children, 
there will be conferences of leaders, 
and then mass meetings of everybody. 
To make such campaigning successful 
there must be a good representation 
of speakers who have a thrilling story 
to tell, sky-pilots (say) from mining 
and lumber camps, men and women 
who are the living embodiment of the 
romance of missions. For there is a 
great deal of romance in missions, 
genuine and heart-touching romance, 
as well as the pseudo-article which is 
occasionally thrust in with bad effect. 
There is enough genuine romance to 
meet the full demand without the 
manufacture of the false article. 
Then, any well-conducted campaign 
1 owadays aiming to be comprehensive 
includes at least the flashing of the 
great array of modern literature of 
missions before the attention of the 
people. Group conferences and ques- 
tion boxes give each inquirer a chance. 
There is no limit to the intensity which 
may develop in a campaign. And 
there is no limit to the variety of 
method to be employed in gaining that 
intensity. Campaigns ought to go 
with a whoop ; they are gotten up for 
whooping purposes. All the well- 
known arts of advertisement must be 
restorted to, or better still, those which 
are not well-known. We have bor- 
rowed the word campaign for our 
use more directly I suppose from the 
field of politics, though perhaps it 
comes originally from further back, 
from the military. With us the aim is 
analogous to that of the politician in 
his campaign. He wishes to create 
and arouse public sentiment. That is 
what we are after : we wish to arouse 
public sentiment for missions. The 
aim is to make people stop and think, 
to come out and listen, to be moved 
deeply, as deep, if it can be contrived, 
as their pockets. 

But does not this cheapen the enter- 
prise of missions ? Yes, it does; in the 
estimation of some people, just as 
campaign politics are cheapened in the 
estimation of some citizens, just^ as 
some forms of modern evangelism 

J. E. McAfee 

cheapen religion in the estimation oi 
some. Just how far missionary cam- 
paigns ought to be carried by cam- 
paign methods is the open question, 
and always will be the open question 
I suppose. It is possible to cheapen 
our cause to the limit of disgusting all 
sane and serious-minded people, and 
on the other hand, it is possible to run 
a campaign so pokily that it would fai 
better not be run at all. In any event, 
campaigns are meaningless, and 
worse, if they are not made to _ go 
they ought to fill the air with missions 
They are meant to heat things up rec 

In the second place, another methoc 
of general campaign nature now oi 
very broad acceptance, is that of in- 
ducing individual churches, and or- 
ganizations in churches, and individual 
persons, to focalize their missionar) 
interest in the support of particular 
persons or institutions on the missioi 
fields. Each up-to-date church musj 
have its missionary pastor or several 
of them. And the churches and peo- 
ple have taken to the plan with irri 




mense enthusiasm. They feel as a 
correspondent expressed it to me the 
other day, "We want flesh and blood ; 
give us some man or woman we can 
call our own." The pastor of the church 
to which I am to go next Sunday 
writes, "Come prepared to offer us a 
man or a woman for ourselves. That 
will give the cause a big lift among 
us." A good woman I was talking 
with the other day after coming to the 
relief of a particular sufferer, re- 
marked with a deep sigh of satisfac- 
tion, " My, how much nicer that is 
than supporting a cause." That is the 
way a lot of people feel. They an- 
nounce themselves tired of hearing of 
causes, and they spring with great 
heartiness to the relief of specific 
need and to hold up the hands of a 
particular worker, whom they know 
by name, from whom they can receive 
letters, though they may not always 
have the pleasure of meeting face to 
face. The method has developed a 
very remarkable vigor. It has in- 
creased the benefactions of some con- 
gregations hundreds percent. 

And, third, there is the method of 
campaigning which keeps everlasting- 
ly at it. It is the method of the only 
reallv successful political propaganda 
rowadays. The method is not likely 
to be flamboyant ; it cannot well afford 
to be. You cannot burn up all the 
fuel there is and do it all the time. In 
the long run you will get more heat 
by keeping the fire going steadily, at 
any rate the heat will stay more nearly 
where you want it and will keep the 
wheels of the engine moving more 


But to conclude — Every method 
will founder upon this one rock : up- 
on this cragged, jagged headland, any 
cne of our ships, however brilliantly 
bedecked, however stanchly hulled, 
however elaborately rigged, however 
fair be the skies under which it may 
be launched; upon this rock the. best 
of them will split wide-open and sink 
to the bottom ; this — an unconverted 

pastor. I mean of course a pastor un- 
converted to the missionary enterprise. 
Some pastors are converted in the 
conventional sense of the term, and 
yet are unregenerate where the mis- 
sionary enterprise is involved. The 
blocking capacity of the pastor is one 
of the marvels of our age. That one 
man should bulk so large would be 
beyond belief if it were not so ap- 
parent. There are amazingly few 
missionary churches not headed up by 
missionary pastors. Such combina- 
tions do not long remain combined. 
Either the pastor goes or the mission- 
ary interest does. I am not suggest- 
ing that the fact should be lamented. 
The condition is perhaps not our busi- 
ness. The condition is rather to be 
taken advantage of. And the mission- 
ary enterprise must be set forth in 
such fashion that a pastor who does 
bis whole duty by his whole church 
and all its enterprises can, in all 
wholesomeness and sanity, be the 
guiding force in the enterprise of 
missions. Missions is the enterprise 
of the Church of Christ to-day. But' 
the church is the agent of the enter- 
prise. If the enterprise is properly 
conducted it will contribute directly to 
the life of the church. That must not 
be held simply as a theory, but it must 
be demonstrated as a fact, as it can be 
readily. The surest way to push pas- 
tors and congregations is the persis- 
tent, everlastingly tactful, irrepres- 
sively buoyant, determinedly compel- 
ling, divinely sanctioned line upon line 
of the true educational method. 

This is the age of conventions. We 
are not losing confidence in them, but 
are rather multiplying them and con- 
trolling: them with finer effect. But 
all methods are only demonstrating 
the more clearly that the key to the 
situation in the missionary campaign 
business lies in reaching the individual 
church member in his home where he 
lives, and reaching: him all the time. 
Only then will it be profitable to get 
him into conventions some of the time. 

Appointments and Receipts 


April, 1907. 

Not in Commission last year. 

Anderson, Frank J., Missoula Mont. 
Bevan, Noah, Frostburg, Md. 
Blackbourn. C. G., Myers Falls, Wash. 
Dazey, J. C, West Guthrie, Okla. 
Deiss, Harry J., Fountain Springs, Pa. 
Fletcher, William, Milaca, Minn. 
Haggquist, Frank G., Cannon Falls, Minn. 
Jones, John B.. Sharon, Pa. 
Mason, John R., Shipshewana, Ind. 
Olson, Anton, Ekdall and Grantsburg, Wis. 
Pinkerton, H. M., Grand Marais, Minn. 
Pitzer, Harland II., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Scoggin. A. T., Cedartown, Ga. 
Shelland. J. C., D. D., Hopkins, Minn. 
Sibson, John J., Charleston, Pa. 
Streeter, Clavton M., Buena Vista, Colo. 
Teel, W. A. M., Washtucna, Wash. 
Williams, William T., Shamokin, Pa. 


Bartholomew, Noyes O., Denver, Colo. 
Bekeschus, Edward, Garden City, Kan. 
Berry, John E., Brainerd, Minn. 
Bird, Martin B., Julesburg, Colo. 
Blanchard, John L., Denver, Colo. 
Bobb, Joseph C, Fountain, Colo. 
Bodine, J. E., Hastings, Okla. 
Bormose, N. N., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bowron, Joseph, Steilacoom, Wash. 

Champlin, O. P., Tolna, No. Dak. 

Crawford, Otis D., Fairmount, Ind. 

Cunningham, Robert A., South Bend, Wash. 

Curtis, Norman R., Pueblo, Colo. 

Fletcher, John, Burke, Idaho, 

Gasque, Wallace, Atlanta, Ga. 

Haecker, M. C, Chickasha, Tnd Ter. 

Herrick, E. P., Matanzas, Cuba. 

Hodges, William R., Kremmling. Colo. 

Holloway, T. W., Newark, N. J., 

Hullinger, Frank W., Colorado Citv, Colo. 

Hyatt, Albert R., Okarche, Okla. ' 

Jones, W. C, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Kaitschuck, E. B., Brooklvn and Glendale, N. Y. 

Kendall, R. R., Sanford, Fla. 

Kershaw, John, Braddock, Pa. 

Locke, Robert L., Binger, Okla. 

Loud, Oliver B., Lawton, Okla. 

McKay, Charles G., Atlanta, Ga. 

Palm, William S., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Patterson, George L., Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Peyton, Frank, Pond Creek, Okla. 

Richards, William J., Egg Harbor, N. J., 

Salvado, J. Fortunv, Guanajay, Cuba. 

Shafer, Theodore, Trinidad. Colo. 

Singleton, J. H., Springdale. Wash. 

Skeels, Henry M., Denver, Colo. 

Someillan. H. B., Guanabacoa, Cuba. 

Thomas, Owen. South Sharon, Pa. 

Todd, G. L., Havana, Cuba. 


April, 1907. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE— $14,529.45; of which lega- 
cies, $13,739 72. 

W. H Miss. Soc, A. B. Cross, Treas., 758.17; 
Amherst, Estate of Mrs. Elizabeth S. White, 
13.264.72; Durham, Estate of T. H. Wiswall, 
475; Pittsfield, 17.60; Temple, Willing Workers 
Band, 5 ; West Lebanon, 8.96. 

VERMONT— $2,810.02; of which legacy, $2,- 

Castleton, 9; East Hardwick, 13.50; Vermont, 
C, 2; West Brattleboro, Rev. L. M. Keneston, 
10; White River Junction, Estate of R. C. A. 
Latham, 2,775.52. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $4,712.14; of which lega- 
cies, $4,270.28. 

Braintree, Miss A. T. Belcher, 15; Two 
Friends, 3; Dorchester, 2nd. 51.19; Interlaken, 
2.99; Leominster, F. A. Whitney, 15; Ludlow, 
Mrs. W. M. Avers, .50; Mattapoisett, 18: Mit- 
tineague, 28 ; Northampton, Estate of W. H. Har- 
ris, 50: "M. C," 20; North Brookfield, Estate 
" f W. H. Howe, 87.78; Rehoboth, 10; Salem, 
Tab., 21.44; South Boston, Phillips, 5; South 
Deerfield, 24.73: South Hadley Falls, "G.," 50; 
Springfield, Faith Miss. Circle, 5 ; South, 85.95 ; 
Tewksbury, 10; Watertown, Estate of Edward D., 
Kimball. 3,562.50; West Somerville, 26.06; Wil- 
liamsburg, Estate of Charles D. Waite, 500; 
Williamstown, Estate of Mary E. Woodbridge, 
70 ; Worcester, Union, 25 ; C. E. Hunt, 25. 

CONNECTICUT— $3, 178.50; of which legacy, 

Bridgeport, 2nd. 231.36; Canaan, Pilgrim S. S., 
20; Colchester Mrs. M. T. Linsley, .50; Con- 
necticut, A Friend. 100; Derby, 2nd, 19.48; 
Groton, S. S.. 6; Litchfield, Estate of Earl John- 
son, 50; Milford, 1st, 30.06; Plymouth, 26.84; 

New Haven, Center, Special, 2,042.46; Church 
of Christ, Yale University, 190; Miss S. L. Stone, 
10; Northfield, 3.85; Norwich, Park, Miss M. 
P. Huntington, 20 ; Salisbury, 37.73 ; Somerville, 
14; Terryville, 161.22. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. S. Thayer 
Treas., 120; Hartford. South Sew. Soc, 10; 
Meriden, 1st, Ladies' Soc, 10; Winsted, 2nd, 
Attx., 75. Total, $215. 

NEW YORK— $1,319.10. 

Brooklyn, Plymouth, 323.60 ; Puritan Ch., 
Woman's Guild, 4.30; "S. E. H.," 5: Burns 
Mills, Rurrville, 4; Franklin, 47.53; Hamilton, 
13; New York City, Camp Memorial S. S., 10; 
K„ 125; Northfield, 6.25; Phoenix, S. S., 5; Port 
Leyden, 1st, 14.50; Riverhead, 2nd Ave., 42.62; 
Spencerport, 1st, 4. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, 
Treas Binghamton, 1st, 50; Brooklyn, Tomp- 
kins Ave.. L. A. S., 33; Ch. of the Pilgrims, 75; 
Central Ch., Zenana Band, 250; Buffalo, Pilgrim, 
L. A. S., 10; Canandaigua, 48.30; Flushing, H. 
M. S., Special, 25 ; S. S., Special, 6.75 ; Moravia, 
Mrs. W. C. Tuthill. 80; New York City, Broad- 
way Tab., W. Soc, 29 ; Poughkeepsie, 25 ; Rut- 
land, W. A., 7.70; Ch., 11.55: Sherburne, 50; 
Syracuse, Good Will, 13. Total, $714.30. 

NEW JERSEY— $8i. 48. 

East Orange, Mrs. J. A. Hulshamper, 10; 
Perth Amboy, Swedish, '5 ; Plainfield, 66.48. 

PENNSYLVANIA— $188.29; of which legacy, 


Darlington, Miss R. Davis, 5; Kane, 1st, 120; 
LeRaysville. 7: Pittsburgh, Estate of Ellen P. 
Tones, 25; Philadelphia. Central. 16.29; Rev. E. 
F. Fales] 5 ; Ulysses, Mrs. A. L. Crum, 'o. 





Vv ximingtoa, E .Spruance, 10. 

VIRGINIA— $7.55. 
Herndon, 7.55. 


Try on, Church of Christ, 18. 
GEORGIA— $7.25. 

Atlanta, Central, 6; North Highland, .25; 
Seville, Williford and Kramer, Asbury Chapel, 1. 

ALABAMA— $21.0=:. 

Talladega, 18.05; Talladega College, Little 
Helpers, 3. 

FLORIDA— $31.36. 

Lake Helen, 1st, 31.36. 

TEXAS— $1.75. 
Pruitt, 1.75. 

OKLAHOMA— $16.05. 

Binger, 2.05 ; Hennessey, 14. 

Cubero, 20; Seboyeta, 3. 

OHIO— $414.68. 

Oberlin, 1st, S. S., 14.68; Mrs. P. L. Alcott, 
lNDIANA— $17.53. 

Bremen, 12.50; Fairmount, .53; Shipshewana, 

ILLINOIS— $102.12. 
Illinois Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. R. B. Guild, 

MISSOURI— $510.08. 

Eldon, 22.16; St. Joseph, 5; St. Louis, Olive 
Branch, 7.50; Springfield, German, 14.15. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. D. Rider, 
Treas. Aurora, 4 ; Bevier, 1 ; Cameron, 6 ; Carth- 
age, 7.50; Eldon, 5; Kansas City, Beacon Hill 
W. U., 2; 1st, C. E., 5; Brooklyn Ave., Branch, 
20; McGee St., Branch, 72.81; Ivanhoe, 3; Pros- 
pect Ave., 2; Roanoke, .50; S. W. Tabernacle, 
5; Westminster, 30; Kidder, 5; Maplewood, 9; 
Neosho, 6 ; New Cambria, 2 ; Old Orchard, 2 ; 
Pierce Citv, 2; St. Joseph, 12; St. Louis, Comp- 
ton Hill, 1; 1st Sen. L. M. S., 40; Fountain Park 
W. A., 20.45 ; Hyde Park, 6 ; Memorial, 3 ; Olive 
Branch, 1; Pilgrim, L. M. S., Sen. Dept., 75.72; 
Jr., 21.30; Sedalia, 2nd, 2; Springfield, 1st, 22; 
Pilgrim, 1.10; Webster Groves, 61.29; Willow 
Springs, 2.10; Windsor, 2.50. Total, $461.27. 

MICHIGAN— $14.44. 
St. Clair, S. S., 14-44- 

WISCONSIN— $29.73. 

Wisconsin Home Miss Soc, by Rev. H. W. 
Carter, 18.98: Ogdensburg, Bethany, Scand. Free 
Evang., 2^75 ; South Milwaukee, German, 5: 
Woods Lake and Doctors Lake, Swedes, 3. 

IOWA— $15.80. 

Des Moines, Pilgrim, 15.80. 

MINNESOTA— $1,137.60. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, 50.08; Ada. 
25; Faribault, 118.77; Glencoe, 19.86; Mankato, 
10; Minneapolis, Park Ave., 113.; Pilgrim, 39.40; 
Plymouth, 100; Rochester, 5; C. E., 25; St. 
Clair, Circuit, 4.50; St. Paul, Peoples, 20; Win- 
ona, 1st, Special, 100. Total, 630.61. 

Crookston, 1st, 13.37; Fertile, 23.50; Granada, 
25; Granite Falls, Union, 7; Groveland, 3.10; 
Lake City, 1st, 31.47; Mcintosh, Erskine and 
Mentor, 2.50; New York Mills, 1.50; Nymore, 
1st, 3.60. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. M. Bristoll, 
Treas. Ada, 5; Austin, 14-35 5 Benson, 5; S. S., 
1; Big Lake, 4; Cannon Falls, 2.50; Elk River, 
3 ; Faribault Aux., 20 ; Hawley, 1 ; Mantoville, 
7.50; Marshall, 10; Mazeppa, Aux., 2.50; Min- 
neapolis, 1st, Aux., 25; Plymouth, 50; Park Ave., 
39.97; C. E., 20; Como Ave., Aux., 25; Rob- 
binsville, Aux., 5 ; Lowry Hill, Aux., 5 ; Morris- 
town, Aux., 2.50; New Ulm, Aux., 1.65; North- 

field, Aux., 30; Paynesville, C. E., .62; S. S., 
1.36; St. Paul, Park, Aux., 38; Waseca, Aux., 
10; Winona, Aux., 55; Waterville, Aux., 2; Zum- 
brota, Aux., 9. Total, $395.95. 

KANSAS— $216.28. 

Kan. Home Miss. Soc, by H. C. Bowman, 
Treas., 206.28; Thayer, Carl Hess, 10. 

NEBRASKA— $21.78. 

Lincoln, German Salems, 6 ; Naper, Christ's, 
German, 4; Olive Branch, German, 5.68; Prince- 
ton, German, 6.10. 

NORTH DAKOTA— $117.53. 

Antelope, 5.65 ; Beach, 3 ; Buchanan, 9.85 ; 
Cleveland, Wirt Mem., 2.05; Colfax, 1.19; 
Dickinson, 1st, 7.25; Dwight, 7; Elbowoods, 8; 
Fargo, 1st, 7; Ft. Berthold, 2; Mooreton, 2.37. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. E. H. Stickney, 
Treas. Fargo, 1st, Ladies' Miss. Soc, 24.67; 
Garrison, 2.50; Glen Ullin, 10; Wahpeton, 25. 
Total, $62.17. 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $268.48. 

Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall. Mission Hill, 
12.58; Perkins, 5; Watertown, 50; C. E., 10; 
S. S., 4.15. Total, 81. 73- 

Custer, 11; Ipswich, Rosette Park, 5; Letcher 
and Loomis, 20.75. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. Loomis, 
Treas., 150. 

COLORADO— $48.35. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson. Denver, 2nd, 
5 ', 3rd, 3.75; Highland Lake, 9; Rye, 4.50. 
Total, $22.25. 

Collbran, 15; Greeley, German, 10; Highland 
Lake, 2 ; Wellington, 7.25. 

Less error in August, 1906, Windsor.... $56.50 
German 8.15 


MONTANA— $27. 

Received by Rev. W. S. Bell. Plains, 27. 

IDAHO— $111.14. 

Boise, 1st, 29.22; Council, 50; Pearl, 3; Priest 
River, 1st, 10. 

Woman's Miss. Union, by Mrs. G. W. Derr, 
Treasurer. Mountain Home, Aux., 8.92 ; Pocatel- 
lo, Aux., 10. Total, $18.92. 

OREGON— $44. 

Ashland, 7.50; lone, 5; Lexington, 5.50; 
Rainier, Crystal, 3 ; Willard, 3. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. F. Clapp, 
Treas. Portland, 1st, 20. 

WASHINGTON— $246.99. 

Received by Rev. H. B. Headley, Treas. Bel- 
lingham, 1st, 2; Dayton, 1st, S. S., 13; Port 
Gamble, C. E., 2; Spokane, Plymouth, 13-75 ; 
St. John, C. E., 12; Specials, 143.24. Total, 

Anglin, 6; Kirkland, 1st, 24: Lakeside and 
Chelan, 5.50: Loon Lake, 4.40; Seattle, ist, Ger- 
man, 7; Springdale, 4.75; 1st, 3; Tacoma, Alki, 
.35; Trent, 6. 

ALASKA— $5.25. 
Valdez, 5.25. 

April Receipts. 

Contributions $9,443.25 

Legacies 20. ,860.52 


Interest 32.62 

Home Missionary 113.65 

Literature 20.48 

Total $30,470.52 


P*>v. Toshiin Coit. Treasurer. Boston. 
Arlington, Park Ave., 30 ; Belmont, Plymouth, 




21.32; Boston, S. P. Cook, 15; Boylston, 46.33; 
South, Phillips, S. S., 14.17; Dorchester, Rom- 
sey, 6.30; iioxboro, 10; Boylston, West, 14.42; 
tsrackett Fund, Income of, 8a; Bradford, Mrs. 
L. II. Kendall, 5; Braintree, 1st, L. H. M. S., 
4; Brockton ; Campello, So., 26; Buckland, E. S., 
S; Cambridge, Pilgrim, 8.19; Concord, Trinity, 
27.05; Dover, 11.30; Everett, 1st, 26.62; Fall 
River, Central, 47 ; Fitchburg, Finn, 8.05 ; Fram- 
ingham, So. Grace, 51.45; Plymouth, 75.88; 
General Fund, Income of 296 ; Greenfield, 2nd, 
39.65; Great Barrington, Housatonic, 39.59; 
Groton, Union, 22.91 ; Miss E. P. Shumway, 
100; Hale Fund, Income of, 30; Lawrence, 
Estate Gilbert E. Hood, 677.37; Longmeadow, 
1st Benev. Ass., 7.05 ; Lowell, French, 25 ; Mans- 
field, Mendon Con., 10; Maynard, Finn, 1.50; 
Meo'-eld, 10, Medway, West, C. A. Adams, 5; 
Millis, 22.50; Milton, 1st, S. S., 3.29; Newbury, 
1st, 25.91; Newton, Eliot, 264.49; S. S., 25; 1st, 
73.60; No. Attleboro, Trinity, 10.01; Northbridge, 
E. C. Day Band, 13.17; Ocilcic, West Africa, 5; 
Orange, Central, 22.74; Pepperell, 27.05; Pitts- 
field, 2nd, 6;' Quincy, Finn, 3.90; Reed Fund, 
Income of, 84 ; Salem, Crombie St., 45 ; Spring- 
field, Hope, 120.68; Olivet, 20; Southboro, 11.51; 
Southville, 6; South Hadley, Center, 16.54; 
Stoneham, 23.50 ; Sutton, 7.92 ; Wall Fund, In- 
come of, 48; Waltham, 1st, 5; Estate Daniel 
French, 507.17; Wareham, 9.45; Ware, East, 
215.77; Watertown, Phillips, 101.85; Wellesley, 
155.69; Hills, 38; Westboro, Estate Harriet S. 
Cady, 5,500; West Springfield, 1st, 18; Wey- 
mouth. So., Old So, 5; So. Union, 20.74; Whit- 
comb Fund, Income of, 64; Whitin Fund, In- 
come of, 250 ; Whiting Fund, Income of, 25 ; for 
Annuity, 1,000; Whitman, 63.4S ; Williamsburg, 
Haydenville, 6.86; Williamstown, 1st, 190; Wor- 
cester, Finn, 5.45 ; Old So., S. S., 23.93 ; Pied- 
mont, 2; Plymouth, Worcester, 57.53; Designated 
for Easter School at Andover, W. C. for An- 
nuity, 1,000; Framingham, So. Grace, 15; Green- 
field, 2nd, S. S., 15; Ware, Lewis N. Gilbert, 15; 
Winchester, S. J. Elder, 15; Designated for It- 
alian work Winchester 1st, Mission Union, 10; 
Designated for Finnish Students, Middleboro, 
1st, 25; Designated for Rev. Mr. Long, Nogales, 
Ariz., 65.50; West Newbury, for J. D. Kingsbury, 
15; Designated for C. H. M. S., Newcastle, N. 
H., 4; East Providence, J. A. Moore, M. D., 5; 


Regular $11,947.88 

Designated for Easter School at An- 
dover 60.00 

Designated for Italian work 10.00 

Designated for Finnish Students 25.00 

Designated for C. H. M. S 89.50 

Home Missionary 4.30 

Total $12,136.68 


Receipts in April, 1907. 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer. 

Brooklyn, German, 5; Willoughby Ave. Chapel, 
17.48; Buffalo, Plymouth, 7; Clayville, Ch. & S. 
S., 15; Elmira, St. Luke's Ch., 9.60; Gloversville, 
18?. 56; Little Valley, 41; Lockport, Rev. G. A. 
Brock. 10; Napoli, 5.42; Norfolk, 4.25; Plain- 
field Center, J. M. B., 5; Rodman, 10; Savannah, 
9.70. Total, $322.01. 


Receipts in April, 1907. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 

Abington. 8 ; Ansonia, German, 5 ; Bridgeport, 
2nd, 86.76; Bristol, 1st, 18.26; Brobkfield Center, 
4560: East Hampton, 1st Charles W. Bevin, 
Personal, 6; East Hartford, South 10; East 
Hartland, 10; Easton, 10; Ellington, S. S., 25; 
Hartford, 1st, 145.26; Park, 52.88; Lisbon, 10.50; 
Litchfield, tst. 32. 12; Marlborough, 10; Meriden, 
1st, zoo; New Haven, Redeemer, for Italian work, 
25; Northfield, 3.86; Plantsville, 54.35: Riverton, 
12; Stamford and Greenwich, Swedish. 5.50; 
Terryville, 78.78; Waterbury, Bunker Hill. 5; 

West Avon, 3.29; West Hartland, 10; West 
Haven, 1st, 18.80; Woodbury, 1st, 26.43; W. C. 
H. M. U. of Conn, Mrs. George Follett, Secre- 
tary, Berlin Aid Society, H. M. U., Special, 35 , 
Plantsville, L. A. S., Special, 10; Meriden, 1st, 
Cheerful Givers, Special, 30. Total, $1,293.39. 


Receipts in April, 1907. 

Rev. C. H. Small, Treasurer. 

Ashtabula, Second, 23.07 ; Barberton, 3.30 ; 
Cleveland, Cyril, 5 ; Hough, S. S., 9.42 ; High- 
land, Personal, 2; Immanuel, 12; First, 31.15; 
Madison Ave., 8.60: Columbus, North, Rev. G. T. 
Nichols, 5; Cuyahoga Falls, S. S., 10; East 
Cleveland, 10; Greenwich, 8. 33; S. S., 2.60; 
Mansfield, Mayflower, 15; Rev. LeRoy Roycy, 1; 
Secretary, Pulpit Supply, 20 ; West Millgrove, 
7.90; Youngstown, Plymouth, Jr. C. E., 5. 
Total, $179-37- 


Reported at the National Office in April, 1907. 

Brooklyn, N. Y., Central, Ladies' H. M. and 
Benev. Soc, seven bbls. and two pkgs., 807.59; 
Buffalo, N. Y., Ch., 75; Hartford, Conn., 1st, W. 
H. M. S., bbl., 60.41; South Ch., bbl., 151.25; 
Farmington Ave., W. H. M. S., boxes, 390.95 ; 
Lancaster, N. H., Ladies' Miss. Circle, box, 14.- 
05; Montclair, N. J., 1st, W. H. M. S., two boxes 
and bbl., 101.23; New Britain, Conn., 1st, W. H. 
M. S., box 172.35; New Haven, Conn., Dwight 
Place Ladies' Benev. Soc, four bbls. and pkge., 
307.50; Northampton, Mass., 1st, Ch., Dorcas 
Soc, box, 50; St. Louis, Mo., Pilgrim Ch., W. 
II. M. Dept. and Pilgrim Circle of King's Daugh- 
ters, two and one-half bbls., 225.35 ! Scarsdale, 
N. Y., Ladies' Aid Soc, bbl., 75 ; Southport, 
Conn., Ladies' Miss. Soc, box, Washington, D. 
C, 1st, three bbls., 136.97; West Hartford, Conn., 
bbl., 94.81 ; Winsted, Conn., 1st, Ch., box. 150. 
Total, $2,812.46. 

Reported at Rooms of the W. H. M. A., Boston, 
from Jan. 1st, 1907, to May 1st, 1907. 

Miss Mary C. E. Jackson, Secretary. 

Allston, Aux., 'box, 59.10; Amherst, 1st Congl. 
Ch. Circle W. 20th Cen. Club, pkg., 20; 
Andover, So. Ch. Sew. Dept., 2 bbls., 102.59; 
Ashby Aux., box, 54.50 ; Auburndale, Aux. 
bbl., 1S8.13; Bedford Aux., bbl., 63.80; 
Boston, Old South Sewing Circle, 4 bbls., 637.56; 
Boston, Park St. Aux., bbl., 200; Bradford, H. 
M. Soc, bbl., 63; Boston, Friend, 100; Bradford, 
IT. M. Soc, bbl., 62; Bristol, R. I., Aux., bbl., 
66.30; Brookfield, North, 1st, Ch. W. U., bbl., 
49.57; Brookfield, West, Aux., bbl.. 60.47; Cam- 
bridge, 1st, Ch Aux., bbl., 95; Dalton, L. S. 
Soc, 2 bbls.. 126.64; Everett, 1st, Ch. Aux., bbl., 
42.96; Fitchburg, Rollstone Ch. Aux., bbl., 41.80; 
Florence Aux., bbl., 88 05 :Granby Aux., bbl., 62; 
Groton, L. B. S., 50; Lawrence, Trinity Ch., 
Young Girls' Soc. Xmas box., 35; Lee B. S. 
box, 164.26; Leicester Aux., 2 boxes, 127.70; 
Lowell Eliot Ch. Aux., bbl., 35; Maiden, 1st Ch., 
bbl., 78.82; Melrose Highlands, Aux., bbl., 103.69; 
Middleboro, Central Ch. Aux., bbl.. 60; Newbury, 
1st Parish Ch. Aux., bbl., 94-25; Newport. R. I., 
United Congl. Ch., W. A. box, 155: Newton 
Centre, 1st. Ch.. bbls., 134; Newton, Eliot Ch., 
bbls., ;i = ; Northfield, Trin. Ch., L. S., bbl., 30; 
Oxford, 'Aux., bbl., 50; Pawtucket, R. I., 1st, 
Ch., box, 200: Pepperell, L. B. S., bbl., 89; 
Pittsfield, 1st. Ch. Free Will Soc, boxes, 212.91; 
Providence, R. I.. Central Ch.. Aux., box, 385.71 ; 
Providence, R. L, Union Ch., boxes, 650.25 : 
Salem, Tabernacle Ch. Benev. Soc, 4 bbls and 
box, 300; Somerville, 1st Orthodox Congl. Ch., 
Aux., box, 32; Somerville, Winter Hill Ch. Aux., 
bbl.,76.75; Spencer. Aux., box. 127.56: Sterling, 
Aux., bbl., 22.90; Watertown, Phillips Ch. Aux., 
228.14; Whitman, Aux., 2 bbls., 166.78; Whitins- 
ville, Aux., box. 155.84; Winchester. Mission 
T T nion Aux.. bbl. & box, is}. 25; Worcester, 
Piedmont Ch. Aux., bbl.. 50; Worcester, Pilgrim 
Ch. Aux., 2 bbls., 80. Total, $6,747.28. 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 


I H. CLARK $ORD. Vice-President 


General Secretary Associate Secretary 

[INGTON CHOATE. D.I'D. Treasurer 










W. E. BARTON-^p.n. 





.New Hampshire 

. . . . Vermont 

. . . Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 


■ . New York 


... Iowa 











. . . . Wiscanaia 



. . . Nan Yerk 
.... Minnesota 
. Massachusetts 
. . .Washington 
. . . . New York 
.So. California 


One Year 


Two Years 

Field W. G. PUDDEFOOT; South Framlngham, Maw. 


Morltz E. Eversz, D.D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Chicago, 
Rev. F. Risberg, Supt. of Swedish Work 8i Ashland Boulevard Chic 

Dano-Norwegian Work 
Ohas. H. Small, Slavic D e P artment > Cleveland, 

, Indiar 

-'. J. Powell ..Fargo, N. Dak. 

EL Sanderson 

Kingsbury, D.D (New Mexico, Arizona. 

Utah and Idaho; 
Rev. Chas. A. Jones, 75 Essex St., Haekensaek. N. J 

Oklahoma City. 
Geo. L. Todd, D.D ,.=Havana, Cuba. 

. . .Cheyenne, Wyo. 

ank E. ■Jenkins, D.D., The South ...Atlanta, Ga. 

, H. Thrall, D.D.. Huron, S. Dak.' 

iv. Charlea Harbutt, Secretary . . . Maine Misalonary Society. ....................... ,34 Dow St., . Portland, Me 

. P. Hubbard, Treasurer.. '• ...... ...Box 1052, Bangor, Me 

iv. A. T. Hlllman, Secretary New Hampshire Home Missionary Society .Concord, N. H 

vln B. Cross, Treasurer " *' " ........ .Concord, N. H 

iaa. H. Merrill, D.D., Secretary .. Vermont Domestic " '• .......St. Johnsbury, Vt 

T. Richie, Treasurer " ...... St. Johnsbury, Vt 

E. Enirich, D.D., Secretary. ... Massacbusetta Home ...609 Conjr'l House, Boston, Mass 

sv. Joshua Colt, Treasurer. •• ....609 Cong'l House, Boston. Mass 

:v. J. H. Lyon, Secretary ..Rhode Island ..Central Falls. R. 1 

i. Wm. Rice, Treasurer ....... Providence, R.I 

sv. Joel S. Ives, Secretary Missionary Society of Connecticut. Hartford, Conn 

ard W. Jacobs, Treasurer '• " Asrtford, Conn. 

sv. C. W. Shelton. Secretary .... New York Home Missionary Society Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 

ayton S. Fitch, Treasurer " " " " ......Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 

jt. Charles H. Small. Secretary.. Ohio " '* " Cleveland, Ohio 

!T. Charles H. Small, Treasurer. . " •• ........ .. Cleveland, Ohio 

»v. Roy B. Guild, Secretary. Illinois " " 153 La Salle St., Chicago 

hn W. niff. Treasurer •• < r,3 La Salle St., Chicago 

smer W. Carter, D.D., Secretary . Wisconsin " • Belolt, Wis. 

M. Blackman, Treasurer. " ..Whitewater, Wis. 

O. Douglass. D.D.. Secretary ... Iowa - . . . . Grlnnell, Iowa 

Iss A. D. Merrill, Treasurer... ,,Des Moines, Iowa 

bv. J. W. Sutherland, Secretary .. Michigan . ....Lansing, Mich. 

sv. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer. " " ...... ..Lansing, Mich. 

bv. Henry E. Thayer, Secretary. . Kansas Congregational Home Missionary ....Topeka, Kan. 

. C. Bowman, Treasurer... " " " " .....Topeka, Kaa. 

bt. S. I. Hanford, Secretary Nebraska Home Missionary Society .....Lincoln, Neb. 

bv. Lewis Gregory, Treasurer. ... " ".......... ..... .Lincoln, Neb. 

bv. Jchn L. Maile, Secretary.... ; Missionary Society...,. ..Los Angeles, ■ Oal. 

bt. 2. K. Harrison, Secretary .... North California Home Missionary Society. 


W. Congregational City Missionary Society 

Rev. Philip W. Yarrow, Supt.. ,„ 

Lewis E. Snow, Treasurei ,, „ 

San Francisco, Cal. 

, . .St. Louie, Mo. 

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montib* after my decease, to any person -who, when the same is payable, ahall act as 

Treaeteer «£ the Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed la the City of N«w York, la the 

jrea* etgateen hundred and twenty-six, to be applied <t® the c&aritable use cad purposes of *&1A 

•oeloty.aud under Its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS— The paymeat ot fifty Dollars at oae tine «oaatltat«3 m. 
Heaereury Life Member. 


ft I P^ 



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half play wherv all the 
hard dirty worjk front 
s'mk cleaning to brass 
poIisKii\§ isdpne WitK 
a bow lof wafer, a soft 



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fThe Censorship of the Church of Rome & 

And Its Influence upon the Production and Distribution of Literature 7T 

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Are Sold Direct From the Factory, and in No Other Way 

You Save from $ 75 to $ 200 

When you buy a Wing Piano, you buy at wholesale. 
You pay the actual cost of making it with only our whole- 
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retail profit on a piano is fijom $75 to $200. Isn't this worth 



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We will place a Wing Piano in any home in *!ie United 
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days' trial in your home, we take it back entirely at our ex- 
pense. You pay us nothing, and are under no more obliga- 
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factory. There can be absolutely no risk or expense to you. 

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and sold in the same way as Wing Pianos, Separate or- 
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■ :h 

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dreds of illustrations, all devoted to piano construction. Its yy £ 
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will be sent to you promptly by mail. 



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-37th YEAR 1905 

Send a Postal To-day while you think of 
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Has many good things in store for its readers, 
among them a second article from Miss Reynolds 
upon conditions in Italy as they affect the immigration 
problem in the United States. 

The September number is devoted to 


The October number will deal with 


and his needs. 

The November number will report 


to be held at Cleveland, Ohio, October 15th and 16th — 
the first Annual Meeting under the New Constitu- 
tion, and marking several new departures in 
Home Missionary administration. 


liUl> 1 LIN 1 o 

A For SEPTEMBER, 1907. -k 


Illustrated Frank E. Jenkins 

... 117 


George Eaves 

. . . 119 


... 123 

The South 

Willis E. Lougee, Associate Secretary 

The Treasury 

The Division Proposed 


General Missionary for Wyoming 

New Secretary for New Hampshire 

The Fall Campaign 




. .. 127 


... 132 


.. 135 


. 139 


A Plan for Better Team Work, Margaret L. Knapp 

... 143 





Published Monthly, except in July and August, by the 

Congregational Home Missionary Society » 


M 14 





NO. 4 

From the Southern Superintendent's 

Watch- Tower 

By Frank E. Jenkins, D. D., Atlanta 

WHOEVER was at either 
Southern Congregational 
Congress — at Atlanta or 
Dallas — believes thoroughly that Con- 
gregationalism has a place in the 
South. Intellectual vigor and spirit- 
ual ideals were there. Visions and 
hopefulness were there. We clearly 
saw the South of the future filled with 
Congregational Churches and ideals. 
We saw Congregationalism in its his- 
torical place of intellectual and spirit- 
ual leadership. 

The Southern Superintendent after 
over twenty years of contact with the 
South sees these things without a cloud 
of misgiving. He looks out from his 
watch-tower over eleven states, com- 
paratively poor now in developed re- 
sources and the institutions of pro- 
gressive society, but rapidly develop- 
ing and with undeveloped resources 
and conditions that will make them 
eventually the richest portion of 
America. Georgia — peaches, water- 
melons, marble, gold, cotton ; Alabama 
— fruit, coal, iron, cotton; Florida — 
cotton, early vegetables, oranges, 
grape-fruit, climate ; Louisiana — oil, 
rice, lumber, cotton ; Texas — every- 
thing! Mississippi, Kentucky, Ten- 
nessee, the Carolinas — vast visions 
turning into wonderful wealth. Shall 

a false conception of what the South 
is and is to be prevent Congregation- 
alism laying hold of all this with its 
ideas and institutions? May God for- 

A half-hundred vigorous young 
cities are waiting for us in Texas. 
The new regions of Northern and 
Western Texas are filling with peo- 
ple flowing in on steady streams of 
long trains — often five sections to a 
train. They spread over the plains; 
cities and villages spring up like 
magic. They need an intelligent gos- 

I can see from my watch-tower the 
rice, oil and lumber fields of Louis- 
iana. I can hear the cry of the Creole 
— thousands upon thousands of them 
ripe for evangelization. The Indian's 
voice mingles with his. I can see the 
young Louisiana Band from Atlanta 
Theological Seminary bending to the 
ripened fields of Calcasien Parish — a 
county larger than Connecticut! 
Their eyes look beyond and their in- 
creasing numbers will plant as did the 
Iowa Band. 

I hear the murmur of soft Southern 
voices in the hundred churches scat- 
tered over Alabama and seventy-five 
scattered over Georgia. They are 
seeing visions and dreaming dreams. 




They have found a free church and a 
free gospel ; they have found eccle- 
siastical democracy in government and 
thought; and they are glad! From 
Western and Northern Florida I hear 
the same, while round about Tampa 
Bay and down the Atlantic Coast and 
about the interior lakes, I hear 
the voices of preachers and laymen 
with the Northern accent every one 
shouting for God and Native land — 
and Dixie! 

Yonder to the East stands a man 
of South Carolina, just above him a 
man of North Carolina, to the North 
a man of Tennessee and beyond him 
a man of Kentucky, and every one 
beckons and beseeches "Come over 
and help us." And hark! There 
across Alabama stands a man of Mis- 
sissippi, and he shouts as he has been 
doing for twenty years, "Come" ; and 
we are going! 

The Southern work is now 

thoroughly organized. We can do all 
the churches will let us do. No need 
and no opportunity can remain un- 
known with this organization. No 
need will remain unsupplied and 
no door of opportunity unentered 
except as the churches shall cry 

O, ye Congregationalist of the East 
who did so much for the West ; O, ye 
Congregationalist of the West who 
received so much from the East ; O, ye 
men of wealth with your consecrated 
abundance ; O, ye people of spiritual 
wealth with your consecrated mites, 
cents, dimes and hard-earned dollars ; 
say to us at the front in the South: 
"Forward, march ! Make these visions 
realities. Give to the world and to 
the Kingdom of God a Congregation- 
al South that shall stand for all the 
ideals, principles and truths of our 
free churches. We are behind you ; 
your work is ours." 


Texas As A Congregational 
Mission Field 

By Rev. George Eaves, 
Pastor Central Congregational Church, Dallas, Texas 

THERE ARE four so-called 
arguments against the ex- 
penditure of Congregational 
energy in the South, and especially 
in Texas. I propose to set them in 
the light that we may know their 
shape and value. 

i. The Climate. Texas is sup- 
posed to be the hottest place on earth, 
excepting only the volcanoes, where 
nether fires upbursting have furnished 
lurid parables. When I came to 
Texas four years ago, I was warned 
that I was on the way to a grisly 
graduation, Texas being only the con- 
fines of Gehenna! Such unholy hu- 
mor has so long scintillated around 
the name Texas, that even New 
Yorkers hnagine that our summers 
are insupportable! Men and wom- 
en who have been prostrated in the 
fierce heats of Chicago have staggered 
to the train and come down to Dallas 
to find gentle breezes blowing and to 
rest in cool groves where "the mock- 
ing bird makes music all the day." 
But the ignorant crowd continues to 
swelter and faint in burning streets, 
pitying us who have to endure such 
tortures from June to August or 
September — in theory. 

Hence that intelligent, widely read- 
ing class of men, the Congregational 
ministers of America, have imbibed a 
totally false conception of the Texas 
climate. They have been unwilling to 
expose themselves to the burning 
Southern sun, while, as a matter of 
fact, the climate of central Texas is 
beautiful and attractive and healthful. 
Being so far south, Texas is supposed 
to be "tropical," and the theoretically 
learned scan the map and wipe the 

beads of sweat from their contempla- 
tive brows. But Texas is fanned, day 
and night, by a breeze which re- 
freshes the inhabitants all the way 
from Galveston to Texline. Look at 
the thermometer! Its average max- 
imum in the summer months is less 
than that of New York. But the 
readings of the thermometers do not 
quite do justice to the facts, for the 
breeze fans the body and reduces its 
heat, far more than it reduces the 
reading of the mercury in a glass 

When I think of our churches in 
Texas begging for pastors and of 
Congregational ministers shrinking 
from Texas because of the heat, I am 
ashamed. When gentlemen tourists 
from the North wag their tongues 
about heat in Texas, while every 
paper in July and August tells of 
"heat waves" reaching westward to 
Minnesota from the coast, I learn 
anew the force of imagination. And 
when residents look mournfully at 
the thermometer, I beg them to open 
the doors and windows to the Gulf 
Breeze and thank God they are in 
Texas. The Encyclopedia tells you, ' 
"If it were not for the Gulf Breeze 
the heat would be insupportable." 
But we have the breeze, and there is 
no danger of its failing! It is an in- 
stitution of Nature, and will not 
change till the Gulf Stream also 
switches its current. Multitudes of 
the less conservative people, such as 
farmers, are thronging to Texas, hav- 
ing learned that they can live here 
and prosper. How long shall we 
have to wait for Congregational 
ministers? Coming hither, all we 




need to do for health's sake is to put 
in practice the Gospel of the clause. 
"In the sweat of thy brow thou shalt 
eat bread." 

2. The second argument against 
Texas as a Congregational field, is 

that we are supposed to be 
"Yankee abolitionists." In reply I 
would say that there are many quaint 
and curious things in archeology, 
which do not need to haunt our 
dreams or dodge our waking foot- 



«";:• »lff ■""■. '**»,. 


steps. Wise people have decided to 
cease nagging over the Nation's 
graves. It is true that a species of 
priggish dogmatism could come to 
Texas and wave its theories of race 
brotherhood in the face of common 
sense and Christian patience, only to 
make them hide in shame. For all I 
know there may be men in the North 
who could not spend five minutes in 
Texas without expressing their im- 
mature judgment on the race problem. 
But if there is "any comfort of love, 
if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any 
tender mercies and compassions," 
there is also a sweet reasonableness 
and humility. Are we to suppose 
that the children of the Pilgrims can- 
not quietly adjust themselves to new 
surroundings, learn the facts, and as- 
sist other Christians in the ethical in- 
terpretation of Christianity? Or are 
we at last gone daft with a quite un- 
ethical conceit, rigid and blind with 
our traditionalism? Is our pride of 
theory to be our only answer to the 
South's pride of blood? Not so, when 
God is bidding Americans ming 1 e and 
love, mingle and think, mingle and 
understand ! 

But the mingling has gone so far 
that the theorists are already dispers- 

ing by evaporation. Prejudice counts 
daily for less and less. The ports of 
immigration and commercial advance 
and intellectual unity all tell against 
prejudice ; and sectionalism is buried 
deep beneath the waters of the gulf. 
"Full fathoms five, thy father lies." 
3. The third argument against 
Congregational enterprise in Texas is 
that the State is pre-empted by 
other denominations. It is true 
that the Lone Star State is a very 
religious commonwealth. Vast sums 
of money are annually raised by all 
the denominations — Methodists, Bap- 
tists, Disciples, Presbyterians and Epis- 
copalians. Not only in great evangel- 
istic and church building enterprises, 
but in educational work, these people 
are proving themselves wide-awake 
and self-sacrificing. Works of mercy, 
such as hospitals and homes of refuge 
and orphanages adorn the doctrine 
they preach and the regions in which 
they preach it. In comparison with 
the thousands of Methodists or Bap- 
tists, we are a feeble flock, and have 
our houses among the rocks, where 
it is hard to raise cotton or sorghum. 
The Disciples, and even the Presby- 
terians, are able to walk clear around 
us in our slow and painful advance. 
Does all this mean that we have no 
mission here? Let it be proudly, but 
gratefully recorded, that few as we 
are, our history in Texas is written on 
almost every church in the State. We 
have brought thousands to Christ in 
our Sunday schools, by our evang- 
elism, in Bible teaching and in jail 
visitation, whose enthusiasm has been 
turned to the service of every other 
denomination. In one little church a 
noble woman has for years conducted 
a workers' training school, called an 
Endeavor Society, from which the 
very best workers in all the churches 
of that town have graduated. The 
phenomenal Bible teaching by Dr. 
Scofield, has permeated the entire 
state. In many a town, being dead, 
yet we speak, and we have a better 
resurrection already in other lives 
than ours. What if we are not able to 




tabulate such results? 

Nor is that all : from Congrega- 
tionalism the one way of Christian 
fellowship can be learned. The in- 
fluence of Congregationalism amel- 
iorates sectarian pride and allays 
sectarian jealousies. It is ours to 
hold and teach that the Church is not 
an end, but a means to an end. The 
end is the gathering of all the chil- 
dren of God ; and providentially we 
are being thrust into the forefront in 
this holy enterprise. We have the 
fellowship of liberty. I know how 
easily union with the Methodist 
Protestants can be achieved here, and 
not with them alone. 

What if we lose our name? We 
cannot forego or surrender the liberty 
of the children of God. But, for the 
sake ot fhe liberty, we with our name 
and our method are surely needed in 
Texas. In the assay furnace of the 
twentieth century Congregationalism 
is acting as a flux, and the churches 
are feeling it and flowing together. 
The result will be to the glory of 
Christ, but only if it come through 
love and sacrifice. Hence we are 
bidden plunge into the fires of God. 
Whether thev know it or not, five 

large Texas cities need us, that we 
may lead them to the Federation that 
is not far ahead. Aye, and beyond 

"On to the bound of the waste, 
On to the City of God." 
4. The fourth and last argument 
is that Congregationalism has lost its 
faith, and hence is unfit to move on 
Texas or the South. Let those who 
will believe the "accuser of the 
brethren." Alas, for every bit of 
evidence that the Lord Jesus is de- 
throned in any heart, His blood 
spurned by any thoughtful mind, His 
saving power belittled by any bearing 
His name! If it is in the least true 
that Congregationalism in America is 
getting away from God, let us return 
with compunction and confession. 
Yet let us not mistake the eddies 
along the bank for the main current 
of our denominational life and 
thought. Neither Texas nor any 
other place wants hesitating or 
uncertain tones from the gospel 
trumpet. But if any man has the 
vision of God, freedom of soul, and 
the gift of the Holy Ghost, Texas 
will welcome him, tho' he be a Con- 



Editor's Outlook 

TO OUR Southern work belongs 
the right of way this month. 
We bespeak for Dr. Jenkins 
and his ardent co-workers the warm- 
est sympathy of our churches east and 
west. There can be no mistaking the 
cry of these men. It is a protest 
against faint-heartedness, against luke- 
warmness, against prejudice and 
doubt. It is a strong appeal for con- 
fidence and co-operation, based upon 
undoubted facts which establish be- 
yond all question, both the sore need 
and certain promise of Home Mis- 
sionary endeavor in the Southland. 

Home Missions in the South began 
with the very beginning of the So- 
ciety. Indeed, more than ten years 
before that date, Samuel J. Mills of 
Haystack fame, and Salmon Giddings 
had found their way down the Mis- 
sissippi to the Gulf of Mexico on 
Home Missionary errands. At the 
beginning of the Civil War decade 
Southern missionaries of this Society 
numbered seventy. The war reduced 
this force to zero. To-day they num- 
ber ninety-one, and a more zealous 
band of missionary workers are not to 
be found on this continent. Read the 
story as told by a few of these men, 
catch the spirit of the workers, fore- 
cast the future with a reasonable 
measure of faith, — and we are much 
mistaken if the New South of to-day 
will not prove its title clear to a place 
in the front rank of Twentieth Cen- 
tury Home Missionary enterprises. 

Willis E. Lougee==Associate 


Readers of the April Home Mis- 
sionary will recall the portrait of Mr. 
Lougee and his vigorous article on 
''Effective Methods of Money Rais- 
ing." Mr. Lougee is now by unani- 
mous election of the Executive Com- 
mittee, the Associate Secretary of 
this Society. He entered upon his 

work August I, and is now on a mis- 
sionary tour in the West. 

Mr. Lougee is well-known among 
all the churches as a successful solic- 
itor of funds for missionary purposes. 
In January, 1885, he accepted a posi- 
tion as Secretary of the International 
Committee of the Y. M. C. A., with 
special relation to its finances. In 
this position he has carried on his 
shoulders the burden of raising each 
year a large part of the committee's 
budget, bringing to the work his 
ability as a business man, and the 
fervor and devotion of a Christian 
disciple. Directly and indirectly, he 
has secured eifts for the Association 
amounting to more than one-half mil- 
lion dollars. This he has done chiefly 
by personal effort, and with remark- 
able tact. 

The Society feels itself fortunate to 
have secured his services for its own 
pressing financial needs. He is one 
of the few men that have a natural 
gift for this work, a gift which he has 
cultivated and consecrated for the 
welfare of the Kingdom. He has now 
reached middle life, but will always 
be regarded as a young man, and will, 
we believe, meet with a warm wel- 
come from our Congregational 
Churches the country over. We 
heartily commend him to the friends 
of Home Missions in every part of 
the land. 

TRe Treasury 

The statement which we print be- 
low shows the receipts from living 
givers for the month of July, 1907, as 
compared with July, 1906. This is the 
latest completed month of the current 
fiscal year, at the time this magazine 
goes to press. 

Following this statement is a sum- 
mary of the receipts for the four 
completed months of this fiscal year, 
shown in comparison with the receipts 
from the living during the same 




period of the preceding year. 

While these comparative statements 
do not show advance over the figures 
of 1906, there is reason for large 
satisfaction in the fact that no ad- 
ditional loan has been necessary dur- 
ing the "dry season" of the first four 
months of the Society's year. 

On the other hand, it has been pos- 
sible to pay off $10,000 of the bank 

obligations, besides making prompt 
payment of the maturing pledges to 
the missionary workers. 

As the season of renewed activity 
in the churches comes on with 
autumn, it is our belief that the 
awakening interest in the great Home 
Mission cause will show itself in the 
increase of gifts from the living and 
praying members of our churches. 




Sunday Women's Indi- State 

Churches School C. E. Societies viduals Societies 





337.89 I 371447 
317-75 I 2,135-50 












TKe Division Proposed 

The readers of The Home Mis- 
sionary and the givers to the great 
nation wide work of Home Missions 
will be interested in the plan of di- 
vision of the gifts for this work as in- 
dicated in the following table. 

The Board of Directors of The 

To the State Society. 

Congregational Home Missionary 
Society, at their meeting January, 
1907, in conference with the officials 
of the several Constituent State So- 
cieties, fixed upon the following per- 
centages of division of the receipts 
from living givers between the Na- 
tional Society and the fifteen Constit- 
uent State Societies: 

To the National 

Maine Ninety per cent. 

N. H Fifty per cent. 

Vt Sixty-seven per cent. 

Mass Sixty per cent. 

R. I Eighty per cent. 

Conn Forty per cent. 

N. Y Ninety per cent. 

Ohio Eighty-seven per cent. 

Mich Eighty-five per cent. 

Illinois Eighty per cent. 

Iowa Eighty per cent. 

Wisconsin Ninety per cent. 

Kansas Ninety-five per cent. 

Nebraska Ninety-five per cent. 

So. Cal Ninety-seven per cent. 

In accordance with the above ar- 
rangement, all gifts, not specifically 

Amt. above which 
all goes to the 
Nat'l Society. 

Ten per cent $ 20,000 

Fifty per cent I5, 000 

Ninety-three per cent 9,5°° 

Forty per cent 102,000 

Twenty per cent 5, 000 

Sixty per cent 45, 000 

Ten per cent 30,000 

Thirteen per cent 11,000 

Fifteen per cent. 20,000 

Twenty per cent 18,500 

Twenty per cent 22,000 

Ten per cent 18,000 

Five per cent 8,500 

Five per cent 10,000 

Three per cent 15-00° 

designated, received by either the 
National Society or the several State 




Societies will be divided on the basis 
of the percentage agreed upon for 
each State. 

From this statement it will be seen 
that it is a matter of indifference 
whether a gift be sent to the Treasury 
of a Constituent State, or to that of 
The Congregational Home Mis- 
sionary Society. 

A General Missionary For 

Superintendent Gray's visit to Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, in the month of 
May, and his story of the needs of 
Wyoming, stirred the First Church of 
that town to a generous effort to as- 
sume support of a General Missionary 
for that state. Mr. Gray reports hav- 
ing found the man in the person of 
Rev. T. S. Winey, a recent student at 
Chicago Theological Seminary. He is 
about to be confirmed by the Ex- 
ecutive Committee for this important 
position, and he is already upon the 
field, in charge of the church at 
Shoshoni, until a permanent minister 
can be found for that work. We con- 
gratulate the church at Pittsfield for 
its wise and thoughtful gift. The So- 
ciety would welcome similar action on 
the part of many churches who would 
find no greater blessing than to as- 
sume the entire support of a good mis- 
sionary, and thus secure constant, 
personal touch with the worker and 
his field. 

A New Secretary For New 

Rev'. A. T. Hillman, for fifteen years 
past Secretary of the New Hampshire 
Home Missionary Society, retires 
from office after a remarkably suc- 
cessful administration. With great 
tact he has managed the affairs of the 
Society, and his genial nature has 
made him beloved by the churches and 
ministers of the state. His successor 
has been found in Rev. Edwin R. 
Smith, of Lowell, Mass. Mr. Smith 
has resigned his church and accepted 
the appointment to which we take 
pleasure in welcoming him, and in 
which we wish him many years of suc- 
cessful service. 

TKe Fall Campaign 

Preparations are being made for an 
extensive presentation of the subject 
of Home Missions in the churches of 
our denomination through the coming 
fall and winter. In addition to the 
Secretaries of the Society and the 
State Superintendents and Secretaries, 
the following have promised to aid in 
this campaign : Rev. J. D. Kings- 
bury, D. D., Rev. T. O. Douglass, 
D. D., Professor E. A. Steiner, Ph. D., 
as well as various pastors east and 
west. The Society asks for a welcome 
on the part of pastors and churches in 
the effort to give home missions a 
large place in the thought and interest 
of our fellowship. 




(Subject to minor changes). 
Tuesday Afternoon: 
General Topic of the afternoon, "The Imperative Forward Summons." 
Addresses by Directors of the Society: 

Mr. James G. Cannon, of New York, "The Home Mission Advance De- 
manded by Growth of Population and Industry.'' 
Rev. Frank T. Bayley, of Denver. Colo., "Home Mission Aggressiveness the 

Expression of Denominational Self-Respect." 
Rev. Raymond Calkins, Portland, Maine, "The Prophecy of Advance 
Found in the Accomplished Union of our Forces." 
Address by R.ev. Hubert C. Herring, General Secretary, "The Advance Re- 
quired by Loj r alty to Christ." 


3:15 Addresses by Superintendents and Secretaries: 

Rev. M, E. Eversz, Superintendent of German Work, "Adequate Hospitality 

to the Incoming Millions." 
Rev. C. W. Shelton, Secretary of New York Home Missionary Society, 

"The Home Mission Pace Called for by our Growing Cities." 
Rev. T. O. Douglass, Former Secretary of Iowa Home Missionary Society, 

"Our Achievements in the West and their Demand upon us." 
Rev. F. E. Jenkins, Superintendent of Work in the South, "The New Con- 
gregationalism in the New South." 
4:05 Fifteen Minute Prayer Service, led by Rev. E. L v Smith, of Seattle, Wash. 
4:20 Addresses by Pastors: 

Rev. C. S. Patton, of Ann Arbor, Mich., "The Pastor's Responsibility for 

Home Mission Advance." 
Rev. Daniel F. Fox, of Chicago, "Strategic Work in Centers of Influence." 
Rev. Ozora S. Davis, of New Britain, Conn., "Working over against your 
own House." 

Tuesday Evening: 
7:30 Address by Prof. E. A. Steiner, of Grinnell, Iowa, "The Church and the Im- 
Address by Rev. Charles S. Mills, of St. Louis, Mo., President of the Society. 

"The Pilgrim Church in the Republic." 
Music by Bohemian Chorus, Cleveland. 

Wednesday Morning: 
8:30 Annual Business Meeting. 
10:15 Address by Mr. Willis E. Lougee, Associate Secretary, "A Nation Wide 
Partnership in a Nation Wide Work." 
10:40 Addresses by Home Missionaries. 

Rev. Alfred Bentall, of Honor, Mich., "Every Day Work in an Every Day 

Rev. Andrew Gavlik, of Duquesne, Pa., "Home Missions among the 

Rev. Henry Harris, of Moline, 111., "Among the Men of the Mine and the 

Rev. John Prucha, of Cleveland, Ohio, "Bohemian Congregationalism." 
11:35 Address b'y Mrs. B. W. Firman, President of National Federation of Women's 
Home Missionary Unions, "My Country'." 
Wednesday Afternoon: 
General Topic : "The Spiritual Foundations." 

Rev. Henry H. Kelsey, Hartford. Conn., "The Motive Forces." 
2:30 Rev. W. D. Mackenzie, of Hartford, Conn., "The Evangelistic Spirit the Life 

of Home Missions." 
3:00 Rev. William Horace Day, of Los Angeles, Cal., "The Call of the Cross in 

Home Missions." 
3:30 to 4:30 Prayer Service, led by the General Secretary. 

Rollins College 

By William Fremont Blackman, Ph.D. — President 

completed twenty-two years of 
service. It has been fortunate 
in having from the first on its Board 
of Trustees, its Faculty, and its list of 
friends and benefactors, men and 
women of singular ability, energy, 
fidelity and consecration. Among 
these it may not be invidious to 
mention more especially its first presi- 
dent, Edward Payson Hooker, 
scholar, saint, seer, shepherd, gentle- 
man, who stamped its character on the 
constitution at its birth ; and its late 
president, George Morgan Ward, 
creator, organizer, inspiring leader, 

who dedicated his young manhood to 
its service, rallied friends to its sup- 
port in the desperate days after the 
Great Freeze, and saved it from col- 
lapse. From another point of view, 
its foremost friend has been Dr. D. 
K. Pearsons, who has spent two sea- 
sons at Winter Park — the first with 
his gentle and gracious wife — and to 
whose initiative and generous gift of 
$50,000 was due the raising of the 
Endowment Fund of $200,000. Dr. 
Pearsons' unfailing faith in the future 
of the college, and his wise counsels 
have been a source of great comfort 
to its president. 





From the first, Rollins has regarded 
itself as a missionary co.lege, an in- 
stitute of religious, educational and 
patriotic propagandism. No doubt 
this is true of all colleges, every- 
where ; it seems specially true of Rol- 
lins. When it was established, there 
was not in all the lower South, an 
enormous area, a single college whose 
ideals and spirit were national rather 
than sectional, whose standards of 
scholarship were the highest, and 
whose religious character was un- 
sectarian, Catholic, free, ethical and 
vital — no college, in a word, of the 
type so familiar and so precious in 
New England and the West. Rollins 
was established in the conviction 
which has been justified and increased 
with the passing years, that a college 
of this particular type was needed in 
that region. 

The mission of the college had then, 
and still has, three aspects : 


The schools of higher and of 
secondary grade, public and private, 
in the lower South were deplorably in- 
efficient a score of years ago. They 
have improved in recent years — con- 
sidering the poverty and the racial 
and social problems with which that 
section has been cursed, the improve- 
ment has been wonderful — yet the 
average rural school in Florida is 
even now maintained not more than 
the fourth part of the year, and is of- 
ficered by teachers deplorably ignorant 
and untrained, while there is not in 
the entire state — a region as large as 
all New England — a single High 
School or Academy, aside from our 
own and the preparatory department 
of Stetson University, which can fit 
a pupil for the Freshman class at Rol- 
lins in the Greek course. The State 
University for men and the State Col- 
lege for women are excellent schools, 
under the administration of very 
capab 1 e men, yet conditions are such 
t^at they find it necessary for the 
present to admit students who are 
deficient by at least a full year's 
prepratorv work. Rollins insists upon 

the same standard of preparation and 
of graduation as the best Northern 
college ; it is one of the two or three 
institutions in the South where stand- 
ards of admission are equal to those 
exacted by the Carnegie Foundation. 
Hence, the number of students in the 
regular college classes is, and will for 
some years remain, exceedingly small, 
but the influence of the college on the 
schools of the state is stimulating and 
wholesome. In my judgment, it can- 
not afford to lower its standards 
materially for the sake of a rapid 
growth in numbers. One of its 
former students is a professor in the 
Le!and Stanford, Jr., University; 
another recent alumnus, who took his 
entire preparatory and collegiate 
course at Rollins, was appointed a 
tutor in Columbia University after 
pursuing graduate studies there ; and 
a graduate of last year is now under 
appointment as Rhodes Scholar at 
Oxford University, he being the only 
student in a Florida institution who 
passed the Responsions Examination. 


Rollins is perhaps the only institu- 
tion, North or South, where the 
grandchildren of Abolitionists and 
Confederate soldiers, in substantially 
equal numbers, study, eat, and play 
together under teachers bred in both 
sections, and on a campus above 
which an American flag floats every 
school day, from morning till night. 
There is probably nothing else in our 
national life so important as that the 
breach between North and South 
should be healed, and that mutual 
understanding and sympathy between 
these sections should be created ; this 
is vital to the solution of the racial, 
social, industrial, political and re- 
ligious and ecclesiastical problems 
with which as a nation we are con- 
fronted. And how else can this sense 
of sympathy and solidarity be en- 
gendered so well as by blending 
choice spirits of both sections to- 
gether, as we are doing at Rollins, at 
the most impressionable period of 




And it is certainly not impossible 
that Cuba will some day be a part of 
the American union ; meantime, Rol- 
lins has for years been receiving 
young men and women from leading 
families in Cuba, training them in the 
ideas, the ideals, the language, of 
American life, and sending them 
back as leaven to that young Re- 
public. We could quadruple the num- 
ber of such students if we had room 
for them. 


Rollins is avowedly and earnestly 
religious in character. Its course of 
study, its teaching force, its rues and 
discipline, its ideals and standards 
and spirit, are all definitely Christian. 
Founded by Congregrationalists and 
for years generously fostered by the 
Congregational Education Society, it 
is sectarian neither in spirit nor con- 
trol. But it stands for a certain type 
of religious opinion and experience — 
for a reasonable freedom of belief, 
for a reverent but scientific attitude 
toward Biblical study, for a theology 
that is sane, broad, and harmonious 
with modern knowledge, and for a re- . 
ligious experience that is vital and 
ethical rather than narrow or senti- 
mental, or mainly mystical or tradi- 
tional or ecclesiastical. Especially, it 
seeks to emphasize what is common to 
a'l Christian churches and beliefs, and 
minimize what is local, individual, 
sectarian and temporary, and thus to 
promote Christian unity. Eight or 
nine different denominations are 
represented among its trustees and 
teachers. In the North, institutions of 
this type are common and familiar ; 
in the South they are still unfamiliar, 
and greatly needed. 

I am sometimes asked whether 
Rollins • is a Congregational college ; 
my answer is, that there are no Con- 
gregational colleges, and cannot be 
any, in the sense in which there are 
Presbyterian. Methodist and Baptist 
colleges — colleges, that is, where 
prorertv is owned or whose policy is 
controlled, bv an ecclesiastical body. 
But if that which I have just described 

be the heart and soul of Congrega- 
tionism, and the testimony and price- 
less gift of New England to the Na- 
tion, then, and in this sense, Ro lins 
accepts, and rejoices in the name. 

The work of the institution is 
divided into seven departments or 
'"schools." The College proper pro- 
vides a four years' course of study 
partially required and partially 
elective, leading to the degree of 
B. A. The Academy provides 
a four years' course, and pre- 
pares for any college or technical 
school. The School of Music also 
provides a four years' course, in 
piano, voice cu.ture and violin, and in 
harmony, musical theory and musical 
history ; it has four teachers and some 
fifteen pianos, and requires for grad- 
uation a High School diploma or its 
equivalent. The School of Expres- 
sion also requires a High School 
diploma as a prerequisite to grad- 
uation, and it is planned at an early 
date to make a similar requirement in 
the case of the Business School. The 
School of Fine Arts gives the usual 
courses, and is housed in a convenient 
and attractive studio, built during the 
past year by friends of the depart- 
ment. The School of Domestic and 
Industrial Arts gives instruction, 
greatly needed and greatly appre- 
ciated in F'orida, in cooking, sewing, 
dress-making, basketry, home-deco- 
ration, wood-working, metal-beat- 
ing, and architectural and mechan- 
ical drawing. The Business School 
teaches book-keeping, banking, com- 
mercial law, shorthand and teleg- 
raphy. Thus, while the college main- 
tains the highest academic standards, 
it seeks also to adapt its instruction to 
the practical needs of the population 
to which it ministers. 

The college is seriously handicapped 
by lack of equipment. Ali its build- 
ings are crowded. It needs, at once, 
a science hall, at least one additional 
dormitory, a chapel, a library and 
administration building, a score of 
scholarships for the benefit of needy 
and worthv students, and a consider- 


able increase of its general endowment 
funds. Mr. Carnegie has offered to 
give $20,000 for the library and ad- 
ministration building on condition 
that an equal amount be added to our 
endowment; the effort is now being 
made to meet this requirement. 

As I write these words, in Boston, 
the telegraph brings me the dis- 
heartening intelligence of the total 

destruction by lightning of our Music 
Hall, together with the larger part of 
its contents — furniture, pianos and im- 
plements of instruction in the domestic 
arts. These must be replaced at 
once ; at the same time, the effort to 
meet the conditions of Mr. Carnegie's 
offer must not be relaxed. 

It is an exigent moment for Rol- 
lins ; who will come to her aid ? 

Alabama To The Front 

By Rev. Geo. E. Bates, Birmingham, Alabama 

ALABAMA is the first State in 
the Union — alphabetically. In 
every statistical compilation, its 
name heads the list; sometimes to its 
credit, but often not so creditably. 
On the credit page might be recorded 
its vast mineral and forest wealth, 
rivaled by few states in the Union ; its 
yearly yield of xAnerica's greatest 
staple — cotton ; its four navigable 
rivers ; its superb gulf shipping port 
at Mobile; its rapidly increasing cot- 
ton mills and industrial plants of 
every order, creating large towns and 
cities, throbbing with modern com- 


Staid old southern villages have 
been transformed in a generation and 
some in a decade, into busy manufac- 
turing towns. New cities have sprung 
up, as if by magic from the valleys 
and plains, echoing the call of the new 
South to the new life of industry and 
energy which is already transforming 
both the visible and invisible con- 
ditions of existence. To man these 
mills and fill these towns, the native 
people from the hills and plains have 
come, and, with their exodus to the 
cities, new problems have arisen both 
in country and town. One of these is 
the scarcitv of labor in the cotton 
fields and in all agricultural pursuits. 
The negro laborer is needed and paid 
better by the great construction, man- 
ufacturing and mining enterprises. 
The white population is thronging the 
town and city for the larger oppor- 
tunities of the business world. The 
Rural South is being deserted for the 
city. As a result, the cost of living 
in the cities of Alabama, is excessive. 
The state does not even raise meat or 
grain or dairy products or poultry or 
even fruit and vegetables enough for 

its own consumption. One of the 
greatest needs in Alabama, at present 
is an intelligent, thrifty farming class. 


Immigration is the watchword of 
the hour in the South. German and 
Dutch farmers and gardeners, Italian 
and Bohemian laborers, fruit colonies 
and dairy farmers are being sought 
and brought by government action. 
To this, Alabama looks for her salva- 
tion as a producing State. Southern- 
ers as a rule, are better traders than 
makers, better talkers than workers. 
Northern enterprise and skill leads its 
industries as Northern capital has 
founded them. The towns are 
welcoming thousands of the finest 
Northern working men and engineers 
to the service of their developing in- 
dustries, as well as the country men 
of their own section, to the trades, 
professions and commercial vocations. 


All this has its bearing on the re- 
ligious problems of Alabama. The 
churches here are strong in their hold 
on the people and influential in shap- 
ing the thought and life of the public. 
They have political power and they 
use it, when necessary, in the cause of 
good government and civic righteous- 
ness. Politicians treat them with 
deference, seek to know their opinion 
of contemplated legislation and in 
large measure bow to it. In no part 
of America does the pulpit play so 
large a part in public affairs or exert 
greater influence for good. 

Moreover, the South still clings to 
the old time religion. Revivals are by 
no means obsolete. They are con- 
sidered as necessary in the church 
calendar as the regular means of 
grace. As a result, there is much re- 
ligious fervor and zeal, not always 
coupled with the highest ethics or in- 


teligence. This may be somewhat 
due to the tardy educational develop- 
ment, especially in rural parts. But 
Alabama has been caught in the swing 
of the modern educational movement 
and is forging ahead, with giant 
strides, in the matter of public school 
equipment, and p-eneral interest in and 
provision for higher education. Just 
here let me mention 


in which Congregationalists are 
interested through their Education 
Society and other contributors, 
and which is being enthusias- 
tically supprted by the town 
and county in which it has been 
established. Here we have a Con- 
gregational Church, composed, when 
organized two years ago, of represen- 
tatives of eight denominations and 
now forging ahead in influence and 
service for the community. Thorsby 
is admirably located on the main line 
of the Louisville & Nashville Rail- 
road, half way between Birmingham 
and Montgomery. The town was 
established about ten years ago, by a 
colony of fruit growers from the 
North. It is in the center of six 
counties, entirely without public high 
schools, and Our Institute will thus 

serve a large constituency. Last year, 
the first of its existence, over sixty 
students were enrolled, and this will 
doubtless be increased to one hundred 
in the fall term. In this way our 
churches are endeavoring to con- 
tribute their share to the educational 
forces which must lift Alabama out 
of her inefficiency and illiteracy; for 
the South needs to-day, education 
more than religion. Schools more 
than churches, teachers more than 


Our Congregational Churches in 
Alabama are typical of the rural and 
mill town conditions. Of the ninety- 
five churches reported in the year 
book for 1906, all but five are purely 
southern and are located in the 
country or in small towns. None of 
the large cities save Birmingham has 
a Congregational Church. At Birming- 
ham a church building is just being 
completed which will add greatly to 
the strength of our work in that 
district. Similar enterprises should 
be undertaken in at least five other 
large cities in the State as soon as 
possible. Above everything to-day, 
these rural churches need an educated 
ministry and the leadership of church- 




es in the large cities. With this they 
will in ten years present to the de- 
nomination as fine a type of intelligent, 
independent church life as can any- 
where be found. This is true, because 
they have the best native material in 
the world in their membership; pure 
unadulterated Anglo-Saxon manhood 
and womanhood. 


But the influx of foreign people and 
Northern blood brings new problems. 
These people bring with them their 
institutions of religion. They do not 
change their beliefs with their place 
of residence. If they cannot find con- 
genial fellowship in the churches al- 
ready established, they seek to found 
one of their own sort. Nor do the 
Southern churches resent the helping 
hand of any organization which 
desires to assist in meeting these 
problems. They do resent an an- 
tagonistic and sectional policy or 
spirit, as it is natural they should. 
But they give a clear field and a 
brotherly hand in fellowship to the 
worker who wishes only to help build 
up the Kingdom of Christ. My ex- 
perience of two years in Birmingham 
has been most pleasant in its relations 
with the ministers of other denomina- 

tions. Congregationalism has a work 
to do in Alabama, both in its ninety 
rural churches and in the rapidly 
growing towns and cities. Its doc- 
trines and principles are congenial, its 
method of appeal is appreciated, its 
service of inspiration, unification and 
education are recognized as of vast 
value and importance. There is every 
reason why our churches should be 
established and supported in this great 
State, which is destined to have such 
a wonderful development in the years 
to come. 


I have neglected altogether the 
other side of the ledger. Is it not a 
good policy to say little of the faults 
of our fellows whom we wish to 
serve? We all condemn, everywhere, 
the lack of adequate child labor and 
compulsory education laws, the prac- 
tice of leasing State and County 
criminals to private corporations, the 
practice of lynching, and other evils. 
But proximity to the conditions under 
which these things occur, tempers 
somewhat the heat of our judgment. 
Negro shiftlessness, crime, ignorance 
and presumption are unpleasant facts. 
Perhaps he does not always get justice 
and his virtues may be forgotten in 
the presence of his racial failings, but 





underneath all the race bitterness and 
false philosophy lies a kindly, gene- 
rous purpose which will finally work 
out the salvation of both white and 

Meanwhile no effort for negro re- 
demption should be relaxed nor any 
controversy entered upon to discover 
the exact status quo of the process by 
which this is being accomplished, but 

with a large faith in the goodness of 
God and the oneness of human 
destiny, every friend of humanity 
should be content to labor and to wait, 
white the vaster forces of the Unseen 
thansform the races from character to 
character until at last we see His face, 
"in whom there is neither Greek nor 
Jew, barbarian, Scythian, bond 


Congregationalism In Dixie Land 

By Rev. George Washington Ray, Ft. Worth, Texas 

WILL Congregationalism thrive 
in Dixie Land is a question 
frequently asked and va- 
riously answered to-day. I believe it 
will, and here is a reason for the hope 
that is in me. On the first day of 
May, 1903, we pitched a tent in Fort 
Worth, Texas, and began work under 
the auspices of the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society. At that 
time there was not a member nor a 
dollar of Congregational money so far 
as we knew, in the city. The meet- 
ings were held every night for three 
weeks, and on the sixth day of June 
the church was organized with about 
thirty charter members, and on the 
eighth of June it was recognized by a 
council of the churches as a duly 
organized Congregational Church. 

Among the charter members were 
found C. R. Post and wife Aunt Car- 
rie Post, Herbert Post, Boyd Clarke 
and wife and daughter and W. Z. 
Manchester. The Posts are descend- 
ants of Stephen Post who came to 
Massachusetts in 1634, and migrated 
with Thomas Hooker to the Connec- 
ticut Valley in 1636. Their immediate 
grandfather after the Revolutionary 
War took some Government scrip and 
with it located land at Middlebury, 
Vermont. Their father moved from 
there in 1833 to Marietta, Ohio, and 
in 1842 to Waverley, 111. Their uncle, 
Reuben Post, was for a time chaplain 
of the United States Congress, when 
he became pastor of the old Circular 
Church in Charleston, South Carolina, 

where he remained till he died. A 
cousin by the name of Martin Post 
became pastor of the church at 
Logansport, Indiana, where he raised 
four boys all of whom became Con- 
gregational ministers, and another 
cousin by the name of Truman Post 
went to St. Louis and organized the 
first Congregational church west of 
the Mississippi River. So you see 
they were good posts to tie to. Mr. 
Boyd Clarke's ancestor came over in 
the Mayflower, but up to the time of 
the organization of our church Mr. 
Clarke had never made a public con- 
fession of Christ. He has since joined 





the company of the Immortals. W. 
Z. Manchester's father was for many 
years sexton of the old North Church 
of New Bedford, Mass ; Manchester 
had been hanging out in Texas for a 
good many years for want of a Con- 
gregational church home. The tent 
was replaced by a little frame build- 
ing twenty-four feet wide by forty 
feet long, which we occupied for the 
first time July 4th, 1903. This little 
house up to the present time has been 
moved four times, and for the past 
two years has been used by the pastor 
and his daughters as a school build- 

In October, 1903, we purchased a 
lot on the corner of Pennsylvania and 

money was gathered up in small 
amounts till the first payment was 

The following winter Mr. C. W. 
Post of Postum Cereal fame, son of 
C. R. Post, came to our city and at- 
tended the church with his parents 
on Sunday. At the close of the serv- 
ice he said I don't know when I have 
enjoyed a service so well. Later I 
wrote him a letter asking how he 
would like to put up $5,000 against 
another $5,000 that I would secure 
and build a nice little church and put 
a memorial tablet on it for his father 
and mother. This he agreed to do, 
and later he also took a half interest 
in the lot, and then when the plans 


College Avenues, one of the finest 
locations in the city. The owner of 
the lot refused to sell it to the church 
saying you have no church, but if you 
will put up your own obligation for 
the property I will sell it to you. So 
the pastor put up his own obligation 
for the property, agreeing to pay 
$1,000 when the deed was delivered 
and $1,000 annually thereafter till the 
entire amount was paid. At that 
time there was not $300 in sight in 
the church. But the man who rented 
the house that was on the lot put up 
his notes for ten months' rent at thirty 
dollars per month, and the rest of the 

were made and the estimates ran 
above the $1,000 he put up the extra 
amount with the understanding that 
the church people would do the 
furnishing. Standing one day with 
his foot on the foundation he said, 
"Ray, I like the way you do things ; 
go on and finish the church right and 
I will see you through it, but this is 
for your ears only." So when the 
church was finally completed we were 
carrying a note in the bank for $2,000. 
He happened to be in town the day it 
was due, I called his attention to it, 
and he said a short horse is soon cur- 
ried, I will pay it to-day, which he did. 




In the meantime we purchased 
another lot on which we moved the 
house and repaired it at a cost of nine 
hundred dollars, and leased it at once 
at $420 per year. This property 
could be sold any day for $5,000. Our 
church property, lot, building and 
furnishings cost $24,000, of which 
$5,000 were received in loan and 
grant from the Church Building So- 
ciety. It is mission in style and is 
one of the prettiest churches in the 
Southwest. It is 89x72 feet, and by 
crowding will seat seven hundred. 
Many interesting things are connected 
with the raising of our part of the 
money. One young lady, an orphan 
who lived with her grandfather gave 
me a beautiful little white diamond 
saying as she did so, I used to have 
some natural pride in wearing it but 
have not now, and I wish you to sell 
it and use the money to help pay for 
the church lot. I sold it for $93.50. 

A little crippled girl came one night 
to the prayer meeting and gave me a 
nickel saying as she did so, Mr. Ray, 
I earned a nickel this week and I 
want to give it to you for the little 
church. I did not sleep very well that 
night, that nickel got in bed with me 
and I could not sleep. The next 
morning I carried it over to Aunt 
Carrie Post and told her the story. 
She said I have a box here that I call 
my Alabaster Box ; it is made of 
wood from a tree that grew in Mr. 
Lincoln's yard in Springfield, Illinois. 
Let us put the money in that and 
dedicate it to the Lord. It was done 
and Aunt Carrie took possession of it. 
She belongs to the working corps of 
the Lord's army. She organized the 
young ladies' class in Springfield, 111., 
and directed it for years, that kept 
Jennie Chapin, a missionary in China. 
More than $400 has gone through 
that little box into the church. Much of 
it Aunt Carrie earned herself knitting 
slippers. The slipper shop ran night 
and day summer and winter. She is 
an octogenarian and beyond, but she 
can knit slippers, write poetry and do 
many other useful things. 

But the best thing about the church 
is the one hundred and eighty-five 
members we have on our church roll. 
They are not all here now, but we can 
count one hundred and fifty of them. 
They represent nine different de- 
nominations. The greater part of 
them came in on confession of faith, 
and they are as loyal a company as 
one could wish for. Down in this 
southwestern country they make a soup 
called Burgoo. It is made of as many 
different kinds of meat as the market 
affords. It is said that a United States 
Senator was stirring a pot of this 
soup under the branches of a large 
tree; a little young bird on one of the 
branches above lost his balance and 
tumbled into the pot ; he simply said 
Burgoo and stirred it in. So in our 
work here whoever falls into the Con- 
gregational pot we stir them in and 
label them Congregationalists. Most 
of our members have come in on con- 
fession of faith, and a large number 
of them never made a public confes- 
sion before joining our church. You 
would be surprised how many of them 
have said to me, I have always been 
a Congregationalist but did not know 
it. One man who helped another man 





buy the lot on which our tent was 
pitched in order to get me out of the 
neighborhood, has since joined the 
church and brought his whole family 
with him. On uniting with the church 
he said the only mistake I made was 
that I did not join the church when 
Mr. Ray first began here. He is one 
of my most enthusiastic workers, and 
recently induced another man to 
come down to the church with him 
who had been raised a Catholic and 
who had broken away from his own 
church and as a result lost interest in 
them all. He agreed to come just 
once, but never missed a Sunday, 
when he was well, from that day till 
he surrendered his life to Jesus and 
joined the church. He is one of the 
best business men of the city and an 
enthusiastic worker in the church. 
We had ten accessions in the month 
of June ; four of them men — a wind- 
mill manufacturer, a plumber, a cattle 
broker and a railroad engineer. Eight 
of the ten came on confession of faith. 
One man whom I hunted down when 
he accepted Christ said, "This might 
have been done long ago if any other 
man had gone after me as you have, 
for you are the first preacher I ever 


saw that I could not shake off." Get- 
ting that man resulted in bringing in- 
to the church his wife, a brother and 
his wife, a sister and two sons. The 
obstacles are largely threefold: 

First — Ignorance : A great 
good people in the South. and 
little about the Congregational 
Church. Many people when I first 
came to Fort Worth asked, What new 
denomination is that? and what does 
it stand for? I told one man on the 
street that it stood for reaching the 
hub and we did not care what spoke 
a man traveled down, and I feel very 
much that way. If the Congregation- 
al Church is not broad enough so 
that men can live together in it and 
not think alike, then it is time we 
were having one that is. One of the 
greatest hinderances to the growth of 
our Church in the past was the feel- 
ing among some of the brethren that 
the men who came to the state to 
work must say our shibbo'eth or have 
their heads cut off as of old. 

Second — Prejudice : There are 
still a few people in the South who 
have not had time since the unple- 
asantness of sixty-one to sixty-five, to 
grow broad enough to belong on both 




sides of Mason and Dixon's Line. 
Our daughters were teaching in the 
public schools and were dropped from 
the roll because some one circulated 
the report that one of them said that 
she would as soon eat with Booker T. 
Washington as with some Texans she 
.had seen. But God makes the wrath 
of man to praise Him, and a private 
school grew out of it that was much 
more remunerative and satisfactory. 
Third — Lack of vision on the part 
of our people : Too many of our 
churches are small affairs located in 
unfortunate parts of the cities, and 
our people find themselves tied to a 
little 24x40 building where they 
struggle along for years and then die. 
Some of my people here thought it al- 
most madness to buy a lot costing 
$5,000 in one of the best parts of the 
city, but that is just what we should 
do in the South. This is really the 
land of promise for the Congregation;; 

al Church to-day. Men believe the 
Bible and attend the churches and 
are open to conviction, more so I be- 
lieve that at any time in the twenty-five 
years of my ministry. And while they 
are a busy stirring lot of fellows they 
are not money crazy. The South is 
ready and waiting for Congrega- 
tionalism and we ought to vigorously 
push into every great center of the 
land. The railroads are all building 
toward the Gulf of Mexico ; emigra- 
tion is moving toward the Gulf; peo- 
ple are coming into Texas by the train 
loads. Within a very short time this 
land of the softest zephyrs and the 
brightest moonshine and the sweetest 
midnight song bird will be covered 
with great cities teeming with multi- 
tudes of people. "The harvest truly is 
great and the laborers are few ; pray 
ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, 
that He send forth laborers into His 

Theological Nuggets From The Southland 

By Lawrence Phelps — Professor of Biblical Theology, Atlanta 

Theological Seminary 

44TP HE LORD willing, Con- 
1 1 gregationalism shall take 
the third place in statistics 
and the first place in spiritual and in- 
tellectual leadership in the South." 
Thus speaks our honored and beloved 
Superintendent Jenkins. These words 
are not only prophetic, but both sug- 
gestive and symbolical. A trained 
ministry for the white churches of the 
-South is demanded by a trained peo- 
ple in the churches. 

Born and bred on Andover Hill, 
surrounded from infancy to early 
manhood by the glories of the place, 
the scholarly atmosphere in the very 
air itself and the deep intellectuality 
of the people, I can modestly speak 
from experience of the needs of a 
trained ministry because of my con- 
nection with two A number one 
Seminaries, Andover and Atlanta. 
The one well equipped with an able 
faculty, a 1 arge fund, a noble history 

and a glorious future. The other not 
yet out of her swaddling clothes, a 
mere child with, I believe, just one dol- 
lar endowment, a fine campus of ten 
acres in the most beautiful part of the 
city, an old farm building accom- 
modating some twenty pupils by using 
parts of the library and chapel for 
sleeping rooms, a faculty of four 
consecrated men happy in the priv- 
ilege of working in the Southland, 
knowing that the small remuneration 
will come from the generosity of 
Northern friends, and literally trust- 
ing in the Lord for daily bread; 
Andover and Atlanta stand for the 
two great principles of a consecrated 
and educated ministry. The com- 
parison is pertinent, because as the 
"oldest Theological Seminary in the 
land" met the new demand for a 
thoroughly equipped ministry, so the 
youngest child in the professional 
family intends to solve the "new pro- 




blems" of the new South. Asking 
the late Deacon Richardson about an 
article that was to be published in the 
C ongrc nationalist , this unique advice 
was given : "Write some interesting 
story of your own experience or 
observation." May I follow this great 
editor's counsel and give a few stray 
leaves from a year's happy experience 
in the Southland? 

Some twenty pupils greeted me, as 
only Southern men can welcome "a 
stranger in a strange land." Our 
first privilege was to kneel together 
and ask God's blessing on our work; 
I never shall forget that prayer serv- 
ice. No wonder the recitation room 
became a Mount of Transfiguration. 
These men prayed as I never heard 
men pray before. These friends had 
sold their farms, closed their business, 
and were willing to make such a 
sacrifice of personal comforts as I 
have never seen before. To be more 
exact they "gloried in discomfort" in 
order to be able to preach more ef- 
fectively "the glories of the cross of 
Christ." Another fact impressed me 
as the weeks sped too rapidly away, 
the unusual ability of the men. A 
year's course of lectures, the result of 
fifteen vears experience, I had care- 
fully written and had the manuscript 

revised by Bible experts, but I did 
not use them. I found it necessary to 
study as I never studied before, in 
order to meet the needs of my pupils. 
Pen cannot describe the joy and in- 
spiration of the three and four hours 
daily work in the class room. The 
pupils possessed a peculiar earnest- 
ness that became contagious because 
it came from their own self-sacrifice. 
Trained men — no — if your definition is 
taken from the purely scholastic 
standpoint. Trained men — yes — if 
you mean by it that mental acumen 
developed by hard work and harder 
thinking. These pupils were ex- 
perienced by years in the Normal 
school and the class room ; strength- 
ened by contact with life as pastors 
of country churches, or developed 
through the touch of life in its busi- 
ness relations, and thus came to us 
with the equivalent mental growth of 
the average New England College 
graduate. I found in my classes all 
of them knew how to observe, to 
judge, to analyze, to reason, to adapt. 
What more is needed for a twentieth 
century preacher? Northern friends 
make a mistake if they think our 
work is of the kindergarten stage or 
our curriculum of the grade of a lay 
Bible trainino- school. 



The men possessed a fervor that 
became a fever of earnestness, an 
ardor that was an anchor to the soul 
sure and steadfast, chaining the mind 
to persistent faithful study, a power 
electric in its force to conquer all 
things at any cost. We talk of seeing 
the grass grow' in the spring. I did 
see the scales fall from the mental 
perceptions and the minds of my 
pupils develope in the class room a 
spirituality that became like the glory 
of the Pentecostal Chamber, as these 
young friends showed their deter- 
mination to know "nothing save 
Jesus Christ and Him crucified." 

In a sentence a unique, peculiar, 
vital and living mental ability marked 
our student body. This same power 
was manifest in the pulpit work of 
the pupils. Three times I preached 
to a small number of people in the 
morning, and each evening one of my 
pupils spoke to a crowded house. 
The reason was obvious. My young 

friend made a greater sacrifice in 
order to study for the ministry than 
I had to make. Frankly that young 
man could and did preach better than 
his professor. No heresy trials will 
ever come to these men because they 
are too much in dead earnest to know, 
or do, or care for but one thing, 
"Jesus Christ and Him crucified." 

This paper could be filled with in- 
cidents illustrating the kind of sac- 
rifice our students are making. Sac- 
rifice has its own graded system of 
quality and quantity, its own rills 
and rivers and rivulets of action and 
reaction. The sacrifice I met was 
manly in aim, noble in effort and 
superb in result. 

The fact that the men had no 
money and sometimes not a decent 
suit of clothes, was only incidental 
to the deeper fact that at any cost 
they must prepare themselves to 
preach the Gospel. The mere state- 
ment that the pupils did their own 




washing or cooked their own meals is 
onh' a straw in the stream indicating 
the strength of purpose in their minds 
to study faithfully. Study — mark my 
words, they did study in the truest, 
deepest sense of the term. Pages 
could be filled full of pathos and 
tragedy that would describe the ex- 
periences of those men in coming to 
us. Here a call like Samuel of old, 
and selling farm or resigning the 
clerkship the candidate appears bag 
and baggage, possibly a $10 bill, and 
goes to work "simply trusting, that is 

There is seen a young man of 
limited early opportunities but un- 
limited faith ; word has just reached 
him of his father's death, and in it 
the sister writes "father, when too 
weak to speak, points to your picture, 
places it to his lips and dies kissing 
the face and praying for you, my 
brother." Instantly the boy cries to 
God for mercy, sells out his lucrative 
business, enters the Seminary, passes 
the first examination of his life, with 
a mark of 85 out of 100. I know the 
questions were severe ones, because 
by permission I obtained many of 
them from Secretary Sanders' able 
"outlines." To-day this young man 
is one of the most lovable and earnest 
students in the Seminary. A letter 
just received informs me of the 
beautiful Christlike work he is doing 
this summer as a Missionary's As- 

One point only remains for our 
consideration, the need for this in- 
stitution. The prophetic words of 
Superintendent Jenkins sufficiently 
answer this problem. Personal let- 
ters received from some of the ablest 
men, southern born and bred, but of 
other denominations, state with no 
uncertain sound, that "Congrega- 
tionalism" is needed, and now is the 
time for her to do the best work and 
our Seminary is an abso^te necessity. 

I have near me as I write, a list of 
forty-two men who want to come to 
us this fall but have no monev- We 

do not believe in paying men to come, 
and for this reason only, have lost 
some students who were able to 
secure more funds elsewhere. We do 
believe in doing as much for our 
pupils as our National Military in- 
stitutions do for the "able bodied 
men" entering the United States 
service. Our government pays the 
school year expense of the student. 
We offer by the help of our educa- 
tional society and Seminary aid, $100 
to worthy unmarried men, and $150 
to married men. I believe there is 
wealth enough in our denomination 
to meet this demand. The importance 
of this work cannot be realized unless 
you come and see it for yourself. 
The call of God is clear. The race 
problem, the whole southern question 
stands trembling in the balance, wait- 
ing anxiously for the answer, "will 
you come over and help us ?" Fifteen 
hundred churches must look to us for 
a trained ministry. Endowment fund, 
buildings and new books for our rapid- 
ly growing library are the immediate 

I remember as a boy, walking one 
day with my father, who directed my 
attention to one of those glorious sun- 
sets found nowhere else except in 
Andover. The dear man said in 
substance : "Do you notice the light 
reflected on vale and hill? The sun 
says good-night in order to say good- 
morning to a new day made more 
glorious because of the eventide 
hour. This is life symbolized. When 
the good-night comes may it bring a 
better good-morning and a brighter 
because of your deeds and the in- 
fluence of your life." 

Readers of The Home Mission- 
ary, will you make your own applica- 
tion of these words? Do you see the 
glories of the setting sun with its 
"good-night" reflected on the South- 
land? To-morrow, is it to be a 
brighter and better "good-morning" 
in the Southland because of your 
sympathy and help?" 

Women's Work and Methods 

By Margaret L. Knapp 

IN A former article I have shown 
that Congregational women need 
a stronger grasp of our funda- 
mental church principles. There ■ is 
still another defect in our organized 
work to-day; its excessive individual- 

Said a young man lately: "We 
have some splendid organizations in 
our church, but they are not working 
together; there is no "team work." 

This church has senior and junior 
home missionary societies, senior and 
junior foreign societies, a boys' and 
girls' mission circle, an 1 two study 
classes. Efforts to secure co-opera- 
tion between home and foreign clubs 
failed. Of the ten large Congrega- 
tional Churches in its state it has the 
largest parish expenses, and the next 
to the smallest Sunday school. It 
supports no missionary. Individuals 
give largely, and the pastor is ear- 
nestly in sympathy with the cause, but 
the church is doing no aggressive 
work as a whole church. 

This illustrates the weak side of 
Congregationalism. Large churches 
are split up into separate organiza- 
tions, unwilling to unite for any com- 
mon purpose lest the other society 
should benefit by it more than them- 
selves. Often there is jealousy about 
money. Those interested in home 
missions do not care for foreign mis- 
sions ; and vice versa. 

Such a state of things does not ex- 
ist in the Episcopal Church, because 
members consider themselves and 
their local church as parts of a great- 
er whole. Moreover, they have but 
one society, for both home and for- 
eign work. Our system of perpetuat- 
ing five societies, making separate ap- 
peals, and publishing separate maga- 
zines, has fostered evils. The socie- 
ties themselves admit this, and are 

striving to remedy it. 

Let us state the axiom here: The 
local independence of the churches 
should be preserved; a self-centered 
spirit in its activities should be de- 

The plan I have to propose unites 
the enthusiasm of numbers with the 
training of a mission-study class. It 
provides for a single organization of 
the younger women of a congregation, 
having one set of officers, but divid- 
ing into groups for study and con- 
ference. It might be worked out 
somewhat as follows : 
Name. "The Missionary Club of the 

Church." "Club" has more 

of the modern spirit than "Society." 
"Auxiliary" or "Branch" should be 
avoided, because they throw emphasis 
upon connection with some Union or 
Board, instead of emphasizing the 
duty of a club to act for the welfare 
of its own church in all its methods. 
It may be an auxiliary, but it should 
not call itself one. 

Officers. President, vice-president, 
secretary, (corresponding secretary if 
needed), and treasurer. Supernumer- 
ary vice-presidents should be dis- 
pensed with. 

Groups. These should be voluntarily 
formed for the season, members 
changing to some other group after- 
ward. There should be a strong 
group upon foreign work, another to 
cover the activities of the Home Mis- 
sionary Society, others upon educa- 
tion, immigration, etc. There might 
also be a group upon social service 
made up of one member of each local 
organization like the Charity Organ- 
ization, Civic Clubs, the Consumers' 
League, the members merely asked to 
keep the rest in touch with such as- 
sociations by brief announcements, etc. 
Some recognition should also be 




shown the Home Department of the 
Sunday school, which has a distinctly 
missionary character. Each group or 
committee should elect its own chair- 
man and secretary. 
Meetings. Twice a month. The first, 
a general meeting, with reports of 
secretary and treasurer, discussion of 
plans, sentence reports from the field, 
given by group members (this will be 
referred to later), and a program of 
fifteen or twenty minutes made up of 
two or three talks or papers, during 
which the chairman in charge for the 
day should be invited to take her seat 
beside the president, and announce the 

The second meeting should be for 
the groups by themselves, not neces- 
sarily all on the same day. It is 
generally better, however, to meet in 
some neutral place, lest any one 
should entertain elaborately, and so 
create inequalities. At these meetings 
the aim should be to acquire informa- 
tion, not for themselves, but for the 
use of the church. Mission study 
deepens interest in those who under- 
take it, but it has not, so far, reacted 
where it was needed — upon mature 
men, who have no time for classes, 
but who can appreciate facts. Wom- 
en should make study subservient to 
this aim, of getting facts before their 
own churchmen. 

Reports. The president calls for them 
in some such fashion as this : "We 
will now hear from our Foreign Com- 
mittee." .... "Have the Immigration 
Group any new facts for us ?" . . . . 
"What news from our mission 
schools?" etc. Imaginary items: 

" School has received a legacy of 

$5,000.". .. ."The parsonage at 

-, to which our State Union con- 
tributed, has just been finished.".... 

" 's book on the Slav has been 

placed in our Teachers' Library." The 
president may ask to have an import- 
ant statement put upon the black- 
board; she may direct that items be 
typewritten in large letters with 
double spacing for a vestibule bulle- 
tin, or read at the midweek meeting. 

Offerings. They should be portioned 
out fairly according to a carefully 
made budget, observing the relative 
proportions agreed upon by the five 
societies for their needs. 

The advantages of the above plan 
are, first, that it gives every one a 
chance to do something, which is not 
the case under present conditions ; 
second, that entertainments can be 
given without overworking a few ; 
third, that it checks jealousy and 
rivalries about getting money out oi 
the congregation. It may be objected 
that it might put a whole club at the 
mercy of an incompetent or selfish 
president. A club should guard all its 
prerogatives, in order not to be at the 
mercy of any president. It is better 
to choose some one who has not held 
office for a long time, and to look for 
one who can bring out the powers of 
others, instead of doing too much her- 
self. No one is fit for the office who 
tries to use her position for her own 
social advancement. The first quality 
needed is a disinterested spirit. A 
good many women have that. It 
should be understood that all officers 
are out of office at the end of each 
year, and that it takes an election to 
put them in again. A president 
should not serve more than two years. 
The second year she should ask the 
vice-president to lead one or two 
meetings. If she shows ability she 
will naturally be the first person con- 
sidered at the next election. 

Unfortunately, many of our home 
missionary auxiliaries are organized 
under a constitution which restricts 
their scope and their sympathies. To 
work in a broader spirit would require 
changes in their constitution. If there 
are any thoughtful persons in such 
societies who are dissatisfied with the 
underlying conditions in their own 
churches, it may be of use to them to 
be reminded that the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society has not 
hesitated to throw away its old con- 
stitution and adopt another, because 
convinced that the time had come for 
a better system. 

Appoin tmen ts and Receip ts 


Not in commission last year. 

May, 1907. 

Black, W. A., Bell Chapel and St. Paul, Minn. 

Boardman, Charles P., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Dowding, H. W., Portsmouth, Va. 

Fisher, G. R. G., Lakeland, Minn. 

Gray, David B., General Missionary in Ore. 

Haring, E. E., Torrington, Wyo. 

Hill, Charles L., Freedom, Minn. 

Telinek, Joseph, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Porter, John, Hot Sulpher Springs, Colo. 

Postulka, Frank H., Littleton, Colo. _ 

Reynolds, Lauriston, Wessmgton, Springs and 

Lane, So. Dak. 
Sealey, H. J., Republic, Mo. 
Secord, Alfred A., St. Paul, Minn. 
Sheets, George W., Backus, Minn. 
Smith, E. E., Glen Ullin, No. Dak. 
Sovcik, Andrew, Kansas City, Ran. 
Sutherlin, Harvey, Cortez, Colo. 
Vogel, A. H., Kulm, No. Dak. 
Totusek, Vincent, Stockdale, Penn. 
Wiska, August, Rocky Ford, Colo. , 

Williams, Benj. J., Glenlyon and Wanamie, Penn. 
Wiltberger, Louis W., Paonia, Colo. 
Wright, Reuben B., General Missionary in Idaho. 


Anderson, Carl G., Kasota, Minn. 
Avery, Oliver P., Oklahoma City, Okla. 
Barber, Jerome M., Forest Grove, Ore. 
Barnes, Orville A., North Branch, Minn. 
Barnett, Tohn H., Albion, Penn. 
Bickers, Wm. H., Willow Springs, Mo. 
Blodgett, Ernest A., Flagler, Colo. 
Blomberg, Carl R. A., Culdrum and Little Falls, 

Minn. _ , ,, r . 

Bloom, Karl J., Clear Lake, Wis. 
Bolin, Nels J., Wondel Brook, Minn. 
Bollinger, Edward S., Portland, Ore. 
Byers, Ralph, Brighton, Colo. 
Carlson, W. G., New Brighton Minn. 
Childs, Lucas S., Hillsdale and Coldwater, Okla. 
Conard, W. J., Itasco County, Minn. 
Crawford, Otis D., Fairmount, Ind. 
Dahlgren, John A., Dover, N. J. 
Davils, Arthur, Pleasant Valley and Duncan, So. 

Dak. ~. , r* r. 

DeBarritt, Alfred, Cienfuegos, Cuba. 
Derome, Jules A., Valley Springs, So. Dak. 
Eckel, Frank E., Pueblo, Colo. _ 

Fellows, C. B.. General Missionary in Minn. 
Gallagher, G. W., Geddes, So. Dak. 
Gasque, Wallace, Atlanta, Ga. 
Gavlik, Andrew, Duquesne, Penn. 
Haughland, Lars N., Maple Valley, Wis 
Hilliard, Samuel M., Frankfort, So. Dak. 
Hindley, George, Helena, Mont. 
Howard, T. W., Birchdale, Minn 
Johnson, Harry W., West Duluth Minn. 
Tohnston, Frank L., Kansas City, Mo. 
Knardahl, C. M., Chicago, 111. 
Kovac, Andrew, Allegheny City, Penn. 
Larke, Edmund, Biwabik, Minn. 
Leggette. Thomas, Bryant, So. Dak 
Lindsley, Edwin E., New York Mills, Minn. 
McArthur, W. W., Englewood, Colo. 
McKay, Charles G., Atlanta, Ga. 
McKinley, George A., Clear Lake, So. Dak. 
Mack, Charles A., Colfax,, No. Dak. 
Mason, James D., Waterville, Minn. 
May, Nelson H.. Murdo and Draper, So. Dak. 
Meyer, W. H., Clackamas, Ore. 
Michael, George, Walker, Minn. 
Moorehouse, G. E., Astoria, Ore. 
Moxie, Chas. IT., Mazeppa and Zumbro Falls, 

Minn. .,, _ 

Nelson, Frank, Titusville, Penn 
Nichols, T. H., Drummond, Okla. 
Nissen, Niel, Kansas City, Mo . . 

Okerstein, John F., General Missionary in Minn. 

Olson, Carl F., Spencer Brook, Minn. 

Owen, Edward P., Willow Creek, Okla. 

Parsons, E., St. Joseph, Mo. 

Pershing, James E., Vinita, Ind. Ter. 

Peters, John, Fertile and Maple Bay, Minn. 

Peterson, J. M., Suring, Wis. 

Peterson, Samuel, Lake City, Minn. 

Powell, Mrs. Katharine W., Custer, So. Dak. 

Randies, Walter M., Minersville, Penn. 

Roberts, Owen W., Gavlord, Minn. 

Rowan, Wm. L., Collbran. Colo. 

Searles, G. R., Herrick, So. Dak. 

Shaw, E. S., Velva, No. Dak. 

Starr, Charles L., Ree Heights and Greenlcaf, 

So. Dak. 
Vining, R. W., Susquehanna, Penn. 
Washington, A. G., Burtrum, Swanville and 

Pillsburv, Minn. 
Williams, D. T., Blossburg, Penn. 
Wrigley, Francis, Granite Falls and Sacied 

Heart, Minn. 
Yarrow, Phillip W., St. Louis, Mo. 

June, 1907. 
Arnold, Lewis D., Akeley, Minn. 
Asadoorian, Avedes M., Lebanon and Logan, 

Springs, So. Dak. 
Bainton, Charles M., Walla Walla, Wash. 
Baker, George, Edison, Wash. 
Bascom, George S., Eureka, No. Dak. 
Blackbourn, C. G., Myers Falls and Bossbtug, 

Burger, Chas. C, Waukomis, Okla. 

Burgess, Hubert F., Sunnyside, Wash. 

Bushell, Richard, Black Diamond, Wash. 

Chapman, Richard K., Carthage, Redstone and 
Glenview, So. Dak. 

Chase, Samuel B., Lewiston, Ida. 

Corneliussen, F. A. T., Jamestown, N. Y. 

Cunningham, R. A., South Bend, Wash. 

Dick, Guy L., Bellevue, Wash. 

Edwards, George N., Port Angeles, Wash. 

Eggleston, Frank O., Hydro, Okla. 

Englund, Theodore, Plainfield, N. J. 

Faubion, Nathaniel G., Lakeside, Wash. 

Harris, Harry R., Mcintosh, Minn. 

Hawkesworth, Charles W., Arlington, Wash. 

Heghin, Samuel S., Gettysburg, So. Dak. 

Herbert, Sherman H., Hope, Ida. 

Hudson, James D., Beach, Wash. 

Jamarik, Paul, Elmdale, Minn. 

Jones, John D., Spokane, Wash. 

Tones, John E., Nekoma, No. Dak. 

Kelley, Edward L., Kensal, No. Dak. 

Kinzer, Addison, D., Puyallup, Wash. 

Lewis, Franklin C, Rock Springs, Wyo. 

Longenecker, George W., Berthold, No. Dak. 

Martin, Michael A., Webster, So. Dak. 

Mason, Charles E., Mountain Home, Ida. 

Mason. John R., Shipshewana and Ontario, Ind. 

May, Thomas F., Kellogg, Ida. 

Mirick, Edward A., International Falls, Minn. 

Painter, Harry M., Almira and Beulah, Wash. 

Palm, William J., Minnehaha and Lynnhurst 
Mission, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Preiss, John M., Tolt, Wash. 

Rice, Guy H., Orchard Prairie, Wash. 

Saunders, Eben E., Heaton, No. Dak. 

Schawb, Elias F., Kansas City, Mo. 

Snape, William. Kennewick, Wash. 

Tilton, Frank P., Wallula, Wash. 

Tingle, Geo. W., Gentry, Ark. 

Tomlin, David R., Kirkland, Wash. 

Umstead, Owen, Ahtanum, Wash. 

Walker, Henry E., Rutland, No. Dak. 

Worthington, William, Beacon Hill, Seattle, 

Wrigley, Francis, Granite Falls, Minn. 
July, 1907. 

Baker, William H.. Bonifay, Fla. 

Barker, James I., Eclectic, Ala. 




Bates, George E., Birmingham, Ala. 

Bentson, Henry A., Paterson, N. J. 

Blackburn, John F., Atlanta, Ga. 

Blackwell, William, Spokane, Wash. 

Brewer, Win. F., Atlanta, Ga. 

Brooks, Wm. J., Oakwood, Ga. 

Brunk, William, Caryville, Fla. 

Burges, Edward J., Hennessey, Okla. 

Burkett, Casabiaca E., Rose hill, Ala. 

Butler, Elmer W., Ormond, Fla. 

Butler, Jessie C., Tallassee, Ala. 

Calhoun, John C., Farvvell, Texas. 

Carden, William J., Bremen, Ga. 

Clark, Ernest E., Plymouth, Penn. 

Clark, Orville C, Missoula, Mont. 

Comander, S., Franklin, Esto, Fla. 

Conway, James, Orange City, Fla. 

Cookman, Isaac, West Guthrie, Okla. 

Crabtree, Allan, Sherman, Texas. 

Davis, Travis, Naylor, Ga. 

Davis, Volentine T., Pruitt, Texas. 

Dreisbach, Charles H., Chelsea, So. Dak. 

Earl, Tames, Brownton, Stewart and Paynesville, 

Farr, John F.. Columbus, Ga. 
Fleming, Moses G., Colbert, Ga. 
Forrester, James C Hoschton, Ga. 
Futch, James M., Elarbee, Fla. 
Gibson, Nelson H., Florala, Ala. 
Gonzales, John B., Jennings, La. 
Graham, James M., Gate City, Ala. 
Grannis, George H., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Greib, Edmund, Seattle, Wash. 
Haring, E. E., Ernestus, Torrington, Wyo. 
Healey, Franklin D., Chewelah, Wash. 
Heines, Nils, Aberdeen, Wash. 
Hendley, Harry B., Tacoma, Wash. 
Hinckley, Ahbie R.. Fairfax, So. Dak. 
Holcombe, Gilbert T., Amarillo, Texas. 
Holman, Andrew J., Central, Ala. 
Home, Gideon, Gaillard, Ga. 
Hughes, John E., Seim and Rosebud, So. Dak. 
Ireland, E. S., Lopez Island, Wash. 
Jenney. E. W., Yankton, So. Dak. 
Jertberg, F. O., Perth Amboy, N. J. 
Judah, Solomon B., Cottondale, Fla. 
Kendall, Robert R., Sanford, Fla. 
Kilborn, Geo. L. W., Letcher and Loomis, So. 

Kilian, Miss Anna, Stockdale. Penn. 
King, Christopher C, Daculah, Ga. 
Knight, Albert D., Oberly, No. Dak. 
Koch, Rev. Oscar F., Chandler's Valley, Penn. 
Kovac, Andrew, Allegheny City, Penn 
Lamb, Wm. A., Seville, Ga. 
Leggette, Thomas, Alexandria, Ind. 
Lewis, J. Morgan, White Salmon, Wash. 
Livingston, Herbert R., Newport, Wash. 
Luke, Joshua C, Carbondale, Penn. 
Lvle, Andrew J., Ocee, Ga. 

McCallie, Thomas S., Chattanooga, Tenn. 

McCarthey, Samuel R., Spearfish, So. Dak. 

McConaughy, Frank, Kalama, Wash. 

McCoy, Clifford C, Vinton, La. 

McCoy, Robert C., Iowa, La. 

McCullough, C. E., Monterey, Penn. 

McKay, Charles G., Atlanta, Ga. 

McKay, R. A., Center and Stroud, Ala. 

Matthews, James L., Bear Head, Svea, Laurel 
Hill and Campton, Fla. 

Miller, Albert C, Willow Lake, So. Dak. 

Miller, Willie G., Deerland, Shoal River and Mt. 
Conels, Fla. 

Moya, J. M., Sau Mateo, New Mexico. 

Munson, Mark C, Flournoy Valley, Oregon. 

Nelson, Andrew P., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Newton, Howell E., Lindale, Ga. 

Nichols, J., Hennegar, Drummond, Okla. 

Noble, Mason, Lake Helen, Fla. 

Parker, Robert H., Lowell, Wash. 

Parks, Pascal, Shelvin, Foutenac, Nymore, Moose, 
Beaver, etc., Minn. 

Parr, Walter R., Anderson, Ind. 

Paulu, Auton, Vining, Iowa. 

Perkins, Mrs. Eliza B., Breckenridge, Okla. 

Perry, Augustus C, Sarepta, Ga. 

Pharr, Theodore A., Dothan, Ala. 

Potocnak, Miss Lizzie, Allegheny City, Penn. 

Powell, Richard, Olyphant, Penn. 

Ray, George W., Fort Worth, Texas. 

Read, James L., Stratton, Colo. 

Reed, David H., Evangelist in Washington. 

Richert, Cornelius, St. Paul Minn. 

Robinson, Joseph H., Columbus, Ga. 

Rominger, Henrv V., Red Lodge, Mont. 

Scherff, F. C. F., Norfolk, Neb. 

Schwabenland, John C, Cedar, Mills, Mountain- 
dale and Arcade, Ore. 

Scoggin, Alexander T., Cedartown, Ga. 

Searles, Geo. R., Herrick, So. Dak. 

Shelland, James C, Hopkins, Minn. 

Sinninger, Norman E., Hammond ,Ind. 

Smith, Arthur H., Cleveland and Medina, No. 

Smith, Green N., Baxley, Ga. 

Snyder, Harrv A., Washongal, Wash. 

Steele, Claude M., Rico, Colo. 

Stone, Oliver B., Calcasien Parish, Vinton, La. 

Stover, Wm. B., Alva, Okla. 

Taylor, Horace T., Anacortes, Wash. 

Tillman, Wm. H", Atlanta, Ga. 

Townsend, Stephen J., Interlachen, Fla. 

Trcka, Charles J., St. Paul, Minn. 

Vavrina, Vaclav, St. Louis, Mo. 

Veazie, Walter C, Dallas, Texas. 

White, Wm. D., Omega, Ala. 

Williams, Starr C, Atlanta, Ga. 

Woodcock, Albert C. Bagley, Minn. 

Young, Arthur G., Abercrombie, No. Dak. 


May, 1907 

MAINE— $15. 

Portland, St. Lawrence, 15. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE— $401.80. 

F. C. I. and H. M. Union, Miss A. A. Mc- 
Farland, Treas., 275. Berlin, 16.09; Dover, 1st 
S. S., 76.30; Hollis, 6.25; Harlboro, 14.36; 
Orford, 4.50; Pittsfield, 1.5s; Swanzey, 2.75; 
Troy, William P. Lowe, 5. 

VERMONT— $788.63. 

Bennington Center. 1st, 53; Brattleboro 
Center, 42. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. H. Thomp 
son, Treas. For salary of Missionaries: Bakers 
field, 2.3c.; Barre, L. U., 10; Barton, W. H. M 
S., 16: Barton Landing, W. H. M. S., 10; Bel 
lows Falls, Mt. Kilburn, M. S., 5; L. U., 15 
Bennington, No. W. H. M. S., 8; Brandon, 8 
Brattleboro, L. A., 14; Brattleboro, West, W. A. 
10; L. Assoc, 11; Burlington, Coll. St. W. M. S. 
15; Cabot. W. H. M. S., 6.40; Chelsea 
S. P. Bacon Benevolent Soc, 8; Y. P 
S. C. E., 2.75; Chester, W. H. M. S., 6; Corn- 

wall. W. H. M. S., 10; Coventry, W. H. M. S.. 
7: Craftsbury, No. W. M. S., 5-25; Dorset, W. 
M. S., 3; East, W. M. S., 430; Duxbury, So., 
A Friend, 5; Enosburg, W. H. M. S., 5; Essex 
Junction, Oppor. Circle, 6.65 ; Fair Haven, W. M. 
^,6; Fairlee, W. M. S., 10; Ferrisburg, W. M. 
S., 6; Glover, West, W. H. M. S., 12; Hard- 
wick, United Workers, 7.32; East, W. H. M. S., 
7.55; Teffersonville, W. H. M. S., 6; Leicester, 
W H. M. S., 2; Lowell, W. H. M. S., 7; Lud " 
low, W. H. M. S., 14; Lyndonville, W. M. S., 
8; Marshfield, W. M. S., 6; Middelbury, W. M. 
S 10; Milton, W. Assoc, 6 ; Monvpelier, Bethany, 
V ^,8; Newbury, W. M. S., 10; Newport, W. 
M S 15; Peacham, W. M. S., 10; Pittsford, W. 
M S . 1 1 ; Pomfret, L. C, 5 ; Poultney, East, 
W M S., 7.08; Randolph, Central C. E., 2; 
Richmond, W. M. S., 8; Royalton, Sarah Skinner 
Mem. Soc, 8.04; Rutland, W. M. S., 35 ; West 
W M S.. 8; Saxtons River, L. B. S., 6; Sheldon, 
W. M. S., 8.05; Shoreham, W. M. S., 0; Spnng- 
fieid. W. M. S.. 10; St. Albans, W. M. S., 12; 
St. Johnsbury, No. Ch.. W. A.. 17.77; So., Mrs. 
R. P. Fairbanks, 50; W. M. S., 25; Center, W. 




M S., 3; Stowe, Mrs. Abbe, 10; W. M. S., io; 
Sunbury, W. M. S., 1.50; Vergennes, W. M. S., 
12 ; Vermont, A Friend, 5 ; Wallingford, W. M. 
S., 7; Waterbury, W. M. S., 9.25; Wells River, 
W. M. S., 6.75; Westminster West, W. M. S., 
5 ; Whiting, W. M. S., 5 ; Williamstown, W. M. 
S., 7.^0* Wilmington, W. M. S., 5.90; Windsor, 
W. M. S., 14.22; Woodstock, W. M. S., 25. 
Total, $693.63. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $3,024.26; of which legac- 
ies, $1,235. 

Mass. Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. J. Coit, Treas., 
of which by request of donors, 780.92. Amherst, 
College, Ch. of Christ, 72.73 ; Bernardston, 
Goodale Memo., 5.57; Easton, Evan., 3.05; 
East Wareham. Mrs. S. B. Burgess, 5 ; Enfield, 
Estate of J. Woods, 80; Holbrook, Winthrop, 
300; Holyoke, B. N. Norton, 10; Hyde Park, 1st, 
A Friend, 10; Leominster, F. A. Whitney, 15; 
New Bedford, North, C. E., 25 ; Newburyport, 
Estate of Anna L. Coffin, 100; Northampton, 
Anna K. Gorham, 5; M. C, 15; Northbridge, 
Rockdale, 10; Norton, Trin., 8.49; Roxbury, 
Estate of A. S. Holmes, 2.50 Sheffield, 10; Sterl- 
ing, 14; Springfield, Estate of Elizabeth W. Mer- 
riam, 955; Stockbridge, 18; Turners Falls, Jr. C. 
E., 3; Walpole, 2nd. S. S., 14; Ware, Estate of 
Hannah S. Brown, 100; West Somerville, 8. 

Woman's H. M. Assoc, (of Mass. and Rhode 
Island), Miss L. D. White, Treas., 454. 

CONNECTICUT— $2,073.55; of which legacies, 

Ansonia, German C. E., 3 ; Branford, H. G. 
Harrison, 25 ; Bridgewater, Mrs. A. J. Bennitt, 
3 ; Brooklyn, Estate of H. D. Crosby,- 200 ; 
Cheshire, 41.35; Connecticut, A Friend, 7; Con- 
necticut, A Friend, 500; East Hartford, S. S. 
Primary, 11.69; Farmington, S. S., 6.22; Myron 
S. Johnson, 2; Groton, 18.12; Hartford, Estate 
of Daniel Phillips, .as; Windsor Ave., 84.31; 
Lebanon, A Friend, 10; Madison, 1st, 17.36; 
Middlebury, C. E., 12; Middletown, James H. 
Bunce, Jr., 10; Milford, 1st, 12.35; New Haven, 
Howard Ave., 32.15; Ch. of the Redeemer, 243.- 
88; S. S., 30; Norwich, Park Ch., Mrs. G. D. 
Coit, 25; Salisbury, 17.73; Stafford Springs, 
63.86; Tolland, 22.57; Woodbridge, 27.71. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. S. Thayer, 
Treas. Salary Fund, 291.25; Special, 175; 
Bridgeport, Girls' Circle, 10; Fairfield, Aux., 20; 
Hartford, 1st, Y. W. H. M. C, 65; Lebanon, 
Aux., Debt, 25; New Britain, 31; New Canaan, 
Jr. C. E. Soc, 5 ; New Haven, Ch. of the Re- 
deemer, 5 ; Newington, Aux., 3 ; South Windsor, 
1st, 2. Total, $632.25. 

NEW YORK— $1,094-25. 

Albion, S. S., 4.25 ; Angola, A. H. Ames, 5 ; 
Baiting Hollow, 11.68; Brooklyn, S. S. of Ch. of 
the Pilgrims, 20; Tompkins Ave. Branch S. S., 
20; Elizabethtown, 1st, 21; Flushing, Broadway, 
8; Friendship, 1st, 17; Groton, 1st, 31.73; Groton 
City, e : Mt. Sinai, 7.32; Mt. Vernon, S. S., 5-90 ; 
New York City, Broadway Tab. Bible School, 
25; Bethany, S. S., 20; Forest Ave., C. E., 5; 
E. F. Carrington, 5; Miss C. C. Noyes, 10; 
Rensselaer Falls, B. R. and St. Law. Assoc, 14.50; 
Spencerport, 4; Syracuse, Geddes, 8.61. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, 
Treas. For salaries of Missionaries : Brooklyn, 
Tompkins Ave., S. S., 30; L. B. S., 100; 
Central, L. B. S., 260; Clinton Ave., 88; Bush- 
wick Ave. L. A. S., 10; Puritan S. S., 25; Lewis 
Ave. C. E., 40; E. W. M. B., 50; Candor, L. G., 
8.85; DeRuvter, 6; Flushing, M. B., 
Special, 10; East Smithfield, Penn., Aux., 5-5o; 
Gloversville, L. B. A., 45 ; Honeoye, L. H. M. S., 
10; Miller Place, Mt. Sinai, 13; New York City, 
North Ch., to; Broadway Tab. S. W. W.. 28; 
Trinity, W. M. S., 12; Oswego, S. S., 10; Rens- 
selaer Falls, C. E.. 4.75; Seneca Falls, W. M. S., 
5; Syracuse, Geddes Ch. S. S., 3.41; Walton, 10; 
Warsaw, C. E., 10: Wellsville, W. M. S., 49-75- 
Total, $844.26. 

NEW TERSEY— $484-37- 

East Orange, 1st, 50.48; Swedes, 2.50; Newark, 

1st, S. S., 9.18; Westfield, 197.21. 

Woman's H. M. Union of the N. J. Assoc, 
Mrs. W. E. Buell, Treas., 195; Washington, D. 
C, 1st, 25 ; Baltimore, Md., Associate, 5. Total, 


Received by Rev. C. A. Jones, Cambridge 
Springs, Mrs. R. C. Quay, 2 ; Braddock, 1st, S. 
S., 3; Meadville, Park Ave., 63.15; Catasauqua, 
Welsh, 12 ; Titusville, Swedes, 3. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. David Howells, 
Treas. Edwardsdale, 5. 

Washington, 1st, 5. 

VIRGINIA— $10.44. 
Falls Church, 10.44. 

GEORGIA— $25. 

Atlanta, Central, Ladies' Union, 25. 

FLORIDA— $98.55. 

Esto, 1st, 6.50; Jacksonville, Union, 32.40; 
Melbourne, 50; Panasoffkee and Moss Bluff, 5.10. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. A. Lewis, 
Treas., Lanford, Aux., 4,55. 

TEXAS— $100. 

Port Arthur, 1st, 100. 

Chickasha, 1st, 15.35. 

OKLAHOMA— $3 1.57. 

Alva, Olivet, 10; Cashion, Deer Creek and 1st, 
1 ; Gage 1st, 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Cora Worrell, Treas., 


NEW MEXICO— $37.79. 

Albuquerque, 1st, 36.39; S. S., 1.40. 

ARIZONA— $30. 

Temple, 1st, 5; Tombstone, 1st, 10; Tuscon, 
1st, 15. 

Knoxville, Pilgrim, 26. 

OHIO— $34.50. 

Cleveland, H. J. Clark, 5 ; Mrs. L. D. Eldredge, 
3; Oberlin, Rev. N. W. Grover, 1.50; Mrs. P. L. 
Alcott, 25. 


Jamestown and Fremont, 5. 

ILLINOIS— $337.38. 

Illinois Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. R. B. Guild, 
Supt., 53.83; Moline, Mrs. A. Williams, 50; 
Seward, 35. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. H. Standish, 
Treas. Albion, S. S., 1.50; Bowen, S. S., 1.08; 
Chicago, Leavitt St. Star Band, 1.12; Elgin, 1st, 
W. S., 29; Ivanhoe, W. S., 11.45; Loda, W. S., 
3.75; Rockford, 2nd, W. S., 50.65. Total, $98.55. 

MISSOURI— $414.94. . 

Kansas City, Westminster, 318.11; L. W. Tab., 
2; St. Louis, 1st, 79.81; Ch. of the Redeemer, J. 
Thursby, 10: Reber Place, 5. 


Algonsee, 1st, A Friend, 5. 

IOWA — $2,093.95. 

Iowa Home Miss. Soc, by A. D. Merrill, Treas., 


MINNESOTA— $407.28. 

Received bv Rev. G. R. Merrill, D. D., Bel- 
grade. 24; Crookston. S. S., 35.53; Glenwood, 
14. 68; Minneapolis. Fifth Ave. S. S., 10; New 
Brighton. 5; Oak Park, 6; Pilgrim, 23.10; Ply- 
mouth, 156: St. Paul, Peoples, 45; S. S., 35; 
Sleepv Eye, 3 : Walker, 5.25. Total, $362.56. 

Akeley, 14.14; Audubon, .47; Brooks, .51; 




Burtrum, Swanville and Pillsbury, 6.66 ; Climax, 
.51; Dugdale, .92; Eldred, .67; Erskine, 1.31 ; Fel- 
ton, :.o6; Hackensack, 51; Kasota, Swedes, 2; 
Lake Park, 1.03; Mcintosh, .80; Maplebay, .82; 
Nymore, .81; Park Rapids, .05; Plummer, .44; 
Shevlin, .81; Turtle River, 2.02; Ulen, 3.30; 
Walker, 1st, 5.25 ; Winger, .63. 

NEBRASKA— $76.85. 

Nebraska Home Miss. Soc, by Lewis Gregory, 
Treas., 41.66; Indianola, 22.05; Inland, German, 
3.50; Santee, Pilgrim, 9.64. 

NORTH DAKOTA— $209.98. 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell, Cleveland, 
2.65; S. S., .72; C. E., .98; Hillsboro, 24.26; 
Mayville, 20.47; Melville, 6.15; Sykeston, 18.13; 
S. S., 2; C. E., 5. Total, $80.36. 

Carrington, 21.91; Fingal, 13-35 ; Re v. J. J. 
Le Febre, 5.54; Nome, Out Sta., 2.65; Seneca, 
3.46; Forman, 1st, 18; Sentinel Butte, 2.40. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. E. H. Stickney, 
Treas. Fargo, 1st, Mission Band, 4.06; For- 
man, W. S., 5; Valley City, Getchell, 50; Wahpe- 
ton, Conference, 2.25; Miss M. J. Perkins, 1. 
Total, $62.31. 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $502.69. 

Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall, D. D., Elk 
Point, 38.72; Springfield, 12.69; Wakonda, 15; 
Yankton, 105. Total, $171.41. 

Centerville, 5.15; Eureka, German, 27.10; 
Meckling, 1.50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. Loomis, Treas., 

Redfield, 14.21; Sioux Falls, German, 15; Val- 
ley Springs, 5. 

COLORADO— $382.17. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Arriba, 9.60 ; 
Denver, Assoc, 1; Flagler, 8.50; Fruita, 12.75; 
Grand Junction, 62.25; Highland Lake, 3; Long- 
mont, 39.22; Pueblo, Pilgrim, 2. Total, 138.32. 

Colorado City, 1st, 2.50; Colorado Springs, 
1st, 22.60; Denver, Pilgrim, .75; Fort Collins, 
German Brothers' Union, 50 ; Pueblo, Minnequa, 
1.65; Trving Place and Grove, 21.35. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. L. D. Sweet, 
Treas., Boulder, 20.45 ; Craig, 2.50 ; Colorado 
Sps., 1st, 50; 2nd, 10; Denver, Pilgrim, 5; Den- 
ver, Second, 2.05; Eaton, 20; Grand Junction, 20; 
Greeley, 10; Steamboat Sps., 5. Total, $145- 

WYOMING— $90.82. 

Guernsey, 12; Torrington,, 40.25. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Edith McCrum, Treas. 
Cheyenne, 1st, W. M. S., 19.05; Jr. C. E., 3.25; 
Douglas, 8.27; Wheatland, 8. Total, $38.57. 

IDAHO— $11. 

Troy, Swedish, 4. 

Woman's Miss. Union, by Mrs. G. W. Derr, 
Treas. Weiser, Aux., 7. 

OREGON— $240.05. 

Received by Rev. M. E. Thompson, Treas. 
Portland, 1st, 141.95; Sunnyside, 25. Total, 

Clackamas, 10; Forest Grove, 44.10; St. Johns, 
1st, 19. 

CALIFORNIA — $500. Legacy. 

Pomona, Estate of Salome H. Foxcroft, 500. 

NEVADA— $29.30. 
Reno, 1st, 29.30. 


Anacortes, Pile-rim, 5; Marysville, 1st, 3.71. 
Congregational Christmas Offering — $18.04. 
May Receipts. 

Contributions $11,667.37 

Legacies 1,950.00 


Interest 2,053.97 

Home Missionary 154.06 

Literature 10.86 

Total $15,836.26 

June, 1907. 


Deerfield, 5; Nashua, Pilgrim, 26.60; Reeds 
Ferry, W. J. Rockwood, 5. 

VERMONT— $267.68. 

Charlotte, 5.03; Hartford, Second, 17.86; 
Williston, S. S., 3.25 ; Westminster, West, 6.32. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. H. Thompson, 
Treas. Barnet, 6; Bellows Falls, Mt. Kilburn 
Soc, 5; Bennington, Second, 14; Brattleboro, 
West, 4.84; Burkington, First, 20; Coll. St., 2; 
Bristol, 5; Guildhall, 5; Highgate, Ch., 2.10; 
Hinesburg, 6.7c; Middlebury, 15; Northfield, 6; 
Norwich, 7 ; Pittsford, 28.25 ; Y. P. S. C. E., 5 ; 
Rupert, 8 ; Saxtons River, 5 ; St. Albans, 14.37 ; 
St. Johnsbury, No. Ch., 22.35; Springfield, 17.75; 
Scranton, 15; Waterbury, 4; Windham, 5; 
Winooski, 9 ; W. H. M. U., Expense Acct., 2.81 ; 
Total, $235.22. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $3,007.65; of which legacy, 

Mass. H. M. Soc, by Rev. J. Coit, Treas., 
1,622.07; Boston, H. Fisher, 200; Brockton, First, 
20; Brookline, Harvard S. S., Mr. Mills' class, 
25; East Longmeadow, First, 26.50; Groveland, 
15; Holbrook, Winthrop, 50; Leicester, A. S., 25; Leominster, F. A. Whitney, 15; 
Massachusetts, Friends, 150; Northampton, Estate 
of W. H. Harris, 5c; First, 237.96; Dorcas Soc, 
50; Newtonville, 125; North Wilbraham, Grace 
Ch., 19.97; Roxbury Immanuel Walnut Ave. S. 
S., 11.15; Salem, Tah.. A Friend, 100; South 
Dartmouth, 10; West Brookfield, A Friend, 3; 
Worcester, Union, 25. 

Woman's H. M. Association of Mass., L. D. 
White, Treas., 227. 

RHODE ISLAND— $280.33. 
Kingston, 280.33. 

CONNECTICUT— $10,517.43; of which legacies, 

Bridgeport, Park St., 221.95; Bristol, S. A. 
Whitlesey, 1 ; Chaplin, 4.77 ; Colchester, Mrs. G. 
L. Edwards, 1; Ellington, 46.54; Hartford, 
Farmington Ave., 80.22; Huntington, 19; Milford, 
First S. S., 10.36; New Fairfield, 5; New Haven, 
Dwight Place, 200 ; Bible School, 25 ; United, 
500; A Friend, 1,600; Norwich, Park, Mrs. A. C. 
Avery, 5; Prospect, 3.64; Salisbury, W. B. H. M., 
13.80; Saybrook, A Friend, 200 ;Stonington, First, 
16.49; Stamford, S. S., 10; West Haven, Estate 
of S. P. Beardslev, 3.66 ; Woodbury, Estate of C. 
W. Kirtland, 8,150. 

NEW YORK— $226.76. 

Briarcliff, S5. ,r 7; Brooklyn, Puritan, 10; Mrs. 
T. L. Bennett. 5: Canandaigua, S. S., 28.18; 
Cortland. H. E., Ranney, 100; New York City, 
Mrs. S. F. Blodgett, 25 ; Pelham, Covenant, 3.01. 

NEW JERSEY— $245.73. 

Dover, Beth. Scand., 1.50; Egg Harbor, Em- 
manuel, 5; Glen Ridge, . 153.13 ; Montclair, First 
S. S., 20; Newark, Belleville Ave., 43.52; First, 


Bra^dock, Slovak, 5; Carbondale, 1st 11; 
Edwardsdale, Bethesda. 4.28 ; S. S., 7 ; Phila- 
delphia, Central Ch., W. H. M. S., 10; Ridge- 
way, A Friend, 5. 

Washington, First Y. P. S. C. E., 25. 

ALABAMA— $4.10. 

Birmingham, Pilgrim, 4.10. 

Nashville, Union Ch. 

OKLAHOMA— $24.15. 

Received bv Rev. C. G. Murphy. Brecken- 
ridge, 2; Hastings, .87. Total, 2.87. 

Binger, First. 4.63 ; Oklahoma City, Harrison 
Ave., 6.65 ; Weatherford, Zions, German, 10. 

Fisk University, 15. 




OHIO— $18.89. 

Ohio H. M. Soc, by Rev. C. H. Small, 5; 
Oberlin, First Cong., 13.89. 


Received by Rev. A. E. Ricker. Alexandria, 
3; Lowell, Mrs. E. N. Morey, 5. 

ILLINOIS— $338.40. 

Illinois H. M. Soc, by Rev. R. B. Guild, 
337.40; Wheaton, Rev. J. P. Barrett, 1. 

MISSOURI— $162. 

Kansas City, First, 150; Meadville, 12. 

IOWA — $23.47. 

Iowa H. M. Soc, by A. D. Merrill, Treas., 
MINNESOTA— $744.93. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, D. D. 
Marshall, F. S. Cook, 25 ; Minneapolis, Mrs. J. 
S. Pillsbury, 50; Plymouth, 164.78; Rochester, 
97.51; Sauk Center, 9. Total, $346.29. 

Minneapolis, Fifth Ave., 60; Northfield, A, 
Friend, 50 ; Rainy River Valley, 3 ; St. Cloud and 
Sauk Rapids, Swedes, 3.25. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. M. Bristoll, 
Treas. Burtrum, Aux., 2; Duluth, Pilgrim, 10; 
Edgerton, Aux., 2.50; Excelsior, Aux., 2; Fair- 
bault, Y. P. S. C. E., 9; Aux., 8; Fergus Falls, 
Aux., 5 ; Glencoe, Aux., 7 ; Minneapolis, First 
Aux., 24; Plymouth, Aux., 11 1.50; Lyndale, Aux., 
12; Y. P. S. C. E., 5; Bethany, Aux., 2.50; 
Linden Hills, Aux., 5; New Ulm, Aux., 1.50; 
Northfield, Aux., 50; Round Prairie, Aux., 2; St. 
Paul Park, Aux., 12 ; St. Anthony Park, Aux., 
10; Wabash. Aux., 1.39. Total, $282.39. 

NEBRASKA— $38.66. 

Lincoln, Zions German, 10. 

Nebraska H. M. Soc, by Lewis Gregory, 
Treas., 41.66 ; Norfolk, Zion German Evan., 7. 

NORTH DAKOTA— $144.98. 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell. Barlow, 50; 
Colfax, C. E., 5 ; Fingal, 3 ; Jamestown, Assoc'n, 
5.40; Lucca, 1.65 ; McHenry, 20; Michigan, M. T. 
Scarf, 5; Mrs. C. Dunlop, .50. Total, $90.55. 

Blue Grass, St. Mark's, German, 15; Dawson, 
4; Glen Ullen, 1.50; Lawton and Adams, 6.28; 
Rutland, 5.65. 

Woman's H. M. Union. Cooperstown, Lad. 
Soc, 4.50; Crary, Lad. Soc, 12.50; Sykeston, 
5-oo. Total, $22. 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $76.36. 

Belle Fourche, 1st, 19.15; Brentford, 7.05; 
Gettysburg, 1.30; Ipswich, 10.25; Troy, 12.50; 
Clark, First S. S., 4.1 1; Gann Valley, 10; Java, 
German, A Friend, 5 ; Oacoma, 2 ; Selby, German, 
S- ' • • 

COLORADO— $55.83. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson. . Colorado 
Springs, 2nd, 420; Flagler, 1; Fruita, 18.17; 
Highland Lake, 7.50; Longmont, 1; Manitou, 
7.10; New Castle, 9.51; Thurman, .50. Total, 

Brighton, Piatt Valley, 6.85. 


Missoula, Swedes, 5. 

IDAHO— $25. 

Boise, W. M. A., 25. 

NEVADA— $5. 

Logan, Mr. and Mrs. O. G. Church, 5. 

CALIFORNIA— $26.35. 

South Cal. H. M. Soc, by S. H. Herrick, 
Treas., 26.35. 

OREGON— $14.50. 

Cedar Mills, German, 4 ; Mountaindale, Mrs. 
G. Schlaefli, 2; Portland, Laurelwood, 2.39; 
University Park, 6.1 1. 

WASHINGTON— $885.95. 

Dusty, German, Rev. H. Vogler, 2 ; Ritzville, 
German, 15; Zions, German, 10; Shelton, Mrs. 
S. M. Eells, 1.50. 

Wash. H. M. Soc, by Rev. H. B. Hendley, 
Treas. Aberdeen, First, 20 ; Forks, 5 ; McMil- 
lan, .50; Mt. Zion, 5.25; Spokane, Westminster, 
S. S.,26.70;* Seattle, Plymouth, 400; Special, A; 
W. Doland, 100; Special, F. E. B. Smith, 100; 
Special, L. J. Coleman, 200. Total, $857.45. 

CHINA— $100. 

Shanghai, Arthur H. Smith, 100. 

GUAM— $5. 

Guam, H. E. B. Case, 5. 

June Receipts. 

Contributions $9,187.37 

Legacies 8,203.66 

■ $i7»39i-03 

Interest 1,423.29 

Home Missionary 257.15 

Literature 7.67 

Total $19,079.14 

July, 1907. 
MAINE— $23.75. 

Skowhegan, W. M. S. of Cong. Ch., 23.75. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE— $461.45; of which legacy, 

New Hampshire H. M. S., 362.67 ; Ashland, 
Eliza E. Simmons, 1 : Bethlehem, 8 ; Milford, 
Estate of A. C. Crosbv, 25.77; Peterboro, 8.80; 
Plymouth, Mrs. P. C. " Reed, 5 ; West Concord, 
6.50; West Lebanon, 13.71; Wilton, Second, 30. 

VERMONT— $276.99. 

Vermont Domestic Miss Soc, 228.23; East 
Johnsbury, 3.50; Peacham, 41.26; Putney, 3; St. 
Johnsbury, Dea. Geo. Ranney, 1. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $11,327.13; of which lega- 
cies, $9,080.47. 

Cambridge, A Friend, 1,000 ; Canton, Evan., 
42.13; Deerfield, A Friend, 300; Dorchester, 
Estate of Mrs. E. J. W. Baker, 5,000; Greenfield, 
Estate of R. W. Cook, 57.36; Hampden, 18.50; 
Haverhill, A Friend, 5 ; Leominster, Orthodox Ch. 
Woodbury Fund, 120; F. A. Whitney, 15; 
Marlboro, Union S. S., 10; New Bedford, Trin. 
S. S., 10.04; Newburvport, Bible School of Pros- 
pect St. Ch., 3.89; Newton, First, 68.94; North- 
boro, 51.55; North Chelmsford, Rev. J. B. Cook, 
3 ; Peabody, South, 200 ; Rowley, 8 ; Salem, Tab. 
22.01; Pro Christo Soc, 10; Shirley, Abby G. 
Stevens, 472.31; Somerville, Estate of Mrs. L. E. 
Hartshorn, 500; Springfield, South, 40.25; Stur- 
bridge, S. E. Hyde, 15; Townsend, Estate of 
Walter J. Ball, 1,900; Ware, Silver Circle, 10; 
Warren, First, 40.40; Webster, Mrs. A. B. 
Church, .50; Y. P. S. C. E., 9.45; Whatlely, 
Estate of Mrs. C. A. Allis, 1,150.80; Winchester, 
Second, Do Something Band, 5 ; Worcester, T. 
Hamilton, 11. 

Woman's H. M. Assoc, by Miss L. D. White, 
Treas., 227. 

RHODE ISLAND— $150.85. 

Bristol, First, 34.85; Kingston, S. S., 10; 
Rhode Island, A Friend, 100; Woonsocket, Globe, 

CONNECTICUT— $1,118.74; of which legacy, 

Miss. Soc. of Connecticut, 127.46 ; Black Rock, 
36.41; Derby, Y. P. S. C. E. of First Ch., 14.90; 
East Glastenbury, Mrs. M. T. Hutchinson, 20; 
East Woodstock, 11; Greenwich, S. S., 2; Cong. 
Ch., 3T.58; Hartford, Warburton Chapel S. S., 
17.25; Estate of Susan Buck, 442.12; Ivoryton, 
15.40; Jewett City, Second, 9.23; Middletown, A 
Friend, 10; New Caanan, 37; New Haven, A 
Friend, 10; North Woodstock, 9; Norwich, Miss 
A. C. Avery, 5 ; Plainville, 44.06 ; Southington, 
First S. S.,'11.15; Taftville, 18.50; Washington, 
First, 90; West ' Hartford, First, 105.68; North 
Ch., 23 ; A Friend, 25 ; Westminster, 5. 

NEW YORK— $1,829.19; of which legacy, 

Angola, S. H. Ames, 5 ; Binghamton, Mrs. H. 
C. Osterhout, 25; Brooklyn, Clinton Ave., 807.99; 




Estate of H. G. Combes, 468.75; Canaan Four MINNESOTA— $396.81. 

Corners, 7; Canandaigua, 46; Churchville, 15.37; Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, D. D., Benson, 

Groton City, Y. P. S. C. E., 1; Hamilton, Mrs. 10; Campbell, 4; Minneapolis, Pilgrim, 20; Ply- 

E. Mann, 25 : Lisbon, S. S., 3.29 ; Maine, First, mouth, 60 ; Geo. R. Rust, 25 ; Wellesley College, 

4; Newark Valley, First, 5.16; New York City, Mass. Christian Assoc, 50; Montevideo, 75; 

K., 125; Phoenix, S. S., 3.60; Randolph, A. G. Morristown, 6; Northfield, Rev. J. W. Strong, 

Dow, 10: Richmond Hill, Union Ch., 35; Walton, D. D., 25; Round Prairie, Dr. J. F. Locke, 10; 

237.03; West Camden, Mrs. H. M. Green, 2; St. Charles, 1.50; St. Paul, Olivet, 10.60; West 

West Winfield, Immanuel, 3. Duluth, Plymouth, 7. Total, $304.10. 

Beard, .82; Fontinac, 1.59; Moose, .49; Ny- 

NEW JERSEY — $242.63. more, .2.5; Shevlin, .65; Brownton, 3.40; Stewart, 

East Orange, First, 51.63; Montclair, M. H. 3; S. S., 2.50; Cannon Falls, Swedes, 2.50; Fair- 

H., 52.50; Newark, Belleville Ave., 1.50; Upper mont, 39; Mcintosh, 5; New York Mills, 2; 

Montclair, Christian Union Ch., 137. North Branch, 1st, 2.50; Owatonna, 11.76; Spring 

Valley, First, 7.25; Waterville, 1st, 10. 

PENNSYLVANIA— $292.39; of which legacy, KANSAS— $45 56* 

'Charleston, 7; DuBois, Swedes, 3.75; Fountain Kansas Cong. Home Missionary Society, 45.56. 

Springs, 4.14: Mt. Carmel, S. S., 5; Pittsburg, N T7RT?a SK" A t.^x* 

Swedes, I0 ; G. H. Christy, 250; Estate of Ellen NEBRASKA— $45.16., 

P Tones 1250 Nebraska Home Missionary Society, 41.66; In- 

' land, German, 3.50. 

GEORGIA— $102. NORTH DAKOTA— $88.03. 

Received by Rev. F. E. Jenkins, State Home Received by Rev. G. J. Powell, Getchell, 4.50; 

Miss. Committee, 100; Lindale, 2. Hankinson, C. E., 4; Jun. C. E., 2; Paradise Val- 

t-t^->t-,tt^» ' e y> S; Tappen, 5; Valley City, .50; Wahpeton, 

FLORIDA— $49.57 60./15; Buso, .26; Plaza, 1.32; Michigan City, W. 

Bonifay, New Home, and Caryville, New Ef- M. 'Soc, 4; Richardson, W. M. Soc, 1. 
fort, .50; Chipley, Shilo, 3; Interlachen, 3; Rev. 

S. J. Townsend, 5; Ormond, Ladies' Aux., 8.50; S<~»tjtH DAKOTA— $171.63. 

St. Petersburg, First, 15.82; Sanford, 13.75. Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall, Geddes, 30; 

Milbank, 15.03; Springfield, 2; Aberdeen, Ply- 

ALABAMA — $1. mouth, 3.50; Academy, 37.50; Columbia, 18.49; 

Dothan, Newton's Chapel, 1. Houghton, 8.36; De Smet, 1st, 5; Draper and 

Murdo, 2.25; Eureka, German, 17; Mackling, 2; 

LOUISANA — $7. Pleasant Valley and Duncan, 10.50; Waubay, 20. 

Iowa, 2; New Orleans, University Ch., 5. COLORADO— $149.83. 

TEXAS *■: Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Denver, Pil- 

7. %u ■ »• -c- . t? 11 tj „■« grim, 13; Longmont, 35; Eton, Men's Kingdom 

Corpus Christie, First, 2; Farwell, 1.25; Pruitt, 5. " ' . 6 ' c 6 ' .t?i__.i,, ' ,„ r „ . TTniintain 

_ c r ' 1 • ai > Extension Soc, 33.50 ;rlagler, 10.50; fountain, 

' 75 ' 1st, 2.33; Hot Sulphur Springs, 1st, 4.50; Mont- 

OKLAHOMA— $27.10. rose > 5°; Whitewater, Union, 1. 

Received by Rev. C. G. Murphy, Drummond, WYOMING $5 

? T ?°. ; Enid, 3: Turkey Creek, .90; Coldwater and Sheridan, Woman's Missionary Soc, 5. 
Hillsdale, 3 ; Waukomis, Plymouth, 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union of Qkla., 12.50. IDAHO— $17. 

Pocatello, Woman s Miss. Aux., 12; Drew 

ARIZONA— $10. Standrod, 5. 

Nogales, Trinity, 10. CALIFORNIA— $60.74- 

TENNESSEE — $8. Southern California H. M. S., 60.74. 

Woman's H. M. Union of Tennessee, 8. 

„ Iim A OREGON— $21.20. 

OHIO — $10. Beaverton, 3.70; lone, 1st, 1; Lebanon, A 

Greenwich, M. Mead. 10. Friend, 14; Salem, Central, 2.50. 

INDIANA— $2.61. WASHINGTON— $104.75- 

Ontario, 1.11; Shipshewana, 1.50. Bellevue, 12.40; Lakeside, 1st, 7.90; Meyers 

ILLINOIS— "ST? « Falls and Bossburg, 1: Orchard Prairie 6 ; Puy- 

Galva First 12 « all »P> Plvmouth, 3; Seattle, 24; Beacon Hill, 4; 

uaiva, .first, 12.25. Cohunbia Station, Life Member, 4 -5o; South 

MISSOURI— $5.29. Bend, 1st, 14.20; Sunnyside, 1st, 25; Wallula, 1st, 

Kansas City, Rev. F. L. Johnston, 4.29; St. 2.75. 

Joseph, Plymouth, 1. »,«.„_- t,t/-/-> * 

PORTO RICO — $10. 

MICHIGAN — $10. La Plaza, Miss A. I. Hazelton, 10. 

Bangor, Mrs. H. W. Chester, 5 ; Ypsilanti, W. 

H. M. Union, 5. July Receipts. 

WISCONSIN-$i 3 . Contributions $ ^' 2o'6i 

Received by Rev. O. C. Grauer, Danish, Eau legacies . iu.u^. ^ g „ 

Claire, Danish, 2; Madison, Danish, 5; Milwau- T . 200848 

kee, Danish, 5: Waupun, Mrs. A. C. Hillyer, 1. ^m" MisVioAa^: \ .' \ \ '. \"\". '. 'ioV-4° 

IOWA— $57.12. Literature I2 -°7 

Iowa Home Missionary Society, 57.12. A «. 

0/ Total $19,379-62 


MASSACHUSETTS HOME MISSIONARY Brookfield, Brookfield Con., 4-51; Charlemont, 

SOCIETY i^t, 7; Easthampton, 1st, 22.04; *almoutn, 

Barnstable Con., 2.25; Fitchburg, Finn., 5.50; 

Receipts in May, 1907. Foxboro, Bethany, 23.90; Frarmngham, So Grace, 

S S, 18.12; Franklin, 16.97; Freetown, Assonet, 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston. 3.35;' Gurney Fund, Income of, 37-5o; Hade 

Andover, Richards, Mrs. S. B., 25; Becket, Fund, Income of, 50; Hatfield, 41-85; Haverhill, 

No., 15; Boston, Phillips, 39.52; Immanuel Wal- Center, 39; Hawley, W., 4-6°; Holyoke, 2nd., 

nut Ave. C. E., 3; West Roxbury, So., 45; 250; Hyde Park, 1st, 19.80 ; .S. S., 19- L-ynn- 

Anatolia Club, 20; E. Braintree, Union, 33.35; field, Center, 18.15; Lym. 1st, 3-55! Maiden, 




Vystic Side, 5.57 ; Maynard, Finn, 1; Friend, 25; 
Melrose, Highlands, 51.53; Orthodox, 65; Middle- 
boro, North, 30.77 ; Millbury, Worcester So. Con., 
47.91; Millis, 5; Milton, 29.32; Monson, E. G. B. 
M., 5; Newton, Auburndale, 355.91; Center, 1st, 
100; New Marlboro; Mill River, 6.50 ; New Salem, 
4.37; No. Attleboro; Oldtown. 6.25; Northbridge, 
Whitinsville, 2.031.62; Est. W. H. Whitin, 500; 
No. Brookfield, 4S.51 ; Oakham, 31; Quincy, 
Finn, 2.03; Reading, 1st, 15; Reed Fund, In- 
come, t6; Rochester, Ea., 5; Rutland, 1st, 10.61; 
Sandwich, S. S., 4; Sisters' Fund, Income of, 80; 
Taunton. Ea., 8.2S ; Townsend, 13.54; Wakefield, 
31.68; Ware, 1st. 17.25; Westboro, Est. Harriet 
Cady, 900.04; Westwood, Islington, 1; Whitcomb 
Fund, Income of, 280.40 ; Whitin Fund, Income 
of, 100; Willis Fund, Income of, 8.50; Woburn, 
No. 12.90; Worcester, Old South, 118.43; Ply- 
mouth, 146 ; Designated for Missionary in Mr. 
Gray's field, Pittsfield, 1st, 400. 

W. H. M. A., Lizzie D. White, Treasurer. 

Salaries, American Inter. College, 140 ; for 
Italian worker, 80; for Polish worker, 70; for 
Emmanuel Church, Springfield, 25 ; for Student 
Aid, Amer. Inter. College, 75. 


Regular $5,864.13 

Designated for Mr. Gray 400.00 

W. H. M. A 390.00 

Home Missionary 6.60 

Total $6,660.73 

Receipts in June, 1907. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston. 

Agawam, Feeding Hills, 13; Amherst, 2nd, 
6.50; Arlington, Estate Maria E. Ames, 140; 
Ashby, 22.35; Belmont, Waverly, 27.71; Berkley, 
10; Billerica, 27.25; Boston, S. P. Cook, 5; 
Brighton, Pro Christo Club,, 5; Charlestown 
Winthrop, 9.60; Dorchester, 2nd, 10; Immanuel- 
Walnut Ave. S. S., 10.43 ; Braintree, 1st, 22.91 ; 
Lad. H. M. Soc, 39; Brookline, Leyden, 245.90; 
Cambridge, Pilgrim, 34.36; Cape, Finns, 8.30; 
Chicopee, 1st, 4; Erving, 1.35; Fitchburg, Finn, 
5.52; Rollstone, 39.54; Hale Fund, Income of, 
50; Hamilton, 9.67; Hanson, 1st, 3; S. S., 1.16; 
Hingham, 50.56; Holbrook, Winthrop, 65.02; 
Ipswich, 1st, 13.25; Junior Aid, 5; Lawrence, 
Samuel White, 100; Lynn, No., 64.23; C. E., 12; 
Maiden, Maplewood, 11; Maynard, 30; Finn, 
1.50; Medway, W., 20: Milford, Hopedale, 77.19; 
Newburyport, No. S. S., 2.65 ; Estate Anna L. 
Coffin, 100; Northampton, Florence. 22.13; Nor " 
wood, 1 st Prim. Dept. S. S., 5; Quincy, Finn, 
1.52; Reed Fund, Income of, 80; Rochester, 
1st, 32; Shelburne Falls, 123.50; Springfield, 
Olivet, 15.80; Sturbridge, Fiskedale, 20; Taun- 
ton, Union, 22.20; Wellesley, Mrs. B. Codwise, 
5; Westfield, 2nd, 25; Weymouth, No. Pilgrim, 
18; Whitcomb Fund, Income of, 165; Whitney 
Fund, Income of, 210; Winchester, 1st, 200; 
Woburn, Scand. Free, 6; Worcester, Finn, 1.50; 
Designated for Italian work, Brookline, Harvard, 
S. S.. 25. 

W. H. M. A. Salaries, Amer. International Col- 
lege, 70 ; Designated for the college, Springfield, 
Emmanuel, 5 ; for Italian worker, 40 ; for Polish 
worker, 35. 


Regular $2,256.60 

Designated for Italian work 25.00 

W. H. M. A 150.00 

Home Missionary loo 

Total $2,432.60 

Receipts in July, 1907. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston. 

Athol, 52; Beauvais Fund, Income of, 50; 
Boston. Mrs. I. Bennett, 50: Boylston, Ellis 
Mendell Fund, 30; Roxbury. Highland. E. C. D. 
Band. 10; Union. 102. <;o; Brockton, M. B. Mc- 
Donald, 5 ; Brookline, Harvard, 88.82 : Cambridge, 
1st S. S., 15; Primary S. S., 4; Pilgrim, 9.35; 

Chatham, 5.63; Chester, 1st, 3.63; Chesterfield, 10; 
Chicopee, 1st, 13; Clark Fund, Income of, 30; 
Everett, Courtland St., 20.11, S. S., 2.99; Junior 
C. E., 3; Farley, Union, 4.25; Fitchburg, Finn, 
7.03; The Cape, 7.59; Framingham, So. Grace, 
109.24; Frost Fund, Income of, 50; General 
Fund, Income of, 99.50; Gloucester, Lanesville, 
60; Granby, 15.73; Greenfield, 2nd, 38.59; Gurney 
Fund, Income of, 50; Hadley, 1st, 22.08; Har- 
wich, 1st, 14; Holland, Lad. H. M. Soc, 5; 
Hyde Park, 1st, 39.18; Clarendon Hills, 5; Jes- 
sup Fund, Income of, 150; Kingston, Mayflower, 
16; Lawrence, Trinity, 17.54; Leicester, 1st, 
19.32; Maynard, C. E.", 5; "Mendell Fund," In- 
come of, 125; Middleboro, Central C. E., 5; 
Monterey, 13.13; New Boston, 8; Newton, Au- 
burndale. Friend, 10; Eliot, 90; 1st, 57.93; 
Northbridge, Whitinsville, S. S., 134. 11; Phila- 
delphia, 5 ; Phillipston, 10 ; Pittsfield, 1st. 19.75 > 
Plymouth. Pilgrimage, 57.09; Q .incy, Finn, 1.50; 
Randolph, 1st, 131.34; Reed Fund, Income of, 
76.25: Rockport, is 1 -, 5; Sandwich, 17.72; Saugus, 
12; Sharon, 23.31; Sisters' Fund, Income of, 120; 
Springfield, Olivet, 16; Uxbridge, 1st, 25.72; 
Warren, 1st, 7195; Wellesley Hills, 80.71; West- 
boro, Estate H. S. Cady, 140; West Stockbridge, 
Village, 19.43; Whitcomb Fund, Income of, 172.- 
50; Whitin Fund, Income of, 120; Whiting 
Fund, Income of 20; Whitman, 16.87; Williams- 
burg, Haydenville, 5.80; Worcester, Finn, 8.22; 
Piedmont, 3; Plymouth, 54.55; Yarmouth, 20; 
Designated for Italian work, Boston, Dorchester, 
2nd S. S., s; E. C. D Band, 5; Wellesley 
Hills, A. C. Hills, 25 ; E. C. Hood, 9.45 ; Mass. 
Designated for Tent at Northfield, Mass., Friend, 
75; Friend, 11; Designated for Debt, C. H. M. 
S., Boston, G. S., 250. 

W. H. M. A., Lizzie D. White, Treasurer. 
Salaries, Italian^ worker, 40; Polish worker, 35; 
for Italian Mission, 7. 


Regular $2,802.65 

Designated for Italian work 44-45 

Designated for Special Tent, etc 86.00 

Designated for C. H. M. S. debt 250.00 

W. H. M. A. Salaries 75.00 

W. H. M. A. Special for Italian work.. 7.00 

Home Missionary 2.50 

Total $3,342.60 


Receipts in May. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 

Canterbury, 1st, 8.70; Colchester, 3.50; Corn- 
wall, 2nd, C. E., Special for Connecticut work, 
10; Hartford, Farmington Ave., 53.57; 2nd, 400; 
Meriden, 1st, Rev. Joel S. Ives, Personal, for 
Italian work, 10: Middletown, 1st, 27.44; Mont- 
ville, 3.80; New Haven, 1st, Special, 2,042.46; 
Grand Ave., 40; Redeemer, for Italian work, 25; 
North Branford, 1st, T8.94; North Madison, 8.03; 
Old Saybrook, 5.90; Plainfield, 1st, 3.75; Pom- 
fret, 1st, 9.70: S. S., for Italian work, 2< ; South 
Glastonbury, 3 ; South Killinsrly, 4 ; Stamford and 
Greenwich, Swedish, 6 ; Thomaston, Special, 
42.88; Trumbull, Ch. and S. S., 24.45; C. E., 7; 
Washington, 1st, 28.7=;: Westport, S. S., 2.54; 
Winsted, 2nd, 231.29; W. C. H. M. U. of Conn., 
Mrs. George Follett, Secretary, 97.50; for work 
among foreigners in Conn., 91.32; Meriden, 1st, 
Cheerful Givers, for work among foreigners, 2; 
New Britain, South, PI. M. S., for Italian work, 
25. Total. $3,261.52. 

Designated $2,273.66 

Undesignated 987.86 $3,261.52 

Receipts in June.* 

Ward W. Jacobs. Treas.. Hartford. 

Bloomfield, C. E., 5 ; Ch. and S. S., Special, 
20.36; Branford, 60; Bridgeport, 1st. 103.42; 
Chester. 14.72; Cornwall. 2nd, 60; Ellington, 
46.53: Exeter, 22.80; Hartford, 1st, 140.91; S. S., 

Connecticut receirits for July, accidentally 
omitted, will appear in the October number. 




14.35; Kensington, for Italian work, 15; Meriden, 
Center, 50; Montville, Mohegan, 2.62; New 
Haven, Humphrey St., 54.04; Rockville, Union, 
78.17; Bible School for Italian work, 15-54; 
Shelton, S. S., 28.11; Sherman, 25; Somersville, 
3.25; Stamford, ist, 23.99; W. C. H. M. U. of 
Conn., for foreign work in conn., 10. Total, 

Designated $60.90 

Undesignated 732.91 $793-8i 


Receipts in May. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer, Concord. 

Bath, 3.35: Brentwood, 3.46; North Hampton, 
8.40; NoVth Weare, 6.88; Penacook, 14; Wake- 
field, 12. Total, $48.09. 

Receipts in June. 

Chester, 5.66; Walpole, 28.73; E - Jaffrey, 
16.50; Campton, 6.65; Manchester, 300; Pelham, 
30; Raymond, 15. Total, $402.54. 

Receipts in July, 1907. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer, Concord. 

Bethlehem, 2.00; Boscawen, 10.47; Derry, 
42.12; Hillsboro Bridge, 34; Keene, 29.76; 
Nashua, 70.05; New Castle, 4; Salmon Falls, 20; 
Tilton, 55. Total, $267.40. 


Receipts in May. 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer. \ 

Jamesport, 3.25 ; Lakewood W. M. S., 6 ; New 
York: Claremont Park, 15; Oswego, 30; Rocky 
Point, Mrs. Annie A. Hallock, 10; Savannah, 
10.10; Seneca Falls, 15-63; S. S., 2.34; Sloan, 
5: Summer Hill, 20; W. H. M. U. as follows: 
Bating Hollow Y. P. S. C. E., 12.50; Brooklyn: 
Central L. B. S., 400; Clinton Ave. W. S., 4; 
Thompkins Ave. W. M. S., 21.25; Buffalo: 
Niagara Square, Mrs. E. Curtis, 5 ; Greene, L. S., 
28; Niagara Falls W. M. S., 10; Ogdensburg 
W M. S., 30; Richmond Hill S. S., 5; West 
Groton, W. M. S., 10. Total, $643.07. 

Receipts in June, 1907- 

Clavton S. Fitch, Treasurer. 

Brooklyn, Bushwick Ave., 15; Gaines, 20.31; 
Lakewood, 8; Tuckahoe, 1726; Watertown, 8.30; 
West Winfield, 5915; W. H. M. U., 10; New 
York, a Friend, 15. Total, $153-02. 

Receipts in May, 1907. 

Rev. Chas. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 

Ashtabula, Finnish, 5; Cincinnati, Storrs, Per., 
2.50; Lawrence St., 18; Cleveland, Franklin 
Ave, 21.50; Chardon, 10.45; Fredericksburg, 
3.85; Kelloggsville, 5; "P. L. A." Oberlin, 25; 
Richfield, Oak Hill Branch, 3; Secretary, Pul- 
pit Supply, 45; Steubenville, 7; Sylvania, 11.60; 
Toledo, Second, 24.76; Washington St., 9-4i ; 
Youngstown, Plymouth, Dr. Thomas, 10. Total, 

From Ohio Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. 
George B. Brown, Treasurer, Toledo, O. 

Akron, West, W. M. S., 2.20; Berlin Heights, 
W M S , 2.80 : Cincinnati, Old Vine, W. M. S., 
5.20; Walnut Hills, W. M. S., 8; Clarksfield, W. 
M. S.. 1.40; Cleveland, Bethlehem W. M. S., 5; 
Mt Zion, 4.20; Collinwood, W. M. S., 4-2°; 
Columbus, North W. M. S., 1.70; Conneaut, W. 
AI S, <:• East Cleveland. W. M. S., 2.80; Elyria, 
First, silver fund, W. M. S., 5; Geneva W. M. 
S., 13.33: Ironton, W. M. S.. 17-35 : Lindenville, 
W M. S., 2.80: Lorain, First, W. M. S., 7; 
Marietta, Harmar, W. M. S., 5: First, 10.50; 
New London, W. M. S., 5; Painesville, L. E. 
Coll, 4.75; Ridgeville, Coiners, W. M. S., 1.90; 
Sylvania, W. M. S., 2.80; Toledo, Cent. W. M. 
S., 7;Plymouth, L. G., 5.75; Youngstown, Elm 

St. W. M. S., 7. Total, $137.68. Grand total, 

Receipts in June. 

Rev. Chas. H. Small, Treas. 

Alexandria, 8; Barberton, 8; Brighton, 3.40; 
Cleveland, Hough, 72.04; Special, 1; Columbus, 
Plymouth, 17.10; Hamden, 10; Hamilton, 7; In- 
terest on Medina Fund, 42 ; Nelson, 6.50 ; Roots- 
town, 13.40; Springfield, ist, 10.50; Toledo, 
Washington St., 3.27. Total, $202.21. 

From Ohio W. H. M. Union, Mrs. George B. 
Brown, Treas., Toledo, Ohio. Cleveland, Euclid 
Ave.,. W. M. S., 18.75; Radnor, W. M. S., 5.00. 
Total, $23.75. Grand total, $225.96. 

Receipts in July, 1907. 

Rev. Chas. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 

Andover, 3; Atwater, 13.45; Columbus, ist, 
150; Jefferson, 26.25; Justus, 3; Litchfield, 12; 
Martins Ferry, 6.15; Mt. Vernon, 20; Oberlin, 
! st, 59.31; 2nd, 20.83; Parkman, 7; Radnor, 10; 
South Radnor, 5; Toledo, Central, 57. Total, 

From Ohio W. H. M. Union, Mrs. George B. 
Brown, Treas., Toledo, Ohio. 

Akron, Y. L., 25; Burton, W. M. S., 4.78; 
Canfield, Personal, 2 ; W. M. S., 1 ; Cincinnati, 
W. M. S., 5; Cleveland, ist, W. A. 20; Plymouth, 
2.60; Plymouth, Silver Fund, 4.40; Columbus, 
Plymouth, W. M. S., 28.50; Conneaut, J. C. E., 
6.65 ; Elyria, ist, W. A. 5 ; Fredericksburg, C. E., 
2.50; Hudson, W. A. Silver Fund, 15.75; Mans- 
field, ist, W. M. S., 44.80; Newport, Ky., W. M. 
S., 10; North Fairfield, C. E., 3; Oberlin, 2nd, 
L. S., 12; L. S., Silver Fund, 5; Tallmadge, C. 
E., 3.1s; Toledo, ist, W. M. S., 50; Williams- 
field, W. M. S., 3. 

Total $254.13 

General total $647. 1 2 

Receipts from April 17 to July 5, 1907. 

Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer. 

Ada, 2d, 1.50; Allegan, S. S., .67; Ann Harbor, 
95.45; Bangor, ist, W. M. S., 5; Beacon Hill, 2; 
Breckenridge, 10.30; Carsonville, 2; Charlotte, 
30 ; Chase, 2 ; Conklin, 3.42 ; Custer, 2.30 ; Detroit 
ist, 500; Echo (Vance District), .75; Essexville, 
1 : Essexville S. S., 2.25 ; Grand Blanc, 1 ; Grand 
Rapids, ist, 25; Grand Rapids, 2nd, 10; Hancock, 
90.92; Hancock S. S., 50; Hersey, 2; Hudson S. 
S., 5.40; Ironton, 2; Johnstown and Barry, 10; 
Lamont, 15; Linden, 3.20; Merrill, 5; Ovid, 
32.66 ; Owosso, 40 ; PeYry, 2 ; Pickney, 7.78 ; Port 
Sanilac, 2 ; Prattville, 3 ; Rockwood, 3 ; Rosedale, 
13.25; St. Johns, 71.85; St. Joseph, 73.30; 
Traverse City, 25.50; Traverse City Mission, 2; 
Tyrone, q; West Adrian, 20; Williamston S. S., 
2 ; Congregational Home Missionary Society, on 
Conpact of 1896-7, 2,558.92; Interest on Per- 
manent Funds, 37.50; New York Fund, M. I. 
Brabb, Romeo, 20; H. S. Mills, Benzonia, 20; 
W. M. S. of Hancock, 20 ; J. M. Wagner of Han- 
cock, 200; Congregational Michigan, 39.35; W. 
H. M. U. of Michigan per Mrs. A. H. Stoneman, 
Treas., 449.30. Total on current year, $4,350.57. 

Reported at the National Office in May, June, 
July, 1907. 
Conway, Mass., Lad. Aid Soc, 1 bbl., 50; E. 
Houghton, Conn., King's Daughters, 2 bbls., 20 ; 
Harwinton, Conn., Lad. Aid Soc, 1 box, 23 ; 
Homer, N. Y., Ch., 1 box, 41.73; Montclair, N. 
J., Mon. Mis. Soc, ist Ch., 2 boxes and 1 bbl., 
430.60; W. H. M. S., ist Ch., 1 box, 25; Mt. 
Vernon, O.. W. M. S., ist Ch., 1 box and 1 bbl., 
115; New Haven, Conn., Lad. H. M. S., ist Ch., 
9 boxes, 1,668.11; Simsbury, Conn., Lad. H. M. 
S., 1 bbl., 52.60 ; St. Johnsbury, Vt Worn. As. 
North Ch., 1 box, 86 ; Torrington, Conn., Lad. 
Ben. Soc, Center Ch., 2 boxes and money, 
119.72. Total, $2,229.26. 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 


OHARLES a. MILTS, H.D.. Pr««tA»t»t 

H. CLARK FORD, Vice-President 

General Secretary Associate Secretary 

JOSEPH B. CLARK, D. D., Editorial Secretary 

CHARLES S. MILLS, D. D., Chairman .Missouri ,.<GE R. LEAVITT, D. D Wisconsin 


GEORGE E. HALL, D. D New Hampshire V1R. EDWARD TUCKER Kansas 


S. H. WOODROW, D. D Washington, D. C. FRANK T. BAYLEY. D. D Colorado 


REV." IT. H. KELSEY Connecticut L. H. HALLOCK, D. D Minnesota 

S. PARKES CADMAN, D. D New York ' R. A. F. WHITIN Massachusetts 

MR. W. W. MILLS Ohio E. L. SMITH, D. D Washington 

W. E. BARTON, D. D Illinois ' ~v. LIVINGSTON L. TAYLOR... New York 

E- M. VITTUM, D. D No. 'Dakota W. H. DAY, D. D So. California 

HUBERT C. HERRING, D. D., Chairman 
Une Year Two Years 

harry p. dewey, d. d. t >. hmrs g. cannon 

mr. william b. rowland mr. w. winans freeman 

mp. tohn f. huntsman "f,v. henry h. kelsey « 

mr. w. e. lougee rev. lewis t. reed 

Field Secretary, REV. W. G. PUDDEFOOT, South Framingham, Mass. 


Moritz E. Eversz, D. D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Chicago, 111. 

Rev. F. Risberg, Supt. of Swedish Work, 8t Ashland Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. O. C. Grauer, Supt. of Dano-Norwegian Work " 
Rev. Chas. H. Small, Slavic Department, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Rev. A. E. Ricker Indianapolis, Ind. Rev. G. J. Powell Fargo, N. Dak. 

Geo. R. Merrill, D. D Minneapolis, Minn. Rev. H. Sanderson Denver, Colo. 

Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr.... West Seattle, Wash. J. D. Kingsbury, D. D. ...(New Mexico, Arizona, 

Rev. W. B. D. Gray Cheyenne, Wyo. 1 Utah and Idaho), Salt Lake City. 

Frank E. Tenkins, D.D., The South. .Atlanta, Ga. Rev. Chas. A. Jones, 75Essex St., Hackensack, N. T. 

W. H. Thrall, D. D . Huron, S. Dak. Rev. C. G. Murphv Oklahoma City. 

Goo. L. Todd, D. D Havana, Cuba. 


Rev. Charles Harbutt, Secretary. -Maine Missionary Society 34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

W. P. Hubbard, Treasurer " " Box 1052, Bangor, Me. 

Rev. E. R. Smith, Secretary... New Hampshire Home Missionary Society Concord, N- H. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer ' •' Concord, N. H. 

Chas. H. Merrill, D.D., Secretary. Vermont Domestic " " " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

J. T. Richie, Treasurer " " .St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

F. E. Emrich, D.D., Secretary. .Massachusetts " ....609 Cong'l House, Boston, Mass. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer... " " " 609 Cong'l 3ouse, Boston, Mass. 

Rev. J. H. Lyon, Secretary .... Rhode Island Home Missionary Society Central Falls, R. I. 

Jos. Wm. Rice, Treasurer " " " " Providence, R. I. 

Rev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary ... .Missionary Society of Connecticut Hartford, Conn. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer.... " " '. " Hartford, Conn. 

Rev. C. W. Shelton, Secretary .. New York Home Miss. Society. .Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 
Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer.... " " " " " ..Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 

Rev. Charles H. Small, Secretary. Ohio " " Cleveland, Ohio 

Rev. Charles H. Small, Treasurer. " " " " " Cleveland, Ohio 

Rev. Roy B. Guild, Secretary. Illinois " 153 La Salle St., Chicago 

John W. Iliff. Treasurer " " " " 153 La Salle St., Chicago 

Homer W. Carter, D.D., SecretaryWisconsin " " Beloit, Wis. 

C. M. Blackman, Treasurer. ... " " " Whitewater, Wis. 

T. O. Douglass, D.D., Secretary. Iowa " " " Grinnell, Iowa 

Miss A. D. Merrill, Treasurer. . " " " Des Moines, Iowa 

Rev. J. W. Sutherland Secretary Michigan " " Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer " " " " Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. Henry E. Thayer, Secretary. Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society Topeka, Kan. 

IT. C. Bowman, Treasurer " " " " '" Topeka, Kan. 

Rev. S. I. Hanford, Secretary. . Nebraska Home Missionary Society Lincoln, Neb. 

Rev. Lewis Gregory, Treasurer. " " " " Lincoln, Neb. 

Rev. John L. Maile, Secretary. South California Home Missionary Society Los Angeles, Cal. 

A. K. Wray, D. D.. Secretary .Missouri Home Missionary Society Carthage, Mo. 

Rev. J. K. Harrison. .. .Secretary North California Home Missionary Society .. San Francisco, Cal. 


Geo. W. Morgan, Secretary . .Congregational City Missionary Society St. Louis, Mo. 

Rev. Philip W. Yarrow, Supt. " " 

Lewis E. Snow, Treasurer " *' 

LEGACIES — The following form may be used in making legacies: 

I bequeath to my executors the Bum of dollars, in trust, to pay ove*< the same In 

month* after my decease, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

Treasurer of the Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New Tork, in the 

year eUrtitesn hundred and twenty-six, to bo applied *o the charitable use and purpose* of said 

Society, and under Its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS — The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an 
fieaerary Life Member. 




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4- ™ AVE. 6 2 2.^? ST. 

Entered at the Post-Office, at New York, N. Y. 

[mail] matter 

Will You Be a Founder of a Second 
Ocean Grove on Long Island? 

An Association has been organized to establish a summer colony and As- 
sembly work at Stony Brook. Long Island, similar to Chautauqua and Ocean 
Grove, but on broader lines. The following are the incorporators: 

Rev. J. F. Carson, D. D. Rev. Newell Woolsey Wells, D. D. 

Rev. J. M. Farrar, D. D. Wm. R. Hoople, Esq. 

Rev. S. Parks Cadman, D. D. F. D. Arthur. Esq. 

Robt. T. Stokes, Esq Rev. J. O. Wilson, D. D. 

Rev. D. D. Macl.aurin, D. D. Chas. Francis, Esq. 

Beiij. F. Knowles, Esq. Samuel H. Coombs, Esq. 

Rev. T. W. Campbell. B. I) Theo. J. Van Horen, C. P. A. 
Jasper T. Dunham, Esq. 

While it is a beneficent enterprise, it is upon a business basis and it 
Will be found an exceptional investment. 
The property is so located as to make it attractive as a site for summer homes 
and would be a profitable holding, even without the attractions of the Assembly. 
High elevation. Park on shore. Very accessible. Excellent tram service. Less 
than an hour and a quarter to New York. Commutation rate very low. Shares 
are $100 each, which may be paid in installments. For full particulars send for 
handsome booklet just issued. 


Suit E. 200 Montague Street, Brooklyn N. Y" 

Christian Workers Wanted to Represent the Association in Their Own Locality. 


PAPER? We publish for others, as you see, let 
us publish one for you! 


A FCW Advantages: Keeps church constantly before the public, interests 

strangers, inspires enthusiasm in members, a record of, 
births, marriages and deaths. The reading of such a paper 
will be of great pleasure to the shut-ins, keeping them in 
constant touch with the work. A great help to the pastor, 
as it gives him an opportunity to speak many things to his 
people that now has to go unsaid. 

We want Christian Endeavor 
members to act as our rep- 
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The N. Y. Church Publishing Co. : 
129 West 20th Street, 
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-3S3 West 13th Street, New York 


-37th YEAR- 



W. Firman, 1012 Iowa St., Oak Park, 111. Sec- 
retary, Miss Annie A. McFarland, 196 N. Main 
St., Concord, N. H. Treasurer, Mrs. A. H. 
Flint, 604 Willis Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

1, NEW HAMPSHIRE, Female Cent. Institu- 
tion, organized August, 1804; and Home Mission- 
ary Union, organized June, 1890. President, Mrs. 
lames Minot, Concord; Secretary, Miss Caroline 
E. Whitcomb, 192 Roxbury St., Keene; Treas- 
urer, Miss Annie A. McFarland, 196 N. Main 
St., Concord. 

2, MINNESOTA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized September, 1872. President, 
Miss Catharine W. Nichols, 1346 W. Minnehaha 
St., St. Paul; Secretary, Mrs. S. V. S. Fisher, 
2131 E. Lake St. Minneapolis; Treasurer, Mrs. 
W. M. Bristoll, 815 E. 18th St., Minneapolis. 

3, ALABAMA, Woman's Missionary Union, 
organized March, 1877 ; reorganized April, 1889. 
President, Mrs. M. A. Dillard, Selma ; Secretary, 
Mrs. E. Guy Snell, Mobile; Treasurer, Mrs. H. 
R. Hudson, 1505 3rd Ave., Birmingham. 

LAND, (having certain auxiliaries elsewhere). 
Woman's Home Missionary Association, organ- 
ized Feb., 1880. President, Mrs. W. H. Blodgett, 
645 Centre St., Newton, Mass; Secretary, Miss 
Mary C. E. Jackson, 607 Congregational House, 
Boston; Treasurer, Miss Lizzie D. White, 607 
Congregational House, Boston. 

5, MAINE, Woman's Missionary Auxiliary, or- 
ganized June, 1880. President, Mrs. K. B. Lewis, 
S. Berwick ; Secretary, Mrs. Emma C. Waterman, 
Gorham ; Treasurer, Mrs. Helen W. Hubbard, 79 
Pine St., Bangor. 

6, MICHIGAN, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized May, 1881. President, Mrs. C. 
R. Wilson, 65 Frederick Ave., Detroit; Cor. Sec- 
retary, Treasurer, Mrs. A. H. Stoneman, 341 
Worden St., Grand Rapids. 

7, KANSAS, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized October, 1881. President, Mrs. 
J. E. Ingham, Topeka ; Secretary, Mrs. Emma E. 
Johnston, 1323 W. 15th St., Topeka; Treasurer, 
Mrs. J. P. Wahle, 1258 Clay St., Topeka. 

8, OHIO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1882. President, Mrs. C. H. 
Small, 196 Commonwealth Ave., Cleveland; Sec- 
retary, and Treasurer, Mrs. G. B. Brown, 21 16 
Warren St. Toledo. 

9, NEW YORK, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized Oct., 1883. President, Mrs. Wil- 
liam Kincaid, 483 Greene Ave., Brooklyn; Sec- 
retary, Mrs. Charles H. Dickinson, Woodcliff-on- 
Hudson, N. J ; Treasurer, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, 
153 Decatur St., Brooklyn. 

10, WISCONSIN, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized October, 1883. President, Mrs. 
T. G. Grassie, Wauwatosa; Secretary, Mrs. J. H. 
Dixon, Sparta; Treasurer, Mrs. Edward F. Han- 
son, Beloit. 

ir, NORTH DAKOTA, Woman's Home Mis- 
sionary Union, organized November, 1883. Pres- 
ident, Mrs. L. B. Flanders, Fargo; Secretary, 
Mrs. J. P. Young, Wahpeton ; Treasurer, Mrs. E. 
II. Stickney. Fargo. 

12, OREGON, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized July, 1884. President, Mrs. E. 
W. Luckey, 707 Marshall St., Portland; Cor. 
Secretary, Miss Mercy Clarke, 395 4th St., Port- 
land; Treasurer, Mrs. C. F. Clapp, Forest Grove. 

13, WASHINGTON, Including Northern Idaho, 
Woman's Home Missionary Union, organized 
Julv, 1884; reorganized June, 1889. President, 
Mrs. W. C. Wheeler, 302 N. J. St., Tacoma ; 
Secretary, Mrs. Edward L. Smith, 725 14th Ave., 
Treas., Mrs. E. B. Burwell, 323 7th Ave., Seattle. 

14, SOUTH DAKOTA, Woman's Home. Mis- 
sionary Union, organized Sept., 1884. President, 
Mrs. H. K. Warren, Yankton; Secretary, Mrs. A. 
C. Bowdish, Mitchell ; Treasurer, Mrs. A: Loomis, 

15, CONNECTICUT, Woman's Congregational 
Home Missionary Union of Connecticut, organ- 
ized January, 1885. President, Mrs. Washington 
Choate, Greenwich ; Secretary, Mrs. C. T. Millard, 
36 Lev/is St., Hartford; Treasurer, Mrs. James B. 
Thomson, 92 Lincoln St., New Britain. 

16, MISSOURI, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized May, 1885. President, Mrs.M. 
T. Runnels, 1229 Garfield Ave., Kansas City; 

Secretary, Mrs. C. W. McDaniel, 2729 Olive St., 
Kansas City ; Treasurer, Mrs. A. D. Rider, 2524 
Forest Ave., Kansas City. 

17, ILLINOIS, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized May, 1885. President, Mrs. B. 
W. Firman, 1012 Iowa St., Oak Park; Cor. Sec- 
retary, Mrs. G. H. Schneider, 919 Warren Ave., 
Chicago ; Treasurer, Mrs. A. H. Standish, 449 
No. Grove Ave., Oak Park. 

18, IOWA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized June, 1886. President, Mrs. D. P. 
Breed, Grinnell ; Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. 
H. K. Edson, Grinnell. 

Home Missionary Union, organized June, 1887. 
President, Mrs. F. B. Perkins, 1689 Broadway, 
Oakland; Secretary, Mrs. E. S. Williams, Sara- 
toga; Treasurer, Mrs. M. J. Haven, 1329 Harri- 
son St., Oakland. 

20, NEBRASKA, Woman's Home Missionary 
L T nion, organized Nov., 1887. President, Mrs. J. 

E. Tuttle, 1313 C St., Lincoln; Secretary, Mrs. H. 
Bross, 2904 Q St., Lincoln; Treasurer, Mrs. 
Charlotte J. Hall, 2322 Vine St., Lincoln. 

21, FLORIDA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized February 188S. President, Mrs. 
S. F. Gale, Jacksonville; Secretary, Mrs. W. H. 
Edmondson, Daytona ; Treasurer, Mrs. Catherine 
A. Lewis, Mt. Dora. 

22, INDIANA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized May, 1888. President, Mrs. W. 
A. Bell, 12:1 Broadway, Indianapolis; Secretary, 
and Treasurer, Mrs. Anna D. Davis, 1608 Bell- 
efontaine St., Indianapolis. 

Home Missionary Union, organized May, 1888. 
President, Mrs. George Robertson, Mentone; Sec- 
retary, Mrs. H. K. W. Bent, 130 W. Ave., Los 
Angeles; Treasurer, Mrs. E. C. Norton, Clare- 

24, VERMONT, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized June, 1888. President, Mrs. 
Rebecca P. Fairbanks, St. Johnsbury ; Secretary, 
Mrs. W. J. Van Patten, Burlington; Treasurer, 
Mrs. C. H. Thompson, Brattleboro. 

25, COLORADO, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized October, 1888. President, Mrs. 

F. D. Baker, 3221 Franklin St., Denver; Sec- 
retary, Mrs. Joel Harper, 653 S. Logan Ave., 
Denver; Treasurer, Mrs. L. D. Sweet, 1460 
Franklin St., Denver. 

26, WYOMING, Woman's Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1893. President, Mrs. P. F. 
Powelson, Cheyenne ; Secretary, Mrs. H. B. Pat- 
ten, Cheyenne; Treasurer, Mrs. J. W. Morrall, 

27, GEORGIA, Woman's Missionary Union, 
organized November, 1888; new organization 
October, 1898. President, Mrs. N. I. Heard, 
Athens ; Secretary, Miss Jennie Curtiss Mcin- 
tosh; Treasurer, Mrs. Minnie J. Davis, Atlanta. 

29, LOUISIANA, Woman's Missionary Union, 
organized April, 1889. President, Miss Mary L. 
Rogers, 2436 Canal St., New Orleans; Secretary, 
Mrs. A. L. DeMond, 128 N. Galvez St.; Treas- 
urer, Miss Lena Babcock, 2436 Canal St., New 

NESSEE, Woman's Missionary Union of 
the Tennessee Association organized April, 1889. 
President, Mrs. G. W. Moore, 725 17th Ave., 
Nashville, Tenn. ; Secretary, Mrs. J. E. Smith, 
Chattanooga, Tenn. ; Treasurer, Mrs. J. C. Napier, 
514 Capitol Ave., Nashville. 

31, NORTH CAROLINA, Woman's Mission- 
ary Union, organized October, 1889. President, 
Mrs. E. C. Newkirk, Mooresville ; Secretary and 
Treasurer, Mrs. H. R. Faduma, Troy. 

32, NEW JERSEY, Woman's Missionary 
Union. President, Mrs. John M. Whiton, Plain- 
field; Secretary, Mrs. Allen H. Still, Westfield; 
Treas., Mrs. G. A. L. Merrifield, Falls Ch., Va. 

33, MONTANA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized May, 1890. President, Rev. 
Alice Barnes Hoagg. Orr; Secretary, Mrs. J. W. 
Heyward, 816 No. 27th St., Billings; Treasurer, 
Mrs. W. S. Bell, 611 Spruce St., Helena. 

34, PENNSYLVANIA, Woman's Missionary 
Union, organized June, 1890. President, 
Mrs. E. E. Dexter. 782 N. 19th St., Philadelphia; 
Secretary, Mrs. E. H. Osgood, Germantown ; 
Treasurer, Mrs. David Howells, Kane. 


& For OCTOBER, 1907. 3k 


Minnie J. Reynolds . 153 


Tfie Council and the Foreigner 

Trie Treasury 


Tfie Present Situation 

Rev. F. H, Means 161 

I. Tfie Annual Count and Forecount 161 

1 1 . Tfie Present Problem 162 

III. Tfie Earlier Immigrants 164 

IV. An Intermediate Class 167 

V. Tfie Newer Immigrants 169 

VI. Best Form of Christian Work for Foreigners 180 

VII. Where the Work Begins 181 

VIII. How To Surround the Youngwith Christian Influences 182 

IX. Tfie Present Need- -Co-operation 184 


Mrs. B. W. Firman 1 187 




Published Monthly, except in July and August, by the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society 


Oland long hidden, long reserved! 
Safe-guarded by the encircling sea, 
While Crown and Mitre ruled the w 
And craven nations bowed the knee. 

Their day is come. Thy starry gates 
Lift up their heads, with welcome crowr 
"Come, all who dare my larger life, 
Who feel the pulse of freedom bound." 

From Norway's wintry capes they come, 
From fair Italia' s sunlit plains; 
From fierce misrule and brutal wrong, 
The Jew throws off his hated chains; 

From Fatherland; from mother-love, 
The hardy Teuton finds a home, 
And Russ and Slav, Greek, Pole and Finn-* 
From every land and sea they come. 

They come! They come! God give Thee n 
Men of the Prophet's faith and mood, 
To read the dawning, in the sky, 
Of universal Brotherhood. 

O land long hidden! Land of Hope! 
God keep Thee to Thy mission true; 
To heal the ancient wrong, and mal-< 
Of all the old, one better new. 





OCTOBER, 1907 

NO. 5. 

"The Other Half 9 In Sicily 

By Minnie J. Reynolds 

IN MY first article from Sicily, 
published in the June Home Mis- 
sionary, I described the feeling 
of hatred which seems to animate all 
the more intelligent people here 
against the Church, and of how 
strangely this strikes an American, 
unaccustomed to any active dislike of 
the Church even among non-church- 
goers, or Agnostics. I told how 
universally the name "bigotti" — bigots 
— was applied to those devoted to the 
Church; of the opprobrious epithets 
applied to the Pope and priests ; of the 
contempt and loathing with which 
Sicilians refer to the Church and 
clergy, even when they themselves be- 
lieve in a personal God, in the divine 
nature of Jesus, the Madonna, and to 
a greater or less extent, varying with 
the individual, in that of the saints of 
the Catholic Church. All this is very 
contradictory and difficult for an 
American to understand; and to en- 
able Home Missionary readers to 
comprehend it better, I am going to 
describe the practical working of the 
Church in Sicily. 

Americans have no conception of 
Catholicism as it is found in a country 
where there has never been any other 
Church, and where, therefore, undis- 
turbed by competition, it retains all its 
mediaeval character, though shorn of 
its mediaeval power. That sort of 
Catholicism is extremely different 
from the American variety. 

Take for instance, the subject of 
vows. Right here in Trapani, a pros- 
perous, apparently up-to-date city, 
which displays no extraordinary pov- 
erty, which sends salt, canned tunny 
and manufactured coral all over 
Europe, which on the surface seems 
to be a civilized town, the following 
incident occurred no longer ago than 

In the church of San Francesco di 
Paoli twenty sailors dropped on their 
hands and knees at the door, and pro- 
ceeding in that fashion to the altar 
licked the floor at every step of the 
way. Those who know the way the 
dirt lies on the uneven, unswept tile 
or stone floors of these old European 
churches, of the way dogs wander 
over them at will and tobacco users 
spit upon them, can imagine the sick- 
ening nature of the spectacle. The 
church was thronged with people 
watching the performance, many chil- 
dren among the crowd. The sailors 
returned from the altar to the door in 
the same way, spending in all more 
than an hour licking the floor. 

This is a specimen of the "vows" 
performed by the "bigotti" to-day. 
These sailors in the height of a storm 
at sea had vowed to do this thing in 
honor of San Francesco di Paoli if 
they escaped with their lives, and they 
kept the vow. What conception of a 
saint can exist in a mind capable of 
imagining him pleased with such an 




act, is inconceivable to a civilized per- 
son. I have myself seen great crowds 
of women walking barefoot through 
the streets of Trapani behind a wood- 
en float representing a scene from the 
Saviour's life, in fulfillment of a vow 
made during illness, danger, or some- 
thing of the kind. The greatest day 
of the whole year at Trapani is Good 
Friday, when the procession of "I 
Misteri" — T he Mysterie s — takes 
place. I witnessed this procession this 
year, from a friend's balcony. The 
floats were large, heavy, wooden af- 
fairs, borne on the shoulders of men. 
Each represented a scene in the pas- 
sion of Christ in very elaborately 
carved, antique, lifesize wooden 
figures ; and each is supported finan- 
cially and carried in the procession by 
a trade society ; one by the shoe- 
makers, one by the millers ; and so on. 
Charles Dudley Warner, describing a 
similar procession in Sorrento, in 
1869, speaks of a company of nobles 
in the procession, including two des- 
cendants of poet Tasso personally 
known to him. That day has gone 
by, for no nobles walk in the proces- 
sion of Trapani, nor anywhere else in 
Sicily so far as I can ascertain. One 
of these floats is not supported by any 
society, but by the contributions of 
the general public. This is the one 
specially dear to the populace, and 
when it issued from the churchyard, 
it was followed by one solid mass of 
women, packing the street from wall 
to wall and moving as one person, for 
when the mass moved all had to move. 
All were following the float as an act 
of devotion, and some who had vowed 
it, went barefoot. This procession is- 
sued from the church at about 3 p. m. 
on Good Friday, and did not return 
till nine the following morning. In 
the interim they marched through 
every street in Trapani, and circled 
the interior of every church. As the 
whole of Trapani, packed largely in 
its old, mediaeval quarters, can be 
traversed in an hour, the pace at 
which the procession moved can be 

In Marsala, this mystery procession 
is made up of groups of human 
figures instead of wooden floats. A 
man representing Jesus on the way to 
Golgotha walks bent under a great 
cross, while a figure representing a 
Roman soldier leads him by a rope 
around the neck. Everybody in 
Trapani tells with great glee a tale of 
how this Christ once fell down in a 
procession. The soldier endeavored 
to assist him by jerking the rope 
which had the unfortunate effect of 
choking the prostrate one instead of 
helping him to rise. The latter there- 
upon scrambled furiously to his feet, 
threw down the cross, drew a knife 
and started for his guide with dis- 
respectful remarks concerning the 
skill and intelligence of the latter. 

When writing my previous article 
for The Home Missionary a Sicilian 
friend said to me over and over again, 
"Devotion to the Church is synon- 
ymous with every species of crime 
and villainy. It is the 'bigotti' that 
furnish all the criminals in Sicily." I 
did not believe that remark. I con- 
sidered it due to the hatred which is 
part of the revulsion against the 
Church here, and I did not put it in 
my article. Since then I have come 
to the conclusion that perhaps my 
friend knew his own country better 
than I did. 

Mr. Coci, in his book, entitled "In 
Sicily," says that every criminal in 
Sicily carries the icon of some saint- 
image or picture round his neck and 
has the greatest confidence in it as 
a protection. Each one has his special 
saint whom he regards as his protect- 
or, and at any perilous moment of his 
life, and his perilous moments are 
generally caused by the police, he 
prays and makes vows to this saint. 
Thieves and burglars often present 
objects of value to the images of 
saints in churches after a successful 
theft, as a mark, of appreciation for 
assistance in the. job. In several 
churches, both in Sicily and in Naples 
there are ex-voto pictures represent- 
ing a thief at the instant, when, 





thanks to the interference of the good 
saint, he escaped from the clutches of 
the police. It is said that the thieves 
in Sicily have taken Saint Dimo for 
their protector, and that members of 
the Mafia have a general cult for 
Saint John the Baptist who is the pro- 
tector of all the beheaded. 

But all devotees of their Church in 
Sicily are not criminals ; far be any 
such word or thought. But all crim- 

inals are devotees, "bigotti," and the 
reason of it is because religion here is 
no more than a gigantic superstition. 
Whoever prays does it because he has 
some favor to beg of the saints. For 
this favor he promises some form of 
payment; so many prayers, so many 
wax candles, a pilgrimage, a present 
to the altar, a sacrifice, money to the 
church. When the benefit prayed for 
does not come the saint is sometimes 




punished in a naive and childlike 
fashion, irresistibly comical. At that 
period of their growth when the 
crops need rain, if the rain does not 
come, the poor, anxious peasants 
sometimes go out in procession, carry- 
ing a wooden image of the parish 
saint round and round the fields and 
praying to it for rain. That they 
actually pray to this figure and not to 
a spiritual being represented by it, is 
proved by the fact that when after 
many prayers the obstinate saint still 
refuses to send rain, they sometimes 
throw it in the horsepond and roar out : 
"Lie there and soak till you bring the 
rain." This has even been done with 
the Ecce Homo, the Christ of the 
Eive Wounds, the most sacred of 
images. Sometimes they will carry 
the saint off to some other church, 
shut him up in a dark closet and tell 
him that he can't go home to his own 
church, or have any more worship till 
he brings rain. Infuriated peasants 
have been known to collect all the 
images of saints in a whole region af- 
fected by drouth and shut them all up 
together in this way in a dark room. 
That such things can be anywhere off 
the boards of comic opera in this day 
and age, is strange but true. 

Perhaps Home Missionary readers 
are by this time puzzled to know how 
to reconcile this article with the pre- 
vious one which dwelt on the surpris- 
ing growth of liberal thought in 
Sicily. The apparent discrepancy can 
be explained in one sentence. Fifty 
per cent, of the inhabitants of Sicily 
cannot read or write. It is among the 
reading and writing half of the pop- 
ulation that the scorn and hatred of 
the Church described, exists, and in 
this article I have explained why. 
These people have outgrown their 
Church, morally and intellectually. In 
fact, they writhe with shame and ir- 
ritation to think that foreigners may 
believe them addicted to the practices 
of the "bigotti." 

It is this solid appalling mass of il- 
literacy which perpetuates mediaeval 
Catholicism in Sicily, which per- 

petuates mediaevalism itself; econom- 
ic and social conditions, which are 
positively feudal. Americans know 
no more what illiteracy actually is 
than they know the true inwardness 
of unadulterated Catholicism. Here 
are some of the fruits of illiteracy in 
Sicily; active, widespread and deep 
rooted belief in witches ; in vampires ; 
in supernatural beings corresponding 
to our notions of brownies, elves and 
so on ; a wide belief in ghosts and 
haunted houses ; a constant use of 
charms and incantations, to foretell 
the future and bring good luck. 
There are old men believed to be 
dealing with the devil, and people pay 
them to get a lucky number in the lot- 
tery from the devil. Sane and ap- 
parently rational persons perform in- 
cantations to put themselves in com- 
munication with the devil. There is a 
common practice of ascribing illness 
to the evil eye. I know personally of 
a man, an operative in a wine factory, 
whose baby was found on the floor 
one evening, having fallen out of bed. 
Its spine was injured and it grew up 
deformed. Nothing can make the 
man believe that Strega did not maim 
his baby. The Strega is a woman who 
can enter the house at night in the 
form of a cat and has a special male- 
volence against infants. 

Perhaps I may prejudice some peo- 
ple against Sicilian immigration. In 
that connection I have just this to say. 
The United States Government has 
the power to exclude any race that it 
sees fit to. That being the case, when 
we deliberately admit any class of im- 
migrants, it is unreasonable and un- 
christian to hate and despise them, 
simply because they have walked 
through the door which we left open. 
Exclude any class you please, but if 
you let them in, be just and decent 
enough to admit their right to be 
there. The typical Sicilian emigrant 
goes to America for a purpose which 
is respectable in any man living ; to 
earn by hard work a better living for 
himself and his family. As for the 
criminal classes, it is the business of 


the authorities to keep them out, ac- 
cording to law passed for that pur- 
pose. If they are incompetent to do 

so, then Sicilian immigrants are 
smarter than the United States 


But it is madness for America to let 
any "Little Italy" grow up within her 
borders, perpetuating the ideas and 
practices I have described and en- 
grafting them upon our national life. 
I have seen Italian processions in 
New York. I have seen the wooden 
saints carried through Elizabeth and 
Mulberry Streets and barefooted 
women following them. I have seen 
legs and arms modelled in wax, car- 
ried after the saint, by those who have 
suffered some injury in the member 
represented. This sort of thing can- 
not be prevented, nor is it advisable, 
or desirable to try. But the children 
are ours, to do almost as we will with 
them. Plunged into the new environ- 

ment, looking up to the Americans as 
the great and dominant race in the 
conglomerate polyglot world to which 
they have come, during the few im- 
pressionable years of their childhood, 
a distance can be placed between them 
and their parents which would require 
generations, perhaps centuries of 
evolution, to effect in Sicily. 

The Sicilian immigrant requires 
strict, rigid, undeviating enforcement 
of the child labor and compulsory ed- 
ucation laws. He knows nothing 
about these laws at home and he must 
be made to understand that they are 
made to be obeyed in the New World. 
The very life blood of American in- 
stitutions depends upon universal 




literacy. They cannot be maintained 
without it. After education his chil- 
dren need home mission work, such as 
can only be given by the Protestant 
Churches. They need educative, 
civilizing, Christianizing influences 
out of school hours. They need Sun- 
day Schools and good Sunday School 
libraries and Sunday School entertain- 
ments, just such as American children 
have ; Christmas trees, summer pic- 
nics, "speaking pieces" and dialogues, 
socials, good, entertaining stereopti- 
con lectures, all the pleasant educa- 
tional things that cluster around 
church and Sunday School life in 
America. There, is not one of these 
things in the church life of Sicily; 
nothing but an everlasting play upon 
the fears and the emotions ; services 
in Latin, idiotic processions, floor 
lickings and back beatings. All the 
Italian children in America speak 
English. Treat them exactly as if 
they were American children. Let 
them speak the same pieces that have 
done service with so many generations 

of American children. Put the same 
kind of books in their libraries that 
American children want and read; 
they will read them. They are all 
musical. A good instrument, and 
good congregational singing in the 
home mission chapel will delight 
them, and a juvenile orchestra with 
somebody to train it, would fill their 
souls with joy. A church social, in 
the shape of an old-fashioned spelling 
school with a simple prize for the best 
speller would be a wonderfully enjoy- 
able thing for them. One cannot 
imagine until he has lived in Sicily, 
how novel and startling and educa- 
tional all these things become to 
Sicilian children. I went to candy 
pulls and oyster suppers and spelling 
bees in a Congregational Church 
when I was a child, and took books 
out of a Congregational Sunday 
School library. I believe it is good 
missionary work to provide the 
same sort of pleasant, friendly civ- 
ilized church life for Sicilian chil- 


Editor's Outlook 

QUESTIONS of great import 
are scheduled for discussion at 
the coming National Council in 
Cleveland — some of them purely de- 
nominational, as is proper in such a 
gathering, others as broad as the na- 
tion and vital to the Kingdom itself. 
Among the latter class not one, as we 
view it, is more imperative than the 
relation of the Protestant Churches 
of America to our foreign population. 
Preliminary to any intelligent dis- 
cussion of this problem is a knowl- 
edge of the facts, and we make no 
apology for devoting an entire num- 
ber of The Home Missionary to a 
review of the present situation. In 
the article of Rev. Mr. Means will be 
found a careful and conscientious 
treatment of the case, condensed, as 
it must be in the nature of things, but 
complete in its outline and presented 
in a graphic and readable form. Not 
the least of its value is the author's 
frequent reference to recent literature 
upon the subject, a boon to many who 
are seeking further information. Of 

not less value are his occasional sug- 
gestions as to methods and remedies. 
The careful reader will discover that, 
while the share taken by Congrega- 
tionalists in the treatment of foreign- 
ers is an honorable part, it is not a 
leading part. This fact should excite 
healthful shame and provoke to better 
things. The question of the hour and 
one worthy of predominance in the 
discussion of the Council is this : 
What are we to do now for the better 
assimilating, the more thorough ed- 
ucating, and above all, the more rapid 
Christianizing of one million aliens a 
year? Other questions may wait. 
This question will not wait. This is a 
"hurry call" and demands a swift and 
practical answer. 

The leading article of the October 
number is the conclusion of Miss 
Reynold's treatment of Sicilian con- 
ditions as they affect Italian immigra- 
tion to this country. Her previous 
article has excited much attention and 
both articles are suggestive and en- 

The Treasury 






S. S. C. E. Worn Soc. 

47.58 $14-94 $494-74 
12.50 30.00 465.47 





$ 88.39 





Churches S. S. C. E. Worn. Soc. Individ- State Total 

uals Soc. 

1906. $22,650.87 $717-38 $29407 $7,i37-46 $9,667.29 $3,835.52 $44,302.59 

1907. 18,836.11 516.85 196.33 7.-369.55 6,253.70 8,800.25 41,972.79 

In connection with the foregoing 
statement of the receipts of the So- 
ciety from living givers, it is grateful- 
ly acknowledged that during the five 
months of the current year, there has 
been an increase of $25,000 in leg- 

acies over the amount received one 
year ago. Thus again the beneficence 
that is realized only after the giver 
has passed on, comes to the aid of 
the great work committed to the care 
of the Society. 

The Recent Aspects of Immigration 


THERE are some new things to be said even about our immigrants, — as 
there is something new to be said each year about our other crops. The 
total product, in the year ending July ist, was 1,285,000. This surely is 
a "bumper harvest." Although these figures do not make allowance for sev- 
eral hundred thousand who return to their "old countries" each year, they do 
show that the gross number of immigrants is still increasing. 

Commissioner Watchorn is reported to have said that we had probably 
reached a maximum for the present. The figures for the first month of the 
new fiscal year do not seem to indicate this. In July, — after the new Immigra- 
tion Act went into effect, with its increased head tax and exclusion on grounds 
of general physical disability as well as for specific diseases, — there were 97,000 
aliens admitted, as against 84.400 in July, 1906, an increase of over 15 per cent. 
If all the months of this year were to keep up the same rate of increase over 
"last year, we should have 1,477,750 fresh immigrants before another July ist. 

Still they come, and why not? Are the Jews as free from fear and as 
comfortably situated in Odessa as in New York City? Are the Slovaks as well 
able to get land in Austria as in Pennsylvania? Are the Italians as well paid 
and lightly taxed in Pogerola as in Delaware? If not, they will keep on com- 
ing here, until our industrial high tide is plainly ebbing. It is only slackening 
it present. 

Five million immigrants, not counting French Canadians or Mexicans, 
lave come to our shores in the last five years. The estimated population for 
the United States proper for 1907 is, in round numbers, 85,000,000. The aliens 
who have arrived within five years, -if all staved and none died, would make 
one-seventeenth of our total population or 5.8 per cent. The increasing pro- 


portion of foreigners in our population seems to be as irresistible (under pres- 
ent laws) as the growth of the population itself. 

"The outpopulating power of the Christian stock," about which Horace 
Bushnell wrote, is certainly not visible to-day in the precise form of an outpop- 
ulating power of the native stock. Perhaps we are tempted to look back twenty 
years and think "things were more comfortable then, — not quite so crowded." 
But in all probability, twenty years hence everyone will be looking back to these 
days as the days of ease and lack of pressure and if we, readers of The Home 
Missionary and dwellers in comfortable Christian homes, feel thus, how must 
the people of the tenements feel about the congestion of population and the 
economic pressure under which they live. It is indeed a condition and not a 
mere Malthusian theory we have to face. 

But if we look back fifty years, we find for our encouragement such a fact 
as this : that the census showed even then in the state of Massachusetts 240,- 
000 people of foreign birth, or 20 per cent, as against 30.6 per cent, in 1900. A 
Boston newspaper of 1857 remarked, "When we consider that this number is 
almost one-fifth of the total population of the state the gravity of the immigra- 
tion situation is apparent." In the half century since then, American institu- 
tions have certainly not succumbed to this foreign invasion nor are they likely 
to in another fifty years. Whether the successful working of them has been 
impaired is another question altogether. 



IT is the social, moral and religious condition of these immigrant multitudes, 
and their swarming children, that especially concerns us as American Chris- 
tians. What becomes of them and what do they become here in our midst ? 
Some put the question more selfishly and ask, "What will become of us?" 

Emerson declared that "the true test of civilization is not the census, nor 
the size of cities, nor the crops, — no, but the kind of man the country turns out." 
He was probably thinking of indigenous varieties. What would he have said 
concerning the exotics and the hybrids that are so fast becoming naturalized 
here ? Are they to be like the English sparrows, dispossessing the native birds, 
even far out into the suburbs ; or like the daisy, considered only a "white weed" 
by the farmers ? In seeking an answer to these questions, we must follow them 
to their permanent homes. 

The annual charts published by the Immigration Bureau show that about 
70 per cent, of those who come each year, expect to settle in the states of New 
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and Illinois. This means that 
the largest share of our immigrants settle down, for a time at least, in the great 
cities. Prof. Walter F. Willcox of Cornell University has shown by a careful 
study of the subject, that they do not remain permanently in the places of first 
location, but after a few years go further west or into the smaller cities. While 
immigration continues undiminished in volume, the ports of arrival and neigh- 
boring urban districts serve as great reservoirs. Distribution takes place from 
them and yet they are kept always full to overflowing. Even the return of sev- 
eral thousand foreigners to Europe each year does not prevent congestion. The 
continuance of immigration at the average rate of the last five years, one mil- 
lion a year, tends to perpetuate slum conditions and to form solid groups of 
certain nationalities in our cities. It is estimated that there are now 750,000 
Jews in Greater New York. The Ghetto of the lower East Side contains a 
large share of these. More prosperous ones are found in the "new Jerusalem" 
above Central Pajk. The Williamsburg bridge across East River has been 
called "the Jews' Highway to Brooklyn." Italians are found in full possession 
of the once notorious region of the Five Points and Mulberry Street in New 


York, while there is a more recent "Little Italy" in Harlem, running from 
100th to 130th Streets. In Boston there are 12,000 Italians, foreign born, in 
the Sixth Ward, the old North End. These are typical instances which may be 
duplicated on a larger or smaller scale in many localities. 

While a large part of the earlier immigrants sought and settled the North- 
west, and most of the Slavs on their first coming here went to the coal mine 
legions, it is true of the majority of our present immigrants that they seek the 
cities of the North Atlantic and North Central states. These two groups of 
states contained in 1900 86.2 per cent., or more than five-sixths of the entire 
number of foreign born in the United States. The same census showed that 75 
per cent, of those born in Russia, 62 per cent, of those born in Poland, Italy and 
Ireland and from 50 to 54 per cent, of those born in Germany and Austro- 
Hungary were then living in cities of 25,000 or more inhabitants. 

The following table is interesting as showing how large a proportion of the 
foreign born are to be found in the cities of several states : 

In New York 80 per cent, of the total foreign born in the state 

Delaware .... 75.9 

Maryland 73 

Illinois 64.9 " 

Missouri 64.3 " 

Rhode Island.. 60.6 

New Jersey... 59.9 " 

The twenty principal cities of Massachusetts contained in 1900, 67 per cent, 
of the total foreign born in the state, (567,000 foreign born out of 1,637,000 
total population of twenty cities). 


The states and cities of our land where these foreigners mostly congregate 
are the same (with the exception of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania) 
as those where the Congregationalists are most numerous and wealthy and our 
churches the strongest. When we consider the physical and spiritual destitu- 
tion of the southern European peoples, their situation in these states and cities 
seems to be the same as that of Lazarus at the rich man's gate. Such a com- 
parison will not seem too strong to anyone who will study carefully any of 
Jacob A. Riis' books or one of the recent text-books upon home missions, 
"Aliens or Americans?" by Dr. Howard A. Grose, or "The Challenge of the 
City," by Dr. Josiah Strong. 

We need not forget that these new Americans have achieved much for 
themselves and for our country, and in some things they have been effectively 
aided by us. A careful study of the history and character of the various bodies 
of foreigners, even those who are now coming to our shores from southern 
Europe, makes one less doubtful about their possibilities of good and the prob- 
ability of our country being able to assimilate the great mass of them. At the 
same time it cannot be denied that the thorough welding of them into the parts 
of the machinery of our nation requires much more effective co-operation and 
more self-denying effort on the part of American Christians than is now being 



THE British, with whom we may include not only English, Scotch and 
Welsh, but also the numerous Anglo-Saxons who come to us from the 
British Provinces, need only a passing mention here. They are no more 
aliens in religion and character than they are in speech, and whether they go to 
the factory towns or the mountain mines they are soon blended with the older 

The Dutch strain in our composite nationality has been a forceful element 
in all our history, from Peter Stuyvesant to President Roosevelt. It strength- 
ens our religious forces by contributing the devotion of the Dutch Reformed 
Church in America, to its own up-building, and to outside missionary work as 

The Irish came early and often. They have been workers, sometimes for 
and sometimes against our best interests and their own highest welfare. But 
as Dr. A. J. Lyman wittily remarked concerning them "When they came, the 
country needed yeast and it got it !" Devoted in their attendance upon the Ro- 
man Catholic Churches, they have cared for themselves in things religious with 
few exceptions. 

The Germans, most numerous, and in some ways most excellent of all the 
foreign nationalities in our midst, stand in somewhat unusual relations to our 
denominational work. A large part of them are Lutherans, while there are 
some "free churches" among them. 

In 1882, when Chicago Seminary opened its German department, there were 
thirty small German churches scattered through the West. Now there are one 
hundred and sixty-three with a membership of eighty-four hundred, including- 
the smaller proportion that are found in the East, together with those in the 
Western States. Of late years especially, many German-Russians, generally 
"Stundists" or "Pietists." who "readily accept our free evangelical church- 
spirit and methods," have gone into Minnesota and the Dakotas. They show a 
disposition to send their "choice young men to Redfield College, N. D., (under 
Congregational Education Society), and to Chicago to be educated." But still 
the demand exceeds the supply, since last year with thirteen students in the 


German department of the Chicago Seminary, there were fourteen vacant Ger- 
man pulpits looking to the Seminary for men. Prof. Obenhaus states that 
''there might be a much larger work of Congregationalists among the Germans 
who, as a people, take very kindly to its form and polity, if the denomination 
did not crippfe it so as regards means to carry on the work." About Chicago, 
where there are six German churches and seven others in the immediate 
vicinity, he thinks that we might have had many more if we had the men and 
money. "Germans are natural Congregationalists. The denomination lost its 
opportunity for work among them fifty years ago, yet, the present work shows 
what can be done." 

For purposes of comparison with what other denominations are doing for 
these Northern Europeans, let us look a moment at the figures. The Baptists 
have 148 German-Baptist Mission Churches with 5,200 members. Including 
the self-supporting churches, there are over 26,000 German-Baptists. The 
Methodists report 265 Mission Churches with a membership of 19,000. The 
Presbyterians have 156 churches with a membership of nearly 13,500, so that 
we, with only 8,000 members, including those of the self-supporting German 
Churches, are bringing up the rear. More attention is now being paid to our 
work among the Germans. The Congregational Sunday School Society has 
had before the board "A proposition to appoint a special Sunday School su- 
perintendent for the German-speaking churches of the Northwest. This ap- 
pointment is likely to be made as soon as the money is in sight." 

Inasmuch as the German-Lutheran Churches reported last year in The 
Lutheran World 8,000 churches with 1,200,000 communicant members, it may 
be seen that there is no lack of churches among the Germans, but our churches 
already organized need to be greatly strengthened by a larger and better supply 
of well-trained men to work among them. 

The Scandinavians are equally indipendent and self-relying, but not 
averse to receiving our assistance. What they have done for us, especially in 
building up the states of the Northwest, (in exerting a saving influence polit- 
ically in 1896), in furnishing men of influence and power for good to our nation 
is well known. Not so well known are the facts about their religious bodies. 
They have contributed greatly to the strength of the Lutheran Synods in the 
United States. But beside these transplanted state churches which continue to 
flourish here without state aid, they have a considerable number of independent 
churches. These were organized at first in the old countries by those who 
found the established Church too formal and cold, and were drawn to a more 
simple and evangelical form of Christian association. 

The "Free Church Movement" began in Sweden in the seventies under the 
lead of Dr. Waldenstrom, at the time when many Swedes were coming to this 
country. This fact brought it to the attention of our home missionary workers 
and Rev. M. W. Montgomery was sent over to investigate. He found about 
four hundred churches united in the "Syenska Missions Forbundet." The one 
hundred thousand or more members of these churches were closely akin to our 
own Congregational bodies. This movement spread into the other countries 
and so had a reflex influence upon the progress of missionary work among the 
Scandinavians on both sides of the water. It has undoubtedly helped very 
much in the large progress and success of our Home Missionary Society among 
these people in the United States. 

There have been formed one hundred and fifty-five Congregational Church- 
es among the Danes, Swedes and Norwegians. Both these people and their 
churches are located in largest numbers at the West. Exact and recent figures 
concerning church membership are hard to obtain. These newcomers have not 
yet got into the way of making full returns for Year Book purposes. But it 
is a moderate estimate, based upon the statements of Prof. Scott of Chicago 




Seminary and others familiar with the facts, that there are at least ten thousand 
communicants in Scandinavian Congregational Churches. 

There are about two hundred other "free churches" not fully provided with 
facilities for getting trained leaders. They are disposed to look to us for help, 
but not disposed as yet to become identified with our denomination. If they say, 
"Come over and help us," it certainly is not like Paul, the missionary, for us to 
reply, "What will you give us?" We ought rather to rejoice in the large field 
of usefulness open to us among these people, who become the sturdy, stanch 
and sound variety of Americans before they have been many years in the coun- 
try. The elderly people among them will require services in their native 
tongues for a considerable period yet, just as they do in the Lutheran congre- 
gations. It cannot well be otherwise among the scattered rural communities in 
Wisconsin, Minnesota, and the Dakotas. But as the children grow up the Sun- 


day School teaching in English makes a bridge between the old and the new 

Under these conditions, how have we Congregationalists met the demand 
and opportunity? Wisely and well, we may say, as to the beginning of our 
work. Feebly and inadequately, we must confess, as to the continuance of this 
work in its full strength. In 1884 Dr. F. E. Emrich, then a Chicago pastor, 
suggested the Norwegian department of the Chicago Seminary which was be- 
gun with one teacher and two students. A year later the first Norwegian Con- 
gregationalist Church was formed. Now there are forty-six, and over one hun- 
dred Norwegian young men went forth in twenty-two years from the Dano- 
Norwegian Institute, as the. department is now called. A good piece of work ! 
Yet it is allowed to drag because the funds are not forthcoming to meet the ex- 


Among the Swedes our churches have had an encouraging growth, planted 
and fostered as in the previous instance by help on the part of the Home Mis- 
sionary Societies. In 1885 Chicago Seminary responded to a request by Dr. H. 
A. Stimson, presented on behalf of certain Swedes in Illinois, by providing 
training for them. Since then Rev. Fridolf Risberg and his assistant have 
trained 222 Swedes, of whom 159 have graduated. This work is not protracted 
in length of course or extravagant in cost. Quite the reverse is the case, for 
the men w»io come to the Scandinavian institutes have had only a common 
school education and are given in three years the best training for the ministry 
possible under these circumstances.* 

That the costs are not excessive is shown by the fact that the three foreign 
institutes of £hicago Seminary, namely, German, Norwegian, and Swedish, re- 
quire for running expenses a total of only $10,000 per annum. Ought the 
president of the Seminary to have to go begging for that amount ? Or is it the 
part of wisdom for our churches to make directly or through the Congregation- 
al Home Missionary Society a fully sufficient provision for ministry to these ac- 
ceptable, responsive and worthy people? Of course we are giving much help 
in the several states to the individual churches and missions. Many of these are 
dependent upon our missionary societies, state or national. All the more reason, 
then, why we should help to provide them with men who can lead them on as 
soon as possible to self-support. It can be done on a large scale because it has 
been done on a small scale. 



SOME of our foreigners do not quite belong with either of the two chief 
classes, so we consider them here. 

The French have come to us, some of them, from la belle France, 
but most of them were once denizens of what was meant to be la nouvelle 
France, now Canada. Nearly one-quarter of the French population of Canada 
has removed to the United States, as stated by Dr. McLanahan in his admirable 
manual, "Our People of Foreign Speech." In 1900 the United States had 
100,000 European French and 400,000 French Canadians. 

Being found principally in the jnill towns of New England and the Middle 
West, employed en masse in the factories and provided with their own priests, 
their own papers, their own parochial schools, to a considerable extent, these 
aliens do not readily learn our language or our ways. They are mostly stead- 
fast adherents of the Catholic Churches, and that holds a place in their alle- 
giance to which even national considerations are made subordinate. 

The figures for some of the Massachusetts cities from the state census of 
1905, show 11,000 out of 70,000 population in the city of Lawrence, 28,000 out 
of 105,003 in the city of Fall River, to be of French Canadian birth or par- 
entage. Compared with such totals the numbers who have been influenced by 
Protestant missions is very small indeed. Although such missions have been 
many years at work (since the early eighties) , we can only point to-day to some 
eight French Congregational Churches with about 700 members. The Baptists 
make rather more of a showing, with twenty-nine mission churches numbering 
650 members, and a French Canadian membership all told in Baptist Churches 
of 3,500, as the figures were stated in 1903. The French-American College in 
Springfield, started in 1885 with special reference to the work among French 
Canadians, has found much more of an opportunity in recent years among those 
of other nationalities and has therefore changed its name to the American In- 
ternational College, and devoted itself mainly to these others. 

*See articles re-printed from the "Hartford Seminary Record for January, 1907," 
under the title, <J A Ministry for Foreign Born Americans." 


Measured by the demand, there is little occasion for us to increase our 
French work. Measured by the need for it, there are not many Canadians who 
lack attention from their own Church; consequently the effort to help them is 
apt to take on the undesirable form of a proselyting campaign beset by many 
and great difficulties in such matters as language and racial cohesion. While 
we must needs be ready and willing to help those who are seeking a simple and 
evangelical faith and to support gladly those congregations that have sought 
with us a refuge from sacerdotalism, it may well be that there are other nation- 
alities whose needs, keenly felt by themselves, and whose appeal, spontaneous 
and urgent, for our help, constitute a first claim upon us. 

The Finns are just such a people. They are Protestants, but dissatisfied, 
many of them, with the. forms and practices of their national Church. They 
are lovers of freedom in both national and ecclesiastical affairs, suffering sorely 
in their own land from the attempt to ''Russify" Finland. They are entered in 
our Government classification of immigrants along with others born in Slavic 
lands. Really, however, they are more nearly akin to the Scandinavians by 
race than to the Slavs. 

(The same thing is true to a large extent of the Letts and Lithuanians who 
come from the Baltic provinces of Russia, among the former of whom there are 
many Protestants). 

The Finns are not yet very numerous amongst us, — probably a total of 
foreign born of about 150,000, although their own authorities place the figures 
much higher, one estimate putting them at 700,000 of foreign birth or par- 
entage. They come as families and make permanent residents, generally in 
Michigan and Minnesota and the extreme Northwestern states or else in New 
England. These Finns show a very low percentage of illiteracy. They bring 
some money with them : they are industrious, law-abiding and devoted to the 
good of their adopted country. They work in the granite quarries of Ouincy 
and Cape Ann or in the factory towns of New England and the cities of the 
Middle West, and we find some as far west as the mountain towns of Colorado 
and the fertile lands of Humboldt County in California. These Finns show a 
degree of enterprise that makes them of greater importance to the country than 
mere numbers would indicate. 

They have their own national Lutheran Church and also an independent 
Synod. Being newcomers here, they do not immediately meet the demands of 
"the free church in a free state" and some of their institutions, seminaries in 
particular, have languished in consequence. There is a growing socialist el- 
ement amono- them which is taking advantage of this fact and has lately bought 
up the buildings of one of their seminaries. We can readily see that their 
ability to read, combined with their experiences under Russian rule, make them 
very prone to follow such dangerous leadership, if something that is positive 
and constructive is not provided for them. In this situation they have welcomed 
the advances and offers of help made by Congregationalists and other Evan- 
gelical denominations. There are as yet only ten Finnish Congregational 
Churches with some 500 members, five of which are in Massachusetts, one in 
New York, one in New Jersey, one in Chicago and two in Ohio. Some of these 
are yet without pastors. A little school in Revere, Mass., has been started to 
train workers among them from their own ranks. It had thirteen pupils, men 
and women, in attendance this last year studying in both Finnish and English 
the- few branches that would enable them to preach and teach the gospel, and to 
understand our democratic principles of both state and church government. 

This recent development of our work for foreigners gives promise of great 
and lasting results. It is yet in its infancv and needs the fostering care not 
only of our missionary and education societies, but of the older churches which 
can furnish the Finnish congregations with a place of meeting, or welcome 

Courtesy of Baptist City Missionary Society 

them to membership by forming a branch church as has been done at the 
Central Church in Worcester. 



WHEN we turn to those nationalities that have predominated in the im- 
migration of the last fifteen years, we find them different in many re- 
spects from the older immigrants. They come chiefly from the South 
and East of Europe. They are generally Roman Catholics or members of the 
Greek Church unless they are Jews. Illiteracy is much more prevalent among 
them, and the average amount of money they bring in is much lower. Instead 
of being of Teutonic blood they are for the most part of Hebrew or Iberic or 
Slavic origin. Some of the minor nationalities may be first considered. 

Armenians, Syrians and Turks are all coming to this country from Tur- 
key in Asia. The Armenians, because of their connection with an ancient 
Christian Church, or their reception of evangelical teaching from our mission- 
aries of the American Board, have many of them become connected with our 
churches here. Some of them are active in church work and benevolence, while 
there are not a few Armenian pastors of churches composed of native born 
Americans ; in fact, they are quite apt to prefer such a post to the ministry 
among their, own people. Of our six Armenian Congregational churches three 
are in Massachusetts where the Home Missionary Society pays part of their ex- 
penses. The Armenians are not illiterate and are easy of access. The Syrians 
are more numerous than the Armenians but less accessible, being Greek Cath- 

s See John R. Commons, page 103 of "Races and Immigrants in America." 


olics. Hardest of all for a Protestant to help are the Turks, who are now com- 
ing in larger numbers than formerly, but still make an almost inappreciable 
fraction of "the new immigration." It would not be worth mentioning if it did 
not serve to remind us that they and other Asiatics may some day begin to pour 
in upon us from Turkey, from Persia, from India even.* If anyone is dismayed 
at such a prospect, let him ask whether it is not best to meet and minister to 
these growing millions as they come rather than to wait until they are any more 
compactly massed. We should listen to no Delilah's soothing of selfishness and 
laissez faire optimism lest we hear at last the taunting cry, "The Philistines be 
upon thee, Samson." 

Of the Spaniards we have so few as to make them practically a negligible 
quantity in the present connection. 

The Portuguese are coming to Pilgrim town and province lands in a steady 
stream. They come largely from the Cape Verde Islands, whose people have a 
very large admixture of real African negro blood. We have been wont to say 
that Negroes did not come to this country of their own accord ; but here are 
mulattoes of all degrees of darkness coming freely under the name of Portugese 
to old Massachusetts. Provincetown, where President Roosevelt made his ad- 
dress of August 20th, shows by the last state census (1905) 2,300 Portugese of 
foreign birth or foreign parentage out of a total population of 4,300. The im- 
migrants are on the trail of the Pilgrim there, and the modern descendant of 
the latter appears to regard the fact with complete indifference as long as the 
aforesaid Portuguese "mind their own business." 

One pastor of a Congregational Church took pains to learn enough of the 
Portuguese language to go out on Sunday afternoons to the cranberry bogs 
where these people lived and worked, and met with a hearty welcome from 
them. In Massachusetts the Baptists and Methodists have good beginnings of 
organized work among them and the Congregationalists have done a little 
something in Rhode Island. The Portuguese, are highly illiterate and are nom- 
inally Roman Catholics. In Boston their church has several priests for them, 
but there is not very much done for those who are scattered in the rural regions. 
From 1901 to 1906 nearly 38,000 Portuguese, including those from the Western 
Islands, have come to Massachusetts. Their illiteracy and lack of well estab- 
lished homes ought to call forth our services on their behalf. 

The Jews, important as they are, racially and numerically, do not seem to 
press any claim upon us religiously. There are 1,500,000 of German, Italian, 
Polish or Russian Jews in this country. They care for their own poor. They 
are not often in our courts for drunkenness or crime, (unless, like one of the 
two Abes, Hummel and Ruef, they have become so Americanized as to live that 
parasitic life wriich has infected American affairs of late like a contagion of 
evil). The Jews are sufficient unto themselves in things religious also. There 
are instances of successful Christian work among them, such as that of the 
Presbyterian City Missionary Society in New York City. These are few and 
far between, however. As to St. Paul, so to us the Hebrews are a mystery in 
their power to withstand the Christian teaching, but perhaps we should have 
been equally resistant if we had been in their place enduring the "Christian" 
practices of Russia, — or even of Manhattan. Kind, friendly treatment by in- 
dustrial and medical workers and Settlement neighbors seems to be the best 
way of helping them at present. 

The Greeks, like some of the others who have been mentioned, are nu- 
merous only in certain localities, chiefly in Massachusetts, New York, Penn- 
sylvania, Illinois and Missouri. Certain lines of business, such as peddling or 
fruit vending, appeal to many of them, while others go into the mills. Strange 
as it seems, they have not been accustomed to the use of either Old or New 


Testaments in modern Greek ; consequently there is an especial advantage in the 
work of colporters among them which is furnished by the Bible and Tract So- 
cieties. Most of the Evangelical denominations are doing some work among 
ihem and our own work at Boston, Lowell and Peabody, Mass., has made an 
encouraging start. Our denominational headquarters in Boston witness the as- 
sembling every Sunday afternoon of a congregation of Greeks (as well as a 
Chinese Sunday School) in Pilgrim Hall, and we are reminded of the day when 
certain Greeks stood without and said, "We would see Jesus." If we do our 
part, these few may be as in the days of early Christianity the forerunners of 
countless others seeking a more direct access to the Master's power and teach- 

The Italians are the best known and most widely distributed of the newer 
immigrants. They have come in constantly increasing numbers. In 1900 there 
were less than 500,000 (foreign born) in the whole United States, but to-day 
the number of Italians in New York City alone is estimated at 450,000. Dr. 
McLanahan says that "thirty solid blocks on the East Side of New York City 
above 100th Street are peopled by southern Italians. Solid blocks downtown are 
inhabited by northern Italians. There are nine districts in Brooklyn in which 
they congregate. Philadelphia has 125,000. They occupy twenty solid blocks 
in the south-easterly part of the city." Boston has now at least 40,000, while 
such cities as Detroit, Denver, Galveston and New Orleans have considerable 
numbers, as well as the largest cities. 

Many of the Italians go back after a few years of work and saving here, 
some of them to return with wife or family, and some to build "American 
houses" and live in "luxury." Under the operation of the new census law we 
shall know for the first time with accuracy what proportion of these immigrants 
become East-bound passengers in the course of a few years. About three- 
fourths of the Italians come to us from southern Italy and Sicily where they are 
more illiterate, more superstitious, more hot-blooded than those from northern 
Italy. But whether from north or south they all seem able to work hard and 
fast and to live on very little in a very little space. They are greatly lacking in 
knowledge of sanitary conditions of life, and the crowded villages from which 
they come have made them more ready to accept, without protest, the over- 
crowding of our tenements and labor camps. The effect of public school teach- 
ing upon coming generations of bright Italian children is something to be 
watched with eagerness and hope. 

As to their criminal tendencies, there have been many exaggerated state- 
ments based upon outbreaks of personal vengeance and "Black Hand" cut- 
rages. They are a hot-tempered people and there are many among them ready 
to make victims of their fellow countrymen. But as against these facts, let us be 
careful to give due credit for the existence of such a work as that of the Society 
for Italian Immigrants in New York Citv, in the support of which they share. 
This has done much toward making the padrone system a thing of the past and 
introducing labor camp night schools into Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New 
York. The ambition and the quick artistic temperament of the Italians make 
them exceedingly responsive to efforts in their behalf, whether at Ellis Island 
and the docks or after they have settled here. Yet they are not without a certain 
hesitancy and distrust, which make it necessary to win their confidence in order 
to influence them permanently for good. 

Although the Italians come from a Catholic country, there is great disaffec- 
tion among them towards the Roman Church. Its policy towards education 
and towards the Government of united Italy has alienated many. Such demon- 
strations against the Papacy as have taken place of late years in the Piazza del 
Popolo, about the Statue of Giordano Bruno, indicate the degree of this revolt, 


and also the anarchistic tendencies of those who participate in it. In this coun- 
try the Italians, especially the men, ceasing to attend their own churches except 
upon special Feast Days, are in danger of having no religion at all. They know 
almost nothing about a more simple and vital form of Christian teaching except 
as it is taught them here ; consequently, we have a great opportunity to instruct 
and to win into the Christian life those who need to be taught how to live, just 
as they need to be taught how to speak English. 

All the leading denominations are making vigorous efforts to meet this op- 
portunity and call. The great Episcopal organizations, such as Grace Parish in 
New York, the City Missionary and Church Extension Societies of the Meth- 
odist and Presbyterian Churches, the Home Missionary Societies of the Baptist 
and Congregational denominations are all providing places of worship and mis- 
sionaries to labor among the Italians. One home missionary secretary writes : 
"The Italians anticipate our movements, and send requests for missionary serv- 
ices, with frequent offers of financial support. At least six Italian missionaries 
could find ample employment in the fields which await them." The natural 
growth and multiplication of such work under an effective leadership is il- 
lustrated by the fact that "the Italian church in Broome Street Tabernacle 
(Presbyterian, New York City) is probably the mother of fourteen Italian mis- 
sions in the United States and of two in Italy, and its pastor, Rev. Antonio Ar- 
righi, has been serving for over twenty-five years." 

The greatest hindrance to the progress of Italian work is in the difficulty of 
securing good leaders. Experience shows that Italians can work best among 
Italians for the present at least. The immigrants as a whole are an illiterate 
class and even if they could afford the time and money they are hardly prepared 
to spend ten or eleven years in preparatory and professional studies. Such 
study if pursued in American academies, colleges and seminaries tends to lift 
them out of contact and sympathy with their own people. Either trained men 
must be brought from Italy, as has been done in the case of some of the 
Waldensian pastors who are now doing good work in this country, or a special 
school must be provided for them, with a course coming as near as circum- 
stances permit to our own American college training, yet keeping the instruc- 
tion in close touch with the needs of their own people and with the motives to 
Christian service. This is what the American International College at Spring- 
field is trying now to provide for its Italian pupils. About one-third of the at- 
tendance there, or thirty-three in number, has consisted of Italians during the 
last two years. Future candidates for work among their own people are likely 
to be secured among these. 

The Presbyterians are giving to Italians a shorter course of training, while 
the Baptists begin this fall to give special training for Italian ministers, under 
the auspices of Colgate Universitv but locating the work in New York. With 
such new work as this now rapidly developing, why should not the leading de- 
nominations unite in supporting one strong institution, collegiate in character, 
with emphasis upon the teaching of the Bible, and then supplement this by such 
seminary training as mav be deemed best? The American International Col- 
lege has been for the last two years upon an inter-denominational basis, and 
among its former students who are now in the ministry are five Congregational- 
ists, four Methodists, three Baptists and three Presbyterians. There are now 
several students in attendance who expect to enter the Presbyterian ministry. 
Here certainly is the beginning of what might be made very effective bv de- 
nominational co-operation. What that school most needs to-day from us is a 
heartv financial support that will serve as an incentive to other denominations 
to join with us in maintaining that work. 

Beside this training of leaders for the Italian work there is needed also a 


local initiative on the part of our own churches. This is well illustrated by some 
of the Connecticut churches. For example, New Britain reports "An Italian 
Mission, maintained by four churches and the Missionary Society of Con- 
necticut. It meets in the South Church, holds a Wednesday evening prayer 
meeting, a Sunday evening service and has two clubs. The Italian missionary 
is under full pay. Eight members united with the South Church on January I, 
1907." A similar congregation meets in the First Church of Waterbury and 
various parts of the country furnish instances to show the success of similar ex- 

That it is a work worth doing and productive of lasting results is attested 
by those who have had experience in it. Certain Italians had left the place 
where they had become members of an Evangelical church and were not heard 
from for several years. Then a missionary was sent to look them up and found 
them in a small town holding a weekly prayer meeting in one of their homes 
and adding to their numbers by winning others. Some of those who have re- 
turned to Italy have established groups for worship amidst the difficult con- 
ditions of their home land. Such people are worth working for. Let us be 
ready, Congregational Christians, as much as in us lies "to preach the Gospel 
to them that are of Rome also." 

The Slavic peoples, as they are grouped by the immigration bureau, form 
rather a geographical than a racial class. For instance, Russian Jews are 
entered with others whose last permanent place of residence was in Russia, and 
the Finns, likewise. The Slavic population of Hungary, called Slovaks, are 
not owned as kinsmen at all by the Magyars, who constitute the majority and 
the ruling class in Hungary. But they are all entered together as coming from 
Hungary, and frequently referred to indiscriminately as "Hungarians" by peo- 
ple in this country. 

These racial divisions, combined with much of despotism and misgovern- 
ment, have led to strife, and to the suffering of oppression by the people of 
some Slavic countries. This has produced among them a strong desire to 
■emigrate, and the enterprise of steamship companies has furnished an abun- 
dance of alluring advertisements and personal solicitation, to encourage their 
coming to the United States. At the same time great idustrial opportunity has 
been afforded them here by the coal mines and iron works of Pennsylvania and 
Ohio, and the packing houses of Chicago. Accepted, — perhaps even invited to 
come. — at first, as a cheaper class of labor by the mining companies, they soon 
came in force, and the Irish and Welsh miners withdrew before them to a 
restricted section of the anthracite coal field. This process, which has been go- 
ing on for over twenty years, is admirably described by Mr. Frank J. Warne in 
"The Slav Invasion." 

With 125.000,000 of the Slavic people to draw from, and with great forces 
antagonistic to their welfare acting upon them to drive them out, it is not sur- 
prising that the number of these immigrants should be very great. No others 
are in greater need of that "asylum for the oppressed" which America still 'Of- 
fers. Here, thev feel thev have some rights, and a certain degree of sympathy. 
In New York City the Russian refugees, mostly Jews, are welcomed by their 
own race, with its United Hebrew Charities ; in smaller places, as in Norfolk, 
Va., a few years ago, a public meeting in the synagogue to protest against the 
Kishineff massacres, brought out leading American citizens to speak upon the 
subject, and in Galveston, lately, a newly arrived shipload of immigrants was 
welcomed by the Mayor. 

The Finns come here and get freedom to use their own language, — until 
they or their children learn English, — undisturbed by the educational despotism 
•of Russia. The Slovaks and the Magyars are loosed from the friction of a 


galling yoke that keeps them continually wrangling in Hungary, and the men 
from the Balkan states are no longer beset by the petty quarrels and uprisings 
of those troubled nationalities. They breathe the free air of a free land, what- 
ever may be the condition of their homes here. 

Our immigration of 1,285,000 this past year included 613,000 from Slavic 
countries. They are distributed mainly to the Middle and Western states, 
Avhile New England gets comparatively a small number, except of the Poles 
and Russian Jews. 

Confining our attention now to those who are Slavs by race, as well as by 
nationality, we find among them a much greater variety of condition and local 
custom and religion than in any other group. They are not the wholly rough, 
illiterate and unruly class that they have often been regarded. Watch a thou- 
sand of them leaving the North German Lloyd Steamer at Baltimore, and you 
see a simple, rude but sturdy lot of people, honest and able-bodied, looking as if 
they would work with energy, — and, to be sure, fight with equal energy if they 
got into a dispute. Miss Emily Balch, of the Department of Sociology in 
Wellesley College, spent some time in seeing the parts of Europe from which 
the Slavs are coming. She found them in their own homes, (described 
in the issue of Charities and Commons for 1906) a sober, industrious 
class of peasants, with comparatively few vices, and considerable virtues of 
their own, but poor in land, poor in homes, poor in wages paid, and constantly 
beckoned to come over to America by those who have succeeded the best here, 
— the unsuccessful not wishing to advertise their failure. 

Following them across to this country, we find them undergoing the great 
changes from rural to city life, or from out-door labor to the underground toil of 
the mines, or the reeking atmosphere of "packing town." Even if Upton Sin- 
clair's book "The Jungle" does give too flaming a picture of the conditions 
there, still it is evident that such new conditions of life and work must present 
many demoralizing aspects to these inexperienced Slavs. So the great question 
■ comes again before us, what of their children? What will the next, and the 
next and the next generations be like? Will they show the natural fruitage of 
the seed that is being sown by the Freethinkers' Society, and its Sunday 
schools, — answering the question "What duties do I owe to God?" by the reply 
"Since there is no God, no duties can be owed to him" — or will they be swayed 
by those forces that have laid the foundation for American freedom, intel- 
ligence and prosperity upon faith in God, duty as obedience, and the principles 
by which Christ showed us the way of life? That is the great question con- 
fronting our Churches and Home Missionary Societies to-day, and the right 
answer is to be given not in words, but by gifts and deeds in service of these 
new neighbors, or a wrong answer by witholding these. 

As conditions affecting our work for them, we must look to the religious 
status of different Slavic groups. 

The Bohemians or Czechs come from a country that is Roman Catholic, 
"but they have not wholly lost the spirit of freedom in religion, which was so 
manifest in the days of John Huss. They revere his memory, and even among 
those who have reacted from religious oppression into atheism there are many 
who are feeling their way back by degrees towards a positive belief. They are 
not illiterate, but make as good a showing as the Finns in their ability to read 
and write, supporting forty-two Bohemian papers in the United States, thirty 
of which are declared to be anti-Christian. Of the 100,000 Bohemians in Chic- 
ago, it is stated that more than two-thirds have forsaken the Catholic Church. 

Here, certainly, is opportunity enough for all Protestant Churches to work 
for them. The work now done is summed up by Dr. McLanahan as follows, 
(pp. 42 and 43 of "Our People of Foreign Speech") : "The Baptists have lit- 




tie work among the Bohemians. The Methodists appropriated $13,300 for 
Bohemian and Hungarian work in 1904, mainly for Baltimore, and the regions 
of Pittsburg, Cleveland, Chicago and upper Iowa. The Congregationalists, 
through their Slavic Department, have missions in Cleveland, St. Louis, and at 
a few points in Iowa, Nebraska and elsewhere. The Presbyterians have twenty- 
eight Bohemian churches and missions, with a membership of 1,529." 

Our own work was begun in Cleveland in 1882 by Dr. Henry A. Schauffler, 
single-handed, and with little except his faith and his experience as a mission- 
ary in Prague to give 

him confidence in there- 
suits. There were then, 
according to his own 
statement, "25,000 
spiritually destitute Bo- 
hemians of Cleveland." 
There are now four 
stations in the four 
chief Slavic districts of 
Cleveland. There are 
only two organized 
churches, but the Bo- 
hemian work at Beth- 
lehem Church, Mizpah 
Chapel, Cyril and Em- 


manuel Churches 
shows a gradual yet 
encouraging growth. 
With Cleveland 
standing third among 
American cities as' 
regards the number 
of its Bohemian 
inhabitants there is 
room for a much 
detained for special inquiry larger work. 

In Baltimore, where there are some 10,000 Bohemians only, the Presby- 
terians have native Bohemian pastors, a deaconess, who works at the docks and 
among the families; they help to sustain an immigrant home, and are starting a 
new work largely among Bohemians with kindergarten, sewing-school and 
Sunday services, maintained by the personal services of lay members of the 
American churches. 

Our educational work for Bohemians and other Slavs consists of the 
Schauffler Missionarv Training School in Cleveland, established in 1886, and 
the Slavic Department of Oberlin Seminary. The school has had over 100 
pupils of seven nationalities, more than fifty-five have graduated from its 
courses, two-thirds of whom have been engaged in some form of missionary 
work among their own peoples. This work has been conducted in fourteen dif- 


ferent states, and under five different evangelical denominations. It is a work 
of general, not merely local importance to our denomination, and is rightly sus- 
tained in part by the Congregational Education Society. 

The Slavic Department at Oberlin, through the generous gift some years 
ago of $75,000 by Miss Walworth of Cleveland, is now able to care for all the 
young men who are ready to be trained for the ministry. Its graduates, like- 
wise, have worked under different denominations, partly because the Congre- 
gational Home Missionary Society could not provide places and support for 
all of them when they were ready to enter its ranks of workers. 

In Chicago, there is missionary work conducted for Bohemians by five dif- 
ferent denominations, mostly "on traditional missionary lines, except for the 
little social work done by Congregationalists" (boys' and girls' clubs, cooking- 
school, kindergarten, etc.) The Congregationalists reach to greater or less ex- 
tent some two hundred families, and all five, denominations together touch not 
more than five hundred and fifty families, and this out of a Bohemian popula- 
tion of 100,000 in the city of Chicago. 

The Poles do not require or receive as much attention from us at present, 
as some of the other Slavs. It is not because they are few in number, for in 
7900 there were already nearly 670,000 of Polish birth or parentage in our 
country; nor because they do not need instruction, for one-third of them can 
neither read nor write; nor because they are already New Testament Chris- 
tians, for many of them have repudiated all religion. It is because they are 
very clannish as a nationality, and bigoted in their views. They are inclined to 
be eitfier fanatically and factionally devoted to the Catholic Church, or else in- 
clined to socialistic views with equal vehemence. Various workers and students 
of experience have placed them among the people who are most difficult of ac- 

There are some among them, however, who are more approachable, and for 
such we have several graduates of the Schauffier School at work, in various 
cities of the West, and in New York. Among the 40,000 Polish people of 
Cleveland there is just one Congregational mission, and yet it is doubtful 
whether any more could be successfully carried on. They are not calling for. 
nor even ready to accept our help at present. Such a statement applies especial- 
ly to the foreign born adults. Whether the assimilative work of the public 
schools for the boys and girls could be effectually aided by social work under 
church auspices, and with a motive of Christian friendliness, is a question worth 

The Russians are really the least numerous of all the immigrants who come 
from Russia, being far outnumbered by the Hebrews, the Poles and the Finns. 
In six years, 1900-1905, about 14,000 of them came, about one-third of them to 
Pennsylvania. Among the Russians are more skilled workmen and profession- 
al men than is the case with other nationalities ; and included in these are forty. 
to fiftv priests of the Greek Church, who minister to congregations in the 
United States or in Alaska. Colporters of the Bible and Tract Societies meet 
with good success among them, but there is little Protestant missionary work 
exceot this, and apparently no special call for it 

The Slovaks, who are the Slavs from Hungary, and from Southern 
Moravia, are much like the Bohemians. They are the most numerous of the 
Slavs in both the soft and hard coal regions of Pennsylvania, numbering- now 
some 200000 in that state, with 150,000 in New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Il- 
linois, and o + her states. Two-thirds of the immigrants are men, of whom a 
large proportion will return to Europe in a few years, and in the meantime save 
Up their monev. by living- like the Italians under very crowded and unsanitary 
conditions. Like the Italians, too, they are ignorant, and excitable, inclined to 




be quarrelsome, and subject to boss rule. .But Miss Balch from her study of 
these people in their old homes is inclined to regard them as offering better 
material for citizenship than is ordinarily supposed. Professor Steiner is of 
the same favorable opinion. He has written in a very enlightening way about 
all the Slavs in that most readable book "On the Trail of the Immigrant." He 
has expressed elsewhere the opinion that "there are coming from among the 
Slavic people, Protestants who would be open to appeal, and from among 
whom leaders could be raised up for the evangelization of all the Slavic people." 
He refers especially to the Slovaks, some of whom have been among the 
students of the Slavic department at Oberlin. Professor Miskovsky, of that 
department, speaks of the Slovaks as being among the Slavs the most respon- 
sive to religious influences. , 

The Roman Catholic Church cares for its section of the Slovaks, having 
fifteen churches in the anthracite region, and much work in or about Chicago, 

From left to right: 

Courtesy of Baptist City Missionary Society 


New York and Pittsburg. But a good half of the Slovaks are adherents of the 
Greek Church, while still others belong to the small and struggling Lutheran 
congregations, which have meetings in some seventy different places, fifty of 
them in Pennsylvania. 

This would seem to be a case where an undenominational agency like the 
Young Men's Christian Association can do excellent work, especially in view of 
the fact that some two-thirds of the Slovaks now in this country are men, liv- 
ing largely in lodging houses rather than in homes. The Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association of Pennsylvania is awake to this opportunity, and, through a 
commission, made last year a careful study of the needs and ways of meeting 
them among the foreigners of the coal regions. 

We Congregationalists have a small but useful beginning of work among 
the Slovaks of the Pittsburg district, and some gain in membership is being 




made in all but one of our four Slovak Congregational Churches in Pennsyl- 
vania. Other denominations j especially the Presbyterians, are pushing ahead in 
their work for the Slovaks and other Slavs.' Multiply the number of these 
nationalities by the number of evangelical churches working among them, and 
you have a complex situation that is both bewildering and disheartening. It 
seems foolish to offer in competition our divided branches of American Chris- 
tianity as a solution of the difficulties and distractions that have arisen from the 
threefold division of European Christianity, Roman, Greek, and Lutheran, as 
they are all met with in the one group of the Slovaks. 

Before we have done with the Slavs there are yet other nationalities to be 
reckoned with, other languages, other shades of belief. Babel is upon us again, 
and we have to deal with the Ruthenians, (160,000 in the United States now), 
the Croatians and Slavonians, (155,000, seven-eighths of them men, mostly in 
•Pennsylvania), the Dalmatians, the Bulgarians, the Servians and the Rouman- 
ians, with their Romance tongue. It would take too long, and be quite aside 

Courtesy of Baptist City Missionary Society 

from the purpose of this article, to consider all of these in detail. The mere 
mention of so many people is enough to show us that unless we wish to make 
''confusion worse confounded" we are set the task of somehow getting togeth- 
er, we of Protestant America, to present a more united front and to make our 
work count for more by concerted efforts for the spiritual enlightenment of 
those who come in semi-ignorance to our shores. A simple gospel confined to 
the vital truths that touch the heart and win men to their real Lord and Saviour 
Jesus Christ, does not need to be complicated by the intricate matters of polity 
or creed or sacrament upon which the denominations have separated. We will 
return to this point and discuss it more fully in the last section of this article. 

Now that we have seen pass in review these regiments of our great army of 
invasion, and while the transport ships are still landing them in undiminished 
ranks upon our shores, let us turn to the next question concerning our relation 
to their needs. 




THE very first problem that presents itself here is the matter of language. 
You go into a German Young Men's Christian Association in Buffalo, and 
find hymns, prayers, and addresses all in German. Or, go out a few miles 
from the old Pilgrim town of Plymouth near the Cordage Company's works at 
Seaside, and you find on a Sunday morning a service being held in German at 
one place of worship, and right next door a Congregational service in Italian. 

This is well, — for the older people, or as long as new ones keep on coming, 
but how long is it to- continue? To keep it up indefinitely would not only im- 
pose a much heavier burden upon our missionary societies, than if the work 
could be carried on in English, but it would tend to postpone the thorough 
Americanizing of these Europeans. 

The present situation as regards this matter has been well put in several 
missionary reports. A Baptist Secretary says : "The French, the Italians and 
the Syrians are now unwontedly accessible, and the only limitation which is had 
to the progress of their evangelization is an inability to provide workers who 
can preach to them in their own tongues." The pastor of the Halsted Street 
Institutional Church in Chicago, (Methodist Episcopal), writes: "One week 
last summer the pastor made twenty calls, and in sixteen of the homes a child 
interpreter was required to make conversation with the mother possible. The 
mere fact of a difference in language is enough in itself almost to discourage 
the Christian worker, but when one encounters other difficulties of a more 
serious nature, one is spurred on to overcome in some way all barriers, and win 
ihese people for God and our country." Another report declares that "it is im- 
peratively necessary to secure trained missionaries of the nationality or race we 
are seeking to reach. No single fact stands out more prominently in the study 
of this problem of foreign evangelization than the need of training schools for 
home missionaries for the foreign population. Here is the new work to which 
our theological schools should address themselves." 

These opinions are not chosen to present agreement with one another, but 
represent what seems to be a general consensus of opinion. That thorough 
student of the subject. Dr. McLanahan, says in the last chapter of his book 
"To find suitable ministers for churches of foreign speech is the feature of 
greatest difficulty in this work to-day. Where there are Protestant Churches 
abroad, ministers trained there may sometimes be obtained. But while there 
are notable exceptions, the general experience of the American churches seems 
to be that it is unsatisfactory to employ here ministers of foreign birth and 
training. Even where there h no question of character raised, their views and 
practices usually differ widely from those prevailing here and they are accord- 
ingly unfitted to bring the people into harmony with American church life. It 
is far better to educate here the men who are to work here." 

Although we may be compelled to admit that this is the present situation, 
yet we must also feel that it ought not to continue indefinitely. While we are 
leaching a few of the adults in their own language, the children are growing 
up aoace, knowing and preferring to speak our language, — or if not pure 
English, at least how to "talk United States," in all its latest street idioms. It 
is the children and youth with whom we ought to be chiefly concerned. As the 
head of one of our most efficient City Missionary Societies states their case, 
"They are coming; on the scene. The older ones are going off. They count, 
socially and politically, and religiously also, in our future, while the older do 
not count for much." 

So it is encouraging to find that the Sunday School in many cases forms the 
point of transition from the foreign tongue to English. At the foreign church- 


e.s near Plymouth, the Bible school sessions are held jointly in the afternoon, 
American, German and Italian children meeting together, and only English 
being used in the teaching. In some congregations the transition is made also 
in the church services, by introducing first an English service on alternate Sun- 
day evenings, then by having all the evening services in English, and then 
repeating the gradual process with the morning services. 

The purpose to make such a change whenever possible ought to be kept 
clearly in mind in all our work for foreigners. In some localities it may come 
soon, in others not for many years. Two strong expressions on this subject 
come from workers of long experience. The report of Grace Church (Epis- 
copalian) in New York City, has this significant paragraph : 

"It ought also to be noted that there are many children of Italian parentage 
in our Sunday School, as has been the case for years, and this is natural and to 
be desired. Let segregation continue so long as segregation must be because 
of the ignorance of any, but no longer. So far as possible, all our children 
should grow up together in the regular services of the church, as they are 
growing up together in the public schools. This is not only a religious, but a 
civic duty imposed upon us." 

Dr. Emrich, of the Massachusetts Home Missionary Society, has thus ex- 
pressed his views : 

"Another adjustment to the needs of the Kingdom in Massachusetts, is the 
preparation of the American pastors to minister to the foreign-speaking peo- 
ples in their midst. For the present we may have to use men of foreign birth 
and training, but in the near future the students in our seminaries, even pas- 
tors on the field, ought to fit themselves by learning one or more foreign 
languages to minister to the different peoples among us. A young devoted 
American priest fits himself to speak Polish, German, Italian, Hungarian, 
French and Slavonian in order to meet the needs of his parish. Ought not an 
American student who is to labor in the Protestant communions to have a like 
spirit of devotion?" 

Such statements as the above doubtless express the ideal towards which we 
are to work. But in the meantime, there is great call for preaching and teach- 
ing in the foreign tongues, by members of the foreign races. Another of our 
state home missionary secretaries, Rev. Joel S. Ives, speaking of Italian work 
in Connecticut, says "A dozen points regularly and as many occasionally, are 
reached with the gospel in the Roman tongue, and after an intimate knowledge 
of the work it may be affirmed that the results are richly commensurate with 
the expenditure ; that the appeal for increase is imperative ; that the general 
methods of work are approved." 



WE have our first opportunity with the immigrants upon their arrival at 
our docks. It is somewhat unique in its character, for most of the 
steerage passengers are full of the consciousness that they are 
"strangers in a strange land." They dread the delays and inquisition of the 
Government inspection. They are fresh from the trials of overcrowding and 
perhaps seasickness ; weary, yet full of anticipation and hope in reaching our 
shores. Every kind word and helpful act counts for twice its ordinary worth 
at such a time. The treatment accorded by government officials is almost 
uniformly fair and humane, but they have little time to show sympathy or help 
those in distress. Consequently they welcome the services of missionaries 
speaking the languages of the immigrants, and all reasonable facilities are af- 
forded for approaching them. Of course, there is no opportunity at the docks 
for preaching, — merely for the giving of friendly aid and counsel, explaining 


the things that perplex them, and giving them good Christian literature in their 
own language. Those immigrants who have secured through tickets to their 
destination are usually taken very soon from the docks, under escort, across to 
the railroad stations of New York or Jersey City ; or by trains that start direct- 
ly from the docks at Baltimore and East Boston. But there are many others 
who have to wait for friends, or are without sufficient information to find the 
place they seek. Only a very few there are who have not decided where to go. 
In such cases the temporary homes for immigrants, such as are maintained for 
the Slavs in Baltimore, for Italians cared for by their Society in New York, 
lor the Scandinavians and others by Congregational aid and also under Meth- 
odist auspices in East Boston, are of the greatest value, and save many un- 
fortunate men and women from getting stranded or going astray during their 
first days here. 

This sort of general missionary. work at the docks is carried on by ten or a 
dozen workers at Baltimore, by twenty-eight or more at Ellis Island and by 
eight or ten in Boston. They are placed there either by the Bible and Tract So- 
cieties, or by the Home and City Missionary Societies of the different de- 
nominations. Large facilities for doing this work are needed by all, and it is 
Dr. Grose's admirable suggestion that at Ellis Island inter-denominational 
headquarters should be provided for them bv concerted action 



THIS must be regarded, in the light of all the facts so far considered, as the 
main part of our problem. We are aware that the school authorities are 
almost all of them working hard to keep school facilities on a par with the 
demand. Our educational system is branching out, with night schools, with 
manual training, with roof playgrounds in some cases, to afford sufficient op- 
portunities to the children of the steerage and the tenements. Municipalities 
are providing playgrounds and recreation piers for both young and old. Philan- 
thropy, most of it thoroughly Christian in motive, and much of it also Christian 
in its source, is working mightily through Chrildren's Aid Societies and Free 
Kindergartens, and Boys' Club Associations and Fresh Air Funds ; while the 
Social Settlements are making a very great contribution to the deeper under- 
standing of city problems, besides touching unnumbered lives and homes with 
the light of helpful sympathy and stimulus and guidance. 

Then, when we look to our medical service, we find the children's hospitals 
and dispensaries, the floating hospitals and convalescents' homes and the coun- 
try week for crippled children. Some of the little waifs must occasionally feel 
that it is a good thing to be sick. — for a while ; for the sentiment of pity for 
physical suffering, especially that of the young, is easily aroused. When it 
comes to dealing with morals and character that are breaking down, the senti- * 
ments of blame often overpower those of sympathy and of desire to recover the 
lost. Stern and uncompromising punishment of crime has been considered, 
especially by the state, the chief duty. But see what is now coming to pass ! 
The needs of childhood are making themselves felt before the eyes of the law. 
To the Reformatory and Probation system there is being added the whole new 
apparatus of Juvenile Courts and visitors. As there are specialists in the pre- 
vention and cure of children's diseases, so, under the lead of Judge Lindsey, 
there are coming to be specialists in the prevention as well as the detection and 
punishment of children's offences. 

What, then, are the churches doing to keep abreast of this modern movement 
pro bono publico? They have invented the Sunday School, — not recently, 
however, — and have used it effectively as a supporting and developing agency 
among the young, but rather ineffectively as a missionary agency towards 


reaching the children outside. There are flourishing mission Sunday Schools, 
both great and small, but it is astonishing how little they affect the mass of 
these children of foreigners whom we are considering. The same thing is true 
of the Christian Endeavor Societies, and indeed of nearly all regular church 
services. They reach some, and do good work, but on a comparatively small 
scale. They are jail giving the invitation faithfully, but they do not, in most 
instances, "go out and compel them to come in." 

What then? Must the churches hand over their "going out" to the Salva- 
tion Army workers, who certainly do get out into the highways and the by- 
ways? Or must it call in some theatrical agency like the Rev. Billy Sunday, 
and tell him to do the compelling, after his own boisterous and sometimes 
shocking fashion ? No, indeed. The churches have no need to abdicate, and no 
right. Let them take up and use the agencies that they have already called into 
existence, for the very purpose of doing home missionary work among the 
foreigners and their children. Rev. H. H. Kelsey has pointed out very clearly 
the necessity and the opportunity for more effective use of the Sunday School 
as a missionary agency. (If you have not read it, send to the C. H. M. S. for 
his treatment of one of "Our Undeveloped Reasources, — The Children"). 

Some churches are so situated that they can do their best extension work by 
maintaining a branch or mission Sunday School and preaching services. The 
total number of such mission churches is large. But the number of those con- 
ducted with especial reference to reaching the foreigners is comparatively 
small. Wherever it is possible to add sewing or cooking classes for the girls, 
and Sloyd classes for the boys, not merely for the sake of teaching these things, 
but to give a better chance for personal acquaintance and influence among the 
young, work may be carried on more successfully. Dr. Vaughn (Methodist) 
of Chicago, speaks frOm a large experience when he declares that "Methods in 
church services must be changed to meet the prejudices of the people with 
whom we work. When one has to choose between no congregation and a 
change of method, it does not take long to make the change. Institutional 
methods thus far are successful." The last report on Presbyterian Home Mis- 
sions makes a similar assertion : "It is not sufficient simply to open a church or 
hall where a meeting can be held and expect the people to come. A great deal 
of preparatory work must be done." 

The great hindrance to an enlargement of the scope of our work for for- 
eigners lies, of course, in the expense which seems to be involved. But it has 
been found in a city like Worcester, according to Dr. Mix, the Superintendent 
of the City Missionary Society, that "this work can readily be done in our 
church buildings and parish houses, putting property unused for a greater part 
of the time into most effective service. Institutional methods, to which both 
parents and children respond, open the way for indirect religious effort which 
gradually crystallizes naturally into some formal worship and organization, re- 
sulting at length in branches of the parent church for the older people, with 
temporary preaching in their own tongue, while their children are absorbed in- 
to our Sunday Schools, and later on into the church itself. This method re- 
quires but few trained and paid workers, and opens the way for any number of 
volunteer workers from our churches, hence is economical in every way." 

Doubtless a great many more of our churches would engage in work along 
these lines, if they realized the pressing importance of getting at these spiritual- 
ly needy aliens. Some of them may not be so located that they can carry on 
such work directly, and a vast number of the foreigners themselves are living 
where single churches cannot get at them directly, — out in the lumber and labor 
and mining camps or in the congested city districts. For these masses the work 
of aided churches, downtown, of religious settlements, and still more of our city 


missionary and home missionary societies is indispensable. More and more the 
''Constituent Societies" of our older states are developing this work. In Mass- 
achusetts, while $30,000 was appropriated last year in aid of native churches, 
nearly $19,000 was given in aid of foreign-speaking churches and missions. In 
connection with the foreign work of thirty-four congregations, 380 new mem- 
bers were received. In Connecticut our Missionary Society aids twenty-seven 
churches of foreigners and forty of native population, and has five missions be- 

This work, with that of our Congregational Home Missionary Society, the 
common enterprise of all our churches, is what most of all calls for hearty sup- 
port. No one who studies the immigration problem can accuse any of our mis- 
sionary societies of having gone ahead too fast, but he is apt to think that the 
church has lagged too far behind Now is the time, by gifts, by service and by 
prayer to "bring the troops up to the standard." 



THE task of making Christian citizens of the foreigners and their children 
is one of rapidly increasing vastness. Much of that which has been at- 
tempted so far has been of an experimental nature, and has been tried 
only upon a small scale. A fully adequate effort will require the putting forth 
of all their strength by all our churches, — and something more. The most ef- 
fective use of that strength is essential. That calls for better co-ordination of the 
different agencies at work, and a much larger degree of co-operation between the 
denominations engaged in it. As the Presbyterian Report on Home Missions 
for 1906 says, "the agencies engaged in this mission are so various that there 
results an unnecessary multiplication of appeals. In some instances a duplicat- 
ing of agencies, in many cases the work imperfectly begun and the abandoned, 
because the organization or agency beginning had not the funds or equipment 
for carrying it further." If this is true, even in the work of a single denomina- 
tion!, how much more true it becomes when six or seven different denominations 
are all at work, for twenty or more nationalities, along as many as four dif- 
ferent lines. Multiply six by twenty by four and you get four hundred and 
eighty as the index number of the main subdivisions of this foreign work as it 
is carried on at present by the different denominations, along somewhat varied 
but parallel lines. Great waste of effort and attenuation of strength are caused 
by this excessive subdivision. We act as if we. were determined to administer 
rhe healing power of the gospel only in homeopathic doses, or, to use a different 
figure, the Christian Church of America seems to resolve itself into a host of 
separate squads or detachments, all sent out on the skirmish line, instead of 
maintaining an unbroken front for a well-planned, aggressive campaign, based 
on thorough scouting and mapping of the field of operations. 

In seeking a way out of such conditions there are several directions in which 
we may turn, and find that hopeful progress is being made along each of these 

( 1 ) The work of undenominational agencies, such as the Young Men's and 
Young Women's Christian Associations. This has been referred to already. 
Where the men or the women are in large, compact groups, or where they are 
somewhat cut off from ordinary lines of church ministry, as in the case of the 
railroad employes, these associations are undoubtedly the best agencies to 
employ. The simple, undenominational character of the meetings held under 
Young Men's Christian Association auspices in factories affords another chance 
for union of effort. We may class the Salvation Army also as undenom- 
inational, at least in the matters of creed and ceremony. A missionary, re- 
turned from Japan, and weary of sectarian divisions, remarked that neither the 


Young Men's Christian Association nor the Salvation Army had the Lord's 
Supper or Baptism to fight about. 

(2) Organizations formed to bring together the evangelical denominations 
in certain lines of work. "The Federation of Churches and of Christian Organ- 
izations in New York City" has done very effective work in investigation and 
in reporting the results of its inquiries in useful form. It has helped to bring 
about a wise and strategic location of new church enterprises and college settle- 
ments. It has made possible and taken the leadership in some new forms of 
concerted effort. The Vacation Bible Schools of New York City gathered from 
the streets over six thousand children in the summer of 1906. At just the time 
when schools were mostly closed, when church workers were fewest and 
churches least frequented, it made use for five days each week of twenty-three 
church buildings belonging to seven different denominations. Bible stories in 
English, songs, Scripture verses, manual training and the like made up a varied 
and attractive morning session and kept the attendance, which was purely vol- 
untary, up to an average of 1,847. The children were of all races and religions, 
and the teachers, seventy-five of them chosen from four times as many col- 
lege students who applied for positions, were of all denominations. It is dif- 
ficult to measure the preparation of good soil in human hearts, or the desec- 
tarianizing effect upon the workers and churches engaged in it, of such an in- 
terdenominational work as this. 

Federation methods have been used elsewhere with success. In Rhode Is- 
land last March a conference of nine denominations was held to discuss the 
best way in which to combine and distribute their efforts. They decided to 
prepare a circular which was to be translated into foreign tongues, stating the 
essential unity of the different Protestant denominations, and that "they all de- 
sire rather to supplement than to antagonize the Roman Church." In Maine an 
interdenominational commission has been .found to be "of inestimable service. 
According to a recent vote of the commission, that denomination which is the 
strongest in a given community where there is a large foreign population is to 
have exclusive charge of the foreign work. If, for any reason, that denomina- 
tion does not take up the work, then any church is to be at liberty to take it." 

We have now at hand, ready for application and use in all parts of our 
country, not only such effective methods as those of the Federations, but a new 
series of interdenominational movements for interesting and training the young 
people, especially, of our churches in missionary enterprises. The Religious 
Education Association has brought to the front the whole question of broaden- 
ing and at the same time consolidating the Christian nurture of future genera- 
tions. For specific missionary consecration, the successful appeal of the Stu- 
dent Volunteer Movement has been made to those in our colleges, and more 
recently the Young Peoole's Missionary Movement and the Laymen's Move- 
ment have sprung up with wonderful freshness and vigor, to rouse the young 
people and the business men of our churches to an appreciation of the great 
successes already won and the great opportunities still unused by the Christian 
Churches of our land. There can hardly be a question that the growing in- 
fluence of these organizations is very largelv due to their sinking out of sight 
all denominational differences, except as affording lines of classification and 
division of labor, — not division of svmpathy. The work of the secretaries, the 
editors, the conference workers and the local leaders of these movements has 
been much more economical of effort and cost, much more productive of good 
results, because the denominational fences were down and the plowmen could 
keep on the full length of the field. Whv may not this partial answer to our 
Lord's prayer "that they all may be one" be considered typical of what must 
some day come about in the actual conduct of missions, as well as in the work 


of arousing missionary interest? 

(3) Direct co-operation between the missionary boards of different de- 
nominations. Sunday Schools and Christian Endeavor Societies are enabled to 
use uniform lessons and prayer meeting topics by their union for co-operation 
in local, state, national and even international bodies. The denominational lines 
are not very much in evidence there. When it comes to church organizations 
and to missionary work from which churches are expected to develope, they are 
necessarily more prominent. Let them be freely recognized there, as was done 
in beginning missionary work in Porto Rico after the American occupation. 
Just as that field was parcelled out among different denominations, so some 
plan may be found to distribute and apportion the work for different national- 
ities in certain localities. As Dr. McLanahan has well said : "No one denom- 
ination is called upon to minister to all nationalities, and everywhere. There is 
a most appropriate field here for denominational comity and the assignment of 
fields ; even if the whole need cannot be met at once, to do even a part will be 

Undoubtedly our denominational habits and points of view, our praise- 
worthy loyalty to the best we have, our pride and exclusiveness, as well, are all 
too strong in each one of our denominations to enable us to join forces accord- 
ing to any cut and dried plan. Harmony of working must come about gradual- 
ly. But it is certainly a most favorable time for us to work towards that ideal 
which is expressed in the words of Secretary Emrich : "Church union may be 
a dream of Utopia, but it must ever be the ideal of the man who has the vision 
of the Christ of the Gospels. We must emphasize the things in which as 
evangelical Christians we are united, and minimize the differences inherited 
from the fathers. The unity of the Spirit is to be held up. In our work for 
the depleted towns of the country, in our labors among the peoples speaking 
foreign languages, coming to us with foreign ideals, we must federate. The 
Kingdom must be a larger thing than any ism. Polity and varieties of doctrine 
must be subordinated to the leadership, of the unifying spirit of Jesus. In view 
of the changing conditions of the state ("Massachusetts), it is imperative that 
the Protestant bodies federate or merge their work." 

When we try to work out that ideal, we meet this paradox. The complexity 
and pressure of this work, which demand harmony of effort, are the very things 
that prevent it. Our missionarv secretaries and workers have their hands too 
full of their own affairs. They cannot, if they would, drop them long enough 
or frequentlv enough to compare notes, and arrange plans with reference to the 
work of other societies and missionaries. 

There is great reason for hopefulness at present in view of the increasing 
interest in the work for foreigners that is being shown in all parts of the coun- 
try, and in view of the steadilv increasing momentum of interdenominational 
movements. There never was a better time for praying and striving for re- 
inforcements of our staff of workers, for replenishment of our treasuries, for 
revival of a deep, self-sacriMcinc: interest in home missions. Our Congregation- 
al Home Missionary Societv, in this ninth decade of its history, ought to be 
snven the full extent of support that it requires to keep up with this new work. 
Give it monev enough to turn experiments into assured and self-supporting 
enterprises. Give it workers enough to enable it to have its part in all inter- 
denominational movements. Give it thought and praver enough to make you 
follow its work with some eagerness. Then this work among the foreigners 
will be taken up with renewed zeal and enlarged success : and they whose needs 
are so manv, and who themselves are such an ever increasing multitude, will 
find the "five loaves and two small fishes" made sufficient for their needs 
through the blessing of the Master. For he "when he saw the multitudes, was 
moved with compassion towards them." 

Important to Women 

By Mrs. B. W, Firman — President 

THE annual meeting of the Federation in Cleveland, in Octo- 
ber, will be an important gathering. Among the subjects 
to be discussed will be the question of our relation to in- 
terdenominational work. During this summer, Congregationalism 
has been well represented at the Home Mission Study Con- 
ferences at Winona Lake, Indiana, and at Silver Bay, New York. 
These were notable occasions, bringing together strong zvomen 
from over a dozen denominations for the study of the Home Mis- 
sion text-book, "Citizens of To-morrow:' 

As Congregational zvomen we have been scattered and de- 
tached so long that we have to submit ourselves to a readjustment 
now that we are federated and taking a place nationally with 
other Women's Home Missionary organizations.. While our 
primary reason for forming the National Federation may have 
been the strengthening of our ozvn particular stakes and the 
lengthening of Congregational cords, we must acknozvledge that 
we are in much better shape to take our place in the inter-denom- 
inational movements than ever before. 

It is hoped that as the years go by, and the work of these sum- 
mer conferences develops, there may be an increasing attendance 
of our zvomen to enjoy the privileges of the united study and to 
share the enjoyment of meeting and knowing leaders in so many 
other denominations. 


MAINE— $66,95. NEW YORK— $366; of which legacy, $93.75. 

Maine Missionary Society, 54.35; Portland, J. Angola, A. H. Ames, 5; Binghamton, Ply- 

H. Dow, 10; West Brooksville, 2.60. mouth, 6; Brooklyn, Estate of H. G. Combes, 

93.75; New York City, M. C. Kepner, 10; 

NEW HAMPSHIRE — $144.28. Orient, 25; Portchester, 25; Port Leyden, A. J. 

New Hampshire H. M. Society, 97.28; Brook- Schroeder, 30; Warsaw, 8.21; White Plains, 

line, Mrs. A. B. Russell, 2; Candia, 45. Westchester, 135.76; Willsboro, 16; Woodville, 

VERMONT — $308.49; of which legacy, $300. 

Randolph, Rev. W. T. Sparhawk, 1; Vergen- NEW JERSEY— $34.00. 

nes, Estate of Martha E. Haven, 300 ; Waterbury, Elizabeth, W. T. Franklin, 25 ; Little Ferry, 

7.49. German Evan., 6; Paterson, Swedish, 3. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $6,790.83; of which leg- PENNSYLVANIA— $22.00. 

acies, $5,573.36. Received by Rev. C. A. Jones, Arnot, S. S., 

Massachusetts H. M. Society, 657.76; Special, O. Jones, 5; Shamokin, 5; Spring Creek Station, 

250; Belchertown, 31; Bernardston, Estate of 7; Titusville, Swedish, 3; West Spring Creek, 2. 
Martha C. Ryther, 4,750; Holyoke, First, 75; 

Interlaken, Mrs. L. W. Converse, 10; Leo- GEORGIA — $13.63. 

minster, F. A. Whitney, 15; Newburyport, Bel- Atlanta, Marietta St., 5; Wilsonville, Rocky 

leville, 59.86; Northampton, Estate of William Hill, 1.20; Demorest, Union, 7.43. 
H. Harris, 221.50; Royalston, First, 16.85; 

Salem, Tab., 25 ; Springfield, North, 75 ; West ALABAMA — $4.20. 

Springfield, Estate of Sarah S. Eldridge, 601.86; Brantley, J. F. Morris, 1.20; Florala, 2.50; 

Worcester, Mrs. A. A. Gallonpa, 2. Tallassee, 1st, .50. 

CONNECTICUT— $4,375,65; of which legacies, ARKANSAS— $15.00. 

$3,082. Gentry, 15. 

Missionary Society of Connecticut, 586.29 ; 

Bloomfield, 10.21; Bristol, F. Bruen, 5; LOUISIANA — $2.50. 

Danbury, Calvary, 3 ; Granby, First, 6.85 ; South, Hammond, S. S., 2.50. 
18.14; Hartford, Estate of C. E. Dory, 2,500; 

Center, Y. P. S. C. E., 30; Killingly, Estate of FLORIDA— $9.20. 

Marv J. Williams, 200; Middlefield, Estate of H. Melbourne. S. S., 5; Tampa, First, 4.20. 
L. Denison, 300 ; New London, Second, 330.61 ; 

North Stonington, 35; Salisbury, 40.40; West- TEXAS — $4.77. 

Chester, 3.55; Windham, First, 24.60; Woodbury, Texline, 4.77. 
Estate of C. W. Kirtland, 82. 

Woman's C. H. M. Union, Bequest of Mrs. INDIANA — $2.01. 

B. W. Allen, 200. Indianapolis, Brightwood S. S., 2.01. 

2 88 



MISSOURI— $9.00. S. S., 3-45? Lakota, S. S., 5; Niagara, C. M. 

Meadville, 9. English, 50. Total, $75-95- 

Granville, 1.51; Maxbass, 1.53; Pilgrim, -54". 

ARIZONA— $200.00. Plaza, 2.51; 'Granville, 1.43; Ruso, Nelson 

Prescott A Friend, 200. School House S. S., .80; Velva, Snare School 

House S. S., .95; Richardton, 3.56; Leipzig, 

WISCONSIN— $5.00. I-I4- 

Burlington, Plymouth S. S., 5- Woman's H. M. Union. Fargo, First, 14-15; 

Dwight, 5.75. Total, $19.90. 

IO IoJa~H 68 M 6 'Societ y , 68.26. SOUTH DAKOTA— $133.46. 

Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall, D. D., Leba- 

MINNESOTA— $677.91. non, 7.60; Logan. 9.55; Vermillion, 42.76. Total, 

Received bv Rev. G. R. Merrill, Cable, 4; $59-9i- , . 

Ed^erton, 5; Minneapolis, Pilgrim, 20; Plymouth, Academy, 4.20; Beresford, 30; Logan, 5.25; 

ioi%o- L H Halloc.k, D. D., 100; Rev. and Revillo, 4; Webster, 10.60; Selby, German, 12; 

Sauk Rapids, 8.09. Total, $260.74- Tyndall, Zoar German, 4; Valley Springs, 3.50. 
Mrs C B Fellows, 20; Sauk Center, S. S., 2.35; 

Kasota, Swedes, 2; Minneapolis, Plymouth, COLORADO— $38.50. 

11626- St. Anthony Park, 51.84; Winona, Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Colorado 

Scand ' 1 50 Springs, Hillside, .25 ; Lafayette, 3. Total, $3-25- 

Woman's H. M. Union. Anoka, 5; Austin, Denver, Pilgrim, 1.25; Eaton, German, 4; 

„ , v Benson, 4.50; S. S., 1; Brownton, 1.50; Loveland, German, 20; Windsor, German, 10. 

Elk 'River, 3; Hawley, 1.75; Lake City 12 ; „„,_„ T „_ . 

Little Falls, 2.=;o; Mantorville, 2; Marshall, 9; W\ OMING— $1.15. 

Minneapolis, Pfvmouth, 29.50; Park Ave., 35-62; Shoshone, 1.15. 

Pilgrim, i2.eo; Fremont Ave., 12.50; Fifth Ave., TT ^ ATT ^ . 

31- Lowry Hill, 25; Montevideo, 10; Moorhead, IDAHO— $so.8S. 

k 7 \- New Richland, 7.50; Sleepy Eye, 9.50; St. Weiser, 50.88. 

Paul', Atlantic, Y. P. S. C. E., 5; Park, 10. ,-„„„. A * 

Tota %2ak q7 CALIFORNIA— $5.00. 

lotai, ^,245.57- Nordhoff, Mrs. J. R. Gelett, 5. 

K ians A as S ll 9 M: Society, 9 -35- WASHINGTON-$6 7 .oo. . 

Anacortes, Pilgrim, 5; Rosario, 1.75; New- 

MONTANA— $17.40, after deducting $13 error port, Hope, 25; Pleasant Prairie, 10; Rosalia, 

in collection from Plains in April. 285- Tekoa, 15.90; Spokane, West Side, 4-40; 

Billings, 30.40. Wallula, 2.10. 

NEBRASKA-$ 4 8.i6. „, , _ t .. . AUGUST RECEIPTS 

Nebraska H M. Society, 41.66; Waverly, Contributions $4,545.64 

/;.„ Legacies 9,049.11 

5 $13,594-75 

NORTH DAKOTA— $104.17, after deducting 

$q 65 error in collection reported from Rutland Interest $521.00 

in ' Tune Home Missionary 20.60 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell, Cummings, S. Literature 4-96 

S., 2.50: Elbow Woods, S. S., apply on Rev. 

J. K. Kirkers, support, 5; Forman, 10; Keyes, Total $14,141.31 


NFW HAMPSHIRE HOME MISSIONARY Chapel, 6.96; 2nd, 3.76; Bristol, 1st, 22.10; 

«cvv ** SOCIETY Columbia, 23.75; East Hampton, 15.16; Fair- 
field, 1st, 93.09; Greens Farms, 21.80; Haddam, 

Receipts in August, 1907. ?*\ "J ^ n ° vec ' '& Ken £ C " ^».S! Nau S a " 

*^ tuck, Swedish, 7 ; Plymouth, 7 ; Salem, 34.09 ; 

Mr Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer. . Sharon, 14.05 ; Simsbury, 1st, 50.21 ; Sommers- 

ai*«„ ,,. Atkinson 52H' Center Ossipee, ville, 2.50; Stomngton, 1st, 26.27- Thompson, 

25f 1 cTe S JrV9fHTno°v n er, 3 io 4 o 5 ;' Surrey, S. s/-l ,6 43 ; Union, io ; Westford, 5; Windsor, ,st, 

Troy, 13.10. Total, $194-55- 88 °- Tota1 ' $4o8.j 3 . 


Rcceipts in August, 1907. Contributions for month of July, 1907. 

? 6 £ k JET * H ' CinclnnaU^S torrs 250; C. E., Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 

ABh \£«l ''. S Uand IS S 2 07 •' KeUoggsville Barkhamsted, 6; Bridgeport, Black Rock, 12; 

r. 5 °i™no X y fo< Lyme fo 99; Springfield. La- Bristol, 1st, 8 9 .S8; Clinton, S. S., Special, 5; 

5 A 7, Z' W M S s- Thompson, 350; S. S., Danielson, 65.15; Deep River, Swedish, 3; Din- 

^«^«&Si St., 3 P 46; Wellington, ^20 ; ^ast^Norw^, ^wedish, ^J^ 

?T r °\ n ' ?nn Cleveland 1 'Hough Ave W A., 2nd, 330.62; 'New Haven Plymouth, 51.22; New 

M. S., 2.90, c ,«™%^ g V A, 35-6o; Milford, 1st, 71.36; North Windham. 5.82; 

Silver Fund, 7-30, Pdgnm. ^- ^ -35 I piantsville, for Italian work, 12.75; Portland, 

fw F^t W M S 230- Toledo, Central, W. 1st, 36.61 Sharon, 20.03; Si'msbu^,' S. S., 5: 

field, Firs , W M- m S 2.30,, _.. m ^ ^ I4 . s6 ; Thomas- 

jyl. u., ". y . c ,„ Total $6760. ton » 1st, Special, 10.22; Watertown, 1st, 60; S. 

lianufield, W. M. S., 10. lotal, $t>7-oo. S., 23.83; West Avon, 8.52; West Haven, 1st, 

twt? MTHSTONARY SOCIETY OF CON- 17; Willington, Church and Society, 5; Wood- 

THE MISS1UNA 1 fE CT j C UT bridge, C .E., Special, 15; Woodstock, 1st, 24.70; 

W. C. H. M. U. of Conn., Special, 200; Be- 

Receiots in August, 1907. quest under will of Susan Buck, late of Wethers- 

p field, 221.07. Total, $1,441.19. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. Designated $464.04 

Bloomfield, 7.16; Bridgeport, King's Highway Undesignated 977.15 $1,441.19 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 


CHARLES S. MILLS, D. D., President 

H. CLARK FORD, Vice-President 

General Secretary Associate Secretary 

mSEPH B. CLARK, D. D., Editorial Secretary 
MISS MIRIAM L. WOODBERRY, Secretary Woman's Dep't. 


CHARLES S. MILLS, D. D., Chairman. Missouri '"Oi?GE R. LEAVITT, D. D Wisconsin 


GEORGE E. HALL, D. D New Hampshire MR. EDWARD TUCKER Kansas 


S. H. WOODROW, D. D Washington, D. C. i RANK T. BAYLEY, D. D Colorado 


REV." H. H. KELSEY Connecticut L. H. HALLOCK, D. D Minnesota 

S. PARKES CADMAN, D. D New York V ^R. A. F. WHITIN Massachusetts 

MR. W. W. MILLS Ohio E. L. SMITH, D. D Washington 

W. E. BARTON, D. D Illinois N K V. LIVINGSTON L. TAYLOR... New York 

E. M. VITTUM, D. D No. Dakota 'V H. DAY, D. D So. California 

HUBERT C. HERRTNG, D. D., Chairman 
One Year . Two Years 




Field Secretary, REV. W. G. PUD HEFOOT, South Framingham, Mass. 


Moritz E. Eversz, D. D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Chicago, 111. 

Rev. F. Risberg, Supt. of Swedish Work 8t Ashland Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. O. C. Grauer, Supt. of Dano-Norwegian Work " 
Rev. Chas. H. Small, Slavic ' department, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Rev. A. E. Ricker Indianapolis, Ind. Rev. G. J. Powell Fargo, N. Dak. 

Geo. R. Merrill, D. D Minneapolis, Minn. Rev. H. Sanderson Denver, Colo. 

Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr.... West Seattle, Wash. J. D. Kingsbury, D. D. ...(New Mexico, Arizona, 

Rev. W. B. D. Gray Cheyenne, Wyo. Utah and Idaho), Salt Lake City. 

Frank E. Jenkins, D.D., The South. .Atlanta, Ga. Rev. Chas. A. Jones, 75Essex St., Hackensack, N. J. 

W. H. Thrall, D. D Huron, S. Dak. Rev. C. G. Murphv Oklahoma City. 

Geo. L. Todd. D. D Havana. Cuba. 


Rev. Charles Harbutt, Secretary. Maine Missionary Society 34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

W. P. Hubbard, Treasurer..... " " Box 1052, Bangor, Me. 

Rev. E. R. Smith, Secretary. .. New Hampshire Home Missionary Society Concord, N. H. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer " Concord, N. H. 

Chas. H. Merrill, D.D., Secretary. Vermont Domestic " " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

T. T. Richie. Treasurer. " " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

F. E. Emrich, D.D., Secretary. .Massachusetts " ....609 Cor.g'i House, Boston, Mass. 
Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer... " " ......609 Cong'l House, Boston, Mass. 

Rev. J. H. Lyon. Secretary. .. .Rhode Island Home Missionary Society Central Falls, R.I. 

Jos. Wm. Rice, Treasurer..... " " Providence, R. I. 

Rev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary. .. .Missionary Society of Connecticut Hartford, Conn. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer.... " " " Hartford, Conn. 

Rev. C. W. Shelton. Secretary. .New York Home Miss. Society. .Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 
Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer.... " " " " ..Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 

Rev. Charles H. Small, Secretary.Ohio " " Cleveland, Ohio 

Rev. Charles H. Small. Treasurer. " " " " Cleveland. Ohio 

Rev. Roy B. Guild. Secretary. Illinois " " " 153 La Salle St., Chicago 

John W. Iliff, Treasurer " " " " 153 La Salle St., Chicago 

Homer W. Carter. D.D., SecretaryWisconsin " " Beloit, Wis. 

C. M. Blackman, Treasurer. ... " " Whitewater, Wis. 

• <jbj3JD3c; Iowa " Grinnell, Iowa 

Miss A. D. Merrill, Treasurer.. " " " Des Moines, Iowa 

Rev. J. W. Sutherland Secretary.Michigan " " Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. John P. Sanderson. Treasurer " " " Lansing. Mich. 

Rev. Henry E. Thaver, Secretary. Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society. Topeka, Kan. 

H. C. Bowman, Treasurer " " Topeka, Kan. 

Rev. S. I. Hanford, Secretary .. Nebraska Home Missionary Society Lincoln, Neb. 

Rev. Lewis Gregory, Treasurer. " " " " Lincoln, Neb. 

Rev. John L. Maile, Secretary. South California Home Missionary Society Los Angeles, Cal. 

A. K. Wray, D. D., Secretary. Missouri Home Missionary Society Carthage, Mo. 

Rev. L. D. Rathbone.. Secretary North California Home Missionary Society Berkeley, Cal. 

LEGACIES — The following form may be used in making legacies: 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of dollars, in trust, to pay over the same in 

month after my decease, to any persson who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

Treasurer of the Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New York, 

in the year eighteen hundred and twenty-six, to be applied to the charitable use and purposes 

of said Societv, and under its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS — The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes 

an Honorary Life Member. 


Absolutely Pure 

A Cream of Tartar Powder 

free from alum or phos- 







f Isrit it easy? 

to make house-cIeai\ii\§ 
L half play when all the 
U hard dirty work, from ] 
sink c|ear\ir\§ to brass 
polishii\§ is done with 
a bowl of water, a soft 







itered at tl 



Ocean Grove, Northfield, Chautauqua 

Is On A Business Basis. 

Success of The Enterprise is Assured. 

Plan is Ideal and Unique. 



Suit E. 200 Montague Street, Brooklyn N. Y. 




A Few Advantages: Ke 

gers, inspire 
births, marriages and . 

be of great pleasure t 
constant touch with the wc 
as it gives him an opportunity to sp 
pie that now has 

We want Chris 

members to act as our 


— -* ,1, ilSt*i^ 






NO. 6. 

Eighty-First Annual Meeting 

Pilgrim Church, Cleveland, Ohio 

Birds Eye View 

By Miss Miriam L. Woodberry, Secretary Woman's Department 

FROM time immemorial, large conventions have ahvays been signalised by 
the discovery of unexpected talents. The National Council of 1907 has 
demonstrated beyond the expression, even of speech or pen, the inex- 
haustible capacity of Congregationalists for attending meetings. 

For the first time in its history all the missionary interests rallied around the 

•Council, and for 
ten days — not the 
eight hour sched- 
ule, but from nine 
to nine, with the 
noon hour halved, 
and an extra hour 
added in the even- 
ing — an audience 
indicative of the 
brain, power, and 
executive ability 
of our forces, cen- 
tered in Cleveland, 
and in a spirit of 
deep consecration 
looked at the pasi 
long enough to 
catch the message 
of history, fear- 
lessly considered 
the present, and 

without one ex- 
ception turned 
their faces home- 
ward, electrified 
with the glorious 
vision of the fu- 

If "well begun 
is half done" the 
Home Missionary 
chapter only ac- 
centuated the old 
adage, for very 
few can really re- 
member when it 
did begin. Seven 
days devoted to 
the Council, the 
American Board, 
The Sunday 
School Society, 
The Church Build- 


tog Society, The Education Society, and The American Missionary Association, 
made a good introduction. 

To some of us the program really began Sunday afternoon in the little 
Bethlehem Chapel, next door to the SchaiMer Training School. The sermon 
in the forenoon Jtad been given in Pilgrim Church, every side room and balcony 
thrown open to accommodate the throngs, even the aisles were filled with eager 


listeners. The architecture of the building, the vested choir, the perfect music, 
and Dr. Gordon's ringing message, seemed pregnant with the glory, strength 
and life of the Christian Church. The service renewed in each individual soul 
the call to discipleship . The other building is small, furniture is scarce, but the 
walls are decorated with Bible verses. Veselte se spravedliviv Hospondinu, a 
aslavyte pamaifu svatosti Jeho. Holiness becometh Thy house, O Lord! 

A Bohemian choir of tzvelve voices sang familiar tunes in an unknown 
tongue. On the front seat was a small boy looking at the pictures in a recent 
issue of the "Mayflozver." Here also was a crowded room, faces quiet, reverent 
and attentive, with the expression half curious, half trusting, wholly appealing, 
only seen when a life breaks away from customs and homeland to begin anew. 
The morning's message sank deeper with the thought, "Here is the commission 
to apostle ship." "O , Lord, the Father of mankind'' grant we may be faithful. 

The real program, according to print, began at two o'clock Tuesday, Octo- 
ber 15, when Rev. Charles S. Mills called upon Dr. S. H. Woodrow to read the 
One Hundred and Third Psalm, Rev. L. P. Broad to lead in prayer, and the 
whole audience joined in singing "Uplift the Banner." 

The program that followed is unreportable. Even those who felt acquainted 
with the work found themselves on the heights, looking into depths heretofore 
undiscovered, abroad over fields whose boundary lines stretched beyond hori- 
zons, and above into the vastness that would seem too vas\t were it not for the 
promise, "Lo, I am with you always even unto the end," and we were reminded 
in no uncertain tones, that that promise is not "for comfort in the camp, but for 
protection in the campaign." 

The many sided aspects of the work zvere presented by workers, by men, 
whose message was strengthened with the added value of a life tested by serv- 
ice, either . as a missionary, a Superintendent, a Secretary, a Teacher, a College 
President, a Pastor or a Layman whose natural equipment had been intensified 
by the training, known only to Boards of Directors and members of Executive 
Committees. . 

The general topic zvas "The Imperative Forward Summons," but the key- 
note was sounded in the opening thought of Dr. Herring's address, "We are 
doing Christ's work, obviously we must do it in Christ's way," and never once, 
during twenty addresses extending over a day and a half, was the thought of 
Christ's way minimized, although discussions of methods, finances, problems, 
perplexities and readjustments zvere included. 

The scope will be seen by the program; many of the addresses will be print- 
ed, but on those who zvere privileged to listen rests the burden and the joy of 
passing on the spiritual uplift. The Vespers at Oberlin, when, after a few words 
of welcome by President King, in the midst of hallozved, historic memories, the 
College choir sang. Seven hundred and fifty delegates gathered from nearly 
every State in the Union, left care and responsibility, and, for one hour, felt 
the benediction that follows the promise, "Be still and knozv that I am God." 

Again, in memory, is the picture of Professor Steiner, at the close of an ap- 
peal begging us not to spend all our time and energies exclusively "on the 
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob who were or really zvere, when zve have the real 
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob zvho are and really are." On the platform zvith him 
were four young girls, dressed in the picturesque costumes of their native lands. 
On the left, a choir made up of Bohemian Christians.. . All in the audience zvho 
had come to this country, and all whose parents were born across the seas were 
invited to stand. A number responded and remained standing while Professor 
Steiner prayed that they may prove worthy citizens of this new country, — then 
for the country that offers them an opportunity, a home and a share in its com- 


. . A short prayer service in the midst of the Tuesday program, led by Rev. E. 
L. Smith, one of the Yale Band who zvent to Washington, brought a special? 
blessing, and the closing half hour, following a most searching address, byt 
Rev. IV. D. Mackenzie of Hartford, was devoted to prayer. 

Mrs. Firman represented Woman's Work, and in a few sentences on "My 
Country," gave a call to service, and such a feeling of personal responsibility, 
that never again shall we sing 

"Long may our Land be bright 
With Freedom's holy light," 
without thinking of our Home Missionary Society. 

The program itself is only one-half of the experience. It is something to 
spend ten days in a city where four hundred private homes are hospitably enter- 
taining delegates. There is a live note to Flome Missions, when at any minute 
one is likely to see and speak to the Superintendent of a western State, a man 
from Texas or Oklahoma, a College President from Washington, or the head 
of an Eastern Theological Seminary, a worker from the stump regions of North 
Wisconsin, another from the mining communities in Pennsylvania, a Just- 
tice from the Supreme Court of the United States, a cultured negro from the 
South, and a man, who, the Sunday before preached to cowboys in the wilds of 
Wyoming. There is the white-haired veteran ivho knozvs exactly how many 
churches there are in each and every State; the young man from Montana who 
has been asked to take a parish the size of Neiv England. While the recent ed- 
ucation (so lately acquired) compels us to admit that the two great tields for 
home work are to welcome and provide for the incoming tide of foreigners and 
strengthen and encourage the work in the South, for not only does the South 
need and zvant us, but "Congregationalism will be none the worse for the south- 
ern sun and the Gulf breezes," still this other must not be neglected. If the 
churches could only catch the vision ! "Home Missions is taking to men, the 
Word of God — an invisible task, but the all important." Here are the mes- 
sengers, here are the fields. What are you personally doing ? If you are doubt- 
ful hozv to begin, zvrite to Dr. Ozora Davis, of Nezv Britain, Conn. 

Our President Mills unconsciously gave us a nezv creed: "We believe in 
our Country. We believe in the Church of our Lord Jesus Christ. We believe 
in the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. We beliez'e in Congregationalism." 
And, looking at that army of zvorkers about to return to the firing line, our 
hearts responded "Amen," and again zve said "Amen" zvhen, at the last meet- 
ing of the Council, the Moderator's closing zvords carried the force of a charge: 
"This is the service to zvhich the Master has called us. He will give us the 
equipment if our hearts are in the right place." 


The Pilgrim Church In The 

By Charles S. Mills, D. D., 
Pastor Pilgrim Church, St. Louis, and President of the Society 

THE peculiar force of the plea for Home Missions lies in the fact that it in- 
volves the most intimate and precious of our possessions, — the land that 
we call our own, the church in which we have been reared, the homes for 
which we are willing to die, the welfare of our children through generations 
yet unborn. It is the voice of our own conscience, the call of our fondest hopes, 
the imperative appeal of our tenderest affections. 

Henry Ward Beecher said to the students at New Haven thirty-five years 
ago that, in a period of discouragement in his own early ministry, he tried the 
apostolic method of urging on his hearers the logic of their common convictions 
and, beginning his sermon with — "You all know this" and "You all know that" 
—until he had piled together about forty of these "you all knows," he 

turned them upon 
h i s congregation 
with such power 
that seventeen men 
were converted, and 
he went home weep- 
ing all the way for 

In speaking to- 
night of the Pilgrim 
Church and the Re- 
public, the basis of 
appeal is that of 
four great convic- 
tions which we hold 
in common, and on 
which this cause is 

i. We all believe 
in our country. We 
exult in her conti- 
nental acres, her ex- 
haustless resources, 

her unparalleled 
growth, her aggres- 
sive people, her glo- 
rious democracy. In 
our exuberant faith 
we ask, what power, 
what riches, what 
influence, what 
glory is there im- 
aginable for any na- 
tion of the future 
which cannot be 
predicted for Amer-' 
ica by those who 
live within her 
borders, who have 
drunk of the foun- 
tain of her life and 
have breathed her 
atmosphere of f reed- 
2. We all believe 

charles s. mills, d. d. in the Church of the 

Lord Jesus Christ; that it is the body of Christ; that He, as the head, directs it, 
empowers it and employs it; that its fellowship is the most glorious that the 
sun has ever shone upon; and that it is in God's hand, the supreme instrument 
for the extension of His kingdom. 

3. We all believe in the Gospel as the pozver of God unto salvation to every 
one that believeth. It is the heart of our faith. We express it in our creeds : 
we sing it in our hymns : we voice it in our prayers : we proclaim it as our mes- 
sage. The cross at once crowns our architecture and lies imprinted indelibly on 
our souls. , 

4. We all believe in our Family of the Faith.- We glory in its simple faith, 
its rugged independence, its essential democracy, its lofty ideals, its sacrificial 
service, its constructive leadership. 


Now I ask you to take in turn these four convictions, and to note their in- 
evitable suggestions in the cause of Home Missions. 

i. We all affirm that we believe in our country. But do we realize how 
much that faith ought to mean for the kingdom of God ? 

The unity of all our missionary enterprises is most happily illustrated and 
emphasized in this united gathering. A few days ago the president of the 
American Board spoke of this fact from the standpoint of Foreign Missions. 
To-night let me reciprocate that word, and say most heartily that we accept 
absolutely the terms of the apostolic commission : "Ye shall be my witnesses, 
both in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of 
the earth." We draw no limiting line in that commission. We have no con- 
fidence in the genuineness of the church of Christ that is not willing to do its 
part in proclaiming the Gospel to earth's remotest bound. 

But to-night, speaking from the standpoint of Home Missions and this 
recognition of the unity of all our efforts, I ask you to remember that Foreign 
Missions fail if Home Missions flag. We glorify, and rightly, the 
Haystack Meeting and its world-wide visionj but, if there had been no home 
missionary service as the supplement of that foreign missionary vision, our 
cause abroad could never have reached the magnificent proportions of to-day. 
The measure of the development of power at home, our degree of aggressive- 
ness now in conquering for Christ our prairies and mountains, our villages and 
cities, is the measure with which, ten, twenty, fifty years from now, we shall 
be doing our work on other shores. 

For many years we have cried, "Save America to save the World" ; but how 
tremendously this plea is emphasized by the_ trend of our national life in the 
last ten years ! There is, on the one hand, the emergence of America to its new 
place of world-influence and its intimate connection with the problems of inter- 
national significance on the other side of the globe. And there is, on the other 
hand, that tidal movement of the oppressed from across the seas pouring into 
our America in unprecedented volume, binding us by constantly multiplying 
cords to the old homes of our new citizens, so that as never before, the purity 
and nobility of our ideals may make themselves felt among all nations. 

If, then, it was worth the while of the apostles of the Middle Ages to sow 
the seed of the kingdom in Gaul and Germany and Britain, if it is worth our 
while to send our messengers across the seas to China and Japan, and India 
and Africa — and may God multiply their number ! — surely there is a supreme 
call to send men to evangelize our own land, and purify the fountain of our 
national life. 

We are ready to exclaim in the logic of this conviction — 

"Land that we love' Thou future of the world! 
Thou refuge of the noble heart oppressed! 
Oh! never be thy shining image hurled 
From its high place in the adoring breast 
Of him who worships thee with jealous love! 
Keep thou thy starry forehead as the dove 
All white, and to the eternal Dawn inclined! 
Thou art not thyself, but for mankind, 
And to despair of thee were to despair 
Of man, of man's high destiny, of God." 

2. Again, we all affirm that we believe in the Church. But permit me to- 
night to raise a question as to whether we have sufficiently considered, even yet, 
what this Church of Christ is : whether in our love of organization and in our 
magnifying of other kinds of Christian effort we are not setting the Church to 
some extent aside ; and whether we begin to realize its latent possibilities for 


mastering social conditions and for producing fruits that shall count supremely. 

You have in this church a concrete illustration of that for which I plead. A 
church twenty years ago in a conventional building which you can see yonder, 
with small congregations and a limited influence, emerging, through a new faith 
in its own possibilities, into the dominant influence in this community, with 
manifold ministries of wondrous fruitfulness. The faith that made that result 
possible was the faith of that noble physician whose beloved form lay upon the 
bier before this altar this afternoon : a man sixteen years ago arrived at the age 
of three score years and ten, a leader in this church, but declining to estimate 
the needs of the day from the standpoint of the distant horizon of his own youth. 
It was the faith of the chairman of the Building Committee of this church, a 
gentleman of the old school, of the noblest character and endowment, who 
literally gave a year and a half of his time while this building was in process 
of construction. It was the faith of three other men, not one of them a member 
of this church at the time, who laid down $75,000, approximately one-half the 
cost of the edifice, and who followed the work with their noble beneficence, 
making possible its enlargement and securing it for the future by liberal endow- 

In this day of myriad philanthropies, this great cause of Home Missions 
asks whether wealth has not made a wrong estimate of values, when it builds 
hospitals that shall relieve physical distress and gives its millions for the school 
and college, and does not rise to the consciousness of the church as the mightiest 
of all the vehicles of Christian benevolence, to be endowed and equipped and 
manned for its varied service as generously, as comprehensively, as the hos- 
pital or the library or the university. 

In this day of every order of -.ejh.icai scheme and sociological study, what 
instrument of social power compares with this ? It is more than a bridge across 
the chasm that separates class from class ; it affords a common meeting place 
where superficial distinctions are lost in the expression of a common faith, a 
veritable community home for the service of all under the Christian ideal. 

Dr. Gunsaulus years ago, as the. head of Armour Institute, was reported to 
have said, I would rather have one church with a pastor on fire with God's sym- 
pathy for men, than any other kind of organization for charity in the world. 

Have you all noted the splendid plea of John D. Long at the Scrooby Ter- 
centenary — "Is it not worth the while of the great conservative interests of the 
country to consider whether the church, the Pilgrim Church, is not their con- 
cern, as well as the faith of the preacher who mounts his pulpit, and that of the 
good women who distribute its charities and run its sewing societies? Let 
them fill it as they fill their places of business, rouse it from its lethargy, which 
is their lethargy, and make it a mighty engine for the salvation both of the soul 
and the body of society. Give us back across the three centuries the Church of 
Scrooby, the church not of the few, but of all the people who would walk in 
God's ways, the church and the state of the Pilgrim democracy. It is the age 
of utility; utilize the church." 

The plea of Home Missions is the plea for the use of this instrument ; for a 
new conception of it in the depth of its fellowship, the nobility of its ideals, the 
practical possibilities of its social and civic influence, and its power for good 
wherever men are found. 

3. We all affirm that wc helieve in the Gospel. But are we not in danger of 
obscuring its simplicity? Are we not forever experimenting for some other 
plan which, forsooth, shall be a substitute and thus comfort our hearts in the 
comparative failure of our efforts? Do we not need to discover that the trouble 
is not with the eternal message of the cross, but with our lack of skill in using 


We live in an age of miracles, but the greatest of them is not the telescope 
that sweeps the midnight sky, the microscope that reveals the glories of the in- 
sect's wing, that shaft of light which penetrates substances hitherto seemingly 
impervious, or any other contrivance of man ; but the power that takes the sin- 
stained soul and washes it clean, that takes the fallen man and restores him to 
himself and to his God. 

Over against the problems of America — the immigrant untutored in our 
civilization ; the cities swarming with men from every shore ; the little hilltop 
towns decadent in their life; the mining camp; the broad prairies; the hamlets 
of our coast — the Home Missionary Society puts the Gospel of the Lord Jesus 
Christ and declares that this Gospel, rightly presented, properly enforced by 
men and means, is the greatest power conceivable for the solution of these tre- 
mendous needs, since it is the power of God, applicable to every sort and con- 
dition of men. 

Let us heed the warning of Charles Cuthbert Hall, that a danger in the at- 
titude of the Christian of to-day lies in the tendency to substitute Jesus the 
Teacher for Christ the Saviour, until the characteristic experiences of the 
Christian life become impossible. Let us never lose that simplest content of 
faith which leaves man as the creature of need, and presents Jesus Christ as his 
Redeemer and Lord ; for in none other is there salvation. 

The call of Home Missions is the summons of the church to go forth into all 
the highways and the byways, to bring there the light of the knowledge of Him 
whom to know is the life eternal. 

4. We all affirm that we believe in Congregationalism ; but are we sufficient- 
ly alive to its present-day mission ? 

From John Robinson down it has stood for freedom, for democracy, for 
simplicity, for education, for sacrificial service, for missionary conquest. If 
certain utterances are to be credited, some men are questioning whether it is 
worth while continuing this distinct type of service in the kingdom of God, 
whether we have much of anything now to contribute, and whether our partic- 
ular order may not have run its race. 

We do not propose to think of Congregationalism as though it were ideal. 
We know that it has defects. We are addressing ourselves vigorously to their 
correction. The evidence of our earnestness is most manifest in this session of 
the National Council. We do not know how long our family of the faith may 
continue to be as it is now. Many hearts are yearning for the coming of that 
day when we shall be part of a larger union. Not a few are hoping that this 
day is close at hand. But, however that may be, we know that as long as there 
is more light to break forth from the Word, as long as the churches need an 
unfettered ministry, as long as men love the principles of democracy and are 
unwilling to bow to any human dictation in ecclesiastical affairs, as long as the 
churches love simplicity of life, the right to determine their own methods and 
to express their own faith, so long the church without a bishop is bound to ex- 
ist in some form in the state without a throne. 

Nay, more, is there not committed to us bv reason of our heritage a distinc- 
tive and important mission for America? Who is to lay hold of national prob- 
lems? Who is to lead the Republic on in all that makes for righteousness? 
Without claiming any pre-emptive right, look over the history of the Pilgrim 
Church and hear the clear call that comes down the perspective of the years. 
Write again on your hearts those great words of our fathers, written from 
Leyden in making application as colonists, "It is not with us as with men whom 
small things can discourage." The snirit which lived in the cabin of the May- 
flower, which founded the colony at Plymouth, which dominated the earlv days 
of New England, which sent the pioneer to this Western Reserve, which built 


the golden line of our colleges from Massachusetts Bay to Puget Sound, that 
spirit challenges us to-day to prove ourselves jto be true sons of our sires in our 
ability to evolve leaders who, by their constructive genius, shall do for this day 
and generation what John Robinson and William Brewster, Thomas Hooker 
and Jonathan Edwards, Charles G. Finney and Mark Hopkins, and other such 
men of power, have done to define the Gospel in the terms of practical life and to 
lead on the Republic in all that makes for truth and righteousness. 

These are the four great fundamental convictions. Now along with these 
and as their logical outcome, permit me to suggest three readjustments which 
we need to make in the prosecution of this mighty cause. 

1. A Vision Inclusive of the Nation. 

We are all more or less aware that nothing more truly marks the develop- 
ment of the inner life of America in recent years, than the growth of the na- 
ational consciousness, an achievement second to none in point of importance for 
the future of the Republic. 

Two weeks ago I listened, with nine or ten thousand fellow citizens in the 
city of St. Louis, to a noble address from that chivalric soul, Theodore Roose- 
velt, twenty-five Governors of states sitting on the platform together. But, 
whether he spoke of the restoration of navigation on the Mississippi, or of the 
Panama canal, or of the United States navy, or of the national control of inter- 
state commerce, his message from first to last was an appeal for the growth of 
the national spirit. "I am not afraid," he said, "of the dishonest man ; but I am 
afraid of him who, in his allegiance to his own little district, forgets the nation. " 
"The navy," he said, "is as much the concern of the man who lives a thousand 
miles from sea-water as of the fisherman who draws his living from the ocean. 
Two months hence a fleet of great armored ships starts for the Pacific. It is 
going to its home waters in the Pacific, and after a stay there it will return to 
its home waters in the Atlantic. Certain men of the East have been a long time 
learning that the coast of California and Washington is as much ours as the 
coast of New York and Maine." 

Residence in the great metropolis of the Southwest brings home to one 
peculiarly the growth of the national spirit. There the great tides from North 
and South meet, and the blood of the Pilgrim mingles with the blood of the 
Cavalier. There you find a fellowship between the men of New England and 
the men of the South which has proven a reciprocal relation of mutual profit, 
in which each has gained from the other and citizenship has come to have the 
flavor of both. I attended a few months ago a banquet in that city, where, soon 
after we sat at the table, the orchestra played that martial hymn of the North, 
"When we were marching through Georgia," and were greeted with loud ap- 
plause. But, when a few minutes later they struck into the rippling melody of 
"Dixie," the same hall was filled with enthusiasm for the song of the South. 
The Outlook was right, in its editorial on Robert E.Lee some months ago, 
when it said, "To the great tragedy of the Civil War has succeeded the greater 
drama of Reconciliation and Reunion. Hatred and bitterness have gone be- 
cause knowledge and sympathy have made them incredible and impossible." 

Within the Pilgrim Church this growth of national consciousness should go 
forward. The time has come when we are to recognize that the field of Con- 
gregationalism is coterminous with America. In the movement for the . re- 
organization of this Society we confessed that our methods had been too provin- 
cial, our time -honored machinery inadequate to meet present conditions, and we 
adopted that fundamental principle of democracy, the right of each part of the 
nation to be represented in these councils. But our work of national evangeliza- 
tion is bound to teach us further lessons of mutual respect and co-operation. 

Let the East, where has been the cradle of the Pilgrim Church, whence has 


come so largely the glorious stream of benevolence, understand that to-day the 
West has advanced beyond the years of dependent childhood ; that some of the 
noblest fruits of the Pilgrim planting are to be found a thousand miles or more 
from the border of New England ; and that the sacrifices for this western coun- 
try by those who have subdued its forests, and upturned its prairies, and built 
its cities, are worthy to be written alongside the much-heralded service of those 
who wrought so nobly in the earlier days. 

On the other hand, let it come more clearly into the consciousness of the 
West, that its marvelous advance in material prosperity has brought it to a day 
when it must supply resources to meet not only its own problems, but in due 
proportion those of the nation at large, and that in accepting a large place in 
the councils of the Society it pledges itself to do its full share in the provision 
of revenue. Let the West learn that New England is not an inexhaustible gold 
mine ; that problems of vast magnitude are arising within its borders ; that the 
fountain of supply must lessen the streams of its distribution to distant sections 
as the missionary need at its own door becomes increasingly imperative. 

And what is this mighty cry from our Southland, that section which has 
been so little in our vision ? I was talking recently with one born and reared in 
the South and now the pastor of one of the wealthiest churches of the M. E. 
Church, South, a man of the highest scholarship and widest range of observa- 
tion, as fine a representative of southern chivalry as I have ever known ; and I 
asked him what he felt of the future of Congregationalism in his native section. 
My question struck deep, elicited his enthusiastic admiration of our polity of 
freedom and our lofty educational ideals, and then he went on to tell me that 
one of the most famous surgeons of Georgia had said to him recently, as they 
earnestly discussed this very question, that in his judgment the Congregational 
Church, with its spirit of democracy, had the call of the future for the southern 
states, as thev came to discover the kinship between its polity of freedom and 
their own liberty-loving ideals. Shall we hesitate to enter this open door? Is 
it not a challenge to give Congregationalism adequate representation in the 
great cities of the South where now it is almost unknown, to send there our 
strong men as leaders in the confident expectation that we are to find the way 
open for a ministry there of the greatest power and f ruitf ulness ? Let us take 
to our souls the lesson that all America to-dav needs to learn, that there is no 
North or South or East or West, but that we are one people. 

2. An Insight Commensurate with the Conditions. 

It sometimes comes to our ears that the romance of Home Missions is over, 
that we must stop talking about the New West and the frontier towns. But it 
may be replied that, whereas the frontier in the early days was the western 
border of New England, and then the Western Reserve, and then the Valley of 
the Mississippi, and then the prairies of Dakota, and then the forests of Wash- 
ington, to-day that frontier, defined by the rapidly changing conditions and the 
development of hitherto unsettled regions, is practically diffused throughout 
America. In Maine you find it in the lumber camps of the northern border 
where the situation is not unlike that of Michigan twenty years ago. In Mass- 
achusetts and Connecticut you find it in the rapid revolution from the pure New 
England stock to a polyglot people, where to-day men from every corner of the 
world jostle one another on the streets of our historic towns, while in the farm 
houses that used to hold the cradle of the future statesman or poet or philoso- 
pher the mothers croon over their babies the lullabies of distant lands. It is 
found in other types in the copper mines of Michigan and in new sections open- 
ed along the rapidly building railways of North Dakota and Minnesota; in the 
changing conditions of Washington, with counties as large as a New England 
state without a church of our Eamily of the Faith ; and in Oklahoma and the 


Panhandle of Texas where the settlers are thronging in great multitudes. O 
for insight commensurate with the conditions ! 

I You have been thrilled to-night by the burning appeal which has fallen from 
the lips of that man who, reared amid old-world conditions, seeing the problem 
of immigration from the side of the immigrant, feeling in his very life-blood his 
call as an advocate of the oppressed of other peoples, has with his gifted pen, 
more clearlythan any other man, made us see what a veritable heaven America 
is to myriads of men who come across the seas. It is not for me to add to the 
words that he has spoken, except to say that in no other spot in America could 
that appeal mean more. 

In this city is our own noble work for the Bohemians, founded by our 
prophet Schauffler, which has nearly doubled, I am told, since 1901, which now 
has five churches or missions in its care, one of which has been organized with- 
in six months. It was never, I understand, more vigorous and hopeful than it 
is now. 

But I was thinking particularly of the application of these words 
of Dr. Steiner's to this particular church in which we are met. 
Recently I was looking over the accessions to this church in the 
fourteen years, 1891-1905. Of 792 received on confession of faith 
I conclude, so far as my personal knowledge of them could determine, that 367, 
approximately 46 per cent., were of immediate foreign extraction and the per- 
centage much greater in the latter part of the period. On that roll are ap- 
parently a dozen foreign nationalities — English, Scotch, Welsh, Irish, German, 
Dutch, Swede, Pole, Bohemian, Dane, Armenian, Jew — yet all finding here a 
nutural church home. How significant is this concrete illustration of our na- 
tional motto, E pluribus unum, and of the practical solution on a small scale 
of this mighty problem of immigration, since here is made a singularly vigor- 
ous, aggressive Christian body so largely out of those who have come, either in 
their own persons or in that of their fathers, from such diverse homes across the 

"They come! They come! God give us men! 

Men of the Prophet's faith and mood, 

To read the dawning, in the sky, 

Of universal Brotherhood." 

Time fails to speak of that mightiest problem of all, the growth of our great 
■cities with their appalling conditions that grow more urgent day by day, never 
to be surmounted save by a sacrificial devotion, a masterly leadership, and an 
outpouring of wealth matchless in our annals. O, for an insight on the part of 
the Pilgrim Churches commensurate to the conditions that we meet ; that pray- 
er may call down heavenly wisdom to work out these mighty questions; and 
that wealth may consecrate itself in unstinted measure to this holy cause. 

Nearly thirty years ago Constans L. Goodell, that sainted Great heart of the 
Southwest, profoundly moved by the national need, lifted up his voice at the 
annual meeting of the American Home Missionary Society in a powerful ap- 
peal for a million dollars for home missions, and his call swept over the land. 
The mark was not too high. Yet even now we are giving only half of that sum. 
The members of the Board of Directors of this Society will not soon forget that 
moment in their meeting last January, when a committee came from the Secre- 
taries and Superintendents, men most honored and beloved, who had borne the 
brunt of many a campaign in the service of their Lord, bringing an overture 
horn of their sense of our needs, and of their faith and consecration, asking us 
1o call for a million dollars for this great cause. But we dared not. O that 
there might be an insight so commensurate with the conditions that we face, 
that this great mark shall not seem too much to attain ! 


3. A Fellowship adequate to produce a greater Denominational Efficiency. 

In the changing conditions of American life we are learning that this is the 
greatest problem of our polity. We do not covet any ecclesiastical system where 
closely knit bonds are bought at the sacrifice of freedom. The autonomy of the 
local church is a heritage so costly and a privilege so sacred that we cannot sur- 
render it and be true to ourselves. The only path to the desired end which 
seems to open before us, is this of an ever strengthening fellowship, which shall 
be so true and so deep and so practical, that the local church shall not be bent 
so much on asserting its own autonomy and entity as upon proving its right to 
possess this priceless boon, by using it intelligently and heartily to promote the 
efnciciency of those plans for the kingdom at large, that all the churches of the 
fellowship have made together. 

Moved by the propulsion of our deepest convictions of duty to our heritage 
and to the kingdom of God, we are surely and steadily seeking to develop our 
life so that less and less we shall be unrelated units and more and more one 
body, united not by the outward compulsion of an oppressive ecclesiasticism, 
but by the inner compulsions of love and faith and service — a union made real 
by willing self-surrender and a common sacrificial devotion to the banner of the 

May God hasten that consummation ! Let us hasten it a little to-night by 
seeing what it means to Home Missions. We are not here to listen to smooth 
phrases, but to ask ourselves what more we may do for the kingdom of Christ. 

In that spirit let us confess to one another, that in the wake of our precious 
tenet of the independence of the local church has followed a failure to develop 
a healthful and vigorous denominational consciousness. 

Let us admit that while we have always possessed the missionary spirit, we 
have ofjen been content to plant the tree and let others gather the fruit. We 
remember that the Pilgrim churches of early New England, themselves in the 
first stages of growth, held tenderly upon their hearts the welfare of the regions 
beyond, but that this passion for missionary service was often entirely dias- 
sociated from the preservation of its results in the denominational life : that 
2,000 churches in New York and the middle West planted by New England 
Congregationalists were lost to the Pilgrim fellowship, that this Western Re- 
serve was for many years the field of the Congregational Missionary Society of 
Connecticut, while the early churches of the region soon became chiefly Pres- 
byterian : that the first Presbyterian Church of Cleveland, which proved a won- 
derful fountain of life for other churches, was organized by a Congregational- 
ism that a Congregationalist, Jeremiah Porter was the founder and pastor of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Chicago, and that Salmon Giddings, sent out 
by the Missionary Society of Connecticut, organized the first Presbyterian 
Church of St. Louis. 

Why should we ask others to reap our harvests? It is not enough to say 
that this is due to our generosity of spirit, or merely to local circumstances, or 
that what was our loss was the gain of a beloved sister denomination. The 
same argument would lead us to withdraw from the field altogether, and hand 
over our missionary funds to others, confessing that we do not care to give to' 
our children the privileges we have enjoyed, or that we do not feel equal to the 

This bit of ancient history is in no small degree typical of later experiences. 
We must confess that, even in these days, the over-emphasis of the doctrine of 
the independence of the local church has resulted all but disastrously for us in 
many of the great centers of our population : churches once strong, having pre- 
emption rights, being not seldom allowed to dwindle to decay, not seeing any 
fountain of supply to reinforce the lessening stream of their own life and the 


churches of the vicinage allowing the dissolution to proceed as a mere matter 
of course. 

Again we must confess that we have been too slow in recognizing that the 
work of church extension among the financially abler classes is quite as im- 
portant as any other service that can be rendered.* For example, in the city of 
St. Louis, from 1869 to 1894, fourteen new churches were planted, nearly all of 
which have been purely missionary enterprises, or at the best, coming after a 
long struggle barely over the line of independence, with the result that benev- 
olence of our stronger churches has been over weighted, and we have allowed 
the city to grow in population by tens of thousands without establishing .a single 
new church in the line of its greatest growth to replenish our resources. And 
we have not organized a church in any part of that mighty metropolis in more 
than a dozen years. 

If this city of Cleveland had possessed thirty years ago a fellowship organ- 
ization such as it now has in its efficient City Missionary Society, and if, Mr. 
Chairman, it had had at its head as loyal a son of the Pilgrims, a man as able 
and devoted and generous, as it has had in the past seventeen years, the power 
of the Pilgrim churches now so much in evidence here would have been im- 
measurably increased, for, since 1890, as many churches have been organized 
in Cleveland and its immediate suburbs as in the previous forty-six years. 

All honor to our missionary enterprise ! It does credit to our hearts. Let 
us deepen it and enlarge it. But let us temper zeal with wisdom. Unless the 
railroad management increases its motive power as its business grows, the trains 
are stalled and the road is tied up. As the manufacturer must calculate just how 
many machines his engine can keep running, continually adding to his driving 
power as he enlarges his plant, so let us develop our sources of power in pro- 
portion to the extent of our missionary endeavor. Let this which is the merest 
axiom of business life be in evidence in the .business of the kingdom. Let us 
instruct our Home Missionary Society, our agent for planting new sources of 
supply, that no small part of its task is to be on the alert to seize the strategic 
locations' where the tides of men are moving, or are certain to move in the days 
to come. 

This is no mere selfish cry. as the instinct of self-preservation is born in the 
individual, and is esteemed of such value that the customs of society, the safe- 
guards of industry and the laws of the body politic are all in large degree a re- 
flection of it, and as the underlying reason for this is the priceless worth of a 
human life, so if our fathers have not lived in vain, if Congregationalism has a 
distinctive mission, if it stands for principles that are worth something for the 
kingdom of God, then it must develop as one of its most sacred obligations this 
duty of self-preservation. 

Did you hear the report of Secretary Anderson? Did you take down into 
your heart the significance of the figures? Look on your souvenir programs 
and note that there has been a falling off of more than 50 per cent, in the an- 
nual increase of the number of our churches as between the seven years, 1900- 
1907 and the ten years, t 890- 1900. Then look over your Home Missionary his- 
tory and note that these same years were the years when the churches impov- 
erished the treasury of the Home Missionary Society; that decrease of our 
forces must continue unless that treasury is supplied. 

The sort of work which we need is illustrated by a paper which I found 
*Note: The passage which follows should not be interpreted as passing critical 
judgment upon the leadership of the period, which was conspicuous for its superb 
devotion and its masterly insight. The facts are cited for the sake of showing a 
definite need in the life of the denomination, in adapting ourselves to changing con- 
ditions, and in seizing strategic points as they develop. Other passages in this con- 
nection are to be taken in the same spirit. 


years ago in the files of this church. It was dated nearly fifty years ago, at the 
time of organization and was the application of the church for $200 of aid from 
the American Home Missionary Society, a grant which was afterward twice 
renewed. Here, then, was a total investment of $600 to make this church pos- 
sible. How meagre an investment in view of the dividends that have come 
back — a church which I suppose has produced in the last fifteen years some- 
thing like $500,000 for the work of the Kingdom, and which now has some 
1 100 members upon its roll. Would it have been better to have sent that money 
to some distant land or to have spent it down in the slums? I raise the com- 
parison not to disparage any other form of work, but to ask you to remember 
that one of the noblest ways in which we can serve the Master is by making 
possible a church which shall become such an overflowing fountain of blessing. 

Brethren, I have not hesitated to speak plainly. I am persuaded, as I said at 
the beginning, that I voice your own convictions. It is for us simply to act up- 
on them together. If you believe in our country, if you believe in the Church 
of the Lord Jesus Christ, if you believe in the power of the Gospel, if you be- 
lieve in Congregationalism, then prove your faith by your work. In answer to 
that question, "What more may we do for the kingdom of Christ?" let us say 
together, "We will strengthen our fellowship in the joyful compulsions 
of love and faith and service until we make it capable of an ef- 
ficient, aggressive Home Missionary policy." Unless we do this, we are bound 
to be an ever-lessening influence in the life of the Republic, to lose the prestige 
of our history, to hand over to others the mighty work to which our origin, our 
principles, our heritage, the very instincts of our denominational life point the 

But it will not be so. Along the horizon are signs of a new day — the universal 
harmony in our new organization ; the sacrificial spirit everywhere exhibited ; 
the joy of state co-operation ; the utter absence of provincial selfishness in 
face of the national appeal ; the strong hand and the comprehensive vision in 
evidence in the executive office ; the splendid force of men at the front rising in 
efficiency ; the East, loyal and generous ; the West, alert and eager in a new 
sense of responsibility ; Nebraska, Southern California, Missouri emerging out 
of dependence upon national bounty to provide for their own and to assist in the 
work beyond their own borders; states by necessity still in a measure depend- 
ent, Washington, Minnesota and the Dakotas, redoubling their energies ; — how 
can all this fail to awaken an irresistible conviction that this Society, central in 
all our missionary enterprises and vital to our own self-preservation, may al- 
ready see the dawning of that day when it shall have its proper place in the 
prayer and hope of our churches, and when resources adequate to its mighty 
task shall be provided. 

Is not this the voice of our conscience, the call of our fondest hopes, the ap- 
peal of our tenderest affections, the summons of the Master himself? Let all 
the people say. Amen ! 

Working Over Against your 
Own House 

By Ozora S. Davis, D. 

WE must come to close quarters 
immediately with the theme as- 
signed us, which is a discussion 
of the specific part to be borne by the 
individual church in the evangelisation 
of foreign-speaking immigrants. 

D., New Britain, Conn. 

plex that no single agency alone is suf- 
ficient to cope with it. The Home Mis- 
sionary Society cannot fully discharge 
this obligation; missions manned by 
converts or by native born Americans 
trained abroad for this service are not 


The churches and the religious press 
alike, have suddenly attained a "con- 
cern" for the foreigner. New England 
is peculiarly sensitive at this point. 
Special committees are at work study- 
ing the matter; our Home Missionary 
Societies are seeking light from every 
quarter. Individual churches are astir. 
The theme is vital and timely. 

The problem is so vast and so com- 


competent to do the entire work; nor, 
finally, can the individual church alone 
meet the demands of the situation. The 
work must be done by all these forces 
in unison. Through every possible 
agency we must attack the problem, 
and our attack must be made with heroic 
courage, great wisdom and tireless pa- 




The Key to the Situation. 

While it is necessary that we bring 
into action every force and weapon in 
our possession, there is always a key to 
a position and a critical moment in 
action. These both lie in the power 
and activity of the individual church. 
The most effective agency for the evan- 
gelisation of our immigrant brethren is 
the local church equipped with its pres- 
ent plant and workers, and adapting its 
methods to the needs of the field in 
which it is placed. This is the definite 
proposition which we shall now en- 
deavor to justify. 

Three Preliminary Considerations 

Notice at the outset certain facts 
which the proposition involves: 

First, We cannot deal with this ques- 
tion by delegated effort. Equipping a 
mission and hiring paid workers to con- 
duct it outside the church building is 
not what I mean by working over 
against our own house. At times this is 
necessary and advisable; but I mean, the 
personal participation in the work by 
members of the church, the use of the 
church building, and the direction of the 
enterprise by the officers of the church. 

Second, We cannot cope with this 
problem by action which is inspired 
merely by a romantic regard for the 
picturesque immigrant. Mission work at 
a distance is always wrapped about in 
the haze and glamor of dramatic charm. 
A great deal of this is evanescent. The 
highest type of neighborliness is when 
we share our house of worship and 
serve together in the complex activities 
of the Kingdom. In this abrading pro- 
cess that which in the distance seemed 
romantic becomes intensely real and hu- 
man; but it also grows heroic and beau- 
tiful. These men and women become 
friends whom we honor and love. 

Third, We must not suffer this work 
to become a sort of religious fad. There 
is real danger that it will not go deeper 
than this. I fear that we shall play with 
this intensely important matter. Visits 
to Ellis Island, reading articles on the 
Italians and Slavs, holding meetings to 
study comparative race or religious 
characteristics, — all these merely touch 

the surfaces of the problem. They are 
interesting but not vital. The question 
does not concern our proficiency in 
Italian art, but our willingness to teach 
half a dozen bright Cicilians the rudi- 
ments of English and the Gospel. This 
involves patient, persistent, hard work. 
It presents annoyance in many ways, 
and he is a poor pleader for this prac- 
tical extension of our church work, who 
either leaves out or glosses over the 
fact. We must grapple with one of the 
stubbornest and most perplexing prob- 
lems that the evangelical churches ever 
faced; we must sweat blood for the 
Kingdom of Christ. 

Our Positions not Theoretical 

What I shall say now in the way of 
general principles or specific conclusions 
is not theoretical entirely. The South 
Church in New Britain, Conn., is person- 
ally engaged in work for Italians, Ar- 
menians, Persians, Greeks and Chinese. 
We are set in the midst of a city where 
four out of every five persons are chil- 
dren of foreign-born parents. We are 
face to face with the problem and with- 
out blowing of trumpets or a proclama- 
tion of novelty, we are trying to do the 
work which our Master wants us to do 
in the new day upon which we have 

We have the Plant 

The first reason why the individual 
church can do this work is because our 
churches are already equipped with suf- 
ficient buildings. These churches and 
chapels, closed so much of the time, are 
simply waiting to have the dead air in 
them blown out through open doors and 
windows. We cross the ocean to visit 
cathedrals where the humblest Italian 
peasant could pray, cathedrals beside 
which our richest churches are cheap 
and perishing; let us not fear the pos- 
sible soiling of a carpet or the breaking 
of a chair if we open our church build- 
ings to this work. I protest that it is 
sinful folly to think that we are justified 
in housing our mission work in barrack- 
like halls, when our own beautiful 
churches are closed. Take up the sacred 
carpets if necessary, but let us use our 
churches for the service of the Christ to 




whose glory they were built. There is 
no danger of pollution to an open 
church; a closed church is the easy 
victim of stagnation and dry rot. It all 
depends upon the theory we hold con- 
cerning the purpose for which our 
church edifices have been erected. If 
they are simply for those who have been 
accustomed to use them, then we may 
expect a collision of interest, but if our 
churches have been built and carpeted 
and decorated for service to the King- 
dom of Christ, then we have room 
enough and to spare. 

We have the Workers 

We also have in the individual church 
enough workers to meet the new de- 
mand. Teaching and visiting, — the 
whole ministering grace of Christian 
friendship, which is the gist of this serv- 
ice, — can be done and it must be done 
by the old American for the new Amer- 
ican. We need, of course, leaders who 
are trained and competent; but every 
church that faces the problem, — and 
many a church would be startled to see 
how closely it faces the problem if only 
it would open its eyes, — has enough 
workers with which to begin the new 
service. This involves the breaking 
down of a good many artificial barriers. 
It means dropping a lot of contemptible 
terms like "Dago" and "Sheeney" from 
our vocabulary. I know, however, from 
practical experience) that there is power 
enough resident in our Christian En- 
deavor Societies to set forward a move- 
ment among the individual churches that 
would register a mighty advance in solv- 
ing our problem. Our reservoirs are 
not even tapped yet for this service. We 
have the workers. 

We have the Methods 

Every church that is alive is com- 
petent to attack this- problem, because it 
already has the methods for successful 
work. These are not novel. I know of 
no methods which assure any brilliant 
success in this kind of work. The prob- 
lem to which we are setting ourselves 

is the evangelization of these peoples, 
the majority of whom have no true con- 
ception of the nature of the new life 
which is established through faith in 
Christ. Our message to them is the 
apostolic message, and it must be con- 
veyed by the apostolic method. That 
method is clear enough: personal con- 
tact, personal service, personal love is 
the secret of the apostolic way of 
preaching. I do not believe that there 
are novel methods which ever will dis- 
place these. We must know one anoth- 
er; we must love one another; and when 
we are doing this for the highest aim 
and under the supreme sanction, that is, 
for Christ's sake, we have all the method 
that is necessary to do this new business. 
The New Work and the Old 

The local church can do the new 
work and not cripple any of its old 
activities. It can discharge its duties to. 
the stranger and not neglect its own, 
households. Every society in the church 
can be maintained and the new work 
also be done. Indeed, the old activities; 
will renew their strength under the re- 
flex influence of the new endeavors. No 
fewer boxes need go to the frontier be- 
cause the Woman's Home Missionary 
Society begins to interest itself in the 
foreign missionary problem now local- 
ized at home. No less funds need be 
sent to the Woman's Boards for work 
in Turkey because the local church be- 
gins to care for the Armenians in its 
own parish. If the ministry of the 
church through its accustomed channels 
is not deepened and enriched rather than 
impoverished by the new mission, it will 
be quite contrary to the experience of 
the past. We can do all we are doing 
and more than we are doing; the new 
service will perfect the old. 

(During the last three minutes the 
speaker illustrated these propositions by 
a description of the work of the Persian 
Brotherhood in New Britain, showing 
photographs and telling a few incidents 
illustrating the value of the work). 

A Nation- Wide Partnership In 
A Nation- Wide Work 


By Willis E. Lougee, 

FROM the day of Adam to the 
present time the idea of partner- 
ship has been emphasized. Com- 
bination for protection, growth and sta- 
bility has been the keynot of progress. 
The family, the tribe, the nation is the 
natural order. England, Germany, Italy 
and the United S^tps are ennd ex- 

Associate Secretary 

high era of prosperity, influence and 
power among the nations of the earth 
until it became in truth a united States. 
It cost the lives of three-quarters of a 
million men and untold suffering to im- 
press upon our country this fact, but 
once accomplished our nation went for- 
ward with leaps and bounds. 


amples of the value of co-operation and 
partnership. We are not speaking of 
democracy, aristocracy or monarchy, 
but of that nation where the highest and 
lowest have an equal part and respon- 
sibility, that nation which has adhered 
most closely to the policy of equality 
for all has made the greatest progress. 
The United States never reached its 


Japan, in the recent war with Russia, 
never could have achieved her success 
had it not been for the fact that the 
hearts of the people were as one. Rus- 
sia, with its great population was not a 
united people. This same truth is seen 
in the growth of religious organizations. 
That denomination which has shown the 
strongest unity of partnership in all its 




methods of government has been mark- 
ed with almost unbroken success. The 
comparison between our church govern- 
ment and that of some other denomina- 
tions will bear out this statement. Our 
denominational societies are beginning 
to feel the need, and to see the absolute 
necessity for a closer organization, a 
more united effort. Instead of these 
organizations working along parallel 
lines, there should be a more complete 
union of forces and a combination of ef- 
forts, which should make our work even 
more effective than at the present with 
less expenditure of strength and money. 
The Home Missionary Society in its 
new departure is emphasizing this fact, 
that the growth and effectiveness of each 
individual State Society is shared by 
other states alike . Idaho enters into 
sympathetic relations with the work in 
Massachusetts; Maine is working with 
New York; Rhode Island with Texas, 
and the Home Missionary Society is 
in close, vital relation to every one of the 
states. It is no longer each state for 
itself, but each state for every other 
state. This condition enlarges our sym- 
pathy, broadens our vision and renders 
our united work more effective. What 
more effective organization could there 
be? What higher form of partnership 
in a nation-wide work? No more 
jealousies regarding the securing of 
funds in these individual states, but the 
interest of one is the interest of all. The 
terms of partnership have been agreed 
upon involving the disposition of work 
and of funds alike. Now what is the 
outlook for a forward movement? 

In years past millions upon millions 
of dollars have been poured into our 
western states, churches, schools and 
colleges have been planted at strategic 
points. The ground has been occupied 
and now comes the time of cultivation, 
development and growth. These sec- 
tions of our country which have receiv- 
ed so largely from the East as a matter 
of growth must reciprocate and extend 
beyond their own borders. It is essen- 
tial that they establish new churches 
and Sunday schools in new communities 
within their own borders, but there must 

be an upward look and a wider vision. 
Here, providentially, God has opened up 
to us after all these years of preparation 
a greater field for missionary work and 
activity than has ever been vouchsafed 
to any people under the sun. Even a 
cursory study of our immigrant question 
convinces us that we are facing a prob- 
lem which has never been presented to 
any other nation. It is an unsolved 
problem and nothing to guide us, hu- 
manly speaking. There must be, as it 
must have been in the polity of nations 
of the past, a Divine guidance which we 
must acknowledge. The facts we have 
before us. How to deal with them is 
another question. Let us think a mo- 
ment upon this field which has been so 
providentially opened to our nation. 
From 1821 to 1871, fifty years, 7,368,858 
immigrants came to our shores. From 
1871 to 1891, twenty years, 8,580,804; 
from 1891 to 1907 sixteen years, over ten 
million, and in 1907 alone, probably not 
less than one and one-half millions. We 
do not comprehend the significance of 
these figures. What a foreign invasion 
it is! A million and a half coming 
from every country in the world to our 
shores each year seeking a home! What 
does it mean? For an illustration, we 
could take out the population of Maine, 
New Hampshire and Vermont absolute ■ 
ly, and repopulate those three states 
with immigrants that come to our 
shores in 1907. We could depopulate 
South Carolina, one of our magnificent 
southern states, and repopulate it with 
the immigrants that are coming to us 
in the first ten months of this year. We 
could take out the population of North 
and South Dakota and Colorado and fill 
them again with more than their present 
population from immigrants coming in 
1907. In recent years, the greater pro- 
portion of this emigration comes from 
central and Southern Europe, Italy 
about twenty-five per cent., and the 
Slavs another twenty-five per cent. It 
is a fact, that one per cent, of the entire 
population of Italy will find a home on 
our shores this present year, a large pro- 
portion of them being young men. 
What are we doing for them? We 




call them "dagoes" and "ginnies," and 
practically ostracize them, and yet they 
are, as a people, easy to reach and in- 
terested in religious things. 

Right here let me make a statement 
which contains some interesting facts. 
We all understand that these Italians 
have practically taken the place of the 
Irish in work on our streets and along 
our railway lines. However, they have 
not as yet entered upon their duties as 
policemen or magistrates very general- 
ly. In New York City there are not far 
from 600,000 Italians, a large proportion 
being men. There are about 350,000 
Irish, yet reliable statistics for 1905 give 
the total of 1,564 Irish sent to the Island 
for crime, and sixteen Italians. For 
begging in the streets in the same year, 
519 Irish and 92 Italians. In the Char- 
itable Institutions of this country, over 
thirty per cent, are Irish and eight per 
cent Italians. This is not entirely dis- 
creditable to the Italians. 

The story of the young Italian labor- 
er, who, a few years ago, found his home 
in New York City, converted in one of 
the missions on the West Side, returned 
to his native city, old Paestum, in south- 
ern Italy; the persecution he endured 
there, his steady adherence to the Gos- 
pel which he had accepted here, his 
organization of a church which to-day 
has about two hundred members and 
doing a splendid work, is an excellent 
example of what can be done with this 
class of people. America owes much to 
Italy, more than we can ever repay, and 
now in the providence of God, her pop- 
ulation is being poured upon our shores, 
and shall we shirk from the respon- 
sibility thus placed upon us? There are 
Italians enough in New York City to re- 
populate the states of Colorado and 
Nevada combined. They are ready to 
listen to the practical presentation of the 
Gospel. One church in New York City 
received thirty-two Italians on confes- 
sion of their faith last year, and recently 
five Italian pastors were ordained. 

A few weeks since, I attended a meet- 
ing held especially for people of this 
nationality in an eastern section of our 
city. T never witnessed closer attention 

to the Gospel message on the part of 
any audience. The field is white already 
to the harvest. 

What is true of this people is 
also true of the Slavic race which 
comprise another twenty-five per cent, 
of the immigrants coming to our shores 
yearly. Over 300,000 Slavs will enter 
the port of New York during this pres- 
ent year, filled with ideas of government, 
misgovernment, and no government at 
all. How shall we eradicate or correct 
these ideas ? There is no way except by the 
Gospel of Christ. Sometimes, I have felt 
that our work in foreign lands has been 
carried on too slowly, and that in the 
providence of God a different method 
was needed, which is, that God would 
send the representatives of the nations 
of the world to our shores for conver- 
sion that we in turn could give them a 
practical illustration of what the Gospel 
of Christ can do for a people and send 
them back the very best equipped mis- 
sionaries. Early in May, I heard a 
strange music, if it could be called music. 
A band was going up Madison Avenue, 
behind came a long line of carriages 
filled with about fifty Chinese merchants 
who had attained a competency in Mott 
and Doyer Streets, and were going back 
to China to enjoy life. They had a 
special car at the Grand Central Station 
to take them overland to Portland. I 
wondered what impression those Chinese 
merchants would carry home regarding 
the Gospel of Christ, and its influence 
upon men, as seen in the Mott and 
Doyer Street circles. The American 
people have heard the call for carrying 
the Gospel to foreign lands. India with 
bleeding hearts and outstretched hands 
has not appealed in vain. China, just 
awakening from the lethargy of a 
twenty centuries' slumber in the bosom 
of its ancestors, has evoked a speedy 
and generous response. Japan, that 
wonderful nation which burst a meteor 
across the horizon of history, has ap- 
pealed to our missionary loving people, 
^nd splendid results have been achieved. 
But in listening to these far off cries, I 
have sometimes felt that we did not hear 
the more piteous cries in the ghetto of 




New York, and the dark places of our 
large cities. No one can conceive of 
the squalor, misery and degradation of 
the East Side of New York. There is 
probably nothing in the Old World to 
compare with it. It is to a close part- 
nership in this needy work that we in- 
vite you, and through you every Sunday 
School, Young People's Society, or kin- 
dred organization. Yes, and every man, 
woman and child in our denomination. 
Next to a genuine religious revival, so 
sorely needed in our church and others, 
is the needed financial revival which 
shall tend to enlist the sympathy of the 
younger element in the work of our 
church. I am inclined to believe that 
the saying of the prophet of old is more 
applicable to-day than ever before: 
"Bring ye all the tithes into the store- 
house that there may be meat in mine 
house, and prove me now herewith saith 
the Lord of Hosts, if I will not open you 
the windows of Heaven and pour out 
you a blessing, that there shall not be 
room enough to receive it." 

Who can tell but that the giving and 
teaching the same to our children, and 
those ttnder our influence, may so open 
our hearts and theirs, that there will fol- 
low the revival of religious interest. 
Giving and teaching others to give was 
the keynote of Christ's work on earth. 
There is a closer relation to giving of 
our means and our growth in the Chris- 
tian life than we sometimes realize. In 

one of our southwestern cities, within 
the past twelve months, a canvas for a 
large s,um of money was made for a 
Y. M. C. A. building. One man, not a 
Christian, nor a church member, gave 
$5,000. This gift made such an impres- 
sion upon him that within a few days he 
called to see the pastor of the church 
where his family attended and said: "I 
have given this $5,000 to the Association 
and it has led me to the conviction that 
1 ought to give myself, and I wish to 
come into the church and acknowledge 
before the world that I am a Christian." 
He did so, and many, touched by his in- 
fluence and example, were led to con- 
fess Christ after the same manner. If 
we wish to interest the younger genera- 
tion in the things of Christ, then let us 
lead them to give for His work. Here 
on the one hand, we have the great mass 
of the practically unreached foreign el- 
ement, a constant meance to our coun- 
try's welfare; on the other hand, the 
church, our organizations and our young 
people. How shall we bring these el- 
ements together in such a manner as to 
build up a work that shall mean the ex- 
tension of Christ's Kingdom here in our 
own land and to the lands beyond? I 
know of no agency which is so thor- 
oughly equipped as is the Congregation- 
al Home Missionary Society, with its 
glorious history of the past, and its pres- 
ent standing, to cope with this most 
vital question. Shall it be supported? 

The Home Mission Advance Demanded By 
Growth of Population and Industry 

By James G. Cannon, New York 

IF the Congregational Home Mission- 
ary Society is to live, it must be- 
come a constructive force for Jesus 
Christ. We are not keeping pace with 
the times, we have spread ourselves out 
too thin, we must go forward, and, if 
need be, concentrate ourselves more, 
rather than cover so much territory. 

I believe the time has arrived when 
the forces of this Society and the Sec- 
retaries, should be organized so that the 

field outside of the large cities can be 
looked after by the State Societies, and 
that this Society should then concentrate 
all of its efforts upon city work. It is a 
well known fact that the churches in our 
cities all grow each year relatively 
weaker, as the population of our great 
cities increase. Our church is weakest 
where the destructive forces are strong- 
est, and as the years go by in this great 
Republic of ours, we are going to be 




ruled by the cities. If the great popula- 
tion of these cities are godless, what can 
we expect to be the condition of this 
land fifty years hence. The time was 
when the work of the Society was con- 
fined to isolated communities, and it 
did a great work in building up the 
Kingdom of Christ in the early days of 
this country among the pioneers, but 
now the tide has turned, and v. r e should 
endeavor to build up in each state a 
strong Constituent State Society, and 
help strengthen their organization in 
their rural work, b*:t this Society should 
concentrate its efforts upon our cities, 
and the great populations that are pour- 
ing into them. The home is not charac- 
teristic of the city. Statistics show that 
out of every one hundred families on the 
farms of our country, sixty-six own their 
homes, but in the large cities only 
twenty-three per cent, own their homes. 
The work of the State Society should be 
so arranged that the sixty-six per cent, 
of home owners all over this country, 
must come to the rescue, by gifts of 
money, of the dense, homeless popula- 
tion. This concentration of effort will 
do two things: 

ist. It will attract specific gifts of 
money for given objects in and out of 
our Congregational circle, which are in 
much need now, and will assist us to 
get first-class men and buildings, and I 
believe it will appeal to a constituency 

which we have never had before. 

2nd. It will attract to the Home Mis- 
sionary cause, some of the strong young 
ministers of the country. 

Home missions in the past have not 
attracted our young and active men as 
much as foreign missions, because we 
were spread out too much and our 
object was not definite enough, and it 
did not call out as many of our young 
men as the foreign field. 

The romance of foreign missions does 
affect its workers. They leave home and 
country, and have a difficult field in 
which to work, upon which the eye of 
their friends and the whole world are 
focused, and it has attracted thousands 
of men and women to work for it, by its 
romance. Not that I for one moment 
say that this was the real motive for 
their going, but in going they also had 
this great objective. 

Now the great populations of the 
world are pouring in here, and let us 
take advantage of the power of romance 
in the hearts of consecrated men, and 
devote our time and energies to calling 
them to a great work for Jesus Christ 
right at our doors, in the great cities of 
the land. Our Society can do this work 
as no*other Society can. We can go in- 
to the great cities without others being 
jealous of us, and by concentrating our 
work on a few great objective places, 
getting the best men working out the 
best methods, we can turn this great 
tide of godlessness in our cities. Equip- 
ment, methods and men are what we 
want, and we must rise to this before it 
is too late. The churches in our large 
cities, being weak, have all they can do 
to hold their own, but an active work, 
backed up by the resource of this So- 
ciety would stand like a rock, if the Con- 
gregational Church the country over 
would stand by us. The motive of all 
our work is saving souls, and building 
them up in the knowledge of our Lord 
and Saviour Jesus Christ. While this in 
itself is a great stimulant for activity, 
this advance in our work is demanded 
of us by the great increase in population 
and property, and we must concentrate 
our efforts as never before. 

Inspiration For Conquest 

By Rev. Henry H. Kelsey, Hartford, Conn. 

DURING the sessions of this great 
meeting, we have been looking 
out upon the opportunity and 
obligation of our Congregational 
Churches. We may assume that we 
know what we ought to do as individ- 
uals, as ministers and churches and as a 
denomination. We cannot be any of us 
to-day without visions and an ideal of 
the place our Congregational Churches 
ought to fill in the aggressive Kingdom 
work of this land and the world. We 
want to fill that place. We also sense 
the problem and the difficulties we face, 
possibly more keenly than we do the in- 
spiration of our opportunity. What we 
need and want is a true vision of our 
work and our relation to it, and with 
this a vision of our Lord and of our re- 
lation to Him. Such a vision will in- 
spire us. May the Lord give it to us 
this afternoon! 

I speak of Inspiration for Conqtiest. 
We are enrolled in the Lord's army for 
conquest. We are gathered here as 
leaders, generals in council. We should 
go back to our places with renewed 
purpose, courage and inspiration. 

The thing that makes an army in- 
vincible and irresistible is the conviction 
that they can and will win in any con- 
test. They thus become an inspired 
army. We are, or should be, a part of 
just such an army. 

But whence comes such inspiration 
and undying courage? 

First: From the knowledge of God's 

When God undertook to redeem this 
world, He knew the greatness and dif- 
ficulty of the undertaking, but He pur- 
posed to do it. Associated with his pur- 
pose was His choice of method and 
means for its accomplishment. In due 
time the Son was here, sent to carry out 
the Father's purpose. He came to in- 
itiate and potentially accomplish the 
greatest, most difficult task in heaven 
or earth. He did not have an easy time, 

but He did what He came to do, inspired 
from manger to crown by the very 
greatness of the work the Father had 
sent Him to do, and by the conscious- 
ness that He could do it. For the joy 
that was set before Him, he endured. 
That joy we may believe to have been 
the satisfaction of welcoming the re- 
deemed into His glory. He was inspired 
by the great and sure issues of His 

The privilege and responsibility of 
carrying forward what He began, of 
sharing the enthusiasm of the divine 
purpose, He transferred to His disciples, 
and they became possessed by the same 
inspiration. He told them that they 
were chosen and sent as He was; that 
they were God's agents on earth to 
bring to fruition what He had planned 
and they received their Master's spirit, 
had something of His vision and became 
irresistible, as you and I ought to be. 

Think for a moment of God's purpose 
for the individual Christian. It was of 
the individual disciple that Jesus said, 
"Out from within him shall flow rivers 
of living water." 

Think of God's purpose for His 
Church. "Upon this rock will I build 
my Church and the gates of hell shall 
not prevail against it." I believe this 
means that the Church shall be irresist- 
ible in conquest, as well as secure before 
her enemies. 

Think of God's purpose for the King- 
dom. "The kingdoms of this world 
shall become the kingdoms of our Lord 
and of His Christ." 

Stretch your imagination, brethren, to 
grasp the greatness of God's purpose. 
"Eye hath not seen, ear hath not heard, 
neither hath the heart of man conceived 
the things God has purposed and pre- 
pared," and concerning which He has 
given us revelation. 

To sense God's purpose for us and 
His Church is to be inspired for con- 




Second: There is inspiration also in 
the study of Our Equipment. 

One of the things purposed, and 
provided for, is that every Christian dis- 
ciple should be equipped for heroism in 
service and for conquest. 

Men on a modern battleship have 
courage because they know their ship, 
their guns and the skill of officers and 
men. They know what they can do. 

In the city of Hartford, a new rifle is 
being made that will shoot five miles. 
It's bullet will go through five men a 
mile away. The inventor says that a 
thousand men armed with these rifles 
could stand against twenty thousand 
armed with any rifle now in use. He 
says that a six-inch gun of this pattern 
will shoot thirty-two miles. Equip an 
army, and a navy, with these guns and 
they would fear nothing except an equal 
army and navy similarly equipped. 

But every soldier in God's hosts is 
equipped with an arm of might which no 
human weapon or defense can with- 
stand. The spirit of God is in every one 
of us. This enduement is for service, 
and it is real in us, as it was in Jesus and 
the apostles. 

Our weapon of conquest is the Word 
of God, which is now, as ever, the sword 
of the Spirit. We have the one message 
of life for men, which is more great and 
wonderful than any one of us have yet 
conceived. It is not a conventional set 
of facts or system of doctrine, or con- 
ventional anything. It is the evangel of 
redemption and of life, full, perfect and 
eternal. We have the one message 
which the world is waiting for and, for 
the most part, has not heard. Oh! the 
world in America has heard us preach; 
but has it heard the Gospel? 

In a recent conversation with a promi- 
nent business man, who travels much 
and knows men, he said: "I am never 
long with men in Pullman smokers, for 
example, but conversation drifts to the 
mention of Jesus Christ. Men like to 
talk about Him." And, he added, "All 
of this talk of men that they are un- 
fortunate, have made certain slips, have 
certain weaknesses, etc., is bosh. Men 
know they have sinned and they want to 

know of the cure and that it is sure." 
Men are interested for a few minutes 
in the opinions of. ministers. They will 
come to church for a time to hear the 
preacher lecture upon what we some- 
times think of as up-to-date ideas of 
ethics and religion. But they know, and 
we know, that our real commission is as 
heralds of the evangel of the Christ, who 
saves men from sin, by whom alone 
souls are saved, men redeemed and life 
transformed. Our individual equipment 
is exactly the same as that of the apos- 
tles, who were sent bare handed into the 
world to do the impossible. But they 
did it, and so can we, for God sends us, 
as He sent them, with the same adequate 
equipment of message and power. 

Then we have an amazing advantage 
over the apostles. We have behind us 
all the victories, all the progress of 
nineteen centuries. We serve in days 
when the pace of all world and kingdom 
progress is dizzy. Men plan and ac- 
complish enormous undertakings in 
these days. They exercise boldness, 
daring, faith, in their world enterprises, 
Mid succeed. If we leaders in the 
church felt the inspiration I am talking 
about, we would be more bold, daring, 
and exercise more faith in God and men 
than we usually do, and plan and do 
great things for God. 

But as to our advantage over the 
apostles. They had no Christian his- 
tory and little experience back of them 
and no organization. They had the 
message, and only the enduement of 
power. We have the message, en- 
duement of power and nineteen 
centuries of history, the experience 
of multitudes, and the organized 
Christian Church. And the church 
is not an army that is all a hospital 
corps by any means. The Christian 
Church, the Congregational Churches, 
are a great, energetic, loyal, brave host 
and they are well organized locally. If 
this organization of pastor, deacons, 
Sunday school superintendent and work- 
ers and godly men and women other- 
wise associated, were led in every in- 
stance by an inspired pastor, they would 
catch his inspiration and spending less 




time in spiritual drill and exercise, they 
would be an irresistible, winning power 
in every community. If they were zeal- 
ously attempting to do what they are 
enlisted, organized and drilled for, they 
would win in every instance. 

We are organized as a denomination, 
though not as well as some of us wish 
we were. An army in the field never at- 
tempts conquest by independent scouts, 
or by the operation of independent com- 
panies or regiments. They fight as an 
army, every part co-operating with every 
other part. But we Congregationalists 
seem to think that the only way we can 
fight is as individuals or independant 
groups. We may perhaps boast of our 
up-to-dateness as individuals. What if 
we have developed the efficiency in 
endurance workers? We are behind the 
age as an army that purposes achieve- 
ment. This is why we are losing in 
cities and towns all over this land. 
Football games are won by team work. 
The world's battles are won by general- 
ship and organization. We Congrega- 
tionalists are wasting energy and losing 
battles these days for lack of just this 
thing. We have developed efficiency in 
individual men and churches. When 
once we are marshalled, disciplined and 
so ordered that we shall sense each 
other and work together, each man feel- 
ing in him the strength of his brethren, 
and each part of the army feeling the 
power of the whole, then will begin a 
new epoch in our history. 

The most effective enterprise associat- 
ed with Congregationalism is that of 
our American Board;- but the American 
Board is not the Congregational Church. 
It is an independent corporation. The 
American Board succeeds because in its 
enterprise there is generalship, thorough 
organization, team work, and a discipline 
felt from the office in Boston to its re- 
motest missionary outpost. But this 
which is true of the American Board is 
not true of our Congregational Church- 

We are now in session as the Home 
Missionary Society. This Society is the 
Congregational Churches organized foi 
conquest in our home land, an enter- 

prise, an achievement more vital to 
Kingdom progress in the world, to hu- 
man -welfare the world round, than 
Foreign Missions. I will not argue this 
point in this presence, except to say, 
these two things: First, That life cur- 
rents, the impulse of thoughts, motives 
and purposes in this land go round the 
world. What is done in New York or 
Chicago influence life in Peking and 
Bombay. Second, The maintenance of 
the American Board and of every other 
enterprise of our churches depends upon 
the maintenance and increase of re- 
sources in the homeland churches. 

We believe our organization is to-day 
adapted and adequate for this great mis- 
sion. In it provision is made for the 
union of all our forces under able 
leaders. I believe we are now equipped 
in our Home Missionary Organization 
for a great increase in effective service 
if the leaders and the army all have the 
vision that makes an army inspired. If 
we ever, or anywhere, fail, it will not be 
because we lack equipment. 





Third: Leadership. 

Again, enthusiasm, confidence, a spirit 
of heroism that gives conquering might 
to an army is evoked by its leader. 

I met this summer a man who was 
under Sheridan. He told me the story 
of Winchester, of the surprise and scat- 
tering of our soldiers; of Sheridan's ride 
to the scene; of the rally of his men, the 
stand, the charge, and the victory. This 
old trooper said: "When it was known 
that Sheridan had come, every man had 

When Grant was in command and had 
set his face to go to Richmond, every 
man in his army and every patriot in 
the northland knew that he would get 
there. The army and the country were 
inspired by their leader. 

The career of Napoleon is the story 
of men and armies inspired by his won- 
derful personality. 

Our army is commanded, led, by the 
Christ of Galilee and of Glory. "Go ye 
therefore and make disciples of all the 
nations." Here is command. Here is 
purpose. Here is promise of victory. 
Here is assurance of the presence of the 
Commander-in-Chief on the field. John 
saw Him in Patmos walking in the 
might of His glory in the midst of the 
candlesticks, which were the churches. 

He plans the campaign. He distributes 
His forces. He guides and nerves the 
arm of the individual soldier. He leads 
the host to conquest. 

T saw a picture some years ago. The 
artist had tried to reproduce on canvas 
his conception of Jesus leading the pro- 
gress of the world. He had painted a 
heroic figure, set forward in the picture 
and behind him were aspostles, martyrs, 
reformers and all the leaders of the 
world's life, following the Christ. It 
was a great and true conception of the 
place and power of the personality of 

He whose name is above every name 
on earth and in heaven: He whom men re- 
vere and angels worship: Who lives to 
bring to full achievement the purpose 
for which He died; whose presence is 
unfailing, and whose conquest sure; by 
whom apostles and martyrs were in- 

spired to live and to die: He is the 
leader of our hosts to-day, our ever-liv- 
ing Lord. 

You and I are dull, or dead, if we are 
not filled with courage, inspired, thrill- 
ed, by the personality of our leader, who 
leads as the victor, always conquering 
and to conquer. 

Fourth: Assurance of Victory. 

Then, again, we are inspired by the as- 
surance of victory. Oh! the work is 
hard and progress slow; and the prob- 
lems are tremendous. But they have al- 
ways been so and will be to the end. A 
million of aliens from southern Europe 
are not a more impossible problem than 
ten thousand scribes and Pharisees in 
Jerusalem. Difficulties, the impossibil- 
ities of man, vanish before the omnipo- 
tence of God. He sometimes chooses 
the weakest agents to do the greatest 
things, just to give us all courage. 

God has willed that His Church should 
grow: He has willed that the loyal 
servants of Jesus shall not fail, and they 
never do, whatever the results they can 
see. And, brethren, we cannot one of 
us conceive that God has given to the 
Congregational Churches of the United 
States such a splendid history; that He 
has raised up such an army, so equipped 
as we are to-day, except it is for the 
conquest of this land for Christ. 

The apostles were sure of victory. 
Thoy had boldness and courage that was 
irresistible. They were true to their 
Lord and they knew it, and they herald- 
ed His message, and they knew that it 
was true and was the power of God unto 
salvation to every one that would re- 
ceive it, and they turned the world up- 
side down. They were inspired men, in- 
spired for conquest because they knew 
their Lord, and that because they were 
on His business and were doing His 
will they must succeed. 

It is abnormal for us not to expect re- 
vivals in the churches, conversions 
everywhere and at any time, an in- 
crease of churches and in the churches 
everywhere, more money for the 
Lord's work, and a mighty increase of 
influence of the Gospel upon the lives of 
men. All the known purpose of God, 




all the equipment of the church, and the 
leadership of Christ are for conquest. 
True, it is a spiritual conquest. Yes, 
and therefore it is sure; and therefore 
we should be inspired by this assurance. 
We are weak, but this is the condition 
of power. We lack money, but the 
source of power is not in money or any 
material thing. Power, all power, all 
that makes conquest sure, is in God and 
His Gospel, and these we have. The 
Cross is our symbol of victory, and it 
may be on every banner. 

Our lack, if we lack, is of inspiration, 

is of faith, of boldness and daring in- 
itiative, of invincible courage. An in- 
spired host we may be, we shall be, if 
we have a sense of God and of His pur- 
pose, if we appropriate and use the 
equipment with which He has armed us, 
if we feel the presence and personality 
of our Leader, and loyally serve with 
Him, as He leads us on to victory. 

If we lack we may have: May we 
have now and keep always — Vision of 
the white fields and of our relation to 
them. Vision of our Lord and of our re- 
lation to Him. 

My Country 

By Mrs. B. W. Firman, 
President of Woman's National Federation 

AN Irishman was once asked who 
was the biggest man in Amer- 
ica, and he replied, "Shure, I 
think it must be a fellow named Mike 
Ountrie, for everywhere I go I hear 
folks singing, 'Mike Ountrie, 'tis of 
thee I sing.' " 

Some people's patriotism begins 
and ends in' song. And while the 
song is inspiring and commendable, 
the spirit which makes us want to do 
big things for the country we love, is 
much better. 

What is our chief desire for this 
"land where our fathers died, — land 
of the Pilgrims' pride?" 

I had a dream some months ago, 
which, when I first awoke, seemed, al- 
most irreverent. But the impression of 
that dream grew and grew, and I be- 
lieve it was given me for a purpose. 
I dreamed that right by my side there 
was placed the foot of a long ladder, 
which reached up and up far above 
me. All sorts and conditions of men 
and women and children were climb- 
ing. And far away, almost out of 
sight, I could see at the other end the 
entrance to a bright and beautiful 
place which had mansions for all. 
Over this gateway to Heaven waved 
my own dearly beloved American 

flag ! When I woke I felt a peculiar 
choky feeling, and as I caught my 
breath I just resolved never to tell 
that dream lest someone should say, 





and justly, that I was going a step too 
far to even dream that the stars and 
stripes were over Heaven's gateway. 
But as I thought I seemed to see the 
countless streams of people from 
every clime pouring into "My Coun- 
try," I realized that if the Christian 
people of our land are true to their 
trust, — if they really mean what they 
sing when, on patriotic occasions, 
they lustily shout, "Long may our 
land be bright, with Freedom's holy 
light," — then verily it will prove the 
gateway to Heaven for all who enter. 

"Freedom's holy light !" Do we 
mean simply the freedom of our 
United States? How long are we to 
on joy that even at the longest? It 
ought to stand for the "liberty where- 
with Christ hath made us free." 
Patriotism which goes no further than 
my country, America, does not de- 
serve the name of Christian. It is 
only as we lead people under our 
flag, into a possibility of citizenship 
in that country not made with hands, 
that we have been true to our trust. 

How about it? Here they come — 
thousands and thousands — to join 
thousands and thousands already here, 
but as yet without their citizens' pa- 
pers, snowing that they will be at 
home when they reach the other end 
of the ladder. 

They see on every hand alluring, 
brilliant social gathering places which 
— shame be ! — too often flaunt our 
star-spangled banner on their sign- 
boards. The strangers go in, — the 
strangers in the city, in the mining 
district, away out on the frontier, in 
every locality in "My Country," these 
countless throngs find welcome to the 
ever-present saloon. And, as a work- 
er in one of our mining districts re- 
marked lately, the foreigners think 
that the saloon must stand for the 
highest type of social life, because it 
is the most popular institution they 
find here. 

If we stopped with this thought we 
should be ready to give up the dream, 
but, thank God, we have hope. We 

are not all saloon keepers. Some of 
us are church keepers, some keep 
school, and we know that as truly as 
God lives, that some time, some how, 
if we are all of us faithful, the Church 
of Christ and Christian schools will 
gather in all strangers with a warmer 
hospitality even than they are now 
getting from the makers of beer. 

An Italian miner in Illinois was 
once asked where he expected to go 
when he died, and he promptly re- 
plied, "To the Congregational 
Church." That church had opened its 
doors to the Italians of the town, for 
religions and social and educational 
purposes. I wish every church of 
"My Country" would do that. 

A Western preacher recently re- 
marked that the future of Congrega- 
tionalism depends on the women. 
Maybe that's so. If it is, we feel sure 
that federated together as we are now 
from east to west and north to south, 
we can, and we will, work more ef- 
fectively than ever before in making 
our land "bright with Freedom's holy 
light." As Congregational women, I 
believe we truly care whether Amer- 
ica belongs to Christ or -to the devil ! 
We care enough to work and pray and 
give. Are the men as concerned? 

I saw a sign the other day in the 
crowded part of Chicago's worst ward, 
"Wanted: Concrete Laborers." That 
is just what the Lord wants in our 
Home Missionary work to-day — not 
just people to sing about it, or talk 
about it in the abstract way, but "con- 
crete laborers," who are willing either 
to do the work, firsthand themselves, 
in the hard places, or else who will 
put their hands down deep in their 
pockets and give till it hurts, — for My 
Country. Which will you do? 

I look again up my ladder; I see 
the folds of the red, the white and the 
blue, and I long for the words of the 
prophet of old to be said of My Coun- 
try, "All nations shall call you bless- 
ed ; for ye shall be a delightsome land 
saith the Lord of hosts." 

Home Mission Aggressiveness 

The Expression of Denominational Self-Respect 

By Frank T. Bayley, D. D., Denver, Colo. 

IN some sense, the last days are upon 
us. Historical Geography indicates 
America as the world's centre. The 
course of empire can hold its westward 
way no farther. There is no more "new 
world." The great migratory tide of 
history reaches here its boundry, only to 
be met by another which comes by a 
shorter way out of the heart of the 
Orient. East and west our gates stand 
open. We may well ask with bated 
breath what God intends for ultimate 
America. Surely, God's last should be 
God's best. 

These open gates frighten us; and well 
they may unless we fall in behind the 
purposes of the Almighty. But before 
we talk of blue blood, and cry "America 
for Americans," we shall do well to ask 
who were the first Americans, and what 
our immigrant fathers did to them; to 
number the German and Irish regiments 
of the Civil War; to inquire where John 
Ericsson was born, whose monitor saved 
that desperate day at Hampton Roads, 
and incidentally, to ask who Jacob Riis 
is. I asked an Indian boy in Alaska this 
summer of what tribe he was. In turn, 
he asked me what I was; and on my re- 
plying, "I am an American," he said, 
"So am I"! 

A composite stock has always been 
the strongest, both in timber and in na- 
tion. The conquering, colonizing peo- 
ples have been of blended fibre, not of 
blue blood. And one of the secrets of 
coming history lies in the fact that in 
America God is developing such a blend 
as the world has never seen. To the Church 
Christ has committed the task of mak- 
ing it Christian. 

Confronted thus, we face conditions 
which, apart from God, were overwhelm- 
ing. An immigration of more than a 
million a year; three thousand each day; 
a foreign influx every three years equal 

to the population of the American 
colonies when the Revolution began. Al- 
ready more than a thousand newspapers 
are published in the United States in 
foreign tongues. In a single school in 
New York City twenty-nine languages 
are spoken. New York is the largest 
Jewish city in the world. So many of 
our Hebrew brethren live in Brooklyn 
that the great bridge has been called 
"the Passover." And here in America 
are the Titans of evil: Intemperance, 
licentiousness and rampant commercial- 
ism; with anarchy, both the red-handed 
and the more dangerous form which 
holds the cup of pleasure in jeweled 
fingers. The devil will bid high for 
America and fight hard. 

Surely, under such conditions, the 
proposition implied in the theme assign- 
ed me needs no argument. Patriotism 
and Christianity alike demand home mis- 
sionary aggressiveness. A denomination 
that hugs the camp loses all right to 
self-respect. Worse than that, — it must 
incur the scorn of the world and the sad 
anger of Christ. Instead of arguing the 
proposition, let us apply the test, 

It were easy to flatter ourselves with 
soft words. Noble achievements stand 
to the credit of Congregationalism. It 
has been a distinguished poineer in ed- 
ucation, a notable exponent of civil and 
individual liberty. It stands for light 
and the open eye. Its polity is peculiar- 
ly adapted to this democratic age, and 
perhaps its gifts to general philanthropy 
were never larger than now. But what 
of our home missionary work? It is not 
to be forgotten that there are many 
splendid givers; that there is much of 
sporadic life and fruit among our 
churches. But let us take the large look 
and be severely honest. Diagnosis is a 
large part of cure. Perhaps he best 
shouts "Forward!" who helps to cast 




off the stern line. 

Our financial resources are beyond 
precedent. The country is drunk with 
prosperity; and the Church has her full 
share of a wealth almost fabulous. Last 
year the farm products alone heaped up 
six and a half billion dollars and more; 
while the wealth of the country has in- 
creased forty-one billion dollars within 
fourteen years. Might one timidly in- 
quire if God has any harvest rights? A 
decent stewardship of such wealth would 
flood the Lord's treasuries. Even one 
per cent, of that single farm crop would 
mean sixty-five million dollars. 

Meanwhile, with few exceptions, the 
gifts to the great kingdom-causes repre- 
sented by the Church have steadily de- 
creased. The receipts of the Home Mis- 
sionary Society for the last three years 
have averaged $53,000 less per year than 
for the three years immediately preced- 
ing; and we face to-day a portentous 

Money is a great test. "Money talks!" 
What does it mean that this great, rich 
Church is doling out driblets from the 
lap of wealth; bidding its Master play 
the part of beggar at the rich man's 
gate? There is, indeed, much noble giv- 
ing. If that were deducted we should 
realize more fully the significance of 
those dreadful words, "the penny collec- 
tion." But how little giving is fragrant 
with love and marked by real liberality? 
Judged, by the principle of proportion, 
much of the giving suggests the pagan 
whom Isaiah satirizes; who cuts a tree 
in the forest, uses what he wishes for 
cooking and for warming himself, and 
"of the residue thereof he maketh him a 
god." Fag-end religon: petty gifts for 
a petty god. The arithmetic of many 
Christians never goes on to proportion; 
it stops at vulgar fractions. So our So- 
cieties are compelled to borrow and to 
beg; the cry of debt sounds every year, 
and the device of "special offerings" is 
about worn out. The fruits of God's 
vineyard are bursting granaries and 
barns, overflowing purse and vault; but 
the pierced hands are stretched out well- 
nigh in vain. Is it not time, brethren, 
for the Church of God to read upon its 

knees the Parable of the Wicked Hus- 

But we go on quoting those words of 
Jesus: "Lo, I am with you always," as 
though they promised protection and 
comfort in the camp, instead of leader- 
ship in the campaign. The common use 
of them is suggested by this sequence, 
which I find in an admirable book of 
Scripture Readings: "I will not leave 
you comfortless; I will come to you. Lo, 
I am with you always." It is time we 
knew that Christ will not "comfort" the 
disobedient; that He will not bless a 
church which does not bear the cross 
and follow Him for the world's con- 

What is the trouble in the present 
situation? Surely, Christ did not con- 
template impotency when He made the 
Church His body; when He sent it forth 
to conquer the world. 

The fault is not in our machinery; we 
have an admirable organization, but 
organization is only an arrangement of 
parts through which energy may be 
transmitted. The imperative of the hour 
is not mechanism, but power. The 
Church is too much like a splendid 
power-house, equipped with the latest 
machinery, — with the fires low under the 
boiler. The trouble is in the heart of 
the Church. Not the hardness of the 
worldling, but the indifference of the 
Christian is the great hindrance to 
Christ's Kingdom. The world is more 
ready to hear than the Church to speak. 
There are open doors enough, but purses 
are closed; and purses are closed be- 
cause hearts are cold. 

There must be some remedy; a 
remedy not to be sought afar, but in- 
herent in the original plan of God. Let 
us ask what that plan was which con- 
templated conquering power for the 
Church of Christ. Recall that word of 
Paul to the power-worshipping Romans: 
"The Gospel is the power of God unto 
salvation." The "dynamic of God" it is; 
for the Greek is dunamos. That word 
cannot be less true to-day. If God ever 
took hold of this world to redeem it, He 
has not let go; and if the energy of Om- 
nipotence be geared to the kingdom of 




Christ, things ought to move, steadily, 
irresistibly. We know the power of God 
in the lift of the tides, the heave of the 
earthquake, the swing of innumerable 
stars. But what may be expected when 
His heart throbs! And the Gospel is 
the pulse of the heart of God. 

But it is God's plan that this supreme 
energy should work through His 
Church. It is one of the noblest teach- 
ings of the evolutionary philosophy that 
God works by means of "resident 
forces." He who deems the mere ex- 
ternal application of power more worthy 
of God should prefer a wheelbarrow to 
an automobile. "Whose seed is in it- 
self" was written of every living thing 
which God created. Such is God's 
method of gearing omnipotence to life: 
He lodges in the heart of the thing the 
power of growth and propagation. So 
it is that at the first, His Church went 
forth conquering. We may not ideal- 
ize the early Church. It had faults 
■enough. But how gloriously it proved 
this law and answered this test! Its 
seed was in itself. Omnipotence throb- 
bed at its heart. It laid hold of the com- 
mon stuff of humanity to transform it. 
propagated itself. It made its own disci- 
ples, missionaries, martyrs. It got its 
own money, and neither begged nor bor- 

The early Christians were mostly of 
the common people; notable neither in- 
tellectually nor morally. "Not many 
wise men, not many mighty, not many 
of high birth," says Paul as he scans 
the church roll at Corinth; and when he 
has written down the appalling list of 
abominations in that corrupt city, he 
says to the church members, — "And such 
were some of you!" God found material 
for his jewels as the sun finds fabric for 
the snowy clouds of June, — in the gut- 
ters of the street. 

That early Church had little that the 
world accounts resources: little organ- 
ization — count the committees in the 
Book of The Acts: neither wealth nor 
learning nor social prestige; no institu- 
tions; no critical apparatus for rightly 
discerning its own Scriptures. It had 
-never heard of Evolution or Psychology; 

it had no philosophy save that which is 
the profoundest in all the world, the 
revelation of the heart of God in Jesus 
. Christ. It only knew the sublime fact 
of John 3:16. It had a Cross, and a 
Risen Lord. And so it knew the aban- 
don of love, the joy of hilarious giving, 
the power of the Holy Ghost and the 
tongue of fire. 

Such was the Church that Christ sent 
forth to conquer the world; and her 
achievements turned the course of his- 
tory. What was the secret of her power? 
She carried in her simple heart that 
simple Gospel which is "The power, of 
God unto salvation." The heart of God 
is in the Gospel; and only the heart of 
God can win the heart of man. It was 
the great love-story that conquered and 
transformed men; making them wit- 
ness, propagandists, armed with an ir- 
resistible faith, a contagious joy, a con- 
quering love. Hear the apostolic philos- 
ophy of it all: "We love Him because 
He first loved us." "God commendeth 
His love to us : n that while we were yet 
sinners, Chris t died for us." "The love of 
Christ constraineth us : He died for all 
that they which live should no longer 
live unto themselves, but unto Him who 
for their sakes died and rose again." 

The fervor of the early Church was 
born of its faith. Its creed was very 
brief, its philosophy utterly simple; but 
it knew its Master as the Lord from 
heaven, the divine Son of God, the Sav- 
ior of men by His cross, His resurrec- 
tion and his gift of life eternal. How 
larger the kingly Christ bulks upon the 
apostolic page! "They preached Jesus 
and the resurrection." "With great pow- 
er gave the apostles witness ol the resur- 
rection of the Lord Jesus." Eve a among 
the philosophic Corinthains, Paul "de- 
termined to know nothing save Jesus 
Christ and Him crucified." 

What has become of the divine dy- 
namic? Is it the power of God — except 
in the Church of the twentieth century? 
Must we confess that though it can 
transform savages in Gaul and in Pata- 
gonia it cannot open civilized purses? 
No, brethren. If the dynamic of God 
seems to be failing it is because it is no 




longer resident and regnant in the 
heart of the Church. If we have lost 
fervor, we have lost faith. If we have 
shallowed the Gospel, what wonder that 
we have tightened the purse-strings. 
Hybridization tends to sterility. 

We have much that the early Church 
had not. But there is no substitute for 
the Cross as an inspiration to sacrificial 
service. Analytic scholarship is dead 
without a burning heart. A critical re- 
sidum will never inspire a tongue of 
flame. It takes the Gospel of a crucified 

Redeemer to do that. 

What has become of the Cross in the 
Church? Has it become a jeweled 
ornament to be worn in the languid 
bosom of pride? Cross-wearing is easy. 
But who would bear the cross save for 
a Master who was crucified? 

The world waits the reinstatement of 
the cross in the heart of the Church: 
The cross, not as a shibboleth or a dog- 
ma: the cross as the consummate, con- 
quering expression of that sacrificial love 
which was eternal in the heart of God. 

The New Congregationalism In The 
New South 

By F. E. Jenkins, D. D. 

MY subject was assigned me with 
no definitions. I must make my 
own or go without. 
This National Council is try- 
ing to determine what the New Congre- 
gationalism is, and more especially what 
it is to be. The New South also is in 
the making. No man can tell what it is 
to be. Its great race problem is un- 
solved, and no man to-day is wise 
enough to solve it. Two men think 
they have done it. One lives in the 
South, and forgets that history's forces 
are ever pushing demons a little nearer 
the world's throne. The other lives in 
the North, and evolves his knowledge 
out of his inner consciousness and never 
squares it with actual conditions. "If 
any man thinketh that he knoweth any- 
thing, he knoweth not yet as he ought to 
know," which being translated by Josh 
Billings, means, "It is better not to 
know so much than to know so many 
things that ain't so." 

But if I am to say anything about the 
subject assigned me, I must at least as- 
sume some things about the newCo ngre- 
gationalism and the new South to serve 
instead of accurate and conclusive defi- 

And first, I assume that the new Con- 
gregationalism will believe that it has a 
mission, and not that it must be eternal- 
ly making an apology for its presence on 
the face of the earth. I assume also that 
it will believe that mission has some 
connection with the Divine and some 
relation to the Congregational Churches 
of the New Testament. 

In the second place, I assume that the 
new Congregationalism will believe that 

it has a mission not only to the rude 
wilds, west of the Hudson, but also to 
the terra incognita south of the Potomac 
and Ohio; that it will be national and 
not provincial, as it was at least up to 
the beginning of this Council; that its 
progress will not have to be forced in 
order to embrace all the people of our 
national domain, and that they will be 
without the old post-script, "O Lord in 
all this we refer not to the white man of 





the South. We have no confidence in 
him, and we gently but firmly protest 
that Thou shouldest not have." 

In the third place, I assume that the 
new Congregationalism will have re- 
ligion. A large United Brethren Church 
in Atlanta become impatient with the 
slow-coming of the tri-union, and unani- 
mously and enthusiastically voted to be- 
come Congregational. When the matter 
was first broached only one man made 
the slightest objection, and he was a 
Connecticut Yankee from a long line of 
Congregational ancestors. But he final- 
ly voted with the others and was sent 
as the church's delegate to the last meet- 
ing of the North Georgia Association 
with its request for membership. The 
meeting was held in a large country 
church, in which there had been a year- 
long revival. There was considerable 
enthusiasm, much spiritual power, a 
frequent hearty "Amen" and an oc- 
casional chorus of them. Our delegate 
went back to his church delighted, and 
in reporting said: "Why, these Congre- 
gationalists have religion!" Brethren, I 
hope that our new Congregationalism 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and 
from Canada to Key West and Browns- 
ville will have religion. 

As to the new South, I assume that 
it will be the richest portion of our 
great country. I could give you many 
reasons for this strong statement, but 
my minutes are numbered and our Presi- 
dent is a determined man with no con- 
sideration for a fine peroration. I must 
refrain with the simple recitation of the 
statement of my assumption, that when 
forests, fields and mines; cotton, coal 
and climate: fruits, vegetables and 
melons; iron, gold and canals have done 
their work and produced their results, 
the South will be the richest section of 
our country. 

I assume again that the new 
South will have found a method of 
Brotherhood. Twenty-one years ago 
next month, when I first come South, I 
could have told you all about it. I had 
the Race Problem solved. I could tell 
the South anything it wanted to know. 
But after pastorates in Kentucky, Ala- 
bama and Georgia; after serving as 
Field Superintendent for the American 
Missionary Association and as Superin- 
tendent of Georgia and the South for 
the Home Missionary Society, I am 
compelled to confess that I did not 
know anything as I ought to know it. 
And when I assume that the Christians 
of the South will find a method of broth- 
erhood, I cannot tell you all the details 
of it or how soon it will come. But it 
will have the approval of the Christian 
heart and conscience, and will come 
through Christians seeking the mind of 

Christ and of God when He made of 
one every nation of men to dwell on all 
the face of the earth, having determined 
their appointed seasons and the bounds 
of their habitations that they should 
seek God. The old Congregationalism 
has had a large part in the progress al- 
ready made toward a recognition of 
brotherhood, and God is calling the new 
Congregationalism to a larger part in its 

The new Congregationalism in the 
new South will be a part of the new 
Congregationalism in the New Nation. 
The wealth, sons and daughters of the 
new Congregationalism — the new South 
will be laid under tribute with the 
wealth, sons and daughters of the rest 
of the new nation for the establishment 
of the Kingdom of God in a new world. 
The new Congregationalism of the new 
South will be the old Congregationalism 
of the New Testament reaching out to 
conquer the world for Christ, and laugh- 
ing at sacrifices however many, and at 
death however cruel, that it may obey 
its Master and make disciples of all the 

This world-wide work is no child's 
play, no matter of a mere five or even 
ten millions of dollars a year. A map 
whose shadings show Christianity, Mo- 
hammedanism and heathenism, as they 
are spread out on the earth; and the 
relative strength of Christian ideals and 
forces — Roman, Greek and Protestant — ■ 
a map of this kind with "Go make dis- 
ciples of all nations" printed on it, tells 
the story of work not done, but to be 
done. It is a gigantic enterprise that 
requires for its success resources as far 
beyond any it has ever had, as the pour- 
ing rain is beyond the little sprinkle 
that foreruns it. 

We are dealing to-day with the base 
of supplies for the work of the churches 
that led America in world-wide missions. 
I am asking, Shall the richest third of 
our nation as it is to be, have no part, 
or shall it have a large part in continu- 
ing that leadership? Shall our Congre- 
gational advance upon the world be ever 
that of a provincial people ever grow- 
ing relatively smaller with a relatively les- 
sening influence on the world? Or shall it 
be that of a people ever growing larger 
and ever laying its hand upon a nation's 
growing wealth? Shall we not refuse to 
shut ourselves away from the resources 
of the great unfolding South, in need 
now of our work for itself more than is 
East, or West, or North and able to re- 
turn for good done it now in its hour 
of need, many thousand-fold in what it 
will do for the world when it shall have 
come to its own? 

Brethren, there is certainly to be a 
new Congregationalism, and there is 




certainly to be a new South; but if they 
are to get together, if there is to be 
the new Congregationalism in the new 
South, the time has come to make it so. 
They tell of the Century plant's sudden 
unfolding in beautiful blossom after its 
long waiting. The South has waited 
long. Conditions have been adverse, 
year after year has shown little oppor- 
tunity. But it has suddenly blossomed. 
I have seen already what I never ex- 
pected to see in a long lifetime. Ala- 
bama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, 
Louisiana, Arkansas, Texas, Kentucky, 
Tennessee, North Carolina, South Caro- 
lina — all are waiting fields. 

A first year student of our Atlanta 
Theological Seminary went this sum- 
mer, to his home in the heart of North 
Carolina. He was invited to preach. 
They built him a brush arbor for a sum- 
mer church. They flocked to hear him, 
congregations of hundreds. They pour- 
ed into his Sunday school two hundred 
and fifty strong. They asked for an 
organized church; they subscribed 
money, material and work to build with- 
out outside help, a house of worship. 
Other communities around are calling 

for our work. And when this student 
graduates two years hence, a whole con- 
ference of churches will await him 
among a people to whom he first impart- 
ed our interpretation of a free Gospel in 
a free church. 

Brethren, let's hasten the new Con- 
gregationalism. All fruits are on new 
growths. Let's have a Congregational- 
ism that has enough new growth to give 
us a great yearly crop to record in each 
succeeding year-book. Let's have a 
splendid new Congregationalism of life 
and spiritual power. And let's put it 
into the rich new soil of the great new 
South; and the lucious peaches and 
enticing melons of Georgia, the golden 
oranges and grape-fruit of Florida, the 
abounding sugar and rice fields of 
Louisiana, the vast wheat fields of 
Texas, and the bursting snowy cotton 
of them all, will be but suggestions of 
the great harvests of souls we shall 
garner, and of the gold and silver we 
shall gather to send like blessings to the 
ends of the earth. Let's put the new 
Congregationalism in the new South, 
and do it now! 

Strategic Work In Centers Of Influence 

By Rev. D. F. Fox, D. D., Chicago, 111. 

OURS is a day of big things. We 
worship size. We speak of 
"greater" New York. We bow to 
the immense. Chicago has had 
the biggest fair, the biggest fire, the big- 
gest strike. There is about us an air of 
independence, a sense of resource, a 
tendency to boastfulness. Cleave the 
American heart to the core and you 
will find tucked away in the deepest 
corner of every such heart a declaration 
of independence. We expect the sen- 
sational. Nothing surprises us. You 
would be surprised if you were not sur- 
prised. We know full well that bigness 
is not greatness, but we also know that 
when we laugh at ourselves it is because 
we feel that we can afford to do so. We 
feel that we have a future. We know it. 
Some there may be who are not in 
touch with this spirit of the times, but 
they are the exception. They dwell 
apart. They have not the vision of the 
prophet. They hear only the grass- 
hopper chatter and the prairie dog prate 
of the lowlands. They cannot take in 
the large things. They never get be- 
yond the merely local. There are peo- 
ple who cannot take in anything larger 
than their own home or village or set 
or sect or country. There are people 
who can't take in anything larger than 

Rhode Island. There are people who 
can't take in anything larger than New 
England. Nothing beyond that. You 
must put them off at Buffalo. There 
are Englishmen who think the world is 
complete in the roll-call of their nation. 
We Americans are inclined to think that 
the United States is the last frontier of 
the universe. The reason why men ad- 
mire Napoleon Bonaparte is because he 
stood in France and reached out, north, 
south, east and west and wanted to put 
his fingers on the earth. The idea of 
world empire is great, it is facinating, it 
appeals to the imagination. In com- 
merce in our day men are climbing up 
to that. They are selling steel rails not to 
a single road or country — but to the 
world. They are selling oil not to a 
few dealers in a few states, but to all 
dealers, the world over. 

In every such combination two or 
three forces unite and the point of meet- 
ing furnishes the strategic element. 
Failure means blindness, success means 
readiness when the strategic moment ar- 

Let us look for a moment at the stage 
and see some of the actors as they come 
and go in the life of a great center of 
influence. Here are factories, elevators, 
stores, office biddings; the hurrying 





throng, the clang of bell, the rattle of 
wagon, the honk of flying automobile 
and the incoherent cry of newsboy and 
peddler. This vast arena, this center of 
a hundred world highways, taking toll 
from east and west is the very incarna- 
tion of twentieth century and daring. 
In touch with the whole world it knows 
the needs, aspirations and possibilities of 
mankind. Here also is the home of the 
library, the university, and the art gal- 
lery; disclosing the ripest fruit of human 
thought in art, science, invention and 
literature. Within this same arena are 
those who, on the altar of personal greed 
and ambition, pour out to destruction 
the gifts of wealth, influence and power 
which God intended to be a blessing. 
Here men eye each other cautiously, — 
not because they do not ' know each 
other, — but because they do. Here 
banks are failing, not because of mone- 
tary conditions, but because men have 
forgotten the commandment which says, 
"Thou shalt not steal." Here life in- 
surance companies are all but wrecked, 
not because they are not manned by 
capable men, but because these men — 
not satisfied with the enormous salaries 
they have voted themselves — have be- 
trayed the trust committed unto them by 
the people. Here ate those who for 
money, debauch manhood, despoil wom- 
anhood and pluck laughter from the lips 
of childhood through the avarice, greed 
and lust that is the very heart and soul 
of the liquor traffic. Here is the oppres- 
sor, coining calamity into cash, to whom 

children are cheaper than dollars — he is 
so anxious to get on. Here are those 
who live in pain of hunger to-day and 
fear of hunger for to-morrow. Here 
on the grate over a boiler-room is a 
tangle of arms and legs like a pile of 
angleworms — newsboys huddled togeth- 
er to keep warm, left outside the pale of 
human affection and sympathy, the won- 
der is, not that they should go wrong, 
but that they should go right. Here 
girls are at work in an overall factory, 
earning forty-five cents a day, making 
shrouds rather than overalls, and over 
against them are those who neglect 
every serious consideration of life and 
give themselves over entirely to frivol- 
ity. Here also throng the great com- 
pany of those over whom hovers a sort 
of strange fatality, hoping, praying, 
fainting, cursing. Here are those who 
meet in the open air and stuffy rooms to 
discuss their propaganda, and who dis- 
tribute tracts and spread abroad litera- 
ture in which they are told that they are 
a unit against the existing order of 
things. They do not apply for charity. 
They stand for equal wages for the same 
work for men and women. They believe 
"war is hell," and they are telling us 
that they will make it impossible if the 
Hague Congress continues to fail, be- 
cause the laboring men — those who car- 
ry the guns will refuse, the world over 
to go out and shoot each other down to 
settle the quarrels of monarchs, that 
ought to be settled by arbitration. They 
believe that they are not getting a 
square deal. They think that their 
organization is a pretty good sort of a 
church. Yonder in the midst of this 
surging mass stands the church, spoken 
of as a land-mark, attended by a hundred 
people who come because of sentiment 
and tradition, but who on their first op- 
portunity will let go. Here is no com- 
mon action, no natural bond, no com- 
munity life, no fellowship. The people 
live apart on week days and go apart 
on Sundays, until at last this strange 
mixture of fire and force comes together 
in a great conflagration and men say, 
there is a boom, a strike, a panic. 

What have we to say? Just this: 
First, It is very difficult to get an ac- 
curate estimate of our own times, be- 
cause we live in them and are a part of 
them. We are pushed in its streets, buy 
in its markets, figure its accounts, it is 
so near us we see it only in fragments. 
Who knows Cleveland? Not the resi- 
dent, but the visitor. The man in the of- 
fice knows only the path that leads to 
his home. He does not know the build- 
ing is high until someone from Missouri 
shows him. We do not know our age, 
we are in it. Therefore, I shall be in no 
great haste to change an age-long mes- 




sage for the make-shift of the passing 
hour. We can afford to wait. Secondly, 
The Church stands for only so much of 
the present social system as is in harmony 
with the spirit and teaching of our Lord, 
and along with that, this also that the 
relations of life are not simply com- 
mercial and social, but fundamentally 
moral and religious. In the deepest per- 
plexities of our commercial, social, po- 
litical and spiritual unrest we discern 
the leaven of the Gospel of Christ. Of 
all great regenerating forces Christianity 
stands supreme. It wakes men up, it 
develops self-help, it creates a desire for 
better things. There are no labor 
troubles in Africa. There will be, once 
the missionary has had his day. I would 
rather live in a land with a revolution 
for every morning's diversion than in 
one that was dead. Stagnant water 
breeds maleria. Niagara's crystal gulf 
sparkles with life and beauty. We may 
not be in accord concerning any given 
propaganda of social reconstruction, 
but not any man among us has lost his 
faith in our Lord. On some issues the 
returns are all in. We know the damn- 
ing reality of sin. We know that every 
yielding to temptation is a fall from the 
higher life and separation from God. 
We know that there is an experience of 
faith which is eternally true. We know 
that men have gotten inspiration and 
guidance through fellowship with Christ. 
We know also that our message to this 
age must be spoken, not in the dead 
phrases of an absolete vocabulary, but 
in the living mintage of a personal ex- 
perience of the grace of God in our own 
hearts. When men thus speak they get 
a hearing; when men live for these 
things they win the esteem of their fel- 
lows, and when they die for these things 

they get an everlasting grip on the 
world's affections. Commercially, at 
least, we lead the world. No nation can 
greatly injure us. All the armies of the 
world could not reach Cleveland in a 
hundred years. Our enemies are not 
without. They come not with fife and 
drum. Our enemies are within. We are 
in danger of going down in moral fibre. 
All there is in freedom, in religion, in 
the life of the Republic is here at stake. 
We must measure ourselves by heroic 
standards. The child must be emanc- 
ipated, politics and money-making must 
be separated, our homes must be kept 
sacred, and through the work of individ- 
ual evangelism and social reconstruction 
we must transform society into the 
Kingdom of God. This does not mean 
a brilliant dash — it means a campaign, a 
siege. If we cannot save Chicago, we 
cannot save Honolulu. If we cannot 
save Cleveland, there isn't much use in 
sending a missionary to Manilla. If we 
cannot redeem New York, we might bet- 
ter delay trying to clean up Cuba. If we 
do not save our own country we shall 
lose the power to save any country. At 
whatever cost, we must meet the strat- 
egic opportunities in our great centres of 

The only power by which we shall 
ever succeed in doing this is the power 
of the passion of the cross of Christ. 
Find that and our work will go forward 
on a scale worthy its true greatness and 
importance. Find that and men will 
provide willingly the necessary funds. 
Find that and workers will be raised up, 
taught of God, full of faith and power. 
Find that and we will yet write our most 
glowing chapters in the history of home 
missions and patriotism. 

Bohemian Congregationalism 

By Rev. John Prucha, Cleveland, Ohio 

have a very large following among 
the Bohemians. The whole mem- 
bership in our Bohemian Congre- 
gational Churches is about seven hun- 
dred and fifty souls. These are organ- 
ized into eleven churches, located in 
seven states, mostly in the Middle West. 
They are not more than the few loaves 
and fishes in our Master's hand among 
half a million of people. It will be easily 
seen that their influence, whatever it 
may be locally, is not very large on the 
whole body of the Bohemian people. 
For years they have been without any 
publication that would represent them 
before the public. In this the other 

larger denominations working among 
our people are ahead of us. 

The Bohemians are not Congregation- 
alists because they studied the New 
Testament and came to the same con- 
clusion about the Church polity as the 
Pilgrim fathers. The Home Missionary 
Society under the Master's command 
sought them, brought them to Him first, 
and then into our Congregational fellow- 
ship. But they are Congregationalists, 
and are proud of it. A stranger was 
once walking in a private road, where 
there was a notice, "No Pedestrians Al- 
lowed Here." He walked ahead, with- 
out paying any attention to the notice. 
A watchman met him. "Did you see 




that notice?" asked the watchman. 
"Yes, I did, it says 'No Pedestrians Al- 
lowed Here,' but I am a Congregation- 
alism" So are the Bohemians Congre- 
gationalists. Some of them have already 
their Congregational pedigree like Paul 
had his Roman citizenship, they were 
born Congregationalists, and have 
known no other denomination, just as 
they have known no other Sam except 
Uncle Sam. No longer pilgrims and so- 
journers, fellow citizens of the Congre- 
gational Commonwealth. 

This year we are celebrating the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of the founding 
of the Bohemian Mission in this city, 
and for that matter, in the United States. 
It seems that it has been in the Divine 
Providence to bring the National 
Council and the various Missionary So- 
cieties to join with us in this jubilee. If 
you had asked about the Bohemian Con- 
gregationalists twenty-five years ago, 
you could have written as famous chap- 
ter about them as the one on the snakes 
in Ireland. There were none. After 
the ground was broken other denomina- 
tions followed us in the work, and some 
of them now occupy a larger field than 
we do. 

After twenty-five years there ought to 
be some sign whether this Congrega- 
tional child is worth the effort and 
whether it wants to live. 

The Bohemian Congregationalists be- 
lieve in the future. President Roosevelt 
cannot complain that they are commit- 
ting a racial suicide. With the Canadian- 
Scotch or Irish they could not compete, 


but they manage to keep in safety be- 
yond the President's criticism. Here, 
for instance, is one of the largest Con- 
gregational Churches in the city, with 
membership running over a thousand, 
and during the last year according to the 
Year Book, they had only eight infant 
baptisms; there is one of our missions 
with a membership less than fifty, that 
reports the same number of baptisms. 
Now you can easily see that when this 
mission will reach the membership of 
one thousand, they will be able to 
colonize every two or three years a Con- 
gregational Church of a good size. 

Again, most of the Bohemian churches 
were started through missionary enter- 
prise. It takes time to bring up a child, 
and it takes time to bring up a church. 
But as _ soon as the child begins to do 
something for himself or for somebody 
else, our hope in his future increases. 
I believe that the Bohemian Congrega- 
tionalism demonstrates its vitality in this 
iespect also. 

One of the Bohemian churches in this 
city has built a parsonage this year. It 
is the weakest Congregational Church in 
the city. Its membership is between 
thirty and forty. They earn on average 
ten dollars a week. And yet they con- 
tributed towards the parsonage five hun- 
dred dollars. A small sum, but if you 
knew the church, as I do, you would 
see the greatness of this comparatively 
small sum. 

Open the Year Book and look at the 
benevolent contribution of our churches. 
Here in Cleveland you will find a Bo- 
hemian church, in whose membership, as 
far as I know, there is not one who 
earns over three dollars a day, not even 
the pastor, and yet that church stands 
third among our churches in the largest 
contribution per member for benevolent 
purposes. Another Bohemian church 
stands fifth, another seventh. A Bo- 
hemian church in the Northwest, con- 
sisting of farmers, contributed last year 
for benevolences five dollars per mem- 
ber. This sum was exceeded only by 
five or six churches in Chicago, by one 
in Cleveland, and only by four or five in 
the state of Ohio. 

And not only were they ready to give 
out of- their poverty gold and silver, they 
gave liberally their young people. Our 
Bethlehem Church has given one young 
person to the work of the Master for 
every year of its existence, and I think 
there are a few left over. The fruits of 
our mission are not held by our field 
alone, but we have representatives in 
the Foreign Mission field in the home 
mission field among the English-speak- 
ing churches; a young man preached 
during the summer in an English-speak- 
ing church in the East, and another one 




left this country and joined the Reform- 
ed Church in Bohemia, preaching near 
the place where his father was born. He 
himself was born in this country. You 
see, we are returning dividends on the 

Again, the Bohemians are beginning 
to realize the importance of their task 

in reference to other Slavs in this coun- 
try. From them came the fire of Refor- 
mation among their Slavic brethren in 
the past, and if the Lord should send a 
spiritual revival .among the different 
Slavic races, I believe the Bohemians 
will have in it no small part. 

Home Missions Among The Slovaks 

By Rev. Andrew Gavlik, Duquesne, Penn. 

I CONSIDER it to be a great bless- 
ing from God to me, to be here, and 
to say a few words in this meeting 
about Home Missions among the 
Slovaks. But before I approach my sub- 
ject, permit me to express to you, in the 
name of all your Spiritual children 
among us Slovaks, our hearty thanks for 
your kind interest in us, in sending us 
the Gospel of Jesus Christ. We own, 
and own gladly, that we are the fruit of 
the work of the Congregational Home 
Missionary Society, and it is our sincere 
desire to so walk among our country- 
men that our conduct may be a credit to 
the work of this great Society among 
the Slovaks. We will now take up our 
subject which is "Home Missions among 
the Slovaks." 

i. The Need 

The first thought that claims our at- 
tention, in considering this subject, is 
the Need of Home Mission work among 
the Slovaks. If there were no need of 
such a work among us Slovaks, it would 
be wasting of money and energy to do 
it. But if it can be shown that such a 
work is needed among us, then there can 
be no excuse, on the part of the Amer- 
ican Christians, for not doing it, provid- 
ed they can do so. 

There was a time in our Slovak his- 
tory in this country, when the need of 
Home Mission work was neither seen 
nor felt among us. Religiously, we 
thought of ourselves as being as good, 
if not better, than the American Chris- 
tians themselves. Indeed, even now we 
often hear, among the most ignorant of 
our people, that excepting the Irish peo- 
ple, you are all heathens! 

It was you, my friends, who first saw 
our need of the Gospel, and consequent- 

ly began the missionary work among us. 
By doing that, you have made us to see, 
as you then saw, what is our need. Yes, 
you did more than that. You have made 
some of us to consecrate our very lives 
to the same need. And now that we 
wish to press the same need on your 
hearts, you cannot reasonably blame us 
for doing so, for it was you who have 
started all this trouble for yourselves. 
Before the time you began Home 
Mission work among us, we did not 
bother you with our applications for 
missionary aid. What a strange answer 
of your prayers! is it not? To my mind, 
the time is coming when the application 
for aid, from the Slovak people, will 
cease to come to the office of the Con- 
gregational Home Missionary Society. 
This will be for One of the two follow- 
ing reasons: either the interest for mis- 
sionary work, among the Slovaks, will 
die in the American Christians, and the 
work will come to an end, or the Slovak 
Congregational Churches will become 
self-supporting, and will continue the 
blessed work among their country-men, 
never forgetting their Spiritual mother, 
the Congregational Home Missionary 
Society. Which will it be? 

The best and most urgent reason for 
home mission work among the Slovaks, 
is the salvation of the Slovak people. 
Our Slovak people are all Christians, 
but that does not mean that they are 
also saved. Their Christianity is with- 
out the saving knowledge. To tell them 
that a man can be sure of the forgive- 
ness of his sins, is usually considered a 
blasphemy or pharisaism. And mind 
you, this opinion is not only of the 
ignorant. Protestant preachers were 
heard to reprove some of our converts, 




for testifying that their sins are for- 
given, and that they know they are 
saved. One of our Greek Catholic con- 
verts, after arguing with his priest for 
a long time, was told by the same priest: 
"Mike," for such is his name, "to be 
honest and true with you, I will have to 
tell you that neither you nor I can be 
sure in this life, that we are saved." To 
which Mike answered: "Then Father, I 
do not see any need of going to your 
church any more." And he kept his 
word, for soon after that he became a 
member of our church, and is a faithful 
Christian to-day, and a blessing to our 
work. Friends, this is only one of many 
incidents, that I could mention here, had 
I time to do so, Which shows the need 
of the saving knowledge among the 
Slovak people. And this is the very 
thing that your missionaries, among the 
Slovaks, are preaching to them. 
2. Things That Your Missionaries Aim 
At in Their Work 

1. Real conversion of the Slovaks. 
Nothing short of this, is worthy of the 
name "Missionary." The Slovak people 
have religion enough. What they really 
need, is the Living Christ. It was well 
said by an English friend of our work, 
that while it seems slow, the work 
among the Slovaks is thorough. And he 
was right. We do not surprise you with 
too many converts, but we are happy to 
say, that we do not have many falling 

2. Consistent life in the converts. We 
insist that to be a Christian, is to follow 
Christ. And our people faithfully re- 
spond. The Slovak people, in general, 
will tell you that members of our church 
live better lives than those belonging to 
other churches among the Slovak peo- 
ple. Our people faithfully attend the 
church, testify to the power of the Gos- 
pel, and from their small earnings, 
cheerfully give for the support of the 
Gospel. Our young people, especially, 
are the right hand to the missionary. 
Sunday afternoons, they go with me to 
preach the Gospel on the streets, and in 
the winter time, we preach the same 
Gospel in McKeesport Hospital, every 
■other Sunday, to those of our people 


who lie there, either sick or hurt. As 
far as I know, not one of our young peo- 
ple could be charged of leaving our 
church services for the sake of amuse- 
ment, throughout the last summer. God 
bless the young people! 

3. Financial support of the Gospel. 
Some of our best friends think that this 
part of our work is not sufficiently em- 
phasized by us workers. But they did 
not as yet comprehend our position in 
this respect. Grafting is the aim of 
many priests among our Slovak people. 
Now to avoid suspicion that our main 
purpose in our work, is money, too, we 
must be very careful in soliciting for 
money. And, too, our Slovak people are 
a great people to move from one place 
to another for work. Our church in 
Duquesne would be now one-half larger, 
were it not for the fact, that many of the 
members moved away since I came to 
Duquesne. And things are not better in 
other fields. And the time did not come 
yet, when we could expect Slovak Con- 
gregationalists coming to us from other 
places, although here and there this hap- 
pens already. 

But let us see what our people actual- 
ly give. Our church in Duquesne con- 
sists of about fifty resident members. 




Our people pay $275 towards the pas- 
tor's salary, and all the home expenses. 
If our benevolent gifts will amount to as 
much, as they did in previous years, and 
I think they will, that will be more than 
one-third of the pastor's salary at $900 
a year and the home expenses. Now ac- 
cording to this, a church having 150 
members would be a self-supporting 
church, paying its pastor $900 a year 
and all home expenses. Is this very bad 
and discouraging? There are only two 
members in our church that did not 
pledge themselves for something to pay 
towards the church support this year, 
and these two intended to leave Du- 
quesne, at the time when pledges were 
solicited for the support of the church. 
The above are the facts, which speak 
either in favor or against financial part 
of the missionary work among the 
Slovaks. And I do not think that our 
brethren, in other places, do less, than 
we do in Duquesne, that is, in proportion 
as they are in number. 

3. Success of Home Mission Work 

Among the Slovaks 
Is Home Mission work among the 
Slovaks a success? Yes, it is a success. 
As long as drunkards, wife-beaters and 
other sinners are being saved through it, 
I for one will call it a success. It would 
make your hearts dance for joy to listen 
to some of the experiences of some of 
our people in our prayer meetings. But 
seme of you would like to hear some- 
thing about how many church organ- 
izations have we, as the proof of success, 
in our work. 

We have now six Slovak Congrega- 
tional Churches in the United States. I do 
not exactly know just how many mem- 
bers there are in all these churches, but 
I know that all of them are doing good 
for their country-men, and sharing with 
the Congregational Home Missionary 
Society more or less, in the support of 
the Gospel among the Slovaks. 

4. Influence of Home Mission Work 

Among the Slovaks 

As far as the influence of our work is 

concerned, it must not be limited on 

those that are in any way connected 

with us. There are many people in 

other churches, among our people, who 
are greatly benefited by our work, and 
see the truth of the Gospel in much bet- 
ter light, than they could ever dream of 
seeing, were it not for our work. There 
are not a few among our people, who 
would join with us at the next Commun- 
ion, were it not for the fear from their 
fellow-men, that they would be per- 
secuted. There are at least two villages 
even in the Old Country, that is Hun- 
gary, where religious meetings are held 
by those who were converted through 
the work of the Home Missionary So- 
ciety, among the Slovaks in this country. 
5. Prospect of Home Mission Work 
Among the Slovaks 

Once a Sunday school teacher asked 
his class of boys, what are boys good 
for. A little fellow sprang to his feet, 
and said: "Boys are good material to 
make men of." Who can doubt the wis- 
dom of this answer? I think I can say 
something like that of our Slovak peo- 
ple. They are good material to make good 
Christians of. When a man's conduct is 
bad, he is either wicked, or ignorant. If 
he is not ignorant but wicked there is 
less hope for him to ever be a good man, 
but if he is ignorant, chances are, that 
by being enlightened, he will be a very 
good man. I firmly believe that many 
of the bad habits of our Slovak people, 
are the result not of wickedness, but of 
ignorance only. And the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ is the best remedy for that. 

The hardest kind of people to reach 
with the Gospel are the enlightened, 
Gospel-hardened people. But many of 
our Slovaks hardly know what the Gos- 
pel of Jesus Christ really means. But 
they are already awakened, and are 
pressing and reaching for light, as never 
before, and if they will be met with the 
light of the Gospel, it is more than likely 
that many of them will receive it gladly 
But if that will not be done for them, 
other lights will be offered to them, 
such as unruly Socialism and infidelity. 
Now is the time, my friends, to press the 
work among the Slovaks, as it may be 
much harder to do it in the years to 
come. So far the Slovak people love 
their religion, and in their way, are zeal- 




cms in it. And this is the best sign, to 
my mind, that the best time for reaching 
the Slovaks for Christ, is not a thing of 
the past. 

Friends, it is \ r ery hard for you to 
understand our work, as you understand, 
mission work among the English-speak- 
ing people. And to you it may seem 
very unsuccessful, unpromising, just be- 
cause it is rather slow. But that is not 
the case. Many of the men converted 
by the work of the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society, are now 
working for other denominations, among 
the Slovaks, some of them just because 
they were thought to be unsuccessful 
under the Congregational Home Mis- 

sionary Society, others because there 
was no money to keep them in our work. 
You have the honor of begining the 
work among the Slovaks, and it was 
only after other denominations saw you 
to succeed so well, that they began their 
work among the Slovaks. And so far it 
cannot be shown that they succeeded 
better than you do. There is no reason 
why our 1 Congregational work among 
the Slovaks should not have your in- 
terest in the future. For the need of the 
Slovak people, and for the love of 
Christ, we commend it to your prayers 
and interest for the future, thanking you 
for what you have already done for our 
people in the past. 

The Call of the Cross in Home Missions 

By Wm. H. Day, D. D. f California 

IN five passages in the Synoptics 
Jesus states discipleship in the terms 
of the cross. The first time it is in 
the tenth of Matthew. He was 
speaking to a group of men "forbidden 
the ways of the Gentiles," but sent to 
the "lost sheep of the House of Israel." 
It was the first home missionary band in 
the history of the Church. What was 
the idea behind his phrase, taking the 
cross? No denial of self could be too 
severe when the Kingdom was at stake. 
John lived the restricted life, limiting his 
food to locust and wild honey, and his 
clothing to a single camel's hair gar- 
ment. His was the thought of the as- 
cetic. Our Lord came with the con- 
ception of the abundant life, eating and 
drinking, given in unrestricted service of 
men, but in response to a real need. It 
was the ideal of the strong man who 
trains down that he may be able to carry 
more and further. 

1. The call of the cross to the Home 

We consider this afternoon this 
principle of discipleship in its relation to 
home missions, and therefore it is the 
call of the cross to the home missionary 
of which we will first speak. To this 
home missionary group our Lord said, 
"He that doth not take his cross and 
follow after me is not worthy of me." 
Jesus' ideal of self-denial is essential to 
the efficiency of the home missionary. 
In the home missionary community the 
odds are very great against the pastor 
of the struggling church. The absence 
of the strong man from its fellowship is 
particularly striking. Here, as else- 

where, the momentum of material suc- 
cess carries men far out of the course 
which leads to the spiritual. The high- 
power car with selfishness at the wheel, 
running down the long grade into the 
valley of ease, is hard to turn. But there 
is one note, and only one, which is 
strong enough to reach the ear filled 
with the "honk-honk" of successful 
egoism: that is the call to a sacrifice 
which is heroic. It is the only sufficient 

On one occasion, when large multi- 
tudes were following, Jesus seemed to 
have been particularly conscious that 
popular interest was but superficial, and 
He uttered the remarkable teaching in 
the fourteenth of Luke about counting 
the cost. He feared lest the average 
man interpret the burden of discipleship 
too lightly, and forget that it meant 
self-sacrifice. No less did He realize 
that there is a universal quality in the 
heart of the most engrossed man which 
can be touched by the appeal to the 
cross. The weakness of our religious 
work in such a community, as in all 
others, has been the presentation of non- 
essential or unimportant forms of Chris- 
tian self-denial as cross-bearing. When a 
man's preaching gives supreme emphas- 
is to the petty casuistry of amusements 
instead of the great facts in moral life, 
it is hardly to be expected that he can 
reach a strong man. While there is a 
sentimental appeal to the sacrificial that 
debilitates, there is another sort which 
appeals to those great forms of self- 
denial for which, if need, one "re- 
nounceth all that he hath." 




WM. II. DAY, D. D. 

As one looks from the upper stories 
of a great city building, he realizes that 
each of the neighbors towering into the 
sky is the expression of one or more 
efficient lives. Our cities are centers of 
devotion to efficiency. When men real- 
ize that the sacrificial life, as Jesus 
presented it, "tests high" in effective- 
ness, the appeal of the cross will have 
new force. 

That the most splendid efficiency de- 
pends upon the acceptance of the call 
of the cross, is repeatedly demonstrated 
in our home missionary work. I knew a 
young Yale fellow who came to south- 
ern California a couple of years ago. 
Among other open doors was an op- 
portunity to take charge of a little 
church in one of our remote villages. 
He and his bride decided that for them 
that was the call of the cross. They ac- 
cepted the isolation and unaccustomed 
deprivations gladly. In a year and a 
half they had drawn the community to- 
gether; had interested the unusual, as 
well as the average people; completed a 
church costing thirty-five hundred dol- 
lars; had put their musical ability at the 
service of the young people, who were 
rendering, acceptably, some of the best 
music. Just now a number of them are 
going away to college to whom it would 
never have occurred, had it not been for 
the inspiration of their pastor and his wife. 
Last spring he had a call to a delightful 
family church, when we asked him to 

consider an entirely new field, and 
pioneer in the city. One or two others 
had looked the ground over and had 
decided, in spite of the great promise 
apparent, that there were too many pos- 
sibilities of failure. Again, he and his 
wife decided in the cross-bearing spirit,, 
and accepted the place. 

Just before I came away I met with 
a committee which determined to let 
the first contract for a parish building 
to cost $21,000 as a part of a most beau- 
tiful Gothic church which would require 
$100,000. In these few months a church 
of seventy-five members, growing Sun- 
day school, and endeavor societies, has 
been built up, and seventy thousand of 
subscriptions have been secured of the 
one hundred thousand needed. Work 
has been accomplished, and the men of 
that community have been persuaded to 
make great sacrifices; but sheer ability, 
though this young missionary has it, 
would never have been effective . had it 
not been permeated by the underlying 
quality of sacrifice. Home missionary 
effectiveness cannot be secured unless a 
man is willing to pay the price in the 
self-denial life. 

How shall we enlist such men to 
serve as pastors of these dependent 
fields? The appalling condition with 
which the Church is confronted, as our 
theological professors assure us, in the 
marked decline in the numbers and the 
quality of students in our seminaries, 
compels us to face this side of the ques- 
tion. It must be the sturdier appeal' 
which our Lord exemplified that should 
be presented to the student body, of 
various colleges. We cannot ask them 
to go to the seminary from motives of 
even the most disguised self-interest, on 
the one hand, nor the etherial other 
worldiness of the religious sentimental- 
ist. It must be to a sane union of the 
two. No man has a right to be satisfied 
to remain perpetually as the leader of a 
company when he could be the leader of 
a regiment. The dual motive with the 
weight of the balance dipping toward 
the side of self-surrender is absolutely 
imperative. It is like the grip of our 
San Francisco cable cars. It must be 
two-jawed, one from the side of proper 
self-development, dominated, however, 
by the motive of self-denial. These two, 
pressing against each other in equilb- 
rium, the lower never above the higher, 
make a grip strong enough to carry the 
top of the hill of difficulty. 

We need a plan making possible a 
practicable and immediate response to 
the call of the cross. The Church must 
discover how our dependent work is to 
be successfully done, and how to develop 
ministerial capacity fitted for the more 
conspicuous work. There is a similar 




dilemma before the medical profession: 
How shall men be provided for the non- 
lucrative professional service in the 
great city? And how shall men be de- 
veloped to the highest professional skill? 
The medical graduate is asked to volun- 
teer for such service, with low pay and 
hard work. So many are ready, that the 
places can be secured only by undergo- 
ing the most rigid test of personal fit- 
ness. This system has secured great 
numbers who gladly render the non- 
lucrative service both because it satisfies 
the personal conscience, as well as 
equips for the highest subsequent suc- 
cess. Many are looking for a way of 
adapting these methods to religious 
needs. Could we not secure our best 
students for dependent work, calling 
them perhaps to a three-year enlistment 
during which they should be expected to 
endure hardness and to work under 
orders? Still further, to exalt the home 
missionary calling, and secure efficiency, 
devise a system of competitive tests 
which should determine whether a man 
was equal in ability to the highest 
standards of service. If this could be 
intelligently done, we should have home 
missionaries, and to spare. The depend- 
ent fields themselves would, in many 
cases, be led to self-support because such 
combination of ability and consecration 
would accomplish what ability or con- 
secration could not do. And, still furth- 
er, instead of fear that evangelism in 
our churches was a spent force, they 
who in such practical ways had learned 
the joy and the power of the cross- 
bearing life, would have new success in 
proclaiming it. The results to the men, 
it seems to me, would be no less mark- 
ed. After their term of service had ex- 
pired, it would be to such trained men 
that our strongest churches would look 
for satisfactory leadership. In the state 
of Washington we have a splendid ex- 
ample of the results of a similar method. 

II. The call of the cross to the 

This brings us to the more general 
call of the cross. A crossless church 
can never enlist a cross-bearing and a 
cross-proclaiming minister. In the six- 
teenth of Matthew, and the parallel ac- 
counts, we hear our Lord teaching His 
disciples and those that were listening. 
"If any man would come after me, let 
him deny himself and take up his cross 
and follow me." It was the call of the 
cross to the infant Church. 

One of the most hopeful signs of life 
among Congregationalists is the realiza- 
tion that our Church is accomplishing 
but part of the results which the Master 
has a right to expect at our hands. The 
unobservant met the steamer "Lusi- 
tania" with great applause because she 

had established a new record from 
Queenstown to New York, and had 
maintained an average of 23 knots an 
hour. To many others, her performance 
was a disappointment because she had 
been built to average at least 26 knots 
an hour; the Masterbuilder must have 
been sad at heart amid the shower of in- 
ternational congratulation. In the same 
way, happy as we are because so much is 
done, we realize that the Master must 
be grieved because we were capable of 
so much more. The federalizing tend- 
ency among us, and the proposals for 
tri-church union, indicate that we feel 
the modern ambition for efficiency. We 
realize that if Hamilton, the federalist, 
had been defeated the development of 
local self-government in the United 
States might have gone on, but we 
should not have been fitted, as a nation, 
to fulfill our world duties, nor would we 
have been equal to the task of acquiring 
a proper public control over the great 
inter-state corporations. We Congrega- 
tionalists are federalizing by slow de- 
grees because many have an idea that 
our Church should do more than develop 
local self-government; it should render 
a national and world service which re- 
quires some degree of denominational 
solidarity, — this will require the self- 
denying spirit. The great social prob- 
lem shows in every relation of modern 
life. The discordant elements feeling 
the upthrust of the underflowing social 
conscience must be unified and harmon- 
ized. The Church is the only institution 
which can bring that to pass. If she 
fail, it will be because she has failedto 
hear the call of the cross. The wide 
conviction among men that the church 
is a monopolistic institution, controlling 
the output of the cold shoulder and the 
marble heart, and that the North Pole, 
if ever discovered, will be found in her 
bosom, indicates that men believe when 
measured by the spirit of Jesus she is 
found wanting. We may quite justly 
object to the journalistic thermometer 
prepared by the enterprising woman re- 
porter as an insufficient test of the 
vitality of church life, but we may well 
learn from a one-sided criticism and 
seek without cant to make the life of 
the church fragrant with the perfume of 
true neighborliness. We can attempt to 
make the very atmosphere of the san- 
ctuary of such kindly warmth and sin- 
cere fraternity as shall make it impos- 
sible for the solitary soul to go away 
uncheered. We can do it only by taking 
up the cross. 

If the law of the self-denying life shall 
be fundamental in our churches, we shall 
again see devoted parents consecrating 
the babe in the cradle to the ministry or 
to missionary service. We shall see the 




fountains of benevolence open afresh, 
and, in proportion to our prosperity, 
pouring out their streams in the support 
of whatever blesses and uplifts mankind. 
But at the heart it is a personal problem. 
It is for us who have, in any sense, been 
called to positions of leadership, to walk 
with our Lord and hear His call so often 
reiterated to the first disciples, to take 
up the self-denying life. 
Search me, O God, and know my heart. 
Try me and know my thoughts; 
And see if there be any wicked way in me. 

The heroisms of the acts of the apos- 
tles are by no means ended. The other day 
a home missionary pastor came to me. 
When he went away I felt as though I 
had had a moral tonic. In the most un- 
conscious manner he discussed with me 
the situation in his parish. I was fa- 
miliar with some of the hardships which 
he was enduring like a good soldier. 
Hot weather that is so severe that I 
should hardly dare to report to you the 
readings of the thermometer. One day 
his wife said to him, "Have we got any 
chickens around the house?" 

He said, "Of course we haven't." 

"But," she objected, with feminine 
persistence, "I certainly hear them under 
the kitchen." 

Investigation proved that a package of 
eggs put under there to keep fresh had 
hatched out and they unintentionally 
went into the poultry business. The de- 
lights of tinned-food would pall upon 
the majority of us. Even their milk 
came from a tin cow, till our Bible 
School sent them a real Jersey. Their 
town was in the region threatened by 
the great overflow in the Colorado 
River. The stream came eating its way 

towards their ranches and homes, and 
all of man's ingenuity was pitted against 
nature's power. One Sunday just at 
service time there was an alarm; instead 
of preaching thirty minutes, the minister 
preached a sermon with a spade twelve 
hours long, while his wife and the little 
Ladies' Aid Society carried coffee and 
refreshments. The months wore on. The 
railroad and Government had failed in 
diverting the flow back to the old chan- 
nel. In the neighboring communities 
the ministers had all given up because 
there was no opportunity for religious 
work. But this man stood by his neigh- 
bors. One day his wife sat in the saddle 
holding another horse for her husband 
for thirty-six hours with no interval save 
for food, while the men fought the flood, 
hanging like grim death trying to pile an 
added inch on the dyke as the water 
rose. Pluck conquered, and the town 
was saved. He was telling me these 
things while considering a call for 
another parish, and I couldn't do else in 
the light of the long strain which he and 
his wife had endured, than to advise him 
to accept the new opening. But word 
came the next day that he had decided 
that he could not leave his neighbors, 
he had been fighting, not for a ranch or 
a store or any material success, he was 
answering the call of the cross in behalf 
of his friends. "Greater love hath no 
man than this, that a man lay down his 
life for his friends." 

God has thrust into our hands vast 
home missionary opportunities. We can 
only meet this task by heeding the 
Lord's call to us, "If any man would 
come after me, let him deny himself and 
take up his cross and follow me." 

Editorial Note : The Eighty-first Annual Meeting of the Society in Cleve- 
land, zvill be remembered as one of the most uplifting gatherings of its kind. 
Being the first held under a new Constitution and management, its progress .was 
zvatched with keenest interest, and not a doubt zvas felt at its close that the re- 
organized Society has renewed its strength for a great and decisive work. Every 
address was keyed to the note of Hope. Every speaker, while dealing in a 
practical way zvith the present needs and conditions, had his face turned toward 
the future. Not a Jeremiad zvas piped. "Christ's ozvn zvork, in Christ's ozvn 
way, with Christ's ozvn help," might be called the theme of the whole meeting 
from beginning to end. Any reader who zvill carefully peruse the accompany- 
ing report will be impressed zvith the truth of the statement. And more than all 
else, the devotional element, seeking expression in two special sessions of pray- 
er, and never out of evidence for a moment in all the proceedings, zvas the sure 
sign of a deepening spiritual motive, that is the indispensable life of every, mis- 
sionary znctory. 

Appointments and Receipts 


September, 1907 

Baer, Allen U., South Shore, So. Dak. 

Barbee, Owen A., Atlanta, Ga. 

Barbour, Thomas W., Cass Lake, Minn. 

Bayley, Dwight S., Missoula, Mont. 

Bliss, Francis C, Minot, No. Dak. 

Bogenholm, Win., Wood Lake, Wis. 

Bond, Andrew W., Ontario, Ore. 

Brokaw, Martha A., Fondis, Colo. 

Brown, Amasa A., Gregory, So. Dak. 

Buckley, Alfred, Ferndale, Wash. 

Buerge, J. G., Richardton and Knife River, No. 

Burhaus, Paul C, Burleigh Co., No. Dak. 
Burr, Huber, Vale, Ore. 
Calhoun, J. C, Farwell, Tex. 
Carden, Win. J., Cleveland, Ala. 
Carnley. George, Stella, New Light, Svea and 

Laurel Hill, Fla. 
Cartwrigbt, B. B., Plaza, No. Dak. 
Chapin, Miss S. A., Mission Hill, So. Dak. 
Clark, O. C, St. Paul, Minn, and Missoula, Mont. 
Clarke, Harvey F., Ft. Payne, Ala. 
Coffin, Jc c ., Calcasien Parish, La. 
Dalzell, Geo., Lusk and Manville, Wyo. 
De Harpport, W. E., Seward, Victory and Vit- 

tum, Okla. 
Dickensheeti, John L., Iroquis and Osceola, So. 

Dillon, M. B., Englewood, Colo. 
Dowding, Henry W., Portsmouth, Va. 
Eaves. George, .State Correspondent, Tex. 
Eggleston, Frank O., Hydro, Okla. ■ 
Ensminger, Fred P., West Tampa, Fla. 
Erickson, Andrew, Forman and Havana, No. Dak. 
Essig, Gottlieb, Beaver Creek and New Era, Ore. 
Evans, Jo^n L., Frostburg, Md. 
Eves, Gertrude L., Denver, Colo. 
Fasteen, Karl G., Waverly, Neb. 
Garrison, Spencer C, McMurray, Montborne and 

Clear Lake, Wash. 
Gasque, G. W., Lake Charles, La. 
Gimblett, Wm. H., Kragness, Minn. 
Glenney, R. P., Mermenton, Tennings and Oil 

Field, La. 
Graham, Wm. H., Ft. Valley and Powersville, Ga. 
Griffith, Thomas L., Cambria, Minn. 
Grob, Gottfried, Springfield, Mo. 
Groves, Samuel B., Thorsby, Ala. 
Hall, Geo. A., Pingree. No. Dak. 
Haunmer, Henry A. Wellston, Okla. 
Hart, Frank W., Wall, Quinn and Cottonwood, 

So. Dak. 
Hathaway, W. B., Calcasien Parish, La. 
Heald, Josiah H., General Missionary, New Mex. 
Herbert, Jos., Touchet, Wash. 
Hild, Albert, Alexander, Kan. 
Holcombe, G. T., Texline, Tex. 
Hoy, Miss Jennie, Lebanon and Logan, So. Dak. 
Huleen, John J., Everitt, Wash. 
Ibanez, Jose M., El Paso, Tex. 
Iorns, Benj., Henry, So. Dak. 
Johanssen, E. A., Horswell, Prairie Valley and 

New England, No. Dak. 
Jones, John L., lone, Ore. 
Kellogg, Royal J., Twin Buttes, No. Dak. 
Kozielek, Paul, Detroit, Mich. 
Kuyper, J. W. Anamose, No. Dak. 
Lamonds, Alex., Spier, N. C. 
Lavisey, Wm. F., Wilsonville, Ga. 
Leeds, Paul, General Missionary in La. 
Lindquist, August J., DuBois, Penn. 
Loos, George, South Milwaukee, Wis. 
Ludlow, Thomas V., Meridian and Mt. Hope, 


McCoy, C. C, Lake Charles, La. 

McKay, R. A., Center, Ga. and Stroud, Ala. 

Madsen, Axel, Tamestown, N. Y. 

Mason, Wm., Bryant, So. Dak. 

Miller, K. F. O , Medina and Cleveland, No. Dak. 

Mitchell, David D., Brush Creek, Halliday and 
Pleasant Valley, No. Dak. 

Monosmith, Albert W., Plymouth and Corvallis, 

Morris, Maurice B., Washburn, No. Dak. 

Mowry, John R., Garrison, No. Dak. 

Munson, Mark C., Flournoy Valley, Ore. 

Nelson, Gustave W., St. Johns, Ore. 

Newton, H. E., Rome, Ga. 

Nicker-on, Roscoe S., Sandy, Utah. 

Owen, G. D., Creston, Underwood, Vesta, Pen- 
nington and Washta, So. Dak. 

Palm, Wm. J., Minnehaha and Lynnhurst, Minn. 

Parks, Avery G., Burtrum, Swanville and Grey 
Eagle, Minn. 

Parks, Pascel, Shevlin, Minn. 

Pflueger, Rudolph, Endicott, Wash. 

Panayotova. Donna. Ellis Island, N. Y. 

Pritchard, Wm., Spokane, Wash. 

Purdue, Roland W., Amarillo, Tex. 

Reese, D. D., Big Horn, Wyo. 

Richardson, David A., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Richardson, Wm. L., Monroe, Wash. 

Robinson, L. W., Belle Fourche, So. Dak. 

Ruder, Peter, Fruita, Colo. 

Schmidt, George J., Alliance, Neb. 

Shull, Gilbert L., Columbus, Mont. 

Sikes, E .B., Hettinger, Gillstrap, State Line, 
No. Dak. 

Smith, Charles W., Omega, Ala. 

Smith, Edward L., Meckling, So. Dak. 

Smith, Green N., Baxley and Surrency, Ga. 

Smith, Stewart H., Garretson, So. Dak. 

Snider, W. E., Max, No. Dak. 

Snow, Walter A., Ellis, No. Dak. 

Spangenberg, Louis F., Dawson, No. Dak. 

Spillers, Ashbel P., Dawson, Ga. 

Starr, Charles L., Ree Heights, So. Dak. 

Stone, Oliver B., South West, La. 

Swartout, Edgar P., Turton, So. Dak. 

Switzer, Miss Annie E., Dayton, Wyo. 

Thomas, J. J., Section, Ala. 

Todd, John W., Centerville, So. Dak. 

Tompkins, S. K., Turtle River, Minn. 

Tornblom, August F., Pittsburgh, Penn. 

Totten, George A., Lawton and Tolna, No. Dak. 

Triplett, T. H., General Missionary, East Tex. 

Utterwick, Henry, Rutherford, N. J. 

Van Luven, Sanford A., Portland, Ind. 

Wagner, Conrad T., Selby, So. Dak. 

Waldo, Edwin A., West Palm Beach, Fla. 

Ward, C. J., Section, Ala. 

Waters, Silas A., Jennings, Okla. 

Watson, James, Highmore, So. Dak. 

Watt, J. C, Maxbass, No. Dak. 

Whalley, John, Myron and Cresbard, So. Dak. 

Whitmore, O. B., Natchez Valley, Wash. 

Wildman, Charles E., South La. 

Williams, Mark W., Caledonia, Cummings and 
Buxton, No. Dak. 

Williams, Robert H., Perkins and Olivet, Okla. 

Winey, T. S., General Missionary, Wyo. 

Winslow, Jacob, Cocoanut Grove, Fla. 

Wyland, B. F., Hermosa, Heyward ana Key- 
stone, So. Dak. 

Young, Arthur G., Fingal and Lucca, No. Dak. 

Young, Mrs. A. G., Barrie, No. Dak. 

Youngclaus, Walter J., Maybell, Colo. 

Youtz, Edward S., Brentwood, So. Dak. 





September, 1907 

MAINE— $31.00. 

Machaisport, 1 ; South Berwick, Mrs. Helen D. 
Sewall, 30. 


Hinsdale, 4.28; Lee, 11; Meriden, 2.75; Shirley 
Hill, Isabella G. Mack, 5. 

VERMONT— $174.86. 

Vermont Domestic Miss. Society, J. T. Ritchie, 
Treas., 57-88 ; Burlington, Mrs. Mary R. Englesly, 
50; Hinesburgh, 13.75; Dorset, S. S., 10.73; New- 
bury, Miss H. E. Keves, 10; North Bennington, 

C. E., 10; St. Johnsbury, Mrs. O. W. Howard, 
10; Weybridge, 12.50. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $2,836.62; of which legacy, 

Mass. Home Miss. Soc, Rev. J. Coit, Treas., 
447.08; Special for Alaska, 25. Total, $472.08 
_ Amherst, A. B. Culver, 15; Andover, Miss Har- 
riet A. Barrows, 10; John F. Kimball, 10; Ashby, 
J. H. Brooks, 5; Ayer, S. M. Davis, 10; Boston, 
J. J. Arakelyan, 100; Miss Alice Buck, 10; 
Elbridge Torrev, 250 ; Bridgewater, Mrs. 
M. C. Dingwell, 5; Dalton, W. M. 
Crane, 100; Dedham, 1st, 131.61; M. C. 
Burgess, 20 ; East Northfield, Evelyn S. Hall, 3 ; 
Enfield, Mrs. Eenry M. Smith, 70; Fitchburg, 
Mrs. E. A. Freeman, 200; Haydenville, 5.56; C. 

D. Hills, 5 ; Haverhill, West Cong. Ch., C. E., 1 ; 
Leominster, F. A. Whitney, 15; Maiden, W. W. 
Fletcher, 10; Middleboro, 1st, 23.10; Monson, 
54.41 ; Northampton, Estate of Mrs. M. A. Par- 
sons, 100; Norwood, 1st, 91.61; Salem, Estate of 
Sarah H. Ropes, 950 ; Swampscott, O. B. Ames, 
20; Shelburne, A. Friend, 18; Springfield, A 
Friend, 10; Stockbridge, S. B. Cone, 5; Taunton, 
John E. Sanford, 25 ; Wellesley, Mrs. E. E. Den- 
niston, 25 ; West Brookfield, Mrs. Ella M. Sher- 
man, 15; West Springfield, Ethan Brooks, 25; 
Winchendon, Mrs. L. A. Hitchcock, 10; Worces- 
ter, Hope Ch., Jr. C. E., 3.25; Piedmont, 13. 

RHODE ISLAND— $50.00. 
Providence, A. W. Claflin, 50. 

CONNECTICUT— $8,726.51; of which legacy, 
S7. 453-35- 

Miss. Soc. of Conn., by W. W. Jacobs, Treas, 
244.88; Bethlehem, 19.77; Bridgeport, C. E., 
South Ch., 7. 11; Adeline A. Kellogg, 5; E. W. 
Marsh, 50 ; Mrs. E. Sterling, 5 ; Black Rock, S. 
S., 5; Broad Brook, 10.53; Falls vill age, 8.88; 
Farmington, S. S., 20; Gilead, 10; Glastonbury, 
S. S., 4.89 ; Miss A. M. Goodrich, 25 ; Greenwich, 
.2nd, Stillson Benev. Soc, 600; Hartford, J. B. 
Bunce, 25; Meriden, Miss Lucy A. Taylor, 10; 
Middlefield, Lyman A. Mills, 50 ; New London, 
1st Ch. of Christ, 30.09; New Preston. D. 
Burnham, 10; Old Lyme, Estate of Mrs. H. H. 
Matson, 125; Plainville, William Cowles, 5; 
Pomfret, 1st, 7.50; Ridgefield, 32.35; Salisbury, 
W. B. H. M., 11.30; Stamford, Henry Lockwood, 
5; Southport, J. H. Perry, 10; Miss Frances 
Wakeman, 50; South Windsor, Estate of Charles 
A. Janes, 5.938.19; Vernon Center, 4.56; Windsor, 
1st, 6.30; Woodbury, Estate of Charles W. Kirt- 
land, 1,390.16. 

NEW YORK — $2,640.96 : of which legacy, $2,500. 

Brooklyn, Legacy of Emeline Spofford, 2,500; 
Willoughby Ave. Branch S. S., 8.81 ; Miss F. N. 
Tyler, 1.50; Clifton Springs, Mrs. Andrew Peirce, 
to; Crown Point, First, 15.88; East Bloomfield, 
1st, 17.06; Great Valley, E. IT. Hess, 10; Roches- 
ter, George H. Clark, 20 ; Sherburne, A Friend, 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, 
Treas. Salary Fund, 52.71. 

NEW JERSEY— $50.59. 

Dover, Bethlehem, Scand., 2.8t ; Egg Harbor, 
Emanuel, 4; Patterson, Auburn St. Ch., 19; 
Plainfield, 4.25; River Edge, 1st, 18.53; Vineland, 


Received by Rev. C. A. Jones.Susquehanna, 
Mrs. Harry McCannon's S. S. class, 1 ; Allegheny, 
Slavic, 15; Buste, Swedes, 2.35; Chandlers Valley, 
Swedes, 5 ; Braddock, Slavic Cong .Ch., 5 ; Phila- 
delphia, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Clayton, 15 ; Ply- 
mouth, Elm, 7. 

MARYLAND— $8.03. 
Frostburg, 8.03. 

GEORGIA — $1.00. 
Dawson, 1. 

ALABAMA— $-2.00 

Thorsby, United Protestant, 2. 

LOUISIANA— $15.67. 

Hammond, W. H. M. S., 15.67. 

OKLAHOMA— $3.50. 

Willow Creek, People's Union, 3.50. 

OHIO — Legacy, $100.00. 

Cleveland, Estate of Horace Ford, 100. 

INDIANA— $5.00. 
Hammond, 1st. 5 

ILLINOIS— $35.66. 

Batavia, Mrs. L. C. Patterson, 10 ; Ottawa, 
Mrs. E. H. Baldwin, 10; Stockton, Rev. H. M. 
Herrick. 10; Received by Rev. M. E. Eversz, 
D. D., Waukegan, German, 5.66. 

MICHIGAN— $45.00. 

Detroit, A. B. Lyons, 5 ; Grand Rapids, Eva 
D McBain, 25; Wyandotte, 15. 

WISCONSIN— $6.50. 

Clear Lake, Swedes, 2.50; Clintonville, Scand., 

IOWA— $65.68. 

Iowa H. M. Soc, A. D. Merrill, Treas., 45-68; 
Treynor, German, 20. 

MINNESOTA— $2,534.03 ; of which legacy, 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, D. D., Med- 
ford, in part, 7.25; Rev. P. Winter, 25; Min- 
neapolis, Park Ave., 172.68; Pilgrim, 5; Ply- 
mouth, 84; Sauk Center, 1. Total, $294.93. 

Cannon Falls, Swedes, 1.50; Rainy River Val- 
ley, 10; St. Paul, Estate of Anson Blake, t,ooo; 
German, S. S., .66; South St. Paul, Charles W. 
Clark, 10; Spencer Brook, Swedes, 2. 

W. H. M. Union, Mrs. W. M. Bristol, Treas. 

Akeley, Y. P. S. C. E., 2; Alexandria, Aux., 
25; Anoka, Aux.. 5; Austin, Aux., 6.26: Cannon 
Falls, Aux., 4; Y. P. S. C. E., 5; Claremont, 
Aux., 3.50; Cottage Grove, Anx., 7.50; Crooks- 
ton, Aux., 2s: Detroit, Aux., 3; Duluth, Pilgrim, 
Anx., 70; Edgerton, Y. P. S. C. E., 2; Elk 
River, Aux., 4; Excelsior, Aux., 9 ; Y. P. S. C. E., 
= • Faribault. Aux., 29.50; Fairmont, Aux., 15; 
Fergus Falls, Aux., 7.50; Freeborn, Aux., 9; 
Glencoe, Aux., 4 ; Glenwood, Aux., 5 ; Grand 
Meadow, Aux., 3 ; Granite Falls, Aux., 2 ; Hawley, 
Aux., 1.75; Hutchinson, Aux., 4; Lake City, Y. 
P. S. C. E., 5 : Mantorville, Aux., 3 ; Marshall, 
20 ; Meadow Vale, 2 ; Minneapolis, First Aux., 
44; Fremon Ave., Aux., 10; Hopkins Aux., 5; 
Linden Hills Aux., 6; Lowry Hill Aux., 33; 
Lyndale, 9; C. E., 7.S0; S. S., 29.58; 
Park Ave., 30.31: Pilgrim, 39; Plymouth, 
17.50; St. Louis Park, 5; Vine, 12.85; C. E., 5; 
Moorhead, Aux., 8 : Morris, Aux., 10 ; New 
Brighton, Aux.. 2; New Ulm, Aux., 3; North- 
field, Aux., 40: Ortonville, Aux., 10; Owatonna, 
Aux., 35; Pelican Rapids, Aux., 10; Plainview, 
Aux., 6; Rochester, Aux., 74-28; Selma, Aux., 2; 
Sherburn, Aux., 3; Spring Valley, Aux., 6; Y. P. 
S. C. E., 5 ; Stewartville, Aux., 5 ; St. Paul, At- 
lantic Aux., 7; Olivet, Aux., 27; Pacific Aux., 




x 4-75 ; Park Aux., 14; Peoples, 19.83; Plymouth 
Aux., 19.53; St. Anthony Park, Aux., 15; South 
Park, Aux., 5; University Ave. Aux., 4.50; 
Wadena, Aux., 3; Y. P. S. C. E., 10; Winona, 
1st Aux., 100; Worthington, Aux., 12.07; Zum- 
brota, Aux., 7; Thank Offering Fund, 196.23. 
Total, $1,214.94. 

NEBRASKA— $116.67. 

Nebraska H. M. Soc, by Rev. S. I. Hanford, 
41.67; Inland, German, 35; Olive Branch, Ger- 
man, 20; Princeton, German, 20. 

NORTH DAKOTA— $124.46. 

Received by Rev G. T. Powell, Dawson, 4 ; 
Dazey, 2 ; Keyes, S. S., 3.45 ; Niagara, 5 ; Oberon, 
C. E., 10; Wahpeton Jun., C. E., 2.50; Berthold, 
S; Granville, .55; Nekoma, .90; Sawyer, .62; 
Snure, S. S., .78; Velva, .66; Buchanan, 7.23; 
Dickinson, 1.75. 

Woman's H. M .Union, Mrs. E. H. Stickney, 
Treas. Cooperstown, 30 ; Crary, 25 ; Harwood, 
L. S., 9; Rutland, L. S., 8; Wahpeton, L. S., 5- 
Total, $77. 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $94.46. 

Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall, Estalline, 
14.10; Harrisburg, Penn. ; Rev., H. T. Williams, 
10; Rapid City, 31.61; S. S., 5; Turton, 20; 
Highmore, 1.50; Tyndall, German, 10; Murdo 
and Drape, 2.25. 

COLORADO— $272.30. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Fruita, 5 ; 
Hayden, 11; Longmont, 2; Ault, Ch. Miss. Soc, 

2.50; Brighton, Piatt Valley, 18.05; Denver, 2nd, 
50; Allen S. Bush. 10; Hayden, 30; Kremmling, 
5: Loveland, German, 3.50; Rico, 5.25. 

Woman's H. M. Soc, Mrs. L. D. Sweet, Treas. 

Buena- Vista, 2 ; Crested Butte, 53 ; Denver, 
1st, 10; 2nd, 25; Greeley, 10; Harman, 2; Hay- 
den, 8 ; Longmont, 5 ; Manitou, 5 ; Platte Val- 
ley, 2; Pueblo, 8. Total, $130. 

WYOMING— $16.25. 

Lusk, 12.80 ; Manville, 3.45. 

OREGON— $38.00. 

Cedar Mills, German, 10 ; Oregon City, Ger- 
man, 7. 

Woman's H. M. Union. Mrs, C. F. Clapp, 
Treas. Ashland, L. M. S., 5; Astoria, L. M. S., 
5 ; Freewater, L. M. S., 10; Mrs. C. F. Clapp, 1. 
Total, $21. 

WASHINGTON— $12.68. 

Washington Cong. H. M. Soc, Rev. H. B. 
Hendley, Treas. Bellingham, 1st, 10; Rev. H. 
B. Hendley, .68. Total, $10.68. 

Touchet, 1st, 2. 


Contributions $ 5,977.46 

Legacies 12,103.35 


Interest 554-6i 

Home Missionary 45.08 

Literature 17.83 

Total $18,698.33 


Receipts in August, 1907. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston. 

Abington, 22.60 ; Beverly, Swede, 5 ; Boston, 
Mis. M. C. Leavitt, 5; Dorchester, 2nd, 13; 
Btitnbecon Fund, Income of, 20; Brockton, 
Campello, So., 150-. Waldo, 10; Cape, Finns, 
8.16; Chelsea, 20; Concord, Trin., 7.87; Danvers, 
Maple St., 65.86; Edgartown, 42.26; Fitchburg, 
Finn, 8.41 ; Framingham, 30 ; General Fund, In- 
come of, 1,020; Granville, W., 6.25; Groton, W., 
4.75; Hanson, 1st, 4.25; Hatfield, 59.60; Haver- 
hill, Riverside, 30; Holyoke, 1st, 100; Polish, 
13.60; Lakeville, 19.15; Leverett, 15; Littleton, 
12.32; Lowell, Pawtuc.ket, 24.59; Maiden, 1st, 
201.26; Marlboro, Union, 76.44; Milton, Blue 
Hill, Evang., 4: No. Andover, Trin., 140; North- 
bridge, Whitinsville, E. C. Day Band, 15.50; No. 
Reading, Union, 34.05; Pittsfield, So., 33.52; 
Quincy, Finn., 12.75; Wollaston, 25; Reed Fund, 
Income of, 120; Rockport, 1st, 11.25; Sandis- 
field, 6; Southbridge, Globe Village, 10; So. 
Hadley Falls, 52.94; Sturbridge, 2; Sunderland, 
79.59; Tolland, 7; Upton, 1st, 7; Wakefield, 
26.32; West Newbury, 1st, 10; W. Springfield, 
Park St.. 39.39; Whitcomb Fund, Income of, 
1,7.50; Willis Fund, Income of, 8.50; Worcester, 
Finn., 13.85; Wrentham, 31.75; Designated for 
work in Alaska, Northbridge, Whitinsville, C. E., 

W. H. M. A., Lizzie D. White, Treas., Salaries, 
Italian worker, 40. 


Regular $4,500.78 

Designated for work in Alaska 25.00 

W. H. M. A 40.00 

Total $4,565.78 


Receipts in September, 1907 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston. 

Amherst, Zion, 2 : Andover, Ballardvale, S. S., 
■6.30; Ashby, 25: Becket, 1st, 5; Berlin, 15.75; 

Boston, Boylston, Meudell Fund, 598.05 ;Brigh- 
ton, 75 ; W. Roxbury, So. Evang., 50 ; Cape, 
Finns, 15; Carver, No., 16; Conway, 14.33; Cum- 
mington, Village, 8.20 ; Falmouth, Woods Hole, 
6.60; Fitchburg, Finn, 4.52; Framingham, So. 
Grace, S. S., 3.74; Gurney Fund, Income of, 
20 ; Haverhill, Union, 1 ; Holyoke, 2nd, 200 ; 
Lowell, Eliot, 43.03; Marion, 16.06; Medford, 
Mvstic, 85.39; Union Jun. C. E., 3; Newton, 
Eliot, S. S., 38.36; Paxton, 10; Peabody, West, 
.12; Plympton, 7; Silver Lake, 5; Quincy, Finn, 
4.08; Reed Fund, Income of, 40; Rockport, 
Pigeon Cove, Swede, 4.35; Townsend, 3; Wall 
Fund, Income of, 70; Warwick, 12; Wenham, 9; 
Weymouth, So., Old So., 5; Whitcomb Fund, 
Income of, 147.50; Winchendon, No., 56.42; Wor- 
cester, Finn, 6.25 ; Plymouth, 27.41 ; Designated 
for C. H. M. S., Gloucester, Estate of Joseph O. 
Proctor, 500. 


Regular $1,671.34 

Designated for C. H. M. S... 500.00 

Home Missionary .50 

Total .$2,171.84 

Income Funds $277.50 

Mendell Fund 598.05 


Receipts in September, 1907 
Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 
Ashford, 5.50; Bethlehem, S. S., for Italian 
work, 7.50; Canaan, Pilgrim, 30.60; East Canaan, 
5; East Hartford, 1st, 9.47; East Haven, 14.65; 
Georgetown, Swedish, 5; Goshen, S. S., 16; Had- 
dam Neck, 10; Hartford, 1st, 54.20; Higganum, 
37; Litchfield, 1st, 58.45; Meriden. 1st, A Friend, 
20; Middletown, 1st, 24.24; Mt. Carmel, Primary 
Dept. of S. S., 1.56; Nepaug, 22.15; C. E., 10; 
New London, 1st, 40.64; North Stamford, 6; 
Old Saybrook, 41.15; Plainville, Swedish, 5; 
Putnam, 2nd, 50.14; South Glastonbury, 4; 
Thomaston, S. S., Special, 25 ; West Suffield, 
22.38; Woodbridge, 16.04. Total, $541.67. 

Undesignated $487.61 

Designated 5406 

Total $541.67 





Receipts in September, 1907 
Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer, Concord. 
No. Chichester, 5.12; Hillsboro Center, 5; 
Loudon, 5.25; Surry, 2; Union, 10. Total, $27.37. 


Receipts since January, 1907 
Jos. Wm. Rice, Treasurer, Providence. 
Barrinpton, 45; Bristol, 1st Ch., 35; Central 
Falls, 26.58, 43.24; C. E. Club, 25; Chepachet, 
13-35. 37, East Providence, United Ch., 8.13; 
Riverside Ch., C. E., 1; Pawtucket, 170.31, 50; 
Park Place, 6.55; Smithfield Ave., 19.34; Prov- 
idence, Armenians, 8; Beneficent, Special, 46.91, 
5 69.55, 60.33; Central, 562.96; Pilgrim, 31.10, 
J0.54: Union, 100; Peace Dale, 9.62;, 31.50; 
Riverpoint, i,; Slatersville, S. S., 10, 13; C. E., 
12.75 ; Tiverton Four Corners, 7.73 ; Westerly, 
Pawcatuck Ch., 14; Hughesdale, W. H. Starr, 5; 
W. IT. M. Assoc, Special from H. M. Band for 
Franklin Ch., 25 Total, $1,519.19. 

Towprd the debt of the Society: H. J. Wells, 
W. Callrnder, Providence, Beneficent Ch., G. W. 
R. Maueson. VVm. P. Chapin, David Moulton, J. 
W. Rice, Royal Taft, J. R. McColl. D. ' L. Goff, 
$50 each; R. G. Hazard, J. W. Danielson, $100 
each; Central Ch., $125; J. H. Smith, F. W. 
Carpenter, H. A. Hunt, E. S. Clark, $25 each; 

Union Ch., $25.50; Mrs. H. W. M. Bubier, Susan 
A. Watrous, $20 each ; E. F. Sanderson, Marcia 
A. Aldrich, $5 each. Total, $850. 


Receipts in July, August and September 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer. 

Brooklyn, German, 4.52; Cortland, H. E. Gur- 
ney, 65; Hornby, 2.75; New York, Finnish, 5; 
Syracuse, Pilgrim, 6.14; Washington Mills, 8.30; 
Brooklyn, Ocean Ave., in; Buffalo, Fitch Mem- 
orial 6: Ellington, 10: Farmingville, 5; Gasport, 
10; New Lebanon, 11.93; New Rochelle, Swede, 
2.75: Rome, 1.62; W. H. M. U., 20; Columbus, 
6 ; Danby, 15; Hornby, 2.75; Middletown, North 
Street, 15; Osceola, 10; Salamanca, 24. Total, 


Receipts in September, 1907 

Rev. Chas. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 

Alexandria, 2: Cincinnati, Plymouth, 3; Cleve- 
land, First, 20.63; Hough, 7; Jones Ave., 6; 
Rev. Leroy Royce, 1; Pilgrim, 100; Marietta, 1st, 
175; 1st Branches, 3.70; Newport, Ky. Y. P. S., 
v; North Olmstead, .60; Plainsville, First, 28.30; 
Union, 4: Secretary, Pulpit Supply, 15; Steuben- 
ville. Pergonal, 1 ; Talmadge, 1 ; Toledo, Wash- 
ington St., 6.34; Wayne, 20. Total, $397-57- 


* For NOVEMBER, 1907. * 


BIRDS EYE VIEW Illustrated Miriam L. Woodberry 188 


Charles S. Mills, President 191 


Ozora S. Davis 201 


Illustrated Willis E. Lougee 204 


James G, Cannon 208 


Henry H. Kelsey 209 

MY COUNTRY Illustrated Mrs, B. W. Firman 213 

RESPECT. Frank T. Bayley 215 


Frank E. Jenkins 218 


D. F. Fox 220 


HOME MISSIONS AMONG THE SLOVAKS Illustrated Andrew Gavlik 224 



Congregational Home Missionary Society 


CH." MILLS, D. D., Press 

H. CLARK FORD. Vice-Presi 
:rt C. HERRI r 


?E, D. D., Trea- 
etary Worn 


S. H. 


W. E 





R ev. 

Rev. O. C. G' : 
Rev. Chas. H. Small 
. E. Ricker 
Merrill, D. T). 
Rev. W. W. Scnn 
Rev. W. H 



W. P. Hubbard, Treasurer 

"ross, Treasurer 
Chas. H. Merrill, T 

7 . E. E 
Rev. Joshua 

m R ■■_ ■. 

;s. Secretary. .. .Mission; 

- - 

iarles H. S- ■ 
Rev. Charles H. Small. Treaf Ohio 



: - - 







'-, anrl und 

HONORARY ■ I of Fifty 1 

i. Honorary Life 






A Cream of 1 



to make t\ouse-deai\ii\§ 
half play when all the 

hard dirty wor r k, froni 
sink cjeai\ii\§ to brass 
polishing isdone witK 
a bowl of wafer, a soft 

MLEANS-SCOURS : polishes) 

50 Cents a Year 


Entered at the Post-Office, at New York, N. Y., as second-class [mail] matter 




PROFESSOR CHARLES MARSH MEAD, D, D.,has donated to the Home Missionary 

Society a limited number of copies of his valuable work, entitled "IRENIC THEO- 
LOGY," published by G. P. Putnam's Sons of New York, 375 pages. These are to be 
distributed among our home missionary pastors as far as they will go as a free gift, the 
only condition being a request for the same with fourteen cents enclosed for postage. 

PASTORS will find this to be a substantial and useful addition to their libraries. The author 
after having been Professor of Hebrew for sixteen years in Andover Theological Semi- 
nary, and a member of the Bible Revision Committee, spent ten years in Germany in 
study and in authorship both in the English and German languages. Since that time he 
has been Professor of Christian theology in Hartford Theological Seminary and a lecturer 
in Princeton Theological Seminary. Recognized as an acute and learned theologian he is 
also acknowledged to be one of the best German scholars in America. 

PROFESSOR W. F. WARREN, D.D., LL.D., says of this book:. "This volume aims to give us 
,1 binocular vision of at least a number of the more important of the themes presented 
in all systems of Christian doctrine." 

ANOTHER PRESS NOTICE SAYS: "This work is written with great ability and learning. 
In deftness of thought and expression Dr. Mead is scarcely surpassed by any American 

THE NEW YORK OBSERVER thus comments: "This is a sincer? and strong attempt to get 
differing tl r. The merit of the book lies in the sincere frankness and 

fearlessness of the author's search for truth in doctrine ami life; the clearness and 
strength of his convictions on every point disi ussed ; his respect for other sincere, frank 
and fearless disciples who reacli conclusions differing from his; his keen analyses, close 
discriminations and logic unafraid and apparently as unbiassed by {'repossessions as hu- 
can be; his admirably clear, unrestrained and vita! style; and his evident 
loyalty to the Divine Saviour, the Scriptures ard the salvation of the world." 

In requesting copies of this book please address Secrertary J, B.CLARK, 

387 Fourth Avenue. New York City. 

Conditional Gifts 

Assuring the donors of income 
forlife are invited by 

Home Missionary Society 

THE SOCIETY will give its guarantee, which 
is the best of security, for the semi-annual 
payment during life, of an amount equal to a 
good rate of interest, the gift itself to go ulti- 
mately to the work of the Home Missionary 

BY SUCH GIFTS the donors may be assured 
of safety, prompt and regular payments of the 
semi-annual interest, freedom from care, and 
ultimately the use of the money given for the 
purposes of the redemption of this land to 

FULL INFORMATION will be given by the 
Washington Choate, Treasurer, C. H. M. S., 
Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New 
York City. 



about Pianos! 

— You want the sweetest toned 

— You want that sweet tone to last 

— You dislike to spend any more 

money than necessary :— But every adviser, and so=called expert, recommends 

a different make. You are like a man lost in the woods. You don't know 

which way to turn. This surely describes your position. 

THE REMEDY : — Educate yourself on the subject ! Study — read- 
Read more — Study more. Then listen in the quietness of your 
own parlor to the tone of the highest grade piano you can 


A. jLf get, but without agreeing to purchase 

those musical friends who you know 
are not under past obligations to any piano 
dealers or friends of dealers. Resolve you will 
study attentively piano tone and will be deaf, 
while studying, to the magnetic talk and persuasiveness of sales 
men. This is the intelligent way. It's the way you planned your new 
home. You made a long study of it calmly, thoroughly, and you became 
quite an expert. You can be just as expert about pianos. 

We are willing to send you free two books: 

One officially entitled "The Book 
of Complete Information about 

Pages handsomely bound, if you 
ever intend to buy a piano, no matter 
what make. 

It tells how to test a piano and how 
to tell good from bad : what causes 
pianos to get out of order. It makes 
the selection of a piano easy. If 
read carefully it will make you an 
expert judge of piano tone, of action, 
workmanship and of durability. 

It tells everything that any one 
can possibly want to know about 
pianos ; gives a description of every 
part of the piano, how put together 
and all the processes of manufacture. 
Gives description of the new in- 
vention for aiding learners to play 
called THE NOTEACCORD (en- 
dorsed by Paderewski and other 
great pianists). It explains Agents' 
and Dealers' Methods and Devices. 

It tells about the very first piano, 

the qualities of labor, the felt, 
ivories and woods used in every 
high-grade piano, and compares high 
qualities with the cheaper kind (used 
in inferior pianos). Describes what 
constitutes a musical-piano-tone, and 
in fact is a complete encyclopedia. 

You need and should have THIS 
EDUCATIONAL BOOK to thoroughly 
inform you whenever CONFUSED 

Its scores of illustrations (all de- 
voted to piano construction) are not 
only interesting but are instructive — 
to children as well as to adults. 

You will certainly learn a great 
deal about pianos that you could not 
hear of or read ANYWHERE ELSE 
for it is absolutely the only book of 
its kind ever published. Neverthe- 
less we send it free. 

The other book is also copy- 
righted but is a short story named 
REASONS." The story of an 

average American family which was 
ALL CONFUSED about Pianos— it is 
interesting, readable and prettily 
illustrated — gives a little hint of a 
love affair which the piano helped 
along, as many pianos have done. 

These two books cost quite a sum 
to produce, print, bind, illustrate 
and mail. Upwards of 400,000 have 
been issued and without a single 
exception have been highly com- 

SO FAR not one word about our- 
selves. We are and have been the 
manufacturers of THE FAMOUS 
WING PIANO for the past 39 years ! 

We Have Supplied Over 40,000 American Homes With 

We refer to Banks, Governors of many States, and Judges; to Merchants, 
Conservatories of Music, Singers and Professors of Music. We have been 
students of vibration and of musical tone and strength of materials during 
all these 39 years. The first patent issued to our Mr. Wing, Senior, for 
improvement on pianos was in 1876, and other improvements have been 
invented since at the average rate of more than one yearly. These facts 
prove our skill and long experience, but would not be mentioned if we 
did not wish to show you that we know the piano subject as few others 
have had the opportunity ; for 39 years is a long — long time for a business 
house to "live and learn " and constant^ prosper. 

Write for the books at once of fill in the coupon. Take it otrt 
and mail to us now while you think of it (and while you have 
the coupon). You will be under no obligations whatever. 


358-391 West 13th Street, New York 



* For DECEMBER, 1907. * 


by Miriam L. Woodberry 235 

CONGRATULATIONS Mrs. Caswell-Broad 237 


Mrs. James Minot 238 


An Address before the National Federation of State Unions (frontispiece) 
Miss Mary E. Woolley 240 



Mrs William Kincaid 246 


Mrs. W. H. Nugent 247 


Mrs. C. R Wilson 248 



Miss Catherine W. Nichols 251 


Mrs Rebecca P. Fairbanks 252 


Illustrated, Mrs C. H. Small ,253 

HQW IOWA DOES IT, Illustrated 

....„ Mrs D. P. Breed 254 



Mrs. B, W. Firman 256 


Tfie Treasury--Our Noble State Unions--Tfie New Secretary 258 



Illustrated M. E. Eversz 261 


Grace C, White 263 





Published Monthly, except in July and August, by the 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 



President of Mount Holyoke College 





NO. 7. 

Greetings To The State Unions 

By Miss. Miriam L. Woodberry 

FOND fathers bequeath their business interests to trusted sons, 
and loving mothers commit precious heirlooms and priceless per- 
sonal belongings to the daughters who bear their likeness. The 
young women of our churches ought to realize ivhat a noble inheritance 
is being accumulated for them by the consecrated hearts, heads and 
hands of the W 'omen's Home Missionary Societies. The majestic 
march of these Societies leads among the Indians and Mexicans, 
across Utah into the sections of the Orient in America, up to Alaska, 
down to Cuba and Porto Rico, along prairie ranches, into mountain 
defiles, and the fine property they have accumulated is to be handed 
down to the co,re of the young womanhood of to-day. If mothers' lace 
md jewels are precious in the eyes of the daughter, how much more 
precious to the Christian girl will be the marvelous institutions for 
Christian zvork that the mother Society has so wonderfully established, 
and for which it so beautifully cares." Citizens of To-morrozv. 

WE are summoning the women 
to no new service, for fully 
one hundred years ago the 
first invitation rang through the land, 
but we are summoning recruits with 
an earnestness, a hopefulness, yes, a 
confidence never before expressed. 
Every woman in every Congregational 
church is needed. 

For one moment cannot we drop all 
other thoughts and try to catch a 
glimpse of God's great purpose for 
this Society? Governor Winthrop 
legislated after long and serious con- 
troversy with King Charles that this 
country did not belong to the children 
and grandchildren of the first settlers, 
but to all law-abiding citizens who 
were able to labor for a living and to 
honor God. Oueen Elizabeth srave 

many dramatic scenes to history, but 
we must never forget that during a 
woman's reign the banner of religious 
freedom was established forever on 
this side of the water. 

The first Congregational church 
was founded not to perpetuate a creed, 
not to glorify an organization, but for 
the purpose of "laying some founda- 
tion for advancing the Gospel of the 
Kingdom of Christ," and if we would 
honor our fathers, what better way 
can we find than incorporating as a 
principle the quaint wording of that 
first charter that God will use us 
"though it should be as stepping 
stones unto others." 

The seed sown in the early days has 
brought a wonderful harvest. What 
would the captain of the ships that 




first braved the seas and found the 
road to America have thought, could 
they have known that they were 
simply scouts and forerunners of a 
large army of similar expeditions? 
And how that army increases ; how 
steadily it is gathering force from 
every country, hamlet, village and 
town, from north, south, east and west, 
as these representatives of the world 
are pouring upon our shores. The labor 
world meets them and places tools in 
their hands and introduces them im- 
mediately to the coal mines, lumber 
camps, railroad beds, sweat shops, 
stock yards, factories that run day 
and night; the politician meets them, 
hardly a week elapses before their 
political standing is assured. The 
emissaries of evil meet them, the 
saloon, gambling dens, games of 
chance, cheap theatres are arranged 
for their special benefit and pleasure. 
The public school is meeting them. 
Often if a family arrives on Friday 
the children are all in school Monday 

They bring into the country strong 
bodies capable of great industry. 
They bring minds capable of the high- 
est development. They bring souls 
ready to be touched by the spirit of 
Divine fire and here is the special mis- 
sion of the Christian Church. Your 
religious inheritance is your equip- 
ment ; your religious life is a silent, 
but eloquent epistle, and we summon 
vou at the beginning of this winter to 
not withhold the gift. Fifteen hun- 
dred and twenty-five missionaries al- 
ready commissioned, over 200 of them 
oreaching in fifteen different lan- 
guages every Sunday ! Do you know 
the salarv these men are receiving? 
Can you picture the daily life of the 
worker? Did you ever trv to imagine 

what it means to belong to this great 
Congregational family ? 

We who live in a religious com- 
munity and have the benefit of a re- 
ligious environment are some day go- 
ing to be held responsible. Our 
talents, our time, our money are given 
us in trust. God calls some to a life 
of sacrifice of service on the ; firing 
line. He calls many more to their 
support, but to the many more the call 
is exactly as true, as individual, and 
as direct. To us is given the more 
serious commission, for all their work 
can be retarded, broken, crushed, by 
indifference and neglect at this end. 
If you are an officer be prompt, faith- 
ful and courageous in building up the 
local society in your own church. If 
you can travel visit these workers. If 
you can read, turn aside from some of 
the stimulating modern fiction and be- 
come acquainted with the home mis- 
sionary message. If you can sew, hold 
out a helping hand to a home mission- 
ary mother. Sometimes she is a 
daughter of your own home church, 
sometimes a woman born across the 
seas, sometimes she comes from the 
neglected rural districts of the South. 
Attend the meetings regularly, invite 
others to accompany you, ask them to" 
give. Stand for home missions. Re- 
member, — it is the Call of the Cross, 
its keynote is self-sacrifice. Remem- 
ber, — reward may not be in the coin 
of this country, but boys will be saved 
from a life of recklessness, because 
vou help keep a worker on the field ; 
girls will be equipped for service our 
girls can never render, women's hearts 
will be strengthened, men will take 
fresh courage, the power of evil will 
recede before a steadv campaign for 
righteousness, and the "peace that 
passeth all understanding" will crown 
our efforts. ■ 


By Mrs. Caswell-Broad 
Formerly, and for sixteen years, Secretary of the Woman's Department 

Congregational Home Mission- 
ary Society so splendidly organ- 
ized for present and future work, with 
our Congregational Churches of every 
State and Territory. 

Congratulations to our newly ap- 
pointed Secretary of the Woman's 
Department of the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society, Miss 
Miriam L. Wdodberry. She has 
come to office for such a time as this, 
to awaken us to a heroic effort, to 
double our gifts to the Society until 
the treasury is free from debt, and 
again to double our gifts to carry on 
the ever expanding work. We give 
her warm welcome, and the strength 
of our fellowship and our prayers. 
God bless her, and give her daily wis- 
dom to meet the daily need! 

Congratulations to the Woman's 
State Organizations who have the 
rare opportunity to sustain heroic mis- 
sionaries on the field at this critical 
time. I write at this moment from 
the Panhandle of Texas — a country 
opening with startling rapidity. 
Crowds of people arrive by every 
train. Never was there more need of 
earnest, sacrificial missionaries. This 
region, and many another must be 
captured for Chirst — now! My sis- 
ters, will you make it possible for the 
Congregational Home Missionary So- 
ciety to do its work here, and in every 
opening field of this fair land? 

The National Council has approved 
a plan of apportionment for our six 
National Benevolent Societies, of 
$2,000,000 to be raised in our Con- 
gregational Churches. Of this $2,- 
000,000, $1,140,000 is for the five 
Home Societies ; and of this amount 
$470,000 is to be raised for the Con- 
gregational Home Missionary Society. 

This means forty-one cents for the 
Congregational Home Missionary So- 
ciety of every dollar contributed for 
our five National Homeland So- 

May we not by heroic effort of the 
Federation, with this percentage plan, 
insure the raising by the churches of 
the $470,000 for the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society, this year? 


We who were present at the meet- 
ing of the Federation at Cleveland, 
heard Miss Woodberry relate her first 
experience in her new position, with 
the "Box Department." She found 
upon her desk a package of mission- 
ary blanks of families which had 
been returned to the office as "Un- 
desirable," and she gave us some of 
the reasons why these blanks were re- 

This brought very forcibly to my 
mind the day when our sainted Dr. 
Coe completed his work and the "Box 
Department" came into my hands. I 
found one hundred "Blanks" labeled 
"Undesirable Families." I was puz- 
zled at first at this designation, but 
ascertained later that it was not a 
term of disrespect to the missionary 
family, but simply indicated the con- 
dition of mind and heart of the Wom- 
an's Society to which the family had 
been assigned. . I made a list of the 
reasons why the blanks had been re- 
turned. Among others were these: 
"Foreigners," "Too far away," "No 
children," "Children too old," "We 
don't want boys," "We don't like his 
name!" "The man is too tall," "The 
wife has not the regulation measures," 
etc., etc. I discovered that the coveted 
family should consist of a husband 
and wife of suitable proportions, five 
little girls and a baby. 

2 3 8 



After making several unsuccessful 
efforts to "place" these families, I 
published a paragraph in The Home 
Missionary, to the effect: Where is 
the Woman's Missionary Society, who 
for love of Christ, will supply the 
needs of a home missionary family 
zvhatever the nationality , or condition, 
or make-up of said family?" 

The response touched my heart. It 
was a response of confession. Those 
who had returned the blanks had not 
realized the actual fact that thev were 

really meeting together for a social 
good time, with something pleasant 
to do in missionary lines. In less than 
one month every one of the one hun- 
dred waiting missionary families was 

I am glad to give my testimony 
after sixteen years of experience with 
the Missionary box, that there are a 
multitude of Missionary Societies who 
take the family presented to them, 
and meet the need lovingly and faith- 
fully. The others are the exception. 

New Hampshire Female Cent Institution and 
Home Missionary Union 

By Mrs. James Minot, President 

PERHAPS no better illustration 
could be furnished of growth 
from insignificant beginnings, 
than the "Female Cent Institution and 
Home Missionary Union" of New 
Hampshire. Organized in 1804, by 
the wife of a country pastor, the 
membership was small, the pledge but 
one cent a week, and the amount col- 
lected for the year of its foundation 
only five dollars. At this early date 
there was little luxury, and even the 
cents were hard to find. Women had 
few dollars to spend and less to give 
away, but they gave cheerfully as they 
were able and with many believing 
prayers. So other female cent so- 
cieties were formed in adjoining 
towns, and like "little beacons of 
cheering light, blazed forth upon the 
hills and in the valleys all over the 
state," till a flame was kindled which 
has never been quenched. Through 
the aid furnished, libraries were estab- 
lished in destitute places, Sunday 
Schools were formed and material as- 
sistance rendered the New Hampshire 
Home Missionary Society in support- 
ing feeble churches. The records 
show that the whole amount which 
has come into the treasury of the 
Cent Union now exceeds $200,000. 
Its gifts, for many years, were ex- 

clusively for Home Missionary work 
in the state, but in 1890, a new Con- 
stitution was adopted, and its lines 
were broadened so as to include all 
the Homeland Societies. For eighty- 
six years, it had but one officer, a 
treasurer, and during its existence of 
over a century but four treasurers 
have cared for its funds. In memory 
of its founder, Mrs. Elizabeth Knee- 



land McFarland, a Memorial Fund 
was established in 1864, which now 
amounts to over $18,000. Four 
generations of women have cherished 
and honored this Society, and oc- 
casionally a resident of some distant 
state sends her contribution for the 
Cent Union as beloved for the moth- 
er's or grandmother's sake. 

But the proud inheritance of the 
past only makes more imperative the 
duty of the future and its aim is larger 
gifts, and "an auxiliary in every 
church and every woman a member." 

As a rule, the old Cent Society had 
no formal organization, but to-day 
more than two-thirds of the auxil- 
iaries are well organized, hold regular 
meetings with interesting programs 
and study of mission fields, special at- 
tention being given to the immigra- 
tion problem. A few of these local 
Societies issue a printed program at 
the beginning of the year. In the 
smaller towns, however, where the 
population is scattered, the members 

do not come together, but the annual 
offering is gathered by the collector, 
and forwarded to the treasurer, some 
of these collectors faithfully serving 
twenty or even thirty years. 

Sometimes it has been customary to 
send out an Easter leaflet, calling at- 
tention to the self-denial of the Lenten 
season, and asking for special gifts. 
While the result has not been as 
large as desired it has proved that an 
appeal at Eastertide is practicable and 
finds a response in many hearts. 

The benefit arising from closer 
touch with the Home Missionary 
Unions in other states was readily ap- 
preciated, and this Society was one of 
the first to become a member of the 
National Federation. The duties and 
privileges presented have never in 
"all the centuries since our Lord's 
death and resurrection" been so great 
as in this twentieth century. It has 
been well said, "No nation has ever 
faced such a problem as we are fac- 
ing, not only because of its gigantic 




proportions, or because of its peculiar 
nature, but because of the fact that 
the nation's weal or woe is being 
decided right before our very . eyes, 
because its shroud or its wedding 
garment is now being woven, and we 
who live to-day may stretch our hands 
against the threads of the loom and 
say which it shall be." In this evan- 

gelization of the incoming millions, 
this glorious work for God and coun- 
try, the old Female Cent Institution 
desires to bear a part. 

"New occasions teach new duties, 
Time makes ancient good uncouth; 
They must upward still and onward, 
Who would keep abreast of truth." 

Education and the Missionary Spirit 

An address before the National Federation of State Unions, at Cleveland, 

Ohio, October 15, 1907 

By Miss Mary E. Woolley, President Mount Holyoke College 

IT may be that the fallacy still ex- 
ists in some minds that education 
and missionary spirit are mutual- 
ly exclusive, that education is synony- 
mous with a certain cold intellectual- 
ism which is altogether out of sym- 
pathy with missionary zeal. There 
was never a more mistaken concep- 
tion. It is true that one occasionally 
meets educated men and women of 
the type that the long suffering Job 
must have had in mind when he 
"answered and said, 'No doubt but ye 
are the people, and wisdom shall die 
with you,' " possessing a sort of learn- 
ing which seems to contract rather 
than to expand the horizon. But that 
is not the ideal education. So far 
from unfitting for the missionary 
spirit, education is a very essential 
factor in producing it. Zeal without 
knowledge has always been a real 
detriment and handicap to progress in 
movements for helping humanity. 
What kind of workers do our Mis- 
sionary Boards seek, both for the 
home and the foreign field? Not the 
zealous, impulsive, untrained en- 
thusiasts, but the men and women who 
have had the discipline of education, 
who have a broad outlook, who can 
see the point of view of other men, as 
well as their own, who combine zeal 
with tact, earnestness with wisdom, 
self-devotion with the ability to 
inspire others, the fire of enthus- 

iasm with the power of self-control, 
the gifts of the spirit with the gifts 
of the mind. 

The missionary appeal comes to the 
educated with tremendous force be- 
cause of the very greatness of the 
problems. Life is too full for earnest, 
thoughtful men and women to give 
their real interest to anything which 
seems to them not vital. It has been 
wisely said that if we would have 
peace instead of war, the arts of peace 
must be made to appeal as strongly to 
the imagination as the arts of war. 
What an appeal to the imagination 
lies within the present situation of the 
American people ! We quote lightly 
the comment that the world has never 
within its history had a similar ex- 
perience ; we speak of the Race Prob- 
lem, of the White Man's Burden, of 
the Incoming Millions, as casual 
topics of conversation. Do we realize 
the meaning of what we say with 
that intensity of conviction which not 
only sees the gravity of this crisis, but 
accepts the personal responsibility in- 
volved? There is a Race Problem, an 
army mainly in the South, of eight or 
nine million men, women and chil- 
dren, representing as many types, as 
many stages of intellectual, moral and 
spiritual capacity as they represent 
shades of color. It is hardly possible 
to conceive a more difficult situation. 
There are men and women in that 

Mount Holyoke College 
mary lyon hall ( chapel and administration building) 

great company as intelligent, as up- 
right, as ambitious, as capable of in- 
tellectual and moral and spiritual de- 
velopment as anyone in this audience 
to-day ; and — there are men and wom- 
en so degraded that they seem more 
brute than human. There are thou- 
sands of the children of this race 
eager for education, ambitious for 
homes and the ability to earn an 
honest living; there are thousands 
ignorant of the very rudiments of 
civilized life, more hopeless than chil- 
dren, for without the child's promise 
of the future. 

But the Race Problem is not con- 
fined to the South. Over 266,000 In- 
dians are a living reminder of another 
story of oppression and injustice and 
dishonor. Nor is the end yet. Are 
they to learn civilization from its best 
representatives or from its worst? Be 
trained to respect the laws, a pure 
home life, education, the principles of 
Christian living, or to grow up with- 
out regard for the institutions of home 
or school or church, unrestrained by 

civil or moral law, — giving up the 
virtues of the "Savage," for the vices 
of the civilized? 

There is another story also in the 
.South which may well be called a 
tragedy, the tragedy of a people who 
were stranded, left one side by the 
great tide of civilization, of which 
their own race was a part. There 
may not be a grave problem connected 
with the welfare of the poor Moun- 
tain Whites, but there is certainly a 
strong appeal in the thought of that 
arrested development, the material 
and the intellectual poverty, the moral 
degeneration, the spiritual blindness 
of that people, almost as alien and 
isolated as if belonging to another 
race and continent. 

There is a race problem, there is 
also a problem of the races. Who 
will be the American of to-morrow 
and what kind of an American will he 
be ? In the suggestive little book call- 
ed "The Incoming Millions," the writ- 
er says, "It is interesting to try to 
imagine what kind of a place the 




United States would now be if the 
Poles had founded Boston, if the 
Italians had settled Virginia, if the 
Slovaks had colonized New York, the 
Lithuanians established Philadelphia 
and the Jews been pioneers in the 
Great West. Such flights of fancy 
may help us to imagine what the 
United States is liable to become if 
the present order of affairs continues." 
With over one million immigrants 
annually, there are now in New York 
City alone, more Germans than in any 
city of Germany except Berlin ; 
enough Irish to make a city twice as 
large as Dublin ; more Italians than in 
Naples or Venice. Chicago is the 
third largest Bohemian city in the 
world and has, according to the state- 
ment of a well-known settlement 
worker, four Italian colonies, two 
Polish, an Irish, a Jewish, a German, 
a Chinese, a Greek, a Scandinavian 
and others. We take numbers so 
lightly on our lips that it is only by 
a comparative view that we gain their 
significance. The city in which we 
are meeting to-day had by its last 
census in 1900, something over 381.- 
ooo inhabitants, that is, it could be 
emptied and filled nearly three times 
in the course of a year by the new 
peoples coming into the country with- 
in the twelvemonth. Is there anyone 
who would challenge the statement 
that the field is a vast one? 

But that is not all. No one who 
reads the newspapers needs to be 
told that the Pacific Coast has a Race 
Promblem, and that great issues de- 
pend upon a wise adjustment of these 
new relations between the Orient and 
the Occident. 

The appeal is a three-fold one ; it 
is first of all, an aopeal to our reason. 
What a triumph if we succeed, not in 
vanquishing a race, but in assimilat- 
ing it. not in oppressing, but in up- 
lifting. The gravity of the situation 
cannot be exaggerated, it is the height 
of unreason to minimize or evade it. 
Our own self-preservation, our sense 
of justice, our hope for the future, 
all urge an earnest, united, persistent, 

vigorous effort to educate and Chris- 
tianize these millions of human beings 
with whose welfare our own well- 
being is so closely united. 

Modern life is fearfully unified. 
Physically, socially, morally, spiritual- 
ly, the disease of the one class is the 
menace of all the others. Just as 
tuberculosis in the sweat-shop means 
the risk of physical contagion in the 
cultured home, so does degradation in 
the slums mean its moral and spirit- 
ual peril. 

The appeal is to our sympathy. 
Surely no woman can resist the ap- 
peal which this cause of home mis- 
sions makes to her humanity. The 
army of little children, 1,700,000, 
under fifteen years of age, working in 
cotton fields, factories, mines, sweat- 
shops ; the hosts of weary, lonely dis- 
couraged, hopeless women, strangers 
in a strange land, or worse, aliens in 
the land of their birth ; the eager, 
ambitious boys and girls struggling 
against tremendous odds of color and 
poverty and prejudice to get a foot- 
ing on an upper round of the ladder. 
— how can the earnest, Christian 
women refuse to hear their cry for 

The cause appeals to our reason, to 
our sympathy, to our Christianity. 
What is our Christianity? Does it 
consist in attending church services 
and occasional, missionary meetings, 
in assigning a moderate proportion of 
our income to benevolences and rest- 
ing content with that? Or does it 
mean making real to others the truth 
that "God so loved the world that He 
gave Plis only Begotten Son. that 
whosoever believeth on Him should 
not perish, but have eternal life." 

But what can I do? I wish that 
that question might more often be in 
the form — "But what may I do?" 
The answer is all included in a little 
word of four letters, "Give." Give 
first vour interest. It seems hardlv 
credible that it is necessary to preach 
this doctrine, that there are mission- 
ary meetings to which one is urged 
solely by a sense of duty, her own or 




her neighbor's. Yet how can we feel 
interest in people of whom we know 
nothing? A first aid is information. 
What is our attitude toward the 
"American Missionary," for example, 
or "the Home Missionary?" Is the 
subscription maintained simply from 
a sense of duty or from habit and is 
that the end of the matter? Do we 
deposit the periodicals at once in the 
waste-basket or carefully place them 
on a remote corner of a book-case, 
finally when out of date , to share the 
common 1st of all papers? If so, we 
have lost a great deal that would both 
thrill and inspire. 

But interest which does not result 
in the giving of something more is of 
a very flabby and lifeless variety, in 
fact, it has no right to the name, for 
real interest leads to accomplishment. 

The cause needs the best thought 
of the best thinkers, thought applied 
not only to the question itself as a 
great problem, but also to our own 
possibilities for effective service. A 
letter from a foreign missionary re- 
garding the needs in her immediate 
field and the abundant but undevelop- 
ed resources in her home church, says : 

"My heart just aches at. the thought 
of the uninvested abilities of the ladies 
of the ■ Church." The "unin- 
vested abilities !" To how many 
churches represented here to-day does 
this expression apply? We are often 
reminded by precept and by example 
of the peculiar opportunity and power 
which women have, to help in the 
solution of these problems, where per- 
sonal interest and individual, as well 
as organized effort, count for so 

If interest and thought lead, ma- 
terial gifts will inevitably follow, as 
the natural expression of our interest 
and the handmaiden of our thought; 
but sometimes it is wise to reverse the 
order and give, — even if we are not 
personally interested, for it is a 
curious fact that interest is very likely 
to follow the pocket-book ! The work 
needs the workers, but it needs quite 
as truly the means of support. It 
must be a bitterness to the souls of 
those who are giving their lives to a 
great cause to see doors open which 
they must close for lack of funds. I 
have sometimes thought that the story 
of the widow's mite was rather too 

Mount Holyoke College 
dwight memorial art building 




generally interpreted, that it was 
made to cover a multitude of sins of 
small giving, and I was rejoiced re- 
cently to find Justice Brewer's recom- 
mendation that the "widow's mite" be 
put one side till the coming of hard 
times ! There are munificent gifts ; 
one is indicated in the letter of a 
Massachusetts boy to an appeal last 
year for five dollar gifts : 

Dear Sir: 

Enclosed please find check for two 
dollars. Yon wrote for five. I am 
thirteen years old and I take care of a 
school-house for two dollars a month, 
and have to buy my clothes out of that, 
so that I do not have much to give away. 

Hoping that you will get the money 
and wishing you success, 
Yours truly, 

The editorial comment truly says, 
"There is a pathetic appeal in the let- 
ter to everyone who loves this nation 
and desires its safety and Christian 
development." It seems to me that 
the key to the whole situation is just 
here : the appeal on the ground of 
love for the nation and desire for its 
safety and Christian development. It 
is true that "we can no longer play at 
home missions when all the conditions 
call for our utmost outpouring of 
time, influence, money, for the saving 
of this nation to Christianity." 

But giving means self-enrichment, 
as well as self-sacrifice. Think of the 
inspiration in having a direct part in 
this work, beingf the medium by which 

Christian Civilization becomes a 
reality to the Negro of the South, the 
Indian of the West, the Slav of our 
own home city. 

Interest, thought, money, they all 
seem so small when compared with 
the gift which many men and women 
are making to-day, literally the giving 
of themselves. The heroism may 
sometimes seem prosaic, but it is no 
less heroic. "Things are very real 
here," writes a worker among the 
poor Mountain Whites. "There is no 
romance in this mountain work. The 
ignorance is real, so are the rags and 
the dirt; real chickens in the kitchen 
and real pigs in the yard; the miser- 
able conditions are real, and nothing 
but love for God and humanity could 
keep the teachers at this work with 
joy in the service." 

"Am I my brother's keeper?" — the 
question, old as humanity, comes with 
startling force and there is but one 
answer. No one of us can escape that 
question or apply it to our richer or 
more philanthropic or more self-sac- 
rificing neighbor. The fact of individ- 
ual responsibility is one of the most 
awful and yet most inspiring facts in 
human existence. We cannot say, "I 
will not take this responsibility." 
That is not ours to decide ; we have 
only to determine how we shall meet 
it. May God touch our lips, our 
hearts with the burning coal from His 
altar of love and service, that we, too, 
may answer, "Here am I ; send me." 




Louisiana Maine 

State Union Presidents 

Our Enlarged Opportunity 

By Mrs. Willam Kincaid; 
President Nezv York State Union 

THE twenty-four years of our 
New York Woman's Home 
Missionary Union have been 
years of growth — "growth in auxili- 
aries, in gifts and in widening fields 
of work. We have gladly followed 
the lead of our National Homeland 
Societies, and where they have called 
we have followed. All the work 
which has been given us is interesting 
work, but just now that at San Mateo, 
New Mexico, is especially prominent. 
Eleven years since at the request of 
the Congregational Education Society, 
we entered upon the work. San 
Mateo, an adobe village, contains four 
hundred people, and rests in the 
shadow of creat Mt. Taylor, the high- 

est mountain in New Mexico. Save 
for three months of service performed 
by Miss Virginia Dox, this was the 
first missionary work ever done there. 
The people, descendants of the native 
Indians and their Spanish conquerors, 
were utterly unlettered and swayed by 
Catholicism of the Middle Ages, a 
Catholicism in which had sprung up 
the sect of the Penitentes, a sect com- 
posed of the worst men of the Ter- 
ritory who by self-inflicted flagella- 
tions and crucifixions hope to atone 
for sin. 

Our first missionaries were Rev. 
and Mrs. Moya, educated Mexicans. 
Mr. Moya had been at El Paso, 
Texas, a school supported jointly by 





the Congregational Home Missionary 
Society and the American Board, and 
Mrs. Moya at the Board's school in 
Chihuahua, Old Mexico, thus il- 
lustrating the interchangeableness of 
Home and Foreign Missions. 

We built them a house at a total 
money outlay of $200, with four 
rooms — a school room, sitting room,, 
bed room and kitchen. They did ex- 
cellent work, but Mrs. Moya became 
increasingly blind and they were 
obliged to go away. They were suc- 
ceeded by Mrs. Telewantes, also an 
educated Mexican and later by Miss 
Nina E. Lamson who, with varying 
assistants, has carried on the work 
ever since. The building has been en- 
larged, a stable has been built for our 
horse "Homer," the gift of the mini- 
sters and laymen of New York State. 
The school has been prosperous, a 
Sabbath School has been sustained, 
and Miss Lamson has gone abroad in 
her work of physical and moral heal- 
ing among the people. All this has 
pleased us much, but we have not 
been satisfied. We longed for a 
church organization into which our 
boys and girls as they found Christ 
might be gathered, and when last 
spring our dear Dr. Kingsbury wrote 
us that if we would build a parsonage, 
through the Church Building Society, 
and support a pastor through the 
Home Missionary Society, our own 
Mr. Moya, our first missionary and 
one of the most devout and influential 
men in all the Territory, would move 


to San Mateo and take up the work. 
We rejoiced in our "enlarged oppor- 
tunity." Soon, sustained by the: 
gifts and the prayers of our New 
York Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, we shall not only have a 
school and Sabbath School, but a 
church organization with an efficient 
minister in San Mateo, which Charles 
F. Lummis called just before our 
work opened, "the very darkest cor- 
ner in all the United States." 

The State President on the Path 

By Mrs. W. H. Nugent, 
President Minnesota State Union 

I AM going to write you, the travel 
journal of a state president. The 
journey has just begun, and I 
cannot tell any more than you, what 
will be the end. But just to watch the 
state presidents nod their heads know- 
ingly, and to let the other women of 
the land into such experiences, you 

shall see me, like the "waffle-man" 
who comes to our doors, make you a 
little cake, and you shall have it 
straight from the griddle. 

We have just left the city depot, 
and nodded a good-by to the rest of 
the family who, because he is only a 
city minister and not a frontier mis- 





sio.iary, desires to atone in any way 
he can, even to getting his own break- 
fasts for a week. All honor to the 
missionary women's families who 
cheerfully share their wives and 
mothers ! 

We have just passed through a 
Congregational town, where all I 
could do was look for the church 
steeple and pray that the women there 
would hold up their corner of the 
blanket. Wish I might have met 
some women there just to "sort of" 
exchanged burdens. 

The train is to stop fifteen minutes 

at S . I have written a lady there 

to meet me at the train. Will report 
later. — We are just pulling out of 

S . Mrs. A , whom I had never 

met, was there, sweet, good woman, 
mother of a large family, clerk of the 
church, chairman of all hard work 
committees, etc. For a little time she 
had been hindered by an all-absorbing 
dutv, when the Missionary Society 
promptly died. She begged me to 

stay and help her re-organize. This is 
the mission of a State Union, and I 
mean to go back some day. 

We changed cars at W , where 

I hoped to meet one of our conference 
directors. — Yes, I did, and two hours 
never went faster. Together we 
pored over the map of her district 
and talked of the possibilities of each 
auxiliary and wished that the ears of 
all the women there — no, rather the 
hearts would burn as we talked about 
them. If they only knew how we 
count upon them ! 

But now my mission changes. 
Whereas before, in each place, 1 have 
begged that they help, and do and 
give, now I am saying with all as- 
surance, "The women of this state are 
behind you with gifts and prayer. 
We want to help you." For my way 
has taken me through pine forests and 
lumber camps into the home of a 
frontier missionary. With him I am 
to have the privilege of visiting his 
"parish," a Sunday School just start- 
ed forty miles north of here, another 
one some hours (when you walk for 
lack of railroad or stage), in another 
direction. Somewhere else off in 
another county, we are to visit a 
Sunday School that has grown into 
a church, and so on. In each, I may 
say, "The Woman's Union is planning 
to help you this year." 

But this beautiful climax to my 
journey could never have been pos- 
sible if it had not been for the Mis- 
sionary Societies along the way, at 

S , and W , and everywhere 

•where women are praying and loving 
and giving. 

Who would not be part of a State 
Home Missionary Union ! 

Deeds the Test of Patriotism 

By Mrs. C. R. Wilson, 
President of Michigan State Union 

THE time of our annual National 
Thanksgiving has but recently 
passed. At this season of the 
vear the heart of the Christian, warm 

with a love of God, his conscience 
tender to listen to the appeal of the 
inner voice, turns the searchlight of 
privilege inward upon his soul to ask 




how he may show his gratitude to the 
Giver of all good, with whom is no 

No avenue for the outward expres- 
sion of this sacred desire is more at- 
tractive to the spirit than the great 
missionary enterprises of the Church. 
Realizing that among the many 
bounties He is daily giving us, none 
is so precious as the fellowship with 
our Heavenly Father, the ability to 
know that; 

"Closer is He than breathing, 
And nearer than hands or feet." 

We most gladly and gratefully seek 
to tell or to send the message of 
salvation to others who have not yet 
realized this exalted privilege. 

And so women all over our land 
have been holding their Thank-offer- 
ing meetings, bringing a gift addition- 
al to their regular pledges as a recog- 
nition of a year's providential care. 

Another and more sacred festival is 
approaching, the birthday of our 

What a happy thing it is to see old 
and young, rich and poor forgetting 
for a time all about self in the joy of 
remembering others. In this day of 
glad bestowal, shall we not put upon 
our list first of all the Christ-Child? 

The wife of one of our Congrega- 
tional college presidents once told the 
writer that she from a little child had 
been taught to put Christ first among 
the recipients of her Christmas re- 
membrances, and an offering for Mis- 
sions "in His Name" at this time 
made her very happy. 

Days of political, commercial and 
financial unrest occur and recur in the 
history of our country. In all crises 
of our lives, ought we not to ask our- 
selves in the solitude of our prayer 
closets, "What lesson is intended for 
me in this experience?" ,If we do this 
every occurrence in our lives should 
bring with it its blessing. We ought 
to ponder also every bright enjoyment 
to ask, "How shall I let this help me 
grow in grace?" 

Ought not all this to stir our 
patriotism? And what denomination 


should show Christian patriotism, if 
not ours ? Daniel Webster said, "The 
morning that beamed on the first 
night of their repose saw the Pilgrims 
already at home in this country. There 
were political institutions, and civil 
liberty and religious worship. Who 
would wish for other emblazoning of 
his country's heraldry, or other 
ornaments of her genealogy than to 
be able to say, that her first existence 
was with intelligence, her first breath 
the inspiration of liberty, her first 
principle the truth of divine religion ?" 

We women, want to safeguard these 
strong ancestral foundations of our 

In comparing methods, one state 
with another, we find we are working 
along similar lines, but it does us 
good to realize there are so many 
others solving the same problems, fac- 
ing the difficulties we ourselves are 


Southern California 






Nezv Jersey 
State Union Presidents 


South Dakota 


North Carolina 

Value of the State Union 

By Mrs. Catherine W. Nichols, 
President Emeritus, Minnesota State Union 

MINNESOTA is a large state, 
comparatively new, with a 
scattered population in which 
Congregationalism is not strong. 
Many of our 220 churches are small, 
some are still struggling for breath, 
some will fail and die. 

How comes it that our Minnesota 
Congregational women stand so well 
in the list of supporters of our benev- 
olences ? 

Our Home Missionary Superinten- 
dent looks to the women for a good 
share of all the money raised in our 
state for our own missionaries. We 
are well up in the list of the A. M. A. 
— right after the large givers of the 
older states. 

Our women and young people 
know about Porto Rico and Moor- 
head, Albuquerque and Piedmont In- 
ternational College and Schauffler 
Training School. How did we do it? 
The Woman's Home Missionary 
Union is responsible. 

Founded in 1872 as a "Cent So- 
ciety," by a woman from New Hamp 
shire, we came, the very next one 
after New Hampshire, to have a 
woman's state organization to care 
for Home Missions. In the natural 

process of evolution we came in time 
to be a Woman's Home Missionary 
Union. This has been the work of no 
one woman. The aim has been to in- 
terest many women. We have no 
large givers. It is the small gifts 
from many that have done the work. 
Our woman's missionary work has 
been the life of the interest in many 
of our churches. 

Our study of the various fields has 
given us a view of the Kingdom com- 
ing in our own day, before our own 

That is how a Woman's Missionary 
Union helps. It opens the world to 
our view. We see the stream pour- 
ing from the Old World to our new 
shores, and recognize the need of 
watchful and speedy help — and are 
ready to give it. 

The history of our land would have 
been darker than it is if it had not 
been for the forty or more Woman's 
Home Missionary Unions that Mrs. 
Caswell charmed" into being. They 
have made our women wise and alert 
to do good in our own land, to our 
own people and to the stranger with- 
in our srates. 


Our Day of Opportunity 

By Mrs. Rebecca P. Fairbanks, President Vermont State Union 

PERHAPS no word was more 
often repeated at the recent 
meetings at Cleveland, than 
"opportunity." I am sure that all 
women will agree that this is a day of 
opportunity such as we have never en- 
joyed before ; that we, women of the 
Home Missionary Unions, organized 
to help save our land for Christ, have 
special opportunities, and should be 
alert and ready to meet them. We 
may turn in any direction and work — 
work for our fellow-men is before us. 
Our service is needed, and it is our 
blessed privilege as women of the 
Congregational Churches to respond 
to these calls for work for distant 
lands, for the islands of the sea, and 
for the many and varied fields of the 
national societies to which we are 

auxiliaries. Such fields of oppor- 
tunity for service to "all sorts and 
conditions of men" are to be found in 
our Homeland. We know what they 
are ; I will not take space to enume- 
rate them. We hear much about 
"America as the hope of the world." 
Who is to fulfill that hope if Americans 
do not? Now let us get the full force 
of this fact and recognize that there 
is no people in all the world to take 
this responsibility from us. Amer- 
icans must Christianize America, if it 
is to be Christianized, and if through 
America the salvation of the world is 
to be hastened, it is for us to awake 
to a new sense of the responsibility 
and opportunity that is ours, and ac- 
cept the truth of the adage, "The re- 
ward of work wel! done is more 

Women's Organizations The 
Need and Opportunity 

By Mrs. Charles H. Small, President of the Ohio Union 

EFFICIENCY in civic, charitable 
and religious activities demands 
organization. The need of 
Women's Unions called them into be- 
ing. While there is a danger of over 
organization in religious work, there 
is a greater danger of under organ- 
ization. When we consider the com- 
parative lack of the masculine element 
in our church life, we realize that 
what is done in the way of spreading 
information and inspiring gifts, must, 
to some extent, be accomplished by 
the women. While we rejoice to 
notice that the men are becoming 
more and more aroused along mis- 
sionary lines, there is still too much 
truth in the words : 

"In the world's broad field of battle, in 
the bivouac of life, 

You will find the Christian soldier repre- 
sented by his wife." 

Since the women of the country 
have been guided into the State Home 
Missionary organizations, a large and 
constantly increasing stream of con- 
tributions have poured into the Home 
Missionary National treasuries, with 
no diminution of interest in, or of 
contributions to the foreign work. 
The Unions have proved their right 
to be, but we must still further 
demonstrate our right to exist as 
organizations for disseminating in- 
formation as well as agencies for col- 

It has seemed to me, that, if the 
state officers, or any interested wom- 
an would use the pages of this splen- 
did magazine as a clearing house for 
ideas and plans of work for Home 
Missions, we could double our 
own usefulness and increase, the 
circulation of our Home Missionary 
Magazine. The trouble seems to be 
that we all hesitate to rush into print, 

and our modesty inclines us to think 
that our individual or society ideas 
are not of sufficient value to merit 
publication ; but it is a lamentable mis- 

With the courage of my convic- 
tions, therefore, let me tell you one 
helpful thing that Ohio is doing. We 
are gathering a Union Circulating 
Library. Each local society is asked 
to contribute a dollar towards the pur- 
chase of books, and the money .is com- 
ing in. We are selecting the best and 
most up-to-date books on Home Mis- 
sions, we shall have a large library, 
which we will loan to the various so- 
cieties. They are buying the library, 
it is theirs, and it is expected that they 
will use it freely and we have no 
doubt that they will. More knowl- 
edge means more interest and 
more interest means larger gifts. 


How Iowa Does It 

By Mrs. D. P. Breed, 
President Woman's Home Missionary Union, Jozva 

THE Iowa Woman's Home Mis- 
sionary Union celebrated its 
twenty-first birthday at Grinnell 
last May. Mrs. Ephraim Adams, of 
blessed memory, says in a sketch 
of the first years of effort, "Woman's 
work for Home Missions in Iowa be- 
gan when the first Christian woman 
crossed the Mississippi to make her 
home in this new and pleasant land." 
It was in 1886, however, after "long 
and prayerful deliberation," that the 
real organization was effected. It 
has striven to be a faithful helper to 
the several National Missionary So- 
cieties of our churches in their work 
among the different races which are 
found in the homeland. The Union 
has aimed to reach and interest more 
than 23,000 women in our churches, 
in the great responsibility of "Chris- 
tianizing America," feeling that this 
must be done if we would finally 
Christianize the world. 

At our 21st annual meeting a note 
of joy and thanksgiving was struck 
which had never before been sounded. 
We had reached our aim ! During 
the year we had worked for $7,500, 
and our treasurer reported $7,515.32 
actually paid in. We sang the Dox- 
ology and voted "unanimously to make 
our aim for the new year $8,000! 

We are specially interested in 
Beach Institute and Pleasant Hill 
Academy, in the Southland, in Porto 
Rico and New Mexico, two fields so 
similar in some ways yet so far apart ; 
in Santee, the Schauffler Training 
School, and our Congregational 
Deaconess work ; in church building, 
as it is being exemplified in Des- 
Moines, where the only Congregation- 
al Church building for colored people 
in Iowa is being completed this 
month ; in Sunday Schools, in our own 
state and other needy fields ; and in 


the great work in Iowa and the 
regions beyond of the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society. We make 
use of every means possible. This 
year we are trying a pledge card, 
hoping to inspire our women with the 
thought of our privilege as "workers 
together with Him." We make great 
use of the literature provided by our 
National Societies, and prepare, our- 
selves, each year, something especial 
for the Easter thank-offering meet- 
ing. We have adopted the plan of 
meeting a full day before the State 
Association, instead of during the 
time, as of old, and recommend it 
most heartily. With one ivhole day 
undisturbed by meetings at another 
place at the same hour, we find our 
sisters enthusiastic enough, about 
woman's work for the homeland to 
give two forenoons to business after 




the sessions of the State Association 
have begun. 

The Executive Committee hold 
regular meetings the first Wednesday 
of each month. The state work is so 
divided among the members that we 
come into touch with all parts of it 
at that time. 

As a Union we of Iowa are very 
loyal to the Federation. We see a 
great future before it. We hope to 
see the day when Congregational 
women shall have a National Home- 
land paper of our own ; when every 
state shall come into the Federation, 

and when all together we shall work 
for the triumph of the Kingdom of 
our Lord. 

At" its last meeting the Iowa Union 
adopted the following covenant, and 
urged its use in our Societies : "God 
grant that loving and being loved, 
serving and being served, blessing and 
being blessed, we may grow into per- 
fectness of life as it is in Christ 
Jesus ; so may we show forth His 
glory to the advancement of the King- 
dom of God, in our own community, 
in Iowa, in the Homeland, and unto 
the uttermost parts of the earth." 

Mrs William H. Blodgett 

M. L. W. 

SEVEN years ago, on the platform 
at the Annual Meeting of the 
Woman's Home Missionary As- 
sociation, Mrs. Blodgett was introduc- 
ed as its new President. The name 
was unfamiliar to many in the mis- 
sionary world. Only a few in her own 
home church knew the value of the 
name presented. 

On October 28, 1907, when Mrs. 
Goodwin announced from that same 
platform that their beloved President 
had entered into rest, every head in- 
stinctively bowed ; some in reverence 
for the life that had been called home, 
others in gratitude for the work ac- 
complished, and many in sorrow for a 
personal loss. 

Her life teaches a distinctive lesson. 
Those who saw her only on the public 
platform were impressed with her re- 
markable insight into the various 
needs of the Association, her grasp of 
the whole situation, her gracious man- 
ner and unfailing courtesy, her ability 
to direct, guide and protect the in- 
terests placed in her hands. But to 
those who saw her more intimately 
and were privileged to share in the 
regular work of a large missionary 
society, three traits shine conspicuous: 

First. Her life stood pre-eminently 
for fidelity and trust; she was never 
late for an appointment and never 
absent when the roll was called ; never 
forgetful of small promises which 
were not lightly made and were al- 
ways carefully executed. 

Second. Her industry was unfail- 
ing. Her strength, her time, her 
personal services were never withheld 
from the smallest detail that contribut- 
ed to the success of an undertaking or 
the comfort of other people. 

Third. Her faith in the triumph of 
the good was unwavering. When days 
looked dark; methods seemed unsuc- 
cessful ; money was inadequate and 
the indifference of friends and the 
needs of the field seemed crushing, her 
voice always suggested: "We must 
not lose courage," and she never did. 
Even during the last month of great 
physical suffering, when words were 
impossible, she lived that same mes- 
sage of courage. "As the marble wore 
away the statue grew," and to-day her 
name is engraven on many hearts as 
one to whom the Master gave numer- 
ous gifts, which at the last were all 
dedicated to His service, and He called 
her home because He loved her. 

Why Have A National Federation 
For Congregational Women 

By Mrs. B. W. Firman 
President of the National Federation 

Blest be the. tie that binds, 
Our hearts in Christian love; 

The fellowship of kindred minds, 
Is like to that above. 

THE Federation is a tie that 
binds state organizations of 
Congregational women working 
for our Homeland, into fellowship 
with one another. The question 
which heads this article was 
asked by a lady at one of the Cleve- 
land meetings. Before the roll-call of 
the states, with messages from all 
parts of our land, had been completed, 
she arose and said, ''My question has 
been answered." She recognized that 
"fellowship of kindred minds" which 
has been made possible for the wom- 
en of our denomination through this 
tie that binds, — this National Federa- 
Before our Father's throne, 

We pour our ardent prayers; 
Our fears, our hopes, our aims are one, 

Our comfort and our cares. 

We unitedly pray to one Father. 
We unitedly have fears for the en- 
emies of righteousness that beset our 
dear Homeland. We unitedly have 
hopes for a bright day ahead in Home 
Missions. We unitedly aim to do all 
that we can (yea, more than we can 
"through Christ which strengthened 
us") for the bringing in of the King- 

And our "comforts and our cares" 
mean our successful happy experi- 
ences, and those cloudy times when 
the treasure books are closing with 
the balance the wrong way. 

We share our mutual woes, 
Our mutual burdens bear; 

And often for each other flows, 
The sympathizing tear. 

A few weeks ago the beloved 
President of the Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island Association passed on to 
the better land. When the news 
reached the Federation, through its 
president, it meant more because it 
was a death in che family circle. And 
when we realize that on the very day 
of the annual meeting at Park Street 
church, Boston, that dear leader was 
lying in her last long sleep, there 
"flowed the sympathizing tear" in 
many a distant state. "Our mutual 
burdens bear." In states where there 
are few Congregational women to 
work for our country, as well as in 
those of large constituency, one of 
the great burdens is how to interest 
women and children in missions. In 
the one case the faithful few are so far 
removed from large centres that they 
have trouble in holding out attractions 
for meetings ; while in the other case 
there are so many attractions in these 
many large centres that competition is 
hard to bear. Through the Federa- 
tion it is hoped to lift all our Congre- 
gational women up on to a higher 
plane than ever before, to a place 
where there need never be an apology 
offered for holding a Home Mission- 
ary meeting, but rather where it will 
be the thing to do — to apologize if one 
fails to attend. 

When we asunder part, 

Tt gives us inward pain; 
But we shall still be joined in heart, 

And hope to meet again. 

After the hand clasps from one 
ocean to another, after the exchange 
of thought, the good cheer, and all 
that comes from a big family party 
like our annual meeting, it does "give 




us inward pain"- when the trains puff 
out of the great station bearing us in 
such various directions, back each to 
her own particular problem. But, bless 
the thought ! We are not alone, we are 
still ''joined in heart and hope to 
meet again." 

So much for the fellowship side of 
the Federation. But there are other 
reasons for its being. This is the 
first organization which has ever 
bound together our Congregational 
women in a national way. The sec- 
retaries of our Home societies have, 
without exception, been cordial to this 
movement. It has created a medium 
through which, in future years, the 
women may become more systematical- 
ly helpful in raising money. Through 
the Federation it may be easier to ar- 
range for the training of the next 
generation in missionary ways. "In 
union there is strength," and when 
thirty or more organized states agree 
to try for certain definite things, it 
means more than if here and there a 
state says it will "do the best it can." 
Another strong reason why we should 
be federated is on account of our re- 
lation to other denominational bodies. 
In these days United Missionary 
Study and various other modern plans 
to promote interest in Home Missions, 
include all denominations. Before 
this Federation was formed we Con- 
gregationalists were embarrassed in 
entering these broad movements. We 
had no centralization ; our links, the 
various states, were not joined in a 
chain, as one state president expressed 

Lastly, in reply to the question 
often asked by some member of a 
local auxiliary, "How does this Fede- 
ration affect my little Society ?" Only 
in proportion to the amount of in- 
terest you take in your state work. 
The Federation cannot touch in- 
dividual members of individual aux- 
iliaries, per se. But through the state 
organizations it hopes to indirectly 
help and stimulate all who really want 
help. The trouble is the lack of per- 
sonal responsibility. If every woman 
could for a little while feel the burden 
of saving America settle down on her 
heart, she would set to work to find 
out what was being done about it. 
She would see to it that she became 
an interested and interesting member 
of some missionary society and she 
would find out why that society did 
not send a delegate to the State meet- 
ing. Maybe she would offer to go her 
own self and then her eyes would be 
opened to the number of other women 
in her own State who want America 
saved. And when she heard the presi- 
dent tell about the Federation, she 
would realize as never before, that her 
state was only one star in the flag. 
And because of this very fact she 
would resolve that she, "in her small 
corner," would faithfully try to help 
keep all the stars bright. 

Will you try ? Why have a Nation- 
al Federation? Have it in order that 
"Loving and being loved, blessing and 
being blesed, serving and being serv- 
ed, we may grow into the likeness of 
Christ, and show forth His glory for 
the salvation of the world." 

Editor's Outlook 

The Treasury 

THE following table shows the re- 
ceipts of the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society for 
each of the seven months of the cur- 
rent fiscal year, and also a comparative 
table showing the receipts for the same 
period of time during the preceding 
fiscal year, 1906-07. An examination 
of these figures will show that there 
has been a gain to the treasury of 
nearly $1,300 in contributions; of a 
little more than $2,000 in interest 

tions to The Home Missionary and 
from invested funds, from subscrip- 
from the sale of literature, and a gain 
of nearly $24,500 in legacies, making 
a total advance over the correspond- 
ing period of the previous year of 
$27,869. All this is encouraging. We 
trust that the figures express the re- 
viving interest of the churches in the 
work of the Society and this purpose 
to meet the apportionment for Con- 
gregational home missions indicated 
bv the Advisory Board. This sum is 
$470,000 for the National Society and 
its Constituent States: 


April 12,182.98 

May 11,118.08 

June 6,646.96 

July 9.557-64 

August 3^96.93 

September 4.436.45 

October 8,303.28 


Interest and 
Home Missionary 











57,042.32 5.573-79 39,801.33 102,417.44 


Interest and 
Contributions Home Missionary Legacies 

April 9,443- 2 5 166.75 20,860.52 

May 11,667.37 2,218.89 1,950.00 

June............ 9,187.37 1,688.11 8,203.66 

July 7,129.16 2,220.85 10,029.61 

August 4-545-64 546.56 9,04911 

September 5,977-46 617.52 12,103.35 

October 10,381.35 205.45 2,094.79 

58,331.60 7,664.13 64,291.04 

Gain — Contri bution s 

Gain — Interest, 




Total Gain 
Gain — Legacies 




Our Noble State Unions 

WOMAN'S work for Home 
Missions began early. It was 
in 1800 that fourteen women 
in Boston, part of them Congrega- 
tionalists and part Baptists, organized 
the "Boston Female Society for Mis- 
sionary Purposes." At the end of the 
first year they had raised $150 for 
Home Missions, and a goodly group 
of local auxiliaries had sprung up in 
various parts of the state. New 
Hampshire followed in 1804, with 
"The Female Cent Institution," found- 
ed by Mrs. Elizabeth Kneeland Mc- 
Farland, whose portrait may be seen 
on another page, and whose splendid 
record is worthily celebrated by Mrs. 

Then for many years organization 
seemed to halt, while woman's help 
went gloriously forward in the form 
of personal relief to home missionaries 
and their families. In the eastern 
churches, thousands of Christian wom- 
en, with their consecrated needles, 
took part in, and are still carrying on, 
this blessed ministry, the money value 
of which, though never to be fully 
known, has approximated to the 
astonishing total of $3,000,000. A 
natural result of this widespread 
activity was to revive the instinct of 
organization and federation, which 
took form in 1880 in the creation of 
the "Woman's Home Missionary As- 
sociation," with official headquarters 
in Boston. Its proposed scope was 
that of a national society for women. 
But shortly before this date Minnesota 
had organized a "State Union," so- 
called, which the women of Alabama 
soon duplicated, and in less than five 
vears, ten western states had organ- 
ized under the same name, and sub- 
stantially the same constitution, and 
were seeking auxiliary relations with 
the. existing: national homeland so- 
cieties. Thus without contest or 
competition, the issue between a na- 
tional society for women and State 
Unions, with onlv auxiliary relations, 
was providentially determined. The 
Home Missionary Society, and the 

American Missionary Association, 
created each a woman's department, 
with national secretaries, and during 
the twenty following years State 
Unions have multiplied to the number 
of more than forty. The Woman's 
Home Missionary Association and the 
Cent Institution of New Hampshire 
joined their sisters of the West and 
South, and to-day women's work for 
home missions presents a united front 
throughout the land. Within a few 
months these scattered state bodies 
have been confederated into a national 
organization, with marked harmony 
and enthusiasm, and with flattering 
prospect of usefulnesss. 

It is the privilege of The Home 
Missionary magazine for the first 
time, to introduce to each other, and 
to the churches, the faces of many of 
the presiding officers of these State 
Unions, and to wish for them, one and 
all, increasing influence and success. 
Speaking for ourselves, may we add 
the hope and belief that the Unions 
they represent are to have a noble 
share in raising the $470,000 ap- 
portioned by the National Council to 
the Home Missionary Society? 

The New Secretary 

IT is our privilege this month to in- 
troduce to her fellow-workers and 
to the churches at large, Miss 
Miriam L. Woodberry, the newly 
elected Secretary of the Woman's De- 
partment. This office has remained 
vacant since the retirement of Mrs. 
Broad, although its duties have not 
been neglected. At length we have 
the pleasure of welcoming to the place 
one who has been thoroughly proved 
in similar positions and who is splen- 
didly equipped by experience and per- 
sonal qualities to maintain the best 
standards of the past and to carry 
them, forward to grander victories. 

Fifteen years in the business of- 
fices of the Woman's Board and the 
Woman's Home Missionary Associa- 
tion, part of that time in the mission- 
ary field as well, have been a rare 
preparation for invaluable service in 




the National office of the Home Mis- 
sionary Society. With strong regret, 
yet most graciously, the Woman's As- 
sociation have yielded their claims to 
her labors as their Field Secretary. 
In their words of farewell the Di- 
rectors of the Association say: "It is 
only because we recognize the claims 
of the larger service that we feel that 
we can release her, and in bidding her 

God speed we pray that she may be 
as abundantly blessed in the new work 
as she has been in old, and that our 
loss may be the gain of the work of 
our Lord and Master throughout our 
beloved nation." The Home Mission- 
ary Society heartily appreciates the 
generous spirit of this surrender, and 
to the prayer of our Boston friends we 
respond with a cordial, "Amen!" 

Prayers Suited For Missionary Meetings 

OTHOU, who hast been the 
refuge of thy children in all 
ages past, be to-day our refuge 
and strength. Save us from such 
acts as would cause others to stumble, 
and may we never offend one of Thy 
little ones. Broaden our visions and 
sympathies till they include the wide 
world. Especially bless this, our own 
dear land, and may we have a joyful 
share in her redemption. Amen. 

OUR Heavenly Father, Bless and 
enlighten we pray Thee, all 
those the world over who knozv 
Thee not. Especially remember those 
coming to our shores seeking liberty. 
May they come to that full liberty that 
is found only in Thee, and may their 
eyes be opened to perceive those 
things ivhich are divine. May we and 
they follow after righteousness and 
true holiness, without ivhich no man 
shall ever sec God. Amen. 

<*P» JH» vH« 

JT^ JJ\* »?X** 

OGOD, who from Heaven dost 
look dozvn upon men and art 
ever ready to aid and bless 

their efforts in behalf of others, pros- 
per, we pray Thee, our efforts for our 
oivn country. The needs are great 
and the fields are white to harvest. 
Increase the number of faithful work- 
ers. Sustain those zvho for many 
years have toiled with earnestness and 
seal. Remember all our missionaries 
ztlio are preaching and teaching the 
Gospel and may there be an abundant 
rezvard to their labors. May we who 
arc largely blessed with the good 
things of life cheerfully sustain them 
in their efforts, that they and zve to- 
gether may share in the final triumph. 

OLORD, zvho in Thy goodness 
hast enlightened our under- 
standings, and zvho hast sur- 
rounded our lives with the constant 
gifts of Thy love, help us to feel our 
personal responsibility in making 
known to others the riches of Thy 
grace and the love Thou hast to all 
men. May none be too degraded or 
ignorant to seem to us beyond the love 
of God. But in gratitude for Thy 
gifts to us may zve spread the glad 
tidings, that this our own dear land 
max be redeemed unto Cod. Amen. 

Adequate Hospitality For The 
Incoming Millions 

By M. E. Eversz, D. D., Superintendent German Department 

I CONFESS, Mr. President, that 
the very wording of this theme 
won my heart. Hospitality, true 
hospitality, such as Christ would have 
His followers extend ; inspired by His 
own invitation to us all : "Come unto 
Me all ye that labor and are heavy 
laden and I will give you rest," 
strikes a responsive chord in every hu- 
man heart. I caught some intimation 
of its beauty when as a green German 
boy I learned to join in the refrain of 
the old song, "Come away, come away, 
make no delay, O, come from every 
nation and come from every land, for 
Uncle Sam is rich enough to give us 
all a farm." It did not stop to in- 
vestigate the stranger's pedigree, nor 
measure his muscle, nor his hat band, 
nor try to compute his value in dol- 
lars to the republic. It just saw in 
him a human needing, a better chance 
in life and with Divine optimism be- 
lieved that a better chance would 
make the sick well, and out of un- 
tutored strangers, good citizens. It 
seemed to hearten the Master's in- 
junction: "Freely you have received, 
freely give," and to believe Him, 
when He said, "Inasmuch as ye have 
done it unto the least of these, ye have 
done it unto me." 

And so they are coming, like 
Abram of old, and the children of the 
Pilgrims and Puritans seeking some 
better country. 

Are they to blame; if they come as 
they are, marked and often marred by 
early training and environment? Yet 
they come not as the Huns and Van- 
dals once swept over Europe, devas- 
tating and destroying, but with palms 
as their banners, and the fervid ap- 
peal for a better chance in life. 

Was God mindful of the sailing of 

the Mayflower, bearing her precious 
hundred, and is He unmindful of the 
sailing of the Lusitania and the 
Deutschland, bringing over their 
thousands ? 

Impossible ! His guiding hand is 
still upon us. This new invasion 
shall be for good or ill, according as 
we meet it. Hold fast to the funda- 
mental principles of God's Kingdom, 
breathe in its optimism and power, 
and like Joshua of old we shall yet 
learn by a glorious experience that 
"They are but bread for us." The 
German shall impart to the future 
American some of his thoroughness, 
his "gemuthlichkeit," and his glorious 
idealism and music; the Scandinavian, 
his religiousness and flexibility; the 
Irishman, his quick wit and good na- 
ture; the Italian, his frugality, in- 
dustry and love of the beautiful ; and 
even the supersticious Sicillian shall 

m. e. eversz, d. d 




help to restore to us some of our 
reverence, lost in the fierce struggle 
of competition. The best of all that 
come shall be combined in the future 
American ; a fitting reward of true 
Christian hospitality, and shall be the 
•consummation of the prophecy of 
Darwin and Spencer. 

What, then, are some of the el- 
ements needing emphasis to make our 
hospitality adequate ? 

1. It must make due account of 
their numbers, character and inevi- 
table influence. If London, Birming- 
ham and Berlin still have their mis- 
sionary problems, despite national de- 
pletion by war and emigration, how 
much vaster must our problem be, 
where the normal increase is aug- 
mented by a million a year, and now 
by a million and a quarter, and where 
even a Pentecostal gift of tongues 
would leave half of the people un- 

To trust to the leavening power of 
our American institutions, is folly, 
where immigrants settle in such mass- 
es that they create their own inviron- 
ment and atmosphere. Often pos- 
sessed of sad misconceptions of Chris- 
tianity, and chafing at its interfer- 
ences and burdens, the period of tran- 
sition is big with grave dangers. We 
are facing a problem such as no na- 
tion has ever been called upon to 
face before. Shall we have Italys and 
Bohemias and Polands without re- 
straining influences, and gone to 
seed? Or shall we have a glorious 
transfusion and development of all 
that is best in each, under the beneign 
rays of a live Christian church? 

The crisis is upon us. It is not to 
be met by a few dollars of conscience 
money. But the best brain of the 
church, inspired by love and backed 
by sacrifices, commensurate to the 
great work must be given. 

2. Our hospitality must be zvise 
and discriminating. To give a man 
the freedom of your city home, who 
has never seen a gaslight, may be a 
criminal carelessness, unless you first 
teach him how to use it. To gfive the 

ignorant immigrant the power to 
govern by the ballot, uninstructed as 
to its uses and dangers may be equally 
so. If our children and youth, native 
and to the manor born, must study 
civics, and civil government, how 
much more important for one who 
does not even understand our lan- 
guage, and who has had no experience 
in self-government? 

W r hy should not the state, and if 
not the state, then the Church put in- 
to the hands of every immigrant as he 
arrives a brief outline of our govern- 
ment, and of the sacred duties of the 
citizens, and require an examination 
upon these before he can be naturaliz- 
ed or be allowed to vote? Would it 
not exalt the value and importance 
of citizenship in his eyes, as well as 
make him more intelligent in its use? 

3. Adequate hospitality must be 
constructive. You cannot elevate- a 
people by disintegrating the family. 
Enticing the children away from par- 
ents, because it is supposed that noth- 
ing can be done with them, is a mis- 
take. God has planted us in families. 

Said a German to me, "You people 
try to entice our children away from 
us. Don't you think that we love our 
children as well as you do yours? 
Teaching them to break the fifth Com- 
mandment is not helping them. Do 
you think we could respect a Church 
that would steal our children in the 
name of Christ, and cooly leave us to 
go to destruction?" Possibly we may, 
as the writer in The Home Mission- 
ary suggests, sing and play and ice- 
cream the Sicillian child away from 
his parents and Church superstitions, 
but will that bring union into the 
Kingdom ? 

I commend the idea of our own 
Bushnell when he urges the "Ex- 
pulsive power of a new affection." 
Enlighten and guide the superstition 
of parent and child into right chan- 
nels, and it becomes reverence. If a 
proper recognition of the value in 
Eastern religions is essential to the 
best results in India and China, is 
there no lesson in this for us in deal- 


ing with the children of a degenerate 
Church ? 

4. Again adequate Christian hos- 
pitality must raise up leaders and 
teachers from the peoples themselves. 
I pleaded for adequate educational 
facilities nineteen years ago when I 
accepted this work. Experience has 
only deepened the conviction, that 
what we can lead a people to do for 
themselves, will be better and more 
effectively done. What is true of the 
European missionary in Japan and 
India is in a measure true here too. 
Human nature is after all ever the 
same. The training usually given in 
our colleges so educates the foreign- 
born student away from his people, 
that he loses his interest in and sym- 
pathy with his own people. He 
generally dares not give himself to 
them, and if he does, his ideals and 
habits of thought are so out of joint 
with them, that he loses in effective- 

Nor can we wisely apply the rules 
used in helping the young American 

into the ministry, to the foreign born 
youth. He is not as resourceful, 
usually comes from poorer families, 
which 'depend on him as a bread win- 
ner. The sacrifice is great, if he is 
released to study. To ask the family 
to support him in addition, is too great 
a hardship. It is neither Christian 
nor right. It results in a distressing 
deficiency in the ministry. 

5. Finally, adequate hospitality im- 
plies a more vigorous support of the 
German work. The figures given 
thereof in the last Home Missionary 
were evidently taken from Year Book 
of 1906, which gave the facts up to 
December 31, 1905. Nineteen hundred 
and six gives us a net gain of seven 
churches ; seven meeting houses were 
dedicated, four parsonages provided, 
while more than four hundred com- 
municants above all losses were re- 
ceived, and an increase of nearly 
$2,000 in benevolent contributions is 
reported, and all this with a decreased 
expenditure of $1,500, and without a 
sir of e o-eneral missionarv in the field. 

The Conference Delegate 

By Grace C. White, 
West BrookHeld, Massachusetts 

IN regular order it was the turn of 
the church at Gilbertledge to en- 
tertain the Annual Spring Con- 
ference. The place was not only 
central, but several trolley lines met 
there, making it especially accessible : 
The church was strong and had a 
reputation for furnishing remarkably 
good conveniences and entertain- 
ment ; besides these considerations 
five new ministers had come into the 

Already the committee on lodgings- 
had received the names of sixty who 
wished for such hospitality and were 
arranging therefor, and with the 
table committee, would finish their 
soliciting when they had been to- 
Deacon Brewster's district. 

Betty, gathering a bunch of narcis- 
sus in the yard, saw them driving in 
and met them at the carriage. 
"Certinly, you can send one or four 
Conference since its last meeting, and delegates to us," she answered cheer- 
an unusually large attendance was ex- ily to the rather disheartened appeal 
pected. of the lodging committee. "We have 

It was customary to entertain over four rooms we can spare to them, and 
night the minister and one delegate I had as lief get breakfast for four 
from each church, in order that each extra as for one." "Send four out 
church should be represented during here !" exclaimed Mrs. Morton. "How 
the two days' session, and also to en- lovely !" "You are almost the first 
tertain all others who could not easily one we have asked that hasn't looked 
return to their homes for the night. a little worried over the thought of 





"Don't do so much for them that 
you can't do anything for us!" said 
Mrs. Tabor in some alarm, "we are 
planning for chicken-pie the first day 
and counted on one from here. There 
will be another kind of pie for the 
second day. There will be two hun- 
dred to feed if there are sixty to 
lodge." "You shall have them," said 
Betty, with that rare smile that made 
some people call her Glorious Betty. 

"It seems wrong to ask you to do 
anything, so busy as you are," said 
one of the ladies, "but you've spoiled 
us in the past with your ready 
generosity and good cooking, and we 
can hardly get along without it now." 

"Isn't she glorious?" said Mrs. 
Lamb, as they drove away. "She is 
so refreshingly well and cordial ; no 
matter how hard things have gone, if 
you see Betty Brewster, the burden 
seems less." 

"Who would imagine to see her," 
said another, "what a strain she has 
had in having both her father and 
mother so sick at the same time." 

"We shall all have a part in the 
Conference, if we can't be there !" 
said Betty gaily as she came in to tell 
the invalids about the delegates and 
the pies. "The delegates will bring 
home such full accounts that we shall 
all feel as if we had been there, and 
I will try to have the pies so good 
thev will imagine vou made them, 

Betty had asked that if Mrs. Prof. 
Mason came as a delegate from the 
Whitton Church she should be assign- 
ed to her, as a friendship had long ex- 
isted between them ; and the night be- 
fore the Conference. Mrs. Mason 

It was so good to be with them all 
again, that it was late before she and 
Betty separated for the night. Per- 
haps half an hour had passed when 
Mrs. Mason, between whose room 
and Betty's was a closet into which 
both rooms opened, heard a voice, in- 
tense in its earnestness. She was in- 
stantly alert. Betty was praying, and 

such a prayer, so natural and direct, 
so lovingly intimate in its confidences. 
She heard the tender entreaty for the 
restoration of her parents, that each 
day might bring the joy of seeing 
them grow stronger, that the disap- 
pointment to her father in not being 
in his usual place as Moderator of the 
Meeting might be changed to cheerful 
acquiescence. And then she prayed 
for herself. Not for more grace, but 
that she might be so upheld that no 
outward evidence of her bodily fa- 
tigue should be apparent to the in- 
valids, that skill in managing the 
out-of-door interest might be given 
her; then came the remarkable peti- 
tion for success in preparing the food 
for the Conference, and lastly came 
the petition for such unfailing cheer- 
fulness that no one might suspect how 
much she had longed to go. 

The voice ceased. Never had a 
prayer so thrilled the listener with the 
sense of communion with God, and 
the laying before Him of cares which 
were too complex to carry without 
Him. Here was the revelation of 
that secret of Betty's ability to carry 
forward successfully that which came 
to her to do. 

After breakfast, Mrs. Mason fol- 
lowed her friend into the kitchen de- 
termined to have a word with her at 

"Betty," she said, "if all the dele- 
gates that come here have had as re- 
freshing a night as I had last night, 
thev will agree that 'it is good for us 
to be here.' " 

The surprised look on her friend's 
face made her add : "I have a con- 
fession to make. Our doors must 
have been ajar last night for I heard 
you praying ; and, because I never 
heard a praver like it and because I 
felt myself filled with a blessed peace, 
I listened, fearing I should lose a 
word, and through that prayer I 
have received a greater blessing, — No, 
Bettv ! don't say a word — a greater 
blessing than any Conference ever 
brought me, and I want to stay and 
take care of the invalids and make 




that chicken-pie, while you go to the 

Betty's face was beautiful in its 
surprise and embarrassment as she 
said, • "I have no longing this morn- 
ing to go, and it would not do for 
you, the reporting delegate, not to at- 
tend the Conference. What would 
the other delegates think of such an 
un-orthodox proceeding ?" 

"I am the only delegate from 
Whitton, and when Mr. Mackley does 
not find me on the train, he will con- 
clude that I am unavoidably delayed ; 
and as for the others you entertain 
they won't know I am a delegate. 
That objection is gone. Your father 
and mother will be quite willing to 
trust me, and with your mother's 'ad- 
vice and counsel,' you will find I can 
send down as good a chicken-pie as 
anybody need to have." 

"It will be beautiful if father and 
mother are quite willing," said Betty, 
as delightedly accepting the gift of 
opportunity as Mrs. Mason had of- 
fered it. 

. Deacon Brewster and his wife 
were enthusiastic in their approval of 
the plan, and Betty, glorious in her 
confidence in Mrs. Mason and antici- 
pation of the meeting, went out for 
the first time in many weeks. 

It was only when the roll-call of 
ministers and delegates was called and 
Mr. Markley alone responded, that 
Betty felt a momentary misgiving, 
hut this passed to amusement when 
the table committee, amazed to see 
Tier there, sent a hurried note by the 
usher asking if they were going to 
have her chicken-pie. 

The committee had not over- 
estimated the attendance. At supper 

the tables were more than full, so 
Betty relieved them by taking her 
delegates home with her for the 
mutual pleasure there was sure to be 
in the acquaintance with her parents 
and Mrs. Mason. 

The Conference was over. To Bet- 
ty it had brought a rare experience. 
Never before had she drank so deep- 
ly of the joy a true friend can bring. 

To Mrs. Mason had come an ex- 
perience that would make life richer. 

"What will you do about your re- 
port for the church?" asked Betty a 
bit anxiously. "Make it," said Mrs. 
Mason laughing. "You brought it 
all home to us in a way that is better 
than any notes I could have taken. 
Afterwards, I'll tell them that I at- 
tended by proxy, and that is the rea- 
son why my report is unusually full 
and rich." Betty gasped but the car 
was coming and nothing more could 
be said. 

At the Friday evening meeting 
where the report was to be given, Mr. 
Markley sought Mrs. Mason, troubl- 
ed about there being no report; but 
the delegate assured him it would be 
all he could desire, and her pastor 
wondering did not question. 

It was indeed an unusually full re- 
port, but at the close, interest turned 
to wonder when Mrs. Mason told 
them she had personally not attended, 
"but," she continued, "let me pass on 
to you the blessing I received in the 
awakening to what it is for one to be 
intimate with God." 

Ask Mr. Markley about the revival 
in Whitton and he will tell you that it 
was Mrs. Mason's awakening that 
awakened the whole church. 

Appointments and Receipts 


October, 1907. 

Andrewson, S. M., Clintonville, Navarino and 
Leeman, Wis. 

Bates, Francis W., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Benedict, Arthur J., Tombstone, Ariz. 

Bond, Andrew, Ontario, Ore. 

Burgess, Edmund J., Pond Creek, Okla. 

Cleveland, Henry C, Ironside, Ore. 

Coats, Martin D., Kingfisher, Okla. 

Coffin, Joseph, Calcasien Parish, La. 

Dazey, Jonathan C, Verden, Okla. 

Douglas, Alex., Sentinel Butte, No. Dak. and 
Wibanx, Mont. 

Dreisbach, Chas. H., Chelsea, So. Dak. 

Eaves, George, Birmingham, Ala. 

Eggers, Charles, Mahnomen, Minn. 

Gilbert, Thomas H., Meadows, Idaho. 

Greenfield, A. N., Baltimore, Md. 

O-egory. Alfred E., Bonesteel, No. Dak. 

Hanna, John L., Hettinger, Gilstrap and Hendley. 
No Dak. 

Head, Wm. H., Maltby, Wash. 
-:'d, Frank. Hickman, Mills, Mo. 

Hill, Chas. L., Freedom, Minn. 

Hindley, George, Helena, Mont. 

Henric'kson, Tohn M., DuBois, Penn. 

Hyden, G. D.. Pleasant Valley, Wash. 

T ackson, D. G.. Texline, Tex. 

HOME MIS Recpts— Dec G 2 

Kirker, James K., Dogden, No. Dak. 

Kochendoerfer, Alois, Traer, Kan. and Fort Mor- 
gan, Colo. 

Lamonds, A., Spier, Ala. 

Lansbrough, John F., Granville, No. Dak. 

Ledyard, H. C, Iowa and Manchester, La. 

Leeds, Paul, Kinder, La. 
_>ewis, F. C, Green River, Wyo. 
i^yo-is, E. Chas., Minneapolis, Minn, 
jicuoy, C. C, Vinton, La. 

aier, Karl K.. Blue Grass, No. Dak. 
Mitchell, D. D., Brush Creek, Knife River, etc.,. 

No. Dak. 
Moya, J. M., SanMateo, Cubero and Seboyetta, 

N. M. 
Vissen, Niel, Okarche, Okla. 
Owen, G. D., Pennington, Wash, Vesta and 

Creston, So. Dak. 
Pinkerton, H. M., Grand Marais, Minn. 
Reece, E. J., Gardner and Rose Valley, No. Dak. 
Reed, Marion D., Weatherford, Okla. 
Robinson, L. W., Butte Co., So. Dak. 
Scroggs, J. D. W., D. D., Okarche, Okla. 
Shattuck, Angelo E., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Simmons, Wm. B., Enid, Okla. 
Siuks, Perrv W., Tampa, Fla. 
Smith, 1. A. Gage, Okla. 
Smith, J. C, Provo, Utah. 
Stenerson, Vernon E., Pilgrim and Mission Sta., 

No. Dak. 
Stone, O. B., South West, La. 
Sullens, Arthur J., Gary, Ind. 
Thomas, J. J., Section, Ala. 
Tre Fethren, E. F,., Waubay, So. Dak. 
Van Auken, Howard R., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Woth, Friedricb, Grand Island, Neb. 
Warren, B. A., Sherburn, Minn. 
Weatherby, Wade H., Grand Saline, Tex. 
Wiley, Horace S., Drake, No. Dak. 
Wyland, B. F., Keystone, Hermosa and Heyward* 

So. Dak. 


October, 1907. 

MAINE— $iSS.03. 

Maine Miss. Soc, W. P. Hubbard, Treas., 
100.03'; Buckfield, Miss A. H. Prince, 2; Farm- 
i.igton, R. A. Clapp, 1 ; Groveville, Mrs. J. M. 
Hill, t; Portland, Philip Smith, 75.50; South 
Berwick, S. S., 8.50. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE— $248.44. 

Brookline, Ch. and S. S., 4.48; Deerfield, 10; 
Manchester, First, 186.27; Milford, R. Converse, 
1 ; New Hamp. H. M. Soc, A B. Case, Tr., 
13.69; New Ipswich, "Children," 7; Plainfield, 
Mrs. S. R. Baker, 5; Sunafree, Mrs. Geo. IT. 
Bartlett, 5 ; Walpole, Mrs. C. B. Holmes, 5 ; 
Weirs, Ellen Beede, 1 ; West Rindge, A Friend, 

VERMONT— $51.99. 

Barton Landing and Brownington, 23.10; 
Proctor. Mrs. B. F. Manley, 1 ; Rochester, 3.62 ; 
Swanton, S. S., 10: Waterbury, 8.07; Wilming- 
ton, 5.20; Mrs. H. F. Barber, 1. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $4,388.44; of which legac- 
ies, $1,613.25. 

Massachusetts H. M. Soc, Rev. J. Coit, Treas. 
Estate of J. O. Proctor, 500 ; Allston, Mrs. E. 
L. Buttrick, 2; Amesbury, Union, 9; Amherst, 
Miss M. L. Dana, 1 ; L. D. Hills, 25 ; Andover, 
3. S.. of South, 10; A Friend, 2.50; Boston, 
Henry A. Johnson, 25 ; J. N. Smith, 25 ; E. 
Josephine Wilcox. 10 ; Boxboro, Mrs. H. O. 
Bragg, 3; Boxford, 1st, S. S., 15; Bridgewater, 
A. Radzanwoski, 3 : Buckland, Mrs. N. E. Howes, 
.50; Byfield, 8: Chicopee, M. C. Hollister, 1; 
Danvers, O. L. Carleton, 2 ; Dorchester, 2nd, 
nfi.39; East Bridgewater, A. C. Packard, 5; 

Easthampton, Mrs. L. A. Meserve, 1 ; Falmouth. 
1st, 38.50; Greenfield, Mrs. E. L. Stone, 5; Hali- 
fax, Mrs. Maria S. Thompson, 5; Hampshire, Co., 
Zeta, 22 ; Haverhill,- A Friend, 1 ; Holbrook, Win- 
throp, 10.87; Hubbardstown, Mrs. S. D. Stow, 
15; Lancaster, Mrs. B. F. Wyman, 5; Lawrence, 
C. F. Prescott, 1.75; Leominster, F. A. Whitney. 
115; Lowell, Jacob Rogers, 50; Manchester, 
Julius F. Radberdy, 5; Mansfield, 19.03; Mat- 
tapan, John A. Tucker, 2; Millbury, 2nd, 21.92; 
Geo. A. Putnam. 2; Mittineague, 25.45; Munson, 
Emily J., Chapin, 5 ; Newburyport, Mrs. S. W. 
Little, 3 ; Miss E. A. Jackman, 2 ; Newton, 1st, 
53.84; C. C. Stearns, 5; Newtonville, A. E. Wy- 
man, 25 ; North Brookfield, Estate of Walter H. 
Howe. 110.25; Palmer, L. H. Gager, 100; Peters- 
ham, C. E., 20; Plymouth, Estate of A. Holmes, 
2.50; Prescott, Delia P. Allen, 5; Raynham, Mrs. 
1 ». K. Wilbur, 2; Rochester, A Friend, 1; Rut- 
land, Mrs. M. L. Miles, 1 ; Salem, Mrs. A. Y. 
Bigolow, 5; Sophia O. Driver, 4; A Friend, 25; 
Shelburne Falls, J. R. Foster, 5 ; Somerville, 
Mary C. Burckes, 1 ; Miss M. C. 
Southampton. 14.14; Southbridge, 
Deerfield, Mrs. L. M. Smith, 5 ; 
Stowell, 2 ; Spencer, Mrs. M. T. 
Mrs. S. A. Temple, 25 ; Springfield, Hope, Y. P. 
S. C. E., 10; South, 30.45; C. W. Kilhon, 1; 
Sturbridge, First, 13; Taunton, Mrs. F. .T 
Farmsmouth, 2 ; M. A. Montgomery, 1 ; C. M. 
Rhodes, 50; Topsfield, M. Todd, 2: Townsend, 
Estate of Walter T. Ball, 1,252.98: Walpole, 2nd. 
S. S.. 11: West Medway, Mrs. Sarah P. Clark, 
t • West Somerville, 27.98 ; Williamstown, Frank- 
lin Carter. 60 ; Worcester. Estate of James White. 
250.02; Pilgrim, 77.71; Union. 25; Miss A. C. 
Cornell, 5 ; James Logan. 35. 

5.66; South 
Miss J. A. 
Hunter, 1 ; 




Woman's H. M. Asoc, Miss E. A. Smith, 
Asst. Treas., 800; Boston, 294. Total, $1,094. 

RHODE ISLAND— $147.39. 

Elmwood Sta., S. J. Gilman, .50; Newport, 
Pax., 5; Pawtucket, S. S., 10; Providence, Cen- 
tral, 131.89. 

CONNECTICUT— $1,988.99; of which legacy, 


Missionary Soc. of Conn., Security Company, 
Treas., 292.57; Bristol, Mrs. C. H. Matthews, 1; 
Miss O. R. Sheldon, 2; Chester, Mrs. M. A. 
Brooks, 4; Collinsville, C. E., 15; Columbia, Mrs. 
M. L. Fuller and Mrs. M. E. Johnson, 3 ; Con- 
necticut, A Friend, 500; Danielsonville, H. L. 
Kingsbury, 5; Darien, 1st, 46.15; J. C. Mather, 
2; Derby, A. B. Chidsey, 2.75; East Hampton, 
E. D. Barton, 1 ; Ellington, Mr .& Mrs. Carlos 
Bradley, 2 ; Fairfield, Julia F. Burr, 1 ; Franklin, 
6.2$ ; Glastonbury, Mrs. D. W. Williams, 100; 
Greenwich, 2nd, 127.86; Sarah M. Mead, 1; "In 
Memoriam," 5 ; Guilford, E. J. Knowles, 2 ; Hart- 
ford, Mrs. F. Howard, 1; M. W., 50; Harwinton, 
Estate of J. G. Bartholomew, 424.34; Jewett City, 
A Friend," 1 ; Meriden, Wm. H. Catlin, 25 ; M. 
A. Northrop, 1 ; Middletown, E. P. Augur, 8 ; 
Mrs. T. Gilbert, 1 ; Mrs. H. L. Ward, 5 ; Milford, 
Miss J. A. Carrington, 1 ; New Britain, South, 
50 ; New Milford, A Friend, 2 ; Northfield, Mrs. 
H. Morse, 5 ; Norfolk, C. E. Butler, 3 ; North 
Haven, Miss A. M. Reynolds, 15; Norwalk. Julia 
P. Wilson, 3; Norwich, C. Bard, 1; Park, 100; 
O. L. Johnson, 5 ; Mrs. Amanda M. Spalding, 5 ; 
Plainville, Mrs. J. E. Tillotson, 1 ; Pomfret, Miss 
A. Matthewson, 1 ; Shelton, 27.44 ; Southington, 
1st S. S., 0.93; Southport, Mrs. H. T. Bulkley, 
5 ; South Windsor, C. E. Soc, 3 ; Stamford, Mrs. 
E. B. Hist, 1 ; Stratford, Mrs. S. Blakeman, 4 ; 
West Hartford, Miss M. O. Richards, 10.50; 
Woodstock, 1st, 35. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. B. Thomson, 
Treas., 65. 

NEW YORK — $1,241.06; of which legacy, $7. 

Angola, A. H. Ames, 5 ; Batavia, Estate of P. 
L. Tracy, 7 ; Bouckville, A Friend, 3 ; Brooklyn, 
Central, 794.43* South, 84.75 ; A Friend, 30; 
Clinton, M. E. Fuller, 1; Mr. & Mrs. C. H. 
Stanton, 15; Fairport, Mrs. E. M. Chadwick, 5; 
Jamestown, Danish Norwegian, 5 ; Marietta, Mrs. 
Mary T. Frisbie, 10; Middletown, North St., 5; 
New York Citv. E. O. C, 100; K., 125; Louis 
Kloosch, 10; William L. Squire, .50; Otto, 7.2-;; 
Oxford, J. C. Estelow, 5 : Rodman, Mrs. C. B. 
Dodge, 2 ; Spencerport, Edna Barrett, 2 ; West 
Groton, 9.63; Warsaw, Mrs. M. A. Barber, 14.50. 

NEW TERSEY— $568.00. 

Plainfield, S. S./23. 

Woman's H. M. Union of N. J. Asoc, Mrs. 
W. E. Buell, Treas., 545. 

Pt^tv^ylvANIA— $34.00. 

Albion. Tst, 3; Dua'iesne, Friends, 17; Foun- 
tain Springs, 5 ; Philadelphia, Kensington, 5 ; 
Pittsburg, Swedes, 4. 

MARYLAND— $to.oo. 

Frederick, M. G. Beckwith, 10. 


Woman's H. M. Union of the N. J. Asoc, 
Mrs. W. E. Buell, Treasurer. Washington, Y. 
P. Union, 85. 

VIRGINIA— Si. 00. 

Hampton, M. T. Galpin, 1. 

Montreat,, A Friend, 5. 

GEORGIA— $60.55. 

Baxlev, Friendship, Mt. Olivet. Hunter. Anti- 
och & Surrency. New Home, 2; Bowman, Liberty, 
3.26: Cedartown, 1st, 2.50; Columbus, 1st, 2.*;o: 
Fairfax, Mt. Green, 2; Fort Valley. Society Hill 
and Powersville, 7.65 ; Gaillard, Pleasant Hill, 

3.60; Lifsey, Liberty, 3.25; Meansville, 6.10; 
Naylor, Pleasant Home, 1.25 ; Pearson, Union 
Hill, 8.64; Sarepta, Pleasant Union and Suches, 
Holly Creek, 1; Seville, Williford, 1.15; Way- 
cross, White Hall, 5 ; Wilsonville, Rocky Hill, 
6.50; Woodbury, 4.15. 

ALABAMA— $3.60. 

Central, Equality and Dexter, Balm of Gilead, 
2.10; Dothan, Newton's Chapel, 1; Tallassee, 1st, 

■ 50. 

LOUISIANA— $38.41. 

Hammond, S. S., 1.57; Roseland, 19.84; Welsh 
and Bayou Blue, 17. 

FLORIDA— $13.25. 

Bonifay, New Home and Caryville, New Ef- 
fort, .50; Chipley, Shilo, 2.50; Conant, Dr. C. E. 
W. Swan, 1 ; Cottondale, County Line, .25 ; In- 
terlachen, 1st, 1 ; Rev. S. J. Townsend, 5. 

TEXAS — $4.60. 

Farwell, 2.50; Pruitt, 1st, 2.10. 


Received by Rev. C. G. Murphy, Oktaha, 4.50 ; 
Lad. Soc, 5.55. 

OKLAHOMA— $11.81. 

Coldwater and Hillsdale, 2 ; Edmund, Bethel, 
4; Lawton, 1st, 5.81. 

OHIP— $133.40. 

Andover, 5; Cleveland, Danish Norwegian, 15; 
Garrettville, Mrs. B. N. Merwin, 10; Mansfield, 
Emma Bowers, 1 : Oberlin, H. B. Hall, 25 ; Rug- 
gles, 22.40; Toledo, Chas. T. Huntington, 5; C. 
H. Putley, 5; C. E. Tracy, 25; Windham, Mrs. 
Juliette S. Johnson, 20. 

INDIANA— $124.73. 

Indiana H. M. Soc, Rev. Chas. W. Choate, 

Brazil, C. S. Andrews. 5 ; Fort Wayne, Ply- 
mouth, 51.25; Indianapolis, Union, 45. Total, 

Michigan City, German Immanuel, 10; Ontario, 
1.36; Shipshewana, 2.12. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. D. Davis, 
Treas. Indianapolis, Union, 10. 

ILLINIOS — $q63-74; of which legacy, $50.00. 

Illinois H. M. Soc, J. W. Iliff. Treas.. 372.50. 
Received bv Rev. M. E. Eversz, D. D., Jefferson 
Park, German Trinity, 7 ; S. S., 2.06.' Total, 

Atkinson, 6.18; Aurora, Mrs. -J. H. Hall, 1; 
Jacksonville, S. S.. 3; Manteno, E. W. Hume, 1; 
Ottawa, D. H. Wickwire. 10; Pavson, L. K. 
Seymour, 100; Rockford. Floyd Smith, 1; Sand- 
wich, J. M. Steele, 10; Sycamore, Estate of Mrs. 
E. Wood, 50. 

MISSOURI— $20.85. 

Cole Camp, 19.85 ; St. Joseph, Miss L. R. 
Tupper, 1. 

MICHIGAN— $5.00. 

Saginaw, A. M. Spencer, 5. 

WISCONSIN— $15.68. 

Congregational Club, Milwaukee, 13; Maple 
Valley, Scand., 2.68. 

IOWA— $62.97. 

Iowa H. M. Soc, A. D. Merrill, Treas.. 54.97 ; 
Council Bluffs, G. G. Rice, 5 ; Grinnell, Miss 
Hostetter and sister, 1 ; Strawberry Point, Mrs. 
E. B. Newberry, 2. 

MINNESOTA— $290.70. 

Received bv Rev. G. R. Merrill. Felton, S. S., 
=; ; Grand Marais, 2; Mazeppa, 25; Minneapolis, 
Fremont Ave., 18.25 ' Pilgrim, 10 ; E. P. Stacy, 
50; L. H. Hallock, .D. D., 25; St. Paul, Olivet, 
16.65; Peoples, 23 ; Winona, W. H. Laird, 50. 
Total, $226.90. 




Biwabik, 6.60; Edgerton, 10.70; Freedom, 5; 
Grand Marais, United, 2 ; Granite Falls, 2.50 ; 
Mcintosh, 4; Minneapolis, Mrs. S. W. Robbins, 
20; North Branch. 1st, 2.50; Robbindale, 5; 
Water ville, 1st, 5.50. 

KANSAS— $56.62. 

Kansas H. M. Soc, H. C. Bowman, Treas., 
11.62; Alexander, Ger., 33; Kansas City, H. Bin- 
nian, 5 ; Lawrence, Rev. A. M. Richardson, 1 ; 
Wichita, Fairmont, 6. 

NEBRASKA— $128.03. 

Nebraska H. M. Soc, 41.67; Arlington, 4.36; 
Crete, Ger., 15; Germantown, Ger., 20; Hallam, 
Ger., 15; Steele City, 4; Stockham, Ger., 8; Sut- 
ton, Ger., 20. 

NORTH DAKOTA— $100.35. 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell, Kensal, 2; 
Niagara, Mr. & Mrs. D. McKillop, 10; Oberon, 
30; Payne, Mrs. G. A. Hall, 10; Valley City, 
Miss E. McKinney, 1. Total, $53. 

Carrington, 4.36; Hankinson, Jr. C. E. Soc, 2; 
Kensal, 7 ; Medina, 9.65 ; Overly, 2.36 ; Phoenix, 
Mayflower, 5 ; Wyndemere, 4. 

Woman's H. M. Union, No. Dakota, Mrs. E. 
H. Stickney, Treas. Colfax, Miss. Soc, 5 ; Fargo, 
Miss. Soc, 1.89; Wahpeton, Woman's Meeting 
of State Asoc, 6.09. Total, $12.98. 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $108.27. 

Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall, Canova, Rev. 
T. P. Reese, 1 ; Ft Pierre, 13.32; S. S., »33S- 
Total, 27.67. 

Beresford, .50; Bon Homme, 4.20; Carthage, 
Redstone and Glenview, 3.85; Eureka, German, 10; 
Lesterville. 2; Logan, 4.35; Myron, and Cres- 
bard, 2; Parkston, Germans, 25; Ree Heights, 
7.96; Tolstoy, 3.05; Tyndall, 9.35; Waubay, 8.34. 

COLORADO — $249.89. 

Denver, Prof. Philo C. Hildreth, 15; Flagler, 
3; Fountain, tst, 2.67'; Highland Lake, 7.50; 
New Castle, 1st, 19; Steamboat Springs, Euzoa, 
3.85; Rye, 1st, 14; Whitewater, Union, 1.12. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. L. D. Sweet, 
Treas. W. H. M. U., 35.99; Boulder, 4.83; Colo- 
rado City, 5; Denver, Second, 16.93; Harmon, 
3; Plymouth, 29.70; South Broadway, 5; Third, 
6.40; Fruita, 3: Greeley, .75; Longmont, 51.45; 
Montrose, 15; Pueblo, A Friend, 1.20; Rye, 5.50. 

Total, $183.75. 

WYOMING— $106.29. 

Cheyenne, 1st, 52.42; Jr. Miss Circle, 2.50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Miss Edith McCrum, 
Treas. Douglas, 14.37; Lusk, 15; Wheatland, 22. 
Total, $51.37- 

MONTANA— $61.00. 

Aldridge, Dr. W. P. Reynolds, 5; Great Falls, 
1 st, 40. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. S. Bell, Treas. 
Columbus, W. M. Soc, 6; Helena, W. M. Soc, 
10. Total, $16. 

UTAH— $11.00. 
Park City, 1st, n. 

IDAHO— $12.00. 

Lewiston, Pilgrim, 12. 
CALIFORNIA (North)— $5.00. 

Martinez, Edson D. Hale, 5. 

CALIFORNIA (South)— $510.00. 

Pasadena, 1st 5 ; A. H. Keese, 5 ; Santa Paula, 
Nathan W. Blanchard, 500. 

OREGON— $2700. 

Beaverton. German, A. Reichen, 10 ; McMinn- 
ville, W. H. Adair, 5; Portland, Mrs. M. D. 
Kelsey, 2; Salem, Central, 2.50; Willard, 2.50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. F. Clapp, 
Treas. Forest Grove, L. M. S., 5. 

WASHINGTON— $784.01. 

Washington H. M. Soc, Rev. H. B. Hendley, 
Treas. W. H. M. U., 6.20; Endicott, 38; Sylvan, 
10. Total, 668. 

Beach, 1st, 12; Granite Falls, Ch., C. E. 10; 
Puyallup, Plymouth, 2; Ritzville, Selems, German, 
5; Roy, 41; South Bend, 1st, 20; Tolt, 1st, 24; 
Wallula, 1st, 2.01. 


Contributions $10,381.35 

Legacies 2,094.79 


Interest 33-75 

Home Missionary 101.79 

Literature 69.91 

Total $12,681.59 



Receipts in October, 1907. 

Alvin B. Cross. Treasurer, Concord. . 

Bartlett, 6: Campton, 5.83; Durham, 9.94; 
Franklin, 40.65 : Meredith. 5 ; So. Merrimack, 
6 ; New Castle, 3; Plymouth, 16; Salisbury, 4.25; 
E. Sullivan, 3.66; Sullivan, 2.10; Webster, 11.51. 
Total. $113.04. 


Receipts in October, 1907. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer, Boston. 

Acton, 8.24: So. S. S.. T.28; Andover, Ballard- 
vale, 31.24; Seminary Ch., 153.05; Rev. E. C. 
Torrey, 5; Amherst, No. 20; Ashfield. 13.67; 
Ayer, isr. S S., 1.50; Beverly, Dane St., 171; 
Boston, Friend, 50; F. E. Emrich, 25; Park St., 
84: Roxbury. Eliot, 161.60; Highland, 112.96; 
Dorchester, Village. 15; Roslindale, 30; Brock- 
ton, Campello, 6; Porter, S. S., 10; Brackett 
Fund. Income of, too; Brookfield, No.. Mrs._ J. 
C. Whiting, for annuity, 1,500.06; Brookline, 
Harvard, 55.42; Cambridge. Pilgrim, q.94; Erv- 
ing, 1.06; Essex, 17.06; Fitchburg, Finn, 9.12; 
Gardner, 1st, 150; General Fund, Income of. 

91.50; Gill, 10; Gloucester, Bethany, 27; West, 
7.57; S. S., 5; C. E., 2; Greenfield, 2nd, 36.36; 
Greenwich, Village, 20; Lad. Aux., 14.25; Gurney 
Fund, Income of, 6 ; Hardwick, Gilbertville, 75 ; 
Holyoke, 1st, 26.49; Lanesboro, 5; Leominster, 
No., 21.50; C. E., 2; Longmeadow, 1st, Benev. 
Assoc, 69.65; Ludlow Center, 1st 15; Lynn. 
Central S. S., 20.49; Maiden, Linden, 15; Marsh- 
field Hills, 2nd, n. q8: Methuen, 1st, 13.10; Mon- 
terrey, 2 ; New Bedford, Estate of Mrs. Jennie 
W. Gibbs, 100; Newbury, 1st, 28; Newton, Au- 
burndale, 27.71; Eliot, 90; 1st, 44.34; Newbury- 
port, Essex No. con., 31.52; Northfield, East, 
1350; Palmer, Three Rivers, 4.50; Pepperell, 
30.25; Pomona, Fla., Pilgrim, 4; Quincy, Wash- 
ington St., 5: Reed Fund, Income of, 125; Read- 
ing. 37.50; Rollins Fund, Income of, 20; Rock- 
port, Pastor's Class, 24.25 ; Prim. S. S., 3.75 ; 
Sisters' Fund, Income of, 80; So. Hadley, 15.70; 
Spencer, Friend, no; Springfield, Hope, 36.80; 
Olivet, 14.50; So. Sudbury, 7.46; Townsend, 24,- 
=7; Wall Fund, Income of, 48; Walpole, 10; 
Warren, 1st, S. S., 10: Westboro. 73.61; S. S.. 6; 
West Boylston, 14; West Brookfield, 6.50: Whit- 
comb Fund, Income of, 58.50; Whitin Fund. In- 
come of. 300; Whitman, 11.25; Williamstown, 
White Oaks, 8.25 ; Winchester, Estate of Lucy 
B. Johnson, 78.40 : Woburn, Lad. Charitable 
Reading Soc, 30; Worcester, Finn, 6.25; Pied- 
mont, 3. 

Woman's Home Miss. Assoc, Miss Lizzie D. 
White, Treas. Salaries, American International 




College, 70 ; Italian worker, 40 ; Greek worker, 
200 ; Braintree, Lad. Aux., 2.75. 


Regular $4,781.20 

W. H. M. A 312.7S 

Home Missionary 2.00 

Total $5,095-95 


Receipts in October, 1907. 

J. William Rice, Treasurer, Providence. 

Newport, United, 56.68;. Pawtucket, 60; 
Providence, Beneficent, 80.71; 45.78; Plymouth, 
20; A. B. Cresty, 15: Union, 100. Total, $378.17. 


Receipts in October, 1907. 

Security Company Treasurer, Hartford. 

Bristol, 1st, 73.28; Swedish, 3; Cheshire, 21.16; 
Eastford, 12.70; Exter, Lebanon, 12.54; Glaston- 
bury, 26.40; Haddam Neck, Special, 1; Hampton, 
Henry Clapp, 12; Hartford, 1st, Ch. of Christ, 
55-78; 1st, 25; Kensington, Special, 15; Man- 
chester, 2nd, 128.89; C. H. M. S., 128.89; Mt - 
Carmel, Special, 15.54; Plainfield, 10; Plantsville, 
76.59; Ridgefield, C. E., 12; Rocky Hill, S. S., 
11.74; Special, 21; Salisbury, 1.15; Southport, 
Special, 42.37; South Windsor, 2nd, Wapping, 
24.15; Suffield, towards L. M„ 20.14; West 
Haven, 7.70; Winsted, 77-54; Woman's C. H. M.. 
Union, Special, 165. Total, $1,000.56. 

Undesignate d $708.77 

Designared . 291.79 

Total $1,000.56 


Receipts in October, 1907. 

Rev. C. H. Small, Treasurer, Cleveland. 

Akron, West, 56; Ashland, 21.92; Austinburg, 
1.23; Barberton, 9; S. S., 19.20; C. E,. 5; 
Cincinnati, North, Fairmount, S. S., 2.77 ; Storrs, 
2.50; Columbus, North, 17.40; Eagleville, 6.39; 
Elwood, Ind., L. M. S., 5 ; Elyria, First, 49.25 ; 
Fairview, Ky., S. S., 3.50; Huntsburg, 5; Kent, 
12.88; Ludlow, Ky., 2; Madison, 25.67; Oberlin, 
First, 45.76; Second, 20.64; Secretary Pulpit 
Supply, 24; Toledo, Washington St., 6.50; West 
Andover, W., 4. Total, $345.61. 

From Ohio Woman's Home Miss. Union, Mrs. 
George B. Brown, Treasurer, Toledo, Ohio, 
October, 1907. 

Akron, First, Y. L., (S), 3.78; W. M. S., (S), 
7; West, W. M. S., 14.60; Alexandria, W. M. S., 
2.50; Alexis, W. W., 5; Andover, W. M. S., 10; 
Ashland, W. M. S., 4-75; Ashtabula, 2nd, W. M. 
S., 21; Aurora, C. E., 1.40; Austinburg, W. M. 
S., 12; Barberton, W. M. S., 5; J. C. E., .50; 
Bellevue, W. M. S., 6.50; Belpre, W. M. S., 14; 
Berea, L. M. D., 5; Berlin Heights, W. M. S., 
1.40; (S), 1.40; Brownhelm, W. M. S., 3.10; 
Burton, W. M. S., 3.20; Personal, 5; Ceredo, 
W. Va., W. M. S., 2.25; Chagrin Falls, L. A., 
5; Chardon, W. M. S., 6; (S), 2; C. E., 3; 
Charlestown, W. M. S., 1 ; Cincinnati, Old Vine, 

W. M. S., 1.65; North Fairmount, W. M. S., 1; 
Storrs, C. E., 5; Walnut Hills, C. E., 5; Claridon, 
W. M .S., 3.28; Clarkfield, W. M. S., 1.40; Cleve- 
land, Archwood, W. M. S-, 5.25; Bethlehem, W. 
M. S., 3-40; E. Madison, W. M. S., 8.40; Euclid, 
W. A.,' 46; (S), 4.75; Y. L., 4.40; First, VV. A., 
24.52; Franklin, W. M. S., 1; (S), 5; Highland, 
W. M. S., 1.40; Lake View, W. A., 3; North, 
W. A., 3.50; Park, W. A., 3.65; Trinity, W. A., 
4; Union, VV. M. S., 5; (S), 5; Columbus, East- 
wood, W. M. S., 2; Mayflower, W. M. S., 7; 
North, W. M. S., 1.50; Conneaut, W. M. S., 
5.36; C. E., 2.90; S. S., 10; East Cleveland, W. 
A., 2.80; M. 1?., 2.10; Elyria, First, W. A., 27; 
Second, W. M. S., 12; Fredericksburg, W. M. S., 
4.95; Gomer, W. M. S., 1.60; Greenwich, W. M. 
S., 2.80; Geneva, W. S., 12; Gleaner, Grand 
River Conference, 2 ; Hudson, W. A., 7 ; Hunts- 
burg, K. E. S., 2.28; Kirtland, W. M. S., 5; 
Lima, W. M. S., 3.56; C. E., 2; Lindenville, 
W. M. S., 588; Loch, W. M. S., 5; 
Lodi, W. M. S., 5; Lyme, W. M. S., 3; 
Y. P. M. C, s; Madison, W. M. S., 
2.80; Mansfield, Mayflower, W. M. S., 4.20; 
Marietta, First, W. M. S., 6.55; C. E., 2.66; 
Harmar, W. M. S.. 10; Oak Grove, W. M. S., 
4.75; Marysville, W. M. S., 12; C. E., 2.50; Mt. 
Vernon, W. M. S., 9.36 ; Newark, Plymouth, W. 
M. S., 5.60; New London, W. M. S., 2; New- 
port, Ky., W. M. S., (S), 4; Norwalk, W. M. S., 
2.70; Oberlin, First, C. E., 5; Second, L. S., 25; 
(SL 15; C. E., 5; S. S., 7.30; Painesville, First, 
W. M. S., 23; J. C. E., 3; Penfield, W. M. S., 
2.50; Plain, W. M. S., 2.80; Pittsfield, W. M. S., 
5; Ritchfield, W. M. S., 5; Ruggles, W. M. S., 
3.40; Sandusky, L. G., 2.20; Sheffield, W. M. S., 
1; Springfield, First, W. M. S., 15.60; Strongs- 
ville, W. M. S., .75; (S), 2; Talmadge, 
W. M. S., 27; Toledo, Central (S), 5.50; S. S., 
(S), 5; First, W. M. S., 50; Second, J. M. C, 
2.60; Prim. S. S., 1; Twinsburg, W. M.S., 8.90; 
Unionville, W. M. S., 2.47 ; Wakeman, W. M. S., 
3.80; C. E., 5; Wellington, W. A, 6.25; C. E., 
10; J. C. E., 1; Windham. H. H. S., 8.70; York, 
W. M. C, 3.30; Youngstown, Elm, W. M. S., 
1.40; Plymouth, W. M. S., (S), 2; Lorain, W. 
M. S., (S), 4; Mrs; F. E. Tracy, (S), 25. 

Total, Regular $705.82 

Total, Silver Fund 92.43 


Grand Total $1,143.86 


Reported at the National Office in July, August, 
September and October, 1907. 

Bennington, Vt., 1st, box, bbl., mon., 90; 
Claremont, N. H., Lad. Miss. Soc, box, 36; 
Concord, N. H., South, Soc. Cir., box and money, 
84.65; Fairport, N. Y., W. H. M. U., 2 bbls., 
171.32; Guilford, Conn., First, Lad. Miss Soc, 
1 bbl., 53; Hollis, N. H., Lad. Read. & Char. 
Cir., box, 5816; Kane, Penna., Worn. Miss Soc, 
box, 100; Lancaster, N. H., box, 37.50; Sher- 
burne, N. Y., Worn. Miss. Soc, box and money, 
74.75 ; Southington, Conn., 1st, Worn. Miss Soc, 
bbl. & Pkge., 71.20; Stonington, Conn., 2nd, 
Lad. Soc, box & bbl., 166; Suffield, Conn., 1st, 
Lad. Soc, bbl., 138; White Plains, N. Y., Lad. 
Aid Soc. box, 230.55; Williamstown, Mass., 1st, 
Worn. Miss Soc, box, 150; Woodbridge, Conn., 
Lad. Aid. Soc box & bbl., 123. 


W. Firman. 1012 Iowa St.. Oak Park. 111. Sec- 
retary, Mrs. G. H. Schneider, 919 Warren 
Ave., Chicago; Treasurer, Mrs. A. H. Flint, 604 
Willis Ave., Svracuse, N. Y. 

T. NEW HAMPSHIRE, Female Cent. Institu- 
tion, organized Ausrust. 1804; and Home Mission- 
ary Union, organized June. i8qo. President. Mrs. 
James Minot, Concord; Secretary, Miss Caroline 

E. Whitcomb, 192 Roxbury St.. Keene; Treas- 
urer, Miss Annie A. McFarland, 196 N. Main 
St., Concord. 

2. MINNESOTA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized September, 1872. President, 
Miss Catharine W. Nichols. 1346 W. Minnehaha 
St.. St. Paul ; Secretary, Mrs. S. V. S. Fisher, 
2131 E. Lake St. Minneapolis; Treasurer. Mrs. 
W". M. Bristoll. 815 E. 18th St.. Minneapolis. 

3, ALABAMA, Woman's Missionary Union, 




oiganized March, 1877; reorganized April, 1889. 
r-icsiaent, Airs. M. A. Dillard, Selma; Secretary, 
Mrs. E. Guy Snell, Mobile; Treasurer, Mrs. H. 
K, Hudson, 1505 3rd Ave., Birmingham. 

LAND, (.having certain auxiliaries elsewhere). 
Woman's Home Missionary Association, organ- 
ized Feb., 1880. .President, 

Secretary, Miss Mary C. E. 
Jackson, 607 Congregational House, Boston; 
Treasurer, Miss Lizzie D. White, 607 Congrega- 
tional House, Boston. 

5, MrtlNE, Woman's Missionary Auxiliary, or- 
ganized June, 18U0. President, Mrs. K. B. Lewis, 
S. Berwick; Secretary, Mrs. Emma C. Waterman, 
Gorham; Treasurer, Mrs. Helen W. Hubbard, 79 
Pine St., Bangor. 

6, MICHIGAN, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized May, 1881. President, Mrs. C. 
R. Wilson, 65 Frederick Ave., Detroit; Cor. Sec- 
retary, Treasurer, Mrs. A. H. Stoneman, 341 
Worden St., Grand Rapids. 

7, KANSAS, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized October, 1881. President, Mrs. 
J. E. Ingham, Topeka; Secretary, Mrs. Emma E. 
Johnston, 1323 W. 15th St., Topeka; Treasurer, 
Mrs. J. P. Wahle, 1258 Clay St., Topeka. 

8, OHIO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1082. President, Mrs. C. H. 
Small, 196 Commonwealth Ave., Cleveland; Sec- 
retary, and Treasurer, Mrs. G. B. Brown, 2116 
Warren St. Toledo. 

9, NEW YOkK, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized Oct., 1883. President, Mrs. Wil- 
liam Kincaid, 483 Greene Ave., Brooklyn ; Sec- 
retary, Mrs. Charles 11. Dickinson, Woodchft-on- 
Hudson, N. J ; Treasurer, Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, 
153 Decatur St , Brooklyn. 

10, WISCONSIN, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized October, 1883. President, Mrs. 
T. G. Grassie, Wauwatosa; Secretary, Mrs. J. H. 
Dixon, 941 Church St., Beloit; Treasurer, Mrs. 
lidward V. Hanson, Beloit. 

11, NORTH DAKOTA, Woman s Home Mis- 
sionary Union, organized November, 1883. Pres- 
ident, Mrs. L. B. Flanders, Fargo; Secretary, 
Mrs. J. P. Young, Wahpeton ; Treasurer, Mrs. E. 
II. Stickney, Fargo. . 

12 OREGON, Woman s Home Missionary 
Union, organized July, 1884. President, Mrs. E. 
W. Luckey, 707 Marshall St., Portland; Cor. 
Secretary, Miss Mercy Clarke, 395 4th St., Port- 
land ; Treasurer, Mrs. C. F. Clapp, Forest Grove. 

13, WASHINGTON, Including Northern Idaho, 
Woman's Home Missionary Union, organized 
July, 1884; reorganized June, 1889. President, 
Mrs. W. C. Wheeler. 302 N. J. St., Tacoma; 
Secretary, Mrs. Edward L. Smith, 725 14th Ave., 
Treas., Mrs. E. B. Burwell, 323 7th Ave., Seattle. 

14 SOUTH DAKOTA, Woman's Home Mis- 
sionary Union, organized Sept., 1884. President, 
Mrs H K. Warren, Yankton; Secretary, Mrs. A. 
C. Bowdish, Mitchell ; Treasurer, Mrs. A. Loomis, 

% CONNECTICUT, Woman's Congregational 
Home Missionary Union of Connecticut, organ- 
ized January, 1885. President, Mrs. Washington 
Choate, Greenwich; Secretary, Mrs. C. T. Millard, 
36 Lewis St., Hartford; Treasurer, Mrs. James B. 
Thomson, 92 Lincoln St., New Britain. _ 

16 MISSOURI, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized May, 1885. President, Mis. M. 
T. Runnels. 1229 Garfield Ave., Kansas City, 
Secretary. Mrs. C. W. McDaniel, 2729 Olive St., 
Kansas City; Treasurer, Mrs. A. D. Rider, 2524 
Forest Ave.. Kansas City. . 

17 ILLINOIS. Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized May, 1885. President M rs B . 
W. Firman, 1012 Iowa St., Oak Park; Cor. bec- 
retary, Mrs. G. H. Schneider, 919 Warren Ave 
Chicago- Treasurer, Mrs. A. H. Stan dish, 449 
No. Grove Ave., Oak Park. 

18 IOWA, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized June, 1886. President. Mrs. D. P. 
Breed. Gnnnell ; Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. 
H K. Edson. Grin n ell. . ... 

Home Missionary Union, organized June, i»»7- 
President, Mrs. O. W. Lucas, 2409 Carlton bt., 
Berkley; Secretary, Mrs E. S. W.ll.a- as, Sara- 
toga; Treasurer, Mrs. M. J. Haven, 13*9 H» r «- 
son St., Oakland. 

20, NEBRASKA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized Nov., 1887. President, Airs. J. 
E. Tuttle, 13 1 3 C St,, Lincoln; Secretary, Mrs. H. 
Bross, 2904 Q St., Lincoln; Treasurer, Mrs. 
Charlotte J. Hall, 2322 Vine St., Lincoln. 

21, FLORIDA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized February 1888. President, Mrs. 

E. M. Winslow, Cocoanut Grove ; Secretary, Mrs. 
\V. H. Edmondson, Daytona; Treasurer, Mrs. 
Catherine A. Lewis, Mt. Dora. 

22, INDIANA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized May, 1888. President, Mrs. W. 
A. Bell, 121 1 Broadway, Indianapolis; Secretary, 
and Treasurer, Mrs Anna D. Davis, 1608 Beli- 
ef ontaine S'., Indianapolis. 

Home Missionary Union, organized May, 1888. 
President, Mrs. George Robertson, Mentone ; Sec- 
retary, Mrs. H. K. W. Bent, 130 W. Ave., Los 
Angeles ; Treasurer, Mrs. E. C. Norton, Clare- 

24, VERMONT, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized June, 1888. President, Mrs. 
Rebecca P. Fairbanks, St. Johnsbury; Secretary, 
Mrs. W. J. Van Patten, Burlington; Treasurer, 
Mrs. C. H. Thompson, Brattleboro. 

25, COLORADO, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized October, 1888. President, Mrs. 

F. D. Baker, 3221 Franklin St., Denver; Sec- 
retary, Mrs. Joel Harper, 653 S. Logan Ave., 
Denver; Treasurer, Mrs. L. D. Sweet, 1460 
Franklin St., Denver. 

26, WYOMING, Woman's Missionary Union, 
organized May, 1893. President, 

Secretary, Mrs. H. B. Patten, Cheyenne; 
Treasurer, Mrs. J. W.Morrall, Sheridan. 

27, GEORGIA, Woman's Missionary Union, 
organized November, 1888; new organization 
October, 1898. President, Mrs. N. I. Heard, 
Athens ; Secretary, Miss Jennie Curtiss Mcin- 
tosh; Treasurer, Mrs. Minnie J. Davis, Atlanta. 

29, LOUISIANA, Woman's Missionary Union, 
organized April, 1889. President, Miss Mary L. 
Rogers, 2436 Canal St., New Orleans; Secretary, 
Mrs. A. L. DeMond, 128 N. Galvez St.; Treas- 
urer, Miss Lena Babcock, 2436 Canal St., New 
Orleans. «» 

NESSEE, Woman's Missionary Union of 
the Tennessee Association organized April, 1889. 
President, Mrs. G. W. Moore, 725 17th Ave., 
Nashville, Tenn. ; Secretary, Mrs. J. E. Smith, 
Chattanooga, Tenn. ; Treasurer, Mrs. J. C. Napier, 
5 14 Capitol Ave., Nashville. 

31, NORTH CAROLINA, Woman's Mission- 
ary Union, organized October, 1889. President, 
Mrs. E. C. Newkirk, Mooresville; Secretary and 
Treasurer, Mrs. H. R. Faduma, Troy. 

32, TEXAS, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized March, 1S90. Secretary, Mrs. Donald 
Hinckley, Sanger Ave., Dallas; Treasurer, Mrs. 
A. Geen, Dallas. 

33, MONTANA, Woman's Home Missionary 
Union, organized May, 1890. President, Rev. 
Alice Barnes Hoagg, Orr; Secretary, Mrs. J. W. 
Hey ward, 816 No. 27th St., Billings; Treasurer, 
Mrs. W. S. Bell, 611 Spruce St., Helena. 

34, PENNSYLVANIA, Woman's Missionary 
Union, organized June, 1890. President, 
Mrs. E. E. Dexter, 782 N. 19th St., Philadelphia; 
Secretary, Mrs. E. H. Osgood, Germantown; 
Treasurer, Mrs. David Howells, Kane. 

35, OKLAHOMA, President, Mrs. Alice M. 
Brewster, Chickasha, I. T. ; Secretary, Mrs. Mary 
S. Rowe, 801 W. Reno St., Oklahoma City; 
Treasurer, Mrs. A. R. Hyatt, Okarche. 

36, NEW JERSEY, .Woman's .Missionary 
Union. President, Mrs. John M. Whiton, Plain- 
field; Secretary, Mrs. Allen H. Still, Westfield ; 
Treas., Mrs. G. A. L. Merrifield, Falls Ch., Va. 

37, UTAH, Woman's Missionary Union, organ- 
ized May, 1891. President, Mrs. C. T. Hemphill, 
Salt Lake. Citv, Utah; Secretary, Mrs. L. E. 
Hall, Salt Lake City, Utah; Treasurer, Miss 
Anna Baker, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

38, IDAHO, Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
organized 1893. ' President, Mrs. R. B. Wright, 
Boise; Secretary, Mrs. C. E. Mason, Mountain 
Home; Treasurer, Mrs. G. W. Deer, Pocatello, 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 


CHARLES S. MILLS, D.D., President 
SIMEON E. BALDWIN, Vice-President 

General Secretary Associate Secretary 

JOSEPH B. CLARK, D. D., Editorial Secretary 
Field Secretary, REV. W. G. PUD UK* OUT, South Framingham, Mass. 
MISS MIRIAM L. WOODBERRY, Secretary Woman's Dep't. 


CHARLES S. MILLS, D. D., Chairman. Missouri MR. C. M. BLACKMAN. Wisconsin 

RAYMOND CALKINS, D. D ..Maine MR. F. E. BOG ART Michigan 

GEORGE E. HALL, D. D New Hampshire MR. H. M. BEARDSLEY Missouri 


MR. ARTHUR F. WHITIN Massachusetts W. H. DAY, D. D Southern California 

MK. JOHN F. HUNTSMAN Rhode Island JOHN E. TUTTLE, D. D Nebraska 

REV. H. H. KELSEY Connecticut li. L. SMITH, D. D Washington 

S. PARKES CADM AN, D. D New York MR. DAVID P. JONES Minnesota 

MR. W. W. MILLS Ohio iuk JAMES G. CANNON New York 

MR. T. C. McMILLAN Illinois W. T. McELVEEN, Ph.D Massachusetts 

REV. CHARLES- A. MOORE Iowa S. H. WOODROW, D. D Washington, D. C. 

FRANK T. BALEY, D. D Colorado 


HUBERT C. HERRING, D. D., Chairman 

One Year Two Years 






Moritz E. Eversz, D. D., German Department, 81 Ashland Boulevard, Chicago 111. 

Rev. F. Risberg, Supt. of Swedish Work, Si Ashland Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. O. C. Grauer, Supt. of Dano-Norwegian Work " 

Rev. Chas. H. Small, Slavic .Department, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Rev. A. E. Ricker Indianapolis, Ind. ,Rev. G. J. Powell Fargo, N. Dak. 

Geo. R. Merrill, D. D Minneapolis, Minn. Rev. Geo. A. Hood Denver, Colo. 

Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr West Seattle, Wash. J. D. Kingsbury, D, D., Utah & Idaho, S. L. City 

Rev. W. B. D. Gray Cheyenne, Wyo. Rev. Geo. A. Chatfield, New Mexico and Arizona, 

Frank E. Jenkins, D.D., The South. .Atlanta, Ga. Amarillo, Texas. 

W. H. Thrall, D. D Huron, S. Dak. Rev. Chas. A. Jones, 7sEssex St., Hackensack.N. J. 

Geo. L. Todd, D. D Havana, Cuba. Rev. C. G. Murphy Oklahoma City. 

Rev. Arthur J. Folsom. .. .Forest Grove, Oregon 


Rev. Charles Harbutt, Secretary. Maine Missionary Society •••34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

W. P. Hubbard, Treasurer " " Box 1052, Bangor, Me. 

Rev. E. R. Smith, Secretary — New Hampshire Home Missionary Society Concord, N. H. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer " " " " " Concord, N. H. 

Chas. H. Merrill, D.D., Secretary. Vermont Domestic " " " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

J. T. Richie, Treasurer " " " " " .St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

F. E. Emrich, D.D., Secretary.. Massachusetts " " ....609 Cong'l House, Boston, Mass. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Treasurer... " " " " 609 Cong'l Souse, Boston, Mass. 

Rev. J. H. Lyon, Secretary. .. .Rhode Island Home Missionary Society Central Falls, R.I. 

Jos. Wm. Rice, Treasurer " " " " " Providence, R. I. 

Rev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary Missionary Society of Connecticut Hartford, Conn. 

Security Company, Treasurer. . . " " " Hartford, Conn. 

Rev. C. W. Shelton, Secretary. .New Y'ork Home Miss. Society. .Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 
Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer.... " " " " " ..Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 

Rev. Charles H. Small, Secretary . Ohio " " " Cleveland, Ohio 

Rev. Charles H. Small, Treasurer. " " " " " Cleveland, Ohio 

Rev. Roy B. Guild, Secretary. Illinois " " " 153 La Salle St., Chicago 

John W. Iliff, Treasurer " " " " 153 La Salle St., Chicago 

Homer W.Carter, D.D., SecretaryWisconsin " " " Beloit, Wis. 

C. M. Blackman, Treasurer. " " " " Whitewater, Wis. 

Rev. P. A. Johnson, Secretary . Iowa " " Grinnell, Iowa 

Miss A. D. Merrill, Treasurer.. " " " " Des Moines, Iowa 

Rev. J. W. Sutherland Secretary Michigan " " " Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer " " " " Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. L. C. Schnacke, Secretary. Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society Topeka. Kan. 

Rev. H. E. Thayer, Treasurer. " " " " " Wichita 

Rev. S. I. Hanford, Secretary. .Nebraska Home Missionary Society Lincoln, Neb. 

S. A. Sanderson, Treasurer " " " " Lincoln, Neb. 

Rev. John L. Maile, Secretary. South California Home Missionary Society Los Angeles, Cal. 

A. K. Wray. D. D., Secretary. Missouri Home Missionary Society. , ...Carthage, Mo. 

Lewis D. Snow, Treasurer St. Louis, Mo. 

Rev. L. D. Rathbone Secretary North California Home Missionary Society Berkeley, Cal. 

LEGACIES — The following form may be used in making legacies: « 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of dollars, in trust, to pay ov«*> the lamt In 

month* after my decease, to any person who, when the earns is payable, shall act aa 

Treasurer of the Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed In the City of New York, In the 

yea? eighteen hundred and twenty-six, to be applied to the Charitable nse and purposes of saii 

Society, end under Its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS— The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an 

Bonerary Life Member. 


Absolutely Pure 

A Cream of Tartar Powder 

free from alum or phos- 



Trade Marks 
Copyrights Ac. 

Anyone sending a sketch and description may 
qulclcly ascertain our opinion free whether an 
invention is probably patentable. Communica- 
tions strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patents 
sent free. Oldest agency for securing patents. 

Patents taken through Munu & Co. receive 
tpecial notice, without c harg e in the 

Scientific Hmeiican. 

illustrated weekly. Largest cir- 
culation ofany scientific journal. Ten 
year: four months, $i. Soldb} al 

MUNN & CO. 36iBroad Way N ew York 

h I Ifficc. 625 F St.,Washi 

ANUARY 1908 



- •♦• 

Ring: out the Old, ring in the New, 

Ring, happy bells, 

across the snow, 

The year is going, 

let him go; 

Ring out the false, ring. in the true. 


Ring out the darkness of the land, 
Ring in the Christ that is to be.' 


Entered mi the Post Office at second class Imaillmatter. 



PROFESSOR CHARLES MARSH MEAD, D, P ., has donated to the Home Missionary 
Society a limited number of copies of his valuable work, entitled "IRENIC THEO- 
LOGY," published by G. P. Putnam's Sons of New York, 375 pages. These are to be 
distributed among our home missionary pastors as far as they will go as a free 
only condition being a request for the same with fourteen cents enclosed for postage. 

PASTORS will find this to be a substantial and useful addition to their libraries. The author 
after having been Professor of Hebrew for sixteen years in Andover Theological Semi- 
nary, and a member of the Bible Revision Committee, spent te ",., 
study and in authorship both in the English and German language Since that 
has been Professor of Christian theology in Hartford Theological Seminary and a lecturer 
in Princeton Theological Seminary. Recognized as an' acute and learned theologian he is 
also acknowledged to be one of the best German scholars in America. 

PROFESSOR W. F. WARREN, D.D., LL.D., says of this book 

•istian doc 

In deftness of thought and expression I) 


theologians ; 
fearlessness of the autho 

ngth of his 
and fearless di 

and logic unafraid and a, 

In requestir • address Secrertary J, B. CLARK, 

Conditional Gifts 

Assuring the donors of income 
ferlife are invited by 

Home Missionary Society 

THE SOCIETY will give its guarantee, which 
the best of security, for the semi-annual 
payment during life, of an am 
good rate of interest, the gift itself 
mately to the work of the Home Miss; 

BY SUCH GIF -ors may be assured 

of safety, prompt and regular payments c 
semi-annual in dom from care, and 

ultimately the use of the mon; 
ooses of the r« 




Washington Choate, Treasurer 

Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New 

York City. 


about Pianos! 

— You want the sweetest toned 

— You want that sweet tone to last 

— You dislike to spend any more 

money than necessary :— But every adviser, and so=called expert, recommends 

a different make. You are like a man lost in the woods. You don't know 

which way to turn. This surely describes your position. 


THE REMEDY : — Educate yourself on the subject ! Study — read — 
Read more — Study more. Then listen in the quietness of your 
own parlor to the tone of the highest grade piano you can 
get, but without agreeing to purchase it. Call in al 
those musical friends who you know 

are not under past obligations to any piano 

dealers or friends of dealers. Resolve you will 

study attentively piano tone and will be deaf, 

while studying, to the magnetic talk and persuasiveness of sales 

men. This is the intelligent way. It's the way you planned your new 

home. You made a long study of it calmly, thoroughly, and you became 

quite an expert. You can be just as expert about pianos. 

We are willing to send you free two books: 

One officially entitled "The Book 
of Complete Information about 

Pages handsomely bound, if you 
ever intend to buy a piano, no matter 
what make. 

It tells how to test a piano and how 
to tell good from bad : what causes 
pianos to get out of order. It makes 
the selection of a piano easy. If 
read carefully it will make you an 
expert judge of piano tone, of action, 
workmanship and of durability. 

It tells everything that any one 
can possibly want to know about 
pianos; gives a description of every 
part of the piano, how put together 
and all the processes of manufacture. 
Gives description of the new in- 
vention for aiding learners to play 
called THE NOTEACCORD (en- 
dorsed by Paderewski and other 
great pianists). It explains Agents' 
and Dealers' Methods and Devices. 

It tells about the very first piano, 

the qualities of labor, the felt, 
ivories and woods used in every 
high-grade piano, and compares high 
qualities with the cheaper kind (used 
in inferior pianos). Describes what 
constitutes a musical-piano-tone, and 
in fact is a complete encyclopedia. 

You need and should have THIS 
EDUCATIONAL BOOK to thoroughly 
inform you whenever CONFUSED 

Its scores of illustrations (all de- 
voted to piano construction) are not 
only interesting but are instructive — 
to children as well as to adults. 

You will certainly learn a great 
deal about pianos that you could not 
hear of or read ANYWHERE ELSE 
for it is absolutely the only book of 
its kind ever published. Neverthe- 
less we send it free. 

The other book is also copy- 
righted but is a short story named 
REASONS." The story of an 

average American family which was 
ALL CONFUSED about Pianos— it is 
interesting, readable and prettily 
illustrated — gives a little hint of a 
love affair which the piano helped 
along, as many pianos have done. 

These two books cost quite a sum 
to produce, print, bind, illustrate 
and mail. Upwards of 400,000 have 
been issued and without a single 
exception have been highly com- 

SO FAR not one word about our- 
selves. We are and have been the 
manufacturers of THE FAMOUS 
WING PIANO for the past 39 years ! 

We Have Supplied Over 40,000 American Homes With ?J| 

We refer to Banks, Governors of many States, and Judges; to Merchants, 
Conservatories of Music, Singers and Professors of Music. We have been 
students of vibration and of musical tone and strength of materials during 
all these 39 years. The first patent issued to our Mr. Wing, Senior, for 
improvement on pianos was in 1876, and other improvements have been 
invented since at the average rate of more than one yearly. These facts 
prove our skill and long experience, but would not be mentioned if we 
did not wish to show you that we know the piano subject as few others 
have had the opportunity ; for 39 years is a long — long time for a business 
house to "live and learn " and constantly prosper. 

Write for the books at once or fill in the coupon. Take it out 
and mail to as now while you think of it (and while you have 
jthe coupon). You will be under no obligations whatever. 


358-391 West 13th Street, New York 


Changes in the Field 

We have had frequent occasion of 
late to record changes in our official 
list of Superintendents and Sec- 
retaries. In a late number of the 
Pacific, we find the following from 
Henry E. Jewett, which we are glad 
to quote, and heartily endorse, in The 
Home Missionary: 

On Sunday, September ist, Rev. L. D. 
Rathbone entered officially upon his 
work as Superintendent of Home Mis- 
sions for Northern California, but his 
heart has been in this work long before 
his hands were free for this great serv- 
ice. He knows well this large field and 
most of the pastors in self-supporting 
and mission churches. His enthusiasm 
and wisdom and consecration give great 
promise for the development of our 
Home Missionary work. The cause 
which Warren and Harrison loved and 
labored for with recognized success will 
leceive fresh impulse from henceforth 
under their successor. Let the churches 
give him welcome and respond generous- 
ly when he asks them to give and serve. 
All communications relating to the work 
of the Home Missionary Society should 
now be addressed to him at Barker 
Block, Berkeley. 

Rev. P. Adelstein Johnson, for seven 
years pastor of the First Church, Ot- 
tumwa, Iowa, has been unanimously 
chosen to succeed Dr. T. O. Douglass, as 
Secretary of the Iowa Home Missionary 
Society. Mr. Johnson is, by birth, an 
Icelander, coming to this country as a 
boy. His acquaintance with the State 
work is intimate, and he stands firm in 

the confidence of the churches. It is 
high praise to say that he is regarded 
worthy to succeed Dr. Douglass who, 
after twenty-five years of unwearied 
service, leaves a memory that will be 
ever fragrant in the home missionary 
history of Iowa. It is the good fortune 
of the National Society to have secured 
his services in the coming winter cam- 

Rev. Horace Sanderson, whose long 
and fruitful service in Colorado has won 
him the esteem of the churches and the 
love of his brethren, now retires giving 
place to Rev. George A. Hood, late 
District Secretary of the Church Build- 
ing Society. Mr. Hood has held the 
position of a Home Missionary Superin- 
tendent in Minnesota and Wisconsin, 
and is endowed with every gift of ex- 
perience and of personality for success 
in the Centennial State. 

As a measure of relief for Dr. J. D. 
Kingsbury, his immense field has been 
divided. Rev. George A. Chatfield is 
now to supervise New Mexico and 
Arizona, while Dr. Kingsbury continues 
to have the care of Utah and Southern 
Idaho. For the present his address is 
Bradford, Mass. He will take an active 
part in Eastern campaigns, and will be 
glad to respond to calls for missionary 

Secretary H. E. Thayer, of Kansas, 
has felt the drawing college work, and 
resigns his office to accept the call of 
Fairmount College, to succeed the late 
Dr. Morrison as its President. Rev. L. 
C. Schnacke takes Mr. Thayer's place as 


In requesting a change of address 
for The Home Missionary, please 
always name both addresses, the old 
and the new. 

All changes on the mailing list of 
The Home Missionary are made 
previous to the 15th of each month. 
New subscriptions, or changes of ad- 

dress, received later than the 15th can- 
not appear on the label until one 
month later. 

In ordering Home Missionary liter- 
ature, please indicate clearly the num- 
ber of copies of any leaflet required, 
whether a single number for personal 
use, or a quantity for distribution. 


For JANUARY, 1908. a 

FROM AN IMMIGRANT'S LOGBOOK, Parti, Illustrated 271 


Tfle Unspeakable Steerage- -Home Mission Campaigns- -Tfie 
Treasury- -Rev. James H. Ross 

Illustrated, T. O. Douglass 


I -Everyday Work in the Everyday Church, Alfred Benthall. 

II-Qur Work Among the Men of the Mine and the Forge, 
Henry Harris 



ANOTHER VETERAN AT REST, Illustrated- Editorial 


Raymond Calkins 



Miriam L. Woodberry 








, 295 




Published Monthly, except in July and August, by the 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 






JANUARY, 1908 

NO. 8- 

From an Immigrant 's Logbook 

Some Experiences of an Unknown in the Steerage — A Narrative of Fact, not 
Fiction — Conditions that Should be Abolished 

WE live in an age of improve- 
ments. Charity organiza- 
tions are numerous. The 
child-labor question, welfare work, 
tenement house inspection, draw the 
attention of the multitude. A man 
that drives a sick horse is arrested, 
and the horse is cared for; the dog 
without a master is taken to the dog's 
hospital. But, strange to say, war 
goes on and nations murder nations. 
Twentieth century life is a peculiar 
combination of charity and cruelty. I 
have seen the whole population of a 
town in Spain excited and bloodthristy 
over a bull-fight. I have seen strong 
men and women giving their life and 
love and all to those who are hungry 
for a bit of love. I have seen trolley- 
car passengers complain about not 
stopping at the corner, but a few yards 
further on. I have seen steamship 
companies bathing in wealth and 
dividends at the cost of millions of 
immigrants who suffer steerage hor- 
rors from six to twenty days. 

Shall the steamship companies reign 
forever? Is it not time that steerage 
conditions, such as I shall describe, 
come to an end? 

A wealthy American going to 
Europe in the first cabin of an up-to- 
date ocean-liner, sent a cable from 
Bremen to his friend in New York, 
reading "Luxury." I had a notion to 
send a cable to my mother, on arriv- 
ing in New York in the steerage, 

reading "Misery." That would des 

cribe my impressions about the trip. 

On the 20th of June, 1907, I walk- 
ed into the main office of a German- 
American Line to buy a ticket for the 
steamer that was to leave for New 
York on Saturday, June 22d. Above 
the main entrance I read, "Mein Felt, 
die Welt," which means, "My field is 
the world." How true that is. Not 
only does this company have lines 
all over the world, but like some other 
lines, it has almost unlimited power, 
and the dividends are gained largely 
from the patronage of the steerage 
passengers who come from all parts 
of the world. 

After answering a number of ques- 
tions as to birth, nationality, profes- 
sion, whether I had been in America 
before, etc., all of which are copied on 
the ship's manifest and which must 
correspond to the answers given by 
the immigrant at Ellis Island, I was 
led to a doctor, who examined me at 
a glance and measured me. Then I 
put down 150 marks ($36), and 
learned that second-cabin passage was 
only 60 marks ($15) more. "And," 
said the clerk with a wink of his eye, 
"then you don't have to live in the 

He could not understand how I 
could choose to travel in the steerage, 
after having been in America, but I 
had my reasons, although I under- 
stood his wink. 

Only 60 marks difference in cash, 
.but a world of difference in treatment 

27 2 



and accommodation. 

Ticket in hand, I left the beautiful 
building, not fully realizing that I had 
sold my liberty and rights of modern 
civilization for seventeen long days. 

On Saturday, June 22d, I left my 
friend at the door of the waiting room 
of the steamship line, where the first 
of a series of operations began. 

When I looked at the crowd around 
me, tired and worn out, the men un- 
shaven, the women with unkempt hair, 
the children dirty and neglected, I re- 
membered what I had seen years be- 
fore, when I was home, when train- 
loads of immigrants arrived at Rot- 
terdam, after a long railway ride. I 
also remembered what Mr. Z., in that 
same city, told me about the hard- 
ships many immigrants go through 
before they reach the port of embark- 
ation. Later I must tell about him 
and his splendid work among immi- 
grants. Just now we are engaged 
with the first inspection. 

Before I knew it I was pushed into 
a large hall, too small though to hold 
i, 600 people, our number of pas- 
sengers. The smell of children, 
garlic, fish, cheese, onions, pickles and 
what not reminded me of the days of 
my childhood, when I was called the 
egg-smeller, on account of my exceed- 
ingly strong smelling capacities. 
Whenever I declared an egg bad, my 
sisters would not touch it, for I was 
an authority on such matters. It is 
pleasant to be an authority, but I did 
not feel very good just then. I tried 
to move away from the man in front 
of me, who smelled like a garlic- 
plantation. I moved two feet, that 
was as far as I could get, and behold 
a boy gnawing at a raw onion tried to 
chase me. So I stayed where I was, 
amidst the babel of tongues, and wait- 
ed patiently till my turn came to be 

Everyone wanted to get out, and 
pressed forward, only to be pushed 
back again by two policemen, who 
were making faces at one another, to 
indicate that their noses were work- 
ing well. At last the baggage-laden 

throng began to move on, and my 
turn came to be examined. The doc- 
tor turned up my eyelids, and I passed 
as O. K. An employee of the line 
stamped my large green ticket, "Au- 
gen gesund" (eyes all right). This 
was the second stamp, the first being, 
"Aerztlich untersucht," stamped by 
the doctor in the office, this meaning, 
"examined by a physician." 

From the first moment till the last 
the steerage passenger feels as if he 
has committed a crime. He is sur- 
rounded by police officers, steamship 
officers and other of